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Full text of "The Parliamentary or constitutional history of England, from the earliest times, to the restoration of King Charles II"

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O R 

Hiftory of England, 

From the earlieft TIMES, 

T O T H E 

Reftoration of King CHARLES II. 


From the RECORDS, the ROLLS of Parliament, the JOURNALS 
of both Houfes, the Public LIBRARIES, Original MANU- 
SCRIPTS, fcarce SPEECHES, and TRACTS j all compared with 
the feveral Contemporary Writers, and connected, through- 
out, with the Hiftory of the Times. 




From the Difturbances in Oflolfr, 16^9, to the Reiteration of the King; 
and an Adjournment of the Convention Parliament in September, 1660. 


Printed for J. and R. TON SON, and A. MILLAR, in the 
Strand j and W. S A N D B Y, in Fleet-Jlreet. 


'yil ,? \ 
-.t-sr/. ^ pi ..-.>* j.,. 


', H-E Compilers of this PARLIAMENTARY 
HISTORY gf- England prefent the Public 
'with two Vokimes more of that Work-, 
and were in Hopes that thefe would have finally 
concluded it, down to their original Dejign of bring- 
ing the Hiftory to the End of the Long, or Conven- 
tion, Parliament : But a curious Manufcript being 
fent in, the Work of fome Member of that very 
Affembly y which contains a Journal, or Diary, of all 
their Debates, it has unavoidably lengthened our 
Hiftory fomew hat beyond our Purpofe. A few Sheets 
more of it, therefore, remain yet to be publijhed', 
which, with fome very inter efting Particulars relative 
to this Hiftory, and which have come to Handjince 
the Publication of the former Volumes, muft be poft^ 




ported. 'Thefe loft we intend to add as an Appendix, 
to precede the Index-, which, altogether, are in 
great .For war dnefs to follow the reft* But, as 
every one knows, an Index to any Book cannot be 
completed till every Sheet of the Work be printed of, 
it needs the lefs Apology for the Delay* . 

The Form and Manner of our Index has been 
laid before, and approved by, two very great Men, 
whom we are not at Liberty to name -, we Jhall 
therefore be in the lefs Pain about the Publication, 
?iot doubting but it will equally pleafe our Readers. 



Parliamentary Hiftory 

O F 


H Army being now once again Inter-regnum* 
entire Lords and Matters of all, had ?59 ' . 
many Confutations how they Ihould ^^J^oj,^ 
new model the Government ; and 
firft they declared Flettwood to be Thfe Army fend 
their Commander in Chief. They Letters . t0 ^ 
next difpatch'd Mefiengers to the Armies in Scot- j^* 
land and Ireland, to acquaint them with what they 
had done ; knowing well, That it was of great 
Importance to fecure thofe Forces in their In- 
tereft. The Council of State met very feldom^ 
and that privately ; at one of which Meetings, Lud- 
Icw informs us, Col. Sydinkaih made a Speech, in 
Vindication of the late Proceedings of the Army ; 
and undertook to prove, That they were neceffi- 
tated to make ufe of this laft Remedy by a particular 
Call of the Divine Providence. But, that the Lord 
Prefident Bradjhaw, who was then prefcnt, tho', by 
long Sicknefs, very weak and much emaciated, 
yet, adds our Author, being animated by his ardent 
iZeal and conftant Afteclion to the Common Caufe* 
. VQL. XXII. A upon 

2 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. upon hearing thefe Words, flood up, and interrupted 
l6 59- him, declaring his Abhorrence of that deteftable 
October!" Action ; and telling the Council, That, being now 
going to his God, he had not Patience to fit there 
to hear his great Name fo openly blafphemed ; and 
thereupon departed to his Lodgings, and withdrew 
himfelf from public Employment. Whether this 
old Man was a Prophet or no we fnall not deter- 
mine, yet it is certain he went to his God on the 
laft Day of this very Month ; but, whether to re- 
ceive Reward, or Punifhment, is left to the Reader's 
The Death of Conje&ure. Wkitkcke fays, ' He died of a Quartan 
Prefident Brad- Ague, which had held him a Year ; that he was a 
fl amt flout Man, and learned in his.ProfeiTion, but no 

Friend to Monarchy.' 'Tis certain, however, the 
Quartan Ague was a Friend to Prefident Brad/haw; 
for, had he lived fome Months longer, he muft have 
made his Exit by the Hands of an Executioner. 

But, maugre all Qbftacles, the Army was refolved 
to go on and fhiifli their Work ; they fufpended 
from their Commands the Officers of it, who had 
appeared againft them. They nominated a Coun- 
cil of Ten, namely, Fleetwood, Lambert, fflbitlocke, 
Vane, Dejborougb, Harrington, Sydenbam, Bury, 
Sahvay, and Warrefton, to confider of proper W"ays 
to carry on the Affairs of Government. They 
made, as is faid before, Fleetwood Chief Commander, 
and Lambert Major- General of the Forces in Eng- 
land and Scotland ; which, fays Whitlocke, much 
difcontented Monke. They appointed Fleet-wood, 
Lambert, Vane, Dejborougb, Ludloiv, and Bury, to 
be a Committee for nominating Officers of the Ar- 
my ; and, laftly, they kept a Day of Humiliation in 
Whitehall Chapel. 

A Committee of The next Thing they did was to conftitute, what 
Safety named, they called, A Committee of Safety, confifting of 
Twenty-three Perfons ; and that Letters fhould be 
fent to every one of them, to' undertake the Truft. 
Wbitlocke has preferved the Form of one of thefe 
Letters, fent to himfelf, which was as follows : 


Of E N G L A N D. 3 

for our honoured Friend Bulftrode Lord Whitlocke. Inter-regnum. 
SIR, Whitehall, 0t. 27, 1659. J 6 . 5 !^ 

* T T P O N Confideration of the prefent Pofture oacber. 
c \^J of Affairs of this Commonwealth, the Ge- 

* neral Council of Officers of the Army have 

* thought fit to appoint a Committee of Safety, for 

* the Prefervation of the Peace, and Management 

* of the prefent Government thereof; as alfo for the 
' preparing of a Form of a future Government for 

* thefe Nations, upon the Foundation of a Com- 
monwealth or Free State : And yourfelf being one 
4 of the Perfons nominated for that Purpofe, we do, 

* by their Direction, hereby give you Notice thereof, 
' and defire you to repair To-morrow Morning, at 
Ten o'Clock, to the Horfe-Chamber in IV bite- 

* hall, in order to the Service aforefaid. We reft 

Tour faithful Friends and Servant s, 


The faid Author makes a great many Apologies for 
his accepting this Office ; and would fain perfuade- 
his Readers, That he had no lucrative Views ia 
taking of it ; but tr>e Confequences will {hew jb^: 
contrary : However, his Rpafom feem to gives u^ 
fome Light into the fecret Workings of tht ie dari 
Times, and therefore take them in his own Words ; 

Oftoler 28. The Committee of Safety were .to 
meet, Wbithcke had revolved in his Mind the pre- 
fent State of Affairs, that there was no vifible Au- 
thority or Power for Government, a^ thjs Time, but 
that of the Army ; that if fome legal Authority were 
not agreed upon and fettled, the Armywould pro- 
bably take it into their Hands', and govern by the; 
Sword, or fet up fome Form pYejudkial to the Right ; 
and Liberties of the People, and tor the particula^i 
Advantage and Intereft of the Soldiery, more than> : 
would be convenient. 



Monkia firft 
Letter from Sc 
land to the Er. 
HJb Army, 

4 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

* That he knowing the Purpofe of Vane and other* 
to be fuch, as to the lefiening of the Power of the 
Laws, and fo to change them, and the Magiftracy, 
Miniftry, and Government of the Nation, as might 
be of dangerous Confequence to the Peace and 
Rights of his Country : To prevent- which, and to 
keep Things in a better Order and Form, he might 
be instrumental in this Employment. Upon thefe 
and the like Grounds, as alfo by the Engagement 
of divers of the Committee to join with him therein, 
he was perfuaded to undertake it, and did meet with 
them at the Place appointed, where he was received 
by them with all Reipect and Civility.' 

This Committee of Safety, we are told, confift- 
cd, for the moft part, of Officers of the Army, and 
their Creatures, into which our Au':hor fays he 
enlifted himfelf for the Public Good : And the firft 
Thing we find they did, was to publifh a Declara- 
tion from the Army, with the Grounds and Reafons 
of their late Proceedings. About this Time, alfo, 
came a Letter from General Monke, to thofe Offi- 
cers of the Army, declaring his DiflatibfacTiion, and 
of thofe that were with him, on the late Turn of 
Affairs. This was the firft Smoke perceived of that 
Fire, which foon after broke out to fome Purpofe. 
And fince the Form of thefe Letters (for there were 
three of them) are yet preferved in a Pamphlet of 
thefe Times b , in our Colleclion, we (hall give 
them at Length : 

To the Lord FLEETWOOD. 
Right Honourable, Edinburgh, Off. 20, 1659. 
Have fent this MefTenger to your Lordfhip, to 
let you know that we have received Notice, 
Part of the Army have put Force upon the 


b Called, A Col/effion of Letters and Declarations, &c. fer.t by Ge 
Iteral Monke, &t. Printed at London, in the Tear 1660. This 
Collection was certainly rrade and publifhed, foon after the K ing was 
reftored, by fome that had a Mind to blacken the General, by expo- 
ling his many Declarations to ftand by the Commonwealth. They 
are publifhed /imph , without any Remarks upon them j but, by 
put'ing the moft ft' iking Words and Paflages in them into Italicks, 
and leaving out the Printer's or f-ubliflier's Name, it .muft .have 
been dene by Defign, and in a Time of Danger. 


r s i iei 

'" ' that a 


e Parliament, which they fo lately called together Inter- rcgmim. 

* and owned with the greateft TeiHmoniesof Obe- l6 S9- 

* dience and Repentance for their former Apoftacy* 

* from them. I hope your Lordfhip will not abet 

* an Action of fuch a dangerous and deftrutive 
' Confequence : I know that you love the Liberty 
c and Peace of England fo well, that you will ufe 

* your beft Care that Attempts of this Nature be 

* fupprefled. I do therefore humbly intreat you, 
' that the Parliament may fpeedily be reflored to 
' that Freedom whrch they enjoyed on the nth 

* of this Inftant ; otherwife I am refolved, by the 

* Afliftance of God, with the Army under my Com- 

* mand, to declare for them, and to profecute this 
' juft Caufe to the laft Drop of my Blood. I blefs 
' the Lord that the Officers here are very unani- 

< mous ; and for fuch. whofe Hearts fail them, or 

* which will not at according to their Commiflions 
' from the Parliament, I having Authority, as one 
' of the feven Commiffioners appointed by Act of 

< Parliament, do conftitute fuch as are chearful for 
'this Good old Caufe, till the Parliament's Pleafure 
' be further known. And I do plainly aflure your 
' Lordflaip, that I was never better fatisfied ia the 
' Juftice of any Engagement than in this. You 
' cannot but remember, that God hath already 
c fbewed himfelf glorious in it, and determined the 
' Quarrel on this Side, againft arbitrary Power of 
' raifing Money, without the People's Confent firft 
' had, and the Management of the Militia by any 
' other than the Parliament. I defire your Lordfhip 
' not to be deluded by the fpecious Pretences of any 

* ambitious Perfon whatfoever, and do not bring all 
' the Blood that will be (bed upon your own Head. 
' My Lord, confider how you will anfwer to the 
' dreadful God for the Ruin of Three Nations, for to 

* ferve a Luft, or to gratify a Paffion. For my parti- 

* cular, I am aftiamed of thefe Confufions and Chan- 
' ges that we have made, that we are now become a 
' Scorn and a Reproach to our very Friends, and de- 
< figned to Ruin by all our Neighbours. I take God. 

* to witnefs, that I have no further Ends than the 

A 3 4 efta- 

6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

inter-regnmn. * eftablifhing of Parliamentary Authority, and theft 


v . 

4 good Laws which our Anceftors have purchafed 
' with fo much Blood, the fettling the Nations in a 
' free Commonwealth, and the Defence of Godlinefs 

* and godly Men, tho' of different Judgment : And 
I take myfelf fo far obliged, being in the Parlia- 
' ment's Service, to {land, tho' alone, in this Quar- 

* rel. And I doubt not but your Lordlhip, having 
< the Fear of God in your Heart, will carefully con- 
e fiderof this Matter; which is all at prefent from 

Your Excellency* s humble Servant^ 


To the Lord LAMBERT. 

Right Honourable, Edinburgh , Off. 20, 1659, 

HAving Notice that a Part of the Army, un- 
der the Parliament's Command, have, con- 
trary to'their Duty, put Force upon them, I have 
therefore fent this Meflenger to your Lordfhtp, to 
intreat you to be an Inftrument of Peace and good 
Underflanding between the Parliament and Army: 
For, if they (hall continue this Force, I am refol- 
ved, with the Affiftance of God, and that Part of 
the Army under my Command, to ftand by them, 
and aiTert their lawful Authority. For, Sir, the 
Nation of England will not endure any arbitrary 
Power, neither will any true Englijhmant'm the 
Army ; fo that fuch a Defign will be ruinous and 
deftru&ive : Therefore I do earneftly intreat you, 
that we may not be a Scorn to all the World and 
a Prey to our Enemies, that the Parliament may 
be fpeedily reftored to their Freedom, which they 
enjoyed on the uthlnftant. Which is all at pre- 

Your Lordjhip's humble Servant^ 

At the fame Time with the former came alfo a. 
Letter from Monke, directed to Lenthall, the Speaker 
cf the fecluded Parliament j which we fhall add to 


Of E N G L A N D. 7 

the former, as another curious Anecdote of thefe Inter- regnum, 

To the S P E A K E R. 

RigJrt Honourable, Edinburgh, Oft. 20, 1659. 
' T" Y Aving received Notice that there was a 
' J_ JL Force put upon the Parliament on the I2th 
' or this Inftant, J have feat this Meffenger to your 
' Lordihip, to know whether that Force doth conti- 
' nue ; for I am refolved, by the Grace and Affift- 

* ance of God, as a true Englijhman, to ftand to 

* and alFert the Liberty and Authority of Parlia- 

* rnent: And the Army here, praifed be God, is 
e very courageous and unanimous ; and I doubt not 

* but to give a good Account of this Aclion to you. 
I have, according to your A6t of the I ith Inftant, 
being conftituted a Comfniffioner for the Govern- 
e ment of the Army, put out fuch Perfons as wpUld 

* not act according to your Commiffion. I do call 
' God to witnefs, That the aflerting of a Com* 
4 monvvealth is the only Intent of my Heart ; and I 

* defire, if poflible, to avoid the {bedding of Blood, 

* and therefore intreatyou, that there may be a good 

* Underftanding between the Parliament and Army: 
' But if they will not obey your Commands, I will 
not defert you, according to my Duty and Promife. 
'Which is all at prefent from 

Tour bumble and faithful Servant^ 

The Committee of Safety eafily forefaw, by the 
Purport of thefe Letters, what an Hurricane from 
the North was coming upon them 5 and therefore 
caft about, with all their Cunning, to prevent the 
evil Confequences of fuch a Storm. 

Some Perfons were fent to the General to inform 
him better of Things, and wire-draw him into their 
Schemes of Government. But, at the fame Time, 
Lamlert was alfo ordered down to command the 
Forces that were quartered at Tork^ and the Nor- 
thern Parts of England, with fome more Regiments 


8 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

with him, in order to ftop, or prevent, any finifter 
Defign that Mcnke might have againft them. 

^ n l ^ e mean Time the faid Committee appointed 
a Sub -Committee, confiding of F&etwood, IVhit- 
locke, Vane, Ludlow, Salway^ and Tichburn, to con- 
fider of a Form of Government for the Three Na- 
tions, as a Commonwealth, and prcfent it to the 
former. By a formal Order of State, they alfo 
conftituted the Lord Wlntlocke Keeper of the Great 
Seal, till further Order ; and this, no doubt, our 
Patriot was in Purfuit of, when he came fo readily 
into the laft Scheme of Government. 

About this Time the Committee of Safety had 
more Letters from Edinburgh^ which confirmed 
Monke'* Defection from their Party, and that he 
and many of his Officers had declared for reftoring 
the Parliament : Alfo that he had imprifoned fomq 
of them, and cafhiered others, who were of a dif- 
ferent Judgment in this Affair. 

Dr. Price, the Writer of the Hiftory of the King's 
Reftoration, who was Domeftic Chaplain to Ge- 
neral Monke before and after this happened, and 
who, by his own Account, was moft minutely con- 
cerned in every Step that led to it, has left us 
fome curious Anecdotes to brighten up the Darknefs 
of this whole Proceeding k . We {hall not trace this 
Author backwards, where he endeavours to prove, 
by many Incidents, that Monke had the Royal Caufe 
at Heart long before, and only waited for fuch an 
Opportunity as this, to ufe the Doctor's own Words, 
* to reftore the King, the Liberties of the Subject, 
^nd the Laws of the Realm, to the State they were 
in, before our Civil Wars commenced, in the Year 
1642.' Allow this AfTertion to be true, yet the 
Method Monke took to bring about this Reftoration 
was by no Means juftifiable. fmce 'tis certain it was 
effected by the Breach of fome Oaths, and the deepeft 
Diffimulation. But we fhall only touch upon fuch 
material Occurrences as happened after the Gene- 

k The Myjlery and Method of bis Majeftfs happy Reparation laid 
open to public View By John Price D D. one of the late Dute of 
Albermarle't Chaplains, and privy to all tbefecret fajages and Par. 
tt:tt/arit;ct of (bat glorious Rcvaiution, Lend, 3c-;, 1680. 

Of E N G L A N D. 9 

ral's firft Declaration of his Intentions to march for 
London, and reftore the late Fag-End of the Long 
Parliament to their former Seats and Power. i 

This Author acquaints us, * That the firft Step 
the General took after his advancing from Dalkeitb 
to Edinburgh, and reforming the Officers there, was He a( j vaBees to 
to fend out a Party of Horfe to fecure Berwick ; Edinburgh, and 
which came but juft in Time to perform that Ser- fendj f & i2e 
vice, for Col. Gobbet^ fent from Lambert to feize 
that Place, entered the Town a few Hours after ; 
but was himfelf feized on and fent to the General, 
who committed him Frifoner to Edinburgh Caftle.' 

Our Author remarks on this, ' That, had not the 
General been quick in fruftrating Lambert's Inten- 
tions, 'tis probable Cobbet both would and could 
have fent him to the fame Place. But now hionke^ 
having fecured this important Fortrefs, with Edin- 
burgh , and fome other Strong- holds in Scotland, 
prepared, in Earneft, to march for England. 

4 But, not to be more hafty in his March than 
Prudence would admit of, and having now fome 
Ground to ftand on, he difpatched away the three 
Letters directed to Lieutenant-General Fleetwood^ 
Major-General Lambert^ and Mr. Lenthall, the late 
Speaker [before given], in all of which was fignified 
his Refolution to reftore the Laws and Liberties; 
which Expreffion was conftrued in a larger Senfe 
than, adds our Author, might firft have been intend- 
ed. The Arrival of thefe Letters in London begot fome 
faint Hopes in the Rumpers of a fecond Reftoration 
to their Power ; but, adds our Author, mightily fur- 
prized the Army Grandees, who neither expected 
iuch an Oppofition, nor could they well believe it, 
it being fo diredtly contrary to the Intereft of any 
Part of the Army to divide againft the reft. But 
they were, very foon after, undeceived in this ; and 
Lambert fent out towards the North to take upon 
him his Command, which was ftill under Fleetwood^ 
though it was thought that, had Succefs anfwered 
his Ambition, the Soldiery would, without much 
Difficulty, have created Lambert Dictator in the 
Field : For the true $tate of the Queftion was, then, 


io The Parliamentary HIST ORY 

Irter-regnum. Whether a third Prote&or, or the old Parliament 

1659. again. 

*"T V ^"~ 1 ' ' In the mean while Monke kept firm to his Pur- 
' pofe, though he met with great Difcouragements at 
firft. The Letters he wrote to the Army in Ireland, 
to the Officers of the Navy, and to fome particular 
Garrifons in England, had no fatisfactory Anfwers 
given to any of them ; though another Letter, ad- 
dreffed to the City of London, met with better Fate ; 
the Citizens were then about coming to their Senfes 
again* from which they had been fo long bewilder'd, 
and invited Monke to come up and ailiir. in the Caufe 
he had efpoufed.' This is Dr. Price 's Account ; 
but Whitlncke tells us, ' That when himfelf, Fleet- 
wood, Dejborough, and feveral Chief Officers of the 
Army, went to the Common Council of the City of 
London, and repreiented to them the Proceedings of 
Monke, and that the Bottom of his Defign was to 
bring in the King upon a new Civil War, {hewed 
the Danger of it to the City and Nation, and coun- 
felled them to provide for their own Safety, and 
that of the whole Commonwealth, by preserving 
Peace; the Common Council return'd them Thanks, 
and faid they were relblved to follow their Advice.' 
Thefe three Speeches, fpoken as above, were 
printed at that Time in one lingle Pamphlet ', with- 
out any Notes upon them ; a Copy of which is 
amongft our numerous Collection of thefe Matters^ 
and which we ihall add in this Place : And rirft the 
Lord IVbitlockes Speech. 

My Lord, and worthy Gentlemen, 

fabithcle**, < rT">HE Committee of Safety, which are at pre- 

fcjJSfr.* A fent intruded with the Prefervation of the 

Speeches in Peace of this Commonwealth, are inform'd of feveral 

Guildhall, ton- Matters that relate particularly to the Peace of this 

City and Commonwealth: Some PafTages whereof 

were lately delivered, particularly to the Court of 

Aldermen: But other Matters fmce coming to their 

1 Intituled, Three Speeches made to the Right Honourable the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Common .Council of London, by the Lord .Whk r 
locke, Lord Fleetwood, and Lcr^Dclborough, at Guildhall 1 , ' Tuef- 
day, No/ 8, 1659 -- London, frir.ted in the Tear 1659. 


Knowledge, they thought it requifite to conlmimi- Interregnum 
cate it to the Reprefentative of this honourable and 1659- 
worthy City for their Advice, and to fhew the Af- t - L|J ~*'~ J 
fe&ions they particularly have thereunto, which 1 0> ' "*' 
ftuill impart with P'ainnefs^ 

4 I fhall fay nothing in Commendation of that 
Blefling, Peace, which you all know, being fenfible 
of the Calamities and Troubles of a Civil W'ar. 
You were once pleafed to make ufe of the Army$ 
and with Thankfulnefs acknowledge the Good and 
Benefit received by them i and this honourable City 
contributed to that Work, for refcuing of their Li- 
berties, as Men and Chriftians. It pleafed God to 
give us Peace ; but the old Enemy, when he could 
not appear in his own Strength, fought then, by 
Difguife aftd underhand Means, to interrupt it. 
Thelnfuneclicn of Sir George Baotb pretended fpe- 
cious Matters, which are fince made plain, and their 
Intentions difcovered, which were only to reduce us 
to Slavery under Tyranny ; but they were lately 
defeated : Now others are fprung up of the like Na- 
ture. The Rancour of the old Enemy is fuch, 
that he ufeth all Means imaginable to interrupt 
our Peace, and particularly in the City, knowing 
the Greatnefs, Populoufnefs, and Wealth of it. 
All of you may be fenfible of the great Calami- 
ties that will follow if your Peace be diiturb'd, 
which hitherto hath been preferved, and you have 
been free from Als of Hoilility. I (hall propound 
fomewhat for Prevention : What Man of fober Prin- 
ciples, or fearing God, will hazard his Peace upon 
fpecious groundlefs Pretences? In Sir George Booth's 
Buiinefs there was a Defign to caufe a Rifing in the 
City; that, upon aDivihon among yourfelves, Men 
of defperate Fortunes, joining with your Enemies, 
might have the Rifling of your City. As it was 
their chief Defign to raife Divifion, fo the fame is 
now on Foot ; the Committee of Safety have Intel- 
ligence to that Purpofe ; but, alas ! thofe happy 
Days and Bleflings we have received have not been 
fo improved by us, that we fhould have any Hope 
of the Continuance of that Ulefiing, Peace. 


12 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

fcter-regnum. ' It is evident, by Letters taken from private 
1659. Meflengers, that General Monke did fend to feve- 
* "V -^ ral Parties to rife at this Time, and that in this 
' City he fliould have a Party to declare for him ; 
but if it (hould pleafe God that fuch a Thing mould 
be, the dreadful Confequences thereof are inex- 
prefiible. The Committee defires you would take 
Care of the Prefervation of the Peace and Safety 
of the City, wherein the Safety of the Common- 
wealth is greatly concerned ; you have been fuffi- 
ciently informed of the Mifery that follows fuch 
Difturbances. There is nothing that concerns the 
Committee fhall be omitted, but that they will con- 
tribute the utmoft of their Endeavours to prevent 
fuch Difturbances, and are refolved not willingly to 
be deficient in what they may do for the Preferva- 
tion of your Peace and Safety ; for they have a par- 
ticular Refpecl: and Affection to this worthy City, 
and defire, where any Ground or Occafion is given 
of DifTention, it may be laid afide ; and whatever 
People may cenfure of what is paft, let us look for- 
ward, and it will be made appear that their Aim is, 
that Magiftracy and a godly Miniftry may be encou- 
raged and fupported. The Committee therefore 
defire, that you would take efpecial Care to forbid 
any Meetings that tend to the fetting on Foot the 
Defign of the Enemy. 

' There were feveral Letters from the North read 
Yefterday, which certify, That thofe which are 
coming in hoftile Manner thought to have taken 
Newcaftle^ but were prevented. A diligent Care is 
taken about thefe Things in other Places. I will 
only inftance that of a Divine, That where a great 
City is divided, great Miferies may be expected ; 
therefore hazard not your Safety, whatever fpecious 
Pretences may be offered to you. 

' I defire that thefe Things may be taken into 
Confideration, and that you would not be wanting 
to the Caufe and your own Safety, which you have 
fo long owned.' 


Of E N G L A N D. 13 

Then the Lord Fleetwood fpoke as follows : Xnter-regmwi* 


E are once more to wait upon you, truly J6 59* 

with Defire and fincere Intentions, that *^ w ^! 


there may be a light Underftanding between thofe 
in Authority in this City, and the Armies of thefe 
Nations, as hath formerly been, and that they may 
fiill remain an united Body ; for the Common Enemy 
labours all he can to ruin and deftroy both ; and 
their only Means to accomplifh their Defign is 
Divifion ; and there is nothing fo much as that can 
difunite old Friends. 

* The City and Army had once the Happinefs to 
efteem one another as Friends ; but now if any 
thing give Occafion of Diftruft, it will prejudice 
the Caufe. You know this poor Army the Lord 
hath been pleafed to mak ufe of as an Inftrument 
to preferve our Peace, fo often attempted againft : 
And we fhould render ourfelves to be unworthy of 
the Name of Friends, if we fhould feck ourfelves, 
and not the Good of this poor Nation, and to get 
Rule and Dominion to ourfelves, and fland not to. 
our Principles. Thefe Things are frequent Dif- 
courfes ; but if we had that Guilt which is caft 
upon us, we would not appear in fo Honourable an 
Aflembly. I dare fay our Defign is God's Glory :' 
We have gone in untrodden Paths, but God hath 
led us into Ways, which, if we Jcnow our own 
Hearts, we have no bafe or unworthy Defign in. 
Turnings and Changes are not pleafmg to us ; we 
have a Love to this Caufe, and God hath blefs'd us 
in it. It may appear that we have no Defign to rule 
over others ; we have been raifed and preferred *a 
this Day upon common Account, and that your 
and our Liberty may not be violated, although we 
.have been cenfured, it hath been the Defign of our 
Hearts, if we appear defigning, to be no other than 
for the Good of this Nation. We (hall not want 
Enemies; but God will fight with us ; jet our 
Friends bear with us and obferve the Event. 

4 Nothing hath been more dear to us, than when 
God hath appeared to us to continue Friendfhip and 


$4 Tfo Parliamentary HISTORY 

Peace, that fo we may be helpful one to another. 
Our Enemies know the City hath more Love to 
this Caufe, than to comply with their fpecious Pre- 
tences. And whereas it is laid to our Charge, that 
we are Enemies to Parliaments ; God he knows 
our Defign is to preferve the Ends of all Parlia- 
ments and Authority ; and, we hope, fhall never 
appear to take away the Rights we have fo long 
con tended, for.. The great End of the Common 
Enemy is to ruin the City ; yet, by the Help of 
God, we {ball ftudy your Prefervation. We hope 
that there may be a right Underftanding betwixt the 
Forces in the Northern Expedition ; it (hall not be 
wanting in us that the fame may fo be. Altho* 
it is our Portion that we cannot be more odious to 
our Friends than we are rendered, concerning the 
Nation's Peace, yet there fhall he nothing wanting 
in us for the Settlement thereof: I would not have 
you to believe us fo unworthy Perlbns, for we have, 
no Defign, but that Peace, Holinefs, snd Juftice, 
jnay proiper in this City and Nation.' 

Laftly, the Lord Dejborougb made the- following 
gpeech : 

> TT Was unwilling to fpeak any Thing, fo much 
JL having been ipoken by thofe Honpurabje Per- 
fpns; butifomewhat I rnuft fpeak in relation to what 
was hinted, and touching the Commands .of the 
Committee of Safety 2 A great Senfe there is upon 
the Committee of the Difficulties thia Nation ftrug- 
gles under, which are the greater, becaufe the 
Compon Enemy is in Forwardnefs to a Birth, and 
Bringing-forth. It.ia the Duty of aU Men, as Chri- 
ilians and as Englijhmen^ to value Peace the greateft 
of outward Enjoyments ; what I faid may be looked 
upon as {trance, from one brought up for feverai 
Years in martial Affairs ; it being conceived of us, 
as of fome in the Beginning of thefe Troubles, that 
they feared nothing more than that the Wars wouJ.4'- 
cnd too foon ; it was the W r ickednefs f f thofe Men 
that .had fuQh .Principles, rather to. eiatify filthy 



Lufts in their Hearts, than for any Good to the Inter-regnum. 
Commonwealth. l6 59- 

' I hope I may fay of the Generality of the Of- jT""" V T""* 
ficers intruded in this Nation, that there is no out- 
ward Thing more defired by them, than to live to 
fee thofe biefled Foundations laid, fa as to focure 
the Civil and Spiritual Rights of this Nation ; nor is 
there any greater Dread in them thereof, (notwith- 
ftanding t;hat Blood-fhed and Expence they have 
undergone) than that they (hall not fee a Settlement; 
yet we hope in God, in Defpight of the Cunning of 
Men, we fhall fee fuch a blefied Peace, as the In- 
habitants of this Nation may blefs his Name. 

* There is none ignorant that there are not want- 
ing Men, who, on various Accounts, make it thei* 
Bufmefs'to hinder this fo good a Work ; and their 
Defign is to oppofe or interrupt a Work the Pro- 
vidence of God is carrying on, to accomplifli their 

4 It is a Mercy, whatever others judge, God hath 
borne us Witnefs, that we have not falfified that 
Truft which hath been repofed in our Hands. Our 
Difficulties have been fuch, that the Wealth of 
the City mould not hire us to undergo them a Year 
longer ; but we may fay, we are not without a Mif- 

Some fay we are fetting up Sectaries, this Party 
and that Party ; but if we have Guile in.our Hearts, 
and have not a Love to the godly People of thi$ 
Nation, yea, to all the People, God will find u$ 
out. God hath biefled fome of us with a Spirit of 
Integrity, and there is nothing upon our Hearts 
but the Good of the Whole. 

' There is a two-fold Party in this Common^ 
wealth, whom God hath again and again mada 
bow down before bis People, yet are ftill labouring 
to heighten their Spirits ; we have not made them 
Slaves, (which in fome Places is pralifed in the like 
Cafe) nor is it upon our Spirits fo to do ; yet I think 
it our Duty not to fuffer them to give Laws to us, 
if God gives us Leave to prevent it ; and tho' we 
have it not in our Hearts to do any Thing todiftin- 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum, guifli, yet we are refolved never to put our Hands 

|* under the Feet of thofe we have vanquiftied. 
NcvcnJberT ' Some fay we (hall not have Seitlement till the 
old Family comes in, vhich if it mould enter intd 
any of our Hearts, we fhould be like the Dog re- 
turning to his Vomit, and the Sow to her wallow- 
ing in the Mire. 

' Many, by the AdTings of the Army, by a for* 
cible Providence they have been put upon, may 
think we go about to do fomething unworthy to this 
'Nation. This Army hath been blefled feventeen 
Years wonderfully, we have not gone about to 
make ourfelves great, or Matters of what is our 
Neighbours, but that which the Power in Being 
bath allowed us. 

* Some give out as if we were returning to a 
Single Perfon, and intended to debafe Magittracy, 
jind trample down Miniftry ; but God will bear us 
Witnefs to the contrary : The Truth of it is, we 
are fo far from undervaluing of a Government, that 
we always thought a bad one with Peace, better 
than none at all; 

' If Peace be a great and choice Bleffing to be 
valued by all, we defire that you, with us, will 
take Care to preferve it ; we come not to court you, 
but only to let you know we have no Defign in it.j 
it was no prepared Bufmefs : That of difiblving the 
Parliament, we hope that God flood by us in it$ 
jiotwithftanding there hath been many gloomy Days 
fmce. The Strength of an Army is the Unity of 
it, and it will be your Safety and Advantage to keep 
Unity ; A City divided cannot lland : You will not 
want Affiftance from the Army, jf Interruptions 
come in this Place, whatever Calamities may be 
elfewhere, they .will not be fo great here. Your 
intereft as Chriftians, your Religion, your !Eftates> 
are great Engagements to preferve Peace. 

' The Defire of the Army is to preferve the 
Peace ; if you go .about, or others countenanced, 
t>y you, to difturb it, an .Inconvenience may fall 
upon you; ; but our Defire is, you would not fling 
Dirt p# the Army > but as jpu fee the lilue of their 


Actions, fo to judge of them. Many Opinions may inter-regnuia, 
run touching our dark Actions in the late Altera- 1659- 
tion and Difturbance. As to the firft, it is evident * ~- J 
they had no Defign of their own ; and in the laft, 
if they would have complied with a few Men to fet 
them up, they needed not to have wanted Refpefc, 
It is faid it was only to keep eight or nine in their 
Places ; it is very well known fome of us have 
laboured an Opportunity to be quit of our Com- 
mands ; now it is my Defire that you would follow 
after Peace, and meddle not with Affairs beyond 
your Spheres ; follow Peace and Holinefs, and the 
God of Peace will blefs you.' 

By this Time feveral Letters had patted to and Mo*** agrees > 

fro, between the Committee of Safety and General a Treat /' which 
TI /r i -ti in -r-> i i- comes to no - 

Monke; till, at laft, a Treaty was agreed on to fettle thing. 

Matters on a better Bads. Monke named and fent 
but three of his own Officers as Commiffioners to 
treat, who were to meet as many of Fleet-wood's at 
London. Monkis Commiffioners coming to York, 
met Lambert's there; and fo far fatisfied him, fays 
Whitlocke, of Mcnke's Intentions for Peace, that 
Lambert fent Orders to flop his Forces from march- 
ing further Northward. But this is different from 
what Dr. Price writes, who tells us, * That Lam- 
bert made all the Hafte he could Northward, 
with what Forces could be fpared at home ; and 
taking in more, which lay conveniently for him in 
the Country, after the Defeat of Sir George Booth * 
he arrived at Newcaftle in November* with an Army 
of about 12,000 Men; wherein were, as it was 
reported, adds the Doctor, 7000 of the chiefeft 
Cavalry. Infomuch that a Meflenger from the 
Committee of Safety, fent to found Monke's Inten- 
tions, told fome of his Army, in the Doctor's 
Hearing, That the Lord Lambert was coming upon 
them, and that all Monke's Army would not be 
enough for a Breakfaft for them : To which he had 
a fmart Anfwer returned, That Lambert had a very 
good Stomach this cold Weather, if he could eat 
Pikes and fwallow gullets.* 

Voi. XXIL The% 

1 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Thefe Commiflioners from Gen. Monke brought 
with, them the following Letter to Fleetwood: m 

To Ms Excellency the Lord FLEET WOOD, 

My Lord ', Edinburgh ^ Nov. 3, 1659. 

* A FTER I had anfwered the Letter your 

' JL\. Lordfhip did me the Favour to Tend me by 

' Col. Talbot) I received another from your Lord- 

* fliip, of the 2gth of Oftdber^ wherein your Lordftiip 
' is pleafed to exprefs much of your Lordfhip's Affec- 
' tion and Friendfhip to me, for which I fhall ever 
' acknowledge myfelf engaged to you ; but, truly, 

* I muft affure your Lordfhip, no perfonal Difcou- 
' ragements, altho' I have had my Share of them, 

* have induced me to the JufHfication I make of the 
' Parliament's Authority, but the Tie of Duty to 

* which I am in my Conscience obliged ; and I fhall 
' be heartily forry if your Lordfhip makes any other 
4 Interpretation of it, for your Lordfhip knows my 
' Command has been offered often up to thofe that 
' had Power to place it better. 

' We are all, I blefs the Lord, very unanimous 
' here; and, I am confident, when the Gentlemen 
' we fend from hence have given your Lordfhip a 

* true Underftanding of our Actions, you will not 
' have fo fevere an Opinion of them, as you feern 

* to have in your late Letters. The Perfons Names 
< are Col. Wilkes, Lieut. Col. Clobry> and Major 

* Knight, all well known to yourLordmip ; to whom 
' I befeech your Lordfhip to give Credit in what they 
e (hall propofe from the Army here ; and I befeech 
' you to believe I am ftill, with a fincere Heart, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhlp's 

Very bumble Servant, 



n This we give from a Pamphlet of thefe Times, intituled, A t rue 
Narrative of the Proceedings in Parliament, Council of State, General 
Council of the Army, and Committee of Safety, from the lid of Sep- 
tember untill tbit prefent Time. London, printed by John Red- 

Xiayne, in LtvoTs-Ceurt, in Pater-nifier-MW, 1659, 

O/* ENGLAND. 19 

The Treaty being begun at London, by Com- inter-regnusn. 
imiffioners on both Sides, it was agreed by them, l6 59 

' Tha r a Committee of nineteen fhould be appoint- T""""* V T 

J V - * t * * i r i November. 

ed, five for England, not Members of the Army, 

and five for Scotland ; the reft, for all the Three 
Nations, were to be Officers of the Army : Thefe 
were to determine of the Qualifications of Mem* 
bers of Parliament. That two Field-Officers of 
every Regiment, one Commiffion- Officer of every 
Garrifon, and ten Officers of the Fleet, ftiould 
meet as a General Council, to advife touching the 
Form of Government.' Thefe Articles were ac- 
tually agreed to by the Commiffioners on both Sides, 
and a Copy of them fent away to Monke for his Ra- 

But what had like to have proved the Rum ot 
all the Scheme, as Dr. Price obferves, ended in 
the Ruin of others ; for, all the Time this Treaty 
was fubfifting, Monke was going on in new model- 
ling his Army, turning out fufpe&ed Officers, and 
bringing the whole Corps over entirely to his De- 
votion. Though there were not wanting others 
in London, who advifed, in the Committee of Safe- 
ty, to write to Lambert to advance with all his 
Forces fpeedily to Monke, and attack him before he 
was better provided ; for they began now to fufpe<5t 
the Reality of Monke's Intentions, fays IVhttlocke^ 
and believed rather that he only fought Delays ; 
both Armies lying inactive, one at Newcq/lle and 
the other at Edinburgh, all this Time, without, 
feemingly, doing any thing to the Purpofe. 

About the Middle of this Month, General Monke He calls a Con- 
thought fit to call a Convention of the Eftates invention of 
Scotland, to meet at Edinburgh ; where he Wi^'tt^-forT* 
fore them the Grounds of his Quarrel, requiring 3 
their peaceable Deportment during his Abfence, 
and the Payment of what they were in Arrear to 
him for his Army ; he having, on the Account of 
the Poverty of their Country, foreborne them long. 
This Requeft they readiiy complied with ; but when 
B 2 thr* 

2O The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. the Scots moved to have Arms allowed them t 
defend themfelves againft Lambert^ and others, in 
his Abfence, he would not grant it, as being too 
early and dangerous a Step, becaufe his own Men 
were not to be difobliged : Befides, the two Ar- 
mies were not yet fo far exafperated as to force 
him, in Defpair, to take in thofe who were Enemies 
to both. This was a refined Piece of Policy, and 
fropp'd the Mouths (fays Dr. Price) of the Gene- 
ral's invidious Adverfaries, who were wont to be 
continually prating, as if the Scots Nation would 
foori be in Arms againft them, were they once left 
to themfelves. 

In the mean while the Committee at Wallingford- 
Houfe^ as they are often called, were driven to great 
Straits ; their Finances were very low, and no 
Means left to raife more, but by the Sword ; their 
Army, therefore, muft be foon unpaid, and left to 
Free- Quarter; which Sort of Guefts could not be 
endured long, The late dilbanded Parliament, as 
if they forefaw their Doom, had pafled an Al to 
make it High Treafon to levy Money without the 
Confent of Parliament ; by which they were en- 
tirely cut out from raifing any, but by arbitrary 
Proceedings ; which they durft not attempt, for 
fear, in thefe dangerous Times, of difobliging the 
whole Nation. 

On the other Hand, Msnke had got pretty good 
Supplies in Scotland, enough to encourage his Men 
to proceed, and feekfor better Quarters in the South; 
but the Time of their marching thither he purpofely 
delayed, for his Bufinefs was to protract it as much 
as poffible; which Lambert's Inactivity at Neivcajlle him great Scope to do. It was certainly this 
eneral's Bufinefs to advance and fallupon Monke 
without Delay; but there he loitered, deftitute 
both of Money and Authority, when fudden Action 
was his only true Intereft. But (fays the Doctor) 
it was the Almighty's good Time to difappoint the 
Strong, to infatuate their Councils, and to fow 
Scads of Strife and Divifion amongft them. 



Monks having now had Time to new-model his inter-regnum. 
Army to his own Mind, began his March towards . 1659. 
England, and came to Berwick about the 20th of V"" '"" ** 
this Month, tho' the News of his fetting forward Deccmber - 
did not reach London till the 28th. He had found And advances 
Means to break the Treaty of Pacification, then on towards England 
foot, by defiring fame Articles of it to be further v;ith his Army. 
explained, and abfolutely refufing to ratify fome 
others. But ftill he fet forward with mighty Pro- 
teftations of his adhering firmly to the Intereft of 
the Parliament, as it fat the I ith of Qttober laft, 
when Lambert turned them out of Doors. He; 
alfo wrote Letters to Fleet-wood, full of Compli- 
ments and Expreffions of his earneft Defire of a 
fpeedy Settlement of the prefent Differences : And 
becaufe he perceived in the Agreement, figned by 
Fleetwood, that there were fome Things remaining 
untreated of, and unagreed upon, it was the Refolu- 
tion of him and his Officers to add two more to the 
Number, to have Conference with the like Number 
to be appointed here, to put a final End to the Bu- 
fmefs, which he defired might be as foon as pof- 

* Upon Confederation of this Letter, fome of the 
Committee of Safety declared their Opinions, That 
this was only a Delay in Monke to gain Time, and 
be the better prepared for his Defign to bring in the 
King, and to bring the Army here and their Party 
into more Straits for want of Pay, which he had got 
for his Forces : And therefore advifed to fall upon 
Monke prefently, to bring the Matter to an Ifiue, 
before his Soldiers were more confirmed, and Fleet- 
wood 's Party difcouraged. But this Advice was not 
taken, but a new Treaty confented to by Commif- 
fioners on each Part to be at Newcaflle* 

December. But to leave thefe foolifli Treaties, 
\vhich were never defigned for any thing but to 
amufe, the General marched, his Army from Ber- 
vj-ick to Coldjiream and Kelfo ; and here they fixed 
for fome Time, in Expectation of Events : What 
Lambert^ what the excluded Parliament, and what 
B 3 the 

22 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

inter-regnum. the concealed Lord Fairfax would do, who lay 
1659- darking in and about York, and Nobody knew what 

t- ^ w *J to ma ke of him. ' And now (fays Dr. Price) we 
December, OU ght in Paper, by fending and receiving Meflages, 
laying aftde Powder and Shot, as dangerous Things, 
and not fit to be employed againft Brethren : Yet 
we were not fo carelefs as to neglect our own Se- 
curity ; for had Lambert marched againft us thro* 
the Snows, he would have found a Battalion of 
Horfe and Foot, commanded by Col. Morgan^ 
drawn up ready to receive him. 

* In this Situation we were, (adds the Doctor) 
when very comfortable News throng'd in upon us ; 
as, That the growing Party in the Irijh Army had 
declared for us, and were ready to lend us Afiift- 
ance ; that Portfmouth had opened her Gates to 
Hafilrigge, Morley, and Walton, three of the late Par- 
liament's Commiffioners for governing the Army ; 
Col. Wetbam, the Governor of it, did this, as weli 
in Refpecl to the General, as his Duty to the Par- 
liament ; that the Fleet under Lawjon had owned 
Monkc's Quarrel againft the Army ; and that the 
dark Lord Fairfax had at laft unveiled himfelf, had 
raifed Men, and was to fall upon Lambert's Rear, 
fhould he advance againft Mcnke's Army ; affuring 
us, That, whatever came on it, he would not fail 
being ready to affift us by the Fh ft of January next j 
which he performed better than his Word. 

' The Stream of this good News did not hinder the 
General from continuing his wonted Care of keep- 
ing a good Guard ; it being now evident, That, 
within a few Days, Lambert muft either fight or tall. 
The Soldiers were much revived at thefe glad Ti- 
dings, and hoped foon to change their prefent cold 
Quarters for warmer and better Accommodations." 
Dr. Price, in his Narrative, here ftops to make a 
Reflection o f his own ; which, fince it lays open a 
Very private Scene between his General and him- 
felf, we fhall give it in his own Words ; fpeaking of 
the former good Account of Affairs, he adds, 

< As 

Of E N G L A N D. 23 

' As for myfelf, I muft confefs, that I was in- Inter-regnum. 
wardly difpleafed at thefe many favourable Expref- 1659. 
fes j as apprehending that this Name of a Parlia- ' -V"'-' 
ment would, by nominating and fhifting Commit December 
iloners for it, engage the Army fo much to their 
Devotion, and get fuch other Advantages of fixing 
their Oligarchy, that it would be no eafy Matter to 
difpoflefs them. With thefe foolifh Whimftes in 
my Head, I was refolved to fteal privately to the 
General, (who had caution'd me before- hand not 
to be feen to appear in thefe public Tranfaclions) 
and to do this, .1 knew between Midnight and the 
Morning to be the only Time : So between Two 
and Three o'Clock, by the Help of a Corporal, I 
came to his Chamber Door, found it only latched, 
the General in his Cloaths, his Head laid on the 
Side of the Bed, and his Body refting upon two 
Stools, or a Form, Fire and Candles being in the 
Room. He awakened at my fir ft Entrance ; I de- 
fired his Pardon, and he kindly gave Liberty of 
Speech. Upon my reprefenting to him what I 
judged to be his Intereft and Duty, that is to fay, 
the reftoring of our known Laws, (for I never ufed 
to fpeak in any other Terms) I cannot forget his 
Paffion and his Pofture : ' Mr. Price , faid he, I 
4 know your Meaning, and I have known it ; by the 
' Grace of God I will do it, if ever I can find it in my 

* Power, and I do not much doubt but that I fb.aH.' 
So clofing my Hands in both his-he lifted them up, 
and devoutly uttered, ' By God's Help I will do it.' 

' I then took the further Liberty to mind him of 
the Papers he had figned, to ftand to this Parliament 
as it fat the nth of Ottober^ and no other; and of 
feveral other Reftri&ions, which he had needlefly,- 
as I conceived, put upon himfelf. He anfwered me 
with fome Regret, ' You fee who are about me, and 

* write thefe Things : I muft not fhew any Diflike 

* of them ; I perceive they are jealous enough of me 
' already :' Bidding me not to look upon it as any 
Act of his. Having thus difcourfed him of divers 
Things which I thought might be for his Service, 
(he courteoufly allowing me the Freedom) I left 


24 *&> s "Parliamentary HISTORY 

him to his fhort Reft ; for he was to be early at 
Bufinefs. And thus I became further fatisfied at 
what Port he aimed ; however then and afterwards, 
December. ^.^ ^ WindSj he fteered hb Courfe< > 

Affairs now began to ripen very faft ; for, as foon 
as Monks perfectly underftood that there were like 
to be powerful Diverfions in the South ; that Hafel- 
rigge and his Party were a&ually in Poffeffion of 
Port/mouth^ and had given out Orders and were 
obeyed, he fuddenly turned the Tables upon Lam- 
bert, and fent him Word he fhould enter into no 
more Treaties with him, till he had confulted his 
Brethren at Pcrtfmouth, and obtained their Confent 
for it; Lambert^ by this, found he had been fooled 
all this while ; vented his Refentment againft Monke 
and his Officers, and imprifoned him who brought 
him the MefTage, Very foon after Lambert's fhort 
Reign was at an End ; he was difpofiefled of his 
Command, by Order of the Reftored Parliament, 
and fkulk'd away from ^ewcq/ile^ in Difguife, in 
order to fave himfelf. 

But, before that happened, the Committee of 
Safety kept their Seats, as ufual, and gave out Or- 
ders, though often perplexed with faucy Petitions ; 
particularly one from the City of London^ deftrisg 
to have fuch a Parliament as was in 1642; but 
this was laid afide, fays Whitlocke, as a Defign to 
bring in the Common Enemy. The General Coun- 
cil of the Officers of the Navy alfo petitioned them, 
That Writs might be ifiued out for a new Election 
of Parliament Men. But this Committee of Safety, 
anxious to continue their Power fafe to themfelves, 
had devifed and agreed to a Form of Government, 
which they hoped would pleafe every one : And 
this Scheme was contained in the following fhort 
Articles: That there be no Kingfhip ; no Single 
Perfon as Chief Magiftrate ; that an Army be con- 
tinued ; no Jmpofition upon Confcience ; no Houfe 
of Peers ; the Legiflativc and Executive Powers to 
be in diftincl Hands ; Parliaments to be elected by 
the People. Upon this laft Article the General 
Council of Officers, of the Armies and Fleet of 



the Three Nations, voted, That a Parliament be Inter-regn 
called before February next, to fit and ad according l6 59- 
to fuch Qualifications as are or {hall be agreed V ^jT~ >v T" 
upon, and may beft fecure the juft Rights, Liber- 
ties, and Privileges, both Civil and Religious, of 
the People of this Commonwealth V So that, by 
this laft Reftri&ion, the People were to chufe the 
Members of Parliament, not fuch as they liked 
themfelves, but fuch as were dictated to them by 
the Army. 

But all thefe fine-fpun Schemes and Forms of 
Government came to nothing ; a fuperior Hand 
was over the Directors of them, and turned all their 
Projects into Water : Nay, tho' the Officers of the 
Armies defired the Committee of Safety to iflfue out 
Writs for electing a new Parliament, to fit in Ja- 
nuary next, a (horter Date, and fome Writs, ft hit -^ 
locks tells us, he fealed himfelf ; yet Monkis pre- 
vailing Arguments got the better of all, and drove 
them like ChafF before the Wind. 

Indeed thefe might well be called Hurling Times ; 
a Term made ufe of fome Centuries ago, in the 
Courfe of this Work, on much the fame Occafion. 
No Quiet was enjoyed by any Party ; all were at 
Work, and the King's Party very active. Wh'itlocke 
tells us, ' That, now, every Man was guided by 
his own Fancy and Intereft ; thofe in Employment, 
or Power, moft obnoxious to Trouble ; that many 
wifhed themfelves out of thefe daily Hazards, but 
knew not how to get free of them, the Diftra&ions 
were fo ftrangely high, and daily increafmg.' 

To fliew the Reader what a Part our Memorialift 
acted in this Scene of Affairs, and how, like a 
hunted Fox, when the Cry came clofe upon him, 
he fkulk'd and fought about for Refuge, we (hall 
only fubjoin his own Words ; and truly, confider- 
ing the Character of this Man quite through thefe 
Troubles, and how ready he was ever to ferve the 
Side that was uppermoft, he may, in this Affair, be 
eafily believed. Speaking, as he always does in 

. the 

fc Wkit'.vckes Memoirs, p. 6.91. 

26 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-rcgnum. the fecond Perfon, of the prefent Diftra&ions, he 
l6 59- proceeds thus : 

December. t Thefe p affages perplexed Whitlocke, as Well 

as others, if not more, he all along fufpecting 
Monkis Defign. The Lord Wllloughby^ Alderman 
RobinfoHj Ad. G. Brown, Mr. Loe, and others, 
came to him, and confirmed his Sufpicion in this 

. r Particular : and propounded to him to go to Fleet- 

A Conference * i /- i r i c \ \ \ 

between Fleet- wood, and to advile him to lend forthwith to the 
uWand 0^/Y-King at Breda, to offer to bring him in upon good 
dboutbring- T d thereby to get before-hand with Monke, 

Ing in the King. ' . . . . < . . b . , . . T , . 

who queftionlefs did intend to bring in the King. 
Wbitlocke, upon ferious Thoughts of this, went to 
Fleetwood, and they had a long private Difcourfe 
together, wherein Whitlocke told him, ' That, by 
the Defire of his Brother, Sir William Fleetivood, 
and of the Lord Willoughby^ M. G. Brown, Alder- 
man Robinfon, Mr. Loe, and others, he was come 
to difcourfe freely with him about their prefent Con- 
dition, and what was fit to be done in fuch an Exi- 
gency as their Affairs were now in. That it was 
more than evident that Monkeys Defign was to 
bring in the King, and that without any Terms for 
the Parliament Party ; whereby all their Lives and 
Fortunes would be at the Mercy of the King and 
his Party, who were fufficiently enraged againft 
them, and in Need of repairing their broken For- 

' That the Inclinations of the Prefbyterian Party 
generally, and of many others, and of the City, and 
moft of the Parliament's old Friends, were the fame 
Way, and a great Part of the Soldiery : 

* And that thefe here were revolted from Fleet- 
wood, as thofe in the North under Lambert, and 
thofe at Portsmouth, and other Places : 

' That Monke would eafily delude Hafilrigge, 
and the reft of the old Parliament Men ; and that all 
the infenfed Lords and fecluded Members would 
be, and were, aclive in this Defign; fo thatWhit/oc&e 
laid, the Coming-in of the King was unavoidable, 
and that he thought, being that ruuft be, that it was 


Of E N G L A N D. 27 

more Prudence for Fleetwood and his Friends to be Inter-regnuna. 
the Inftruments of bringing him in, than to leave it 
to Monke : 

' That, by this Means, Fleetwood might make 
Terms with the King for the Prefervation of him- 
felf and his Friends, and of that Caufe, in a good 
Meafure, in which they had been engaged ; but if 
it were left to Monke^ they, and all that had been 
done, would be left to the Danger of Deftru&ion. 

' Whitlocke therefore propounded to Fleetwood to 
do one of thefe two Things, either to give Order 
for all his Forces to draw together, and nimfelf and 
his Friends to appear at the Head of them, and fee 
what Strength they could make that would ftand by 
them ; and accordingly to take further Refolutions 
if they found their Strength but fmall, as Whitlocke 
doubted ; then, with thofe few he had, to go to the 
Tower and take PofTeffion of it ; and to fend to the 
Mayor and Common Council of London^ that they 
would join with them to declare for a free Parlia-* 
ment ; which he thought the City would willingly 
do, and furnifti him with Money for his Soldiers, 
which would encreafe their Numbers. 

' Fleetwood afk'd IVhitlocke^ If he would go with 
him into the Field and to the Tower ? Wbitlocke 
faid he would. Fleetwood then afk'd, What was 
the other Way that he had to propound to him in 
this Exigency ? Wbitlocke anfwered, It was this : 

' That Fleetwood fhould immediately fend away 
fome Perfon of Tru-ft to the King at Breda^ to offer 
to him his and his Friends Service to the reftoringof 
the King to his Right, and that upon fuch Terms as 
the King fhould agree upon : And, for this Purpofe, 
to give Inftru&ions to the Party whom Fleetwood 
fhould fend upon this Affair. 

' Fleetwood then afk'd Wbitlocke, If he would be 
willing to go himfelf upon this Employment? Who 
anfwered, That he would go, if Fleetwood thought 
good to fend him. And, after much other Dif- 
courfe to this Effect, Fleetwood feemed fully fatis- 
iied to fend Whitlocke to the King, and defired 
Whithcke to go and prepare himfelf forthwith for 


a8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter- regnum. the Journey : And that, in the mean Time, Fleet- 

l6 5fr wood and his Friends would prepare the Inftrudioris 

PeTmb"r ^ Of k* m ' ^ *^ at ^ e "^g^t begin h' 8 J ourr t e y this 

Evening, or 7\>morrow Morning early. 

' Whitlocke^ going away from Fleetwood, met 
Vane, Dejborough, and Bury in the next Room, 
coming to fpealc with Fleetwood, who thereupon 
defired Whitlocke to ftay a little j and Whitlocke 
fufpe&ed what would be the IfTue of their Conful- 
tation : And within a Quarter of an Hour Fleetwood 
came to Whitlocke^ and, in much Paflion, faid to him 3 

* I cannot do it, I cannot do it.' Whitlocke defirecj 
his Reafons why he could not do it ? He anfwered, 

* Thefe Gentlemen have remembered me, and it 

* is true, that I am engaged not to do any fuch 

* Thing without my Lord Lambert's Confent.' 

* Whitlocke replied, ' That Lambert was at too 
great a Diftance to have his Confent to this Bufi- 
nefs, which mufl be inftantly ated.' 

' Fleetwood again faid, ' I cannot do it without 

* him.' Then Wklthcke faid, ' You will ruin your- 

* felf and your Friends.' He faid, * I cannot help it.' 
Then Whitlocke told him, He muft take his Leave ; 
and {b they parted.* 

But to go on with more material Affairs, and 
leave this Weathercock, for a while, to fhift about 
with the Wind : The daily Revolts from this new- 
erected Council made them forefee their own De- 
ftru&ion, if they flood in the Gap any longer, and 
hindered the Parliament from refuming their old 
Seats in the Houfe. Accordingly, 

The Parliament This Day, December 26, the Speaker, and 
ecftored. Members of Parliament then in Town, met at 

Whitehall, from whence they proceeded to the Par- 
liament Houfe, on Foot -, thofe very Soldiers fhout- 
ing as they now pafs'd by, who, but a little more 
than two Months ago, by Force fliut them out of 
the Houfe. 

The late tlifcarded Members having re-aflumed 
their Seats and Power, we find their Journals begin 


again, and proceed without the leaft Notice being 

taken of the Interruption in them. We fhall there- 

fore abftracl: from thence whatever feems to the Pur- 

pofe, and explain it by, and conned it with, the : ecen "* r * 

Hiftories of the Times afterwards. 

But before we enter on the Proceedings of this 
other Seflion, of what we (hall now call a Parlia- 
ment, tho' it was compofed of no more than the 
fame Number, and the fame identical Perfons that 
fat laft, we (hall give our Readers an Account of 
another Pufh Mr. Prynne and his Colleagues made 
to get into the Houfe, and fit among them. He 
tells us, That when Lenthall^ their Speaker, with 
the other Members, found that they might have 
Leave, from their Matters, to meet again, they 
affembled at Whitehall juft fo many as to make a 
Houfe : And late in the Evening, on December 26, 
marched from thence, by Torch and Candle-light, 
through Channel-Row^ to the Parliament Houfe* 
There they fat a good while, he fays, and made 
fome Orders about the Army to raife Money for 
them, and then adjourned till next Morning. But 
the reft of this Affair take in Mr. Prynne's own 
Words : 

On Tuefday Morning, the 2yth of December, p^ww's fecohd 
they made Hafte early to the Houie, whereof, and Account of his 
of the former Night's Praaice, fome faithful Mem-^ n e. refufed . 
bers of the Houfe (now eleven Years fecluded by^e ST.' M 
Force) having Notice, as many of them as could 
fuddenly get together, judged it their Duty (now that 
the Houfe feemed, by an admirable Providence of 
God, to be delivered from that Force and Bondage 
they had been under fo many Years) to attend the 
Discharge of their Truft for their Country, and con- 
tribute their beft Afliftance and Advice for filling of 
the Houfe, that, by full and free Councils, the fad 
Breaches of thefe Nations might be made up, and 
our Foundations fettled. In purfuance of this their 


* From another Pamphlet of Prynre^s, with a very long Title, ar 
ufual, though Jxe calls it only A brief Narrati-vc, &c. printed for /.'. 
3"tnmas t at the /Uem aad Eve t Little -Jirittin, 1659. 




$o The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Refolution, there went to the Houfe the Perfons 

following, viz. 

Sir Gilbert Gerard, Mr. William Prynne 

Sir William Waller, 

John Crew, Efq; 

Arthur Anne/ley, Efq; 

Serjeant Maynard, 

Mr. Nathaniel Stephens, 

Mr. Richard Knightly, 

Sir Anthony Irby, 

Sir "John Evelyn, of Surry, 
Serjeant Waller, 
Col. ^, 
Mr. John Nelthorp 9 
Sir ^^ Temple, 

Mr. Povey, 

Mr. Henry Hungerford, 

Sir .fo^rf jpy, 

Mr. Qwfield, 

Mr. Charles Pym, 

Col. Lloydy and 

Mr. P* ; 

Mr. Francis Bacon, com- 
ing alone to demand 
his Right, was excluded 
before they came. 

* Being come to the Lobby Door, through a Guard 
of Soldiers that were upon the Stairs, we knocked 
for Admittance ; but the Door-keeper having opened 
the Door, and feeing us there, (hut it again, telling 
Ms,That he had Orders to keep all the feduded Members 
cut: We demanded, From whom? he laid, From 
the Houfe ; yet two of us that were neareft the Door 
overcame him with Reafon to let us into the Lobby ; 
with which thofe that guarded the Houfe Door be- 
ing, it feems, alarmed, (for, by the whole Carriage 
of the Bufmefs, it was apparent they expected we 
would, as heretofore, continue our Claim in the 
People's Behalf) cried out aloud, Cooper^ (which 
was the Name of the outward Door-keeper) Keep 
cloje the Door, the Houfe hath ordered that none 
cf them Jhould be Buffered to come in, and will be 
very angry if you admit any of them ; whereupon he 
kept out all the reft, dofmg the Door often upon 
them ftrivtng for Entrance, when others palled in or 
out. But thofe who had already got in exprefTed 
a great Refentment of this continued Force upon- 
the Houfe, demanding If there were any there who 
could produce any Warrant for what was done? 
And telling the Guards and Officers there, That it 
was flrange Ufage to the Members of the Houfe, to deny 
them this Privilege of Entrance into the Lobby \ wber: 
the very Fectmen and others were freely admitttd j and 


Of E N G L A N D. 31 

btw there were fame antient Members without, viz. Sir Inter-regftumt 
Gilbert Gerard, Mr. Crew, Mr. Stephens, Sir Wil- l6 59- 
liam Waller, and other 's, who could not bear the Croud ^^TT"^ 
upon the Stairs, and that we liked their Company fo 
much better than what we found within, that, unlefs 
all were admitted, we and the People took fufficient 
Notice of the Farce and Affront, and would be gone. 
Yet afked firft for the Officers that commanded the 
Guard, who were pretended to have Orders for this 
Force, viz. Col. Okey and Col. Alured ; who, being 
really at Hand, were prefently brought to us. They 
defiring us to be civil, and make no Difturbance at 
the Door : We replied, We came thither in a civil 
and peaceable Manner to claim our Rights, and dif- 
charge our Trujls for our Country ; and they were 
very uncivil towards us, and made the Difturbance y 
by ft -eluding us forcibly, againjt their Trujls and Du- 
ties, not only out of the Houfe, but Lobby too, free 
for all others but Members, whofe Privileges were 
reduced to fuch a low Ebb, as not to enjoy the Right 
cf the meane/t Commoner. After thefe Expoftula- 
ttons, they were fo far convinced of our rude Enter- 
tainment, that Col. Alured caufed the Door to be 
opened, and let the reft of us into the Lobby. Our 
next Attempt was to get into the Houfe ; but then 
the faid Colonels defired us to forbear. We afk'd, 
By what Warrant they kept us out whom they knew 
to be Members, they having fworn Obedience to the 
Parliament? They replied, They had Orders for 
what they did. We defired a Sight of them, and we 
would retire and trouble them no further. Col. 
Alured faid, That their Order was not about them ; 
but fome others, and one Hage, by Name, faid, 
They had verbal Orders to keep us out. At length 
Col. Alured told us, If we would reft ourselves in the 
inner Lobby, he would, by the Serjeant, acquaint the 
Houfe of our Coming, and Demand of Admittance ; 
and accordingly he went prefently to the Houfe 
Door, and knocking, the Serjeant came to the Door 
to him ; but at the opening of it, feeing fome of us 
there offering to come in, held the Door almoft 
fhut; whereupon Col. Alured told him, That the 


32 Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. Members were come^ and endeavoured to get into ike 

l6 S9- Houfe, defiring him to acquaint the Speaker and 

^ ~~ v- "^ Houfe fo much, (as fome of the Members did alfo) 

itecem er. w hi cn ne promifed, and immediately did, returning 

to the Door to tell us, Thai be had done fo, and that 

the Houje had thereupon taken tip the Debate of that 

Bufmefs ; and the Turnkey prcfently took the Key 

out of the Door, to prevent any further Attempt of 

going in. Col, Ingoldfby, whilft we were at the 

firftDoor,came in, who was the only fitting Member 

that we faw, for none came out whilft we were there : 

Him we defired to acquaint the Houfe with our 

Attendance, and the Force upon us, which he pro- 

niifed to do, and we believe did. 

* Having attended above an Hour, with more 
Diftance and Strangenefs than ever we were ufed 
to when we went on MefTages to the Lords Houfe, 
who ufually came many of them out, and difcourfed 
Very familiarly with usj whereas not one of thefe 
felf-made Lordiings (whether out of Pride, Guilt, 
or both, let others judge) vouchfafed to come near 
us. We grew weary of waiting fo long and fervily 
upon thofe, who, in their higheft Capacity, are but 
our Equals, though we had borne it thus far, to ac- 
quit ourfelves of neglecting no Condefcenfion that 
might make Way to the Difcharge of the Truft we 
are in for pur Country : And therefore we made 
Col. A ] lured acquainted, That we were refolved to 
(lay no longer, itnlefs the Houfe declared they defired 
we Jhould : Whereupon he went again to the Houfe 
Door, which, upon his Knock, being opened, he 
acquainted the Serjeant fo much, willing him to 
give Notice thereof to the Speaker and Members 
fitting; which he prefently did, and, within a ftiort 
Time after, the Serjeant came out to us, and having 
made a Preamble, That he had no Direction to come 
and tell us any thing, he told us of his own Civility, 
That the Houfe had paffed a Vote in cur Bufmefs ; 
which, in Effeff* was, the appointing the $th of Ja- 
nuary to take the Ifajinefs of the abfent Members into 
Confideration ; which v/e looked upon as a difdain- 
ful Affront, being prefent, not abfent Members, 


Of E N G L A N D. 33 

and an avowed Confirming and Owning of this for- 
cible Exclufion of us, and fo departed. 'Thus far 
Mr. Prynne. 

And now the firft Thing we find this Houfe did, The Parlia- 
was to appoint a Committee, confifting of Popbam, mmt's Proceed 
Thompfon, Okey, Attired, and Markham, all Colo- 1 " 65 ' 
nels, with Sir Anthony AJhley Cooper ^ and Mr. Scctt^ 
to order, dire, and conduct the Forces of the Ar- 
my, and all other Forces ; and to command the 
fame, for the Safety of the Parliament and this 
Commonwealth ; to fupprefs all Tumults, Infur- 
rections, and Rebellions, and all fuch Forces which 
fhall oppofe, or refift, the Commands of the Parlia- 
ment ; and to obferve fuch Orders and Directions 
as they (hall receive, from Time to Time, from the 
Parliament, or the Gommiflioners appointed by 
Authority of Parliament. This Power to continue 
till further Orders. 

Orders were alfo given to provide one Month's 
Pay, forthwith, for the Payment of the Non-Corn* 
miffion Officers, and all other Officers, under the 
Degree of Captains, with the private Soldiery, both 
Horfe and Foot. The Committee for infpecling 
the Treafury to advance this Money out of the 
Treafuries of this Commonwealth. The Govern- 
ment of the Toiver was committed to Sir Anthony 
Weaver , Scstt, and Jofias Earners. 

December 27. The Houfe being informed that; 
the Duties on Excife and Cuftoms would expire in 
a few Days, they immediately ordered in a new 
A61 for the fame ; which being read a firft and fe- 
cond Time, and committed, was reported back the 
fame Day, Commiffioners named, read a third 
Time, pafTed, and was ordered to be forthwith. 
printed and publifhed. 

Ordered, l That no Forces (hall be raifed, but 
by Authority of this prefent Parliament : And that 
all fuch Forces as have been, or mail be, raifed, 
without Authority of Parliament, be forthwith dif- 
banded. Provided, That this Vote extend not to 
any of the Forces raifed by General Menke. 

VOL. XXII. C Ordered, 

34 5T& Parliamentary HISTORY 

interregnum. Ordered, ' That all the Regiments of Horfe and 
1^ i*-^ ^j Foot, in the Northern Counties, do forthwith repair 
December. unto ^ ucn Quarters as {hall be appointed by the 
Commiffioners for Management of the Army ; and 
obferve fuch Orders and Directions as the Commif- 
fioners, from Time to Time, (hall give forth/ 

Ordered, ' That it be referred to a Committee 
to prepare Letters of Thanks, and Acknowledge- 
ment of the Fidelity and good Service of General 
Monke, Vice- Admiral LawJ'on, and the Commiffion- 
ers at Port/mouth. Mr. Scott, Mr. Weaver, and 
Col. Martin were to draw up the fame, and the 
Speaker to fign and feal the faid Letters with the 
Seal of the Parliament.' 

Refolved, That Mr. Speaker be defired to 
write Letters to the feveral Members of this Hotife, 
forthwith to give their Attendance on that S.ervice.' 
This Vote was very neceiTary; when, on a Divilion 
'"*Vf this Day about a Commiffioner of the Cuftoms, 
the Numbers were only 20 to 17. Not a Houfe at 
this Time. 

December 28. Col. Ingoldjby gave an Account to 
the Horffe, of his taking and fecuring ff^indfor Caftle 
for the Parliament ; which A6tion the Houfe appro- 
ved of, and gave Thanks to him and the Forces un- 
der him. 

December 29. The Speaker, by Order of the 
Houfe, did return hearty Thanks to Sir Arthur 
Hafilrigge^ Col. Walton^ and Col. Morley^ then 
prefent in the Houfe ; and they were ordered to bring 
in a Note of what \Monies they had dilburfed in the 
fecuring of Portfrnoutb, to the end that a Courfe 
might be taken for the fpeedy Repayment of them. 

Next, the Houfe voted their Approbation of what 
General Monke had done, in placing and difplacing 
of Officers ; and that the faid Officers were there- 
upon confirmed in their Offices and Places. Ano- 
ther Letter of Thanks was alfo voted to be fent to 
the General for his Fidelity and faithful Service. 
The Houfe alfo approved of what was done by fo 
many of the Council of State, as acled for the Parlia- 

Of E N G L A N D. 35 

ment during the Time of the late Interruption of Inter-regnum, 
their Sitting ; and gave them the hearty Thanks of l6 S9- 
the Houfe, for their good and faithful Service done "^ 
to the Parliament and Commonwealth. 

Ordered, * That the Thanks of this Houfe be 
given to Vice-Admiral Lawfon^ and all the Com- 
manders and Officers of the Fleet, for their Fidelity 
and great good Service done for the Parliament and 
Commonwealth : And that Mr. Scott and Mr. Sol- 
licitor Reynolds do repair to the Fleet, and prefent 
thefe Votes and Letters of Thanks to the Vice- 
Admiral, Commanders, and Officers there ; and to 
Jet them know, That the Houfe will take Care for. 
the Payment of their Arrears in due Time/ 

Other Perfons fhared likewife the Thanks of the 
Houfe on this Occafion ; and, amongft thefe, their 
old Speaker, Lentball^ was not forgotten ; for he, 
amongft the reft, had the Thanks of the Houfe be- 
ftowed upon him, for his very good Service done to 
the Commonwealth. 

In this Shower of Gratitude poured down upon 
Individuals on all Sides, for affifting this Tail of 
a Parliamem to its v/arm Seat again, fome one 
Member, we fuppofe, moved, That God Almighty 
might not be neglected. Thereupon it was order- 
ed, * That a Day fhould be fet a part and obfer- 
ved by the Members of this Houfe, in this Houfe, 
for Fafting and Humiliation ; and for acknowledg- 
ing of God's Mercy with Thankfulnefs : And for 
Prayer, for his further Bleffings on the Councils of 
the Parliament, and Afiiftance in carrying on the 
great Work lying on their Hands.' Ordered, alfb, 
* That Mr. Burgefs of Portfrnoutb^ Mr. fanning^ 
and Mr. Jenkins, be defired to a,flift in carrying or* 
the Work of that Day. 

Dec. 30. According to an Order made the Day 
before, the Houfe began on this to prepare for the 
electing a new Council of State, confiding of twenty- 
one of their own Members, and ten of fuch as were 
riot of the Houfe. It was done in the ufual Way 
by Ballot j but the Form and Manner of it took up 
C 2 the 

36 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. the reft of this Day, fo that the Nomination of them 
1659. was not made till the next. a 

December. The Names of the Perfons who had moft Voices, 
A nw Council ar '^ were Members of this Parliament, were re- 
of State ele&ed. P or ted > an d the Quedion being put upon each of 
their Names diftinotly, the following Perfons were 
allowed to be duly elected : 
Sir Arthur Hafilrigge, Col. Tbompfon, 
Mr. Herbert Morlcy, Mr. John DixweU, 

Mr. Wallop* Mr. 'Henry Nevill, 

Mr. Thomas Scott, Col. Fagg, 

Mr. Nicholas Love, Mr. John Corbet, 

Mr. Oliver St. John, Mr. Thomas Cha^ner, 
Col. White, Mr. Henrj Martin, 

Mr. John Weaver, Mr. William Say, 

Mr. Robert Reynolds? Col. Walton, 
Sir James Harrington, Mr. Luke Rolinfon. 
Sir Thomas Widdrington, 

The ten ferfons out of the Houfe were, 
Sir jfnthonyd/bley Cooper, The Lord Fairfax, 
General Monke, Alderman Foote, 

Vice- Admiral Lawfon, Tyrrill, 

Alderman Love, Robert Roll, 

Jofias Earners, Sling/by Beth ell. 

The Time for the Continuance of this Council 
of State, to fit and aft, was voted to be only from 
January the ift, 1659, to the ift Day of dpril, 
1660. Inductions were drawn up and agreed for 
them to act by, which are not entered in the Jour- 
nals at Length j but, by the fhort Hints given there 
of them, we fuppofe this Council had as much 
Power over the Liberties, Lives, and Fortunes, of 
their Fellow- Subjects, as ever belonged to the Re- 
gality. And, that they might be all true and trufty 
to the Good Old Caufe, they devifed the Form of an 
Oath, which every one of the Council were to take 


a See the Form in the Comment Journals, p. 800. 

b This laft was a Shake-Cap, for Mr. Carcw Raleigh had the fame 
Number of Voices on the Ballot j but both their Names being p 
int a Hat and ftgkcd, the Speaker drew cut Mr, 

Of E N G L A N D. 37 

before they were admitted to their Seats; as were alfo Inter-regnum. 
the Members of Parliament, as well tho-fe who then . J_ 5 ' _j 
fat in. the Houfe, as thofe that were to fit hereafter. j ammy . 
The Oath, or Engagement, was in thefe Words : 

/A. B. do hereby fwear, That I do renounce the An Abjuration 
pretended Title, or Titles, of Charles Stuart, </ ath 
tke whole Line of the late King James ; and of every 
other Pcrfon, as a Single Perfon, pretending, or 
which Jhall pretend, to the Crown or Government of 
thefe Nations of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 
or any of them : And that I ivill, by the Grace and 
jijjiftance of Almighty God, be true, faithful, and 
ccn/iant to the Parliament and Commonwealth, and 
luill cppofe the Bringing-in, or Setting-up of any Single 
Perfon or Houfe of Lords > and every of them, in this 

The Parliament being thus reinftated in their for- 
mer Sovereignty, and having taken Care, as they 
thought, to build a Wall of Brafs quite round them, 
on which were many Watch-Towers, to guard all 
the Avenues, in order to prevent fuch perverfe Ac- 
cidents as had before happened to them : Thus, we 
fay, were they feemingly barricaded againft all fmi- 
fler Events, when the unerring Hand of Providence 
brought Deftru6tion upon them from afar, and gave 
them fuch a Fall as never to rife again. 

It was on the ift Day of January, i6^ th at Monke enters 
General Monke began his March out of Scotland, an 
crofled the Tweed with the Infantry of his Army, 
his Horfe following him on the next. Dr. Gumble 9 
one of his Chaplains, and Author alfo of his Life, 
tells us, That the General had but four Regiments 
of Horfe and fix of Foot, making in all about 5000 
Men, with him ; and that this was all the Force he 
ever defigned for the Expedition. It was without 
any Call, Orders, or Summons from his Matters 
at r/cflminjier, that he began this March ; .and 
Lambert being now ftolen away from Newca/lU, and 
his Army left without a Commander, Monke had 
nothing to fear from that Quarter to flop his Pro- 
C 3 grefs. 

38 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

jnter-regnum. grefs. The other Reverend Author we have before 

l6 S9 quoted, is very particular in his Account of this 

' v -^ March, which we fhall follow as oft as there is Oc- 

January. ca f lon . obferving here, that on this Day, Jan. 2, 

it was the General received a kind Letter from the 

Speaker, mentioned before out of the Journals, 

fignifying, indeed, that they were returned to the 

Exercife of their Authority, but not one Word about 

his marching towards them : And this, adds the 

Doctor, did but incrcafe his Jeafoufy of them. But 

we mall leave the General now to purfue his March 

Southward, and return to our ""Journals, 

The fame Day the Houfe pafled a Vote, That 
all Officers who were in Commiffion on the nth 
of Ottober, 1659, and all other Officers and Sol- 
diers in the late Defection and Rebellion, who have 
already fubmitted, and fuch as fhall hereafter fub- 
jnit themfelves, and return to their Duty and Obe- 
dience to the Parliament, before the gth Day of this 
Inftant 'January fhall be, and are hereby pardoned 
and indemnified for Life and Eftate ; and all fuch 
Officers to be difpofed of by the Council of State, 
Commiffioners of the Army, or General MonkeJ" 

The Queftion being put, That John Lambert, 
Efq; fhall be included within this Vote, the Houfe 
divided, and it was carried for the Queftion, 28 
againft 1 8. Ordered, ' That this Vote be forth- 
with printed and publifhexl, and that the Council 
of State fee it put in Execution.' 

Jan. 3. This Day it was refolved, on the Que- 
ilion, ' That Writs fhould iflue out for electing; 
Members to fit and ferve in Parliament, in the 
Places of thofe Members of this Houfe that were 
dead, under fuch Qualifications as (hould be agreed 
upon by the Houfe ; and a Committee was named 
to draw up and bring in fuch Qualifications for 
Members for the Houfe to approve of.' 

.Sir Arthur Hafilrigge reported a Bill to the Houfe, 
For enacting the Oath of Renunciation of the Title 
pf Charles Stuart, and the whole Line of the late 
Jatnfs, to be taken by every Member that 



fcow fittcth, or that fhall fit, in Parliament. inter-regnum. 
This Bill being put to the Queftion for the firft l6 S9- 
Reading, on a Divifion, it was carried by 24 to 15. ~ 

The Bill was read accordingly, and ordered a fecond 
Reading on the 6th Inltant. 

Jan. 4, was the Faft-Day, on which little Bufi- 
nefs was done, befides returning Thanks to their 
Preachers for their great Pains-taking, &c. After- 
wards the Houfe read fome Letters from different 
Parts ; one from York, dated Jan. 2, to Sir Arthur 
Hafilrigge. Thefe might give fome Account of 
jlfonlee's and Lord Fairfax's Motions ; but none of 
their Contents are entered in the Journals, nor have 
we met with them elfewhere. 

Jan. 5. Nothing remarkable happened on this 
Day, fave that, at the End of it, are fome Altera- 
tions, the Note on which informs us, That here; 
three Entries are erazed in the Original, and on the 
Margin is written, Nulled by Order of Feb. 21, 
1659. The Reafon for which we fhall know 
further when we come to that Day. 

Jan. 6. Another Letter from General Monke, 
dated from Coldjlream, Dec. 29, was read in the 
Houfe, but the Contents not entered in the Jour' 
nah : However, we have met with a Copy of it in 
the old Pamphlet before-mentioned, which we 
give accordingly : 

A LETTER fent from General 

To the Right Hon. WILLIAM LENTHALL, Efq\ 

Speaker to the Right Honourable the Parliament 

of England, 

To be communicated to the reft of the Members of 

Parliament at London. 

Right Honourable, Coldjlream, Dec. 29, 1659; 
c T Received yours of the 22d Inftant, and defire to Another Letter 
' JL return to our good God hearty Thanks, that j thc 

4 he hath been pleafed to own and appear for his 


40 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. ' People in fuch glorious Inftances of Mercy and 

1659. ' Deliverance. I blefs the Lord, I never doubted 

^-^v^^ ' of his Prei'ence and Su,ccefs in this Undertaking, 

iar ' V * ' being Ib righteous a Caufe, and had long fince 

4 put it to God's Determination ; but upon Adver- 

c tifements from Friends in England^ That if I could 

4 continue here without engaging till the firft of 

4 ^January, the Work would be done without Blood. 

4 I cannot but admire upon what Intelligence you 

* fliould be perfuaded of a fecond Treaty : Indeed 
4 I was forced to make Ufe of fuch an Overture, 
4 to remove the Commiilioners from London, whom 

* I cannot but blame for receding from their In- 
4 ftrutions j but I hope they will give you a fatis- 

* factory Account of their Proceedings ; yet I ac- 
4 knowledge that I could not but refent their Car- 
4 riage, having fecured one of them for betraying 
4 the private Liftructions, of which I doubt not but 
4 you have been fully informed. 

* My laft Anfwer to the Lord Lambert, who Tent 
4 feveral Mefiengers to invite me to a fecond Trea- 
6 ty, was, That I could not treat without Autho- 
4 rity from the Commiffioners for the Government 
c of the Army ; and to that End defired a Pafs for 
4 the fame Mefiengers to go to Portfmoutb to re- 
4 ceive their Commands and Inftru&ions, who were 
4 returned back with this Anfwer from Lambert and 
4 the Council of Officers, That they could not con- 
' fent thereunto j and fmce that I have not heard 
4 from them. 

4 I have your Army, I blefs God., upon the River 
4 Tweedy within three Hours ready to be drawn 
4 together, and they are very chearful and unani- 
4 mous, willing to, endure any Hardship for your 
4 Service. 

4 The laft Night Capt. Campbell came Exprefs 
* from Ireland, giving a full Account of their Af- 
4 fection to the Parliament, and of the late Tranfac- 
4 tions there : That they had feized Dublin Caftle, 
c and fecured Jones and others, with a Declaration 
6 to ftand by and own your Authority j for which, 

4 on 

Of E N G L A N D. 41 

* on this Inftant, we kept a Day of Thankfgiving. Inter-regnum, 

* They writ alfo to the Irijb Brigade in England, l6 59- 

* which I difpatched to them. Sir Hardrefs Waller *~7~^ 

* gives me an Account, that all the Forces and J anuar y 

* Garrifons in Ireland had declared for you. 

4 This is fuch a Mercy, that I hope the Lord 
4 will make us fenfible of, and careful to improve. 
4 They required my Opinion as to managing of the 
' Affairs of the Army, which in fuch an urgent 

* Neceffity I prefumed to give. I have difpofed of 
4 moft of the vacant Commands in Scotland to very 

* honeft Men, who are ready to die for your Ser- 

* vice, or to difband at your Command. And be- 

* fore your Letter came to FJand, I had difpofed of 

* Col. Saunders's and Major Barton's Commands, 
4 the Lord Lambert's Forces prefling upon me. I 

* could not leave my vacant Places unfupplied ; but 

* I know that (this Work profpering) you will have 
4 Opportunity enough to gratify them. Capt. Izods's 
4 Place i referved for him according to your Plea- 
4 fure. 

4 I humbly thank the Members of the Council 

* for that great Honour they were pleafed to confer 

* upon me, and hope you never fliall find but fuch 
4 an abfolute Obedience from me to your Com- 
4 mands, that I {hall be more ready to return that 

* Commiffion than to receive it. I believe that you 
4 never doubted of my perfevering in thofe good 
4 Principles I declared for ; and that I fhould com- 
4 fortably (if the Lord had pleafed to frown upon 

* us) have fuffered in this moft righteous Under- 
4 taking. I have made ready to march, but am 

* unwilling to hazard your Juftice and Authority 

* upon a Fight, when it may be done with more 

* Security. I fliall attend your further Commands, 

* and deflre the Lord to blefs your Forces and 
4 Counfels, and to reftore you in your juft Autho- 
' rity ; which is both the Prayer and Endeavour 
' f Sir, your mojl humble 

^nd faithful Servant ', 



42 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. The "Journals of Parliament inform us, That 
l6 59* this Letter was highly pleafmg to them ; for an 
'~ v ~~ ~~* Anfwer to it was immediately ordered to be fent to 
January * the General, expreffing the Thanks of the Parlia- 
ment to him, and acknowledging his faithful Ser- 
vice and high Defervings ; and that he, taking Care 
for the Safety and Prefervation of Scotland in his 
Abfence, fhould be defired to come up to London 
with all convenient Speed. 

A Letter alfo from the Lord Fairfax, Sir Henry 
Cholmley^ and Henry ArtUngion^ Efqj dated Po- 
fleton^ near York, January I, 1659, was read a ; and 
Sir Thomas Widdrington was ordered to write a Let- 
ter of Thanks to the Lord Fairfax^ and the other 
Gentlemen, for his and their good Service done to 
the Parliament. Thefe two Letters were alfo ordered 
to be printed and publiflied ; but one from Lambert^ 
dated from Northallerton^ December 31, and read at 
the fame Time, had no further Notice taken of it. 
A Bill for borrowing 20,000 /. upon the Excife 
was read a third Time and pafled : The Bill alfo 
for taking and fubfcribing the Oath for renouncing 
the Title of Charles Stuart, and of every other 
Single Perfon, to the Crown, or Government, of 
thefe Nations, was read a fecond Time, and deba- 
ted ; but the further Confideration thereof referred 
to next Day. 

Jan. 7. Is remarkable for nothing being; done upon 
it in the Houfe, but a Report made by a Committee 
of Privileges and Elections, * That Sir Anthony AJhley 
Cooper was duly elected Burgefs for the Town of 
Downton, in Wiltjbire^ which the Houfe agreed to : 
And Sir Anthony^ being called in, took his Place, 
and afterwards, at the Clerk's Table, he read openly 
the Engagement, and fubfcribed the fame at the 
Table. He was afterwards made a Colonel of 
Horfe. We mention thefe Things chiefly to {hew 
what a Part this Man acted fome few Months after, 

a This Letter is in our Coikftion j but we think it not particu- 
lar .enough to be infcrted, 




In the Afternoon of the fame Day is this Entry : inter-regnum. 

< Whereas this Houfe do find an Entry in the 
Journal-Book , the 2oth of April^ 1653, in thefe 
Words, viz. This Day his Excellency the Lord- 
General dij/'olved this Parliament ;' which was done 
without Confent of Parliament. Refolved, ' That 
the Parliament declare, That the fame is 
Forgery/ Mr. Scobell was ordered to be fent for 
to the Bar of the Houfe, who being (hewed the faid 
Entry, and alked who made it, confefled it was his 
Hand-writing, and that he did it without Direction 
of any Perfon whatsoever. Hereupon the Houfe 
iirft ordered the Entry aforefaid to be expunged out 
of the Journal, and then appointed a Committee 
to confidcr, Whether the late Adi: of Indemnity did 
extend to pardon this Offence ; which 'tis probable 
it did, for we hear no more of the Matter. 

January 9. The Debate on the Bill for the new 
Oath was deferred to the next Day. 

After reading another Letter from Gen. Monke^ 
dated JVooller^ January 3, and referring it to the 
Council of State, the Door of the Houfe was or- 
dered to be fliut, and Sir Henry Vane to be fent for 
to attend the Parliament forthwith. 

In the mean Time the Book of Orders, and the 
Book of Letters, belonging to the Admiralty, were 
ordered to be brought to the Houfe by the proper 
Officers. A Committee was appointed to prepare 
and bring in a Bill for the Sale of the Eftates of 
Delinquents and Traitors, in the late Rebellion of 
Sir George Booth. To fend for the Commiffioners 
for Sequeftrations, and examine what Money had 
been received by the Sequeftrations of Delinquents 
and Traitors Eftates ; how the fame had been dif- 
pofed of, and by what Authority. The Council of 
State was alfo directed to examine what Perlbns, in 
the faid Rebellion, had been releafed fmce the late 
Interruption of the Parliament, and to remand them 

to fuch public Prifons as they (hould think fit. 

Vice Admiral Laivfon appearing at the Bar of the 
Houfe, had the hearty Thanks of the Houfe return'd 




44 3$* Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regmim. him, for his conftant Fidelity, and the great and! 
l6 59- eminent Services done by him, /ince the Jate Inter - 

% *~~v~~> ruption of Parliament. 

January. ^ fj enr y y ane having been fent for, according 
to the Refolution aforefaid, came to the Houfe ; 
and, being fet in his Place, feveral Members of the 
Houfe objected feveral Matters againdl him, a&ed 
flnce the late Interruption of the Parliament. 

And feveral Letters fent from the Commiffioners 
cf the Admiralty, the one of the I5th of October^ 
1659, written to Vice- Admiral Lawfon, in the 
Dcwnes ; and feveral Orders of the Commiffioners 
of the Admiralty, one of the 2Qth ofOtfober, 1659, 
and another of the 31$ of Ottober, 1659, and ano- 
ther of the fecond of November, 1659, were read. 
Sir Henry Vane, landing up in his Place, made An- 
fwer to the faid feveral Charges ; and having fat down 
again, the Houfe, on the Debate, refolved, ' That 
Sir Henry Vane be difcharged from being a Member 
of this Parliament, and he was injoined to repair to 
his Houfe at Raby, in the County of Durham, and 
remain there during the Pleafure of the Parliament. 
It was alfo refolved, * That the Colonels John 
Lambert, Dejborough, AJbfield, Bury, Kelfey, Gobbet^ 
Barrow, Packer^ and Major Creed> be forthwith 
injoined to repair to their refpe&ive Houfes in the 
Country, fartheft diftant from the City of London^ 
and to continue there during the Pleafure of the Par- 
liament. The Council of State was ordered to fee 
this Vote put in Execution, to whom it was refer- 
red, touching the fending fuch other Officers of the 
Army, as have been againft the Parliament fmce 
the late Interruption, out of the City of London^ to 
their refpe&ive Houfes in the Country.' 

January 10. The Houfe feems to have been 
bufv mofl; of this Day in debating the Bill relating 
to the Engagement ; which, at laft, was committed. 
A Committee alfo had been appointed to ftate the 
Qualifications of Members to fit and ferve in Par- 
liament; who, this Day, brought in a Bill for dif- 
abling Perfons to elecl, or be elected, to this prefent 


Of E N G L A N D. 45 

Parliament ; which was read a firft Time, and or- inter-reguui 
dered a fecond Reading the next Morning the firft * 6 59- 
Bufmefs. Mr. Thomas Scott, the noted Regicide, L ~V"- 
was nominated and appointed, as a Secretary of State J anuar y* 
ufed to be, to take Care of all Papers, and receive 
Informations of public and private Intelligence, and 
prefent them to the Council of State. 

"January n. The Bill of Elections was again 
debated, and afterwards committed. Col. Morley 
was made Governor of the Tower of London, which 
was all the material Bufinefs done on this Day. 

"January 12. The Houfe received and read ano- 
ther Letter from Gen. Monke, which was fent by 
Mr. Gumble, one of his Chaplains, and dated from 
Newcaftle, January 6, 1659. The Houfe being' 
informed that the MefTenger was at the Door, 
Mr. Gumble was called in, and at the Bar he made 
a Relation of what the General gave him in Charge ; 
and alfo delivered in two Letters, and withdrew. 
One of thefe Letters was from the Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Commons, in Common Council 
aflembled, dijer.ed to General Monke, dated De- 
cember 29, 1659 ; and the other from the General at 
Newcajlle, January 6, following, which was in An- 
fwer to the former. Both which Letters being read, 
and Mr. Gumble being called in again, and heard 
what he had further to fay, the Houfe came to the 
following Orders and Refolutioris : Ordered, * That 
the Sum of IOO/. be given to Mr. Gumble ; and it 
was referred to the Council of State to fee the fame 
forthwith paid him or his Affigns. The Houfe, at 
the fame Time, refolved to take him into further 
Confideration, for his Preferment, as Conveniency 
fhould offer ; and the Particulars related by Mr- 
Gumble, touching what Perfons are fit to be Judges 
in Scotland, were referred to the Council of State, 


g This Thomas Cumble, D. D. wrote the Life of General Monkf, 
Duke of Albtrmarle, ff. with fome Remarks upon his Aftions. 
Lvndon, 1671, Svo. From which the Authors f this Work ate 
indebted for fcvewl Obferv*tions, 

City of Loude 

46 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. who were ordered to report their Opinion therein 
to t h e Parliament. ' * 

It was then refolved, That the Parliament doth 
juftify and approve of what Gen. Monke hath done, 
in taking up Horfes, and in his marching into Eng- 
land, and all other Things by him acled and done, 
in order to the Service of the Parliament and Com- 
monwealth: And. the Sollicitor-General was order'd 
to bring in an A61 for juftifying and approving what 
Gen. Monke had done.' 

We are not told any more by the yournah, of the 
Purport of the General's Letter to the City, nor of 
their Anfwer to it ; neither does cur particular Hi- 
ilorian explain them much further : For he only 
tells us, ' That Mr. William Mann, Sword-Bearer 
of London, met the General at Adorpetb, with Ad- 
drefles from the City, who had been early Rebels 
to the Parliament ; that the General ga\ him 
Letters back, and, for Reafon of Camp, fen t Mr, 
Gumble along with him to the Parliament with 
Copies of both.' But the before-quoted old Collec- 
tion of Letters furnifhes us, alfo, with thefe two 
extraordinary Anecdotes, which we {hall give in 
their own Words : 

A LETTER from General MONKE, directed and 
delivered to the LORD MAYOR, Court of AL- 

Right Honourable, 

T T P N ^ firft N tice * had f the kteForce 

\J P u t upon the Parliament, I directed a Let- 
ter to you, to acquaint you, that my Refolutions 
were according to my Duty to ftand by them, and 
to endeavour their Re-eftablifhment, though with 
the Hazard of whatfoever was dear to me , and 
that the Army under my Command was very cor- 
dial and unanimous in that Undertaking ; but that 
Letter coming to a Mifchance, I have, at the 
Defire, and with the Concurrence of the Officers 

* here, 

Of E N G L A N D. 47 

* here, again written to you, to let you know that Inter-rcgnum. 
' we are ftill conftant to our firft Refolutions, in l6 59- 

* which we are the more confirmed, fmce we have *---v J 
' been informed that the Authors of that Force J anuar ? 

* have proceeded fo far as to null and make void 
' A&s of Parliament, (which the King, when he 
4 was at the higheft, never pretended to do, antf 

* which no true Engltjhman can endure to fee done 

* by any but Parliaments themfelves) and are now 

* contriving, by their own Power and Authority, to 

* fet up a new Government over the Three Nations : 

* If this be fuffered, I know not to what Purpofe all 

* this Blood hath been fpilt, all this Treafure fpent, 

* and all thofe Engagements made. We muft take 

* upon ouifelves the Guilt of all, and look upon this 
' Slavery we have brought upon ourfelves, as a Judg- 

* ment upon us for our Murder, Rapines, and Per- 

* juries : 1 take God to Witnefs I have no other End, 
c than to reftore the Parliament to its former Free- 

* dom and Authority, and the People to their juft 

* Rights and Liberties, in which I am fure I cannot 

* want your Afliftance. It is not the Defire of any 
' here, that thofe, who truly fear God, fhould be 
' hindred of their Liberty to worfhip him according 
4 to their feveralPerfuafions, or that the congregated 
6 Churches fliould be abridged of any of the Privi- 
' leges and Freedoms they have been ufed to enjoy, 

* or even to claim ; there are many Members of 

* thofe Churches with us, which can give this Tefti- 

* mony, yet we could be content that fome Men 

* would not, under Pretence of maintaining that 
' Liberty, endeavour the Overthrow of the National 

* Miniftry, and, by Confequence, leave the greateft 

* Part of the People to utter Ignorance and Atheifm : 
' However this is not the Thing for which we at 
' prefent contend, we (hall leave this and all other 
' Things to the Parliament, the confefTed Supreme 

* Judicature of the Nation ; but for the Defence of 

* that we are all refolved to venture to the utmoft. 

* If this good Caufe {hall mifcarry in my Hands, 

* through Want of your timely Affiftance, it will 

* be too Jate for you to endeavour to fupport it with 


48 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum, your own Strength ; and if it profper, it will be 

tuT-^ 5 _f * dishonourable f r a City fo famous, and fo much 

January. ' concerned, that its Liberties fhould be aflerted 

' without its own Help : I know you are fo fenfible 

* of the Intereft of God's People, the Rights of the 

* whole Nation, and of your own Charter, (which 
.* cannot be fafe in the Hands of thefe Over-turners, 

' and which hath been already indirectly threatned 

* by them) that you will not be wanting to that 

* Opportunity which God hath put into your Hands; 

* but now, while their Army is waiting upon me 

* in the North, ufe your utmoic Endeavours in the 

* South ; and therefore I (hall need to ufe no other 

* Perfuafion to Englijhmen^ and Men that have en- 
' gag^d all along in the fame Caufe ; but lhall pray 
to God to unite your Hearts, and ftrengthen your 
' Hands in this good Work, and remain 

Tour Lardfoip's 

Edinburgh, Nc-u. 12, 

1659, rery bumble servant, 


and COMMON COUNCIL of the City of LONDON, 
to bis Excellency the Lord General MONKE. 
Right Honourable, 

The City of c -sr *ir f J are not enter upon tne Anfwer to the 
London s Anfwer , \/l/ T\/r-r t- T TL 

to the foregoing. V V Merits of your Excellency s Letter of the 
' 1 2th of November, which came to our Hands the 
' 23d of the fame, (which was the firft and only one 

* that came to us) without prefacing our hearty 

* and thankful Admiring and Acknowledging the 
' tranfcendent Mercy of God, in putting into your 

* Heart thofe pious and noble Refolutions, to appear 
' at fuch an Exigent to be the glorious Inftrurnent 
6 in his Hand, both to aflert and vindicate the 
greateft Intereft, both Civil and Religious, of thefe 

* Nations. And, next, That your fmgular Humility 

* of Spirit, and Affeclion to this City, in commu- 

* nicating to us, fo early, thofe your juft Refolvee f 
6 and inviting us to fhare in the Honour of affiftin^v 


Of E N G L A N D* 49 

c to the obtaining of thofe great and glorious Ends, Inter- regnum, 
' in which the Happinefs of thefe Nations in gene- t_ 6 ' ' / 

* ral, and of the City, as a Corporation, confifts. 

* In all which our Spirits were both enlightened 

* and warmed by a Spark from your Zeal, and ac- 

* tuated by God to a prefent Activity, in our Sphere 

* and Capacity, in Compliance with your Excellen- 

* cy's Advice, as we truft the whole World, that 
' hath feen our Actings fince the Receipt of your 

* Letter, can bear us Witnefs ; and That we hope 

* may be our fufficient Plea for Pardon, for our not 

* returning a more timely Anfwer to your Excellen- 

* cy's faid Letter : But we defire your Excellency 

* to believe, that was principally retarded by Sufpi- 

* cion caft on the Authenticknefs of it, by thofe who 

* had the Confidence on that Score to imprifon the 
' Deliverers, and by the Interpofition of the Forces 
4 here, and led out againft your Excellency, who 

* lay in the PafTage to you. 

' But now, may it pleafe your Excellency, fee- 
' ing it hath pleafed God, in fome Meafure, to re- 
' move thofe Obftructions, we prefume by this to 
' affert in Writing, what, we hope, all our Actings, 

* fince the Receipt of your Excellency's Advice, 
' have evidenced : 

* That we have cordially concurred with your 

* Excellency, in difowning the Author of that Force 
' who interrupted the Parliament, and ravifhed the 
c Birth-right of thefe Nations, by daring to null and 
'make void Acts of Parliament ; and, we think, 

* have contributed fomewhat, by God's Blefling on 
' our Counfels and Actings, to the preventing of the 
' fad Confequences of that exorbitant Preemption. 
' How fully and entirely we comply with your Ex- 

* cellency, in aflerting the Authority and Freedom 

* of Parliaments, and the juft Rights and Liberties 
' of the People, a National Miniftry, for the en- 
' lightning of the Ignorant, and fupprefling of 
' Atheifm, we humbly refer your Excellency to our 
' inclofed Declaration % and do ferioufly aflure your 


a The Declaration here referred to is not in the CoUcilion of 
Monkis Letters, nor have we met with it any where elfe. 

50 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter ; g n num ' ' Excellency, That we {hall, by God's Affiftance, 

* perfift faithfully and vigoroufly in this good Caufe. 
' And prating God to preferve your Excellency, 

* and thofe noble Commanders with you, in thefe 
' your juft, honourable, and Chriftian Underta- 
' kings, (hall remain Tour ExceUency > s 

Moji affetlionate 
And faithful Friends and Servants , 

216* May or i Aldermen, and Com- 

Gwldkall, London, r i /> /- i 

Dec. 29, 1659. mons f the Ct *y f London, IK 

Common Council affembled. 

In their Names, and by their Order, 


This Letter is conveyed by the Sword- Bearer of 
London, by the feveral Directions of the Lord 
Mayor , Aldermen, and Court of Common Council. 

The LETTER of his Excellency the Lord-General 
MONKE, in Anfwer to the former Letter. a 

My Lord, Newcajlle, Jan. 6, 1659. 

The General's T Received a Letter from your Lordmip, and the 
Anfwer to the c J^ reft f th Common Council, of the iioth of 

Jaft from the , , , , , . , , , r , 

City. December, and do numbly thank you tor that great 

* Efteem which you are pleafed to put upon the 
' poor Endeavours of the Parliament's Army under 
4 my Command, far tranfcending our Merits and 
c Services. As to thofe Ends which we then de- 
' clared for, 1 blefs the Lord I acted according to 
' Conference, and I hope we were found in the Way 
' of Duty, and are refolved, by the Grace of God, 

* to adhere to them, having found fuch wonderful 
' Bleffings following us, in thefe our juft and honeft 

* Undertakings. 

' As your prudent Counfels and courageous Acl> 

* ings were the great Aleans, under God, of re- 
' ftoring this Parliament to its juft and lawful 

* Authority, fo of the Safety and Welfare of the 


a This Letter was fent by Mr. Gumble exprefsly, to the City, at 
the fame Time with the foregoing to the Parliament, and fclknvs in 
tiie CcJleOion, 

Of E N G L A N D, 51 

* Nations, for which I do, for myfelf and the reft of Inter-regnum. 

* the Officers here, return my very hearty Thanks ; 
' and we fhall ever have Caufe to blefs the Lord 
4 for this great Mercy, in putting into your Hearts 

* fuch righteous and honourable Refolutions, to 
4 appear at fuch a Time, when our Liberties and 

* Properties, and all that is dear unto us, even the 

* Ordinances of our blefled Saviour, were in fuch 
4 Hazard. 

4 Indeed it was much in our Hopes, that fuch a 
1 glorious City, that had redeemed themfelves from 
4 Slavery, at the Price of fo much Blood arid Trea- 
4 fure, and had been the great Inftruments, in the 
4 Hand of God, for the carrying on the Work of 

* Reformation, and bringing Three Nations out of 
4 the Captivity of Tyranny and arbitrary Govern- 
4 ment, could ever confent to fuch illegal and unjufl 
4 Proceedings. As we do acknowledge your great 
4 Activity in promoting thofe great Ends which we 

* lately represented to you, fo we do heartily thank 

* you for the Honour and Encouragement which 
4 you have been pleafed, in this your Letter, to give 
4 to the Parliament's Army here ; for ourfelves, we 

* have nothing to feek (we blefs the Lord) in all 
< this Affair, but to endeavour the Safety and Settle- 
4 ment of thefe Nations in general, and of the fa- 

* mous City in particular. 

* We received your inclofea Declaration, and do 
' chearfully join with you therein. And I do pro- 

* mife you for the Army under my Command, that 

* they are refolved, by the Afliftance of God, to 
4 {land by and maintain this prefent Parliament, as 
4 it fat on Ottoler 1 1 , from whom we received our 

* Commiflions ; and do hope, that you that have 
4 been fo eminently inftrumental in their Reftoring, 

* will heartily concur with us therein; and fhall, to 

* the utmoft of our Power, defend the Freedom of 
4 fucceflive Parliaments, and the Liberties, Spiritual 
4 and Civil, of the People in thefe Nations ; and 

* {hall encourage, in our Stations, the godly and 

* learned Minifters, and fhall continue faithful in 

* this good Caufe, that the Nations may be ftablifti'd 

D 2 4 in 

52 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

in a F re e Commonwealth, and the Army kept in 
due Obedience to the Civil Authority. 
' And as we have experienced the great Affe&ion 
of your City, in fuch a Day of Darknefs and 
great Trial, fo we (hall everftudy, to the utmoft, 
to exprefs our Services for you, and {hall not think 
our Lives too precious to hazard for your Welfare. 
I think to wait upon you fhortly, and {hall referve 
thofe further Acknowledgements to that Oppor- 
tunity, and remain 

Your Lordjhip's very humble Servant, 


The Bufmefs of the Houfe feems now to be folely 
employed in nominating Officers to feveral Regi- 
ments ; nothing elfe intervening of any Confe- 
quence, fave that the Speaker, being taken ill in the 
Houfe, defired Leave to abfent himfelf for ten Days 
from it ; which was granted, and Mr. Say ele&ed to 
fupply his Room. 

January 14. The Council of State was authori- 
zed and injoined to fecure the Colonels Lambert, 
Dejborougb, Bury, Kelfey, Cobbet, AJbfield, Barrow, 
Packer, and Major Creed, and all other Perfons 
whatfoever, who had been banifhed to their Country - 
Houfes, by Orders, or Warrants, from Parliament, 
and have not obeyed fuch Orders. 

uma J anufir y ID - The Parliament being willing to 
Year voted" for ca jk General Monke, and fhew fome iignal Mark 
Central Menke, of their Favour to him, ordered, 'That iooo/. 
a Year, Land of Inheritance, be fettled upon Com- 
miffioner George Monke, and his Heirs, as a Mark 
of the Favour and Refpecl of the Parliament, for his 
eminent and fignal Services for the Parliament and 
Commonwealth ; and that it be referred to a Com- 
mittee to confider what Lands were moft conve- 
nient to be fixed on for that Purpofe ; who were 
ordered to report their Opinion to the Parliament, 
and to bring in a Bill for fettling the faid Lands on 
Commiflioner George Monke > and his Heirs/ 


Of E N G L A N D. 53 

It was alfo ordered, ' That Mr. See ft and Mr. Inter-regnum, 
Robinfon be defired to go to Commiilioner George l6 59- 
Monke, to congratulate with him from the Parlia- *---v ' 
ment, for the good Succefs the Lord had given to -' ani 
his Endeavours, and to let him know the Senfe they 
have of his great Services ; and that Care is taken 
by the Parliament to provide Money for his Officers 
and Soldiers ; and it was referred to the Council of 
State to provide Money to defray Mr. Scott and 
Mr. Robinfon 's Expences.' 

A Letter was likewife ordered to be fent to Com- 
miffioner George Monke, to let him know the Senfe 
the Parliament had of his great Services, and that 
they are providing Money for his Soldiers : And 
that the Parliament were glad to hear of his repair- 
ing to London, according to their Defire. 

It was referred to Lord Chief Juftice St. John y 
Mr. Sollicitor Reynolds, and Mr. Lechmere, to draw 
the faid Letter, and prefent it to the Parliament for 
their Approbation. 

The fame Day, according to former Order, an 
engrofied Bill, which had laid dormant ever fmce 
their being turned out of Doors, and which was 
for raifmg 1 00,000 /. a Month upon England^ 
Scotland, and Ireland, for twelve Months, from Sep- 
tember 29, 1659, to the fame Day, 1660 ; that is 
to fay, on England, 70,ooo/. on Scotland, 1 2,000 /. 
and on Ireland i8,ooo/. a Month, was read a third 
Time. After which the Door of the Houfe being 
ordered to be fhut, the Houfe debated this Bill ; and 
a Queftion being put, That twelve Months do ftand 
in the Bill, it paffed in the Negative j fo it was de- 
termined to fubfift no longer than to the 24th Day 
vfjune, 1660. 

January 17. The Parliament, according to for- 
mer Order, did take into Debate the Bufmefs touch- 
ing Members of Parliament, againft whom Matters 
are obje&ed : And fome Matters having been ob- 
jected againft Col. Sydenham, he, (landing up in his 
Place, made Anfwer thereunto. Some Things be- 
ing alfo objected againft Major Salway, he, fland- 
D 3 ing 

54 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Interregnum, ing up in his Place, did acknowledge his Mifcar- 
l6 59- riages fince the late Interruption of the Parliament : 
*-""v^- J And faid, He doubted fome fuch Words might fall 
January. f rom hj m as ne was charged with, and therefore he 
would not, in any Meafure, excufe nor jufti/y him- 
felf, nor any ways extenuate his Fault; but did hum- 
bly fubmit himfelf to the Parliament, as one fenfible 
of his Mifcarriages ; and humbly craved the Pity 
and Pardon of the Parliament. 

Then it was refolved, * That Mr. Scobel be fent 
for prefently to attend the Parliament ; and that he 
bring with him the Papers that related to a Scheme 
of Government framed and brought to the pre- 
tended Committee of Safety.' 

It was alfo refolved, ' That Col. Sydenham be 
difcharged from being a Member of this Parliament; 
and the Queftion being propofed, That Major Sal- 
way be difcharged from fitting as a Member of this 
Parliament, and the previous Queftion being put, 
it pa{Ted in the Negative, 30 againft 22.' 

It was then refolved, ' That Major Salway be 
fufpended from fitting in the Parliament during the 
Pleafure of the Parliament ; and it being then pro- 
pofed, That he be fent to the Tower, there to remain 
during the Pleafure of the Parliament, the previous 
Queftion being put, it was carried in the Affirma- 
tive, by 29 againft 14.' Then it was refolved, 
c That Major Salway be committed to the Tower 9 
there to remain during the Pleafure of the Parlia- 
ment:' And it was ordered, * That the Cafes of 
the reft of the Members, againft whom Matters 
were objected, be taken into Confideration that Day 
Se'nnight; and that the Books of the pretended 
Committee of Safety, remaining in Mr. Robin/on's, 
Hands, be forthwith brought to the Clerk of the 

January 18. Mr. Lenthatt reported from the Com- 
mittee to whom it was referred to confider of the 
Names of fit Perfons to be Commiffioners of the 
Great Seal, Judges of the feveral Courts of Juftice 
in, Wefitoinfier-Hall, Attorney-General, and of 


Of E N G LAN D. 55 

Judges for the Courts of Admiralty and Probate of Inter-regnum. 
Wills ; when the following were feverally refolved j 6 ^' ^ 
upon, viz. Sir Thomas IViddrington, and Serjeants j afluary .. 
Tlrril and Fountaine, to be Commiffioners for the 
Cuftody of the Great Seal ; Mr. Serjeant tfcwdi- 
gate, to be Chief Juftice, and Serjeants Hill and 
Nicholas, to be Juftices of the Upper Bench ; Mr.* 
Serjeant St. John, to be Chief Juftice, and Serjeants 
Windham and Archer, to be Juftices of the Court of 
Common Pleas j Air. Serjeant Wild, to be Chief 
Baron, and Serjeants Thorpe and Parker, to be Ba- 
rons of the Court of Exchequer ; Mr. Sollicitor 
Reynolds, to be Attorney-General ; Mr. Ellis, to be 
Sollicitor-General ; Dr. Walker ', Dr. Turner, and * 
William Cawley, Efq; to be Judges of the Court of 
Admiralty, and of the Court of Probate of Wills, 
and granting of Adminiftrations.' 

It was alib refolved, 4 That Serjeants Erie and 
Maynard be Serjeants to the Commonwealth, and 
Mr. Lechmere one of the Learned Council for the 
the fame. 

Patents were ordered to be prepared for the above 
Gentlemen, and the Speaker was authorized to fign 
a Docket for paffing the faid Patents under the 
Great Seal ; which was ordered to be brought to 
the Houfe the next Morning, and the Commiffion- 
ers appointed for keeping thereof ordered to attend 
the Houfe at the fame Time, to receive it from the 

January 19. The Houfe being informed that fe- Affairs from Ire- 
veral Officers of the Army in Ireland were at the^'"' confidered 
Door, they were ordered to' be called in; and, be- ^ the Houfe ' 
ing at the Bar, Col. Bridges faid, Thefe Gentle- 
men .and myfelf have received Command, from the' 
Council of Officers in Ireland, to give you an Ac- 
count how the State of Affairs, relating to the Ar- 
my there, do ftand ; which, by an extraordinary 
Providence of God, is brought over to your Ser- 
vice ; and they are ready to obey your Commands 
w all Things.' . Then he delivered a Letter from 
Sir Hardrefs Waller > and many other Officers of 


56 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. the Irijh Army, dated Dublin, Jan. 7, 1659, which 
was reac ^ as a ^ another Letter inclofed, fubfcrib'd 
by Hardrefs Waller, Lord Broghill, and Charles 
Coote, with Articles of Impeachment, by Sir Charles 
Coote, Knight and Baronet, Prefident of the Pro- 
vince of Connaught, againft Col. John Jones, Miles 
Corbet, Matthew Tomlinfon, and Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral Edmund Ludlow, and figned Charles Coote. 

Upon reading of thefe and fome other Papers, the 
Houle proceeded, firft, to revoke and fufpend all 
Powers given by them to the aforefaid Gentlemen, 
and then to command them forthwith to attend the 
Parliament, and anfwer to the Impeachment of 
High Treafon, wherewith they were charged. That 
Ludlow, and others concerned with him, fhould 
forthwith deliver up the Fort of Duncannon, the 
City of Cork, &fV. to Sir Hardrefs Waller and 
Sir Charles Coote., or either of them. After which 
a Letter was ordered to be fent to Sir Charles Coote 
to inform him of this, and to defire he would take 
Care to fee it executed. Laftly, the Irijh Officers 
were ordered to be called in again, when Mr. Speaker 
gave them this Anfwer : 


6 /TpHE Parliament have taken Notice of your 
J[ very good Affections, and of your Care of 
preserving the Peace of Ireland, and of your great 
Pains of coming from thence, and have commanded 
me to give you Thanks ; and, in their Name, I do 
give you Thanks accordingly. For the Bufmefs you 
came" about; the Parliament have taken it into Con- 
iideration, and have put it into a proper Way. 1 

Dr. Price, the Author of the Hiftory of the Re- 
ftoration, acquaints us with the Secret which occa- 
iioned thefe Commotions in Ireland; particularly 
againft Ludlow, who was well known to be a fteady 
Adherent to the Intereft of the prefent Government. 
It feems that Monke was jealous left this Man (hould 
obftrucT: his Defigns, by keeping the Army in Ire- 
land firm to the Parliament, and therefore he laid a 


Of E N G L A N D. 57 

Scheme to circumvent him. The Doctor tells us, interregnum. 
' That the General, when he had got no farther on l6 59- 
his March than Morpeth, difpatched away Sir Jofepb *-~ ^ 
Douglas, with Letters of great Moment, to Sir J anuai > 
Charles Coote in Ireland. Thefe Letters, he adds, 
were of great and dangerous Quality ; for Douglas 
was to negotiate with Coote^ that the various Inte- 
refts there might be fo managed, as to engage them 
to confederate quickly into a Declaration for a free 
Parliament, as the moft proper and effectual Way 
to redrefs their Grievances. Douglas fucceeded in 
his Embafly, and he had brought the Officers there 
to too mature a Pitch ; for, juft as they were about 
declaring for a free Parliament, they were alarmed 
with the aftoniming News, that Monke had broken 
down the Gates of London : Whereupon the Con- 
ipirators in Ireland expoftulated with Douglas as if 
he had betrayed them : But the next Packet from 
England afiured them, that Monke had alfo declared 
for a free Parliament, which &t all right.' 

But not to anticipate Matters, and to proceed : 
Sir Thomas Widdrington, Serjeant Tyrrill^ and Ser- 
jeant Fountaine were made Commiffioners of the 
Great Seal, and had it delivered to them by the 
Hands of the Speaker, with the ufual Ceremony, in. 
the Houfe ; which was now very bufy again in grant- 
ing Commiflions, and regulating the Officers of the 
Army, till this Day, Jan. 21, when it was ordered, 
' That it be referred to a Gommittee to bring in a 
Declaration, on Monday Morning next, That the 
Parliament intends forthwith to proceed to the Set- 
tlement of the Government; and will uphold a 
learned and pious Miniftry in the Nation, and their 
Maintenance by Tythes and the known Laws of 
the Land : That they will proceed to fill up the 
Houfe as foon as may be ; and to fettle the Com- 
monwealth without a King, Single Perfon, or Houfe 
of Peers, and will promote the Trade of the Na- 
tion : That they will referve due Liberty to tender 
Cojifciences $ and encourage and fettle the Uni- 


58 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. verfities : That they will not meddle with the 
1 ' Executive Power of the Law, but only in Cafes of 

*~^^ Male-Adminiftration and Appeals ; and that Pro- 
ceedings (hall be according to the Laws : And alfo, 
That they will eafe the Burdens of the Nation as 
much as is confident with the preffing Neceffities 
of the Commonwealth.' 

January 23. Accordingly we find the Declara- 
tion was brought in by Lord Chief Juftice St. John, 
and read, firft at large, and after by Parts. The 
Debate on this took up the whole Day, and very 
many Additions and Alterations were made to it. 
In the Afternoon of this Day it was at laft perfect- 
ed ; and, being put to the Queftion, was agreed to 
be forthwith printed and publifhed. This Decla- 
ration is in our Collection of old Pamphlets, and no 
where elfe that we know of; from which Authority 
it claims a Place in thefe Inquiries. 

at Weftminfter. n 

A Declaration of s f I ^ H E People of England having been necefli- 
the Parliament, < J_ tate d to take up Arms in the juft Defence 

* of their Laws and Liberties againft the late King, 

* and it having pleafed God, after a long War, and 
' many Battles fought in the Field, fo to blefs their 
' Armies, and to. bring the War to fuch an Iffue, 

* that, if they were not wanting to themfelves, they 

* might reap the Fruit of all the Blood and Treafure 

* exhaufted in that Quarrel, and not only be reftored 

* to their Freedom for the prefent, but fecured 
' againft all the like Attempts for the future : The 
4 Parliament, hereupon, as theTruftees of the People 

* for the accomplifhing of thofe Ends, did declare 

* and ena&, That the People of England, and of all 
the Dominions and Territories thereunto belong- 
e ing, fhould be thenceforth governed as a Com- 
c m on wealth and Free-State, by the Reprefentatives 

* of the People in Parliament, and that without any 


n Printed by John Strealer and Jobn Macock> Printers to the Par- 
lisment, 1659. 

Of E N G L A N D. 59 

* King or Houfe of Lords ; judging this not only to Inter-regnum. 
' be the undoubted Right of the People, but that the 1659. 

' Office of a King in thefe Nations, or to have the ^""T"* ^ 
( Power thereof in any Single Perfon, as alfo the J anuar y 

* Houfe of Lords, was burdenfome and dangerous to 

* the Safety and Liberty of the People : And, by this 

* Means, the Foundations of a public. Intereft, being 
' laid in the Place of that which was only private 
' and perfonal, this People might grow up, thro' the 

* Goodnefs of God, into perfect Freedom, being go- 
' verned in the Supreme Power by their own Repre- 
' fentatives ; and, in the Executive Power, by their 

* known Laws and Judicatory ; the beft Meafure 
' and Standard of Liberty. Their Navigation and 

* Trade encouraged and promoted, which in all 

* Monarchies is (tinted and reftrained. The true 

* Proteftant Religion, both at Home and Abroad, 

* owned and countenanced ; which, under the for- 

* mer Conftitution, was clogg'd with vain and fuper- 

* ftitious Ceremonies, and corrupt Opinions, touch- 

* ing Faith and Worfhip, impofed upon all, without 

* any Regard had to tender Confciences, and the 
e Minifters of the Gofpel, and the Profeflbrs there- 

* of, with Godlinefs itfelf,. difcountenanced and per- 
' fecuted. 

' To this State of Things did the Parliament 
judge it their Duty to bring this Nation, and the 

* free People thereof; and no Man can reasonably 

* doubt, but that, long before this Time, the Par- 

* liament, through the fame good and gracious Pre- 
' fence that had accompanied their Undertakings, 
* would have accomplifhed their Intentions in thefe 

* Things, and fettled the Commonwealth upon the 

* Bafis and Foundation aforefaid, if they had not 
4 been fo often interrupted, and thereby prevented 

* hitherto from doing that which always was, and 

* is, the umoft Defire and Intention of their Hearts. 

' And yet the Parliament cannot but take Notice 
of the Artifices that are ufed to mifreprefent their 

* Intentions, and to blemifh their Proceedings before 

* the People, unjuftly charging them with a Defign 

* to perpetuate themifelves now fitting, to fubjecl the 


60 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

* People to Arbitrary Power, and to govern them 
Inter-regnum, by p orce> And as to Matters of Religion on one 

t _^J i l'__j ' Hand, that they are Enemies to the Miniftry, 

January. * their Maintenance by Tythes, to the Univerfities 

and Learning, and Encouragers of fanatic Princi- 

' pies ; on the other Hand, that the Parliament is 

* too fevere, and of impofing Principles in Matters 

* of Religion, not being ignorant that thofe who, 
by thefe Means, do induftrioufly labour to difaffeci 

* the People to the Parliament, are fuch, who, by 

* fpecious Pretences, would firft put out their Eyes, 

* that they might not fee the Way to their own 

* true Liberty, and then bring them back again into 

* their old Servitude. 

* The Parliament, therefore, to omit nothing in 

* their Power that may undeceive honeft and well- 

* meaning Men, have thought it neceflary, in this 

* Conjuncture of Time and Affairs, to declare and 

* manifeft (as they do hereby) what their Intentions 
' are, as to the Government of thefe Nations, with 
4 fome other Particulars relating thereunto, wherein 

* they are refolved, thro' the Goodnefs and Aflift- 

* ance of God, to remain conftant and immoveable. 

I. * That the Parliament will provide forthwith 

* to perfect thofe Beginnings which are already 

* made for fettling the Government of thefe Na- 

* tions, and the People thereof, in the Way of *a 

* Commonwealth and Free State, without a King, 

* Single Perfon, or Houfe of Lords, in fuch Man- 
' ner that they may be govern'd from Time to Tims 
' by Reprefentatives in Parliament chofen by them- 
' felves, in whom alone the Supreme Authority of 
* thefe Nations doth and ought to refide, and by 

* fuch as they {hall appoint and conftitute as Offi- 

* cers and Minifters under them for the Good of 

* the People j and that the Parliament will make it 
' their Care to form the Army and Forces of thefe 
' Nations in fuch Manner that, whilft it (hall be 

* found neceflary for them, or any of them, to be 
' kept up for the Safety of the Commonwealth, they 

* may be wholly fubjeft and obedient to the Civil 

* Authority, 


II. ' There being nothing more eflential to the Inter-regnum, 

* Freedom of a State, than that the People fhould 

* be governed by the Laws, and that juftice be 

* adminiftered by fuch only as are accountable for 

* Male- Adminiftration, it is hereby further declared, 
e That all Proceedings touching the Lives, Liber- 

* ties, and Eftates of all the Free People of this 

* Commonwealth, fhall be according to the Laws 
4 of the Land : And that the Parliament will not 
4 meddle with the ordinary Adminiftration, or the 
4 Executive Part of the Law ; it being the principal 

* Care of this, as it hath been of all former Parlia- 

* ments, to provide for the Freedom of the People 
4 againft Arbitrarinefs in Government. 

III. And that they will make effectual Provi- 

* iion for the countenancing of a learned and pious 
4 Gofpel Miniftry through all the Three Nations, 
c and for the encouraging and protecting them in the 

* Work of their Miniftry againft Difturbances. And 

* as to their Maintenance ; That by Tythes fhall 

* be continued, it being already eftabliftied by Law, 

* and is in itfelf the moft certain, convenient, and 

* comfortable Way of Maintenance that, in the 
4 Judgment of the Parliament, can be fettled j and 

* therefore they do expect and require, that the 

* Judges, Juftices of the Peace, and others whom 
4 it concerns, do take Care that the Laws touching 
4 the fame be put in effectual Execution : And for 
4 a further Increafe of Maintenance than hath been 
c antiently fettled upon preaching Minifters, the 

* Parliament doth declare, That the Augmentations 
4 by the Impropriations of the late King, Bilhops, 
4 Deans and Chapters, and Delinquents not com- 
4 pounded for, as likewife by Tenths and Firft- 
4 Fruits, (hall be continued and fettled upon the 
4 preaching Miniftry, not to be aliened or altered 
4 from that Ufe, and diftributed in fuch Manner as 
4 they may be applied to fuch Places as ftand in moft 
4 need, that every Place in the Land may have a 
4 preaching Minifter, who may be able to teach the 

* People the good Knowledge of the Lord, and may 
4 have a comfortable Livelihood and Encouragement 

' among 

62 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

Inter-rcgnum. < among them; as a]fo that Provifion (hall be made 
16 59* for due Liberty of Confcience in Matters of Reli- 
*-v ' < gion, according to the Word of God. 

IV. ' The Parliament do declare, That they 

* will uphold the public Univerfities and Schools of 

* this Land, and not oniy continue to them the 

* Privileges and Advantages they now enjoy, but 

* fhall be ready to give them fuch further Counte- 
' nance as may encourage them in their Studies, 
' and promote Godlinefs, Learning, and good Man- 

* jiers amongft them. 

V. * The Parliament being very fenfible of the 
' great Decay of the Trade of thefe Nations, will 
' apply themfelves to fuch Councils and Means as 
' fhall be found moft proper both for the fpeedy 

* reftoring and increafing thereof, judging that there 
' is no one Thing in the Affairs of State more im- 
4 portant to the Welfare, Strength, and Glory of a 

* Commonwealth, efpecially of this, being an Ifiand, 

* than the Encouragement of Trade and Navi- 

* gation. 

VI. * As to the prefent Burdens which are upon 

* the Nation, the Parliament is very fenfible thereof, 
' and of thofe extravagant Councils and Actions 
' which have engaged the Nation in fo great a 

* Debt and Charge, the Guilt whereof will not reft 
' upon them, tho' the Danger and Burden thereof 

* doth. And it is one of the greateft Cares they 
c have upon them, how to give the People that Eafe 

* which their Condition calls for, and alfo provide 

* for their Safety, and anfwer the preffing Neceffi- 
' ties of the State j which the Parliament hopes, in 
' fome Meafure, to do in a very (hort Time, in cafe 

* the unreafonable Diflatisfa6tions and turbulent 
' A&irigs of unquiet Men do not continue the 

* Charge longer than otiierwife will be neceflary.* 

Five Hundred The fame Day 500 /. a-year was voted to be fet- 
Pounds a-year tied on Vice-Admiral Lawfon, and his Heirs, for 
AdilT e L- his Fidelit 7 and g od Service to the Parliament and 
fath ' Commonwealth. The fame Committee who were 

Of E N G L A N D. 63 

appointed for the Settlement on General Monke Inter- regnum. 
were to take Care of this alfo. uJl^W 


January 24. It was ordered, That Col. Fleet- 
wood^ the Lord Whitlocke, Mr. Strickland, and Mr. 
Holland^ be and are required to attend the Parlia- 
ment on this Day Se'nnight ; and that the Serjeant 
at Arms, attending the Houfe, fummon them to 
appear accordingly : That Col. Bennett be like- 
wife injoined to attend the Parliament forthwith : 
That all Clerks, and other Perfon and Perfons, in 
whofe Hands or Cuftody any Letters, Books, Jour- 
nals, and Papers, of the late pretended Committee 
of Safety, and of any other Committees, which 
acted by or under their Authority, do deliver the 
fame to the Clerk of the Parliament ; and that they 
be brought into this Houfe on this Day Se'nnight : 
That Mr. Scobell do attend the Parliament on this* 
Day Se'nnight, with all Papers concerning the 
Draught of a Government, prefcnted to the late 
pretended Committee of Safety, or Council of Offi- 
cers of the Army. 

And it likewife was ordered, * That all fuch 
Members of Parliament, who have attended this 
Houfe, and ought to give their Attendance here, do 
attend the Service of the Parliament on this Day 
Se'nnight, upon Pain of Twenty Pounds.' 

The Houfe had been feveral Days in fettling the 
AflefTment Bill, and naming the Commiffioners for 
it throughout, and many Riders were offered and 
added to it ; however, it was finally concluded on 
this Day, and ordered to be printed and publimed. 
After this another Bufinefs happened, which was a 
Letter they received and read from Gen. Monke , 
dated at Nottingham, Jan. 22, 1659 ; as likewife 
two others, from Scott and Robinfon, dated from 
' Lelcejler^ Jan. 23, who were fent as Spies upon him. 
In one of thefe laft was the Copy of a Letter from 
the General, directed into the Weft of England, 
which may be explained hereafter, though none of 
their Contents are entered in the Journals. The 


64 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. Confequence of thefe Letters will {hew, that they 
1659. were either very pleafing to the Parliament, or that 

W^V" "^ they thought it necefiary further to cajole the Ge- 
January. n era l by all the winning Ways they could think on : 
For the fame Day a Bill was brought in, For ap- 
proving and jujltfying all the late Attions of General 
George Monke ; which was read a firft Time, and 
ordered a fecond Reading the next Morning. The 
Houfe alfo ordered, * That it fhould be fpecially 
recommended to the Provoft and Fellows of Eaton 
College, to ele& Mr. Gumble, his Chaplain, to the 
firft Fellowfhip in that College, which fhould be 
vacant by Death, or othci wife. 

January 27. Col. IVlriie reported the Amend- 
ments to the Bill for fettling a Committee for the 
Army, and Treafurers at War, and the Names of 
Perfons to be a Committee for the Army ; which 
Amendments were twice read, and then the follow- 
ing Gentlemen were feverally refolved upon to be a 
Committee for the Army, viz. Thomas Pury, the 
elder, Col. John Downes, Col. Thomas Lifter, Ed- 
mund Weft ! , Efq; Richard Lucy , Efq; and Anthony 
Samuel, Efq; The Treafurers at War were alfo 
feverally refolved on, and were, James Nelthorpe y 
Efq; and Mr. John Lawfon. It was then refolved, 
That the. Quorum of the Committee for the Army 
be three, and that the Treafurers at War and Com- 
mittee for the Army do continue untill the loth of 
Qttober, 1660; and that the Blank in the Bill be 
filled up with thefe Words : By Warrant from the 
Parliament^ Council of State, orCommijponersforthe 

Another Amendment was offered to the Bill, in 
thefe Words, viz. And be it enafted, and it is hereby 
further enabled, That John Blackwell, and Richard 
Dean, Efq; late Treafurers at War, Jhall forthwith 
pay unto the prefent Treajurers at War, by this Aft 
conflituted, all and every Sum and Sums of Money, 
remaining in their Hands , as Treafurers at War ; 
and do henceforth forbear, and are hereby difcharged, 
to receive or difpofe of any Monies., any wav ajjigned 


C/* ENGLAND, 6$ 

for the Armies and Forces of this Commonwealth ; Tnter-regnum, 
which was twice read, and, on theQueftion, agreed l6 59- 

to ; and the Bill, fo amended, was ordered to be v -v- J 

January 28. Col. James Temple reported the 
Amendments to the Bill for conftituting Commif- 
iioners for ordering and managing the Affairs of the 
Admiralty and Navy ; which were twice read, and 
It was refolved, That the Number of the Commif- 
fioners be twenty-one ; and that fourteen of them 
be Members of Parliament. The following Gen- 
tlemen were then feverally refolved upon for that 
Purpofe, viz. Mr. Attorney-General Reynolds, Col. 
Valentine Walt on ^ Col. Herbert Morley^ Thomas 
Boone, Efq; Sir Michael Livefey, Km. and Bart. 
Col. Thompfin, Mr. Edmund IVeft^ Mr. Carew 
Raleigh ) Mr. Thomas Challoner* Mr. Lcnthall> Mr. 
Henry Darley^ Mr. Weaver^ Mr. Dormer - 3 Lord- 
Commiflioner LiJIe^ Gen. George Monke, Vice- 
Admiral Lazvj'on, Mr. Richard Bradfoaw^ Col. 
Thomas Middleton, Edward Bujhel, Mr. Sling/by 
Bethell^ and Mr. George Cowper. 

' Refolved, That no one of the faid Commiffion- 
ers, for the Admiralty and Navy, {hall continue in 
the Chair, for putting the Queftions there, for above 
a Fortnight ; and that the faid Cornmifftoneis do 
take the Chair there by Turns.' 

'January 30. Another Letter from Gen. Monke^ 
on his March up to London, was received and read. 
It was dated from St. Allans, Jan. 28, 1 659, and two 
Lifts were inclofed therein : The Houfe agreed 
with the Diftribution of the Soldiers into Quarters, 
according to thefe Lifts ; and the Commiffioners of 
the Army were ordered alfo to fee the Soldiers fo 
diftributed. Ten Pounds a Day was likewife al- 
lowed towards the maintaining of a Table for the 
Commiflioners of the Army, to begin when the 
General came to Town, and to be p"aid out of the 
Contingencies of the Council of State. 


66 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. At the fame Time a Letter from Scott and Ro* 
l6 S9- linfon was read. It was dated January 29, at 
^T^' Midnight : In this was inclofed a Copy of the' Ad- 
drefs and Congratulation of the Gentlemen of Surfs 
to the General ; as alfo a Copy of a Paper to invite 
the Gentlemen of that County to meet at Aylejbury. 
On the reading of which Papers the Houfe ordered, 
* That the Committee for Qualifications ihoutd 
meet that Afternoon, to perfect their Enquiries, 
and report them the next Morning, the firft Bufi- 
nefs, nothing to intervene, that the Parliament 
might proceed to the filling up of the Houfe.' Or- 
dered, alfo, * That the Judges who were Members, 
and all other Members of Parliament in Town, 
mould attend the Service of the Houfe at the fame 
Time. The other Members who were ordered to 
attend the Parliament the next Day, were required 
to give their Attendance on the yth of February 
next. Lajily, The Committee for the Army and 
Treafurers at War were ordered to meet that Af- 
ternoon, and to take Care to provide Money towards 
the Pay of fuch of the Soldiery as mould be drawn 
out of Town to the Quarters afligned for them ; 
and that both Horfe and Foot mould have a Month's 
Pay advanced, on a new Mufter to be made of them. 

Having now brought the Month of January to a 
Period, and given all the moft material Tranfa&ions 
of Parliament which happened in it, and are en- 
tered in the Journals, it will be neceilary to confult 
the Hiftorians of thofe Times, in order to make the 
former more plain and intelligible to the Reader. 
Taking Notice, that as the Journals have now 
brought up Gen. Monke as far as St. Albans, in his 
Way to London, fo we mall be obliged to go back a. 
little, and report, more particularly, what happened 
to him further North on his March up. 

Dr. Price's Ac- The Reverend Writer of the Hiftory of the 

count of Pro- Reftoration tells us, ' That, in their March from 

codings at this X ewca jll e to York, they made no Stay ; but at the 

latter Place they halted five Days. Here it was they 

met the Lord Fairfax^ who being now willing to 



tread back the Steps he had made fo far in a wrong Jnter-regmun. 
Way, had many private Conferences with Gen. l6 5g- 
Monke about it. It was moved to the General to 
flay at York^ and declare 'for the King, afluring him, 
that he (hould have great Afliftance. But, juft at 
that Time, the General receiving Orders from the 
Parliament to march towards them, he thought it 
better, for the prefent, to obey their Commands, 
and go forward. Our Author hints, That the Par- 
liament was jealous of the Lord Fairfax and his late 
riiing, tho' feemingly, in their Favour, and therefore 
thought York no fit Place for Monke to lodge his 
Army in j and tho' he would not have removed 
Southward without Orders, and even difputed any 
Commands to return back again, yet now the co- 
rning of thefe Orders to march forwards, took away 
all Diftruft that the Men at IVeJlmmfler were jea- 
lous of him, and he refolved to obey them. 

4 From York the General made no Stay till he came 
to Nottingham^ where he halted for the Rear of his 
Army to come up, and hither came to him Dr, 
Clargis and Mr. Gumble^ and they had all Leifure to 
debate, in Council, about their further Progrefs, and 
their Actings when they got to London. Various 
Projects, our Author fays, were propofed, particu- 
larly one, That all the Officers {hould fubfcribe to 
be obedient to the Parliament, except in the Bring- 
ing-in of Charles Stuart. But this was as fubtilly 
oppofed, by Arguments to the Effect following 
' That this was the Way to fall into the fame Erroj: 
with the Englijh Army; to make themfelves Judges, 
and, confequently, Mafters of the Parliament's Ac- 
tions ; for whenfoever they did any thing that we 
difliked, it was but fuggefting, That the doing fuch 
Things tended to the bringing him in, and by that 
Way make themfelves their own Carvers/ 

' Thefe Arguments, our Author adds, prevailed 4 
and the rather, becaufe.the Commiffioners from Par<- 
liament were to meet the General at the next Stage* 
which was Leicejier. But, however, to remove all 
Diftruft of himfelf, he confented that a Letter 
fliould be fent, in his Name, to his Countrymen in 
E 2 the 

68 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum, the Weft of England, wherein were many State 

l6 59- Reafons alledged, aflerting the Impoffibiiity of the 

t ""r" v """~' King's Return, and his own Proteftation againft it : 

For now, it feems, he had been informed, that thefe 

Weftern Gentlemen had conceived great Hopes of 

him. The Reader may obferve, that a Copy of 

this laft Letter is mentioned to be fent, by Scott and 

Robinfon, to the Parliament ; and, no doubt, would 

ftill help to remove any Jealouiies they might have 

conceived of the General's Defigns. 

We have been fo lucky as to retrieve this Letter 
from utter Oblivion, and we fhall infert it in this 

For the Honoured ROBERT HOLLES, Efq\ T'o be 
communicated to the Gentlemen 0^*Devonfhire, ivho 
figned the late Letter to the Speaker of the Parlia- 
?nent of the Commonwealth ^England,*" 

Moji honoured and dear Friends^ 

Gen. Monti <T\yfEETING with a Paper, dated at Exon 
Fr"n!i s the ' IVJL ^ *3* h Inftant, directed to miliam Len- 
Weft, ' thallj Efq; Speaker of the Parliament, and fub- 

* fcribed by divers of my Friends and Relations, 

* purporting the recalling the Members fecluded 

* 1648, as the beft Expedient for eftablifliing thefe 

* Nations upon a Foundation of lafting Peace, I 
' have taken theBoldnefs, from my Relation to fome 
' of you as allied, and my affectionate Refpects to 

* all of you as dear Friends and Countrymen, to re- 

* prefent to your Confideration my prefent Appre- 

* henfions of the State of Affairs here, in order to all 

* our better Satisfactions, wherein I humbly crave 

* your Leave of Freedom without Prejudice. 

' Before thefe unhappy Wars the Government of 

* thefe Nations was Monarchical, both in Church 

* and State. Thefe Wars have given Birth and 

* Growth to feveral Interefts, both in Church and 

* State, heretofore not known ; though now, upon 

* many Accounts, very confiderable ; as the Prefby- 

* terian, Independent, Anabaptift, and Sectaries of 

f From tfee Cellsftion of Mentis Letters, 

O/* ENGLAND. 69 

c all Sorts, as to Ecclefiaftics ; and the Purchafers of Inter-regnum* 
6 the King's, Queen's, Princes, Bifhops, Deans and 
6 Chapters, and all other forfeited Eftates, and all 
' thofe engaged in thefe Wars againft the King, as 

* to Civils. Thefe Interefts again are fo interwo- 

* ven by Purchafes and Intermarriages, and thereby 
6 forfeited, as I think, upon rational Grounds, it 
' may be taken for granted, That no Government 
c can be either good, peaceable, or lafting to thefe 

* Nations, that doth not rationally include and 
6 comprehend the Security and Prefervation of all 
e the aforefaid Interefts, both Civil and Spiritual j I 
f mean fo far as, by the Word of God, they are 
' warranted to be protected and preferved. If this 
' be fo, then that Government, under which we for- 
c merly were, both in Church and State, viz. Mo- 
c narchy, cannot pofiibly be admitted, for the future, 
c in thefe Nations, becaufe its Support is taken 

* away, and becaufe it is cxclufive of all the former 
' Interefts both Civil and Spiritual ; all of them be- 
e ing incompatible with Monarchical Uniformity in 
c Church and State thus expired. That Govern- 
' ment, then, that is moft able to comprehend and 
6 protect all Interefts as aforefaid, muft needs be 

' Wherefore, to me, it is no fmall Doubt, if, 
e upon the Premifles, to admit of the Members fe- 
' eluded in 1648, were not to obftrucl: our Peace and 

* continue our War, rather than eftablifti the one 
4 and end the other ; in that very many of thofe 
e Members aflert the Monarchical Intereft, together 
e with the Abolition of all Laws made flnce their 

* Seclufion. Which I fear, upon account of Self- 
c prefervation, both of Life and Eftate, as well as 
' Spiritual Liberty, will immediately involve all 

* thefe Nations in a moft horrid and bloody War 
c afrefli ; the very Apprehenfions whereof, I con- 
c fefs, 1 do infinitely dread, and fubmit the danger- 
' ous Ccnfequence thereof to your prudent Confi- 
' derations ; and the rather, feeing the Army alfo 
c will never endure it. 

3 ' Having 

yp "The Parliamentary HISTORY- 

Inter-regnum, Having thus briefly laid before you the prefent 

l6 59- * Condition of Affairs, let me now intreat you to 

.* _-~ '^'^ ' confider, whether it were not better to defift from 

F *** * that p a p erj an d fubmit to the Proceedings of this 

' Parliament, who have refolved to fill up their 

* Houfe, determine their Sitting, and prepare a Way 

* for future Succeflions of Parliament ; by which 
' Means being full, and thereby comprehending the 

* whole Intereft of thefe Nations, they may, thro* 

* God's Mercy, and all our Patiences, eftablifh fuch 

* a Government in the Way of a Commonwealth, 

* as may be comprehenfive of all Interefts both Spi- 

* ritual and Civil, to the Glory of God, and the 

* Weal and Peace of the whole. But if, by your 
4 Impatiences, they be obftru&ed, our Peace will be 

* fo much the longer a Stranger to us ; and we 

* thereby a Prey to ourfelves, and all foreign Ene- 

* mies. Wherefore, humbly prefling thefe upon 

* your ferious Confederations, with all the friendly 
' and affectionate Refpe&s, and Service to you all, 
< I remain, 

, Jan. 2 1, Tour very bumble 

And affeftionate Servant, 


At Leicefler the abovefaid Emifiaries from Parlia- 
ment met the General, whom Dr. Price calls his 
Counterfeits, and were to be his Ears and his 
Mouth. This, he adds, was a hard Tafk for the 
General to bear, and yet not fo bad to him as it 
would have been to moft other Men, becaufe he 
never loved to fpeak much, and valued none that did 
fo. At Harborough, the next Stage, feveral emi- 
nent Citizens of London met the General ; they 
complained of Grievances, which he durft not then 
promife to redrefs, fo clofe did thefe Spies watch all 
his Motions, for he anfwered them with few and 
wary Words. The Citizens were fomewhat fur- 
prized at this Reception, for they had Hopes of a 
tetter, by a Letter the General had fen,t them out 



of Scotland) defiring their Afliftance ; but, adds the inter-regnum. 
Do&or, what his Words did not promife his Coun- 
tenance did ; and Care was taken by others to in- 
form them, that they fliould not defpair of him. 

From the laft- named Place, till the General came 
to Barnet, Scott and Robinfon, the Do&or tells us, 
would ftill quarter in the fame Inn with him, that 
they might he prefent to anfwer the Addrefles of the 
Country ; of which the moft remarkable were pre- 
fented to the General at Northampton and St. Al- 
lans. Our Author adds, That the Sum of the De- 
fires, both of City and Country, was, either a full 
and free Parliament, or the Reftitution of the feclu- 
ded Members to their Seats in this. And, as it was 
cbferved, That the Gentlemen who made thefe 
Addrefles had not been Cavaliers, fo were they lefs 
fufpe&ed by Monke's Officers, who knew only by 
them what the Senfe of the Country was. Scott and 
Robinfon took upon them to anfwer all thefe Addref- 
fes, the General's Return being only a Nod, a 
Frown, or the rubbing of his Forehead, when the 
Speech was long. But, at St. Albans, when Sir 
RichardTemple had fpoke long and well, Scott looked 
flern, and told him, ' That he would firft take up 
the Sword again, as old as he was, before the Things 
they petitioned for ftiould be granted. 5 

It was January the 28th when the General and 
bis Army came to St. Albans ; and here, we are 
told, it was that he difpatched away Col. Lidcot to 
the Parliament, without confulting their Commif- 
iioners, defiring Quarters might be affigned to his 
Army, and the Regiments which attended as Guards 
to the Parliament, to be removed to Country Quar- 
ters. Our Author fays, That this Requeft was, 
with fome Sort of Difficulty, obtained ; but it does 
not appear fo by the Abftra&s we have given from 
the 'Journals ; though, he adds, the Parliament had 
no Reafon to be diffident of the General ; for his 
whole Army, with which he was to enter the Town, 
was fomewhat lefs than thofe which were to walk 
out : And the Parliament having had long and frefti 


72 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Experience of the reftlefs Spirit of their Englifl) Sol- 
diers, they muft look upon their Scots as Men of a 
different Temper, and better to be trufted. Nor, 
uary ' indeed, could they do lefs than to take thefe their 
Reftorers for their Guards, the Smallnefs of their 
Number not giving the leaft Shadow of Jealoufy : 
And when they were at London they were not to be 
under the fole Command of Monke y becaufe the 
Army was governed by Commiflioners, and Hafil- 
rigge would not allow, adds the Doctor, that our 
General fhould be called by any other Name than 
Commiffioner Monke. 

It may be remembered, that, on the fame Day 
the Parliament received the laft Meflage from the 
General, they alfo got a Letter from Scott and Ro- 
binfon, informing them with the Addrefies of the 
Country to him, which Dr. Price explains the Te- 
nor of above, and which produced the fubfequent 
Order of the Houfe. But this Writer further tells 
us, That, befides Addrefles, the General was bu- 
fied in receiving numerous Viilts; all of which were 
very diftafteful to thofe Honourable Spies, Scot t and 
Robinfon, who fometimes in Civility, or for Dif- 
patch of their own Bufmefs, would withdraw : But 
their Apartment was only feparated from the Ge- 
neral's by a Wainfcot-Door, through which they 
either found or made a Hole to hear and fee. This 
the General took Notice of to our Author, and 
animadverted upon it with a Sort of fcornful Indig- 

We hope the Reader will forgive a Digrefiion 
from the main Subject, if we infert the following 
Story in our Author's own Words. Speaking of 
their Quarters at St. /Jlbans y he adds, * But here 
we fpent one Day extraordinary at the Church ; 
the famous Hugh Peters, Mr. Lee of Hatfidd, and 
another, carrying on the Work of the Day, which 
was a Faft. Peters fupererogated, and prayed a 
]ong Prayer in the General's Quarters too at Night. 
As for his Sermon, he managed it with fome Dex- 
terity at the firft, allowing the Cantings of his Ex- 

preflions : 


preffions : His Text was Pfalm cvii. 7. He led tkem Inter-regmn. 
y<7r/ by the right Way, that they might go to the ^59 
City of Habitation. With his Fingers on the Cu- v *"7" v """' 1 *'* 
filion he meafured the right Way from the Red J anuar y* 
Sea, through the WilderneTs, to Canaan ; told us it 
was not forty Days March, but God led Ifrael forty 
Years through the Wildernefs before they came thi- 
ther; yet this was ft ill the Lord's right Way, who 
led his People crinkledom cum crankledom. And he 
particularly defcended into the Lives of the Patri- 
archs, how they journey'd up and down, tho' there 
were Promifes of Bleffing and reft to them. Then 
he reviewed our Civil Wars, our Intervals of Peace, 
and frefh Diffractions and Hopes of Reft ; but tho' 
the Lord's People, he faid, were not yet come to 
the City of Habitation, he was ftill leading them on 
in the right Way, how dark foever his Difpenfations 
might appear to us. Before he concluded, he feem'd 
to me to preach his own Funeral Sermon. 

' But it was in thofe Days obferved of an Army- 
Faft, that it commonly proved the Fore-runner of 
fome folemn Mifchief, and rendered their Gover- 
nors (whofe Supremacy, in Caufes Ecclefiaftical, 
was not owned by thefe Kind of Subjects) jealous 
of them : For they would not fcruple religioufly to 
meet to feek the Lord, without the Mandate and 
Direction of their Mafters ; and, in Truth, they 
knew fo well at what Turning to find him, that 
their Seeking was never in vain/ 

We now leave the Doctor and his General at 
St. Allans a-while, and go back to fee what is be- 
come of our other two Contemporary Hiftorians, 
Whitlocke and Ludlow, efpecially fince the Whirl of 
thefe Times, we find, greatly affected them both. 
In the Courfe of the Journals, before given, the 
Reader might obferve that Ludlow was indicted for 
High Treafon, and Whitkcke ordered to attend the 
Parliament at the Bar of the Houfe ; let us then 
fee what Account they give of th mfelves, in thefe 
A ffairs, in their own Works. 


74 ffle Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. After the Dialogue before-mentioned, between 
1659. Wbitlocke and Fleetwood, about being before-hand 
- v^-* with Monke in reftoring the King, and the latter's 
January. j^f^ tnat Memorialift goes on and tells us, 
initlotkSs Ac-' That Col. Ingoldjby and fome others applied to 
count of Aftairs hj m ; anc j } reprefenting the prefent Circumftances 
at this Period j of - A ff a | rS) a dvifed him to make off with the Great 
Seal, and convey it to the King j but he, unluckily, 
not confenting, they left him, and made Terms for 
themfelves : That, afterwards, when the old Par- 
liament was reftored to their Seats again, Wbitlocke 
faw how Things paffed, and knew very well they 
would be fevere againft him for adting in the Com- 
mittee of Safety : That Scott and Nevil had threaten- 
ed to take away his Life; the former having faid, 
That be Jhould be bang'd with the Great Seal about 
his Neck-, all which made him confider how to pro- 
vide for his own Safety. 

* However, having a Summons amongft the reft 
to take his Seat in the Houfe, he ventured to appear 
there, and found many of his old Friends, who all 
looked very my upon him ; and fome of them ad- 
vifed him not to come to the Houfe on the Day ap- 
pointed to confider of abfent Members. That, fome 
Days after, obferving a great Sharpnefs in the Houfe 
towards thofe who had acted during the Interrup- 
tion ; and being alfo informed of the Defign of 
fome to queftion him there, and to have him fent 
to the Toiver, he thought it moft advifeable to leave 
them, and retire to a Friend's Houfe in the Coun- 
try. Thus this Weathercock of a Man, who had 
chopped and changed with every Form of Govern- 
ment fince the Regal one was fubverted, had now 
jnade himfelf fo faft, that, not being able to get 
backward or forward, he thought it beft to abfcond 
rather than wait his Doom. Here he ftill continued 
to write his Memoirs ; but nothing more is to be 
found in them than what is in much better Au- 

Luil*w\ alfo. Our other Memorialift, Ludlow, was a Man that 
e4 upon much more ftsady Principles than the 

former - a 

Of E N G L A N D. 7$ 

former j and, through the whole Courfe of his Me* Inter-regnum. 
moirs, preferves a firm Attachment to the Repub- * 6 59 
lican Scheme, of having the Government of thefe * v * 
Nations put into the Hands of a purged Houfe of J anu8I T* 
Commons, and a Council of State, without Houfe 
of Lords, or any Single Perfon whatfoever. This 
Maxim, we fay, he purfued to the laft ; and, being 
much more explicit than our former Hiftorian, on 
the prefent Pofture of Affairs, we ihall beg Leave 
to quote his own Words, making no Apology for the 
Numbers of them, fince they help much further 
to explain many Hints already given from the 
Journals, and fet them in a clearer Light to the 
Reader. After reciting the many Proteftations that 
Monke made, in his March from the North, to ftand 
by and defend the Parliament, he adds, The Par- 
liament being willing to encourage him in the good 
Refolutions he profeiled to have taken, fent Mr. 
Thomas Scott and Mr. Luke Robinfon, Members of the 
Houfe, to be Commiffioners from them to him. Mr. 
Scott had kept a long Correfpondence with him, and, 
after the laft Interruption, had publifhed fome of his 
Letters, wherein Monke declared his Refolution to 
live and die with the Parliament, without a King, 
Single Perfon, or Houfe of Lords. Thefe two Per- 
fons were, in Appearance, much courted by Monke y 
who pretended to be wholly direded by their Advice. 
And when the CommilTioners for the City of Lon- 
don, or the Gentry of thofe Parts where he paffed, 
applied themfelves to him for the Reftitution of the 
fecluded Members, he referred them to the Judge- 
ment of the Parliament, to whom, he faid, he was 
refolved intirely to fubmit. He alfo follicited Sir 
Arthur Hafilrigge^ and fome others of the Houfe, 
that the Sectarian Party might be removed out of 
the Army, fending a Lift of the Names of all thofe 
who had been continued in their Employments by 
the Army, during the late Interruption ; and pre- 
tended that a Commonwealth could not poffibly 
be eftabliftied whilft fuch Men were in Power. 

What he did relating to the Affairs of Ireland* 
was carried more covertly, and coloured with the 


76 The Parliamentary H i s TOR v 

Inter-regnum. Name of Sir Charles Coote. And becaufe he knew 
l6 *9- I had fome Reputation with Sir Arthur Hafilrigge, 

V- v' and the Commonwealth-Party of the Houfe, he 
' ary * made ufe of Sir Anthony JJhley Cooper, Mr. Weaver, 
Mr. Juftice St. John, Mr. Robert Reynolds, and 
fome others, to obtain what he defired in that Mat- 

' Thefe Gentlemen were informed that the Coun- 
cil of State, notwithftanding all the Arts that had 
been ufed to calumniate me, had agreed upon a 
Report to be made to the Parliament, That Sir 
Hardrefs Waller, Lieut. Col. Walker, and Major 
Godfrey, might be intrufted, in Conjunction with 
jne, with the Management of Affairs in Ireland. 
They knew alfo that the two laft would be ready to 
do any honeft Thing I fhould advife ; and there- 
fore fearing, left the Parliament might agree with 
the Council of State upon the Report, they procured 
the Debate to be adjourned for three Days, within 
which Time they fo ordered the Matter, that Col. 
Bridges, and the two Warrens, prefented to the 
Parliament the Charge of High Treafon againft the 
Commiffioners and me, as I mentioned before : 
Whereof Monke's Party in the Houfe made fuch 
Advantage, as not only to refufe their Concurrence 
with the Council of State, in their Report concern- 
ing me, but alfo, by the Help of the Lawyers Rhe- 
toric, who were my profefled Adverfaries on account 
of my Endeavours to reform the Practice of the Law, 
pafled a Vote to require me to deliver the Fort ot 
Duncannon into the Hands of the Profecutors ; fome 
of them moving, that, in cafe of Refufal, I fhoud 
be declared a Traitor, and fent for in Cuftody ; 
which perhaps might have parted alfo, if Mr. Henry 
Nevill, who fingly had the Courage to defend me 
in that Conjuncture, had not fpoken in my Behalf, 
defiring them not to entertain a Jealoufy of a faith- 
ful Servant upon Informations unproved, nor to do 
any thing to the Prejudice of my Reputation, till I 
fhould be heard ; when, he doubted not, I would 
make appear, that I had always endeavoured to pro- 
mote their Service : But I was not the only Perfon 

born 2 


borne down by this Torrent. Sir Arthur Hafilrigge inter-regnum. 
himfelf having parted with Sir Henry Vane and Ma- '659. 
jor Sal-way^ his molt able and beft Friends, began ** "V*" >^ 
to lofe Ground, and all that he faid in the Houfe or Jaauary ' 
elfe where to go for nothing. And tho' they could 
find no Colour to remove him as they had done the 
other two, yet having already rendered him infigni- 
ficant in the Parliament, they refolved he fhould 
have as little Power in the Army. To that End it 
was contrived that Monke {hould write to the Par- 
liament, that, for their greater Security, the Forces 
that were in and about London, amounting to about 
7 or 8000 Horfe and Foot, might be removed to a 
farther DLftance, to make Room for thofe that he 
had with him, prefuming to name to the Parliament 
fome particular Regiments which he principally in- 
filled to have removed, amongft which Sir Arthur 
Hafilrigge^ Regiment of Horfe was one. And fo 
tame was the Parliament grown, that tho' it was 
moft vifible he defigned their Ruin, yet, on his bare 
Word and empty Proteftations, they not only 
trufted him, but obeyed him as their Superior, and 
ordered all that he defired to be put in Execution. 

* Notwithftanding this unhappy Pofture of Af- 
fairs, thinking it my Duty to clear ruyfelf of the 
Afperfions caft upon me, and to improve the fmall 
Intereft I had left for the Service of the Public Caufe, 
I refolved to take my Place in Parliament : And, in 
order thereunto, being accompanied by Mr. Henry 
Nevill, I attended Sir Arthur Hafilrigge at White* 
ball 9 where I gave him a ftiort Account of my Ac- 
tions fince I had laft feen him, of my Endeavours in 
Ireland to ferve the Public, of the State of Affairs 
there, of the Principles and Practices of thofe that 
had aflumed the Power in that Country, and of the 
Readinefs of the Soldiers, and moft of the Officers 
in that Army, to have ferved the Parliament faith- 
fully and ufefully, if they had been true to them- 
felves and their own Intereft. I alfo acquainted 
him with the Senfe I had of the late fevere, if I 
might not fay unjuft, Proceedings againftme, which 
feemed to me to be fuch a Requital of my faithful 


^8 tfhe Parliamentary HISTORIC 

tnter-regnum. Services, that if I expected ray Reward from Meri^ 
1659. I {hould rather chufe to ferve the Great Turk. But 

U "*> W that I might not be wanting to myfelf, and in order 
January, tQ j u ft|fy m y own Innocence, if 1 could do no fur- 
ther Good, I had refolved to go to the Parliament- 
Houfe the next Morhino;, defiring his Advice and 
that of Mr. Nevill for my Government when I 
fhould come thither. Sir Arthur was unwilling to 
Center into any Difcourfe concerning what had lately 
paired, faying;, It was too late to recall Things now; 
and then told us how his Enemies thought to en- 
fnare him, by Monke's Motion to the Parliament 
for removing his Regiment from London^ thinking 
thereby to create a Difference between him and 
Monke, wherein he had difappointed them by defi- 
ring their Removal himfelf, contrary to their Ex- 
pectation j entering into a prolix Commendation of 
Monke; and afTuring us, that he was a Perfon on 
whofe Fidelity they might fafely rely. 

4 If I may be permitted to deliver my Senfe 
touching this" Difcourfe of Sir Arthur Hafilrigge, I 
conjecture it proceeded partly from an Apprehen- 
fion that Things were already gone fo far, that he 
doubted whether he {hould put any Stop to them, 
and partly from fome Sparks of Hope that Monks 
could not be fuch a Devil to betray a Truft fo freely 
repofed in him ; for he kept a conftant Correfpon- 
dence with Sir Arthur, and in all his Letters re- 
peated the Engagements of his Fidelity to the Par- 
liament, with Expreflions of the greateft Zeal for a 
Commonwealth Government. 

In the Conclufion it was agreed between us, that 
"when I came into the Houfe 1 {hould iit as privately 
as I could, and obferve the Temper of the Mem- 
bers, before I fhould put them upon the Confidera- 
tion of my Affair. Accordingly I went to the Houfe, 
and though they had ufed me in the Manner A have 
related, yet they treated me very civilly, fome of 
them telling me, in a jefting Way, that it was not 
ufual for Men, accufed of High Treafon, to be fo 
well received in that Place. Having taken out a 
Copy of the Charge exhibited againff tlje Commif- 



{loners and me, I found the Commiffioners to be Inter-regnum. 
charged with altering their Title, during the late l6 &*__ t 
Interruption, from Commiffioners of Parliament to p r~*~^ 
Commiffioners of the Commonwealth ; and that they 
had fent a Ship of War to prevent any Relief to, or 
Correfpondence with, the Garrifon of ^yr, in Scot- 
land, who had declared for the Parliament : Befides 
which, Col. "John 'Jones was accufed for taking part 
with the Army againft the Parliament, not only in 
the Particulars aforefaid, but alfo in his Anfwer to 
the Letter written by Monke to me, on Suppofition 
that I was then in Ireland^ to invite me to a Con- 
junction with him for the Reftitution of the Parlia- 
ment ; and likewife for promoting a Subfcription to 
the Government of the Army amongft the Officers 
in Ireland. As for me, I was charged with affifting 
the Army in England^ and doing Ah of Hoftility 
by Sea and Land againft thofe in Ireland^ who had 
declared for the Parliament. Whereupon I moved 
the Houfe that they would be pleafed, according to 
their Order, to hear me touching their Affairs in 
Ireland^ and to permit me to juftify myfelf, which 
J did the rather that I might have an Opportunity 
to procure that mifchievous Order for the Surrender 
of Duncannon to be recalled, hoping that it had not 
yet been put in Execution. But all that I could 
obtain was, to have a Day appointed when I mould 
be heard. Mr. Miles Corbett, who arrived in Eng- 
land fome Days before me, was fo terrified with the 
Proceedings of the Parliament againft Sir Henry 
Vane and Major Salway, together with the Name 
of a Charge of High Treafon againft himfelf, that 
he had never appeared publickly fmce his Arrival, 
till, upon fome Difcourfe with me, he took Courage, 
and went with me to the Houfe/ 

But we now leave thefe political Hiftorians and 
go on with the Journals : 

February i. The Parliament, ever fmce it was 
re-inftated in its Power and Authority, had gi- 
ven out new Commiffions, by the Hands of their 
Speaker, almoft every Day, to the Officers of the 


80 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ipter-regnum. Army j and was continued this Month, in order to 
1659. make them, in fame Meafure, acknowledge the 
^^~v~** - Parliament as the Source from whence they deduced 
February. ^ e \ r Maintenance and Support. But knowing very 
well that alone would not keep thefe reftlefs Spirits 
quiet, and being alarmed at fome Disturbance made 
by the Troops that were removed from London to 
make Way for Monke and his Army to take up their 
Quarters, they this Day ordered the Committee for 
the Army to iilue out Warrants for one Month's ad- 
ditional Pay to be given to thofe Regiments of Horfe 
and Foot who marched out on this Occalion. 

The fame Day they received another Letter from 
General Monke., dated St. Albans, Jan. 30, 1659, 
the Purport of it not entered ; but, after the read- 
ing of it, it was ordered, * That the Cuftody of St. 
James's Park be, and is hereby, granted and com- 
mitted unto Commiflioner General George Monke t 
to hold and enjoy the Cuftody of the laid Park du- 
ring the Pleafure of the Parliament.' 

The Serjeant at Arms was ordered forthwith 
to take Sir Henry Vane into Cuftody, and to take 
Care that he be conveyed to his Houfe at Bellew, in 
order to his going to his Houfe at Raby, according 
to the former Order of Parliament. 

A Committee appointed to infpecl the public 
Treafuries of the Commonwealth, to fee what Mo- 
nies are there, and give a fpeedy Account thereof to 

Lieut. Gen. Ludlow was ordered to give an Ac- 
count to the Houfe of the Affairs in Ireland, on this 
Day Se'nnight ; the Petition from the Company of 
Foot in Duncannon Fort to be then read. 

Lajlly, the Bill for approving and juftifying the 
Actions of General George Monke, was read a fe- 
cond Time, and, upon the Queftion, ordered to be 

February 2. The Aft for conflicting a Com- 
mittee for the Army and Treafurers at War, was 
this Day read a third Time, and palTed, and was 
crdered to be printed and publifhed. 



Col. tfcbite reported from the Committee of Infpe&ion of 
the Public Money the following Account : 

Remain, ended Oft. 12, 
Receipts fithence, ufque Dec. 27, 

1659. Public Revenue. 
Cuftoms and Sublidies .. .. .. 

Excife and New Impoft 
Farmers of the Excife of Beer 
Tonnage and Poundage of Coals 
Conveying Water \ioWeftminfter 

Poftage of Letters 

Farmers of the IfTues of Jurors 
Receiver- General - . 
Rents of Lands .. < 

Fines for Alienations . .... 
Probate of Wills 

Sheriffs of Counties, 13 c. 

Sheriffs of Cities, &V. 
Compofitions in the Exchequer 

Recufants - . 

Lands feized and extended 

Treafurers at Drary-Houfe 

Commiffioners of Excife, &c. 1 

for Beer, fcfV. ] 

Treafurers for the Piedmont \ 


Arrears of Subfidies 

Treafurers for Dean and Chap- 1 
ters Lands 3 


Public Money deposited, and 7 
not yet accounted for J 


To Gualier Froft, Efq; Trea-T 
farer of the Council's Contingen- 1 
cies, in Part of is;oo/. for Con- > 
tingencies, by Order of the Coun- 1 
cil of State, dated Sept. 17, 1659 
To him more, in Part of 3000 /. 
by Order of the Council of State, 
dated OR. 13, 1659 

Carried over, 

































4 8 























J 5 










280 o o 



115580 i (5 


*The Parliamentary HITOSRY 


522 19 9 

'- Brought over, 

To him more, by Order of the J 
Council of State, dated Off. 25, J- 1450 o o 
1659, for Salaries 3 

To him more, in Part of 7coo/. 1 
in Satisfaftion of Warrants charg'd / 
on him, and anfwering Bills of Ex- f 
change, by Order dated Ofl. 25-, 1 

To him more, by Order dated") 
Oft. 20, 1659, to be by him if- ( 2QO 
lued to Mr. Scott, one of the f 
Members of the Council J 

To him more, by Letters Pa- "J 
tent, dated Nov. 24, 1659, to be ( 
by him ifiued upon Warrants from C 
the Committee of Safety J 

To him more, in Part of 5 coo /. ' 
for the Garrifon of Dunkirk, 
Letters Patent, dated Nav. 

To Richard Hutchinfon, Efqj' 
Treafurer of the Navy, in Part of 
i ooooo /. by Order of the Coun- 
cil of State, dated Sept. 7, 1659 

To him more, in Part ofl 
zcoooo/. by Letters Patent, da- V 19023 17 
ted Dec. i, 1659 3 ~~" 

557 = 

coo/. T 
*, by f 
\ 28, r 




72989 10 

To John Blackwell and Ricbar<T 
Deane, Efqrs. Treafurers at War, 
in full of what remained due to 
them upon an Order of the Com- 
mittee of Safety, of May 18, 1659, 
by Letters Patent, dated Dec. i, 

To them more, in Part of"] 
I7397/. 71. j d. in full of what \ 
remains due unto them upon an 
Order of the Council of State, off 3 ' 
July 12, 1659, by the falne Let- i 
ters Patent J 

4043 10 6 


18 sU 


Carried over, 








/. S. 

Brought over, 

To John Brefly, Efq; Treafurer") 
for fick and maimed Soldiers, in j 
Part of 4490 / being the Remain- j 
derof 6ooo/. for two Months Pay, } 
appointed by Order of Parliament j 
to be paid to the fick and maimed J 
Soldiers, by Order of the Council j 
of State, dated Oft, 14, 1659 

To him more, upon Account, 
for fick and maimed Soldiers, by 
Letters Patent, dated Nov. 24, 

To him more, in Part of 3000 /. 
for fick and maimed Soldiers, by 
Letters Patent, dated Dec. 16, 

Affairs of Flanders. 

To Edward Blackwell, of Lon-~\ 
don, Goldfmith, in full of 4000 /. | 
to be by him tranfmitted to Dun- ^ 
kirk, by Order of the Council of | 
State, dated Sept. 27, 1659 J 

To him more, upon the weekly") 
Sum of i 200 /. to be by him tranf- j 
mitted to Dunkirk, by Order of the ^- 
Council of State, dated Oft. 20, j 
1659 J 

To him more, in Part of i ooo /. ") 
being fo much charged on him by | 
Bill of Exchange from the Lord )> 
Lodbart, by Order of the Council j 
of State, dated Oft. 20, 16^9 J 

To him more, in Part of") 
4600 /. to be by him paid to the \ 
Commander in Chief of the Forces ^ 
at Dunkirk, by Letters Patent, da- | 
ted Dec. i, 1659 J 

To him. more, in full of an") 
Order of the Council of State, of j 
Otl. 20, 1659, for 1000 /. being J 
fo much charged on him by Bill V 
of Exchange from the Lord Lock- j 
hart, by Letters Patent, dated | 
Dec. i, 1659 J 

/. s. 
86019 *9 

v. 2250 

o o 

2901 10 8 " 

1 200 o o 

2400 o o 

326 1 6 5 



f 2 

Carried ever, 9577* 9 

40 o o 

4 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Brought over, 
Fees and Penfions. 

To the Lady Elizabeth Carr,~\ 
in Part of i6o/. for the Arrears of j 
a Penfion of ico/. per Ann. due ! 
for one Year feven Months and f 
nine Days, by Letters Patent, j 
dated Dec. 13, 1659 J 

To Cornelius He/land, Efq; for") 
Arrears of a Penfion of 80 /. per j 
Ann. due for fix Years and an half, j 
ended Sept. 29, 1659, by Letters 
Patent, dated Dec. 19, 1659. By r 
two Tallies, 400 /. on Aliena- 
tions; and I20/. on Probate of 

To Bulftrode Lord Wbitlocke," 
Keeper of the Great Seal of Eng- 
land, upon his Fee of iooo/. per 
Ann. unpaid unto him for Mi- 
cbaelmas Term laft, by Letters 
Patent, dated Dec. 20, 1659. By 
Tally on the Excife-Office 

To Sir Andrew Dick, Knt. up- 
on his Penfion of 5 /. per Wee 




o o 

2CO O O 

30 o o 



1225 o o 

for fix Weeks, ended Nov. \ 2, 
1659, by Order of Parliament of } 
Aug. 1 1, 1659 J 

Payments of fundry Natures. 

To Mr. Symball, due and ow- 
ing to him by the State, for Coals 
Oats, &c. by Order of the Coun- 
cil of State, dated Off. 13, 1659 

To Martin Noel/, in Satisfac--* 
tion of feveral Sums of Money / 
by him paid upon Bills of Ex- > 2000 
change, by Order of the Council J 
of State, dated QEl. 3, 1659 

To Robert Walton, Citizen and^ 
Draper of London, for black Cloth 
by him heretofore fold and deli 
vered for the Funeral of his late 
Highncfs Oliver Lord Proteftor, 
by Letters Patent, dated Nov. 22, 
1659. By Tally on Dr#ry-Hou/e . 

Carried orer, 70154. 6 5 

840 o 

6929 651 


9 To 


/. i. d. I- s- '- 

Brought over, 10154 6 5 96611 9 II 

To Job* Marios, Efq; for Dif-" 

burfemenrs in the Bufinefs of In- 

telligence, and other public Ser- 

vices to the Commonwealth by 

> 2 999 5 7 

him done and performed, by Let- 

ters Patent, dated Dec. 3, 1659. 

By Tally on the Port Office 

To GfOfgs Downing, Efq; in" 

Part of 1216 /. 9-r. 10 d. due and 

owing to him upon his Account of 

Monies difburfed for the Service 

. 200 o o 

of his Negotiation in ttfe Low- 

Countries, by Letters Patent, dated 

Dec. 12, 1659 

To Jobn Blackwell, Efq; Ad-' 
miniftrator of the Goods and Chat- 

+ 16367 12 

tels of Jskn Black-well, his Father, 

deceafed,inPart of 14967. is. id. 

II2979 l " 

due to the Eftate of his faid Fa- 
t-rver, upon an Order of Parliament 
of Nov. 15, 1659, difcovered by 

> 1014 o o 

Receipts from p. 81. 

115530 16 ii 

him, by Letters Patent, dated 

Difburferr.ents as 

Dec. 19, 1659. By Tally on 


Thomas Wbittington 

112979 I II 

To Capt. Thomas Lodington, in" 

Part of 5000 /. for Viftuals of fe- 

veral Sorts, Hay, and other Provi- 

fions, by him tranfported to Dun- 

2OOO O O - 

kirk, by Letters Patent, dated 

Dec. 8, 1659. By Tally on 0ra0j* 

tiwft . 

And fo remaineth in the Receipt of the Public 1 2611 o 
Exchequer, this 27th Day of December, 16593 -> 

Then the Houfe came to the following Refolutions : 
' Refolved, That the Sum of 520 /. be paid out of the Public 
Revenue of the Exchequer to Cornelius Holland,, Efq; upon Pre- 
tence of Arrears of a Penfion of 20 /. per Annum, alledged to be 
due for fix Years and a Half, ending the 2Qth of September^ 1659, 
was paid and iflued out by an illegal Warrant. 

* Ordered, That Cornelius Holland, Efq; on Sight of this Or- 
der, do forthwith pay the faid Sum of 2507. into the Public Re- 
ceipt of the Exchequer, for the Ufe of the Commonwealth. 

F 3 'Re- 

86 tfhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Tnter-regnum, * Refolved, That the Sum of 520 /. paid out of 
l6 59- the Public Revenue of the Exchequer, to BulJIrodc 
*- v~ ' Lord Whitlocke, upon Pretence of his Fee of iooc/. 
February. ^ ^ nn um y unpaid unto him for Michaelmas Term 
laft, upon Pretence of Letters Patent, dated Decem- 
ber 20, 1659, was paid and iffued out by an illegal 

Ordered, That Bulfirode Lord Wbltlocke do 
forthwith, on Sight hereof, pay into the public Re- 
ceipt of the Exchequer, the faid Sum of 250 /. for 
the Ufe of the Commonwealth. 

Ordered, That the Plate, in the Cuftody of 
the Committee appointed toHake Care of the Goods 
belonging to the Commonwealth, in Whitehall and 
Hampton-Court, be forthwith fold; and that the 
Money raifed thereby do go towards Payment of 
the Army. 

Refolved, That in cafe any Tally or Tal- 
lies, hath or have been {truck for the Sum of 
6929 /. 6 s. $d. or any Part thereof, or any Part of 
the faid Money paid unto Robert Walton, Citizen and 
Draper of London^ for black Cloth by him hereto- 
fore fold and delivered for the Funeral of the late 
Lord -General Cromwell^ the fame was done by 
illegal Warrant ; and it is ordered, That all Monies 
paid out of the Treafuries of the Commonwealth, 
by Colour of any fuch Warrant, be forthwith re- 
paid by the faid Robert Walton. 

Col. White alfo reported a Paper delivered in to 
the faid Committee of Infpections, by John Thurloe y 
Efq; which was read, 

Refolved, That a Warrant for a Tally on the 
Poll-Office for Payment of 2999^ 5*. jd. to John 
Thurloe^ Efq; for Difburfements in the Bufinefs of 
Intelligence, and other public Services to the Com- 
monwealth by him, by Colour of Letters Patent, 
dated December 12, 1659, is null and void. 

Ordered, That the faid Paper and Cafe of John. 
Thurloe^ Efq; touching his Difburfements and "Ser- 
vices for the Commonwealth, be referr'd to the Con- 
fideration of the Council of State, and they to report 
their Opinion therein to the Parliament forthwith. 

Of E N G L A N D. 87 

4 Ordered, That the whole Bufinefs concerning Inter-regnum. 
the Port- Office, and what hath been received by 
Mr. Prideauxj late Attorney- General, out of the 
fame, and what Account hath been made thereof, 
be referred to a Committee to examine, and they to 
ftate the Matter of Fact, and report it to the Parlia- 
ment, with their Opinion thereon. 

' Refolved, That the pretended Warrant for 
Payment of ioi4/. to John Blackwell, Efqj in Part 
of 14967. u. 2(L pretended to be due to the Eftate 
of "John Blackwell^ Efq; deceafed, upon an Order of 
Parliament of the I5th of November , 1650, and 
other Warrants for Payment of 1800 /. more, and 
all other Tallies ftruck for the fame, are illegal : 
And it is 

Ordered, That the faid John Black-well do 
forthwith, on Sight of this Order, pay into the pub- 
lic Exchequer the Sum of ioi4/. received out of 
the public Revenue of the Exchequer, by Colour of 
the faid Warrant or Warrants. 

4 Ordered, That it be referred to the Committee, 
to whom the Bufinefs touching the Poft-Office is 
referred, to examine what Sum or Sums of Money, 
or other Satisfaction in Lands, or otherwife, have 
been paid or made to "John Blackwell^ Efq; deceafed, 
or to the faid John Blackwell, his Son, in Satisfaction 
of the faid pretended Debt, and report it to the Par- 

February 3. This Day the Houfe refumed the 
Debate on the Qualifications, but could not agree 
on the firft Paragraph of it, fo adjourned it to the 
next. Thefe Qualifications were debated de Die in 
Diem for fome Time before they were concluded ; 
we mail therefore poftpone them till they were fi- 
nally agreed upon, and then an Abftracl of the Acl: 
itfelf may be fufficient, as they were all vacated by a 
Refolution of the Houfe on the 24th of this Month. 

The City of London feems now to be growing 
very tumultuous ; for, this Day, it was ordered, 
That it be be referred to the Council of State, to ex- 

88 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-rfgnum, amine the whole Bufmefs touching the Difturbances 
1659. which happened laft Night in the City of London, to 
<> s-~> ftate the Matter of Fact, and report their Opinion, 
February. w k at was t to ^ e (] one therein, and how to pre- 
vent the like Tumults for the future.' 

February 4. Ordered, That Commiffioner- 
General Monke do attend the Houfe on Monday 
next the 6th Inftant, to receive the Senfe of the 
Parliament, in Relation to his fignal and faithful 
Services ; and that Mr. Scott and Mr. Robinfon do 
accompany him.' 

February 6. But, on this Day, we find no Men- 
tion made of an Interview between the General and 
the Parliament, in the Journals ; though it certainly 
happened. There is a Hiatus, marked with Afte- 
rifms, at the End of this Day's Proceedings, in 
which, 'tis probable, the Clerk fhould have entered 
it : But we have met with the Speech the General 
made to the Houfe, at this their firft Meeting, which 
we give as follows : b 

Mr. Speaker, 

General Monke^s*. /t Mongft the many Mercies of God to thefe 
firft Speech to t rA poor Nations, your peaceable Reftoration 

V, U,.1;,r^r,r J- * . ? J. . 


the Parliament, t is nQt the Jeaft . 

c belongs the Glory of it. And I efteem it as a 
great Effect of his Goodnefs to me, that he was 
' pleafed to make me, amongft many worthier in 
' your Service, fome way inftrumental in rt. I did 

* nothing but my Duty, and do not deferve to re- 
' ceive fo great Honour and Refpect as you are 
4 pleafed to give me at this Time and Place, which 

* 1 fliall ever acknowledge as an, high Mark of your 
' Favour to me. 

' Sir, I fliall not now trouble you with large 
*. Narratives, only give me Leave to acquaint you, 
that, as I marched from Scotland hither, I obferved 


H From a Cngle Pamphlet, intituled, The Lord-General Monke'* 
Speech, delivered by him in the Parliament, on Monday, February , 
1659. Edinburgh, re-printed by Chriftopher Higgins, in Hart* 
Clofe, ovcr.againfl tie Troae Church, 1660. 

Of E N G L A N D. 89 

the People in moft Counties in great and earneft Inter-regnum* 

* Expectations of Settlement ; and they made feve- l6 53- 

' ral Applications to me, with numerous Subfcrip- '""TV ""^ 
tions. The chiefeft Heads of their Defires were, 

* For a free and full Parliament, and that you would 

* determine your fitting ; a Gofpel Miniftry j En- 

* couragement of Learning and Univerfities ; and for 

* Admittance of the Members fecluded before 1648, 

* without any previous Oath or Engagement. To 

* which I commonly anfwered, That you are now 

* in a free Parliament ; and if there be any Force 

* remaining upon you, I would endeavour to remove 
' it; and that you had voted to fill up your Houfe, 
4 and then you would be a full Parliament alfo ; 

* and that you had already determined your fitting. 

* And for the Miniftry, their Maintenance, the 

* Laws and Univerfities, you had largely declared 

* in your laft Declaration, and I was confident you 
4 would adhere to it ; but as for thofe Gentlemen 

* fecluded in the Year 1648, I told them you had 

* given Judgement in it, and all People ought to> 
acquiefce in that Judgment ; but to admit any 
' Members to fit in Parliament, without a previous 

* Oath or Engagement to fecure the Government 

* in Being, it was never yet done in England. And 
' although I faid it not to them, I muft fay it, with 
' Pardon, to you, That the lefs Oaths and Engage- 

* ments are impofed, (with Refpedt had to the Se- 
' curity of the Common Caufe) your Settlement 

* will be the fooner attained to. I am the more 

* particular in thefe Matters, to let you fee how 

* grateful your prefent Confultations about thefe 
' Things will be to the People. I know all the fo- 

* ber Gentry will heartily clofe with you, if they 

* may be tenderly and gently ufed ; and I am fure 

* you will fo ufe them, as knowing it to be our 

* common Concern, to expatiate, and not to nar- 

* row our Interefts : And to be careful neither the 

* Cavalier nor Fanatic Party have yet a Share in 
' your Civil or Military Power ; of the laft of whofe 

* Impatience to Government, you have had fo fe- 

* vere Experience. 

90 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. < I fliould fay fomething of Ireland and Scotland : 
< Indeed Ireland is in an ill Condition, and made 
' worfe by your fudden Interruption, which pre- 

* vented the paffing an Adi for the Settlement of the 
c Eftates of Adventurers and Soldiers there, which 
I heard you intended to have done in a few Days ; 

* and I prefume it will be quickly done, being fo 

* neceflary at this Time, when the Wants of the 

* Commonwealth call for Supplies, and People will 
' unwillingly pay Taxes for thofe Eftates of which 
c they have no legal Aflurance. I need not tell 

* you how much your Favour was abufed in the 

* Nomination of your Officers of your Army there : 
Their Malice hath been fufficiently manifefted. I 

* I dare affirm that thofe now that have declared for 

* you, will continue faithful, and thereby evince, 

* that, as well there as here, it is the fober Intereft 

* that muft eftablifh your Dominion. 

* As for Scotland; I muft fay the People of that 
' Nation deferve much to be cherifhed ; and I be- 

* lieve your late Declaration will much glad their 

* Spirits ; for nothing was more dreadful to them, 

* than a Fear to be over-run with fanatic Notions. 

' I humbly recommend them to your Affection 
' and Efteem, and defire the intended A6t of Union 
' may be profecuted, and their Taxes made propor- 

* tionable to thofe in England, for which I am en- 

* gaged, by Promife, to be an humble Suitor to you. 

* And truly, Sir, I muft afk Leave to entreat you to 

* make a fpeedy Provifion for their Civil Govern- 
' ment, of which they have been deftitute near a 

* Year, to the Ruin of many Families : And ex- 

* cept Commiffioners for Management of the Go- 
vernment, and Judges to fit in Courts of Judica- 

* ture, be fpeedily appointed, that Country will be 
c very miferable. I directed Mr. Gumble lately to 
c prefent to you fome Names, both of Commiffion- 

* ers and Judges : But by reafon of your great Af- 

* fairs, he was not required to deliver them in Wri- 

* ting to you ; but I now humbly prefent them to 

* your Confideration.' 

Of E N G L A N D. 91 

On the yth a Bill was pafled, intituled, An ad- Inter-reguum. 
ditional Aft for Sequejirations, and ordered to be l6 59- 
printed and publifhed. Ordered, alfo, ' That the ^ ~*~~ '^ 
Houfe take into Consideration the Cafes of the 
Members of Parliament, againft whom fome Mat- 
ters are objected, on the loth Inftant, nothing to 
intervene : And that Sir John Norcott^ Sir Coplejlon 
Bampfield, Sir William Courtney ^ Sir Richard 'Temple , 
and Mr. Henry CheJIer, be fent for in fafe Cuftody 
by the Serjeant at Arms attending the Parliament.* 

February 8. Mr. Love* from the Co.uncil of State, 
informed the Houfe, That Col. Lambert either is, 
or lately was, fecretly in London ; and that it was 
the Council's Opinion he ftiould be fummoned to 
appear before them, and give good Security to do 
nothing to the Prejudice of the Commonwealth, 
afterwards to retire to Holmby, and not to remove 
from thence without Order from the Parliament ; 
which was agreed to, and a Summons ordered to 
be drawn up accordingly. Lieutenant-General 
Ludlow to give an Account to the Parliament of the 
Affairs in Ireland on that Day Se'nnight. 

February 9. Mr. Scott gave an Account to the 
Parliament of fome Refolutions taken by the Coun- 
cil of State, in relation to the City of London, and 
the Reafons thereof ; which Refolutions were read 
as follows : 

' That Commiffioners for the Government of the 
Army do appoint Forces to be and continue in the 
City of London^ for preferving the Peace thereof, 
and of the Commonwealth, and for reducing the 
City to the Obedience of the Parliament : 

' That it be referred to the faid Commiffioners to 
confider and agree of the Time and Manner of put- 
ting the faid Order in Execution : 

' That the faid Commiffioners do take Order, 
That the Pofts and Chains in the City of London be 
taken away, the Gates of the City unhinged, and 
the Portcullices thereof wedged in ; and that they 
caufe it to be done accordingly ; and fuch as fhall 
make Refiftance to oppofe them by Force : 


gz The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnuni. ' That tne CommifEoners for the Government of 
* 1659. ' the Army have Power to apprehend and feize any of 
t -v ^ the Nine late Officers, who were ordered by the Par- 
Ftbruary. liament to leave this Town ; or any other dangerous 
Perfons, who have been in Arms againft the Parlia- 
ment and Commonwealth : 

* That the Perfons hereafter named be forthwith 
feized and apprehended, viz. Mr. Vincent, Mer- 
chant in BiJhopgate-Jlreet ; Thomas Brown, Grocer 
in Wood-Jlreet ; Daniel Spencer, in Friday-Jlreet ; 
Lawrence Bromfeild and Thomas Fryar, in Tower- 
fir eet ; Major Chamberlayne ; Richard Forde, in 
teething-lane ; Major Cox, at the Swan in Dow- 
gate ; Alderman Bludworth ; Mr. Penning, in Fen- 
church-Jlreet ; and Lieut. Col. Jackfon : And that 
the Commiffioners for Government of the Army do 
take Order that the fame be done accordingly.' 

The fame Day a Letter was received from Ge- 
neral Monke, which was read as follows : 

To the Right Honourable WILLIAM LENTHALL, 
Speaker to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of 
England at Weftminfter: 

Right Honourable, Guildhall, Feb. 9, 1659. 

His Letter from* TN Qbedience to the Commands received from 
the City to the t I t h e Council laft Night, I marched with your 

* Forces into the City this Morning, and have fe- 

* cured all the Perfons except two, ordered to be fe- 

* cured, which two were not to be found : The 

* Pofts and Chains I have given Orders to be taken 

* away, but have hitherto forborne the taking down 

* of the Gates and Portcullices, becaufe it will, in 

* all Likelihood, exafperate the City ; and I have 
' good Ground of Hopes from them that they will 

* levy the AfTefs ; they defiring only firft to meet in 
4 Common Council, which they intend to do To- 
c morrow Morning. It feems probable to me, that 
4 they will yield Obedience to your Commands, and 
4 be brought to a friendly Compliance with you ; 


Of E N G L A N D. 93 

s for which Reafon I have fufpended the Execution Inter-regnuw. 

* of your Commands touching the Gates and Port- ^59* t 

* cullices, till I know your further Pleafure therein; F T'~ 
which I defire I may by this Bearer : I (hall only 

< defire that (fo your Commands may be anfwered 
' with due Obedience) fuch Tendernefs may be ufed 

* towards them, as may gain their Affections : They 

* defired the Reftoration of thofe Members of their 

* Common Council that are fecured ; which Defires 

* of theirs I (hall only commend to your grave Con- 

* fideration, to do therein as you (hall think moft 
expedient ; and, in Attendance upon your further 

* Commands, remain 

Tour maft bumble and obedient Servant, 


P. S. c I (hall become an humble Suiter to you, 
6 that you will be pleafed to haften your Qualifica- 

* tions, that the Writs may be fent out j I can allure 
6 you it will tend much to the Peace of the Country, 
6 and fatisfy many honeft Men.' 

Then it was refolved, * That the Anfwer to this 
Letter be, To fend to General Monke the former 
Refolutions of the Houfe, That the Gates of the 
City of London^ and the Portcullices thereof, be 
forthwith deftroyed ; and that he be ordered to put 
the faid Votes in Execution.' Mr. Scott , and Mr. 
Puty, jun. to carry this Meflage to the General. 

Sir Arthur Hafilrlgge reported from the Council of 
State the Opinion of the faid Council, That the 
Houfe do take into Confideration the prefent Con- 
ftitution of the Common Council of the City of 
London: And, after fome Debate, it was voted, 

* That the prefent Common Council for the City of 
London^ elected for this Year, be difcontinued, and 
are hereby declared null and void/ The Lord 
Mayor of London to have Notice of this ; himfelf 
commended by the Houfe for his difcreet Carriage; 
and a large Committee was appointed to bring in an 


94 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

jater-regnum. A& for the Choice of another Common Council, 
1659.' w ith fuch Qualifications as the Parliament Ibould 

* ^~* J think fit. 

February. Q n t k e ot h er Hand, and on the fame Day, the 
Houfe being informed that fome Petitioners were at 
the Door, they were called in ; and, being come to 
the Bar, the famous Mr. Praife-God Barebone, in 
the Name of the reft, addrefling him felt to the 
Speaker, faid, We are come to wait upon this Ho- 
nourable Houfe with a Petition from fuch as are 
Lovers of the Good Old Caufe. The Petitioners 
are fuch as have adhered to this Parliament, and 
fuch as are Lovers of Juftice, Righteoufnefs, Free- 
dom, and Lovers of a Commonwealth, accounting 
it the beft Government. There are many Subicrip- 
tions, I may fay Thoufands, and in their Names I 
do humbly prefent it to you ; and thereupon pie- 
fented the Petition; who being withdrawn, the Pe- 
tition was read, and was as folio weth : 


The REPRESENTATION and ADDRESS of the well- 
ajfeSiedPerfons Inhabitants cftbe Cities of London 
and Weftminfter, and Places adjacent, being faith- 
ful and confront Adherers to this Parliament, who 
are refolved, by the Ajfiftance of Almighty God, to 
Jland by, affert, and maintain their Authority, 
againft all Oppofers, notwithstanding the prefent 
Confidence and bold Attempts of the Promoters of 
Regal Intereft, by the declared Enemies of their 
Caufe and Authority, 

An Ad.hefs to ' "\ T 7*Hereas the Good Old Caufe was for Civil 

them from the c VV a d Chriftian Liberty, againft Oppreilion 

Sectaries in the an( j Perfection : The Oppreflbrs and Perfecutors 

6 were, chiefly, the King, his Lords and Clergy, and 

' their Adherents ; who, to effect their Defigns, 

c raifed War againft the Parliament. 

* Whereupon the Parliament, in Defence of Civil 
and Chriftian Liberty, call the Opprefled and Per- 
fecuted to their Aid ; by whofe Afliftance the 


cy* ENGLAND. 95 

6 Oppreflbrs and Perfecutors have been fubdued, Intw-regnumi 

' Kingfhip and Peerage abolifhed, and Perfecution l6 59- 

* check' d ; by which the Number of confcientious F T* -^ 
' Friends to the Parliament have been fo exceed- 

e ingly increafed, that they are now, by God's Af- 

* fiftance, in a far more able Capacity of keeping 

* down their Enemies, than they were in thofe 

* Times when they fubdued them. 

< Neverthelefs, fo watchful hath the reftlefs Ene- 
c my been to make Advantage, that what, Time 

* after Time, he hath loft in the Field, he hath en- 
deavoured to regain even in the Parliament's 
' Council; where, becaufe they had not the Face 
4 openly to bring in the King, with the former 
' Oppreflions and Perfecutions, they fhrouded and 
veiled themfelves, one while under a Perfonal 
e Treaty, another while under a Cloak of Zeal 

* againft Blafphemy and Herefy, their Endeavours 

* being to bring in the King upon any Terms ; to 
c cherifh the perfecuting Party, and to brow-beat 
< their moft confcientious Oppofers. 

' Upon which Pretences, neverthelefs, they have, 

* through Tract of Time and the Unfettlednefs of 
Government, prevailed fo far as, under the Notion 

* of a moderate Party, to get the fubtilleft of their 

* Friends into many Places of Truft and Command, 

* both Civil and Military ; through whofe Counte- 

* nance and Encouragement, albeit the Parliament, 

* ilpon good Grounds, voted the Government by 

* Kings and Lords ufelefs, burdenfome, and dan- 

* gerous, and declare very largely for Liberty of 
Confcience ; yet of late a general Boldnefs hath 

* been taken to plead a NeceiTity of returning to the 
c Government of King and Lords, a taking in of 

* the King's Son ; or, which is all one, for a Re- 

* turn of the juftly-fecluded Members, or a Free 

* Parliament, without due Qualifications ; whereby 
e the Good Old Caufe of Liberty and Freedom (fo 
c long contended for againft Regal Intereft, with the 
e Expence of much Blood and Treafure) and the 

* Aflertors thereof, will be proftituted to fatisfy the 

* Lufts of the Enemies of the Commonwealth ; 

' wherein 

96 7&> Parlkunmtnry HIST&KY 

loter-regnum. c wherein they have prevailed fo far, that, unlefs all 

l6 S9- confcientious Perfons in Parliament, Army, Navyj 

*T? V ~ < """' ' and Commonwealth, do fpeedily unite and watch-' 

tuary * fully look about them, as the Sword will certainly * 

* though fecretly and filently, be ftolen out of their 

* Hands j fo alfo will they find all Civil Authority 
fall fuddenly into the Hands of their enraged Ene- 
mies, and a Return of all thofe Violences, Op- 

* preffions, and Perfections, which have coft fo 

* much Blood and Treafure to extirpate. 

* The ferious Apprehenfions whereof hath ftirred 

* up your cordial Friends to defire you to ufe all pof- 

* fible Endeavours to prevent the Commonwealth's 
' Adverfaries in this their moft dangerous Strata- 
' gem ; and, as the moft effectual Means thereunto* 

* we pray, 

1. That you will admit no Perfon or Perfons to 

* fit or vote in this, or any future Parliament, or 

* Council of State, or to be in any Office or Judi- 

* catory, or any public Truft in the Common- 

* wealth, or Command in the Army, Navy, or Gar- 

* rifons, or to be a public Preacher to the People at 

* Sea or Land, or any Inftruclor of Youth, except 
' fuch only as {hall abjure, or, by folemn Engage- 
' ment, renounce, the pretended Title or Titles of 

* Charles Stuart, and the whole Line of the late King 
' James; and of every other Perfon, as a Single 

* Perfon, pretending, or which {hall pretend, to the 

* Crown or Government of thefe Nations of Eng- 
' land, Scotland, and Ireland, or any of them, and 
' the Dominions and Territories belonging to them, 

* or any of them ; or any other Single Perfon, 

* Kingfliip, Peerage, or any Power co-ordinate 

* with the People's Reprefentatiyes in Parliament : 

* And all coercive Power in Matter of Religion, 

* according to a Vote of a Grand Committee of this 
' Parliament of the nth of September, 1659. 

2. * We further pray that it may be enacled, 

* That whofoever fhall move, offer, or propound in 

* Parliament, Council, or any other Court or public 
' Meeting, any Matter or Thing, in order to the 

* introducing of Charles Stuart, or any of that Fa- 


Of E N G L A N D. 97 

mily as aforefaid, or any other Single Perfon, jnter-regn 

* Houfe of Lords, coercive Power in Matters of 1659. 
' Religion, or any Power co-ordinate with the 

' People's Reprefentatives in Parliament, may be Fcbrun 

* deemed and adjudged guilty of High Treafon, and 

* may fuffer the Pains and Penalties thereof: And 
4 that whofoever (hall, in Parliament, Council, or 
' any other public Court or Meeting, move for or 

* propoie the Revocation of this Law, when by you 
' enacted, may be deemed and judged guilty of 

* High Treafon, and fuffer the Pains and Penalties 

' In the Profecution whereof we fhall ftand by you 

* with our Eftates and Lives, to aflert and maintain 
' your Authority againft all Oppofitions whatfoever, 
' notwithftanding the prefent Confidence and bold 

* Attempts of yours and our Enemies. 

Signed ly, &cS 

Then it was refolved, * That the Petitioners have 
the Thanks of the Houie for the Expreflion of their 
good Affections to the Parliament.' 

The Petitioners being again call'd in, Mr. Speaker 
gave them this Anfwer : 

Gentlemen^ ' The Houfe have read your Petition, 
and they do find that you have been fuch as have 
conftantly borne them good Affections, and that 
your Affections are the fame ftill ; and, for the 
ExprefHons of your good Affections, the Houfe 
hath commanded me to give you Thanks, and, in 
their Names, I do give you Thanks accordingly/ 

February 10. Ten Pounds a Day ordered by the 
Houfe to be granted and allowed to General George 
Monke, to commence from his coming into England 
out of Scotland, to continue till this Parliament take 
further Order. Alfo all the Forces, both Horfe and 
Foot, now in Town, were ordered a Month's Pay; 
the Commiffioners of the Army to take Care for the 
Payment thereof. 

VQL, XXII. G February 

98 1%e Parliamentary HISTORY 

Intcr-regnum. February II. A Letter from Gen. Monte, and 
j6 59- the Officers under his Command, dated from White* 
^r""^'"" ' batt 9 February II, 1659, was read as follows: 

Mr. Speaker, 

Another Letter T T TE cannot but with Thankfulnefs acknow- 
JromGen.Afarirc yy j d the won( j e rful Goodnefs of God to 

and his Army to '. r\- r i. 

the Parliament. ' you, in your Return to the Difcharge of your re- 

* maining Truftj and your Forces under our Com- 
' rnands (after fome Difficulties) in bringing of us 
' by a tedious March in fuch Safety to this Place, to 
t wait upon you in aflerting the Freedoms of our 

* native Country: And being here (as we have to 
' our utmoft Hazard and Power been inilru mental 

* in your Return) fo we (hall be ftill ready to purfue 

* your Commands fo far as poffible we may. 

' To evidence which, we have obferved and ex- 

* ecuted your late Orders in relation to the Chains, 

* Pofts, and Gates of the City ; which was fome- 
' thing grievous to us, and to the Officers and Sol- 

* diers under our Commands ; and that becaufe we 
' do not remember any fuch Thing that was aed 

* upon this City in all thefe Wars; and we fear 

* that many fober People are much grieved at it, and 

* apprehend further Force to be offered to them, 

* while they feem principally to defire the fpeedy fil- 

* ling up of the Houfe, which you have declared for, 

* as well as we have exprefled our juft Defires of; 

* and are apt to doubt, left what we have done may 

* be fo far from anfwering the expected End, as that 
< it may increafe the Difcompofure of Men's Spirits 

* in the Nation. 

Upon this Occafion, it comes frefli into our 
Minds, that when, by the Treachery of fome Of- 

* ficers of the Army, you were interrupted, we de- 

* clared to the World, That the Ground of our UK- 
der taking was not only your Return to your Trufl^ 

* but alfo the Vindication of the Liberties of the 

* People, and the Preferuation of the Right of our 

* Country, the Protection and Encouragement of the 
Godly and Faithful therein, as the EJlablijbment of 

* the Peace of thefe Nations ; which Declarations 



* made before the Lord, Angels, and Men, in the later-regnuaj. 
' Day of our Extremity, we (as we expeft the Blef- l6 59- 

4 fing of the Lord upon cur future Undertakings) V tr7 v *" 1 ^ 
4 cannot but ftill own and ftand by. 

' We find that the aflerting of the juft Liberties 
' of the People, is that which the Generality of the 

* Nation is much in Expectation of; and that oa 

* ny fober People, together with ourfelves, are un- 

* der Fears, Jeft this great Price that God hath put 
' into your and our Hands, as your Servants, fljould 
4 not be improved, but that we ibaJJ rim into Con- 

* fufion again. 

* Therefore we humbly crave Leave to prefenc 

* before you fome Grounds of our Fears : We are 

* afraid that the late wonderful and unparalleled 

* Deliverance, is not fo publickly and folemnly ac- 

* Jcnowledged as it might be, that the Lord, who 

* wrought fo flupenduoufly, may have the GJory of 

* all : We are troubled that fome, as yet, do fit in the 

* Houfe, who are impeached of Treafon : We can- 

* not but obferve that divers Members f your Houfe 

* (who, contrary to their Truft, a&ed in that iJJe- 

* gal and tyrannical Committee of Safety) are not 
4 actually difabled from fitting there ; notwitbftand- 

* ing Col. Lambert hath only the Vote of Indemnity 
' to fecure him from as high Crimes as have been 

* committed in this Nation, and is not obedient to 
' your Orders, yet he feemeth to be winked at. 

' We underftand that Sir Htnry Vane, upon bare 

* Pretence, is permitted to ftay about the City, to 

* the great Diflatisfaclion of your beft Friends j that 
4 there are dangerous Confutations, and that of 

* thofe who had a chief Hand in your late Interrup- 

* tion, and the hazarding of the whole Nations, 
4 contrary to our Expectation. 

* We find continued in the Army fome Perfons 
4 6/ dangerous Principles, and fuch who were active 
4 enough in the late Defection. 

* Though we are far from wifhing the Ruin cf 
' any, yet we could defire that your fignal Jndul- 

* gence to late notorious Offenders, did meet with 
' that candid Reception from them, as to be fo much 

G 2 *the 

loo *!7j Parliamentary HISTORY 

fnter-regnum. ' the more ingenuous in their profefTed Repentance : 

1659'. < But we obferve that many of them do feek to 

*""" "V"* ' juftify themfelves, and are not without their Agents 

ary * * in Print to palliate their foul Enormities ; which 

c maketh us yet to fufpecl:, that we are in fome 

s Danger of returning into the late Diftempers, that 

* you and the Nation are but newly delivered from. 
" ' We are not ignorant, that there are thofe who 

* lately ftruck at the Root of Englifn Parliaments, in 

* Practice and Defign, thereby having inflamed the 
fr Nation, and given great Advantage to the com- 

* mon Enemy ; yet they are not without a ftrange 

* Confidence to precipitate Men into a Belief, that 

* they are- not the only Perfons againft the one, and 
4 for the other. 

' With Grief of Heart we do remember, and 

* would lament over the too-palpable Breach of 

* Engagements in this Nation ; therefore we mould 

* think it a Duty rather to mourn over the fame, 
* than to promote any new Oath to be taken at this 

* Time. Yet we perceive that there is a Defign to 

* provoke the Parliament to enforce an Oath upon 
f the Nation, and to take Notice that, amongft 
*" others, there are fome, who are moft forward to 

* promote the faid Defign, who have made the lead 
' (if any) Confcience in keeping Engagements al- 
' ready taken. 

Here we muft not filence our deep Refentment 

* of a bold Petition, and of dangerous Confequence, 
which was lately prefented to you, the Confe- 

* quence whereof (if you Ihould anfwer their De- 
' fires) would be to exclude many of the moft con- 

* fcientious and fober Sort of Men from ferving 
under you in Civil and Military Employments, 
' who have and would prove themfelves moft faith - 

* ful, and a Door would be opened in Defign to 
retrieve the Intereft of thofe who have, by the juft 
' Hand of our gracious God, made themfelves Co 

* apparently obnoxious. 

4 Moreover (which is not the leaft Part of the 

* Venom of that Petition) we clearly fee the fame 

* Spirit, which of late would have putl'd away the 


Of E N G L A N D. jpi 

C (ty y ou declared juft) Maintenance from Minifters, Inter-regnwnr 
< would now provoke you by an Oath to endanger l6 59- 
4 the forcing away of many of the moft Godly from. 
4 their Maintenance. 

4 In urging our Fears from the Premifes that 

* concerns fome of different Principles from us, we 

* would not be thought (as we do not) to defjgn,. 
'any thing that may incur the.Cenfure of unjuffc 
' Rigidity. 

* We freely profefs our Defires, that Tendernefs 
' of Confcience may have its full juft Liberty, but 
4 we cannot, in Judgment, account that Tender- 
c nefs of Confcience which will not fcruple at Trea-. 

* chery itfelf, or any Unrighteoufnefs to carry oru 
' corrupt Defigns. 

4 Having prefented you^with our Fears, we fliarL 
4 add our Refolutions, That, by the Help of God,.- 
6 we (hall ftand by you in the Purfuance of what we > 
' have declared for, and therefore do make this hum- > 
4 ble Requeft to you : We could defire that, whilft 
6 you fit, your utmoft Endeavours may be to mani- 
' feft your affedlionate Defires for the public Good .-. 
' of thefe Nations : Our further Defire is, That 
4 thofe Regiments under your Confideration (whofe* 
c Officers are not named) may be fpeedily pafs'd. 5 

4 And in regard we find, that the grand Caufe of. 
c the prefent Heats and Diffatisfa&ions in the Na-.. 
' tion is, becaufe they are not fully reprefented hi. 
' Parliament ; and feeing no other probable Expe-.. 

* dient whereby to keep the Nation in Peace, than . 
' by filling up your Number ; we muft therefore 

* make this our main Defire, upon which we can- 
4 not but infift, That you would proceed to iflue 
' forth Writs in order to Elections ; for the better 
' efFecling whereof we entreat, that you would con-. 
4 elude upon due and full Qualifications, that not 
4 only thofe who have been actually in Arms againft 

* the Parliament may be excluded, but alfo fuch, 

* who, in the late Wars betwixt King and Parlia-. 
4 ment, have declared their Difaffedion to the Par- , 
6 liament. And becaufe the diftra&ed Condition of 

G 3 this: 

102 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter. wpiajD. ' this Nation is, at this Hour, fo evident and pref 

1659. * mg, we are conftrained, for the juft Maintenance 

*-_T* ^ ' of your Authority, and the Satisfaction of all true 

raary. 4 ng i,Jhmen, earneftly to defire, that all the Writs 

may be iffued forth by Friday next, returnable at 

the ufuaJ and legal Time ; for we think it conve- 

* nient to acquaint you, that, to pacify the Minds of 

* this great City, in the Profecution of your late 
c Command, the Chief of us did give an Affurance 

* thereof. 

* And we muft not forget to remember you, that 

* the Time haftens wherein you have declared your 
intended Diffolution ; which the People and our* 
6 felves defire you would be punctual in. 

' Hereby the Sufpicion of your Perpetuation will 
c be taken away, and the People will have AiTurance 

* that they (hall have a Succefiion of Parliaments of 

* their own Election ; which is the undoubted Right 

* of the Englijh Nation. 

* You have promifed and declared no lefs ; both 

* the People and your Armies do live in the Hope 

* and Expectation of it. 

c That we may the better wait for your full and 

* free Concurrence to thefe juft Defires on the Na- 

* tion's Behalf, upon mature Deliberation we have 
c thought it our Duty as to Continue the ufual 

* Guards for the Safety of your fitting, fo for the pre- 

* ient to draw the reft of the Forces under our Com- 

* mand into the City, that we may have the better 

* Opportunity to compofe Spirits, and beget a good 

* Underftznding in that great City, formerly re- 
c nowned for their refoJute adhering to Parh'amen- 

* tarv Authority ; and we hope that the fame Spirit 

* will be found ftill to breathe amongft the beft, 
moft considerable, and interefted Perfons there. 

4 This A&ion of ours, as we hope it will receive 
c your favourable Interpretation, fo we do believe it 
will, thro' the Blefling of God, be of good Ufe 

* for the prefent Peace and future Settlement of 
c thefe Nations. 

* Thefe are our Thoughts which we communi- 

* cated to you, in the Names of ourfelves, and the 



, \ 



Of ENGLAND. 103 

c Officers and Soldiers under our Commands. We inter-regnum. 
Tour Honour's moft humble Servants^ v^v ^J 

GEORGE MONKE. febiuary ' 




ETHELBERT MORGAN, Lieutenant-Colonel^ 

Upon the reading of this Letter the Honfe refol- 
ved, ' That the Thanks of this Houfe be given unto 
Gen. Monke for his faithful Service in fecuring the 
City ; and that as to filling up of the Houfe, the 
Parliament were upon the Qualifications before the 
Deceit of the faid Letter j and the fame will be 
difpatch'd in due Time.' 

The Houfe met again in the Afternoon of this 
Day, and firft ordered Candles to be brought in ; 
then a Queftion being propofed, That the Parlia- 
ment do now proceed in fettling the Commiffion- 
ers for Government of the Army ; and the Que- 
ftion being put, That this Queftion be now put, 
the Houfe divided, and it was carried in the Affir- 
mative, 35 againft 16 ; Sir Arthur Haftlrigge and 
Col. Martin Tellers for the Yeas, and Mr. Raleigh 
with Col. Lenthall for the Noes. The main Que- 
ftion was carried without any Divifion ; and then 
the Houfe proceeded in fettling the Government of 
the Army by Commiffioners. The Houfe, after 
fome Debate, agreed. That the Number of thefe 
Commiffioners (hould be five j of which General 
Monke, Sir Arthur Hafilrigge, Col. Morley, and 
Col. Walton were to be four of them ; but trie Qu- 
ftion being propofed, That Sir Anthony AJhley Cooper 
be another of thefe Commiffioners, the Houfe di- 
vided again, when it went in the Negative, 30 
againft 15, and Col. Matthew Alured was voted in 


IO4 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Jnter-regnum. It was then propofed, That the >uo- 
l6 S9- rum of thefe Commiflioners ihould be three, which 
reed to : But another Queftion being put, 
en. Mauke fhould be one of thefe three, it 
pafled in the Negative without any Divifion. Re- 
folved, alfo, That the Time for Continuance of the 
Powers of the Commiflioners fhould be during the 
Pleafure of Parliament ; and that the Word Ireland 
be added after the Word Scotland in the A<St. Lajlly^ 
the Act for conftituting Commiflioners, &c. fo 
amended, being put to the Queftion, pafled, and 
Was ordered to be forthwith printed and publifhed. 

We have now brought the Journals of this Par- 
liament to a Crifis, not to be pafled over without 
a clearer Explanation of thefe Events than can be 
expected from thofe Authorities which we have 
hitherto given in this Month, without any Annota- 
tions upon them. But being come now, as we fay, 
to a Period, when the General pulled off his Puri-- 
tanical Mafk, and declared openly for a Free Par- 
liament, which the univerfal Turn of the Times 
made very apparent, lefs than declaring for 
the King ; it is neceflary to confult the contempo- 
rary Writers, in order to trace out every Step which 
lead to this almoft-miraculcus Revolution. Amongft 
thefe Authors, Dr. Prife^ whom we have fo often 
quoted before, may be very well fuppofed the molt 
particular ; fince, as Chaplain and Confident to the 
General, he faw all the Turns and Windings that 
brought on this great Event. We fhall purfuc 
this Reverend Writer, therefore, from where we left 
him laft, with, his Maftcr hearing Hugh Peters cant 
a.t tlatfieldy and give an Abftract from him of their 
IVIarch mto ftfflffet and all the Confequences, up 
to our prefent Period in the Journals. 

Contemporary T ne Dodor tefls us,^< That, oh. the fecond of 

Hiftcrians on Felruary y the General moved with an eafy March 

thd " e T i m n s ' toBarnet, where his troublefome Companions, Scott 

frici. ' w&fy.binfon, .left, him j,..fp that here the General 

had npije in his Qjjarters but ,his own Domeftics. 

Much B.ufmqfs was nqw difpatched _; and Orders. 


Of E N T .G L A N D. 105 

given to the Soldiery to demean themfelves civilly, Inter-regpum. 
and pay for their Quarters when they came to Lon- 
dfotf, the General's Money which he had brought 
from Scotland with him ftill holding out. That the 
Night before Scott left them, he came to the Gene- 
ral in a dreadful Alarm, feemingly, and told him 
he had receiv'd Notice, That the Forces who were 
to march out of 'London had mutinied, and it was to 
be feared they would join with the 'Prentices there, 
and declare for a Free Parliament. He therefore 
defired, or rather required, the General to marcft 
his Troops immediately into London to 'prevent them. 
To which the General coolly nnfwered, / zvill un- 
dertake for this Night's Dijlurbdnce^ and be in earfy 
enough in the Morning to prevent any Mi f chief. This 
was looked upon as an Artifice of S'cott's, if 'he 
could have drawn on the (3enefal x in order to mix 
the Soldiers 'of both Armies together, 'that fhe$ 
rtight be the Ids athis Devotiori:^^'^^- 

The next Day they marched^ towards London*, 
and at High'gate the General" cfrew up all his Forces^ 
confiding only of 5800 Men, Horfe and Foot-; 
They entered the Town at Grafs- Inn-Lane ^ ancL 
in their March 'towards Whitehall, met the Speaker 
in the Stran'd^ 4 'coming from the'Ffbtife in his Stat^ 
Coach. ThcGeneral alighted, aii'd complimented^ 
in his Soldier's Manner, this Representative of So-' 
vereignty ; he aftef\Yards 'W6nt to IVhitehall^ ghd 
had the Prince's Lodgings for his own'Apartments^ 
the reft of his Family were difpofed of in that Palace. 
This happened on a Saturday, February . ' v '3.,'^an<I 
they refted on Sunday very quietlj^/ 

'-Our Author next proceeds to tell, us, That iu 
was on Monday tlie General faw the Face of h\\ 
Mafters in the Houfe, received folemn Thank'? 
from them -by their Speaker,, and returned his "ta 
them ; but becaufe he took updn him to mirtd tlierh 
of fome Things which he judgdcl were for the pubKc 
Good, it was' not wellreiifhed by iome, and parti- 
cularly by Scott and Robin/an; they reflecting up- 
on' Him as if he fought to impofe his own Senfe of 


l o6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

IflteMcgnum, Things upon the Houfe j yet this was pafs'd over, 
|6 59 they being content to impute it to his Affe&ion for 
V TT V ^*' their Service, rather than to any Diftafte he had of 
mary. ^.^ p^gjg^j. Thus, having been firft nomi- 
nated one of their new-molded Council of State, he 
was invited to take his Place among them : But 
then every Counfellor of State was, by Order of 
Parliament, to renounce the Title and Pretences of 
Charles Stuart^ and all the Defcendants of the Li- 
neage of King James ; nay, and of all other Single 
Perfons who ihould pretend to the Government of 
thefe Nations. All this was to be done too by the 
Solemnity of an Oath. 

' This had been propounded to him before, by 
thofe who had argued to this ffe&, for the Necef- 
lity of it : That it was high Time for them to dif- 
criminate their own Party, that at laft they might 
come to know whom they could truft ; it being 
now found that there had been a great Defection, 
even among themfelves. The General was not 
Unprovided of an Anfwer, and fo craves Leave to 
demur} adding, that he had not feen any Good 
Come of their promiflary Oaths, thofe who took 
rhem making no Scruple to break them. He in- 
ftanced in the Covenant and Engagement ; and fug- 
gefted that feven, befides himfelf, who were nomi- 
nated to be of the Council of State, had not yet 
abjured; befides, that he did not know how it 
would relifh with his Army, who were very tender 
in that Point. And, indeed, I knew fome of them, 
who, tho' no Friends to Monarchy, yet had taken 
up a Notion, that it was not lawful to'fwear againft 
the Providence of God. But, that they fhould fee 
that they had no Reafon to fufpedl him or his Ar- 
my, he defired that they would make Trial of his 
and their Fidelity and Obedience to them ; and if 
they found that he either difobeyed or difputed their 
Orders, he was then in their Power ; for he brought 
not an Army with him to make them jealous of 
him ; having fent back a great Part of it, after he 
underftood to they were eftablifhed in their Power. 



Hitherto his A&ions had not been fuch as, in 
the Jeaft Degree, to make the Parliament or Coun- 
cil of State dirtruftful of him ; nay, they were ra- 
thcr fuch as ought to have produced a good Opinion 
of his Conftancy to them, not only by his fending a 
great Part of his Army back, after they were refto- 
red, but alfo by contending fo eagerly for them } 
for when a Treaty between both Armies was firft 
propounded, and the Articles of it were debated in 
Scotland^ it was with great Difficulty that he yielded 
to the Calling of another Parliament ; and when he 
did, he recommended this his Condefcenfion to his 
Commiflioners, as the great Secret of their Truft, 
charging them to try all Ways for an Accommoda- 
tion, before that (hould be difcovered } nay, and 
broke the Agreement too, as much for this Reafbn 
as any other, and removed Col. Wilkes from hit 
Command, becaufe he difclofed this Inftru&ion un- 
neceflarily ; he refolutely adhering to the Parliament 
of the Eleventh of Oftober^ and no other. And k 
indeed, no other could fo well have done his Bufi.- 
nefe, for this was become odious to his People. But 
Fears and Jealouties are Proteftations contra Faffum ; 
to which, befides popular Expectations at home, 
the King's Court abroad adminiftered Fuel : Fot 
Adverfity will lay hold on a Bulrufh. 

< At this Time a Gentleman (whofe Suffer- 
ings were better known to me than I to him) cam 
to~me and told me, with great Secrecy, what Hopes 
there were beyond Sea of Monke's March ; expref- 
fing a Defire to gain fome from me, but I fent him 
away difcontented. The General's March without 
Orders might, at firft, reafonably create fome Diffi- 
dence ; but it was foon authorized, and countenan- 
ced by the coming of Orders, and CommifEoners, 
from what we were obliged to call a Parliament* 

* It was now the General's Bufinefs to overcome 
Scott's Sufpicions of him, as knowing him to be 
his Enemy, and to have plotted his Ruin. Scott^ 
rn our March, had very often complained of the 
great Malignancy of the City of London, (for which 
Che coming of its Commiffioners gave Occafiort 


io8 The "Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. enough) but the General would comfort him by 
1659- hinting, that the Parliament needed not to fear any 

t* " v -^ Danger from thence, fo long as they had an Army 
uary * by them: And it feems he had promifed him to take 
down the Stomach of the City, if Need required. 
The Neceffity at this Time was eminent; for now 
theLord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council- 
Men of London^ by a public Vote, declared, That 
they would pay no more Taxes and Contributions, 
till the Parliament was filled up with equal Repre- 
lentatives of the People. Before this, only a few 
popular Tumults gave the Government a Difturb- 
ance ; but now the Authority of the whole City re- 
belled againft the Men of Wtftndnfter ; and I may 
fafely fay, that the Citizens the rather made Choice 
of this Time, becaufe the General, only with his 
Scots Army, was in their Suburbs, and at IVejimin- 
Jler^ of whom they had entertained good Hopes, 
from the Time that divers Citizens, of good Note, 
had given the General Vifits at St. Albans and 
Barnet : They knew too that many of the Offi- 
cers had Relations and Friends among them ; nor 
did any Citizens return from us with the ill News 
of Defpair ; nay, fome of them ufed to carry more 
Hopes back than they had Reafon for, their Af- 
fedtion for their Country fupplying the Deficiency 
of Promifes from us. Thus moft of them hoped 
well, and none would defpair of Monke and his 

' On Tug/day Night the General was detained at 
the Council of State till paft Two in the Morning, 
which (he being no Member, as yet being no Ab- 
jurer) created fome Sufpicions in his Friends and 
Servants, as if the Council meant not well towards 
him ; and by fome it was whifpered as if it was de- 
figned that he {hould be fent to the Tower. Now, 
to fpeak the Truth, the Council might, without 
Reproach of Jealoufy upon their Wifdom, have fu- 
fpe&ed that the City would not haVe thus boldly re- 
monftrated, had not Monke given them fome fecret 


Of E N G L A N D, 109 

* But his fuperlative Forefight of Things defeated Jnter-regnum. 
the City, the Council of State, and his Friends and l6 59* 
all ; for he accepted of Orders, and the next Day *~~ F T^~ 
executed them. He went into the City, and after 
he had placed his main Guards for his own Security, 
he diftributed the Remainder of his fmall Army to 
their refpeclive Ports, charged them to pull down 
the City Gates, break their Portcullices, and pluck 
up their Foils and Chains ; himfelf in the mean 
Time fending for, and imprifoning, the moft daring 
and difaffe&ed Members of the Common Council, 
purfuant to his Orders. 

' It is God's Prerogative to change Times and 
Seafons, and to fet up and pull down Kings and 
Governments : And this was the real fatal Crifis 
that fo foon changed the Face of Things, and made 
the Revolution fo fwift. For never did Soldiers 
with fo much Regret obey their General ; obeyed, 
indeed, he was, but with Scorn to them who com- 
manded their Commander. It was a pretty Medley 
of Paflion when I faw them both merry and angry 
at this odious Drudgery ; and a lively Pen that had 
obferved and could exprefs their Humours, might 
have made a Play of it. This was the Carriage of 
the ordinary Soldiery ; but our Officers of Note ran- 
wholly into Difcontent, and offered up their Com- 
miffions to the General : But he was dark, and 
chewed his Tobacco, and I took Notice that he 
was more angry at the Spies that were about him, 
(as Col. Alured and others) than at the Work he 
was doing. Hither came his amazed Friends, and 
durft not fay a Word to him : But I was not orilfsu, 
amazed, but inwardly repented of what I had faid 
to him at York ; imagining that my Words, then, 
were not only for his Safety, but for his Honour, 
tiot to have the Game taken out of his Hands. 

' But no Accident of War, (no not if we had 
engaged into Blood againft Lambert) could have 
more fully aflured his Army unto him ; for now the 
Parliament was deteftable even to us their Reito- 
rcrs. That this was his own Contrivance (and, if 
fo, a Maftcr-piece. of Cunning).! have thefe Induce- 

1 1 o 1'be Parliatnentary HISTORY 

, ments to believe : Scott folemnly told Col. 
that Monke offered himfelf to him to do this odious 
Action, and that the Council of State would not 
put him upon it, had it not been for him, who af- 
lured him that Monke would undertake it. Thus 
much Scott alledged for himfelf to Wetbam, who 
charged the Change of the Government upon this 
Mifcarriage. Scott had little Reafon to diflemble, 
you may be fure, when he faw his Day was loft, 
and his Life too ; for he fat upon his Sovereign's. 
That Scott thus excufed himfelf to fPetham, I will 
name my Voucher, viz Dr. Barrow, (the Judge- 
Advocate of his Majefty's Army and Guards) a 
Gentleman who well deferved of the General for 
his Prudence and Integrity, for he was highly fer- 
viceable to him from his firft declaring againft the 
Army, and fo continued. Nay, 1 foon after mo- 
deftly alked the General, * How he was engaged to 
undertake this deteftable Piece of Service ?' He mer- 
rily anfwered me, This was a Trick you knew not of y 
and I do ajjure you that I could not have done my Bu 
Jinefs fo foon without it, and pojjibly not at all. 

* So I confefied that his Wifdom out witted my 
Expectations, for I thought he would at firft have 
lodged his Colours within the Walls of London ; 
yet, true it is, that it was eafy for him to forefee, 
that the City, upon his coming to Town, would 
run into Discontents ; for they looked upon him as 
a Lover of his Country's Freedom, and therefore 
judged that he would not endeavour to uphold a 
Power that was not only ufurped, but contemptible 
and ridiculous ; they taking it in a great Difdain, 
that a bare Remnant of a Houfe of Commons, legally 
diffolved, mould give Laws to their Fellow Subjects, 
fupporting themfelves by an Army, the great Offi* 
cers of which put them in and out, and out and in, 
at their Pleafure. I knew too, that he would lay 
hold of the firft Advantage againft the Men of 
Wejiminjler ; and Advantages, befides this, could 
not but be offered, for they longed to fall upon the 
Sequeftration of all thofe Gentlemen who had been 
in Booth's Confpiracy. Now the General could not, 


Of E N G L A N D. nt 

in Honour, fee them perifh, becaufe himfelf was 

concerned in it ; neither was he without his Sufpi- 

cions, that fome could prove it againft him ; befide, 

that his Power was not long liv'd, and he muft have Febr<Jai T' 

foon found it fo, were it but from his Fellow Com- 

iniiHoners for governing the Army, whofe Interefts 

were bound up with that of the Parliament. 

* On Friday, February the loth, the General re- 
turned from the City to Whitehall^ and his Scots 
Army to their Quarters in the Suburbs and Weft- 
mln/ter. This fome Members of the Council of 
State fignifi-d they were difpleafed at, faying, That 
his Return was without their Orders. And, in 
Truth, it was againft them j for he was to ftay 
there till further Order, and they had more Work 
for him there. Thus would the Parliament have 
rewarded this City, for their Afiiftance againft the 
late King ! 

' At this Time the Anabaptifts, and fuch like 
Sectaries in and about the City, who were afraid of 
Peace and a National Intereft, took Heart at the 
pulling down of the City Gates, and fell to remon- 
itrating to the Parliament, That none were fit to bear 
any Office, Civil or Military, that would not abjure 
Charles Stuart, and his Title and Family . This 
was underftood to have been the Artifice of fome 
Abjurers in the Council of State, to win over Af- 
ftftance to their narrow and almoft-defpifed Party : 
And could they have gained the Point of encoura- 
ging Petitioners of this Nature, I doubt not to fay- 
but that the Council of State would have given a 
Lift to the Parliament itfelf, as Traitors to their 
Truft, becaufe they were fuch fqueamifti Rebels, as 
not to abjure the Heirs of the Crown. By this 
Means to have engrofTed the Sovereignty to thenv 
felves, would have been no hard Matter, had but 
Msnke been their Friend in Reality, as in Appear- 
ance he was their Servant, and the Executioner of 
their odious Orders. 

Thefe Sectaries moft grofly flattered the Parlia- 
ment in their Petition, and renowned them for their 
gjorious Adions } though thefe were the very Men 
See p. 94. who 



H2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

who, but a few Weeks before, had been of anothef 
Temper, being Lambert's Confidents, and the Par- 
liament's Enemies. 

' It was further obferved by us, in this little 
Time we had been in Town, that the Parliament 
Jjegan to encourage thofe who .had appeared in the 
Englijb .Army againft them. Ludlow fat in the 
Houfe, tho' he had been accufed of Tre'afon by the 
Jrifl) Officers ; and it was faid that iome of the 
Houfe kept Correfpondence with Lambert himfelf. 
"This our Officers looked upon as done in Diffidence 
of them and their General, who had been their Re- 
florers, and had approved thernfelves their faith- 
ful Servants in the Day of Trial. Soldiers are not 
ordinarily that crafty Kind of Men that can difTem- 
ble Injuries ; and fome of them were fo juft to their 
Country, as not to think it worth their Pay to uphold 
only a few Men in an arbitrary Tyranny, contrary 
to the Senfe of the whole Nation. Of this Sort the 
boldeft came to the General, dutifully and freely to 
reprefent to him the State of Things, and that fome 
fpeedy Remedy was of Neceffity to be thought upon 
and applied. The General was too wife to lofe 
this Advantage ; but, however, feemed to require 
Time to deliberate on it : But they earneftly re- 
plied, That if fomething were not forthwith done, 
to bear their Witnefs againft fuch Proceedings, he 
would foon be loft, and they with him ; but he in 
the firft Place, becaufe he had now more Enemies 
in the Council of Sate and Parliament too, than he 
dreamt of; for though he had executed his Orders 
againft the City, and thereby rendered himfelf 
odious to the free-born People, yet the Manner of 
doing it was fuch, as made him fyfpe&ed by his 

' The General yielded at length to their Fears 
and Counfels, and the rather, for that he was aflu- 
red of the Tower of London^ the Lieutenant of it 
(Col. Morley) having before offered it him. This 
the noble Colonel had done in the City, pitying the 
Confternation of its Citizens, when he faw what 
Work was doing, what Influence it would have 


Of ENGLAND. 113 

upon the Country. In all Secrecy, therefore, it inter-regnurrt. 
was debated, and foon agreed upon, that a Letter j6 59- 
Ihould be fent to the Parliament the Day following; < T~~ t ^""" J 
and late at Night Orders were iflued, That our ary> 

principal Officers fhould meet early at the Gene- 
ral's Lodgings the next Morning, and they came 
accordingly : To whom the Occafion of their 
convening was expounded by our Secretaries of the 
Night, who had fat up, and penned the Letter to the 
Parliament. Their Aflent to it was defired, the 
General being prefent ; he fubfcribed it firft, and 
they, in their Order, fet their Hands to it. The 
Tenor of this Letter was very peremptory, viz. 
That by the Friday following they fhould fend forth 
Writs to fill up all the vacant Places in the Houfe ; 
and, when that was done, fix a determinate Time 
to their own fitting, and give Place to another Par- 

* This now was a State of War between the 
Scots Army and the Parliament. Heretofore, when 
Cromwell and Lambert turned thefe few Members 
of the Houfe of Commons out of their Place at 
Weftminfter 9 they did but refpite the Exercife of 
their Power, and it was their good Chance to return 
again to it; for their Servants, who fo ufurped upon 
them, drove on the fame Intereft ftill with them- 
felves, and ruled by the Force of an Army, which 
protected the Lives and Fortunes of thefe Parlia- 
ment-Men : Now all of them being equally guilty, 
they were never queftioned for what they had done, 
but enjoyed the Peace and Liberty of Subjects, even 
when, by their own Indifcretion, and the reftlefs 
Ambition of the Great Officers of the Army, they 
loft the Sovereignty : Whereas this Letter now - 
forced them to be their own Executioners within 
their Walls of Empire; for to fill up the Houfe with 
new-elected Members out of the Country, at a 
Time when every Village was fo exafperated againft 
them, in plain Englljb amounted to no lefs ; for 
they were fure to be out-voted, and, confequently, 
liable to be queftioned. 


U4 %% e Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. c The General fent this Letter to the Houfe by 
l6 S9- two Colonels, Clobery and Lidcot, and, not flaying 
VT*^"^^ for an Anfwer to it, puts himfelf at the Head of his 
Army, marched into Finftury- Fields * and from 
thence fends to the Lord Mayor of London, defi- 
ring that Quarters might prefently be fet out for his 
Men within the City. Our Quarter-Matters had 
no Orders to intimate the Breach that was made 
between our Army and the Parliament; and ib they 
found the Lord Mayor of London fomewhat afto- 
niflied at this MefTage ; but he foon after under- 
jftood the End of his Coming; for fome of the Ci- 
tizens were earlier informed of it. As foon as the 
General left Whitehall^ I went into the City, and not 
knowing where he would quarter that Night, I came 
to the Three Tuns before Guildhall, where the Ge- 
neral had quartered two Nights before. I entered 
the Tavern with a Servant, and a Portmanteau, and 
afked for a Room, which I had fcarce got into, but 
Wine followed me as a Prefent from fome Citizens, 
defiring Leave to drink their Morning's Draught 
with me. I accepted of the Civility; but, in Requital 
of their Wine and Company, was afked Wh at News, 
and what might be the Meaning of my fo return- 
ing hither : I freely told them that we were not now 
the fame Men that we were two Days ago ; and 
that this they fliould find before Night, to the full 
Satisfaction of the Injuries done them. The good 
Men were tranfported into Joy, and moft of them 
left me and" their Wine, and ran to communicate 
this hopeful News. 

' A Citizen of good Quality, Mr. William Stan- 
fy, ftaid longer, and invited me to his Houfe to 
Dinner, and moft courteoufly lodged me there, du- 
ring the General's Stay in the City; for it happened 
not to be far from his Quarters. This I mention 
out of a grateful Remembrance of his Hofphality. 

* The General came late into the City, and 
his Army later, flaying for the Lord Mayor's Re- 
turn to his Meffengers for quartering his Men ~ T 
when they entered, they were welcomed as the Re- 
ftorers of their Country's Freedom j Bells, Bor- 


Of E N G L A N D. 

fires, Wine, and feveral Large/Fes of Money a- interregnum, 
mong our Soldiers, being the Atteftations of the 6 S9- 
Citizens Joy. This was Saturday, February n, *- 7^^*^ 
renowned for the Night of burning the Rump ; (for 
thus the young Men, who were Haters of this 
long-ufurped Power, called the Parliament) Butch- 
ers had quick trading for their Rumps, and many 
Cooks loft their Fees. 

' The Parliament clofely debated upon the Let- 
ter fent them ; and wifely diuembling the Infolency 
of Monke and his Officers, in prefcribing Rules to 
them, gave them Thanks for their joint Care with 
them of the Commonwealth ; alluring them, over 
and above, that they were confidering of Qualifi- 
cations for the next Parliament. With this Mef- 
fage came Scott and Robinfon, with fome others, that 
Evening into the City to the General: Adding, that 
his Return to Whitehall was required by the Coun- 
cil of State, it being for their Safety ; and that if 
he and his Army kept their old Quarters, they 
would be better fatisfied with their Proceeding, be- 
ing near them ; but if 'his Army continued in the 
City, they were afraid, they faid, that it would be 
debauched from its Obedience to the Parliament, 
they looking upon the Citizens as Enemies to the 
Government. The General gave them no other 
Reply, but that, If the Parliament will do as they 
are defired in my Letter, they need not fear but all 
Things will go well. 

* The Noife of Scott and Robinfori's coming to 
the General fo alarmed the 'Prentices in the Streets, 
that they were fearched for as ftri&ly as were the 
Spies that came to Jericho. The General was now 
at the Bull's Head Tavern in Cheapfide. The 
Streets were thronged ; Mr. Gumble and I were in 
a Coach, that was becalm'd in a Croud, coming 
from Guildhall^ where the General had been to 
expound the End of his coming : Now the 'Pren- 
tices went, it feems, from Coach to Coach in Queft 
of Scott and Robinfon ; and when they looked into 
ours, they cried out, Here they are. Plenty of Dirt 
was brought againft us in Shovels from the Kennel, 
H 2 we 

1 1 6 f The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. we defending ourfelves with the Curtains of th 
1659- Coach as well as we could, till the Miftake was 

U-'-v*""-* over> which foon was by the Means of our Officers. 
February. g u( . ^ voun g Men's Fury was much longer liv'd ; 
for, in roafting the Rump, it was fcarce cool till 
Sunday Morning. 

' There was now a Report that the Parliament 
had taken away the General's Commiffion : And 
there was fomething of Truth in it too ; for, upon 
the Letter fent them, which fo much threatened 
their very Being, they called for the Names of their 
Commiffioners for governing of their Army, re- 
trenched two of them, and conflituted only five, 
of which Monke was one, and of which Number 
three were a Quorum. But it being unhappily 
moved, Whether Monke ftiould be of it, it was car- 
ried in the Negative : So tho' his Commiffion was 
not formally voted from him, (for that they durft 
not do) yet virtually it was ; and Monke and Morley 
were left to ftem the Tide againft H$filrigge 9 Alu- 
red, and Walton. 

* The General that Night removed from Cheap- 
fide^ after he had difpofed his Men into Quarters, 
and took up his own at the Gtaff-Houff, where 
there was one large Room fet apart for him to receive 
the grateful Vifits of the Citizens, who had already 
forgot their Yefterday's Injuries ; and having long 
before this repented that their Treafure and their 
Arms had been fuccefsfully employed againft their 
Prince, and their Country, they now promifed them 
to Monke, hoping for a better Iffue of both j and in 
this he did not deceive them.' 

Dr, Cumllt, Dr. Gumblt, our other Reverend Writer of 
Monkis and his Officers' Actings in thefe Affairs, 
tells us, That, after they had done the late dirty 
Work for the Parliament, and the General was re- 
turned to Whitehall, a Conference was held, the 
Refult of which was, That fome Method mud be 
taken for immediate Recovery from this politic Dt- 
ftemper. After which the General retired to reft, 
but that four of his Officers fat up all Night in order 


.Of ENGLAND. 117 

to draw up, what the Doctor calls, a brifk and Inter-rcgnuns, 
fmart Letter to be fent to the Houfe, and which was l6 59- 
read and figned by the General the next Morning, ^^T^"" 4 
with feveral other Officers who were convened for 
that Purpofe ; and it was fent to the Parliament by 
Col. Clobery and Col. Lldcot. Our Author re- 
marks, That it was a refined Piece of Policy in the 
General, to feem to be perfuaded in this, to what 
he himfelf had contrived ; and before the Letter 
could be read in the Houfe, he marches back with 
his whole Forces into the City, and drew them up 
in Finfliury-Fields* to the great Confternation of the 
Citizens, who knew not yet what to expect from 
this ftrange Conduct, a 

A Copy of ibis Letter here mentioned, is already 
given at p. 98. 

But now, to fhift the Scene from the late-quoted 
Reverend Authors, who fome Readers may think 
were more inclined to write Panegyrics on their 
Matter's Conduct in thefe Affairs than ftria Truth, 
we {hall turn to their Oppofite, Ludlow, and learn 
what this Memorialift and ftiff Republican has left 
us concerning this Period : Which alfo we fhall give, 
as near as poffible, in his own Words. Speaking of 
the Scots Army's March up to Town, he adds, 

6 In the mean Time Monke was come to Barnet, 
and being expeaed at London the next Day, Orders Mr. 
were iflued out for the old Regiments of the Army to 
inarch from the Town ; which fo difgufted them, that 
many refufed to march till their Arrears were paid. 
This Mutiny began at Somerfet-Houfe^ where a whole 
Regiment was quartered, who were joined by divers 
Parties of the reft. The Cavaliers and Prefbyterians 
of the City hoping to improve this Opportunity, in- 
vited them to join with the City, as they term'd their 
Party there, promifmg them their whole Arrears, 
conftant Pay, and a prefent Gratuity, giving them 
fome Money in Hand as an Earneft of the reft. 
The Soldiers took their Money; but, withali, threat- 
ened them, that, unlefs they departed immediately, 
H 3 they 

a Life of General Mtnkc, p, 2.44, V, 

1 1 8 Tie Parliamentary Hi s T OR Y 

Inter -regnum. they would fire upon them, declaring their Refolti- 
1659. tion to continue faithful to the Parliament. Here- 

* v * upon the Council of State, that they alfo might cut 
uary * the Grafs from under their own Feet, fent Orders 
to Monke to haften his March, and with all Dili- 
gence to come to their Relief. Thefe Malecontents 
were very numerous, amounting to more than 2000 
Foot, and about the fame Number of Horfe were 
ready to join with them. But no confiderable Per- 
fon appearing at the Head of them, their new Offi- 
cers, who laboured the whole Night to fatisfy them, 
prevailed with them to march the next Morning, 
upon Promife that their Arrears fhould be paid at 
their next Quarters. The following Day Monke 
marched to London at the Head of his Party, which, 
for the moft Part, were quartered about Whitehall* 
where Lodgings had been provided for him j and 
immediately fome Members of Parliament were 
lent to congratulate his Arrival. The fame Even- 
ing I met Vice- Admiral Lawfon at Sir Henry Mild" 
may's Lodgings at Whitehall, and knowing him to 
be familiarly acquainted with Monke, I defired that 
we might make him a Vifit together, which he 
readily confented to. We found him alone in the 
Prince's Lodgings; where, having congratulated the 
Succefs of his Attempt to reftore the Parliament to 
the Exercife of their Authority, I took the Freedom 
to tell him, That, having an Opportunity put into 
his Hands to free thefe Nations from the Danger of 
being opprefled, as they had lately been, by the 
Power of the Sword, I hoped he would improve it 
to the public Advantage, by giving his Affiftance to 
the Parliament, in fettling the Government upon fo 
juft a Foundation, that it might be fupported for 
the future by the Love and Affections of the People. 
He anfwered, That as God had owned him in his 
Work, fo he defired, that he alone might have the 
Glory : That it was true Factions had been car- 
ried on ; but that he was fully refolved to promote 
the Intereft of a Commonwealth. Which Refo- 
lution when I had commended, and encouraged him 
3S well as I could to continue, he faid, We muft 


Of E N G L A N D. 119 

nd die for and with a Commonwealth. Then I inter-regnum. 
told him, That I had met lately with one Mr. l6 S9- 
Courtney, who faid he was his Relation, and having L ~~ ~ ' 
drank too much at the Inn where I lay in my Way 
to London, boafted that his Coufin Monke would do 
great Things for the King ; but that upon my ob- 
jecting his public Declarations 'and Proteftations to 
the contrary, he began to doubt, and faid, That his 
Coufin being a Man of Honour, he feared he would 
be as good as his Word. Tea (faid Monke) If 
there were nothing in it but that, I mujl make good 
my Word, and will too. I prefume (faid I) that the 
dnjwer you have lately publijhed to your Countrymen's 
Letter, hath given them all Satisfaction concerning 
you. He replied, That he hoped it had. Thefe 
and many other Proteftations of Zeal to the Com- 
mon Caufe, with many Profeflions of Friend- 
fhip to ourfelves, we received from him at that 
Time ; wherewith Vice-Admiral Lawfon was fo 
well fatisfied, that he faid to me, after we had 
parted from him, That fince the Levite and the 
Priejl had paffed by and would not help us, he ho- 
ped we had found a Samaritan that would do it. 

' The Parliament having Notice of Monkis Ar- 
rival, fent a Meflage to him by Mr. Scott and Mr. 
Robinfon, to defire his Attendance at their Houfe 
the next Day ; whither being come, a Chair was 
ordered for him, but he refufed to fit, contenting 
himfelf to ftand behind it uncovered, laying his 
Hand upon the Chair. The Speaker, as had been 
ordered, gave him the Thanks of the Houfe for the 
Service he had done, extolling him above all the 
Worthies of former and latter Ages. To whofe 
Rhetoric he anfwered, That as to what was done, 
be defired God might have the Glory, in that he 
had wrought Deliverance by fo weak an Inftrument. 
After which he informed the Houfe, That, in his 
March, many Applications had been made to him, 
by all Sorts of Perfons, for a Free Parliament ; and 
that he had acquainted them, That the End of his 
March being to free the Parliament from the Power 
of thofe who had impofed on them, he doubted not 


120 7/fo Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. they would take all poflible Care of the Public 
Good. Then he put them in Mind of their Refo- 
Jution to fill up the Houfe, which, he faid, would 
^^ much to the Satisfaaion of the Nation. He 
defired that Fanatical Perfons (as he called them) 
might be removed from Places of Truft, and under- 
took to anfwer for the Fidelity of thofe who had 
affumed the Power in Ireland; concluding with 
Profeffions of the utmoft Zeal and Faithfulnefs to 
their Service. Thus he gave the Parliament good 
Words, for which they heaped their Favours upon 
him, and voted iooo/. per Ann. to be fettled on 
him. And that nothing might be wanting to com- 
pleat this Scene, Monke's Wife took efpecial Care 
to treat the Wives of the Members that came to 
vifit her, running herfelf to fetch the Sweetmeats, 
and filling out Wine for them, not forgetting to 
talk mightily of Self-denial, and how much it was 
upon her Hulband's Heart that the Government 
might be fettled in the \Vay of a Commonwealth. 
In the mean Time the fecluded Members had their 
Meetings with thofe of the fame Faction in the 
City ; and fome of thofe that fat in Parliament were 
earneft Promoters of their Return to the Houfe, of 
whom were Col. Lafcelles and Col. Richard Ingoldfoy^ 
who had been two of the King's Judges : But the 
Perfon I moil wondered at was Col. Hutchinfon ; 
who having exceeded moil of the Members of the 
High Court of Juftice, in Zeal for putting the King 
to Death, at this Time aded a very different Part, 
preffing the Houfe, with an unbecoming Importu- 
nity, to proceed againft Sir Henry Vane for not re- 
moving into the Country according to their Order, 
when it was well known he was fo much indifpofed 
that he could not do it without the apparent Hazard 
of his Life. 

' Many Alarms were given to the Parliament, by 
their faithful Friends, in printed Difcourfes, and 
otherwife, .whereby they were put in Mind that 
the Enemies Quarrel was not fo much againft 
Perfons as Things ; and, as one termed it, not 
againft Ludlow and Rich, but againft the Caufe it- 


Of ENGLAND. * *i 

felf. They were advifed to accept the Aflvftance of Inter- regnum. 

their old Servants, and to encourage them in their l6 59- 

Fidelity, as the only Means to preferve themfelves * v ^ 

and the Commonwealth from certain Ruin. But Fel)ruai 7 

they were deaf to all (alutary Counfel, and refolved 

to finiih the Work with the new Inftruments which 

they had chofen. To this End they proceeded on 

the Bill for filling up the Houfe ; which, by wife 

Men, was thought a moft: dangerous Expedient in 

that Conjuncture, unlefs Monke (hould prove more 

honeft than they could believe him to be. The City 

of London alfo took upon them, in their Common 

Council, to receive Petitions from the adjacent 

Counties, touching the Payment of Taxes, and 

other public Affairs ; prefuming not only to call in 

the Petitioners, and to give them Thanks for their 

good Affe&ions, but alfo pafled a Vote that they 

would pay no Taxes, but fuch as {hould be impofed 

by a Free Parliament. 

' The Council of State having received a particu- 
lar Account of the Proceedings in the City, fent for 
Monke to confalt with him concerning the beft 
Means to put a Stop to thefe Diforders ; and fome 
of them moving that the Common Council fhould 
be forbidden to fit, fome few of the moft active 
feized the Gates of the City taken down, the Port*- 
cullices wedged, and the Pofls with their Chains 
pulled up : Monke faid, That if they did no more, 
that would ferve for nothing, becaufe the Damage 
might be foon repaired. He added, That the Dif- 
affe&ion of the City was fo great, that they would 
never be quiet till fome of them were hanged ; and 
that it was abfolutely neceflary, for the prefent, to 
break in Pieces their Gates and Portcullices, to 
burn their Ports, and to carry away their Chains to 
the Tower; offering himfelf, if they would command 
thefe Things to be done, to fee their Orders put in 
Execution. Hereupon the Council ordered him to 
march into the City with his Forces early the next 
Morning, before the Occaiion of his coming among 
them foould be known. Various Reports were 


122 72* Parliamentary HISTORY 

iater-regnum, publifhed touching the Defign of his March into the 
* 6 59- City, and many fufpe&ed that he had already decla- 

\0~~\~* *J re d for the King. But when the Houfe was met, 
February. ^ Council of State made their Report to us, and 
informed us of the unwarrantable Proceedings of the 
Common Council, and of their own Refolutions 
and Orders concerning them ; in the Execution of 
which they afiured us Monke had by that Time 
made a confiderable Progrefs, having already pulled 
up the Pofts with their Chains, taken down the 
Portcullices, and the Gates of the City, which he 
had begun to cut in Pieces, and feized fome of the 
moft active of the Common Council. The Parlia- 
ment having heard the Report of the Council of 
State, approved of what they had done, and ordered 
Fifty Pounds to be given to Monke to defray the 
Expence of his Dinner that Day, he having refufed 
to dine at the Charge of the City, tho' earneftly im- 
portuned to it by divers Citizens. 

' All Things going fo well that Morning, both 
in the Army and in the Parliament, Sir Arthur Ha- 
fdrigge was again fo elevated, that, coming into the 
Houfe in the Afternoon, he broke out, in the Pre- 
fence of divers Members, into thefe Expreilions, All 
is our own, he will be honejt. But it was not long be- 
fore his Wine was turned into Water ; for as foon 
as the Houfe was met, a Letter was prefented to the 
Speaker from Monke, the Contents whereof made 
them eafily perceive that his Zeal to their Service 
began to cool. Therein he acquainted them with 
what he had done in Profecution of the Orders he 
had received, and that he wanted Tools and Inftru- 
ments to finim the Work, having already fpoiled all 
thofe that he had brought with him to cut the Gates 
and other Defences of the City in Pieces ; that the 
Mayor and Citizens had promifed Obedience to the 
Parliament for the Time to come, and therefore he 
defired they would refpite the Execution of what 
remained of his Inftru&ions ; hoping that what had 
been done would be a fufficient Admonition to the 
City for their future gopd Behaviour. 

Of ENGLAND. 123 

6 The Parliament, underftanding the Tendency Inter-regnum, 
of this Letter, were highly offended with Monke^ for 1659. 
prefuming to neglect and difpute their Commands ; t- v -* 
and being refolved to do as much as they could in e ruary * 
this Matter to preferve their Authority, they dif- 
patched a Meflage to him, requiring the exa6t Per- 
formance of the Orders he had received. Upon the 
Receit of thefe fecond Orders, Monke feemed much 
difturbcd, but yielded little or no Obedience to 
them, and lay that Night in the City. The Day 
following he returned with his Forces to Whitehall^ 
and about two Days after he fent a Letter to the 
Houfe, directed to the Speaker, and fubfcribed by 
himfelf and ibme of his Officers ; wherein they com- 
plained that the Parliament had put them upon the 
late difobliging Work in the City, to render them 
odious to the Citizens ; that they continued to fa- 
vour the Fanatic Party, by not profecuting thofe 
that had a6led with the Army in the late Committee 
of Safety, and by permitting Sir Henry Vane and 
Col. Lambert to ftay in Town contrary to their own 
Oidcr for their Removal ; that they admitted Men 
to fit with them in the Houfe, who lay under Accu- 
fations of High Treafon, (meaning Mr. Miles Cor- 
bet and me, tho' not naming us); that, on the con- 
trary, they {hewed a Backwardnefs to repofe any 
Confidence in thofe who were their trueft Friends ; 
upbraiding them with refufing to approve fome Offi- 
cers that had been prefented to them, and delaying 
to grant Commiffions to others whom they had ap- 
proved. They alfo reflected upon the Parliament 
for not making Provifion for the Army, nor minding 
the Public Work, putting them in Mind of the Vote 
for their Diflblution in May following ; and adding 
fome threatening Expreflions, in cafe they fhould not 
ifTue out Writs for filling up the Parliament accord- 
ing to their Promife. 

' After the reading of this Letter from Monke, I 
perceived moft of the Members, who had any Affec- 
tion to their Country, to be much deje&ed. But 
the Parliament having diverted themfelves of their 
own Strength, and abandoned all into the Hands of 


124 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

inter-regnuro. Monke, tho* no Man had ever before prefumed to 
1659. addrefs himfelf to them in fo infolent a Manner, yet 

l ~rr v J they took his Letter into Confederation, and refol- 
ved to give him as much Satisfaaion as they could 
with any Colour of Juftice. To that End they 
quickened their Committee to bring in their Report 
touching thofe that had aded in the late Committee 
of Safety. They ordered Sir Henry Fane to depart 
the Town by a certain Day, and that Col. Lambert 
fliould render himfelf within a limited Time. They 
alfo refolved to iffue out Writs of Summons for re- 
cruiting the Houfe ; but being fully perfuaded that 
the Charge of High Treafon againft me was ground- 
lefs and frivolous, they omitted to make any Order 
concerning it. However, being defirous to procure 
fome Relief for thofe whom I had left at Duncannon y 
and to endeavour that the Forces in Ireland might 
be put into good Hands, I hoped that, if I fhould 
move to be heard, I might at the fame Time have 
an Opportunity to prefs the two laft Things, which 
I efteemed very neceffary in that Conjundure. I 
defired, therefore, that fmce I conceived myfelf 
aimed at in one Part of Monke'* Letter, the Parlia- 
ment would be pleafed to hear me in Vindication of 
my Innocence : But I could not obtain a prefent 
Hearing, my Cafe being put off till a farther Time, 
and then delayed from Day to Day, till the Diffipa- 
tion of thofe who mould have been my Judges. 

* Sir Henry Vane, according to the late Order, 
was preparing to leave the Town; of which having 
Notice, I went to make him a Vifit at his Houfe^ 
where he told me that, unlefs he was much miftaken, 
Monke had yet feveral Mafks to pull off; aflurino- me , 
for what concerned himfelf, that he had all poilible 
Satisfaaion of Mind as to thofe Aaions God had 
enabled him to do for the Commonwealth, and ho- 
ped the fame God would fortify him in his Suffer- 
ings, how fharp foever, to bear a faithful and con- 
Itant I eftimony thereto. Monke havino- alarmed 
the Parliament by the forefaid Letter, and either not 
daring to truft himfelf at Whitehall, or thinkino- 
London a fitter Place to purfue his Defign in, he re- 

Of E N G L A N D. 125 

tired with his Forces into the City, where he mufter- 
ed his Men, and was fplendidly entertained at Din- 
ner by the Mayor and others. Hereupon the Par- 
liament, who endeavoured by all Means to give him 
Satisfaction, fent Mr. Thomas Scott and Mr. Luke 
Robinfon^ who had been their Commiffioners to 
him, as I mentioned before, to aflure him of their 
good Intentions towards him. But he having now 
fortified himfelf by the Conjunction of the City, be- 
gan to treat them in a Manner much different from, 
his former Carriage, not admitting them, without 
Difficulty, to his Prefence ; and, when he cond*- 
fcended to fpeak to them, his Difcourfe tended al- 
ways to the fame Purpofe with his Letter, afperfing 
the Proceedings of the Parliament ; and, amongft 
other Things, reproaching them with their Favour to 
me, as Mr. Scott afterwards informed me ; infomuch 
that he who had fo lately undertaken to the Parlia- 
ment for Monke's Integrity and Fidelity to their 
Service, began to lofe all Hopes of him. Yet for all 
his infolent Carriage to the Parliament and their 
Commiffioners, his Party in the Houfe had the Con- 
fidence to move that he might be made General of 
their Forces, the Time limited by A61 of Parlia- 
ment, for commiffionating him, with others, to 
command the Army in England and Scotland, being 
almoft expired. Many Arguments were ufed to 
that End, tho' thofe which were moft preffed were 
taken from the Confideration of the prefent Pofture 
of their Affairs. 

. But the Parliament ftill retaining fome Sparks 
of that Courage with which they had been formerly 
animated, and having found, by fad Experience, what 
Miferies they had brought upon the Nation and 
themfelves, by trufting Cromwell and others too far, 
chofe rather to perifh by the Hands of an Enemy, if 
Monke ftiould refolve to be fo, than by the Delufions 
of a pretended Friend : And therefore, having re- 
jected the Propofition to make him General, they 
pafled a Vote, That their Armies in England and 
Scotland fhould be governed by Commiffioners, the 


126 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Number of them to be five, and any three of them 
to make a Quorum. But that they might avoid, as 
m uch as poffible, to give him the leaft juft Caufe of 
f cbruary. Difcontent> they firft agreed that he fhould be one 
of the faid Commiffioners : Then they proceeded to 
the Nomination of the reft, and choie Sir Arthur 
Hafilrigge, ftho' he earneftly preiTed them to excufe 
him) Col. Morley, and Col. Walton. Thefe four 
being eleded, it was vifible that the Balance of the 
Commiflion would be in the fifth Man that fhould 
be chofen, Monke having, in a Manner, declared 
himfelf our Enemy, and Col. Morley being fuffi- 
ciently known to be of a temporizing Spirit. 

' Hereupon Monke's Party in the Houie moved 
that Sir Anthony A/hley Cooper might be the fifth 
Commiffioner ; and, on the other Side, the Com- 
monwealth Party had refolved to ufe thti: Endea- 
vours for Major-General Ovcrtsn : But upon Con- 
fideration of the Differences that had been between 
him and Monke, whereby they feared he would not 
pafs, they laid afide that Refolution, and agreed to put 
up Col. Alured. Sir Anthony AJhley Cooper, being firft 
named, was firft put to the Queftion, and by the 
Majority of Votes excluded. Col. Alured being next 
propofed, the Queftion was carried for him, to the 
great Satisfaction of the Commonwealth Party. 

' Whereupon, fitting by Col. Martin in the Houfe, 
and being perfuaded of the Integrity of the major 
Part of thefe Commiffioners, I defired him to move 
that the Command of the Forces in Ireland might 
be inferted in this Commiflion, which, upon his 
Motion, was ordered accordingly ; and the Aft, be- 
ing but fhort, was read thrice, and pafled before the 
rifing of the Houfe : And this I did, becaufe I found 
no other probable Way open to force the Power in 
Ireland out of the Hands of thofe that had ufurped 
it. Though thefe Proceedings did not a iitde difturb 
Monke, yet he endeavoured to difguife his Difiatis- 
falk>n, and began again to court the Members of 
Parliament more than before; whilft, with the Ad- 
vice and Afliftance of his Party in the City, he was 
forming a Militia there, and nominating Officers to 


Of E N G L A N D. 127 

command them, who were chofen for thatPurpofe, Inter-regnuro. 
rather on Account of their Difaffe&ion to the Par- l6 S9- 
liament, than any other grood Quality to be found *- "v~ * 
among them. Feb ^' 

* Having received Advice of thefe Tranfaclions, 
I acquainted Sir Arthur Hafilrigge with my Informa- 
tion, and defired him to think of fome fpeedy Re- 
medy, propofmg that he would caufe our fcattered 
Forces to rendezvous forthwith. But Sir Arthur 
was fo deluded by the Hypocrify of Monke, that he 
affured me he had given him all the Satisfaction, 
both by Words and Letters, that a Man could give 
touching his Integrity to the Parliament ; fhewing 
me, and divers other Members of Parliament, two 
Letters, which he had lately received from him, 
wherein were many Expreffions of his Zeal for the 
Eftablifliment of a Commonwealth, with earneft 
Defires that there might be no Difference between 
them touching the Way, feeing they were both in- 
tirely agreed in the fame End.' 

Neither mufl we forget the Lord Whltlocke in our 
Searches after the Hiftory of thofe Times ; for, tho* 
Jftill in his Country Retirement, yet we find, by his 
Memoirs, that he had very good Intelligence of 
what was doing in Town. This Writer, after tel- 
ling us of Monke's March into London, and of an 
Order made by the Houfe, That he fhould attend 
the Parliament and receive their Senfe, in relation 
to his fignal and faithful Services, has left us a larger 
Account of the General's Speech in the Houfe, than 
either of the foregoing. 

He fays, ' That when Scott reported that Monkey. 
was come to attend the Houfe, and was in the 
Court of Wards, the Serjeant at Arms was fent for 
him, and brought him into the Houfe, accompa- 
nied with Scott and Roblnfon. After his Obeifance, 
a Chair of Velvet being fet for him on the Left 
Hand within the Bar, the Speaker defired him to fit 
down ; but he defired to be excufed, and flood be- 
hind the Chair, whilft the Speaker made a Speech 


ia8 The Parliamentary HisroRr 

Inter-regnum. to him, magnifying his Service and Merits, and gi- 

l6 59v ving him the hearty Thanks of the Houfe. 
*TT V- ' 11 ^ ' Monfce anfwered him, extolling the Mercy of 
e ruary. fae'ir Restitution, and acknowledging the Goodneis 
of God to him, in making him inftrumental there- 
in j which was but his Duty, and deferved not the 
Honour they had done him. He told them of the 
many Addrefies to him, in his Journey, for a free 
and full Parliament, and that this Parliament would 
determine their fitting. 

' That, as to the fecluded Members, he anfwered 
them, That this Parliament had already given their 
Judgment, in which ail ought to acquiefce ; and 
that no Parliament had admitted new Members to 
fit without a previous Oath or Engagement ; and 
he now faith it to the Parliament, that the lefs 
Oaths and Engagements are impofed, the Settle- 
ment will be the (boner attained; and he hoped the 
Parliament would be careful that neither the Cava- 
lier nor Fanatic Party have yet a Share in the Civil 
or Military Power. 

' Then he fpake of Ireland and of Scotland, who 
feared nothing more than to be over-run with Fa- 
natic Notions ; and he defired a Settlement there, 
and their Favour to that Nation. 

' Part of his Speech troubled and amufed fome of 
his Mafters of the Parliament; and how himfelf 
purfued what he pretended, will afterwards appear/ 

We have now done with all the Quotations from 
old Authorities, which we think neceiFary to intro- 
duce, towards clearing up the Hiftory to this Pe- 
riod, and proceed with the Journals for the fuc- 
ceeding Days of this Month. 

February 13. The firft Thing we find on this 
The Journal:. Day is another Order of the Houfe, for the Serjeant 
at Arms to carry Sir Henry Vane to his Houfe at 
Bellew, in the County of Lincoln. A Proclamation 
was alfo read and agreed to by the Houfe, for Col. 
John Lambert to render himfelf, on a Day fixed, 


Of E N G L A N D. 129 

to the Council of State, and give an Account of his later- regnum. 
Contempt of the Order of Parliament j or, in De- l6 59- 
fault thereof, that his Eftate, Real and Perfonal, ^~^^~ J 
be fequeftered. This Proclamation to be forthwith 
printed, publifhed, and proclaimed by the Serjeant 
at Arms, in Weftminftcr-Hall, the New Palace- 
Tardy and at the Old Exchange, London. 

We have met with a Copy of this Proclamation, 
printed amongft the various Diurnals, or News 
Papers, of thefe Times, which take in its own 
Words : 


e "I T jTHereas John Lambert , Efq; being com- A Proclamation 

* VV manded by the Parliament to repair to a s ainft ***"* 
' one of his Dwelling-Houfes, moft remote from 

* the City of London, in order to the Quiet and Peace 

* of the Commonwealth, and afterwards, upon Re- 
queft made on his Behalf, was ordered to repair 
' to Holmby, in the County of Northampton, there 
' to remain and abide during the Pleafure of Par- 
liament ; to which Command the fad John Lam- 
' bert hath not fubmitted, but doth, or did lately, 
' lye privately in and about the City of London, as 

* is informed, and is Vehemently fufpe&ed to have 
' promoted, countenanced, and abetted the late Mu- 

* tiny and Tumult at Somerfet-Houfe, in the Strand, 
' upon the fecond of February, 1659 : It is therefore 
ordered that the faid John Lambert do render him- 
' felf, by Thurfday next, to the Council of State, to 

* give an Account of his Contempt of Order of Par- 
' liament ; and, in Default thereof, the Eftate, Real 
' and Perfonal, of the faid John Lambert, is to be 
' feized and fequeftered to and for the Ufe of the 

* Commonwealth : And the Commiffioners of Se- 
' queftrations fitting at HaberdaJhers-Hall, in Lon- 

* don, are hereby commanded to fequefter the fame 
' accordingly : And it is further ordered, That this 
' prefent Order be proclaimed and publiflied in 
' IVejlminJler, according to ufual Courfe.' 

VOL. XXII. I .0r- 

130 *T^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. Ordered, alfo, That the Members of this Houfc, 
l6 59 who had acted at the pretended Committee of Safe- 

V* \/~**J t y ? (1 appear in Parliament on this Day Se'nnight; 
February. ^ jj ou f e tnen to go upon the Bufmefs relating to 
the faid Members, the firft Thing, and nothing to 
intervene.' A Committee likewife was appointed to 
fend for Henry Scobe/l, Efq; and Mr. Robin/on^ late 
Clerk to the Committee of Safety, to examine all 
the Books, Papers, &c. that are in their Hands, par- 
ticularly a Draught of a Form of Government, pre- 
fented to the faid Committee, and report their Opi- 
nion which of the Things were worthy for the Con- 
fideration of Parliament. 

The Vote was alfo renewed for a Month's Pay 
to be forthwith advanced to all the Forces and Gar- 
rifons in England; the Committee for the Army to 
provide the fame. 

February 14. Mr. Millington reported from th? 
Committee, to whom the Bill touching the Engage- 
ment was referred, the Amendments to the faid Bill, 
which were twice read, and then it was refolved, 
That the Engagement be in thefe Words, viz. 

I A. B. do promife and declare, That I will be true 
find faithful to the Commonwealth of England, and 
the Government thereof, in the Way of a Common- 
wealth and Free State, without a King, Single Per- 
fan, or Houfe of Lords. 

Lord-Commiffioner Widdringt(m and Mr. Solli- 
citor Ellis were ordered to bring in an A& the next 
Morning, for the Council of State to take this En- 
gagement, inftead of the Oath of Renunciation ; and 
that, upon taking thereof, with the Refidue of the 
Inftrudtions given to the Council of State, they do 
fit and aft with the reft of that Council. 

February 15. Letters from Col. Over ton at Hull. 
dated February 12, 1659, and a Declaration, under 
the Hands of feveral Gentlemen in Ycrkfiire, were 
read, declaring for the fecluded Members, or a Free 


Of ENGLAND. 13* 

Parliament, and againft paying of Taxes. Referred Inter-rcgnum. 
to the Council of State. i*59- 

A Paper was given to the Houfe, by Alderman *~^y~*~* 
Atkins, of feveral Informations taken by the Lord 
Mayor and Aldermen of the City of London j with 
their Defire that it might be examined, the fame 
being fcandalous to divers Members of Parliament. 
Referred to a Committee. 

February 1 6. The A& concerning the Oath, or 
Engagement, to be taken by the Members of the 
Council of State, was read a fecond Time, with 
Amendments ; and, upon the Queftion, paffed.- 
Some additional Qualifications for Members of Par- 
liament were alfo brought in, read, and agreed to be 
Part of the Bill. A Divifion of the Houfe happen- 
ing on one of thefe Additions, the Numbers were 
I'j to 26 j which we mention only to {hew trte 
Strength of the Houfe at that Time. 

February 1 8. Some more Additions were offered, 
but rejected, and no more were voted to be added 
to this Bill ; which, upon the third Reading, was 
paffed, and ordered to be printed and publifhed : 
The Title to be, An Aft concerning Elections of 
Members to ferve in Parliament. 

This extraordinary Aft, which took up fo much 
Time to model and make fit for their Purpofe, we. 
have never yet met with at Length; but the Reader 
will have fome Notion what it was, by the follow- 
ing Abftraft of it, taken from one of the weekly 
News Papers of thofe Times, publiftied by Autho- 
rity. Some of the principal Heads of this A61 are 
as followeth : 

' No Perfon who hath been concerned in the Irijh 

* Rebellion, or who are ProfefTors of the Popifti 

* Religion, or who have married a Wife of the 
' fame, or brought up his Children therein, or have 

* been in Arms againft the Parliament fince Jan. i, 

* 1641, unlefs reftored by Commiifion fince May 7, 

* 1659, an< ^ continued faithful fince ; or fuch as 

* have been concerned in any Plot for Charles Stu- 

I 2 art 

132 The Parliamentary HisxofcY 

later- regnum. c art fince 1648, or that have advifed or promoted 

* a Single Perfon fince Jan. I, 1659 ; nor any Per- 

FebruaT 1 * 1 ^ ' *" di ^ abled by A( ^ J 7' ^* r ' int ituled, An Aft 
r ^' ' difabling Perfons in Holy Orders ; neither any Per- 

* fon who denieth the Scriptures to be the Word 

* of God, or the Sacrament, Prayer, Magiftracy, or 
4 Miniftry to be the Word of God ; nor fuch as -are 

* guilty of any of the Offences in the Act bearing 

* Date 1650, intituled, An Acl againjl federal blaf- 
4 phemou* and execrable Opinions, derogatory to the 
4 Honour of God, and destructive to human Socie- 
4 ty j no common Profaner of the Lord's Day, no 
4 common profane Swearer or Curfer, nor common 
4 Drunkard j nor the Son of a fequeftered Perfon 
4 (unlefs fuch Sons as have borne Arms for the Parlia- 
4 ment, and continued faithful thereto) during the 
4 Life of his Father ; nor any that promife or give a 
4 Reward to be elected, or any Entertainment to the 
4 Electors ; alfo that the Elected takes the Engage 
4 ment before he fits in the Houfe. They who are 
4 elected and fit in Parliament, contrary to thefe 
4 Qualifications, to forfeit iooo/. to the Common* 
4 wealth ; and thofe who elect contrary to the Tenor 
4 of this Aft, to forfeit one Part of their Real Eftate 
4 and one Part of their Perfonal Eftate to the Com- 

* mon wealth.' 

February 18. Being Saturday , the Houfe, on the 
breaking up, adjourned itfelf to Monday the 20th ; 
on which Day we meet with nothing but an Hiatus, 
marked with fome Afterifms, in the Journals ; the 
Reafon of which will be explained in the Sequel, as 
well as the following extraordinary Refolutions, 
which are entered as made on the next Day, when 
we find the Face of Things greatly changed in the 

Several Refolu- Refolved, * That the Refolution of this Houfe, 
tionsfor expun-of the l8th of December, 1648, that Liberty be gi- 
in ven to the Members of this Houfe, to declare their 
Diflent to the Vote of the 5th of December, 1648 : 
That the King's Anfwer to the Propofitions of 
fcoth Hou&s, was a Ground for this Houfe to pro- 


Of ENGLAND. 133 

teed upon, for Settlement of the Peace of the King- 
dom, be vacated, and made null and void, and ob- 
Jiterated. February. 

Refolved, That the Refolution of this Houfe, 
of the 20th of December , 1648, touching Members 
declaring their Diflent or Difapproval of the faid 
Vote, of the 5th of December ; 164.8, to a Commit-r 
tee therein named ; and every Claufe of the faid 
Order, be vacated, and made null and void, and 

Refolved, That the Order of the 23d of Febru- 
ary y 1648, that no Member that hath not fitten in 
this Houfe fmce the 31 ft of January then laft, fhould 
fit in any Committee, until! this Houfe take further 
Order, be vacated, and made null and void, and ob- 

Refolved, That the feveral Votes, of the 20th 
of December, 1648, touching the Manner and Entry 
of the difapproving of the feveral Members to the 
Vote of the 5th of December, 1648, be made null 
and void, and obliterated out of the Journal-Book. 

Refolved, That the Vote of the gth of June* 
1649, touching the fufpending the fitting of fuch 
Members as fhould not enter their Diflent or Dif- 
approval of the faid Vote of the 5th of December^ 
1648, and fhould not, before the 30th of the faid 
Month of June, give Satisfaction to the faid Com- 
mittee, and that the Houfe would proceed to the 
Election of new Members in their room, be vaca- 
ted, and made null and void, and obliterated. 

Refolved, That all Orders of this Houfe made 
upon a Paper, intituled, A folemn Protejlation of the 
imprifoned and feduded Members of the Commons 
Houfe, again/I the horrid Force and Violence of the 
Officers and Soldiers of the Army, on Wednefday and 
Thurfday la/i, being the 6th and yth of December, 
1648, be, and are hereby, vacated, and made null 
and void, and obliterated : And that the faid Paper 
be taken off the File. 

Refolved, That the Refolution of Parliament, 

<jf the 5th of January, 1659, for confirming thej 

I 3 former 


134 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

former Votes, be likewife vacated, and made null 
and void, and obliterated. 

Refolved, That all Votes of this Houfe, touch^ 
ing new Ele&ions of Members to fit and ferve in this 
Parliament, be, and are hereby, vacated : And that 
Mr. Speaker be, and is, required not to fign any 
fuch Orders. 

And it was ordered to be referred to Mr. Ra- 
leigh, Col. Pury, Mr. Weaver ^ Sir Anthony AJhlty 
Cooper, Mr. Annejley, Mr. Prynne, or any three of 
them, who were to meet in the Speaker's Chamber 
that Afternoon, to expunge and obliterate the Votes 
and Refolutions of the Houfe, vacated this Day ; 
who were to confider what other Votes there are of 
this Nature, and to report their Opinion to the Par- 

Then it was refolved, 6 That General George 
Monke be conftituted and appointed Captain-Gene> 
ral and Commander in Chief, under the Parlia- 
ment, of all the Land Forces of England, Scotland^ 
and Ireland 5 and that Vice- Admiral Lawfon be 
Continued Vice- Admiral of the Naval Forces. 

The Aft appointing Commiflioners for Govern- 
ment of the Army being next read, it was refolved, 
* That all the Powers thereby granted to General 
George Monke, Sir Arthur Hafilriggs, Colonels 
Walton, Merley, and Alurtd, do ceafe j and that 
the faid Commiflioners be requir'd to forbear to pro- 
ceed to aft any further thereupon j and Col. Morley 
to give Notice of this Vote to the reft of the faid 
Commiflioners ; and an A& for Repeal of the faid 
A<t appointing Commiffioners for Government of 
the Army be brought in by the before-mentioned 
Committee, to whom Mr. Scawtn and Mr. Serjeant 
Maynard were to be added. 

Then it was refolved, That Sir Robert Pye, Ma- 
jor Fincber, Mr. Vinctnt, Mr. Bludworth, Major 
Chamberlayne, Col. Blomfield, Mr. Jack/on, Major 
Cx, Mr. Thomas Browne, and Mr. Rootes, be dif- 
^harged of their Imprifonment, upon giving Security 

Of ENGLAND. 135 

to the Lieutenant of the Tower not to difturb the Inter-regnum* 

Peace of the Commonwealth. The Lieutenant of 

the Tower was ordered to give an Account to the 

Parliament the next Morning of the Caufe of Sir 

George Booth's and Major Peter Brooke's Imprifon- 


Ordered, * That all fuch Orders as have been 
made fince Saturday laft, by the Council of State, or 
Commiffioners of the Army, concerning the Forces 
and Garrifons, be communicated to General George 
Monke ; and that there be no Proceedings upon any 
of the faid Orders, without the Approbation of the 
faid General Monke. 

Refolded, That all the Powers given to the 
Council of State be, and are hereby, fufpended until! 
the Parliament take further Order ; and that Mr. 
f leaver do give Notice of this Order to the Council 
of State, and leave the Order with the Clerk of the 

Ordered, That Serjeant Maynard, Mr. Prynne % 
and Mr. Solicitor Ellis ^ do bring in a Bill this After- 
noon for conftituting a new Council of State. 

In the Afternoon of this Day the Order of the 
9th of February^ for difcontinuing the prefent Com- 
mon Council of the City of London^ was vacated : 
And it was refolved, That the Lord Mayor, Alder- 
men, and Common Council of the City of London^ 
have Liberty to make up their Gates, Pofts, Port- 
cullices, and Chains, as they (hall fee Caufe, and 
Sir Gilbert Gerrard^ Mr. Vajjel* and Alderman At- 
kiny were ordered to deliver thefe Votes to the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council. 

It was alfo ordered, That Mr. Sollicitor-Gene- 
ral, Mr. Serjeant Glynn^ and Mr. Serjeant Maynard* 
do bring in a Bill for repealing the Aft conftituting 
Commiffioners for Government of the Army. 

Mr. Weaver acquainted the Houfe, that he had 
given Notice to the Council of State of the Order of 
the Houfe for fufpending them, and that ready Obe- 
dience was yielded thereunto. 

Mr. Serjeant Maynard reported a Bill, conftitu- 
ting a Council of State, which was read the firft 


136 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter- rcgnum. and fecond Time this Day, and, upon the Queftion-, 
l6 59- committed to a Committee, who were to meet 

** - T v ^~~' that Afternoon in the Speaker's Chamber, with 
' ary * Power to confider of thefe Inftrudiojis, and of for- 
mer Inftrudtions given to the Council of State, and 
to prefent fuch Inftrudtions to the Parliament as they 
iliould think fit for their Confutation. 

Then it was refolved, That the Number of the 
Council of State be Thirty- one; thatGeneralGW^? 
Monke be one of the Council of State j and that the 
refpe&ive Members of Parliament prepare their 
Papers to make up Thirty Perfons more to be of the 
Council of State, who were to be chofen by Glades, 
as formerly accuftomed, the next Morning. 

Mr. Cheftvy High-Sheriff of Buckingham/hire, 
Henry Brooke, Efq; Sir Jthn Norcott, Sir JVilliam 
Courtney i Sir Richard Temple , Sir Coplejlwi Bamfield, 
and the Apprentices of London, now in Prifon at 
Lambeth- Houfe, were ordered to be difcharged from 
their Imprifonment ; and the Keeper of Windfor 
Caftle was ordered to certify to the Parliament the 
Caufes of the Imprifonment of the Earls of Craw- 
ford and Laudtrdaby a.nd Lord Saintcleir, now in 
Prifon there. 

February 22. It was refolved, That Sir George 
Booth be difcharged from his Imprifonment in the 
Tower, upon giving 5000 L Bail toanfwer anything 
that {hall be obje&ed againft him, and the Sequeftra- 
tion of his Eftate was fufpended untill the Parliament 
take further Order. Mr. Faunt, Sheriff of the 
County of Leicejler, was alfo difcharged from his 

Sir Gilbert Gerrard reported, That he acquainted 
the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London, with the 
Refolves made Yefterday j and that they return their 
humble Thanks to the Parliament for their Refpeds 
to the City. 

Then it was refolved, That the Gates, Portcul- 
lices, and Pofts, of the City of London, be made up 
at the public Charge of the State. 


Of E N G L A N D. 

February 23. It was ordered, ' That Sir William Inter-regnum 

ann, now in Prifon in Dover-Caftle, Sir John 
Boys, Mr. William Sumner, and all other Perfons who 
flood committed only for tendering an Addrefs, of 
Declaration, for a Free Parliament, be difoharged 
from their Imprifonment ; and all Warrants for ap^ 
prehending Perfons for making any fuch Declara- 
tions or Addrefles, were declared null and void.' 

Refolved, That all the Militias in the refpeclive 
Counties, and the Powers given to them, be revo- 
ked j that the levying of any Men, Monies, Horfes, 
or Arms, be forborne j that this Vote be forthwith 
printed and publifhed ; that the Members do fend 
them into their refpeKve Counties by the Poft this 
Night ; and that a Committee be appointed to bring 
in a Bill for fettling the feveral Militias in the re- 
fpe&ive Counties.* 

The Houfe, according to former Order, pro- 
ceeded in the Election of the Council of State ; and, 
after telling the Houfe by Order of the Speaker, 
there appeared to be 113 Members prefent, the fol- 
lowing, after being balloted, were feverally refolved 
to be the Council of State, viz. William Pierpoint, 
John Crew, Col. RoJJiter, Richard Knightley, Col. 
Popham, Col. Morley, Lord Fairfax, Sir Anthony 
Ajhley Cooper, Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Lord Chief Juftice 
St. John, Lord Commiflioner Widdrington, Sir John 
Evelyn, of Wits, Sir William Waller, Sir Richard 
On/low, Sir William Lewis, Col. Edward Monta- 
gue, Col. Edward Harley, Richard Norton, Arthur 
Annefley, Denzil Holies, Sir John Temple, Col. George 
Thompfon, John Trevor, Sir John Holland, Sir John 
Potts, Col. John Birch, Sir Harbottle Grim ft on, 
John Swinfen, John Weaver, and Serjeant Maynard. 
Mr. Anne/ley was ordered to bring in Inftrudtions 
for the Council of State the next Morning. 

Sir Richard On/low reported, That the Com- 
mittee appointed Yefterday had, according to the 
Command of the Parliament, acquainted the Lord 
Mayor and Aldermen of the City of London with the 
Votes of the Parliament ; and that the City was fa 
forward to exprefs their Affections to the Parlia- 

138 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

loter-regnum, ment, that, notwithftanding the great Decay of 
Trade, and Poverty of the City, they did offer to 
advance 60,000 /. towards the prefent Supply of the 
Army and Navy i and did therefore humbly requeft 
the Parliament to appoint fome of the Aldermen of 
the City to receive the Afleffments, for their Reirn- 

The City of Lou- The Houfe being informed that divers Aldcr- 
<fc*'s verbal Ad- men o f t j^ e Q ty o f London were at the Door. 

drefs to Parha- , 11 j j i_ i T 

meat j they were called in ; and, being come to the Bar, 

Mr. Alderman Fowke acquainted the Houfe, ' That 
the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Coun- 
cil of the City of London, being fenfible of the Good- 
nels of God, in uniting the Parliament, and refto- 
ring the Members to the Difcharge of their Truft, 
thought it their Duty, upon their firft Meeting, to 
give Glory to God, and had fet apart Tuefday next 
for a Day of Thankfgiving : That they acknow- 
ledge it their Duty to return their humble Thanks 
for the Favour of the Parliament, exprefled in their 
late Votes ; and the Seafonablenefs of it : That 
though they had been laid low, and not fully an- 
fwered what had been expected from them ; and 
had been looked upon as Perfons difaffe&ed to the 
Parliament ; tho' they were in fome Things difia- 
tisfied, yet they were ever Well-willeis to the Par- 
liament. He did, with Thankfulnefs, own the Re- 
folutions of the Parliament, in reftoring the Mem- 
bers that were iinprifoncd j and in ordering their 
Gates, Portcullices, Potts, and Chains, to be fet up 
at the public Charge of the State : That the Con- 
fidence the Parliament put in the City would not 
be mifplaced, nor their Expectations fruftrated : That 
the City did congratulate the happy Return of the 
Parliament : That they found fome Perfons for a 
Monarchical, fome for a Commonwealth, fome for 
no Government at all. The laft they did diflike ; 
for the other they would not prefume to direct, but 
Ihould acquiefce and fubmit to the Determination 
of Parliament; And concluded with an humble 
Defire, That the Militia of the City might be put 


Of E N G L A N D. 139 

into fuch Hands as the City might confide in : And, Inter-rejnum, 
to that End, tendered a Lift of Names of Commif- 
fioners for their Militia ; yet with humble Subrnif- 
fion to the Judgment of the Parliament. And alfo 
deliver'd aPetition, which, after the Petitioners were 
withdrawn, was read, and was addrefied to the 
Parliament of England, and intituled, The humble Pe- 
tition of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the 
City of London, in Common Council affembled? 

The Petitioners being called in again, Mr. Speaker 
gave them this Anfwer : 

' Gentlemen, If we may meafure Affections by theTbanksreturn'4 
Number of the Perfons that came to prefent yourty the Houfe. 
Petition, we may fay you brought the Affections of 
the whole City with you. Your Expreffions at the 
Bar intimate no lefs ; and you may reft aflured of 
the like from the Parliament, you acknowledging 
that Duty and Refpe& which is due from you to the 
Parliament. They have read your Petition, and have 
alfo already read your Lift, and patted it, as you de- 
fired. The Members of Parliament, who were Ye- 
fterday with the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, have 
made a Report of the great Readinefs of the City to 
advance Money for the prefent Supply of the Army 
and Navy. Whatever Miftakes have been formerly, 
it can't but be an happy Day to all but our Enemies, 
in that all the Affections of the City and Parliament 
are joined together. You have Ihewed yours, as 
well by your Words as Actions. And the Par- 
liament have commanded me, for your good Af- 
re6tions and Actions, to give you hearty Thanks : 
And, in their Names, I do give you very hearty 

Then it was refolved, That Tuefday the 2$th 
Inft. be fet apart for a Day of Thankfgiving to the 
Lord, to be obferved by the Parliament in Mar- 
garet's Church, Weftminfier^ for the happy Union df 
the Parliament, and the Return of their Members to 
the Difcharge of their Truft ; and ordered, That 
Mr, Calamy be defired to carry on the Work of the 


140 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum, Day, and Mr. Annefley to give him Notice there-* 
1<5 59- O f. 

A Letter from General Monke^ at Whitehall^ of 
the aiftof February, 1659, was read: This is all 
the Intimation the Journals give us of a Letter of 
this Date ; but the old Collection which we have 
mentioned calls it a Speech and a Declaration which 
the General made to the Houfe at Whitehall, on 
Tuefday, February 21, from which Authority we 
ihall here introduce them. k 

'The SPEECH of bis Excellency the Lord-General 


A Speech and < "\7'OU are not, I hope, ignorant what Care and 
?hf SfaLnt ' I Endeavours have been ufed, and Means ef- 
from General ' fayed, for healing the Breaches of our Divifions 

* amongft ourfelves ; and that, in order thereunto, 

* divers Conferences have been procured between 

* you, though to fmall Effect ; yet having at length 

* received fuller Satisfaction from thefe worthy Gen- 

* tlemen that were fecluded than formerly, I was 

* bold to put you all to the Trouble of this Meeting, 

* that I might open myfelf to you all, even with 

* more Freedom than formerly: But, left I might be 
e mifapprehended or miftaken, as of late it befell 

* me, I have committed to writing the Heads of 

* what I intended to difcourfe to you, and defire it 
' may be read openly to you all.' 

c TT appears unto me, by what I have heard from 

* JL you and the whole Nation, that the Peace and 
' happy Settlement of thefe bleeding Nations, next 

* under God, lyeth in your Hands. And when I 

* confider that Wifdom, Piety, and Self-denial, 
e which I have Reafon to be confident lodgeth in 

you ; 

fc Thefe were alfo printed by themfelves in a ftngle Pamphlet, by 
the General's Order, for John Playford, in the Temple, 1659. 

Of E N G L A N D. 141 

* you ; and how great a Share of the Nation's Suf- Jnter-rcgnum. 

* ferings will fall upon you, in cafe the Lord deny '^Sfr 
' us now a Settlement, I am in very good Hopes *~~~ F 7" 

* there will be found in you all fuch melting Bowels 
' towards thefe poor Nations, and towards one ano- 

* ther, that you will become Healers and Makers- 

* up of all its woful Breaches. And that fuch an 

* Opportunity may clearly appear to be in your 

* Hands, I thought good to afTure you, and that in 
1 the Prefence of God, that I have nothing before 

* my Eyes but God's Glory, and the Settlement of 

* thefe Nations upon Commonwealth Foundations: 
6 In purfuit whereof Ifliall think nothing too dear; 
' and, for my own Particular, I {hall throw myfelf 

* down at your Feet, to be any thing or nothing in 

* order to thefe great Ends. 

4 As to the Way of future Settlement, far be iC 

* from me to impofe any thing; I defire you may be 

* in perfect Freedom ; only give me Leave to mind 
' you, that the old Foundations are, by God's Pro- 

* vidence, fo broken, that, in the Eye of Reafon, 
' they cannot be reftored, but upon the Ruin of the 
6 People of thefe Nations, that have engaged for 
' their Rights in Defence of the Parliament, and the 
' great and main Ends of the Covenant, for uniting 
( and making the Lord's Name one in the Three 

* Nations. And alfo the Liberty of the People's 
' Reprefentatives in Parliament will certainly be 

* loft ; for if the People find that, after fo long and 

* bloody a War againft the King for breaking in 

* upon their Liberties, yet at laft he muft be taken 

* in again, it will be out of Queftion, and is moft 

* manifeft, he may for the future govern by his 

* Will, difpofe of Parliaments and Parliament-Men 
6 as he pleafeth, and yet the People will never more 

* rife for their Afliftance. 

' And as to the Interefts of this famous City, 

* (which hath been, in all Ages, the Bulwark of 

* Parliaments, and unto whom I am, for their great 

* AffecYion, fo deeply engaged) certainly it muft lye 

* in a Commonwealth ; that Government only be - 

' ing 

142 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

Inter-regnutm 4 ing capable to make them, through the Lord's 
l6 59- < Bleffing, the Metropolis and Bank of Trade for all 
< r"7 v ~"*" J ' Chriftendom, whereunto God and Nature hath 
tuafy ' fitted them above all others. 

4 And as to a Government in the Church, the 
4 Want whereof hath been no fmall Caufe of thefe 
Nations Diftra&ions ; it is moft manifeft, that, if 

* it be Monarchical in the State, the Church muft 
4 follow, and Prelacy muft be brought in ; which 
' thefe Nations, I know, cannot bear, and againft 

* which they have fo folemnly fworn : And indeed 
4 moderate, not rigid, Prefbyterian Government, 

* with a fufficient Liberty for Confciences truly ten- 
4 der, appears at prefent to be the molt indifferent 
4 and acceptable Way to the Church's Settlement. 

' The main Thing that feems to lye in the Way 

* is the Intereft of the Lords, even of thofe Lords 
' who have {hewed themfelves Noble indeed, by 
4 joining with the People; and, in Defence of thole 
4 juft Rights, have adventured their deareft Blood 

* and large Eftates. To that I fhall only fay, That 
4 though the State of thefe Nations be fuch as can- 
f not bear their fitting in a diftint Houfe, yet cer- 
4 tainly the Wifdom of Parliament will find out fuch 
4 hereditary Marks of Honour for them, as may 
4 make them more Noble in After-ages. 

' Gentlemen, Upon the whole Matter, the beft 
c Refult that I can make at prefent for the Peace of 

* thefe Nations, will be, in my Opinion, that you 
' forthwith go to fit together in Parliament, in 

* order, 

1. 4 To the fettling the Conduct of the Armies 
c of the Three Nations in that Manner as they may 

* be ferviceable to the Peace and Safety of them, 
4 and not to its own and the Nation's Ruin by Fac- 

* tion and Divifion. 

2. * To the providing fufficient Maintenance for 

* them ; that is, for the Forces by Land, and for 
4 the Navy by Sea, and all the Arrears of bath, and 
4 other Contingencies of the Government. 

3. ' To the appointing a Council of State, with 

* Authority to fettle thfe Civil Government and Ju- 


Of E N G L A N D. 143 

c dicatories in Scotland and Ireland, and to take Inter-regnant. 

* Care for the iffuing of Writs for the fummoning a 
Parliament of thefe Three Nations united, to meet 
at Wejiminjler the 2Oth Day of April next, with 
' fuch Qualifications as may fecure the Public Caufe 
4 we are all engaged in, and according to fuch Di- 
' ftributions as were ufed in the Year 1654: Which 

* Parliament, fo called, may meet and act in Free- 

* dom, for the more full eftablifhing of this Com- 

* monwealth without a King, Single Perfon, or 
' Houfe of Lords. 

4. ' To a legal Diflblution of this Parliament, to 

* make Way for Succeflion of Parliaments. 

* And, in order to thefe good Ends, the Guards 
e will not only willingly admit you, but faithfully, 
6 both myfelf and every the Officers under my 

* Command ; and, I believe, the Officers and Sol- 
4 diers of the Three Nations will fpend their Blood 
c for you and fucceffive Parliaments. 

' If your Conjunction be directed to this End, 

* you may part honourably, having made a fair Step 

* to the Settlement of thefe Nations, by making a 

* Way for fucceffive Parliaments. 

But I muft needs fay, that if any different 
6 Counfels fhould be taken, which I have no Reafon 

* to fear, thefe Nations would prefently be thrown 
< back into Force and Violence, and all Hopes of 

* this much-defired Eftablimment be buried in Dif- 

* order j which the Lord, in his great Mercy, 1 
c hope, will prevent : And fo God fpeed you well 
' together, and unite your Hearts for the Prefer- 

* vation of Peace, and Settlement of thefe Nations 
6 to his own Glory, and yours and all our Com- 

* forts/ 

February 24. It feems that this Speech and De- 
claration were both very pleafmg to the Members, 
for this Day the Bill for conftituting him Captain- 
General an'd Commander in Chief of all the Land- 
Forces in England, Scotland, and Ireland, was read 
a firft and fecond Time, and committed. They 


144 Tb* Parliamentary 

later-rcgnum, alfo read a firft and fecond Time, and pafTed, a Billj 
l6 59- intituled, An Att making void the Atts appointing 

*~Z~fr~~*^ CommiJJioners for the Government of the Army, and 
;uaiy. ^ ma king Charles Fleetwood, Ejq; Commander in 
Chief of the Land- Forces, and order'd it to be printed 
and publifhed. 

Inftrudtions for the new Council of State were 
alfo debated this Day, and many Additions and Al- 
terations made to them j after which they were or- 
dered to be ingrofied. The Queftion being put, 
That a particular Time be limited for the Continu- 
ance of the Council of State, it pafled in the Nega- 
tive, 36 againft 26, and agreed the Time fliould be 
till the Parliament take further Order. Lajlly, a 
Bill was ordered to be brought in, for the Diflblu- 
tion of this prefent Parliament; and that Mr. An- 
nejley, Mr. Prynne, and Mr. SollicitOF-General do 
prepare and bring in the faid Bill. 

February 2$. The Bill for conflicting General 
George Monke Captain-General, &c. was this Day 
read a third Time ; and a Claufe being offered to be 
added to it, viz. ' Whether it was by Pretence or 
Colour of Authority from Charles Stuart, Son of the 
late King, or from any other Single Perfon or Per- 
fons whatfoever r' And the Queftion being put, That 
this Claufe be now read, it pafled in the Negative, 
without any Divifion. 

Another Bill was brought in, and read a firft 
Time, for fettling the Honour and Manor of Hamp- 
ton-Court, and other Lands, upon General George 
Monke, and his Heirs, and ordered a fecond Read- 
ing the next Day. Thefe Donations of the Royal 
Palaces and Domains were, no doubt, artfully mov'd 
for in the Houfe by fome, who might otherways wilh 
him hang'd out of the Way, in .order to bind the 
General more to their Intereft for the Sake of his 

The Bill for conflicting a Council of State, with 
Inflations, was read a third Time ; and a Claufe 
vvas offered and agreed to be added to it, ' That the 

Of ENGLAND, 145 

A& with the Inftru&ions for a Council of State, Inter-regnum, 
pafled Jan. 2, 1659, with all the Powers, Claufes, l6 S9- 
Articles, and InftrucYions therein contained, be and V ^7*" J 
hereby are repealed, made null and void.' After 
which the faid Al, being put to the Queftion, 
pafled ; but was not ordered to be printed and pub- 
lifhed, for Reafons of State. 

A Bill for Continuance of the Cuftoms and Ex- 
cife was this Day read a third Time, pafled, and 
ordered to be printed and publifhed. 

The Circuits for the Lent Affixes, for the feveral 
Counties of the Commonwealth, was ordered to be 
put off, and a Proclamation publifhed, declaring the 
Grounds and Reafons of it. 

Ordered, alfo, That Peter Brooke, Efq; Co!. 
Holland, Henry Brooke , and Col. Charles White^ be 
difcharged from their Imprifonment, and the Seque- 
ftrations againft their Eftates ftopp'd. Several Per- 
ibns more, by Name, who, we fuppofe, were con- 
cerned in Sir George Booth's Affair, were pardoned. 

February 27. Sir Thomas Middhton^ Thomas Mid*-* 
dleton, Efq; his Son, with others, who were taken 
on the Surrender of Cbirk-Cajlle, were alfo dif- 
charged from their Imprifonment, and the Seque- 
ftration of their Eftates fufpended. The feveral 
Votes of Sept. 17, 1659, for the diiTolving and dif- 
incorporating of the City of Ckefter, and that the 
faid City and County of the fame be no diftincl: Ju- 
rifdi&ion, were all vacated, and made null and void : 
And an Acl was ordered to be brought in for reviving 
the Jurifdi&iou of the Counties Palatine of Chefter 
and Lancafter. 

Laftly, A Committee was appointed to confider 
who were in Prifon, and upon what Account; who 
were fit to be difcharged from their Imprifonment, 
and the Sequeftrations of their Eftates fufpended ; and 
prefent their Opinions therein to the Parliament. 

By Defire of the Council of State, Liberty was 

given by the Houfe, in cafe of fpecial Exigencies 

VOL. XXII. K for 

146 ffle Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. for the Public Safety, to feize and fecure any Perfbrt 

l6 59- or Perfons that they {hall have juft Ground to 

*TT V """"^ fufpedl to carry on any Defigns of public Danger, 

ruary ' though fuch Perfons be, for the prefent, 'Members 

of Parliament. 

John Thompfon and John Thin-Joe, Efqrs. being 
both nominated for a Secretary of State, the Houfe 
divided on the Queftion, when Tkurke, who had 
been Secretary to Oliver Cromwell^ was elected by * 
Majority of. 65 to 38 ; in all 103 Members in the 
Houfe at that Time. 

A Bill for diflblving this prefent Parliament was 
this Day read once, and referred back to the Com- 
mittee who brought it in, to prepare a Form of a 
Writ for Election of Members to fit and ferve in 
Parliament, and how, and in what Manner, the new 
Parliament fhould be fummoned. 

Another Bill, for fettling the Militia in the fevera! 
Counties of the Commonwealth, was alfo read a 
firft Time. Both thefe laft Bills were ordered to be 
read on the 2gth Inftant ; to which Day the Houfe 
adjourned, on Account of the Thankfgiving-Day 

February 29. This Year, we find, was the Bif- 
fextile, or Leap Year, by their reckoning this Day; 
on which the firft Thing the Houfe did was to return 
Thanks to Mr. Calamy and Mr. Manton y for their 
great Pains taken the Day before in Margaret's 
Church, lFeftminfler y in carrying on the Work of 
Thankfgiving for the Union of the Parliament, and 
reftoring the Members of it to the Difcharge of their 
Truft. It may be well fuppofed that thefe Preach- 
ers had put the Houfe in Mind of fettling Religion 
in their Sermons ; for, immediately atter, a Com- 
mittee was appointed to confider of fettling of Mi- 
nifters, and all Matters concerning Religion and the 
Confefiion of Faith : To report their Opinion to 
Parliament what they think fit to be done. . By an- 
other Order of this Day, the aforsfaid Committee 


Of E N G L A N D. 147 

had further Power given them, to confider of fuch inter-regnum. 
Minifters as are in fequeftrated Livings, and of Mi- 1659. 
nifters fequeftered; and to examine the Bufinefs ^*"*' T ""' 
touching fuch Minifters who have been put out of March 
their Livings in Wales ; to ftate the Matter of Fact, 
and report it to the Parliament. 

The Militia Bill, that for a new Parliament, and 
an Act for Security to the City of London^ for fuch 
Sums as they fhould advance on the prefent Occa- 
fions, were all read a fecpnd Time, and committed. 

March i. We now enter into that Month of the 
Year 1659, which determined the End of this Par- 
liament, that had fat, by Intervals, for twenty Years; 
but were now under a Neceffity to diflblve them- 
felves. The firft Thing we find on this Day's Pro- 
ceedings, remarkable, is an Order for appointing a 
Committee to confider of the State of the Revenue 
of the Commonwealth j what the Charge of it is; 
what Obftru6Uons hinder the Bringing-in of the Re- 
venue ; how the State of the Debts ftand ; and how 
the Revenue may be managed for the beft Advantage 
of the Commonwealth : To report their Opinions 
of all to the Parliament. 

The fame Day the Queftion being put, That the 
Diflblution of this Parliament fhall be on or before 
the 1 5th Day of this Inftant, it was carried in the 
Affirmative, without any Divifion. Col. Lambert, 
on a Letter of his fent to the Council of State, was 
difpenfed with for not appearing on the Proclama- 
tion againft him; and, on Security given, was to be 
permitted to live quietly at his own Houfe in the 

March 2. The Houfe now began to fettle Rdi- 
gious Matters ; a Bill was brought in, read a firft 
and fecond Time, for Approbation of Minifters, 
before they be admitted to any public Benefice, and 
committed. The Houfe alfo agreed to that Confef- 
fion of Faith* which was prefented from the Aflem- 
K 2 bly 

148 'The Parliamentary HISTORY- 

inter- regnum. bly of Divines, by Dr. Burgefs and others, Sept. 2, 
j6 59 1646, and ordered an A6t to be brought in, for de- 

*"7J^T""' claring and owning that to be the public Confeffion 
of Faith of the Church of England. Many Com- 
jniflioners for the general Afleffment in fcveral 
Counties were likewile nominated and appointed. 

In the Afternoon of this Day Mr. Prynne reported 
from the Committee, to whom it was referred to 
confider what Votes were fit to be expunged out of 
the Journals, That the Votes oijan. 27, 1647, for 
difcharging Mr. Denzil Holies, and others, of the 
Houfe; and Jan. 29, 1647, for accufing Mr. Holies^ 
and others, of HighTrealbn, ought to be expunged; 
and they were ordered accordingly. Votes and Re- 
folves, of Jan. 25, 1659, relating to Sir Robert Pye 
and Major Fincker, upon a Paper delivered by them 
to the Speaker; and the Votes of July 21, 1659, 
relating to fome Reports publifh'd by Major Harley 9 
be declared null and void, and ordered to be obli- 

A Bill for repealing two Ats for Sequeflrations 
was this Day read a third Time, and, upon the 
Queftion, pafled, and ordered to be printed and pub- 

A Bill for Security of 27,0007. advanced with 
much Chearfulnefs by the City of London, for the 
prefent Service of the State, was read a third Time, 
and patted. 

General George Monke and General Edward 
Montague made joint Generals, or Admirals of the 
Navy, for the next Summer's Expedition. 

Laflfy, The Militia Bill was debated, fome 
Amendments made to it, and the Members of the 
Houfe were ordered to take fpecial Care, that, to 
the beft of their Judgments, they prefent none to be 
Commiffioners in this Bill, but who are Perfons 
well affefted to the Caufe of the Parliament. 

March 3. Colonel Thompfon reported the State 
of the Account of the Monies, charged on the Af~ 


Of E N G L A N D. 149 

ieflhients for the Ufe of the Navy, and what hath been received 

thereupon, which was read as follows : 

/. s. d. 

By Order of the yth of September, 1659, 60000 o o 

More, by like Order, of the 29th of Offober^ 70000 o o 

130000 o o 

Whereof received, 80414 17 5 

So there remains unpaid, 49585 2 7 

Memorandum. There hath been no Monies 
received from the Cuftoms or Excife, between 
the 23d of December, 1659, and the 1 5th of 
February, 1659 > an< * befides feverai Sums for- 
merly diverted, to the Value of 329507. viz. 

/. j. z/. 

From the EaJl-India Company, 15000 o o 
From the Excife, 595 O 

From Mr. Noel?* Farm, 12000 o o 

32950 o o 

Betides other Sums lately diverted ; which 
will appear in the Exchequer. 

He alfo reported an Eftimate of the Debts of the Navy, 
clue to the Firft of February, 1659, as followeth : 

/. f . d. 

For Victuals, . - 56000 o O 

Upon Bills figned, and to be figned, for Provi- 7 2 ~ oooo o o 

iionSj \ ^ 

Wages to Seamen, 354112 O O 

Wages and Salaries to the Officers of the Navy, } <4-0 oo o o 

694112 o o 
K An 

150 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An Eftimate of the Charge of fett ing forth to Sea a Fleet, to con- 
Jift of Twenty Thoufand Men for eight Months Service , to end 
the lajl of September, 1660, as followeth : 

For Entertainment of Flag-Officers, Wages" 

of Captains, other Officers and Seamen, with 

Viduals for the faid Time ; the Charge of 

equipping the Ships, Wear and Tear, and 

Expence of Carpenters, Boatfwains, and 

Gunners Stores, and maintaining them in 

Warlike Manner at Sea ; with Pilotage, and 

other contingent Expences, &fe. at 4/. 

Man, per Menf. Medium, j 

For the Ordinary of the feveral Yards and 

Ships that will remain in Harbour, with ne- 

ceflary Repairs of Docks, Store-houfes, and 

For Salaries of the Commiffioners for the Navy, 1 

Treafurer, Auditors of Impreft, Clerks of the 5000 O o 

Admiralty, ffV. 3 

For furnifhing the Stores, fo as they may anfwer 1 

any Emergency, they being now exceedingly S- 100000 

exhaufted, 3 


140000 o o 

I200O O O 

O O 

757000 o o 

Totals, 694112 o o 
757000 o o 

1451112 o o in all. 

March 5. An A&, declaring the public Confeffion of Faith of 
the Church of England^ was this Day read a third Time, and 
ordered to be printed and publifhed. A Proclamation ordered 
out, for putting all the Laws and Statutes againft Popifh Recu- 
fants, Priefts, and Jefuits, in fpeedy and effe&ual Execution. And 
twenty Pounds Reward order'd, alfo, to be given by every Sheriff, 
to fuch Perfon or Perfons, as {hall difcover any fuch Priefts, &c . 

to be allowed in their Accounts. The fo!emn League and 

Covenant once more revived, and ordered to be printed and 
publifhed, fet up, and forthwith read in every Church; and that 
the faid folemn League fhall be alfo pat up in the Houfe. 


Of E N G L A N D 151 

March 6. Mr. Anne/ley reported from the Coun- inter-regnum. 
cil of State, * That Yefterday Col. John Lambert^ 1659. 
was called into the Council, to give Security, ac- ^ -V -^ 
cording to the Order of Parliament of the Firft of ^ archt 
./kfo;v/.>Inftant; which being accordingly propounded 
unto him by the Lord Prefident, he fpoke to this 

' That he did acknowledge he had had the Ad-j^ 
vantage of a Sight of thofe Votes which pafTed thebf^ re 
Houfe concerning him, and did look upon them as e * 

a very great Favour and Juftice from the Houfe, 
that they would pleafe to take Notice fo far, as to 
remove that Inconvenience that was both upon his 
Perfon and his Eftate : And faicl, He muft needs 
deal freely and plainly ; that he did caft himfelf up- 
on the Parliament, and now upon the Council, in 
Hopes of a further Teftimony of their Favour, than 
upon thofe Votes. He faid, He did not at all think 
it amifs, that there fhould be all Care taken to pre- 
ierve the Peace of thefe Nations ; for he had him- 
felf, when he was in that Station, held it his Duty to 
do fo : That, whatever may be fuggefted againft 
him, he hath his own Satisfaction within him : 
Whatever Reports may be concerning him, he con- 
ceives they do not extend towards him ; for as to 
Reports, he cannot be fafe either here or at his 
Houfe, if all Reports may be taken for Truth. He 
faid, That, for his own Part, he could hardly fay, 
fmce he laft came to Town, and more efpecially 
within fewer Days fmce, that he hath not faid any 
thing, nor meddled in any thing, that might tend to 
hinder Settlement ; but, on the contrary, as he had 
Opportunity to converfe with any, he contributed in 
his Difcoufe towards Settlement, and no otherwife. 
He faid, He did exercife Plainnefs, and hoped not to 
fare the worfe for it : That he had a long Time 
contended for a due and moderate Liberty for the 
People of thefe Nations; and he muft needs fay, 
that he did not know how to put a Difference be- 
twixt himfelf and the good People of thefe Nations. 
He deflred his Cafe might be truly and fully known, 
before fuch a Diftin&ion be made, to put a Mark or 


152 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter- regnum. Character upon him. He faid, That common Li - 
l6 S9- berty had, Day after Day, been granted unto others, 
^*T7 v ~r but not to him. He did freely himfelf upon the 
Ingenuity of the Parliament and Council.' 

* Having ended his Difcourfe, the Lord Prefident 
defired his Anfwer, as to what Security he would 
give. To which he replied, ' It was not fit for him 
to argue : That he underftood the Council were 
under Command from the Parliament j and he did 
not yet know whether his Cafe was well ftated to the 
Parliament. 1 Jhall clearly, however, fubmit to what 
you do : That he knew not what kind of Security 
the Council did intend : That giving Security in 
this Kind, was very ftrange unto him.' Hereupon 
he withdrew. 

* That the Council, after Confideration of what 
Col. Lambert had faid, came to this Refolution : To 
propofe unto him to enter into a Bond of twenty 
thoufand Pounds, with four good Securities, upon 
Condition to live peaceably at his Houfe at Wim- 
lleton, and not to act any thing to the Prejudice of 
the Government, or Difturbance of the Public 
Peace ; and not to remove from Wimtteton without 
Leave of the Parliament, or Council of State ; and 
to render himfelf, upon Summons from the Parlia- 
ment, or Council of State. And this Bond to con- 
tinue in Force till the Parliament or Council give 
further Order to the contrary. 

* Hereupon Col. Lambert was called in again, 
and the Refolution of the Council made known unto 
him, by the Lord Prefident. And he, defiring 
Leave to fpeak a few Words, fpoke to this Effect : 

* That he defired to take the Freedom to fay, 
That it was fevere on his Part : That he had met 
To-day with an Ordinance of Parliament of In- 
demnity to many Perfons, who have had their 
Hands in feveral Actions of higher Nature than 
himfelf had. He found them all indemnified, and 
reftored to the fame Condition which formerly they 
had been in. He' faid, He would not fay, That that 
Ordinance did reach as to his Perfon ; it is not clear 
Whether it doth fo or no. He faid, He was unwil- 

Of E N G L AND: 153. 

Kn to give it under his Hand that he deferred not Intcr-regnu 
to t>e put into the Condition with others ; and tho* 
there have been . among ourfelves Differences of 
Judgment, Ways, and Forms ; yet, as to the main 
Point, he faid,' he could not be taxed in the leaft 
Kind : That he finds himfelf .there equally fo with 
the greateft Offender : That he did caft hirnfelf upon 
the Council, to difpofe of him as they thought fit.' 1 
And then he withdrew. 

' And the Council thereupon refolved to call in 
Col. Lambert once more, and pofitively to demand 
of him, Whether he would give Security, as was laft 
propounded unto him. 

4 Whereupon he was called in, and accordingly 
the Lord Prefident acquainted him with the Reio- 
lution of the Council : To which He replied, ' He 
did believe that he could not procure the Security 
propofed : That he did not hear of a Fault affigned 
to him ; therefore he delired Leave to petition the 
Houfe ; adding, That, if he be found an Offender, 
he will fubmit; if none, he befeeches it may be 
confidered : That he is not willing to give it under' 
his Hand that he is an Offender, tho' he freely fub- 
mits to the Parliament's Pleafure : But, being un- 
heard, uncharged, and untaxed, to write it under 
his Hand that he is a guilty Perfon, not fit to be 
trufted in his own Country without a Clog and 
Tie upon him, he knows not what to fay to it j but 
he fhall fubmit.' 

' Being preffed again, Whether he would give 
that Security propounded, he faid, He believed he 
could not do it ; twenty thoufand Pounds being a 
Sum that he believes he cannot get Sureties for. 

Hereupon, after he was withdrawn, it was or- 
dered, That he be forthwith committed to the 
Tower till further Order, for refuting to give Secu- 
rity, according to the Order of Parliament ; but in- 
flead of that, (landing to juftify his Innocency; and 
that a Warrant be prepared accordingly.' 

The fame Day the humble Petition of John Lam- 
l.ert) Major-General, being read, it was refolved, 


1 54 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum, That the Parliament <loth approve of what the 
l6 59- Council of State have done, in committing of Col. 

^'jJJJJ" 1 ' John Lambert to the Tower. 

The aforefaid Mr. Annejley alfo reported, from 
the Council of State, That Sir Arthur Hafilrigge 
having the Command of a Regiment of Horfe, and 
alfo a Commiflion to be Governor of Berwick, Car- 
lifle, and Tinmouth, three confiderable Garrifons 
in the North of England, that they do find his Name 
mentioned in fome Information fent to the Council ; 
Sir Arthur was ordered to attend the Houfe the next 
Morning. The faid Council was enjoined to tak& 
fpecial Care of the Safety and Peace of the Nation, 
and to proceed vigoroufly in fecuring fuch Perfons 
as they ihould think dangerous to the State. 

March 7. Mr. Annejley gave into the Houfe the 
feveral Informations taken by the Council of State 
againft Sir Arthur Hafilrigge j and he, ftanding up 
in his Place, faid, He was not guilty of any Thing 
wherewith he was charged. The Houfe ordered 
the whole of this Matter to be referred back to the 
Council of State, to examine it further, and report 
it to the Parliament. 

The Time for the Diflblution of this Parliament 
being now near at Hand, the Houfe agreed to pro- 
ceed only with Matters of Religion, the Militia, 
the Qualifications, and the Writs of Summons. 

March 8. Accordingly, we find that, this Day, 
a Bill for calling and holding a new Parliament, to 
fit at Wejlminjier the 2fth Day of April, 1660, 
was brought in, read a firft Time, and ordered a 
fecond Reading on the next. Many Commiffionjsrs 
for the Militia were alfo named to ferve for feveral 
Counties in England. 

March 9. The At for calling and holding a new 
Parliament was read a fecond Time and committed; 
but the Queftion being put, That this Bill be com- 
mitted to a Qrand Committee of the whole Houfe, 
it paffcd in the Negative, 84 againft 66. 


Of E N G L AN D. 155 

March 12. The Houfe went upon nothing, for Inter-regnum. 
feme Days, but fettling the Militia-Bill ; and, on 
this, the whole being perfe&ed, it paffed, and was 
ordered to be printed and publifhed forthwith. Se- 
veral Sheriffs for Counties were alfo nominated to 
ferve for the Year enfuing. 

March 13. This Day the Houfe refolveo*, That 
the Engagement, appointed to be taken by Mem- 
bers of Parliament and others, in thefe Words, w'z. 
/ do declare and promife^ That 1 will be true and 
faithful to the Commonwealth of England, as thf 
fame is now eftablifoed^ without a King or Houfe of 
Lords, be difcharged and taken off the File : Alfo, 
That all Orders, enjoining the taking of the faid 
Engagement, be, and are hereby, vacated and ex- 
punged out of the Journal-Book of Parliament. Mr. 
Prynne^ Serjeant Maynard^ and Col. Harley, were 
ordered to fee it done accordingly. 

Ordered, * That it be referred to a Committee 
to confider what had been done in this Houfe con- 
cerning the Lords Houfe, to ftate the Matter of Fa&, 
and report it to the Parliament the next Morning.* 

March 14. Mr. Annejley reported, from the Coun- 
cil of State, That the Council having given Direc- 
tions for the fecuring of Major Creed., in order to 
public Safety ; and being informed by a Letter, this 
Night read, That he was withdrawn from his Houfe, 
and, by the likelieft Conjecture, come up to London^ 
having been feen, not many Days before, upon the 
Road as far as Stony-Stratford: And that, having 
caufed Inquiry to be made after Col. Cobbet and Col. 
Jljhfield^ they received an Account that their Places 
of Abode could not be heard of: Which three are of 
the Number of thofe Officers, who, by Order of 
Parliament, were confined to their Dwellings moft 
remote from London : And that the Houfe be hum- 
bly moved to declare their Pleafure, what further 
Proceedings the Council (hall make in thefe, or other 
Cafes of the like Nature. 


156 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regmvm. Hereupon it was refolved, ' That the Council of 
l6 59- State be, and are hereby, authorized to iflue forth 

fc ~'"V7" J Proclamations, at any Time, untill the firft Sitting 
of the next Parliament, againft fuch Perfons as they 
fliall find dangerous to the Peace and Safety of the 
Commonwealth, who abfent themfelves from their 
Dwellings and Places of their Habitations, to fum- 
jmon them to appear before them, at a certain Day, 
under fuch Penalties as the Cafe fhall require, and 
as the Council of State fhall think fit, to anfwer 
ftich Matters as (hall be objected againft them by 
the Council of State. 

Refolved, * That this be added an Instruction to 
the Council of State/ 

A Bill for reviving the Court of the Duchy- 
Chamber of Lancajler was read a third Time, and 
pafled. Sir Gilbert Gerrard was voted Chancellor 
of the Duchy-Court of Lancajler ^ and Nicholas Lech- 
mere, Efqj Attorney of the fame. 

Another Bill, for reftoring William Lenthall, Efq; 
Speaker of the Parliament, to the Chamberlainfhip 
of Chejier, was alfo pafled. 

Serjeant Waller, Serjeant Evan Seys, William 
Jones, William Foxwith, "John Corbett, Bennet Ho- 
Jkinsy Thomas Manly, and John Raddiffe, Efqrs. 
were appointed Judges for the feveral Diftricts in 

March 15. An engrofled Bill for fettling Lands 
on his Excellency the Lord- General Monke, and his 
Heirs, was this Day read a third Time ; and the 
Queftion being put, That this Bill pafs as a Law, 
It was carried in the Negative, 44 againft 37 : But 
at the fame Time it was refolved, ' That the Sum, 
of 20,000 /. be conferred on his Excellency the 
Lord-General ; and that the fame be charged upon 
the Receipts of the public Exchequer.' 

An Act, enabling to fue Bonds and Securities, 
taken in the Name of Oliver Lord Protector, and 
Richard Lord Protector, was brought in, read a firft 
and fqcond Time, pafled, and ordered to be printed 


Of ENGLAND. 157 

and publifhed : As was alfo an At for bringing in inter-regmmt. 
the Rents and Revenues of Delinquents and ropifh 
Recufants Eftates. 

In the Afternoon of the fame Day Mr. Annejley 
reported, from the Council of State, an Aft for gi- 
ving Power to the faid Council to at during the In- 
terval of Parliament, in order to public Safety. 
Some Amendments were made to it ; and, being 
put to the Queftion, it pafled. 

An Aft for imprefling of Seamen, to continue till 
June 24, 1660, was pafled: Alfo another for re- 
moving Obftruftions in bringing in the Afleflments. 

Mr. Annejley reported a Letter from Col. Lambert , 
defiring to know the Council's Pleafure concerning 
his Reftraint, and offering to give Security, in as 
much as he was able to procure. That the Council 
of State humbly moved to know the Pleafure of the 
Parliament, how they fliould at in that Cafe : On 
which it was refolved, ' That Power be given to 
the faid Council to difcharge Col. Lambert from his 
Imprifonment, on his Parole, or Security, as they 
fhould fee Caufe.' Refolved, alfo, That Dr. Wren 
be releafed from his Imprifonment, and the Lieute- 
nant of the Tower ordered to difcharge him : That 
Power be given to the Council of State to difcharge 
any other Perfon or Perfons imprifoned upon any 
Crime committed againft the State. 

March 16. The Bill for conferring 20,000 /. on 
Captain-General Monke^ for his fignal Services, was 
read twice; but, on the third Reading of it, tne 
Word fignal was changed for eminent, and then the 
Bill pafled. The General was alfo conftituted, by 
the Parliament, Steward of the Honour and Manor 
of Hampton-Court , and Keeper of the Houfe and 
Parks there ; with all the Rights and Privileges to 
the faid Stewardfhip belonging, in as ample a Man- 
ner as any Steward of the fame had heretofore en- 

Some Amendments were offered to the Bill for 
re-fettling Incumbents in fequeftered Livings ; a 
Provifo of which was, ' That if any Miniffer or 


158 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

inter- regnum. Minifters have been formerly ejected or fequeftered, 
1659. whofe Conversation and Lives have been and are 
* v*-' blamelefs, and they found in Doctrine, fhall be 
March. capable to be prefented to any Living in the Church 
of England, fo as fuch Miniftcr do officiate accord- 
ing to the Directory elrabltfhed, and not otherwife.' 

Refolved, alfo, < That all Ads and Ordinances, 
made for the Payment of Tythes, be revived and 
ftand in full Force. The At, fo amended, being 
put to the Queftion, pafied ; and was ordered to be 
printed and publifhed, with this Title, An 'Aft for 
Minijiers and Payment of Tythes. 

A Letter from General Mcnke, dated St. James's, 
March 1 6, 1659, was read ; after which the Houfe 
ordered three Gentlemen, viz. Air. Morris, Mr. An- 
nejley, and Mr. Holies, to wait upon the General, 
and give him Satisfaction : Who, returning foon 
after, reported, That the General, on his reading 
the Claufes in the Militia A 61, refied well fatisfied. 
IVbitlocke remarks, ' That this Interpofition of 
Monkes, in an Aft of Parliament, was thought, by 
fome, too high.' 

An A& for taking the Accounts, and redrelfing 
of Grievances, concerning Tythes and Church-Li- 
vings in Wales, and for Advancement of Religion 
and Learning there, was read a third Time, and 

The Act for Diflblution of this prefent Parlia- 
ment was ordered to be read the nrft Bufinefs in the 
Afternoon, and nothing to intervene. Accordingly 

A Bill, engrofled, for diflblving the Parliament 
begun and holden at Weftmlnjler, the third Day of 
November, 1640, and for the calling and holding 
of a Parliament at Wejlminfter on the 25th Day 
of April, 1660, was read a third Time, and the 
following Provifo was tendered : ' That the fingle 
Actings of this Houfe, enforced by the prefling Ne- 
ceflities of the prefent Times, are not intended, in 
the leaft, to infringe, much lefs take away, that 
antient native Right which the Houfe of Peers, 
confifting of thofe Lords who did engage in the 
Caufe of the Parliament againft the Forces raifed in 


Of ENGLAND. 159 

the Name of the late King, and fo continued to the Inter-regnum, 
Year 1648, had and have to be a Part of the Par- I 6 59; 
liament of England. 1 Which Provifo, being read vi^T 
twice, was agreed to be Part of the Bill. Refolved, 
alfo, ' That the Day for the Diflblution of the Par- 
liament (hall be from this Day, March 16, 1659.' 
Then the Bill, fo amended, being put to the Que- 
ftion, patted, and was ordered to be printed and 

La/l/y, It was refolved, f That Friday the 6th 
Day of April next be fet apart for a Day of public 
Fafting and Humiliation, to be folemnized through- 
out the Nation, under the Senfe of the great and 
manifold Sins and Provocations thereof; and to feek 
the Lord for his Bleffing upon the Parliament, now 
fhortly to be aflembled, that the Lord will make 
them Healers of our Breaches, and Inftruments to 
reftore and fettle Peace and Government in the Na- 
tions, upon Foundations of Truth and Righteouf- 

We have now drawn down our Hiftory of this 
Parliament through a long Series of Years ; being 
called, by the King's Writ, to fit on the third Day 
of November , 1640, and difTolved by themfelves*, 
March 16, 1659; a Courfe of near twenty Years 
Duration. The Changes and devolutions it dif- 
fered, during this long Period, thefte can be no Oc- 
cafion to recapitulate here, fmce they are all di- 
ftinctly given, annually, monthly, and diurnally, in 
the Courfe of this Work, and may be found in their 
proper Places. But as there yet remains a fmall 
Space of Time, taken laft from the journals, as 
above, and unexplained by the contemporary Hifto- 
nans, as hath been hitherto our Cuftom, we mail 
ftrft give their Sentiments on thofe Occurrences, and 
then fill up the Vacancy between the Diflblution of 
the laft, and the Beginning of the next Parliament, 
from the fame Authorities. 

Mr. Ludlow, whofe Zeal for the Republican 
Caufe now carries him a great Way, is not fparing 

160 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

Inter-regnum; in his Inve&ives againft Monke, for deferring that 
l6 S9 ; Intereft which had raifed him to the Power he then 

t-~ -V^ *^ enjoyed. But, when we confider that Gentleman's 
Marcn. Memoirs we re wrote after the Reftoration, when he 
imarted with the Refentment of a true Britijb Par- 
liament, we may reafonably think him too partial to 
his Caufe : For Edmund Ludlow* Efq; having been 
profcribed a Traitor, and forced to leaye the Land, 
to avoid an ignominious Death, for fitting and aft- 
ing as one of the King's Judges, and figning the 
Bloody Warrant, retired into Switzerland^ where 
he wrote hi* Memoirs, as abovefaid. However, to 
do Juftice to both Sides of the Queftion, and pre- 
ferve that Impartiality hitherto ftrictly followed in 
thefe Enquiries, we fhall firft give the.Senfe of what 
Mr. Ludlow and IVhitlvcke has left us, concerning 
thefe Times, and then the oppofite Writer, Dr, 
Price's Account of the very fame Proceedings. 

Indian?* Ac- To begin from where we left Mr. Ludlow jaft : 
count of thefe He tells us, * That Monke being lodged in the City, 
Tunes. ^ Q refolved to make him a Vifit, if poiTible, to learn 

his Intentions in regard to the Parliament. The 
Subjedt of this Converfation between them is fome- 
what foreign to our Purpofe ; fufficient it is to fay, 
That our Author came away frem the General as 
wife as he went : but to {hew how fufpicious they 
were of each oMer, he adds, That, on' his taking 
Leave, he took Notice one of Monke 's Footmen 
ftood at the Door of the Room where they had been 
difcourfing, placed there, he fuppofed, by his Ma- 
fter's Order, to prevent him from dealing with 
Monke , as his Confcience told him he deierved. 

But, notwithftanding the outward Shew of Re- 
fpe& and Civility our Author had received at this 
Vifit, he tells us, he could fee through all Mcnke's 
Difguifes, and that he was not fleering to the Har- 
bour he pretended ; and could he, Ludlow, but have 
prevailed with the Majority of theParliament to be of 
the fame Opinion with himfelf, Monke fhould not 
have carried on his Defign fo fmoorhly. But into 
fuch a defperate Frenzy were they then fallen, that 


Of E N G L A N D. 161 

many in the Houfe, either thro' Fear, or what other Tnter-regnum. 
Reafon he could not tel), difcovered themfelves l6 59- 
daily to be Favourers of Monke, who, by this Time, * ""^ ' "^ 
had fo far advanced his Affairs, as to pull off another * 

Maik, and introduce the fecluded Members into the 

In order to bring about this nice Affair, the fame 
Author tells us, That Monke pretended it was only 
to give the fecluded Members Satisfaction touching 
their Exclufion from the Houfe, with which he de- 
clared himfelf thoroughly convinced j and to that 
End, fome fitting Members of the Houfe were defi- 
red to meet their former Brethren at a Conference. 
But this produced nothing but Difputes and Quar- 
rels between them, the latter reflecting very inde- 
cently on the other's Proceedings, fince they were 
excluded ; fo that both Sides parted in no good Hu- 
mour with one another. 

About this Time, as our Memorialift tells us, 
came a Letter from Ireland to the Parliament, the 
Contents of which were ftill more infolent than the 
Letter Monke had fent to them, before he retired 
into the City : For, after they had reproached them 
with extending their Favours to Men accufed of 
High Treafon, and the Difcouragements they laid 
upon thofe who had been fent to England to profe- 
cute them, they openly told the Parliament they 
could no longer own their Authority ; and therefore 
defired, That a new Parliament might be called, to 
put an End to the Confufions which their Mifcar- 
riages had brought upon the Nation. 

In the mean while Monke had defired the Mayor 
of London to affemble the Common Council, though 
the Parliament had diflblved them ; and, in Defi- 
ance of their Authority, fays our Author, attended 
on them in Perfon at Guildhall. He there excufed 
himfelf for what he had been conftrained to, he faid, 
by Order of the Council of State ; and allured them 
he was much troubled at that rigorous Service. He 
declared himfelf ready to expofe his Perfon to all 
Dangers for their Sakes, and that he had not forgot 
the kind Letter they had fent him whilft he was yet 

VOL. XXII. I, in 

1 62 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Jnter-regnum, in the North : That he was then of the fame Opi- 
1659- nion with themfelves, but was obliged, at that Time, 
t -v J to conceal it, till he might have an Opportunity to 
March. ^iftover his Sentiments with better Advantage. 

Lajlly^ he acquainted them, That he had fent a 

'Letter to the Parliament to fill up their Houfe, and 
put an End to their Sitting by the 6th of May next. 
This Speech of the General's, our Memorialift 
fays, greatly encouraged the Cavalier Party in the 
City, infomuch that a Rabble of them cried out for 
A Free Parliament, as he paffed by from Guildhall \ 
and perceiving him not to be difpleaied with their In- 
folence, they made Bonfires in London and IVejlmin- 

jler for roafting the Rump; which, adds our Autho- 
rity, they prefumed to call that Parliament, which, in 
the five Years Time that they governed without In- 
terruption, had raifed the Glory of the Nation from 
the Duft wherein it had been buried, by the Negli- 
gence and Corruption of the preceding Govern- 
ments, and had rendered the Englifo Name formi- 
dable to all Europe. 

He next tells us, That the fecluded Members 
were now grown very confident of attaining their 
Ends ; which the fitting Men forefeeing, caft about 
to prevent them, by iiluing out Writs for filling 
up the Parliament by new Elections. Whereupon 
the Speaker was ordered to fign a Warrant to au- 
thorize the Commiflioners of the Great Seal to 
fend out Writs according to Cuftom : But he refu- 
fed to do it, pretending, That if he (hould fign any 
Warrant for that Purpofe, he might be fued at Law 
by every individual Perfon, in whofe Room any 
other {hould be elected ; and therefore defired that 
the Hou<e would pafs an Act: to enable their Clerk 
to fign the Warrant ; or that the Commiffioners of 
the Great Seal might ifTue out their Writs of Sum- 
mons upon a general Acl to be pafled for that End. 
It was anfwered, That the Duty of his Place obli- 
ged him to perform the Commands of the Houfe ; 
that having received their Order in this Affair, he 
\vas thereby fully indemnified j and that he figned 


Of E N G L A N D. 163 

not the Warrant in his perfonal, but in his politic Inter-regnum, 
Capacity. But the Speaker continued pofitive in * 6 59' 
his Refufal, fubmitting himfelf to the Pleafure of the U- TI V T^ - ^ 
Houfe, if they fhould think fit to fend him to the 
Tower, and chufe another Perfon to be Speaker in 
his Place. Whereupon, our Author informs us, 
the Houfe condefcended to pafs an Ac~l to impower 
the Clerk to fign the Warrant to the Commiffioners 
of the Seal ; though, for his own Part, he was for 
taking the Speaker at his Word; but inftead of fend- 
ing him to the Tower, he was for placing another 
Perfon in the Chair, and adjourning themfelves to 
the Tower ; but, he adds, he could prevail with very 
few to be of his Opinion. 

Notwithstanding the Condefcention of the Parlia- 
ment about filling up their Houfe, Things continued 
in great Diforder and Confufion amongft themfelves. 
The Council of State received Advice, late one 
Night, That the fecluded Members intended to 
force themfelves into the Houfe the next Morning ; 
on which, they fent a Meflage to Monke to acquaint 
him of it, and required him to prevent it if it fhould 
be attempted. He returned for Anfwer, to the 
Council, ' That he was well afTured no fuch Thing 
was defigned ; but, for their Satisfaction, and to 
hinder it, if endeavoured, he would not fail to double 
the Guards which were to attend the Parliament. 
But for all this the fecluded Members, attended by 
divers of Monke' s Officers, went early the next 
Morning to Wejlminjler, and were admitted into 
the Houfe by the Guards he had placed there, who 
were more ready to defend than prevent them. 
Thus, adds, our Author, Monke having violated his 
Promifes, and abufed the Trufl repofed in him by 
the Public, took up his Quarters again at Whitehall* 
the fame Morning the other Affair happened in the 

At this Time it was that Mr. Ludlow's fcrupu- 
lous Confcience, in Regard to Politics, made him 
quit his Seat in Parliament; for, he tells us, he was 
refolved to give no Countenance to the fecluded 
Members, by fitting with them who had no Right 
L 2 to 

164 2T&* Parliamentary HISTORY 

Intcr-regnum/ to any Place in Parliament, having been expelled the 
l6 59- Houfe by more than a Quorum of lawful Members. 

L. *\ j From this Time, theiefore, we fhall leave this Au- 
Marcb. ^ or ^ ^^ though he carries on his Memoirs to the 
calling home of the King in this Volume, and, in a 
fubfequent one, much further, yet, flying his Coun- 
try from Juftice into Switzerland, he could have 
little Knowledge of Parliamentary Affairs in Eng- 
land, but what weretranfmitted to him, from hence, 
by Men as partial as himfelf. Befides, his third 
Volume is fo Huffed with perfonal Invectives againft 
the King and his Minifters, (the former of which 
he does not ftick to brand with the Imputation of 
committing Inceft with his own Sifter n ) that here 
we think fit to leave him, and all that Rancour and 
Malice againft the Royal Family, which is plenti- 
fully (hewn in this third and laft Volume of his Me- 

Mr, mithckt. The other Memorialift, Wbitlnke, has little in 
him, at this Time, but bare Accounts of Proceed- 
ings, which are much better given from the Jour' 
rials themfelves, being very fparing in his Reflections 
on Perfons and Things j his own precarious Situa- 
tion then requiring him to be very circumfpecl and 
wary, in what he wrote and faid. He feems, how- 
ever, much concerned at the Doublings and Chan- 
gings of the Times, and fears that the choice Oates, 
he and his Sect had been devouring for twelve 
Years together, would be for ever taken from them. 
He apprehended the coming in of the King, from, 
the Time the fecluded Members were admitted to 
fit again ; and fays, That though Hafilrigge^ Nt' 
2//V, Scott? and Robinfon, did all they could with 
Monke to prevent it, yet neither they, nor any of 
their Party, could prevail with him to forbid their 
Admiffion; the Spirit of the People in general, 


n The Duehefs of Orleans, who, our Author fays, was fafpefted, 
by her Hufband, for a too great Familiarity with her Brother, after 
her Return from a Vifit Ihe had made him in England* and therefore 
he poifoned her in a Glafe of Lnojdc, =- LnHwft 
Vcl, III, g, *z 7 . 

Of E N G L A N D. 165 

cfpecially of the Prefbyterians, running that Way ; inter-regnu: 
and the Cavaliers agreeing to it as a Step to bring 1659- 
in their King. ^M^T* 

In order to pave the Way towards fuch a Defign, 
our Author goes on to tell us, That, on the Ad- 
miffion of the fecluded Members, feveral former 
Votes were vacated, particularly thofe patted in 
1648 and 1649, by which they were excluded the 
Houfe. Then, to pleafe their Patron, they voted 
Monke to be Captain- General of all the Forces in 
England, Scotland, and Ireland, and joined him in 
Commiffion with Montague to be Commanders in 
Chief of the Fleet ; both fit, adds he, for the in- 
tended Work. The Militia was next to be re- 
gulated by a new Bill, and fuch Perfons nominated, 
throughout all England, for Commiflioners, as were 
to be confided in. Many Cavaliers, Delinquents 
to the late Times, were difcharged out of Prifon : 
And, laftly, the Engagement, * To be true and 
faithful to the Commonwealth, without a King or 
Houfe of Lords,' was voted to be difcharged, and 
all Orders for taking of it expunged. After all this, 
the Parliament having patted a Bill for calling a 
new Parliament, and another for giving full Powers 
to the Council of State, in the Interval they diflbl- 
ved themfelves, every one departing on their own 
particular Occafions. 

We come next to a Writer of a different Com- Dr, Price* 
plexion from either of the former, who, as hath 
been faid, being Domeftic Chaplain to the General, 
and his chief Confident, muft certainly be beft ac- 
quainted with his Defigns ; and, if impartially rela- 
ted, may be well fuppofed the beft Authority. To 
begin, then, where we laft left off with this Author, 
we (hall alfo here give his Senfe and Reafoning on 
thefe Proceedings in his own Words : 

' The Parliament and Council of State, upon the 
firft Revolt ofMonke, and retiring to the City with his 
Army, eafily faw what they were to truft to ; how- 
ever they ftill courted his Return : But, not trufting 
L 3 to 

1 66 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum, to the Charms of Words to allure him, they diftri- 
buted thofe Arms to Anabaptifts and Fifth -Mo- 
narchy-Men, and employed Agitators in their Army 
(now by Monkeys fuccefsful Artifice difperfed in 
Country Quarters) to whifper his Treafon againft 
the Parliament, and to give out openly, that Charles 
Stuart was like to come in. 

4 Sir Arthur Hafilrigge was tax'd, by the General, 
as the Promoter of this ill Office, but he had not 
the Courage to own it ; or, though as good a Ge- 
neral as himfelf, to rendezvous his Country Army 
againft Monke's in the City. But it was God's 

c For now the fecluded Members of 1648, who, 
in the Houfe of Commons, had refufed to ferve the 
Army's Defign of the total Subverfion of Monarchy 
in the Royal Line, began to appear ; and that not 
without fome fecret Encouragement neither. The 
General had before moved it, by fome of his Con- 
fidents ; and he looked upon it as the eafieft and 
fafeft Change he could make on the fudden, and moil 
confiftent with his Declaration in Scotland, 

' Thefe Gentlemen (the General now being at 
Drapers- Hall) infift upon their Re-admiffion, but 
with Modefty and Prudence, becoming their Condi- 
tion ; for they were then much oppofed by the Zea- 
lots of Oligarchy, who loved their Room better than 
their Company. Thefe urged Monke's Declaration, 
when he firft appeared for them againft the Army, 
that he was for the Parliament, as it fat the nth of 
Oflober: The Secluded Reply, That their Re-admif- 
fion was no Infringement of it ; for the fame Parli- 
ament would fit ftill ; adding, further, that the Pur- 
port of that Declaration was to reduce the Military 
Power in Obedience to the Civil ; and that they 
had been fecluded from the Houfe only by Force of 
the Sword ; they having no more forfeited their 
Right of fitting there, than had the other : It was 
faid that, in Law, neither had any. 

c Thefe were the Occurrences of the more pub- 
lic Remark, for about a Week ; at the End of which 
the General thought it not fafe to hold his Defign any 


Of E N G L A N D. 167 

longer in Sufpence, for the Army in feveral Parts of inter-regnum. 
the Country began to grow mutinous, and fome of i 6 59- 
our Officers to exprefs their Fears : Wherefore he * ~"-~ ' ' 
convened a feleft Number of both Parties, to debate 
upon the Affair, feveral of his own Officers being 
prefent. The fitting Members had nothing to alledge 
(befides their Love of Power) but their own Safety 
and the Army's, the Confciences of the GodJy, and 
the Sale of publicLancls; all which, they feared, 
would be difturbed by the Introduction of the feclu- 
ded Members : But they gave fatisfa&ory Anfwers to 
all theie Objections, and engaged upon their Parole 
(over and above) that they would not look upon what 
had been done fmce their Seclufion, nor difturb the 
Property or Pretences of any j but would amicably 
fit and adl for the Good of their Country, till, by 
their Diflblution, they made Way for another Par- 
liament. This now was fo fair a Propofition, that 
noEngli/bman, who had any Senfe of theDiftraclions 
of thefe Nations, and Love to the Commonwealth, 
could any way except againft it : Befides that, all 
their Returns were managed with fuch Modefty of 
Words and Behaviour, that our Officers foon enter- 
tained a very good Opinion of the Secluded ; nay, 
and many even of the fitting Members themfelves, 
that were there prefent, exprefied a Difpofition to 
give Way to their Re-admiffion; only they could 
not give their Votes for it but in the Houfe. Thus 
ended the Conference ; and, in the Clofe of it, one 
or two of our Officers (more difcerning, or more 
bufy, than the reft) moved that the Government 
might be declared to be by a Commonwealth, and a 
further Security devifed for the Sale of the public 
Lands. This pinched ; but it was artificially fhuffled 
off by fuggefting, That the Writs, to be hTued out 
for the next Parliament, muft neceffarily run in the 
Name and Stile of the Keepers of the Liberties of 
the Commonwealth of England ; and that the State 
of public Lands was already as fecure as the Govern- 
ment could make it. 

' The Men at Wejlmlnjler^ underftanding that 
the fecluded Members were like to keep. Houfe with 


1 68 ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

Intcr-regnum. them again, began to be very froward upon it, as if 
16591 theyfliould not have Elbow- Room enough ; yet they 

** ^"7"^ durft not remonftrate againft it, becaufe they could 
not get the crafty General (who was now judged 
capable, with a little Help, of giving Check to the 
Army) out of his Hole in the City : Befide, that 
the popular Cry ran for a full and free Parliament, 
this Rump in the laft Week's Debate, touching 
Qualifications for Members to ferve in the enfuing 
Parliament, having alfo exafperated and incenfed 
the People, by voting, as if none were fit to ferve 
in that Capacity for the future, who had not con- 
tracted equal Guilt with themfelves. Now, to ob- 
viate Monkis Defign to reftore the fecluded Mem- 
bers, fome of them fell to offering a fpeedy Refig- 
nation of their own Power ; giving out, that, within 
a few Days, they would difpatch the Qualifications 
before them for the next Parliament; for they 
thought it not fit to refign up their Authority to 
thofe who would cut their Throats : But they found 
it to be too late for this Pin to be driven forward ; 
for the General having gained, in Appearance at 
leaft, the Confent of his Officers, for the refift- 
ing of the fecluded Members, upon certain Condi- 
tions, they, all of them that were in and about the 
Town, were fent for, and the Articles of their Re- 
admiffion, which were thefe following, read to them. 

1. * To fettle the Command of the Armies in 
the Three Nations, as might beft fecure the com- 
mon Peace and Safety of them. 

2. ' To raife a Tax for the Payment of the Ar- 
rears of the Army and Navy ; and what further Sup- 
plies mould be found neceflary for the Support of the 
Forces and Government of the Commonwealth. 

3. * To iflue forth Writs for a Parliament, to fit 
at Weftminjler the 2Oth of April then next enfu- 
ing ; and to conftitute a Council of State to fee this 

4. To confent to their own Diflblution, by a 
Time that fhould be limited unto them. 

* To which, with Chearfulnefs, they agreed and 
fubfcribed ; and, before they left the Place, in Con- 

Of E N G L A N D. 169 

fidence that Monke was a true Patriot, promifed to [nter-regn 
make him Commander in Chief, both by Sea and 1659. 
Land. Thus they went away, rejoicing that they * -v^ 
(hould be accounted worthy to be the Reftorers of Marcii 
their Country's Freedom. 

' So on Tuefday, February 21, thefe Gentlemen 
met the General at Whitehall ; for to that End only 
he returned thither. He fpoke fome few Words to 
them, reminding them chiefly of their Promifes to 
him, and affuring them that he would not impofe 
any new Thing upon them ; and he was as good as 
his Word. That Morning they were conducted by 
Adjutant Miller, to take their former Places in 
the Houfe of Commons; which, as foon as they 
entered, fome of the fitting Members arofe in a 
Heat, and 'left the Houfe. Hafilrigge and others 
openly cried out (but too late) That Monke was a 
Traitor ; but Hafilrigge met with no other Punifli- 
ment afterward for his Treafon, than his own na- 
tive Rage and Fury.' 

The fame Author goes on and tells us, e That 
fome of the Peers, who had formerly agreed with 
the Commons, in drawing the Sword againft their 
King, watched the Re-admiffion of the fecluded 
Members, and would have entered their own Houfe 
at the fame Time ; but the General, having Intima- 
tion of their Defign before-hand, commanded Miller 
to withftand them ; which the furly Officer obeyed, 
though he was threatened by fome of the Lords for 
doing it. 

' The General now quitted the City, and came to 
Whitehall, and was foon after, fays theDo&or, ftiled 
His Excellency, Captain-General of alt the Forces of 
the Commonwealth by Sea and Land : Though, in the 
former, Montague was joined in Authority with 
him, which was a Breach of Promife; but he had 
Work enough to do at Land, and Ambition, adds 
he, was not his Aim. 

* Letters were immediately difpatched away by 
the General, to the CommandingOfficers \nScotland 
and Ireland, and to feveral others in the Garrifons 
and Stations in England-, in which was fignified the 


170 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. Neceffity of acting what had been done in order to 

l6 59" preferve and inlarge the Intereft of the Common- 

Mud) wealth. And the fecluded Members, now coming 

from all Parts of the Kingdom, foon fwallowed up 

the Rump, and left it, fays he, as a bare Bone.' 

The laft Inftrument we find in the Collection fo 
often mentioned, is a Copy of this very fmgular 
Letter, mentioned in the laft Paragraph from Dr. 
Price's Memoirs, which we fhall alfo add to the reft, 
in its own Words, without any Comment. 

A LETTER from the Lord-General MONKE, and the 
Officers here, to the feveral and refpeftive Regi- 
ments^ and other Forces, in England, Scotland, 
and Ireland, 
Dear Brethren and Fellow Soldiers, 

c "X^ O U cannot be ignorant of the many Endea- 

* j[ vours, and earned Defires, of many good 

* Men in thefe Nations, to bring us to a Settlement; 

* which it hath pleafed God to dtfappoint unto this 

* Day, and leave us as a broken and divided People, 

* ready to run into Blood and Confufion ; which 

* that we might prevent fo great Calamities impend- 

* ing, after our earneft feeking God for his Direc- 

* tion and Afliftance, we find no Expedient fo likely 

* for the Satisfa6tion of the good People, and the 

* Quiet and Welfare of this Commonwealth, as the 

* Re-admifTion of the fecluded Members, in order 

* to a legal Difiblution of this Parliament by their 
' own free Confents ; and to iflue Writs for a future 

* full Reprefentative of the whole Commonwealth 
4 of England, Scotland, and Ireland, under fuch Qua- 

* lifications as may fecure our Caufe, to convene on 

* the 2Cth of April next at Weftmlnfter, for the efta- 

* blifhing this Commonwealth upon the Foundations 
' of Juftice and true Freedom. And, to take away 
6 alljuft Jealoufies from you, we do aflure you, that 

* we mail join with you in the Maintenance ofthofe 
Ends exprefled in the inclofed a , and do expect your 

* chearful Concurrence with us. And we defire to 

< take 
a This was his Speech at the re-admitting the fedudsd Memlcre. 

Of E N G L A N D. 171 

c take God to witnefs, that we have no Intentions Infer- regnusu 

< orPurpofesto return to our old Bondage; but fince l6 S9- . 

* the Providence of God hath made us free at the ^7 V 7 ^ 

< Coft of fo much Blood, we hope we fhall never be 

< found fo unfaithful to God and his People, as to 

* lofe fo glorious a Caufe. But we do refolve, with 
' the Affiftance of God, to adhere to you in the con- 

* tinuing of our dear-purchafed Liberties, both Spi- 
' ritual and Civil. The Reafon of our Proceedings 
' in this Manner may feem ftrange ; but if you duly 

* confider the Neceflities of our Affairs, and the pre- 
fent State of Things, you will certainly conclude 

* nothing fo fafe to fecure public Intereft, and to 

* engage the Nations peaceably to fubmit to a Free 

* State ; moft of thefe Members having given us full 
' Aflurance, that their Seffion in Parliament (hall 

* not be longer than abfolute Neceffity will require 
' to the putting the Government intofucceffive Par- 
' liaments, they not being free fo to aft by the old 
' Writs, as when they fhall be called upon a Com- 
' monwealth Account : And it is the Opinion of the 
trueft Friends to a Free State, That it cannot be 
' confiftent with the perpetual fitting of thefe Mem- 
' bers, being contrary to the Nature of fuch a Go- 

* vernment. 

And as we are confident the prefent Parliament, 

* now fitting, will not repeal any of the A&s, Or- 
' dinances, or Orders of this Parliament, for Sales or 
' public Difpofitions of Lands ; fo we (hall, in our 

* Station, obferve, and caufe to be obferved, all 

* other Ads and Ordinances of this Parliament 
' whatfoever, and humbly interpofe with the next 
' fucceeding Parliament, not only to pafs a further 
' Aft of Confirmation of all fuch Sales and Difpo- 
6 fitions of Lands, here and in Scotland, but alfo 

* of all the Diftributions and Difpofitions of Lands 

* and Houfes in Ireland to the Soldiery, Adventu- 
c rers, or any other Perfons, made by or in purfu- 
' ance of any of the A6ts, Ordinances, or Orders, 

* of this prefent Parliament, or any pretended Par- 
' liamemary Authority. 


Inter- regimen , 


272 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

* And we entreat you to fend up an Officer, to give 
e to the Lord -General Monke an Account of your Ac- 
quiefcence with us herein. And if any difaffe&ed 

* Perfons fhall hereby take Occafion to make Di- 
fturbance of the Peace of the Commonwealth, 

* either in Favour of Charles Stuart, or any other 
pretended Authority, we defire you to fecure them 
' till the Pleafure of the Parliament or Council of 

* State be known in that Behalf. You fhall fpee- 
K dily receive Encouragements and Supplies of Mo- 

* nies ; and, indeed, it was not the leaft Motive that 

* induced us to this Way of Compofure of Affairs, 
that we might facilitate the raifing of Monies for 
the Subfiftence of the Army and Navy, which 
' would not otherwife have been done, if at all, but 
with Effufion of Blood. We have nothing more 
at this Time, but to aflure you that we fhall ever 

* remain, 

Dear Brethren and Fellow Soldiers, 

Whitehall, Feb. 21, 

Tour very ajfettionate Friends, 








Jo. BUTLER, >uarter-Mafter-Genera?, 

JAMES EMERSON, )> Lieutenant-Colonels, 








Of ENGLAND. 173 

To proceed now again with the Do&or : We fliall inter-regnum, 
purpofely pafs over fome private Converfation be- 1659. 
tween the General and his Chaplain, about Bifhops, * v""J 
fcfV. as well as of fome other Matters, of little or no March 
Confequence, relating to the Church ; and purfue, 
with our Author, the Civil and Military Affairs of 
the Nation, which were now every where on the 
Wheels of Motion. The Parliament had conftitu- 
ted a new Council of State ; had taken off the En- 
gagement againft the King and Houfe of Lords. 
This laft, he tells us, was impofed on the Subject 
foon after the Murder of the^King, when the Army 
had fet up the Remainder of the Houfe of Commons 
for a Free State. Though, he adds, the Solemn 
League and Covenant, which was in fome Senfe for 
Monarchy, but in all againft Prelacy, hung ftill on 
the Walls of the Houfe of Commons, and which, 
with the Names of the renowned Subfcribers, was 
left to the Cenfure of the next Parliament. 

* The General kept a watchful Eye on his Enemy, 
the other Army ; but, being now in full Martial 
Power over all, he went on reforming the Colonels 
and the other Officers, who were found troublefome 
or difaffec~ted, till he had not left a Zealot or a 
Preacher amongft them. The Parliament eafed him 
alfo of much Trouble, by fettling the Militia ; in 
which, the Doctor tells us, neither Independent, 
Anabaptift, Fifth-Monarchy-Man, or Quaker, had 
any Sort of Command ; a Cavalier was then become 
a lefs odious Name. And thus, adds he, were Things 
carried all over the Nation, and a fair Profpect gi- 
ven of the King's Return, all the ambitious and pu- 
ritanical Officers of the marching Army being laid 

' There did not want the Power of Money, alfo, 
to affift the Caufe, which will always do great 
Matters with the common Soldiery, the Parliament 
having taken Care to continue the 100,000 /. 
monthly Afleflment on England and Wales^ for fix 
Months more. By this Means Col. Overton's Gar- 
rifon at Hull, of which he was Governor, were 
gained from him, and he obliged to give up that 


174 T% e Parliamentary HISTORY 

ftter-regnum. ftrong Fortrefs to the Parliament, which otherwife 
l6 59- might have proved very troublefome. 

4 "7T V r"* 11 '^ ' ^ ut ^> the Do&or acquaints us, there was an- 
other great Rub to get over ; all the Officers in the 
Army, who kept their Commiffions, had actually 
figned their Concurrence for introducing the fecludcd 
Members, and owned the Neceffity of it ; but yet 
they would underftand their Obedience to the Parlia- 
anent to extend no further than as they were grounded 
upon a Free State : For this was the Phrafe Monke 
and his Officers ufed in their Letter to the Parlia- 
ment, which intimate^ a Readinefs in them to take 
Care thefe fhould not be loft. Hut now they were 
notfatisfied of the good Intentions of the Parliament 
touching this Government ; nor much better of the 
General's, who had refufed the Offer of the Honour 
and Manor of Hampton-Court , (the only Portion of 
Crown-Lands yet unfold) porTeffed by Cromwell ', 
when he affumed the Title of Protector : For the old 
fitting Members had craftily propofed the giving of 
this to him ,and the fecluded could not fairly with- 
ftand theMotion of rewarding him : But theGeneral, 
upon his refufing the Donation of thefe Lands, as a 
Houfe too great for him, was recompenfed with a 
Gift of 20,000 /. yet this Non-acceptance rendered 
him ftill more fufpedled. 

' Now thefe Officers, when they faw the General 
had refufed thefe Crown- Lands, and even the Dig- 
nity of the Crown itfelf, when offered by fome who 
beft underftood their own Safety, combined into 
dangerous Refolutions, and contrived a Paper to be 
univerfally fubfcribed, (prefenting it to the General 
for his Subfcription in the firft Place) the Purport of 
which was, To declare that the Government of thefe 
Three Nations fhould be a Commonwealth, with- 
out Kingfhip or any other Single Perfon, by what 
Name or Title foever dignified or diftinguiflied : 
And that this prefent Parliament fhould be required 
to pafs this into an Ac!:, as a Fundamental Confti* 
tution, not to be fhaken or queftioned by future 
Parliaments ; and that the Army ought, upon no 
other Terms, to maintain their Authority. Thefe 


Of E N G L A N D. 175 

Officers did aflfemble very daringly before the Ge- Inter-regnura. 

neral, Col. Okey being their Prolocutor. This j6 59- 

Gentleman was a better Soldier than an Orator ; * "v "-^ 

befide that his Life lay at Stake, having fat as Judge 

upon the King's. He was alfo a known Stickler for 

the Commonwealth's Party, and but lately as much 

a General as Monke himfelf ; neither did he want 

either a Courage to aft, or, poflibly, a Party of the 

Army to follow him : Wherefore the General did 

not efteem it prudent to ruffle in Words, though he 

was refolved not to gratify their Requeft, by fub- 

fcribing to the Paper : So that Commiflary C!argi? 

(for fo now he was of the Mufters) was put upon 

undertaking the Debate, for he had the General's 

good Opinion, as favouring his Defign : And indeed 

it concerned him to deferve it, both their Interefts 

being bound up in the fame Bottom. 

' I happened to be prefent at tire Debate, which 
Ciargis managed with much Refolution and Dexte- 
rity of Words, laying before them their own Dan- 
ger, in making at that Time fuch an Addrefs to the 
Parliament, in regard this was the very Parliament: 
that would not be frighted with their Arms or Im- 
peachments of HighTreafon before; much lefs now, 
when all fober Men faw the Inconveniency of being 
govern'd by an Army: Further infmuating, That the 
General and his Officers were not to prefcribe unto 
them : That the Parliament had an Authority, in 
which themfelves, by their Subfcription, did acqui- 
efce : That they could vote the General, and whom 
elfe they thought fit, out of their Commands ; ar.d, 
when that was done, pafs a Vote for their own Dif- 
folution, without appointing the iduing out of Write 
for the fucceeding Parliament : For if the General, 
he faid, would break his Promife of not difturbing 
them, they might very well break theirs for calling 
another Parliament : And that there would be no 
Fear of a Civil Government, becaufe there was none 
to aflume it, (unlefs they would truft Richard Crom- 
well) the General having refufed it, as fome of 
themfelves well knew, who had made him an Offer 
of it, Thefe Reafons the General approved of; 


iy6 *The Parliametitary HISTORY 

Inter-regimm. and added, That he would rather be torn in Pieces 
l6 59 by wild Horfes, than be fo treacherous to his 

t -""" v "T- J Country's Freedom. 

< The Debate was long, and not without fome 
Heat of Words ; but after our Officers had fpent 
their Fears and Jealoufies of loting the Good Old 
Caufe, the General, with Gravity and Calmnefs, 
admonifhed them, that it was contrary to the Dif- 
cipline of an Army to meddle with Civil Govern- 
ment: That they and he were under the Command 
of the Parliament, their Superiors: That he did not 
doubt but the next Parliament would quiet all their 
Apprehenfions ; and that this, could not hurt them, 
for that they were upon the Point of diflblving 
themfelves : Then he feverely commanded his Of- 
ficers to have no more of thefe Meetings without his 
Privacy, foon after removing fome of them from 
their Commands. 

' The next Trouble the General found, our Au- 
thor tells us, was from the Parliament itlelf j fevcral 
of whofe Members, defirous to keep their Places, 
were offering at breaking the Articles of their Ad- 
miffion, and not to yield to the calling of another 
Parliament. Mr. Prynne fpoke it openly, ' That, if 
the King muft come in, it was fafeft for them that 
he {hould come in by their Votes, who had made the 
War againft his Father.' But, Mr. Prynne being 
fent for, he was admonifhed to be quiet; and it was 
the Bufmefs of fome others, the Doctor fays, to 
keep their expiring Seflion of Parliament fteady, 
and clear from intermeddling with Change of Go- 
vernment. They did not, however, part without 
leaving fome Testimony of their Difloyalty behind 
them, as, by pafling a Vote for the General to give 
no Commiflions to any Officer, but to fuch as would 
make the following Declaration : 

/ A. B. do acknowledge and declare^ That tkt 
War undertaken by both Houfes of Parliament, in 
their defenfive Part^ again/I the Forces raijed in tbt 
Name of the late King, was juft and law/uL 


They alfo added the following Claufe in the Icter-regnuu. 
Qualification Bill : 1659. 

'That all and every Perfon and Pirfatts* tuba hove Marc 
odvifed^ aided y abetted, or ajjifted, In any War again/I 
the Parliament^ fence tht jirft of January, 1641, kf 9 
they^ or their Sons, Jhall be incapable to be eleRed to 
ferve as Members of the next Parliament* unleft bf 
or they have fince manifefted their good Afftftiom t9 
this Parliament. 

And now the Parliament having done all the Ge- 
neral's Work for him, he longed to get rid of them ; 
and thinking them a little dilatory, he took the 
Liberty to put them in Mind of it himfelf. But as 
the longeft Day will have an End, adds the Dotor, 
this Long Parliament difiblved themfelves, March 
the l6th ; and as for their Votes, they were no 
more regarded than dead Men's Shoes, the Country 
haftening to new Elections as faft as the Writs came 
down. Thus far our Hiftorians. 

And now, before we take an eternal Leave of 
thefe Men, who had lorded it over Three Nations, 
under the Name of a Parliament, for fo many Years 
together, we think fit to fubjoin to our Hiftory of 
them, another fhort Pamphlet, printed in the Year 
1660, very near their Fall. ^By this the Reader 
will fee, that the Patriots of thofe Times had the 
fame lucrative Views, in ferving their Country, as 
thofe of later Dates ; and that the Auri facra Fames 9 
(the Motto to the Book) whatever their Pretenfions 
might be, was more cogent than the Laws and Li- 
berties they feemingly fought for. We {hall not 
take upon us to affert the Truth of every Man's 
Character, which is alphabetically put down in the 
Pamphlet ; the Reader will find that many Names 
of Members are omitted in the Catalogue, which 
makes us charitably fuppofe, that thofe Men fhared 
not in the general Plunder made on Church, Crown, 
and Bifhops Lands, forfeited Eftates, &c. whiift 

Voi,. XXII. M others 

178' The Parliamentary HISORV 

Iflter-regmun.' others apparently did fo, at an exorbitant Rate. No^ 
doubt it was to blacken thofe Men only, that this" 
Catalogue was printed ; and we believe the Reader 
will find, on comparing Lifts, that they were by far 
the Majority of the then Houfe' of Commons. The 
Title of the Pamphlet is as follows : 

TheMyftery of the Good OldCaufe, briefly unfolded, 
in a Catalogue of fitch Members of the late Long 
Parliament, that held Offices, both Civil and Mi- 
litary ) contrary to the Self-denying Ordinance. To- 
gether with the Sitms of Money and Lands which 
they divided among themfelves during their Sitting, 
at leajl fuch as were difpojed of publickly. b 

Such as have this Mark * before their Names, were 
Recruiters of that 'Long Parliament, and illegally 
chofen ; and thofe with this Mark % were the King's 


VV man of York, was made Clerk of the 
Hanaper, a Place worth iooo/. per Annum, had 
Cawood-Caftle, worth 600 /. per Annum? once the 
Bifhop of Tork'& 9 and hath purchafed a vaft Reve- 
nue of Bifhops Lands at eafy Rates. 

' John Ajh had given him out of Mr. Coventry's 
Compofition, 4000 /. out of Sir Edward Mcfeieys* 
iooo /. out of Mr. Edward Phillips 's, 1200 /. out of 
Sir John Stowel's Eftate, 8000 /. and, which is worth 
all this, was the great Chairman at Goldfmhhs- 
Hall. Is not this better than Cloathing ? 

' *l Francis Allen, a Goidfmith at St. Dun/Ian* $ in 
Fleet-Jlreet, was made Cuftomer of London, befides 
other Offices and Gifts, and bath purchafed, at a low 
Rate, the Bifhop of Che/ler's Houfes at iVmcbifter 
and Waltham, was one of his Sovereign's Judges,, 
and a conftant Rumper. 

' % John Alured, Colonel, one of his Sovereign's 
Judges, and a conftant Rumper, 

b Ltnden, printed In the firft Ye of JSiffmt'e Libertj, 
o\ft twwty Years Sjirsrf, 16^9. 

Of ENGLAND. 179 

* Thomas Atkins, Alderman, as honeft as fweet : Inter- 
He was a Treafurer at War, and licked his Fingers l6 59 
at the Time the major Part of the Houfe of Parlia- jJa*ch 
ment was, by unheard-of Infolence, feciuded from 
fitting. He was the only Member left in it that 
ferved for the City of Norwich, and was a conftant 
Rumper to the Jaft. 

* Edward AJh, Woollendraper, Treafurer for pro- 
viding of Cloaths for the Irijh Soldiers. 

* * William Ay f cough , Captain of a Troop of 

f William Armyne, Knr. Agent in Scotland foi the 
State ; a factious wicked one in his Way. 
' William Armyne, Colonel. 

* AJhurft, went a Commiffioner into Scot- 
land^ had the Clerk of the Peace's Place for Lan- 
cajhire, and iooo/. in Money given him. 

4 *% y^ n Brad/haw, Serjeant of the Law, Lord- 
Prefident of the High Court of Injuftice, and Preft- 
cient of the Council of State. There was given him. 
(befides the Earl of St. Albany's Manor of Summers- 
Hal!, in Kent* worth 15007. per Annum) the Lord 
Cottington's Eftate, called Fantebill, in Wilt/hire* 
his Manor of Hanworth, near Hun/low, in Middle- 
fex, and the Dean's Houfe at the College at Weft- 
minjler. He was one of the Judges of the Sheriffs' 
Court in Guildhall \ London^ and Juftice of the 
County Palatine of Chejler. After the moft noto- 
rious Villainies that ever were committed, for the 
keeping up a Tail of a Parliament in perpetual 
Power, he faw it interrupted for almoft iix Years 
together, and at length died, during the laft Inter- 
ruption of it by Lambert. 

^ < Edward Bijhe, Garter Herald in Sir Edward 
Walker's Place, worth 3 or 400 /. per Annum : An 
honeft Man. 

4 * John Bond, Son to Dennis Bond, a Parlia- 
ment Man, made Mafter of Trinity- Hall, in Cam- 
bridge, which Mr. Selden refufed to accept of. 

' * Nathaniel Bacon had given him 3OOO/. a/tet 1 - 

wards Mafter of the Requefts to the Cromwells, during 

the greateft Part of their Ufurpation, bis Salary for 

M ?, which 

180 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. w hich was 500 /. per Annum, and it is likely would 
be in the fame Office for whomfoever would pay 
him the fame Wages. 

' Sir William Brereton, Colonel, General for the 
Chejhire Forces, had the Sequeftration of Cq/biober- 
ry, and other Lands of the Lord Capel, worth 2000 /. 
'per Annum.) and the Archbiftiop's Houfe and Lands 
at Croydon, where he hath turned the Chapel into a 
Kitchen. A goodly Reformation, and fits with his 
Stomach as well as his Religion. He was one of 
the Rumpers, and a bafe Coward. 

< % John Blake/Ion, a Shop-keeper in Newcaftk, 
was Executor to the Executor of Sir Jo. Farmer* 
trufted with 6000 /. for charitable Ufes, and was 
iued in Chancery to perform the Truiir, but got 
himfelf returned a Burgefs for Newcajile, by the 
Scots Garrifon there; had 3000 /. given him out 
of the Marquis of Newcaftle's and the Lord IVid- 
drington's Eftates, in Compenfation of the Lofs of 
his Pedlar's Ware in his Shop. He had formerly 
given him 14,000 /. and 560 /. was given to his 
Brother John, as was made appear before a Com- 
mittee, whereof Mr. Sandis of the Temple war, 
Chairman. He had alfo a Coal-meter's Place, worth 
20O /. per Annum, and the Bifhop of Durham* Ca- 
ftle at Durham, and Lands of great Value. He was 
one of the King's Judges. 

' * John Birch, Colonel, afterwards a fcc'uden 

Godfrey Bofwfll, Colonel. 

* Richard Brown, Major-General and Governor 
of Abingdon, was afterwards profecuted for defigning 
to fecure the City of London^ when Fairfax, by the 
Command of his Lieutenant-General CranweU* 
inarched with his Army againft the City, the chiefeft 
Occafion and Inlet of all our Woes. He was im- 
prifoned for the moft Part of the Rumps and Oliver'* 
Tyranny, and hath manifefted himfelf, both by his 
Actings and Sufferings, a cordial Lover both of hi? 
Prince and Country, and hath been a very active 
Inftruraent for the Goad of tbcfe Kingdoms. 

^ENGLAND. j8r 

c William Bingham, Colonel of Horfe and Foot, inter-regnum. 
Governor of Pool, had given him IOOO/. 1659. 

* John Brown, married Sir Richard Trenchard's ^ "*"* "^ 
Sifter, a petty Committee- Man, feized IOOO/. of March - 
the Stock and Goods of Farmer Wades, in Port- 
land, whom, tho' the Committee acquitted of Ma- 
lignancy, yet could not his Goods, being in the 

Hands of a Member, be re-deiivered : So they arc 
malignant ftill, and fecured in Mr. Brown's Hands. 

' | Dennis Bond, a Woollendraper, he takes, by 
his Truftees, x his Sons and Brother, one Son he 
made Mailer ofTrinify-Hall, in Cambridge^ another 
Auditor of the Excife, worth 500 /. per Annum ; 
and his Brother, Governor of Portland, Receiver of 
the King's Rents in Southampton and Somerfet. He 
was one of the King's Judges. 

' John Bell t Apothecary to the Body Politic, hath 
as little given him as he deferves in honeft Times i 
but, to preferve the Privilege of the Houfe, is pro- 
tedded for what he can get. He was a Truftee for 
the Poor at Wejlminfter ; Receiver of Mr. Anthro- 
bus's and others Money for the Poor; was fued for 
an Account, faid he could not anfwer without Breach 
of Privilege of Parliament, and that he durft not ; 
by which Means Parliament-Men are the fureft 
Keepers of a Truft. 

c Thomas Boone, formerly a Tapfler, had 6000 /. 
given him : A cruel Committee-Man, that lick'd his 
Fingers, and hath got a vaft Eftate. 

' Richard Barry^ Colonel, Governor of Garlifle. 

* Francis Bacon^ Recorder of Ipfwich, in the 
Place of Requefts to both the Protedors, for the 
fame Salary with his Brother Nat. 

' * Sir Thomas Barnardifton, Colonel. 

* * Robert Blake, Colonel, Governor ofTauntan, 
and one of the Admirals of England. 

6 % Daniel Blagrave^ a CounfelSor at Law, a 
great Committee-Man, Steward of Reading, and was 
made Treafurer of the faid County ; had given him 
the Exegenter's Office of the Common Pleas, worth 
500 /. per Annum. He bought the King's Fee Farm 
M of 

The 'Parliamentary HISTORV 

r-regnum. of the great Manor of Sunningg, in Berkflnre, and 

l6 59- other Eftates, at very eafy Rates ; Mafter Extraor-. 

V "'""" J dinary in Chancery, a conftant Rumper, and one of 

his Majefty's moft cruel Judges : He was a great 

Perfecutor of the Minifters of Reading^ or elfe they 

flander him, which is hardly poffible. 

* + Oliver Cromwell. This Scourge of God was, 
m the Beginning of thefe Troubles, a Man of no 
confiderable Fortune. There are Letters of his to 
be feen in the Hands of a Perfon of Quality, wherein 
he mentions his whole Eftate to amount to about 
I300/. which at that Time he intended to lay out 
upon a Purchafe of drained Fen Lands. He pafled 
thro' the leveral Degrees of Military Command, till 
he was advanced to be General of the Army, du- 
ring which Time he received great Gifts out of the 
Eftates of the Duke of Buckingham^ the Lord Fran- 
cis Fillers, the Marquis vlWorcefter** Eftate, worth 
5 or 6000 A per Annum, and others, befides great 
Sums of Money at feveral Times; and, 'tis faid, for 
fome Years, the whole Revenue of near all the Be- 
nefices in (Pales? employing four itenerant Teachers 
to coaft about that Country, for ioo/. per Annum a 
Man; and tookOccafion to diflblve the Rump of the 
Long Parliament, juft as they were going to call for 
the Accounts of that Money, which amounted to a 
vaft Sum. One would have thought all this, with 
the General's Pay, might have fatisfied fuch a Man's 
Appetite, whofe Beginning was fo mean; but, ha- 
ving projected Greatnefs and Sovereignty to himfelf 
from the Beginning, he waded to it thro' the Blood 
of his natural Prince, and s;reat Numbers of his Fel- 
low Subjects, and made himfelf Supreme Governor 
of thefe Nations, under the Title of Protector, which 
Power he held with much Oppreffion, Diflimula- 
tion, Hypocrify, and Bloodfhed, for about five Years, 
when God cut him offbefore he had well provided for 
the Eftablifhment of his Son in the Succeflion. His 
Funeral was folemnized with great Pomp, they fay 
to the Expence of 30,000 /. which is yet unpaid, 
fie fpent a vafs deaj of Treafure to maintain his 

Tyranny $ 

Of ENGLAND. 183 

Tyranny.;, bulj.he is gone to his own. Place, and let 
his Memory be acgurfed ibr ever. 

* | Miles Corbel , at the Beginning of this Parlia- 
ment, a Man of fmall Eftate, made one of the Re- 
gifters in Chancery, worth 700 /. per Annum^ and 
hath Money in his Purfe. He was ten Times one 
of the Commiffioners in Ireland, worth what he will 
per Annum, and one of the King's Judges, and a 

' Sir John Clotworthy, Treafurer for Ireland, and, 
by the Army, charged with defrauding the State of 
4.0,000 /. which may be one Reafon the King could 
never get an Account of the Money raifed for the 
Irijh, though he much defired it. 

' Thomas Ceely, much indebted, if not helped out 
of Prifon by. the Parliament, and made Recorder of 

' I Gregory Clements, Merchant in both Senfes : 
When he had been a Member two Months, pro- 
tefted he had fcarce cleared the Purchafe Monies, 
which was but 60 /. but faid. Trading he doubted not 
would mend. . He was one of the King's Judges. 

' Sir Henry Cholmley, Colonel of Horie, and nee 
a zealous Commiffioner ofYorkJhire. Since, he hath 
given fome Teftimonies of Loyalty. 

* Robert Cecil, Son to the Earl of Sail/bury , Colo- 
nel of Horfe, procured one Co/lings to be made Au- 
ditor in Chief for the Revenues of the King, Queen, 
and Prince, worth 2000 /. per Annum j but in Truft 
for the Colonel. 

' Sir Anthony Afnley Cooper-^ a Colonel j fince, he 
hath manifefled his Loyalty to his Prince very emi- 

' | William ConjlaUe, Colonel, and one of the 
King's Judges. Sold his Lands to Sir Marmaduke 
Langdale for 2O,ooo/. and had them given him: 
again by the Parliament. 

< % Sir John Danvers, Colonel. After the Death 
of his Brother, the Earl of Denby, he proved him to 
be a Malignant, and, by Parliamentary Proceedings, 
endeavoured to overthrow his Will, and out his 
Sifter Gargravt, and Sir Peter OJborne of the Efla.te 


184 2^ Parliamentary HISTORY 
fnter-regmrai. worth 30,000 /. and to have it himfelf. He was one 
of the King's Judges. 

* Edmund Dunce, Conftable of Wallingford-Caflle. 
Henry Darly and Richard Darfy- Given to their 

Father, for them, 5000 f. A Pair of Zealous Rump- 
ers ; the former was extreme a&ive in bringing in 
the Army of the Brethren of Scotland to the Ruin 
of his native Country. Both bafe. 

4 William Ellis, Steward of Stepney, worth 200^. 
per Annum, and by him fold to one of" the Temple. 
He made Hafte to be rich, and was a mighty thri- 
tring Committee-Man during the late deftrudtive 
Wars : He was afterwards Sollicitor-General to the 
two Prote&ors; was very zealous for the making 
of Oliver King, for which his good Lord made him 
Knight. He hath, from nothing, in a few Years, 
got an Eftate fuppofed to be worth 3000 /, per An- 

* Sir Walter Erie, Colonel of Horfe, and Lieu- 
tenant of the Ordnance in Sir 'John Heydon's Place, 
worth iooo/. per Annicm in Time of Peace; but, 
in Time of War, worth 50,000 /. per Annum. 

6 Thomas Erie, Son to Sir Welttr, Captain of a 
Troop of Horfe, feldom attended the Houfe, but 
followed his Bufinefs in the Country, where he was 
a great Committee-Man, helping himfelf and his 

6 * James Fenwicl:, Captain of a Troop of Horfe. 

e William Fenwick, had but 500 /. So fmall a 
Sum deferves not a Chriilian Name. 

' Nathaniel 'Fiennes, once Governor afBriflol, and, 
thereby hangs a Tail ; afterwards one of the Com- 
miflioners of the Seal under Nol, and one of his Pi ivy 
Council ; but now his Lordmip is gone. 

' J George Fleetwood, Colonel, a conftant Rump- 
er, and one of the King's Judges. 

4 * Charles Fleetwood, Colonel, and Lord-Deputy 
of Ireland. This pitiful Anabaptift was Oliver's Son- 
in-Law, and, upon that Score, advanced to be Lieu- 
tenant-General of the Army ; for Merit he never 
had any. In the dividing of the murdered King's 
Inheritance, H^od/lock. and other rich Poffeffions, 


Of E N G L A N D. 185 

fell t6 his Share. About a Year fmce he, with Inter- ttgaom, 
fome other Officers, ungratefully dethroned Protestor l6 59- 
Richard^ reftored the Rump for a while, and then ^""VT^T 
unroofed them again ; after which, during the Space 
of near fix Weeks, he aded King at Wallingford- 
Houje* (one of his Palaces) but the Rump coming 
to fit again, the tender-hearted Mock-Prince melted 
into Tears ; and, his hypocritical Vizard of Religion 
being pulled off, he went off the Stage ridiculoufly. 

' John Goodwin^ the other Regifter in Chancery^ 
Worth 700 /. -per Annum. 

6 Sir Gilbert Gerrard^ Pay-Mafter to the Army, 
had 3 d. per Pound allowed, worth 6o,ooo/. and was 
Chancellor of the Duchy, worth I200/. per An- 

< Gilbert Gerrard, his fecond Son, Clerk to thfc 
Duchy, for whofe Benefit the Clerkfhip of Affize of 
Norfolk is granted to Mr. Edward Gerrard, his 
Coufin, by the Procurement of Sir Gilbert, and was 
worth 500 /. per Annum. 

' Gyle s Green, the Receiver of Torkjhi're^ being 
put out of his Place, got it for his Son-in-Law ; is 
Chairman for the Navy; and as for Sir Thomas 
Dawes's Eftate, and what it was worth to him, Sir 
Thomas's Creditors will tell you, for they got nd* 

* * T/Jomas Gell^ Lieutenant-Colonel t6 Sir John 
Gel/, made Recorder of Derby in Mr. AlUftrny'* 

* % Thomas Lord Grey 9 of Gnby, Colonel, and 
halh given to him the Queen's Manor-Houfe, Park, 
and Lands at Holmby ; alfo purchafed a large Part 
of the Lord Crdveh's Eftate, particularly Coomb e- 
Abbey, judged worth 3000 1. per Annum, for an in- 
confiderable Sum, and one of the King's Judges. 

' * John Glyn, fome Time a Counfellor at Law, 
and Steward of the Court at Weftminjter^ one of the 
Long Parliament that helped to bait the worthy Earl 
of Straffbrd, and bring him to the Block ; was 
Clerk of the Petty- Bag in Sir Edward Ward*'* 
Place, worth loco/, per Annum. He mnde foi< 
Father-in-Law, Mr. Squib, Clarwceaux Herald in 


j86 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. Sir William Neves's Place, worth 400 /. per Annum^ 
s6 S9- and made his Creature and Kinfman Falconbridge 
'^Tl^T^ Comptroller of the Excife, a Place worth 500 /. 
per Annum, as alfo a Receiver-General of the King's 
Queen's, and Princes Revenues, worth 2000 /. per 
Annum* Mr. Glyn conferred on his Coufln Law- 
rence Swetnam the Wine- Office, worth 300 /. per 
Annum, and made him Receiver of the Firft- Fruits, 
worth 200 /. per Annum ; but, Mr. Swetnam dying, 
he got both the Places for his Brother-in-Law Bo- 
dardo, that they might not go out of the Tribe. He 
was made Recorder of London ; and then, being 
made a Serjeant at Law, by Agreement, as it is faid, 
refigned to Mr. William Steel, and was made a 
Judge j and for his Zeal in Conie's Cafe, to advance 
the Protector's Will above the Law of the Land, 
and finding him fo fit for his Purpofe, he fent him 
into the Weft, (Chief- Juftice Rolls refufmg) to ar- 
raign that valiant Gentleman Col. Penruddock, and 
the reft of thofe Gentlemen taken at Soutbmoulton^ 
in Devon, by Article-breaking Crooks; for which 
good Services, and his complying Principles to ad- 
vance the Protector, he was made Lord Chief Ju- 
ftice of England, and no doubt behaved himfelf in 
the Place as his Mafter would have him, by whom 
he was alfo made a Lord of his Other Houfe ; but 
that and he fell with the Idol Dick. He was one of 
the eleven Members impeached by the Army for 
Treafon, and by that Parliament committed to the 

* Thomas Grantbam, Colonel of Foot, fmce dead. 

* * Ellis Grimes, Captain. 

* Arthur Goodwin, Colonel of Foot, fmce dead. 
c Brampton Gurdon, Colonel. 

* Sir Arthur Ha/ilrigge. This boiftcrous Incen- 
diary having, by bafe and vile Courfes, pofleffed 
himfelf of feveral Coal-pits near Newca/lle, was 
fome Years, as it may be feared, the Occafion of 
the ftarving many poor People in London to Death, 
thro' Cold ; for he, (being Governor) without any 
public Authority, laid a Tax of four Shillings per 


Of E N G L A N D. 187 

Chaldron, upon the Coals there, amounting to Interregnum* 
50,000 /. per Annum. He got three great Manors 1659- 
of the Biftiops, Auckland, Everwood, and another, for ^"V"^ 
an inconfulerable Matter : He hath been an irnpla- Mardl> 
cable Enemy to one Mr. Collingwocd, and wronged 
him of a great Eftate : He hath a rich Fleece, re- 
ported to the Value of 20,000 /. per Annum ; but it 
is hoped he will, e'er long, be fheared. 

' Sir Edivard Hunger ford. Colonel, famous for 
plundering of Warder-Cajlle ; had the Lands of the 
Countcfs Dowager of Rutland, worth 1500 1. per 
Annum, and fhe was allowed but 500 /. out of them. 

* J Cornelius Holland. His Father died in the 
Fleet for Debt, and left him a poor Boy in the Court 
waiting on Sir Henry Vane, then Comptroller of the 
Prince's Houfe. He was ftill Sir Henry Fane's Za^- 
r,y, but now, coming in with his Mafter for" the 
Revenue of the King, Queen, and Prince, this Pha- 
rifee was engaged with other Monopolifts and Pa- 
tentees, while they flood, his Confcience fcrupling 
not the Means where Profit was the Prize. He was 
turned out of the Office of the Green Cloth for 
Fraud and Breach of Truft ; but, with the Help of 
his Mafter, made himfelf a Farmer of the King's 
Feeding-Grounds at Crejloe, in Buckingbamjhire^ 
worth i8oo/. or 2000 /. per Annum, at the Rate of 
20 /. per Annum, which he difcounted. He poflef- 
fed Somerfet- Houfe a long Time, where he and his 
Family nefted themfelves. He was Keeper of Rich' 
mond-Houfe for his Country Retreat, and Commif- 
fary for the Garrifons at Whitehall and the Mewes. 
He had an Office in the Mint, and, having ten Chil- 
dren, he long fince gave 5000 /. with a Daughter, 
after which Rate we muft conceive he had laid afide 
50,000 /. for Portions. He was one of the King's 
Judges, and one of the Committee of Safety. 

' Sir Robert Harley, Mafter of the Mint in the 
Place of Sir Ralph Freeman, and Sir Thomas Aylef- 
bury. Before the Parliament he was much in- 
debted, very poor, and could not pay j now he is 
fich, and will not pay. 

1 88 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

4nter-gnum. 6 Henry Herbert had given him 3000 /. and the 

1659. Plunder of Ragland-Caftle. 

W"V- iJ < John Hampden, Colonel of Foot, killed at Cal- 
March * grove Field, where he made his firft Mufter. His 
eldeft Son made fince a Lord by Oliver Cromwell. 

' Col. Hacker, Governor of Lincoln, a Commif- 
fioner to bring in the Scots, and one of the three to 
whom the bloody Warrant, for his late Majefty's 
Execution, was directed. 

' * Sir Henry Hayman had given him 5000 /. 

* Denzil Holies had 5000 1. ordered him, but re- 
fufed it, and defired them to pay their Debts before 
they paid their Legacies. He was one of the eleven 
Members impeached by the Army, was very hot in 
the Beginning of the Troubles, but is fince of a bet- 
ter Temper, and hath contributed much to the Re- 
ftoration of his Prince, and his Nation's Peace. 

* Roger Hill, a Barrifter of the Temple, of no 
confiderable Eftate till he had granted him, from the 
Houfe,the Bifhop offlfinL-be/ier's Manor ofTaunton- 
Dean, being the beft in England, worth 1 2,000 /. 
per Annum, when the Eftates for Lives determine. 
He was one of the Commiffioners of Haberdajbers- 

' Ball. 

* t John Heivfon, at firft a Cobler of London, or 
at belt a Shoe-maker, went out a Captain upon the 
Account of the Caufe. His Zeal brought him to be 
a Colonel, and was afterwards made Governor of 
Dublin in Ireland, from whence he was fent for to be 
one of Barebcne's Parliament, and of all the mock 
Parliaments fince ; was made a Knight of the new 
Stamp, and afterwards was thought a fit Perfon to 
be a Lord of the Other Houfe ; and, for his Wifdom 
and good Service in all his other Employments, was 
thought worthy to be one of the twenty-three ho- 
nourable Perfons of the Committee of Safety, that 
were to manage all public Affairs of the Nation, and 
to conlider upon a Frame of Government to be efta- 
blifhed ; but, in the Heat of that great Work, he 
was in all Hafte, by his Brethren of that Commit- 
tee, fent in a Rage into London, to kill and ftill the 
innocent Boys playing at Foot-ball in the Streets, 


O f E N G L A N D. 189 

much like his Brother Pride y who cruelly deftroyed Inter-regnum. 
the innocent Bears. Afterwards the Coroner's Jury 
that fat upon the murdered Perfons, found his Lord- 
{hip guilty. He had been tried at the Seflions Houfe 
in the Old Baily y had not the News of his Majefty's 
happy Arrival prevented the fitting of that Court ; 
and no doubt, before this Time, received the Re- 
ward of his Works. He was likewife one of the 
murderous Judges fitting upon his Prince. 

' * Oliver St. John, the Son of one Mr. 5^ 
John, of Bedfordpnre^ who was fuppofed to be a 
Eye-blow of one of the Earls of Bedford. This 
Oliver was a Gentleman of flender Fortune, brought 
up to the Profeffion of the Law ; who, by fpecial 
Grace of his late Majefty, was both his Sollicitor 
and Attorney- General. He deferted his Mafter, 
and, adhering to the Parliament, was promoted to 
Places ef very great Advantage many Years toge- 
ther. He and Walter, called Lord Strickland, were 
fent Ambafladors to the United Provinces. He had 
alfo, many Years together, the pafling of all Fines 
and Compofitions, faid to be worth 5000 /. per 
Annum. He was alfo Lord Chief Juftice of the 
Common Pleas many Years, a Place of vaft Pro- 
fit. He was made Chancellor of the Univerfity of 
Cambridge, in the Earl of Mancbejler's room, a 
Perfon fignally anti-monarchical, till the Usurpation 
ef Oliver Cromwell. 

* \ Henry Ireton, Commiflary-General and Co- 
lonel, Lord-Deputy of Ireland^ one of the King's 
Judges, and one of the Appointers of the Time and 
Place of his Execution. 

' J Richard Ingoldfby^ Colonel, and Governor of 
Oxford^ related to Crowwell^ one of the King's 
Judges ; but fmce a true Penitent for it. 

* Sir Thomas Jarvis had Mr. Web's Place in 
Richmond Little Park, and had 9000 /. given him out 
of the Marquis of Winchejltr'* Eftate. 

' * Philip JoneS) Colonel, a Member of the Long 
Parliament. His Original is from Wales : At the 
firft of the War it is faid he had not above 20 /. per 
'Annv.W) but hath fmce very much improved his In- 


190 he Parliamentary HisT6RV 

Interregnum, tereft upbn Account of the Caufe; became Cover* 

l6 59 nor of a Garrifon, and Steward offome of the Pro- 

,7 l T"^ lector's Lands in Wales ; was a great Stickler to 

advance his Mafter to be Protestor, for which good 

Service he was advanced to be one of his Council, 

worth iooo/. per Annum ; afterwards Comptroller 

of his Houfliold, or Court. He made Hay while 

the Sun fhined, and hath improved his Revenue, as 

it is believed, to 4000 /. per Annum y if not more* 

He was alfo one of the Rump. 

\ John "Jones, at firft a Serving- man, then a 
Colonel of the Long Parliament ; was fent a Com- 
miflloner into Ire/and for the governing that Nation. 
He likewife helped to change the Government, was 
Governor of the Ifie of Anglesey, married the Pro- 
tector's Sifter, and thorough- paced for his Court 
Proceedings j who was thought fit, with his Name- 
fake and Countryman Philip, to be called Lords* 
and to be taken out of the Rump into the Other 
Houfe, to have a Negative Voice againft the People. 
He was alfo one of his Prince's Judges. 

6 William Lenthall, ok Lincoln s- Inn, a Counfellor 
at Law, Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, worth 
aooo/. per Annum, befides Rewards for Courteftesj 
Mafter of the Rolls, worth 3000 /. per Annum ; be- 
fides the Sale of Offices j Chamberlain of Che/far in 
the Earl of Derby's Place, and, untill lately, Chancel- 
lor of the Duchy of Lancafter, worth iooo/. per 
Annum. He was a Commiffioner of the Seal, worth 
1 500 /. per Annum, and had 6000 /. one Time gi vert 
him by the Houfe, and the Redory and Dememe of 
Eurford, with a ftately Houfe belonging to the Lord 
Falkland, worth 500 A per Annum. Oliver once 
made a Spunge of him, and fqueezed him out of 
1 5.000 /. who turning him and his Tribe out of 
Doors, he veer'd about to fave himfelf and his great 
Offices; and he that had been fo long Bell-weather 
in the Commons Houfe, was thought, for his Com- 
pliance and his Money, to deferve to be one of the 
Herd of Lords in the Other Houfe. 

* % John Lijle, Barrifter of the Temple, Mafter 
of S. GrrJJefi in Dr. Lewis's Place, being a Place for 

Of ENGLAND. 191 

a Divine, worth 800 /. per Annum ; one of the Lords Inter-regnom, 
Commiffioners of the Great Seal, worth 1500 /. l6 59- 
per Annum ; one of the King's Judges, afterwards < ~7J v "r"""' 
became a Cromwellian, and fwore Oliver, at his firft 
inftalling, Chief Magiftrate. He was Prefident of 
the High Court of Juftice, (fo called) which tried 
Sir Henry Slingfby, Dr. Htw'tt, &c. for Treafon 
againft the Protector, and pafled Sentence of Death 
againft them. 

' % Nicholas Love y the Son of Dr. Love, of Win- 
cbejler, Mr. Speaker's Chamber-Fellow in Lincolns- 
Inn, was made one of the fix Clerks in Chancery, 
in Mr. Penruddock's Place, worth iooo/. per An- 
num ; one of the Council of State in 1651 ; a con- 
ilant Rumper, one of his Sovereign's cruel Judges, 
and one of the Abjurators againft Kingly Power. 

* John Lenthall, Son to the Speaker, made one 
of the fix Clerks, worth 15007. per Annum, knighted 
by Oliver Cromwell ; was a Colonel of Foot, and 
Governor of Windfor-Cajlle. 

' Sir Oliver Luke, Colonel of Horfe, 

* Sir Samuel Luke, his Son, Colonel and Scbut- 
Mafter for the Counties of Bedford, &c. 

6 % Sir Michael Livefey, of the Ifle of Sbeppey, in 
Kent, heretofore a Colonel under Sir William Wal- 
ler, but a moil notorious Coward ; a penurious 
fneaking Perfon, and one that could a<ft an Hypo- 
crite to the Life, in Voice and humble Gefture. 
He was one of his Sacred Majefty's cruel Judges, 
Committee- Man General of Kent^ and an eminent 

4 Walter Long, Colonel, had 5000 /. and the Of- 
fice of Regifter in Chancery for four Years. 

* Henry Lawrence, a Member of the Long Parlia- 
ment, fell off at the Murder of his Majefty, for 
which the Protector, with great Zeal, declared, 
That a neutral Spirit was more to be abhorred than 

. a Cavalier Spirit, and that fuch Men as he were not 
fit to be ufed in fuch a Day as that, when God was 

cutting down Kingfliip Root and Branch. Yet he 
carae into Play again, and contributed much to the 
fetting up of the Protedor. and a. Single Perfon r af- 

Parliamentary His TOR v 

Inter-regnum. firming that no other Foundation could ftand ; fof 
which worthy Service he was made and continued 
Preftdent of the Protector's Council, where he figned. 
many arbitrary and illegal Warrants for the carry- 
ing faithful honeft Men to Prifon, for their not apo- 
ftatizing with them. He was thorough paced, and 
one, no doubt, who hath well feathered his Neft, 
being alfo one of the Lords of the Other Houfe ; 
and when that Honour vanifhed, he became one of 
the Honourable Committee of Safety. What he will 
be next is worth the Enquiry. 

Lord Vifcount Lif.e, eldeft Son of the Eari of 
Leicejler. He was of the Long Parliament to the 
laft, and at the Change of Government, and ma- 
king Laws againfthis Sovereign ; and, no Queftion, 
concurred with the reft in theie fad Effects. He 
was alfo of the Little Parliament, commonly ftiled 
Barebones Parliament ; was all along of the Pro- 
tector's Council, and was never to feek j who 
having learned fo much by changing with every 
Change, and keeping ftill (like his Father-in-Law 
the Earl of Saliflury and Peter Sterry) on that Side 
which hath proved Trump ; nothing need further 
be faid of his Fitnefs, being fuch a Man of Principles, 
to be taken out of the Rump Parliament, to have 
fettled a Negative Voice in that Other Houfe, over 
all the good People of thefe Lands. 

' * Thomas Lifter^ Lieutenant-Colonel, and De- 
puty-Governor of Lincoln. 

' % Edmund Ludlow, Colonel, Governor of War- 
dour-Ca/ile^ Lieutenant- General of the Horfe, one 
of the King's Judges, a great Fanatic, and Favourer 
of fuch. He hath much improved his Fortune in 
Ireland ; but now is gone to feek his Fortune elfe- 

* * Thomas Moore> Officer in the Cuftom-houfe, 
and his Brother was Governor of Ludlew-Cafth. 

' J Henry Martin, Colonel of a Regiment of 
Horfe, and a Regiment of Whores. He had given 
him 3000 /. at one Time, to put him upon the holy 
Sifters, and take off from the Levellers. He had 
the Reputation of a precious Saint from his Youth, 


Of E N G L A N D. 193 

iii reference to all Kinds of Debauchery, Unclean- Inter-regmun. 
nefs, and Fraud, having fold his Eftate three Times l6 59- 
over. He Jay many Years Prifoner in the King's ^"""""V"" "' 
Bench for Debt, and difgraced the Place by renew- 
ing the old Stews upon the Bank Side. He had fe- 
veral other large Sums given, and was one of the 
King's Judges. 

' Sir Thomas Middleton, Major-General for Den- 
bigh, and five other Counties, who hath manifefted 
his Loyalty to his Prince, and is a true Patriot of his 

* J Thomas Hammond, of Surry, was Lieurenant- 
General of the Artillery under the Lord Fairfax, 
and became a great Creature of that ambitious Ty- 
rant Cromwell, and a Promoter of his Interefts ; by 
whom he was drawn in to be one of thofe moft 
cruel Judges of his Prince, to the very great Grief, 
and contrary to the Admonitions, of his Reverend 
Brother Dr. Hammond. 

6 J John Moore, Colonel of the Guards. For 
fome Time he had the Benefit of Pafles out of Lon- 
don, and was one of the King's Judges. 

' Sir John Merrick, Major-General. 

* J Gilbert Milllngton, a Lawyer, had given him 
iooo/. was Chairman to the Committee of plun- 
dered Minifters, where Phelps the Clerk and he 
were believed to fhare their Fees, worth God knows 
what. He was one of the King's Ju.dges. 

' * Richard Norton, Colonel, and Governor of 

' Anthony Nichols, Mr. Pymme's Nephew, by him 
was made Pay-Mafter to the MefTengers of Intelli- 
gence, by which, in a ftiort Time, he put himfelf 
in a Parliamentary Equipage of Coaches, Horfes, 
and Attendants, got Money and paid his Father's 
Debts ; but was afterwards fufpended the Ho u I e, and 
now would not pay his own Debts by his Goodwill. 

c Nicholas, one of the Judges of the Upper 

Bench, and afterwards one of the Barons of the Ex- 

4 Michael Oldfworth, no Colonel, but Governor 
of Old Pembroke and Montgomery, and had a Share 

VOL. XXII. N ' with 

194 ^ e Parliamentary HISTORY 

with his Lordfhip out of Sir Henry Campion?. Office, 
worth 3000 /. per Ann. was Keeper oftfrindfor- Park, 
one of the two Mafters of the Prerogative Office, 
and made the Bailiff of Wejlminfter give him 50 /. 
per Ann. to continue him there. 

' * Arthur Owen, Colonel. 

' J Sir John $ourchier t of Yorkjhlre, a Perfon of 
no great Note, nor Eftate, till by his A&ivenefs in 
our late Diftempers, and Fifhing in troubled Watery, 
he angled fair, and catched a great Eftate, which 
was that he fought for : He was a Man as conftant 
at Committees as at his Dinners in Hell ; where he 
may, in Time, fup with his Father Satan, having 
been a conftant Rumper, and one of the King's 
cruel Judges. 

4 J Thomas Challoner, alfo a Yorkjhireman, emi- 
nent for his Speech in the Houfe, for the delivering 
of his late Majefty out of the Scots Clutches, into 
whofe Protection he had put himfelf ; a Man moft 
virulently invective againft Monarchy, having been 
one of his Majefty's cruel Judges ; alfo now, at the 
ibbereft, an infeparable Rumper, and to the laft an 
eminent Stickler for a Commonwealth. 

' J Richard Dean, Boy to Goodman Button, an 
Hoyman of Ipf-wich, after a Matrofs in the Army, 
then Colonel and Commander in Chief in Scotland* 
till made one of the Generals at Sea ; he was there 
killed, having left a great Eftate behind him, viz. 
Havering Manor in Ejjex, whofe Park he unmerci- 
fully demolifh'd : He was not only one of the King's 
implacable Judges, but one of thofe that figned the 
Warrant for his Death, and appointed the Time 
and Place for his Execution. 

' John Tburloe, a Servant and Secretary to Oliver 
St. John, was after that made Principal Secretary 
of State to Oliver Cromwell and Richard, and chofe 
Poft-Mafter of England, a Place of a vaft Income ; 
he may be juftly faid to be alfo a principal Inftru- 
ment, and to have a great Hand in bringing in all 
thofe abominable and wicked Practices and Oppref- 
fions that have been for thefe many Years laft paft ; 
ky which, and his under-hand Dealings, he did noa 


Of E N G L A N D. 195 

only attain to much Greatnefs and Honour, but to Inter-regm 

a vaft Eftate. He was brought into all the Mock 

Parliaments to give Aim to his Mafters ; and it is 

believed that he had a great Hand with his Brother 

Noel in felling fome Scores of thofe Gentlemen as 

Slaves, to the Barbadoes and other Plantations, that 

were accufed for being in the Bufmefs at Salijbury 

with Mr. Penruddock and others ; and was affifting 

in that Committee of Safety, whereof Fleetwood fat 

as Prince ; but now where he is, and what will be- 

f^ll him next, is well worth the Knowledge. 

' % Henry Mildmay^ that Prodigy of Ingrati- 
tude, was Servant to the late King, and not only 
knighted by him, but his Majefty was pleafed alfo 
in his own Perfon to become an Advocate for the 
obtaining Alderman Holiday's Widow for him ; who, 
being alfo made Mailer of the King's Jewels, moft 
impudently had the Face to appear and fit as one of 
his gracious Sovereign's Judges. He is a (hallow 
Fellow, by fome furnamed Sir Wbimfey Mildmay > 
a peftilent Republican, and a Rumper. 

' % Augujlin Garland^ an old Slander in the Long 
Parliament, an indefatigable Stickler in moft Com- 
mittees ; a notable Commonwealth's- Man, and a 
refolute Oppoier of the Government in a Single Per- 
fon ; therefore out of Date upon the Intrufion of 
Oliver Cromwell ; but in again upon the Reftoratioa 
of the Rump, of which Fraternity he was free. He 
was alfo one of his late Majefty 's moft cruel Judges. 

' John Bark/lead^ the Son of Michael Bark- 
Jlead, Goidfmith, who alfo was himfelf in his Mi- 
nority a petty Goldfmith in the Strand^ a very emp- 
ty fhallow-pated Perfon ; therefore the moft fit to 
be cajoled and wrought on, being of the mallable 
Temper : He forfook his Shop, fhuffled himfelf into 
the Camp, where, more by Fortune than Valour, he 
climb'd up to be a Colonel, and after Lieutenant of 
the Tower ; adopted to be an Alderman, Major- 
General of Middlefex, a fevere Perfecutor of the 
King's Party ; who alfo was one of his Judges A, 
thorough- paced Agent for all Governments, arid a 
moft active Imp of Oliver the Ufurper. 

N 2 1 Edmund 

196 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

Jnter-regnum. ' % Edmund Harvey > late a poor Silk-Man, after- 

r6 S9- wards made a Colonel. He got into the Bifliop of 

^ v -^ London' sHouk ; and by his juggling Infinuation crept 

March. j nto ^ (J u ft orn -Houie, and was one of the Farmers 

thereof; but, being accufed of fraudulent Dealings 

there, was difcarded by Crc?nwell^ though he had 

feafted him before moft magnificently at Fulham. I 

never heard any that could fpeak of his Honefty or 

Courage, being, as to the laft, a little inconfiderable 

Rat ; and, as to the ether, a factious Rumper, and 

one of his Majefty's cruel Judges. 

* % Thomas Harrifon, a Man of very mean Birth, 
being the Son of a Butcher in or near Newcalfte- 
under-Line : He was Servant to Mr. Hulk an At- 
torney at Law ; but, preferring War before Peace, 
got into the Army, and, having the Knack of Cant- 
ing, was believed to be a Perfon of furpafling Piety ; 
and fo infmuated himfelf from one Command to 
another, till he became Major- General of Wales^ 
being dangeroufly anabaptiftical in his Tenets, and 
a perfect Hater of orthodox Divines and a Devourer 
of their Maintenance ; he was very lately a Preacher, 
and indeed Head of a re-baptized Congregation in 
London ; he was clearly againft Monarchy, not 
only fitting a malicious Judge againft his Majefty, 
but was one of thofe five who appointed the Time 
and Place for the King's Execution. 

* J William Heveningham, of Norfolk, a Gentle- 
man of a moft antient Extraction, and a very fair 
Eftate, who was conceived to be drawn away more 
out of fome Animofity than Intereft : He was, 
amongft the reft, feduced to be one of the King's 
Judges, and was alfo one of the Rumpers. 

' J John Okey, his Parentage was as mean asr his 
Calling, fome deeming him a Drayman, others a 
Yeaftman ; but he was a Stoaker in a Brewhoufe 
at IJlington^ and next a moft poor Chandler near 
Lion-Kfy in Thames-Street^ where living very poor 
and indigent, he converted his blue Apron into a Buff- 
Coat, and became a Colonel of Dragoons ; a Fellow 
f greater Bulk than Brains, and Strength than Wit 


r Confcience, othervvife he would have had more inter-regmim. 
Grace than to have fat one of the King's Judges, 1659. 
and be one of that moft impudent Committee that *- ' -v* 1 J 
iigned the Warrant for his Death, and appointed 
the Time and Place for his Execution. 

' : John Down*) Colonel, a Perfon who did ftrike 
whilft the Iron was hot, and fo with his Sword 
opened the Trap Door to his Fortune j one that 
hath thriven well by the Times, having raifed him- 
felf to a confiderable Eftate j an Enemy to Mo- 
narchy, and a main Man for a Commonwealth, be- 
ing one of the King's Judges, and a Hater of any 
Government in one Single Perfon ; one of the Coun- 
cil of State in Fifty-one, and an infeparable Rumper 
to the laft Gafp. 

' t Jomes Temple^ of SuJ/ex, one of the Long 
Parliament, a Colonel, and Governor of Banbury- 
Caftle in Suffix 9 got the Eftate of Sir Charles Shelly \ 
violently, by Order from the Rump Parliament, 
under the Notion of his being Grand-child of a Pa- 
pift, and poflefled it without giving any due Ac- 
count for it, pretending his good Service ; and, upon 
the Interruption of the Rump, he took to the King's 
Bench, and afterwards came out by the Five Pound 
A6L The chief Service he did was to be one of 
his Prince's cruel Judges, and a conftant Rumper 
to the laft. 

' J Simon Mayne, of Buckinghamjhtre ; one of , 
the Long Parliament, a great Committee -Man, 
wherein he licked his Fingers. He was one of his 
Prince's cruel Judges, and a conftant Rumper to 
the laft. 

' Matthew Tomlinfon, before thefe Times, was 
a Gentleman Ufher to a Lady, and afterwards be- 
came a Major in the Army, and then a Colonel j 
was fent a Commiflioner into Ireland by Oliver 
Cromwell, and was knighted there by Henry Crom- 
vuelli the fecond Son of that Tyrant. He was one 
that condu6ted the King to the Scaffold, and hath 
got a great Eftate. 

' J John Dixwell, Burgefs for Dover in the Long 

Parliament , was a Colojnel of Foot, a great Com- 

N 3 mittee 

198 *rhe Parliamentary HISTORY* 

Inter-regnum. mittee-Man in Ktnt % one of the Council of State, 
^* 59 ' one of his Prince's cruel Judges, and a conftant 
March, Rumper to the laft. 

' J Ifaac Euer. He was but a Serving- man at 
firft, as it is reported ; his Zeal led him into the 
Wars, and fo he became a Colonel. He had much 
Land given him in Ireland for his good Service, and 
for being one of the cruel Judges of his Prince. 

* J Sir Gregory Norton, of Suffex* a Man but of 
a mean Fortune before thefe Times, as it is faid ; 
had Richmond- Houfe and much of the King's Goods 
for an inconfiderable Value, only they were the 
Price of Royal Blood, he being one of his Prince's 
Judges, and a conftant Rumper to the laft. 

' Edmund Prideaux, formerly Commiflioner to 
the Great Seal, worth 1500 /. per Annum ; did, by 
Ordinance, praclife within the Bar, as one of the 
King's Counfel, worth 5000 /. per Annum ; and, af- 
ter that, was Attorney-General, worth what he 
pleafed to make it ; Poftmafter for all the Inland 
Letters, at Six-pence the Letter, worth 1 5,000 /. 
per Annum ; and he got it thus, the Lord Stanhope; 
thePoftmafters, and Carriers of England, complained 
in Parliament againft Mr. Withering! and others, 
touching the carrying of Letters, whereupon the 
Benefit of foreign Letters was given to the Earl of 
Warwick, worth more than 7000 /. per Annum, and 
Inland Letters to Mr. Prideaux. Was not this 
good Juftice ? 

' * Thomas Pury, fen. firft a Weaver in Gloucejter* 
then an ignorant Country Sollicitor, had 3000 /. gi- 
ven him ; and, Mr. Gerrara"s Place in the Petty- 
Bagg, worth 400 /. per Annum. 

* Thomas Pury, jun. Son to the Elder, in the firft 
Year of the Parliament, Servant to Mr. Townjhend* 
an Attorney of Staples- Inn, Receiver of the King's 
Rents in Gloucejierjhire and Wilts* Clerk of the 
Peace of Gloucester /hire, worth 200 /. per Annum* 
and Captain of Foot and Horfe. 

* Francis Pierepointhzth the Archbiftiop of York's 
Lands, lying in Nottinghamjhire. 



' William Pierepoint hath 7000 /. given him, ami inter-regnum. 
ail the Earl of Kingjion's Eftate, (being fequeftered) ^ ^ 6 59- 
worth 10,000 /. 

< * "John Palmer, Dor.or of Phyfic, Mafter of 
All- Souls, in Oxford^ in Dr. Shelden's Room ; a 
Place which was proper only for a Divine. 

* * Sir John Palgrave, Colonel at the Siege of 

* Charles Pynime, Captain of a Troop of Horfe, 
Son to the great Incendiary. 

' + William Purefoy y Colond and Governor of 
Coventry^ fought refolutely againft the Crofs in the 
Market-place at Warwick ; and againft the antient 
Monuments at the Earl's Chapel, in St. Afary's 
Church there, who took the Mourners in Brafs to 
be Monks and Friers, for which Ije had 15007. 
given him ; but, when he (hould have fought with 
the Enemy, hid himfelf in a Barley Field, (for which 
a Waterman, who had been his Soldier, afterwards 
refufed to carry him) and was one of the King's 

' + Ifaac Pennington^ once Lieutenant of the 
Tower, a Year and a half Lord Mayor of London 
before his Time, had 7000 /. given him, and hath 
Store of Bifhops Lands ; yet this will not yield ten 
Shillings in the Pound to his Creditors. He was one 
of the King's Judges. 

' Henry Pelham, Recorder in Lincoln^ in the Place 
of Sir Charles Dalifon. 

' Alexander Popham, Colonel. 

* * Edward Popham t Colonel, afterwards one 
of the Generals at Sea. 

1 Francis Roits^ Piovoft of Eaton in Dr. Steward's 
Place, worth 1000 /. per Annum. He was Speaker of 
the pretended Parliament, which furrendered their 
Authority to the Protector Oliver^ and was after- 
wards one of his Council, and a Lord of his Other 

' Sir Benjamin Rudyard had 5000 /. given him. 

' Robert Reynolds had 20OO /. given him, befides 
Abingdon-Hall^ and the Lands worth 400 /. per 
Annum j hath bought a good Pennyworth of the Bi- 


2OQ The Parliamentary HISTOYR 

Inter-regmim. &ops Land, and, as it is reported, had 20,000 /. be- 
1659. yond Seas, as he made appear upon his Marriage, 
befides the Sollicitor-General's Place. 

' Edward RoJJiter, Colonel and General of all the 
Lincolnshire Forces, and Governor of Belvoir-Caftle, 
but fmce a Promoter of the Nation's Happinefs. 

' * Sir Francis RuJJell, Colonel, Brother-in-Law 
to Oliver Cromwell, and one of his Lords. 

' * Thomas RainSborough, Governor of Woodftock^ 
Taunton, and once Admiral of England. 

* Alexander Rigby, Colonel and Governor of Bo~ 
Jlon, and one of the Barons of the Exchequer. 

* Richard Rofe, hath the Houfe and Furniture of 
one Bailev, the King's Glazier, which he got thus : 
He and Mr. J. Trenchard went to feveral Houfes 
about the Strand to hire Lodgings for Malignants, 
gave good Rates, but would have the beft Furni- 
ture; and they, being Members of the Houfe, would 
fecure them ; Mr. Bailey was one Mr. Rofe caufed 
to be fequeftered, and got it to himfelf, for which 
he and Mr. Trenchard fell out ; but Bailey, though 
an honeft Man, got not his Goods again, which 
crofies the Proverb. 

* John Roll, Merchant, had 15007. given him, 
out of Sir John Worfmbant* Eftate. 

* Humphrey Sal-way, the King's Remembrancer 
in Mr. Fan/haw's Place, worth 400 /. per Annum. 

* Sir Walter Strickland, Agent in Holland for 
the two Houfes of Parliament, worth 5000 /. per 
Annum, or what more he was pleafed to make it ; 
was of all the Mock Parliaments, and of the Pro- 
tector's Council, and Captain of his Foot- Guard in 
Whitehall. He was lately one of the Common- 
wealth-Makers of the Committee of Safety, fo 

4 John Sehlen had 50007. offered him, which he 
refufed to accept, and kept his Confcience. 

' * John Stephens had iooo/. given him out of 
the Lord Aft/ey's Compofition. 

6 *J Henry Smith made one of the Six Clerks, 
worth iooo/. per Ann. one of the King's Judges, 
and a conftant Rumper. 

6 * Richard 

Of E N G L A N D. 201 

* Richard Salway, once a Grocer's 'Prentice, Inter-regnum, 
and their Spokefman in one of their tumultuous 1659. 
Hurries to the Long Parliament, and ever fince was * -~ v * 
taken Notice of for a great Talker. He was a main Marc k 
Man in the Committee of Safety ; for which the 
Rump, when they fat again, rebuked him gently, 
as one that had gone aftray from the Good Old 
Caufe ; a Major in the Army, and a great Pur- 

' Algernon Sydney, Governor of Dover-Caftle. 

4 * Philip Skippon, Serjeant-Major-General of 
the Army, Major-General of London, and Governor 
of Brijtoly a Member of all the Parliaments, one of 
Noll's Council, and a Lord of his Other Houfe ; a 
forward Man in the decimating Oppreffion. He 
hath gotten a vaft Eftate, hath been of all Parties, 
firft a Prefbyterian, till Philip Nye opened his Eyes, 
and {hewed him the Way to worldly Greatnefs. 

' % Anthony Stapley, Colonel, and Governor of 
Chlchefter^ and one of his Prince's Murderers. 

* ''John Sydenbam, Colonel of Horfe and Foot, 
Governor of Weymoutb and Melcomb- Regis, and 
Commander in Chief in Dorfetjhire, had looo/. 
given him ; one of Cromwell's Council, a Lord of 
his Other Houfe, had a great Command in the Ifle 
of Wight, and was one of the Lords Commiffioners 
of the Treafury. He was lately one of the Com- 
mittee of Safety, and a great Rumper. 

* Richard Shuttleworth, Colonel, and had very 
many of the Recufants Lands in Lancajhire in Se- 
queftration, himfelf being Chief for Sequeftrations 

' * Auguftin Skinner, by his Induftry in the Ser- 
vice, hath purchafed the Bifhop of Roche ft er's Ma- 
nor of Brumley, in Kent, at a very low Rate. 

' * Robert Scowen had 20OO/. given him towards 
his Lofles, but hath the Efteem of an honeft Man. 

J William Say, a leud Lawyer, dealt much in 
Fen-Lands j one of his Prince's Murderers, a ftately 
Committee-Man in Kent, and Speaker for ten Days 
to the Rump, while Lenthall was Tick or fullen. 

' Francis 

2O2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. < Francis Thorpe ', Receiver of the Money in York- 
l6 59 Jhtre^ charged by fome of the Country for detaining 
C "rr v "r""' 25,000 /. and one of the Barons of the Exchequer, 
for which he hath iooo/. per Ann. befides the Pro- 
fits of the Place; a bitter Enemy to his Prince, and 
a Creature of the Rump's making. 

*t Peter Temple, Captain of a Troop of Horfe, 
a great Committee-Man, a conftant Rumper, and 
one of the King's Judges. 

* Sir Thomas '[renckard had I20O/. given him ; 
Thus he married his Daughter to a Malignant, gave 
Security for the Payment of I20O/. Portion, befides 
Parliamentary Courtefies ; got his Son-in-Law fe- 
queftered, discovers the Debt, and had it given him 
for his Fidelity to the State. A neat Parliamentary 
Way to pay Portions. 

* John Trencbard, Brother to Sir Thomas Trench- 
ard> but a better Father- in-Law. He was Gover- 
nor of Warebam^ married two of his Daughters to 
Mr. Bingham and Mr. Sydenham, procured them to 
be made Colonels of Horfe and Foot, and Governors 
of feveral Garrifons ; got them to be chofen Mem- 
bers of the Houfe of Commons, and to be made free 
of his own Trade by their Father's Copy. 

' Thomas Toll had the Cuftomer's Place of Lynn- 
Regis, in his Son's Name, worth 300 /. per Ann. 
yet it is another's Grant. 

* Sir "John Trevor had 9000 /. out of the Marquis 
of Winchefter's Eftate, and the Marquis was put to 
his and Mr. Wallop's Allowance for divers Years to- 
gether : Befides Richmond-Park and Ground, and 
the great Park at Nonfuch^ he had a Monopoly of 
150O/. per Ann. out of Newcaflle Coals. 

( Benjamin Valentine had 5000 /. given him. 
' Samuel Vaffel had iooo/. given him. 

* John Ven, Colonel, Governor of Windhr^ 
and one of the King's Judges, had 4000 /. given 
him for Lofles, befides the Plunder of the Country 
about Windfor, much of the King's Houfhold Stuff, 
as Hangings, Linen, and Bedding. 

4 Sir Henry Vane^ fen. hath the Biftiop of Dur- 
batns Manor, Park, Demefne of Evenwood, and had 

5000 / 

Of E N G L A N D. 203 

5000 /. given him: He was alfo Chairman for the 
King's, Queen's, and Prince's Revenue, the Epi- j6 59- 
tome whereof is Lord-Treafurer. His Man Cozens 
was Clerk to the Committee, and got 1500 or 
2000 /. per Ann, by it. 

And if the Man fucb Profits have. 
What mujl be then that keeps the Knave ? 

* Buljlrode Whitlocke, once a Counfellor at Law 
of the Middle-Temple, then a Member of the Long 
Parliament, where he profited much, advanced his 
Intereft, and became Commiflioner of the Great Seal. 
Before the Troubles he was an intimate Friend 
to Sir Richard Lane, who, going to Oxford, entruft- 
ed him with hisChambers in theTetnpIe, of which, 
with all the Goods and an excellent Library, he 
hath kept Pofleffion ever fince ; and would not own 
that ever he knew fuch a Man, when Sir Richard's 
Son was brought to wait upon him in his Greatnefs. 
He was fent Ambaffador into Sweden in great State, 
and, when his Matters were turned out, a&ed there 
for the Protector. He was fince Commiflioner of 
the Treafury under him, and one of his Lords of 
the Other Houfe. Under Dick he was made Com- 
miflioner of the Seal again ; and, he being difcarded, 
wheeled about and worfliipped the Rump ; and, 
when Lambert unfeated them, he became Prefident 
of the Committee of Safety; fince which he has had 
the Leifure to confider of his former honeft Aftions, 
for which he had 2000 /. given him at one Time, 
and hath a good Fleece, and Heir to Lilly the Aftro- 

* Sir Thomas Widdrington, a Lawyer. By his 
Practice, and a formal Compliance with the Enfla- 
vers of thefe Nations, he hath advanced his Fortune. 
He was lately Commiflioner of the Treafury, and of 
the Great Seal. He was Speaker of that Parliament 
that betrayed the Liberties of the People of Eng- 
land, by making A6b of incredible Injuftice. He 
put on Oliver's Robes at his Inftallation, and made 


204 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-rcgnum. hi m a worthy Oration : For which good Service he 

il*r?l _j was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer. His fly 

March. Formality reftored him to the Great Seal fince the 

Rump's re-fitting. No doubt he is a weakly Man, 

and has more of the Willow than the Oak. 

' % Edward Whaley, formerly a Woollendraper, 
or petty Merchant, in London; where not thriving, 
and being much in Debt, he fled into Scotland till 
the Wars began, which he hath found a more gain- 
ful Trade, and in which he was Commiflary-Ge- 
neral of Horfe. He was of the later Parliaments, 
and a Promoter of Oliver's ambitious Defigns and 
his Country's Slavery ; for which he was made a 
Major- General of two or three Counties, and a 
Lord of the Other Houfe : But the reftoring of the 
Rump check'd this little Man's Greatnefs, till Lam- 
bert turn'd them out, and then he was fent into 
Scotland to defire Monke to be quiet. He was one 
of the accurfed Crew that dared to fit in Judgment 
upon his Sovereign. 

* Sir Henry Vane, jun. Son to the Elder, totally 
outed Sir William Rujjell, and was fole Treafurer 
to the Navy; a Place at leaft worth 6ooo/. per Ann. 
in Time of War, efpecially when the Lord-Trea- 
furer was his Friend, more when he was his Father. 
He was a Difcontent during all Oliver's and Ri- 
chard's Government. He is, no doubt, a Man of 
much Religion, and would become one of the Rulers 
of Ifrael, if the intended Match between his Son 
and Lambert's Daughter had not been fpoiled by the 
Reftitution of the Rump. 

' Sir William Waller loft two Armies, and yet a 
Gainer. He was afterwards one of the eleven im- 
peached Members, and is become an honeft Man, 
and a Patriot of his Country. 

' Sir Thomas Walfingham had the Honour of El~ 
tbam given him that was tb,e Earl of Dorfet's, the 
middle Park and an Houfe which were Mr. White's^ 
and had cut down 5000 /. worth of Timber Trees, 
but hath fcarce one left of his own to make a Gib' 

*J Thomas 

O/ E N G L A N D. 205 

c *J Thomas Waite, Colonel, Governor of "Burley- Inter-regnum. 
on-the-Hill, where he thrived fo well that he bought l6 59- 
500 /. per Ann. He was one of the King's Judges. **" IT v- r i " J - 

f Rowland Wilfon, Colonel, one of his Prince's 
Judges ; and, as it is faid, died with the Conceit of 
it, being accufed by a Parrot for killing of his King. 

* Thomas Weftrow, Captain under Sir Michael 
Livefey, and hath gotten the Biftiop of Worcefter's 
Manor of Hartlebury. 

' Sir Chrijlopher Wray, Colonel, fmce dead. 
* William Wray, his Son, Colonel. 

* William White, Colonel, and was Treafurer of 
War to the Army in the North under the Com- 
mand of the old Lord Fairfax. 

' Serjeant Wylde, Lord Chief Baron, had, after 
the hanging of Capt. Burley, xooo/. out of the 
Privy Purfe of Derby- Houfe. 'Tis thought he af- 
forded a great Pennyworth in his Service, which 
another would not have done for io,ooo/. and it is 
affirmed he had iooo/. more upon the Acquittal of 
Major Ralph ; fo it is all one to him whether he 
hangs or hangs not. He lived retired during the 
Prote&orian Government, but was lately reftored to 
the Exchequer for being a Lover of the Rump. 

* Robert Wallop had n,ooo/. out of the Marquis 
of Winchejler's Eftate, as it is reported. 

' J Valentine Walton, Colonel, and Governor of 
Lynn-Regis, purchafed the Queen's Manor of Sc~ 
merjham, in the Ifle of Ely, for a fmall Matter, 
which he has improved to a large Revenue by De- 
coys, &c. which the Rage of the People has lately 
demolifhed utterly. He was one of the King's 

J Sir Hardrefs Waller, Major-General of the 
Army, a Colonel of Horfe, a great Committee- 
Man, and one of thofe five who were appointed to 
confider of the Time and Place of his late Majefty's 
Execution, which they appointed before his own 
Door. He, with his Affiftants, were alfo the King's 

* It was reported that Stephen Kirk, Daniel Cox, 
Robert Wakeman, and John Stinte, Prime Clerk* 

2o6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Liter- regnum. and Sollicitors to their Committees, fhared noo/. 
l6 59- pf Sir Edward Seabrigkt's Money, to keep him from 
being a Delinquent ; and that Records were taken 
off the File, and others put in their Room, who 
gained great Eftates to themfelves. The Truth of 
this were worth inquiring after. 

' How many of thofe Members have undertaken 
to fecure Malignants Houfes and Good ; but, in the 
End, have taken them all for their own Ufe. What 
Caftles, Houfes, Chafes, and Parks have they have 
hadj and the Public no Benefit thereof, is worth the 
Inquiry : Befides the King's Revenues and Compo- 
fitions, which amounteth to ********. 

* Befides thefe Offices, Commands, and Gratui- 
ties, every Member of the Houfe of Commons, be- 
ing in all 516, are, by their own Order, allowed 
4/. per Week a Man, which amounts to 107,3287. 
per Ann. By the Ordinance for fequeftcring Delin- 
quents, April I, 1643, it was declared that their 
Eftates fliould go for Maintenance of the Public 
Affairs ; and feveral other Ordinances defigned Bi- 
fhops Lands for Payment of 200,000 /. Public Debt; 
yet you may fee by this that Delinquents Eftates 
and Biftiops Lands were by the Members of Parlia- 
ment fhared amongft themfelves, whilft the Public 
Debt is unfatisfied, and the Excife and Taxes held 

c Befides all this, the Incomes they railed upon 
the People, under Colour of the War, amounted to 
Three Millions per Ann. at leaft. 

* And did they not intend to perpetuate their Par- 
liament, and entail their Seffion (as the Priefthood 
on Levi) on confiding Families to furnifh them with 
Votes, as, Sir Gilbert Gerrard and his two Sons, 
Sir Robert tiarley and his two Sons, three Fiennes^ 
three Afljes, four Stephens, four Pelhams, four Her- 
berts, four Temples, Sir Thomas "Jervois and his Son, 
Sir Henry Vane and his Son, two Purys, two Cba~ 
loners, two Bacons, two Pierepoints, two Bonds, two 
Onflows, two Pools, two Lenthalls, &c. And that 
our Ecclefiaftics may comply with cur Temporal 


Of ENGLAND. 207 

Governors, the Houfe abolifh (as fuperftkious, be- inter-regnunn 
caufe legal) the Convocation of learned Divines, re- -if S9 * 
gularly chofen by the King's Writ, and duly ele&ed ^"-?^~ 
by the Clergy ; and the Houfe of Commons nomi- 
nated an Aflembly of gifted Divines, for that there 
is not an Aflembly- Man but what is thruft into 
another's Benefice/ 

We have now gone thro' the Hiftorians, Memo- 
rialifts, and other Authorities of thefe Times, up to 
the Diflblution of this Parliament. What happened 
between and the Meeting of the next Convention (for 
Parliament it cannot be called) is not much to our 
Purpofe. But, in this Interval, Dr. Price tells us, the 
General was founded as to his Intentions for refto- 
ring the King, by Sir 'John Grenvitle, fent over pur- 
pofely, being a near Relation of Monkis^ and very 
intimate with him. The DoiStor has left us a full 
Account of what pafled when Sir "John delivered 
the King's Letter firft to the General ; of his Shy- 
nefs in receiving it, and at laft of his open Declara- 
tion to Sir "John Grenvil/e, * That he hoped the 
King would forgive what was paft, both in his 
Words and Actions, according to the Contents of 
his gracious Letter ; that his Heart was ever faith- 
ful to his Majefty, but he was never in a Condition 
to do him Service till the prefent Time.' He bki 
him ailure the King, ' That he- was now not only 
ready to obey his Commands, but to ffcrifice his 
Life and Fortune in his Service/ 

After fuch a Declaration, from a Man who had 
it in his Power, we may fuppofe the King's Refto- 
ration was not far off. And, indeed, fome of the 
warmeft and ruoft powerful Men againft his Fa- 
ther faw the Thing fo inevitable, that they began 
to think of making Terms for themfelves. Thefe, 
we are told, were earneft with the General, That 
if the King muft be brought in by the next Parlia- 
ment, he fhould be admitted upon no other Terms 
than the Conceffions of the Ifle of Wight. But 
thefe Articles were thought t<jo ftrait for Monarchy, 


208 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. and wholly deftru&ive to the Conftitution of the 
1659- Church, as governed before thofe Troubles. Be- 
v *v--- fides, King Charles the Firft yielded to thefe hard 
arc * Articles, at a Time when he was a Prifoner in Ca- 
riJbrook-Cajlle, in the Year 1648 ; and the Parlia- 
ment voting them to be a fufficient Ground for a 
Treaty with the King, the Army turned out all the 
Voters, who were afterwards called the fecluded 
Members. However, adds the Doctor, to follicit 
the General, That the King's Reftoration might be 
hampered with his Father's Conceffions, in the Ifle 
of Wight, was no idle or unreafonable Proportion, 
from fuch as found themfelves concerned now to 
look about them. But this Propofal being judged to 
be anticipating the A&s of the enfuing Convention, 
or Parliament, it was laid aflde by the General, be- 
ing alfo inconfiftent with his Defign of reftoring the 
.King, without any Condition whatfoever. 

The King being now made thoroughly acquaint- 
ed, by Means of Sir John Grenville^ with the Gene- 
ral's Intentions in his Favour, began to entertain 
more certain Hopes of his Reftoration than ever he 
had done before. But ftill the Determination of 
the whole Matter refted principally on the Refolu- 
tions of the next Parliament, whofe Writs of Elec- 
tion were almoft wholly returned by the Middle of 
jfpril, 1660. In the mean Time one Interruption 
happened, which might have proved of dangerous 
Confequence, if it had not been timely prevented. 

It is faid that, by the Connivance of the Under- 
Keepers, Lambert was fuffered to efcape out of the 
Tower ; and he being of a boifterous and daring 
Spirit, and well beloved by the Soldiery, it was 
thought he might blow up a Flame not eafy to be 
cxtinguifhed, if not taken in Time. The General 
had quick Notice of this Efcape, and was too wife 
not to take Care to prevent Lambert's Defigns. A 
Proclamation was firft iflued out againft him and all 
his Abettors, declaring them Traitors ; for he foon 
muttered together a Number of Men of the fame ill 
Principle* with himfelf, ready to overturn any Go- 

Of E N G L A N D. 209 

vernment in which they had no Share or Power. Inter-rcgnum, 
\Vith thefe Lambert intended to rendezvous at Edge- lf >59 
hill'y and the General was preparing to march in * ""'"""--' 
Perfon againft him ; but hearing that his Party was pn " 
inconfiderable, he altered hisPurpofe, andfentCol. 
Ingoldjby on that Expedition. The Colonel foon 
brought Matters to a Crifis ; and, without Blood- 
ihed, took Lambert and his chief Officers Prifoners, 
and brought them to London, where this /aftious 
Perfon, with Gobbet and Creed, two others of the 
fame Stamp, were, by the Council of State, com- 
mitted clofe Prifoners to the Tower. This happened 
the very Day before the Meeting of the Parliament. 

And, furely, there could not be a more proper 
Crifis for fuch a Meeting, which now confifted of 
both Lords and Commons ; for it was not difputed 
by any who called and gave them this Authority, 
the moft rebellious in the Three Kingdoms then 
fubmitting to it. Now it appeared, fays bur Re- 
verend Author, that God's Mercy, the King's Cle- 
mency, the General's Conduit, and this Parlia- ; 
ment's Sitting, prevented all Fears, and the EfFufion 
of Blood, either by the Sword of War, or of Juftice. 
For none fuffered upon the old Score, but thofe 
who fat in Judgment on the late King, And figned 
to his Execution ; and even fome of thefe were 
pardoned. Some few others were alfo thought fifc 
to be exempted from Pardon, by the Parliament, as 
Sir Henry Vane and Hugh Peters, the- Guilt of 
which laft Sectary, our Author adds, was thought 
greater than fome of the higheft of the Criminals., 
who fat in a Court of Mock- Juftice up'ofl the Life "* 
of their Sovereign. 

But before we begin with the Proceedings of this 
ever-memorable Convention of two Eftates of the 
Kingdom, we fhall infert the Names of thofe Mem- 
bers who compofed the lower of them, viz. the" 
Houfe of Commons ; referving a Lift of the Peers 
to another Place, when there were more of thenV~ 
together, and their King at the fame Time execu- 
ting his refpeftive Office of Dignity and Priprity. 

VOL. XXIL O kl> #" : 

210 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

A LIST of the Names of the KNIGHTS, CITIZENS, BUR- 
GESSES, and BARONS of the Cinque Ports, of England and 
Wales, os they were returned to the Crown -Office, for the Par- 
liament begun at Weftminfter, April 25, 1660, commonly called 
the CONVENTION PARLIAMENT, which was fitting at the 
Return of King Charles, and voted his Reparation. i 

Where there was 
Bedford T. 
New-Windfor B. 

Reading B. 
Abingdon B. 


Buckingham T. 
Wicomb B. 

Aylejbury B. 
Amerjham B. 

From * Pamphlet 

a double Return, thofe in the Italic Character 
were not allowed to Jit. 

TJ Obert Lord Bruce. 

j\^ Samuel Brown, Serjeant at Law. 

Sir Samuel Luke, Knt. 

Humphrey Winch, Efq; 

Sir Robert Pye, Knt. 

Richard Powell, Efq; 

Alexander Blake, Efq; 

Roger Palmer, Efq; 

Richard Winwood, Eff, 

Thomas Rich, Efq; 

John Blagrave, Efq; 

Sir John Stonehoufe, Bart. 

Sir John Lenthall, Knt. and Bart. 

Kungerford Dunch, Efq; made his Election 
for Cricklade. New Writ ordered to be if- 
fued May I. 

Thomas Saunders, Efq; 

Thomas Tyrrel, Serjeant at Law, one of the 
Lords Commiflioners. Made one of the 
Juftices of the Court of Common Pleas, and 
a new Writ ordered to be Sflfued July 28, 

William Boyer, Efq; 

Sir Richard Temple, Bart. 

John Dormer, Efq; 

Edmund Petty, Efq; 

Richard Brown, Efq; 

Thomas Scott, Efq\ 

Richard Ingoldfby, Efq; 

Thomas Lee, Efq; 

Charles Cheyne, Efq; 

Thomas Proby, Efq; 

of the Times, which has been arefWJy compared with the 


Wendwer B. 
Marlow B. 


Cambridge Uni- 


Cambridge T. 
Cbefler C. 

Dunchevlt, alias 
Launcefton B. 

Lejkard B. 
Truro B. 
Bodmyn B. 
Heljlon B. 

E N G L A N D. 211 

Richard Hampden, Efn; 

John Baldwin, Efq; 

Peregrine Hoby, Efq; 

William Borlace, Efq; 

Thomas Wendy, Efq; 

Ifaac Thornton, Efq; 

General George Monke, made his Election 

for Devon/hire. New Writ ordered to be 

iflued May 22. 
Thomas Crouch, A. M. 
Sir Dudley North, Knt. of the Bath. 
Sir Thomas Willis, Bart. 
Sir George Booth, Bart. 
Thomas Manwaring, Efq; 
John Ratcliff, Efq; 
William Ince, Efq; 
Sir John Carew. 
JHugh Bofcawen, Efq; 
Thomas Gewen, Efq; 
Sir John Clobery. 
Edward Elliot, Efq; 
John Connock, Efq; 
John Robinfon, Efq; 
Thomas Johnfon^ Efq; 
John Clayton, Efq; 
Walter Moyle, Efq; 
Henry Ford, Efq; 
Walter Vincent, Efq; 
Edward Bofcawen, Efq; 
Henry Roberts, Efq; 
Henry Roberts, Efq; 
John Scilly, Efq; 
Sir Peter Kllligrew, Knt. 
Thomas Robinfon, Efq; 
---- Godolphin, Efq; 
Sir Peter Killigrew, Knt. 
Sir Peter Killigrew, Knt. 
William Cotton, Efq; 
Henry Nicol, Efq; 
Samuel Trclawney, Efq; 
John Buller, Efq; " 
John Keneal, Efq; 

O 2 Grar^ 

212 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

SrampoundB. Hugh Bofcawen, Efq; made his Ele&ion fc: 
- Cornwall. New Writ ordered to be ilTuert 

Augujl 14. 
Thomas Herle, Efq; 
Zafllwo B. Henry Seymour, Efq; 

John Trelawney, Efq; 
George Sirelley, Efq\ 
'Nathaniel Moyle, Efq; 
?'enryn B.' Samuel Enys, Efq; 

James Cobins, Efq; 

'l-'regony ]$. Edward Bofcawen, Efq; made his Election 

for Trttre. New Writ ordered to be iiiued 
Augujl 25. 
John Temple Efq; 
IVilliam Tridtnham, Efq~ y 
Dr. C/argis. 
2'jjiney B. Francis Gerrard, Efq; 

Charles Pymme, Efq; made his Election for 
Minehead. New Writ ordered to be ifiued 
^May 15. 
~(. I-vfs B. John St.Aubin, Efq; 

Edward Nofworthy, Efq; 
Barnes Pread, Efq\ 
Peter CV/y, Efq; 
.-?y B, Edward Herle, Efq; 

John Barton, Efq; 
^zrmciins B. John Elliot, Efq; 

Richard Knightley, Efq; 
,>/B. Thomas Carew, Efq; 

Heneage Finch, Efq; made his Election for 
the City of Canterbury ; and a new Writ 
ordered to be ifTued May 5. 
Humphry Bur ace, Efq; 
-port B. Sir Francis Drake, Bart. 

William Morrice, Efq; made his Election for 
Plymouth. New Writ ordered to be iflued 
July 12. 

B. William Tredingham, Efq; 
Arthur Spry, Efq; 
John Clobery, Efq- t 
\. Robert Roll, 'Efq; 


Of E N G L A N D. 


Car li Jit C. 
Cockermouth B. 
Derby T. 

Exeter C. 

Totnefs B. 
Plymouth B. 

Earnjlaple B. 
Plumpton B. 
Tavijlock B. 

mouthy Hard- 
nefs B. 
Beralflone B. 

Edward Herle,' Efq; made his Election ft.. 

Fowey. New Writ ordered to be iflueo 

.Afoy 14. 

Col. Lord Charles Howard. 
Sir Wilfrid Lawfon, Knt. 
William Brifco, Efq; 
Jeremy Tolhur, Efq; 
Richard Tolfon, Efq; 
Wilfrid Lawfon, Efq; 
Henry Cavendifh, Vifcount Mansfield. 
John Ferrers, Efq; 
John Dalton, Efq; 
Roger Aleby, Efq; 
Lord General Monke, called up to the Houfc 

of Peers. New Writ ordered to be iffued 

July 16. 

Sir John Northcott, Bart. 
John Maynard, Serjeant at Law. 
Thomas Bampfield, Efq; 
Richard Ford, Efq; 
Thomas Chafe, Efq; 
Thomas Clifford, Efq; 
Samuel Trelawney, Efq; 
William Morrice, Efq; Secretary of State. 
John Maynard^ Serjeant at Law, 
Edmund Vowel^ Efq\ 
John Roll, Efq; ' 
Nicholas Dennis, Efq; 
William Strode, Efq; 
Chriftopher Martyn, Efq; 
William Ruffel, Efq; 
George Howard, Efq; 
Ellis Crimes , Efq, 

John Hale, Efq; 
-- Frederick, Efq; 

George Howard, Efq; made his Election for 
Tavijlock, New Writ ordered to be iflued 
May 30. 

John Maynard, Efq; 

Sir Francis Drake, Bart. 

O 3 Tiverton B, 

214 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Tiverton B. Thomas Bampfield, Efq; made his Ele&ion 

for Exeter. New Writ ordered to be iflued 
June 12. 

Robert Shapcot, Efq; 
AJhburton B. Sir William Courtney. 

John Fowel, Efq; 
Honyton B. Sir John Young, Knt. 

Samuel Serle, Efq; 
Okehampton B. Edward Wife, Efq; 

Jofias Calmady, Efq; 

Robert Reynolds^ Efg; 
DORSETSHIRE. John Fitz-James, Efq; 

Robert Coker, Efq; 
Pools T. Sir Walter Erie, 

George Cooper, Efq; 
Dorchefler B. Denzil Hollis, Efq; 

John Whiteway, Efq; 
Lyme-Regis B. Walter Young, Efq; 

Thomas Moor, Efq; made his Election for 
Heyte/bury. New Writ ordered to be if- 
fued May 14. 
Weymouth B. General Edward Montagu. 

Sir William Penn, Knt. 
Metcomb-RegisB. Henry Weltham, Efq; 

Samuel Bond, Efq; 

Peter Mid diet on , Efq; 
Bridport B. John Drake, Efq; 

Henry Henly, Efq; 
Ehaftjbury B. Thomas Grove, Efq; 

James Baker, Efq; 
Warebam B. George Pitt, Efq; 

Robert Colleford, Efq; 
Corfe-Cajlle B. Ralph Banks, Efq; 

John Tregonwell, Efq; 
ESSEX. John Bramfton, Efq; 

Edward Turner, Efq; 
Colchejier B. Sir HarbottleGrimfton, Bart. SPEAKER. 

John Shaw, Efq; 
Maiden B. Triftam Conyers, Efq; 

Henry Mildmay, Efq; declared void. New 
Writ ordered to be iflued May 14. 

Edward Harris^ Efq', 


Harwich B. 

Glouce/ler C. 

Cirencejler B. 
Tewkefbury B. 


Hereford C. 
Weobly B. 

Of E N G L A N D. ,215 

Capel Luckyn, Efq; 

Henry Wright, Efq; 

Matthew Hale, Serjeant at Law. 

Edward Stephens, Efqj 

Edward Mafle, Efq; 

James Stephens, Efq; 

Thomas Matter, Efq; 

Henry Powel], Efq; 

Henry Capell, Efq; 

Richard Dawdefwell, Efq; 

Edward Harley, Efq; 

William Hinfon, alias Powell, Efq; made his 

Election for Dover. New Writ ordered 

to be iflued June 4. 
Roger Bofworth, M. D. 
Herbert Waftfailing, Efq; 

~) Declared void, and a 
> new Writ ordered to 

Leominjler B. 

St. Albans B. 

Hertford T. 

Huntingdon T. 

Canterbury C. 
Roche ft er C. 
Maidftone B. 

James Pitts, Efq; 

Richard Wefton, Efq; 

jbe iflued July 17. 

John Birch, Efq; 

Edward Pytt, Efq; 

Rowland Litton, Efq; 

Henry Caefar, Efq; 

Richard Jennings, Efq; 

William Foxwift, Efq } 

Col. Alban Cox. 

James Cooper, Efq; 

Arthur Spark, Efq; 

Robert Lord Mandevil. 

Henry Cromwell, Efq; 

John Bernard, Efq; 

Nicholas Pedley, Efq; 

Sir John Tufton, Bart. 

Sir Edward Deering, Bart. 

Sir Anthony Archer, Kilt* 

Heneage Finch, Efq; 

John Manfham, Efq; 

Peter Petit, Efq; 

Thomas Twifden, Serjeant at Law. On the 
3d of July a Writ was ordered to be iflued 
to elect one in his room, being made one of 
the Juftices of the Court of King's Bench. 

Robert Barnham, Efq; 

Queen - 



Liverpool B. 


Lticefter T. 

Lincoln C. 
5y?5 T. 

2 1 6 The Parliamentary Hi STOR v 

Queenborougb B, James Herbert, Efq; 

Sir William Wheeler, Knt. 
LANCASHIRE. Sir Robert Bindlos, Bart. 

Roger Bradfhaigh, Efq; 
Lancajler T. Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Bart. 

William Weft, Efq; 

Preflon B. Richard Standifli, Efq; 7 Dec]ared _ void, and 

Alexander Rigby, Efq| ^ a new W nt ordered 

Newton B. Richard Leigh, Efq; 

William Banks, jun. Efq; 

William Gardiner, Efq; 1 Declared void and 

Hugh Forth, Efq; 

Sir Ralph Afliton, Bart. 

William Hulton, Efq; 

William Stanley, Efq; 

Gilbert Ireland, Efq; 

Thomas Merry, Efq; 

Jathew Babinton, Efq; 

John Grey, Efq; 

Thomas Armftrong, E(q; 

Edward Rofliter, Efq; 

Sir George Saunderfon, Bart. 

John Monfon, Efq; 

Thomas Meeres, Efq; 

Sir Anthony Irby, Knt. 

Thomas Hatcher, Efq; 

William Wray, Efq; 

Edward King, Efq; 
John Hatcher, Efq; 
Francis Wingfield, Efq; 

'John Weaver, Efq; 
Thomas Skipwith, Efq; 
John Newton, Efq; 
William Ellis, Efq; 
Sir William Waller, Knt. 
Lancelot Leke, Efq; 
Gilbert Gerrard, Efq; 
Thomas Clargis, Efq; 
William Wild, Efq; Recorder. 
Major-General Brown. 


Grim/by B. 
Stamford B. 

Grantbam B. 

Weftminfttr C. 
London C. 



John Robinfon, Efq; Alderman. 

William Vincent, Efq; 
MONMOUTH- Henry Lord Herbert. 

SHIRE. William Morgan, Efq; 

Monmouth T. Sir Trevor Williams, Bart. 
NORFOLK. Sir Horatio To wnfhend, Bart. 

Thomas Richardfon, Baron of Cramond. 
Norwich C. William Barnham, Efq; 

Thomas Rant, Efq; 
Lynn- Regis T. Sir Ralph Hare, Bart. 

Edward Walpole, Efq; 
Yarmouth T. John Potts, Knr. and Bart. 

Sir William D'Oyley, Knt. 

Sir John Pa/grave, Bart. 

Miles Corbet, Efq\ 
Thetford B. Sir Philip Wodehoufe, Bart. 

Robert Pafton, Efq; 
Caflle-Rifing B. Sir John Holland, Bart. 

John Spelman, Efq; 
NORTHAMP- Sir Henry Yelverton, Bart. 

TONSHIRE. Jchn Crewe, Efq; 

Peterborough C. Charles Lord de le Spencer. 

Humphry Orme. 

Francis St. John^ Efq; 
Northampton T. Sir John Norwich. 

Richard Rainsford, Efq; 
Brackley B. Thomas Crewe, Efq; 

William Lifle, jun, Efq; 
Higham-FerrcrsJS. Sir Thomas Dacrcs. 

Edward Harvey, Efq\ 
NORTHUMBER- Sir William Fenwick, Bart. 

LAN T D. Ralph Delaval, Efq; 

Newca/lle upon Robert Ellifon, Efq; 

Tyne T. William Calverley, Efq; 

Berwick T. Sir Thomas Widdrington, one of the Lords 

Commiflioners of the Great Seal of Eng- 
land. Made his Eledion for York. New 
Writ ordered to be iflued May 14. 

John Rumworth, Efq; 
Morpeth^B. Thomas Widdrington, Efq; 

Col. Ralph Knight. 



Nottingham T. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

William Pierepoint, Efq; 
Gilbert Lord Haughton. 
Arthur Stanhope, Efq; 
Col. John Hutch Jnfon, expelled the Houfe 
June 9, and rendered incapable of bearing 
any Office of public Truft ; and it was alfo 
refolved that he fhould not be within the 
Claufe of Exception in the A& of general 
Pardon, as to any Fine or Forfeiture of any 
Part of his Eftate not purchafed of, or be- 
longing to, the Public. A new Writ or- 
dered to be iflued June 12. 
Eaft-Retford B. William Hickman, Efq; 

Wentworth Fitzgerald, Earl of Kildare. 
OXFORDSHIRE. Sir Thomas Wenman, Knt. afterwards Vif- 

count Wenman. 
James Fiennes, Efq; 

OxfordUmverfity. Thomas Clayton, M. D. 
John Mills, LL. D. 
Henry Carey, Vifcount Falkland. 
James Haxley, Efq; 
Sir Thomas Spencer, Bart. - 
Edward Atkins, Efq; 
Sir Anthony Cope, Bart. 
RUTLANDSHIRE. Philip Sherard, Efq; 
Samuel Brown, Efq; 
Sir William Whitmore, Bart. 
Henry Vernon, Efq; 
Samuel Jones, Efq; 
Thomas Jones, Efq; 
Walter Acton, Efq-, 
John Bennet, Efq; 
Tim. Lyttleton, Serjeant at Law. 
John Charlton, Efq; 
Great Wenlock B. Sir Francis Lawley, Bart. 
Thomas Whitmore, Efq; 
BiJhops-Caftle T. William Oakley, Efq; 
Edmund Waring, Efq; 
SOMERSETSHIRE. George Hnrner, Efq; 

Hugh^Smith, Efq; 
BriftolC. John Stephens, Efq; 

John Knight, fen. Efq; 


Oxford C. 
Wood/lock B. 
Banlury B. 

Shrew/bury T. 
Bridgnorth B. 


Bath C. 
Wells C. 
Taunton B. 
Bridgewater B. 
Minebead B. 
Ilcbefter B. 
Mllborn-Port B. 


Winchefttr C. 

Southampton T. 
Portfmoutb T. 

Yarmouth B. 
Petersfield B. 
Newport B. 
Stockbridgc B. 
Newton B* 
CbriJl-Cburch B. 


2I 9 

Alexander Popham, Efq; 

William Prynnc, Efq; 

Thomas White, Efq; 

Henry Bull, Efq; 

William Windham, Efq; 

Thomas Gorger, Efq; 

Sir Thomas Wroth, Knt. 

Francis Rolle, Efq; 

Francis Luttrel, Efq; 

Charles Pymme, Efq; 

Robert Hunt, Efq; 

Henry Dunfter, Efq; 

William Milborn, Efq; 

Michael Mailer, Efq; 

Richard Norton, Efq; 

John Buckley, Efq; 

Thomas Cole, Efq; made his Election for 

Petersfield. New Writ ordered to be if- 

fued May 29. 
John Hooke, Efq; 
William Stanley, Efq; 
Robert Richbell, Efq; 
Richard Norton, Efq; made his Election for 

Southampton/hire. New Writ ordered to 

be iffued May I. 
Henry Whitehead, Efq; 
Sir George Leigh, Knt. 
Richard Lucy, Efq; 
Thomas Cole, Efq; 
Arthur Bold, Efq; 
Robert Dillington, Efq; 
William Oglander, Efq; 
Francis Rivet, Efq; 
Sir John Evelin, Knt. 
Sir John Barrington, Bart. 
Sir Henry Worfley, Bart. 
John Hildefley, Efq; 
Henry Fulfe, Efq; 
Robert Wallop, Efq; He was expelled the 

Houfe "June n, and excepted out of the 

Acl: of general Pardon and Oblivion, in 

refpecl only of fuch Pains, Penalties, and 


220 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Forfeitures, (not extending to Life) as 
fhould be thought fit to be inflicted on him. 
New Writ ordered to be iflued June 12. 
Giles Hungerford, Efqj 
Lymington B. John Button, Efq; 

Henry Bromfield, Efq; 
Jlndouer B. John Trott, Efq; 

John Collins, Efq; 
STAFFORDSHIRE. Edward Bagot, Efq; 

William Snead, Efq; 
Litcbfeld C. Michael Biddolph, Efq; 

Thomas Manners, Efq; 
Stafford T. Sir Charles Wolfeley, Bart, 

John Swinfen, Efq; 
Newcaflle under John Bowyer, Efq; 

Line. Samuel Terrick, Efq; 

Tamwortb B. Richard Newdigate, Lord Chief Juftke of Ac 
Upper Bench. 

Thomas Fox, Efq; 
SUFFOLK. Sir Henry Felton, Bart. 

Henry North, Efq; 
Ipfwicb T. Nathaniel Bacon, Efq; 

Francis Bacon, Efq; 
Dunwicb B. John Rous, Efq; 

Henry Beddingfield, Efq; 
Orford B. Walter Devereux, Efq; 

Allen Broderick, Efq; 
jUdloreugb B. Robert Brook, Efq; 

Thomas Bacon, Efq; 
Sudbury B. John Gurdon, Efq; 

Jofeph Brand, Efq; 

Robert Cordel, Efq; 
Eye B. Charles Cornwallis, Efq; 

George Reeve, Efq; 
St.EdmundJburyB. Sir Henry Crofts, Knt. 

Sir John Duncombe, Knt. 

Thomas Chaplin, Efq; 

Thomas Clarke, Ej'q; 
SURREY. Francis Angier, Baron ofLangford. 

Daniel Harvey, Efq; 
Soutbwark B. John Langham, Efq; 

Thomas Bludworth, Efq; 




Blecbingley B. 
Ryegate B. 
Guildford B. 
Catton B. 

Hujlemere B. 
Chlcbejter C. 

Horjham B. 
Midburft B. 
Lewes B. 
Sboreham B. 
Bramber B. 
Steyning B. 

Arundel B. 

Coventry C. 

Sir John Evelin, Knt. 
John Goodwyn, Efq; 
John Hele, Efq; 
Edward Thurland, Efq; 
Sir Richard Onflow, Knt. 
Arthur Onflow, Efq; 

Thomas Turgis, Efq; ~\ Declared void, and 
William Oldfield, Efq; I new Writs ordered 
Roger James, Efq; ("to be iffued the 5th. 
Robert Wood, Efq; J of May. 
John Weftbrook, Efq; 
Richard Weft, Efq; 
Sir John Pelham. 
Henry Goring, Efq; 
Henry Peckham, Efq; 
John Farrington, Efq; 
William Cawley, Efq; 
Thomas Middleton, Efq; 
Hall. Ravenfcroft, Efq; 
Will. Willoughby, Efq; 
ohn Steward, Efq; 
ohn Staple, Efq; 

ifel Rivers, Efq; 
Herbert Springet, Efq; 
Edward Blaker, Efq; 
John Byne, Efq; 
Edward Eversfield, Efq; 
Henry Goring, Efq; made his Election for 

SuJ/ex. New Writ ordered to be iffued 

May 3. 

JohnFagg, Efq; 
Marmaduke Grefham, Efq; 
George Courthop, Efq; 
Roger Lord Broghill. 
Henry Vifcount Falkland, made his Election 

for Oxford City. New Writ ordered to be 

iffued May I. 
.George Brown, Efq; 
Thomas Archer, Efq; 

John Decld void > ni 




222 ffle Parliamentary HISTORY 

Warwick B. Clement Throckmorton, jun. Efq; 

John Rous, Efq; 
WESTMORE- Sir John Lowther, Bart. 

LAND. Sir Thomas Wharton, Knight of the Bath, 

Jtppulby T. Sir Henry Cholmley, Knt. 

Chriftopher Clapham, Efq; 
WILTSHIRE. Sir Anthony Afhley Cooper. 

John Earnely, Efq; 
Salijbury C. Henry Eyre, Efq; 

Edward Tooker, Efq; 
Wilton B. John Swanton, Efq; 

William Hughes, Efq; His Election declared 
void, and a new Writ iffued "June 14. 

Francis Swanton, Efq\ 

Richard Grobham Howe^ Efq\ 
Downton B. Gyles Eyre, jun. Efq; 

John Elliot. 

Thomas Jitz-James, Efq\ 

William Coles, Efq\ 
Hindon B. Sir Thomas Thyn, Knt. 

George Grobham Howe, Efq; 

Edmund Ludlow, Efq\ 
Heyte/bury B Thomas Moore, Efq; 

John Jolliffe, Efq; 
Weflbury B. Richard Lewes,. Efq; 

William Brunker, Efqf 
Calne B. Edward Bainton, Efq; 

William Ducket, Efq; 
Devizes B. William Lewis, Efq; 

Robert Aldworth, Efq; 

'John Norden^ Efq; 
Chippenbam B. Edward Hungerford, Efq; 

PIdward Pool, Efq; 
Malm/bury B Robert Danvers, Efq; 

Sir Fran. Hen. Lee, Bart. 
Gricklade B. Hungerford Dunch, Efq} 

Nevil Madeline, Efq; 
Bcdwin B. Robert Spencer, Efq; 

Thomas Gape, Efq; 

Sir Walter St. John, Bart. 

Sir Rtlpb Forney, Knt. 



ludgerjhall B. 

Old Sarum. 

Wtoton-Bajffet B 

Marlbcrougb B. 

Worcefler C. 

Droitwicb B. 
Evejham B. 

Bewdley B. 

York C. 

Klngfton upon 

Knarejbrough B. 

Scarbrougb B. 


William Prynne, Efq; made his ElecUon for 
atb, and a new Writ ordered to be nTued 
May 3. 

William Thomas, Efq; 

Sir John Evelin. 

Seymour Bowman, Efq; 

John Norden, Efq; 

Algernon Cecil, Efq\ 

John Pleydell, Efq; 

Henry Lord Herbert, made his EledVton for 

Henry Hungerford, Efq; 

Jeffrey Daniel, Efq; 

Henry Bromley, Efq; 

John Talbot, Efq; 

Thomas Street, Efq; 

Thomas Hall, Efq; 

Samuel Sandys, Efq; 

Thomas Coventry, Efq; 

Sir Thomas Rous, Bart. 

John Egiocke, Efq; 

Thomas Foley, Efq;. 

Thomas Lord Fairfax. 

John Dawnay, Efq; 

Sir Thomas Widdrington, one of the Lores 
CommiiTioners of the Great Seal of Ens- 

Metcalf Robinfori, Efq; 

John Ramfden, Efq; 

Andrew Marvel, Efq; 

William Stockdale, Efq; 

Henry Bethell, Efq; 

William Thompfon, Efq; 

Luke Robinfpn, Efq; On the 2lfl of June, 
1660, Mr. Robinfon was tlifcharged by an 
Order of the Houfe from fitting, and a 
Writ ordered to be iffued to eledl another 
in his room ; but the Journals do'not give 
us the Reafon for this Expulfion. 

John Legard, Efa 

Henry Arthington, Efq; 

Edmund Jennings, Efq; 

John Lambert, Efqi Richmond 

224 Tfo Parliamentary HISTORY 

Richmond B. James D'Arcy, Efq; 

Sir Chriftopher Wyvell, Bart. 
Heydm B. Col. Hugh Bethell. 

John Clobery, Efq; made his Election for 

Launcejlon. New Writ iflued July 6. 
fiorougbbridgt B. Conyers D'Arcy, Efq; 
Henry Stapylton, Efq; 
Th'trjk B. Barring Bourchier, Efq; 

William Stanley, Efq; made his Election for 

Liverpool. New Writ iflued May 15. 
Thomas Harrifon, Efq; 
Aldborough B. Solomon Swale, Efq; 

Francis Goodrick, Efq; 
Beverhy B. Sir John Hotham, Bart. 

Col. Hugh Bethell, made his Election for Hey- 
don. New Writ ordered to be iffued May 22. 
Pontefraft B. Sir George Savile, Bart. 
William Lowther, Efq; 
John Hewly^ Efq; 
Lionel Copley, Efq; 
Malton B. Philip Howard Efq; 

Thomas Heblethwayt, Efq; 

Allerton B Francis Lafcelles, Efq; expelled the Houfc 

"June 9, rendered incapable of bearing any 
Office of public Truft; and it was refolved 
that he mould not be within that Claufe of 
Exception in the Act of general Pardon, 
as to any Fine of Forfeiture of any Part of 
his Eftate not purchafed of, or belonging 
to, the Public. New Writ ordered to be 
iflued "June 12. 
Thomas Lafcelles, Efq; 


Ha/lings. Denny Alhburnham, Efq; 

Nicholas Delves, Efq; 
Romney. Sir Norton Knatchbull, Bart. 

John Knatchbull, Efq,; 
Hythe. Philip Lord Vifcdunt Strangford. 

Phineas Andrews, Efq; 
Dover. Edward Montagu, one of the Generals afc Sea, 

Arnold Bfaimes, Efqj 





Anglesey. ^ 
Beaumaris B. 
Brecon T. 
Cardigan T ? 

Carmarthen T. 
Carnarvon T, 
Denbigh T 
Flint T. 





Montgomery T, 


Pembroke T. 

Henry Oxenden, Efq; 

James Thurbarne, Efc[i 

Sir Thomas Dike. 

George Parker, Efq; 

Herbert Mor^ey, Efq; 

William Hay, Efq; 

William Howard, fecond Son of Edward 

Lord Howard, of Efcrick. 
Samuel Gott, Jtfcj; 

Robert Lord Vifcount Buckley, 

Radnor T. 

Griffith Bodurda, Efq; 

Sir William Lewis, Bart, 

Sir Henry Williams, 

[May 1 6, on a Petition of the Freeholders of 
\ this County, Writs were ordered to be if? 
fued for the Eledion of Members for the 
County and Town, and it was referred to 
the Committee of Privileges and Elections 
to examine into the Mifcarriage of th 
former Writ for the feid Election* 

John Lloyd, Efq; 

Arthur Annefley, Efq; 

John Glynn, {Serjeant at Law, 

William Glynn, Efq; 

Sir Thomas Middleton, Int. 

Sir John Carter, of Kimuel, Knt. 
7 We find no Return for thefe two Places. If 
3 is probable the Writ mifcarriexl in the farn 
Manner as that for Cardigan, 

Sir Edward Manfej, Bart. 

.Bufley.Manfel, Efq; 

Edmund Merrick, Efqj 

John Purfell, % 

Thomas Middjeton, 

Arthur Owen, Jtfq; 

Sir Hugh Owen, Kt. and Bart. Declar'd void. 
New Writ ordered to be jflued June %Q, 

William Phillips, Efq; 

George Gwin, Efq; 

Robert parley, 

226 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORV 

The 'Journals of both Houfes now begin again, 
which we (hall faithfully abftract up to our deter- 
mined Period ; and firft, as in Juftice it is due to 
the Upper Houfe, and becaufe we have been long 
Strangers to them, their "Journals muft claim the 
Preference. And, to do more Honour to them, we 
think proper to give their firft five Days Proceed- 
ings at full Length, as they are entered on their 

journals of the jT);> Mercurl Viceffwio Quinto Die Aprilis, Anns 
Houfe of Lords j _</ Sereni/imi Domini noftri Caroli Secundi, 
Dei Gratia Angliae, Scotiae, Francias, & Hiber- 
niae, Regis, Fidel Defenfor, Duodecimo. 
PRAYERS by Mr. Afhe. 
Domini prefentes fuerunt, 

The Earl of Mancbefter appointed by the Lords 
to be Speaker pro Tempore^ 

The Earls of Northumberland, Lincoln, Suffolk, and 
Denbigh, Vifcount Say and Sele, Lords lVbarton t 
Hunfden y Grey de Werk, Maynard, &c. 

Ordered, That Monday next be appointed to be 
kept, by this Houfe,, as a Day of Parting and Hu- 
miliation, for feeking a Blefling from God by Prayer, 
upon the Meeting of both Houfes of Parliament, in 
order to a Settlement of this Nation ; and the Place 
to be the Abbey Church in Wejlminfler for the 
Peers, wherein the Houfe of Commons are to be 
defired to do the like for their Houfe. 

A Meflage was fent to the Houfe of Commons 
by Mr. Rich and Mr. Eltonhead, to let them know 
that the Lords have appointed to keep Monday next 
as a Faft-Day, for feeking of God for a Blefling up- 
on the Meeting of both Houfes, in order to a Settle- 
ment of this Nation, and to defire their Concur- 
rence for the fame Day to be kept as a Faft by their 

The Earls of Northumberland and Lincoln, the 
Lords Wharton, Hunfden, and Grey de Werk, were 
appointed to confider of the Draught of an Order 
fw Htnry ScoMJ, Efqj t deliver all Afts, Records, 


Of E N G L A N D. ^^J 

and Journal-Books, and all Papers and Writings 
whatfoever, that are in his Cuftody, belonging to the 
Peers, to John Brown, Efq; Qlerk of the Parliament, 
and lilcewife the Stone Tower ai}d Dwelling-Houfe 
belonging thereunto, and report the fame (LQ this 
Houfe. Their Lordfhips to meet prefently, 

' Refdlved, That George Monke, Efq; is nominar 
ted and appointed, by this Houfe, to be Captain* 
General of all Land Forces in England^ Scotland^ 
and Ireland, and the Concurrency qf the Houfe of 
Commons be defired therein.' 

The Earl of Lincoln reported from the Cortimit- 
tee the Order concerning the Records of this Houfe, 
which was read and approved of, and ordered fp be 
iigned by the Speaker of this Houfe, viz, 

* "T "If 7"Hereas Henry Scobell, Efq; is now in theorder 
VV Poffeffion of the Dwelling-Houfe in theSceteli 

to M f . 

Old Palace Yard at Weftmintter, belonging to the u P . 
Clerk of the Parliament, who attends as Clerk to f ' 

* the Houfe of Peers, and hath in his Cuftody the 

* A6ts, Journals, and other Records of that Houfe: 

* It is ordered by the Lords in Parliament, That th? 

* faid Henry Scobell {hall, upon Sight hereof, forth- 
with deliver unto John Prown, Efq; Clerk of the 

* Parliament, or his Aligns, the Poffeflion of a cer- 

* tain Stone Building, ftanding within the faid Pwel- 

* ling- Houfe, commonly called theT0wr, wherein 

* the Records were ufually kept, and the Keys an4 

* other Things belonging to the fame ; As alfo the 

* A6ts, Ordinances, Journals, Records, Writings, 

* and Papers appertaining, or any wife belonging tQ 

* the faid Office. And laftly, That the faid Henry 

* Scobell (ball deliver the quiet Poffeflion of the fai$ 
< Dwelling-Houfe, with the Appurtenances, untp 

* the faid John Brown, or his Afligns, within four- 

* teen Days next after the Date of this Order, an4 

* hereunto Obedience is required accordingly.' 

The Earl of Northumberland, Lord Vifcount Say 

and Self, with the Lords IVbarton and Hunfden* 

were appointed to confider of fuch Lords as ftialj 

P 2 have 

228 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. h ave Letters written to them, to defire their Attend - 
l66o> ance on this Houfe. To meet prefently in the 
^^^ Prince's Lodgings. 

The Lord Wbartan reported the Names of thofe 
Lords, and likewife a Draught of the Letter, which 
were read and agreed to, viz. 

My Lord, 

c TT Am commanded by the Houfe of Peers, hereby 
' J^ to, fignify their Pleafures, that you do repair 
' to attend the Houfe with what convenient Speed 
' you can : And fo reft 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servant, 
MANCHESTER, Speaker pro Tempore. 

The Earls of Northumberland, Suffolk, and Man- 
be/hr,.Vlfcount Say-&nd Sele, ajid the Lords Hunf~ 
den, Grey de- JVerk, *nd Maynard, were appointed 
by the Houfe to go to the Lord-General Monke to 
deliver this MefTage to him, from the Lords in Par- 
liament, and the Earl of Mancbejler, Speaker, was 
to fpeak it, viz. . , 

rip HE Peers in Parliament, a'flembletj, have 
_J_ commanded me to own your Lordfliip's 
Valour and Prudence in managing the great Affairs 
intrufted to you ; and they likewife return your 
Lorclfhip their 'Acknowledgements for the Care and 
Refpe&s. which you- have exprefled to the Peers, 
in reftoring them to their antient and undoubted 
Rights. And they hope that God 'will ftill blefs 
you in the Ufe of all Means for the' procuring a fafe 
and well-grounded Peace, according to the antient 
fundamental Government of this Nation, wherein 
they (hall employ their Councils and utmoft Endea- 
vours in Concurrence with you.' 

. Ptft Meridiem. 
PRAYER'S by Mr. Rood. 

Domini prefentes fuervnt, 

The Earl of Mancbefter, Speaker pro Tempore, 

The Earls f Nertlwmhrland, Lincoln^ Suffolk, &c, 

*" Or-. 

Of E N G L A N D. 229 

Ordered, That Dr. Reynolds and Mr. Hardy are Inter-regnum. 
appointed to preach before the Lords on Monday 1660. 
next, being the Faft-Day ; and that the Houfe be ^"""T^T J 
called To-morrow.' 

Die Jovisj viz. 26 Die jfpri/is, 1660. 

PRAYERS by Air. Hodges. 

Domini prefentcs fuarunt, 

The Earl of Manchefttr, Speaker pro Tempore, . 
The Earls of Northumberland ', Pembroke^ Lincoln^ 

The Meflengers fent Yefterday to the Houfe cf 
Commons return with this Anfwer, That they 
concur with this H'oufe in keeping Monday next a 

* Ordered, That Francis Tyton and Jubn Ma- 
cocke arc appointed to be Printers to this Houfe, .up- 
on fuch Conditions as the Clerk of the Parliament 
ftiall think fit.' 

'* Ordered, That the antient'Order of this .Houfe 
be revived for the Lords to pay corning after Pray- 
ers, viz* every Earl 2s. and every Baron is.' 

The Earls of Northumberland, Lincoln , Dorfet, 
cff-r. were ordered to prepare an Ordinance in pur- 
fuance of the Vote made Yefterday by this Houfe, 
concerning the Lord-General Monke. Their Lord- 
fhips, or any four of them, to . meet To-morrow 
Morning at iii^ht of the Clock, and Mr. Rich and 
Mr. Eltonhead to b'e Ailiftants. 

The Roll of the' ftanding Orders of this Hufs 
was read. 

The Earl of Manchefter reported that his Lord-' 
fhip and the reft of the Lords Committees delivered 
to General Monke what this Houfe'' had dire6ted 
Yefterday; and the General exprefled himfclf to 
this Effeci : ' That he took it for a great Honour and 
Civility from the Houfe of Peers ; and faid he would 
be ready to carry on all Things that tend to the 
Safety and Settlement of this Nation; and defir'd that 
P 3 their 

30 9?> g Parliamentary Hist oftir 

eir Lordfhips would be pleafed to look forward anil 
not backward, in tranfa&ing of Affairs.' 

April< A Meflage was brought From the Houfe of Com* 

mons by James Herbert, Efq; who faid he was com- 
manded by the Knights, Citizens, artd Burgefles of 
the Houfe of Commons in Parliament aflembled, to 
acquaint this Houfe, that they have refolved that 
this Day Fortnight be fet apart for a Day of Thankf- 
giving to the Lord, for railing up his Excellency the 
Lord-General, and other eminent Perfons who have 
been inftrumental in the Delivery of this Nation 
from Thraldom. 

Alfo that they have 1 refolved, That this Day Fort- 
night be the Day fet apart for a Day of Thankfgi- 
ving for that Houfe, and within the Cities of London 
and Weftminjler, and late Lines bf Communication; 
and this Day Month for the whole Nation. 

To all which the Houfe of Commons defire their 
IfOrdfhipS Concurrence. 

The Anfwer returned to this Meflage from the 
Houfe of Commons was, That the Lords do, with 
thankful Hearts, acknowledge God's great Mercy iri 
delivering them out of their long Thraldom, Con- 
fufion, and Mifery, and do fully concur with you 
in fetting apart thofe public Days of Thankfgiving. 

Ordered, That thefe Votes be forthwith printed 
and publifhed.' 

4 Ordered, That Mr. Henry Barhr, Deputy to 
Valentine Willis, Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, 
be admitted to fit in this Houfe as an Afliftant, it 
appearing to this Houfe, by Patent under the Great 
Seal of England^ granted by the late King, that the 
laid Mr. Willis had a good Title to the faid Office, 
and had Power to make a Deputy. 

Die Veneris, viz. 27 Die Apr His, 1660. 
PRAYERS by Mr. Hodges. 

Domini prefentes fuerunt, 

The Earl of Mancbefter, Speaker pro Tempers, 

The Earls of Oxen, Northumberland^ Derby, o*. 


Of E N G L A N D. 231 

e Ordered, That Mr. Hodges is appointed to preach 
before the Lords, the next Day of Thankfgiving, in 
the Abbey Church.' 

Signification being given to the Houfe, that divers 
Lords were in the Lobby, ready to attend the Ser- 
vice of this Houfe, having never fat in Parliament 
lince the Death of their Anceftors, the Houfe gave 
the Gentleman Ufher Authority to call them in to 
fit in their Places in this Houfe. The Names of the 
aforefaid Lords were, the Earls of Oxon, Derby^ 
and Stafford^ Lord VifcountConway, and the Lords 
Cromwell^ Gerrard, Tenham, and Capell. 

' Ordered, That the Speaker of this Houfe do 
write feveral and refpective Letters to, the Earls of 
Leicejter, Bedford, and Clare, and Lord Paget, to 
give their Attendance on this Houfe as Peers.' 

The Earls of Oxon, Northumberland, Rutland,&c. 
were ordered to frame an Ordinance for the confli- 
tuting of a Committee of Safety of both Houfes, and 
to report the fame to this Houfe. Their Lordmips, 
or any four, to meet when they pleafe. 

4 Refolved, That the Earl of Manchefter is here- 
by nominated and appointed one of the Commif- 
fioners of the Great Seal of England, and to fend to 
the Houfe of Commons for their Concurrence.' 

Lords Committees appointed to confider of the 
Privileges of this Houfe, viz. Earls of Oxon, Nor- 
thumberland, Derby, &c. Their Lordfhips, or any 
nine of them, to meet in the Prince's Lodgings when 
they pleafe, and to adjourn from Time to Time, as 
they fhall fee Caufe. 

' Ordered, That it is referred to the Lords Com- 
mittees for Privileges to confider of the different 
Cafes of thofe Lords that have late come. to fit in 
this Houfe, and thofe that do not; and alfo what Af- 
fiftants that formerly fat in this Houfe, and arc now 
alive and capable of being admitted, to be Afliftants 
to this Houfe.' 

' Ordered, That a Conference be had with the 
Houfe of Commons, to confider of fome Way and 
Means to be found out to make up the Breaches and 
Diftracliorrs of .this Kingdom. This Conference 



r-Wghnih. to be on Txefday Morning next in the Painted* 

Chamber :' And the Earls of 0#0, Northumberland^ 

VJ]"*^ Bedford, &c. were appointed to confider and drav* 

up Heads for this Conference. Their Lordfhips, of 

any feven of them, to meet To-morrow in the* 

Prince's Lodgihgs at Nine of the Clock. 

A Meflage was fent to the Houfe of Commons, 
by Mr. Rich and Mr. Eltonhead^ to defire a Confe- 
rence on Tuefday Morning next, at Ten of the 
Clock, in the Painted-Chamber, in order to the Set- 
tlement of the great Affairs of this Kingdom. 


Die Luna, viz. 30 Die Aprilis^ i66o> 

PRAYERS by Mr. Reynolds. 

Domini prefentes fuerunt, 

The Earl of Manchefter, Speaker pro Tempore t 

The Earls of Bedford, Pembroke, Lincoln, &c. 

' Ordered, That the Lords of this Houfe do re- 
Ceive Sacrament in the Abbey- Church of Wcftmin* 
Jier; and, as concerning the Time, it is referred to 
the Committee of Privileges to confider of it, and 
report the fame to this Houfe.' 

* Ordered, That the Lady Suffex and her Chil- 
dren fball have a Pafs to go into France for their 
Health, with their Servants and neceflary Attend- 
ants, and fuch Horfes as are convenient for their 

The Lords, before they went to the Faft- Ser- 
mons, made a Collection for the Poor, which was to 
be diftributed as the Houfe fhould thereafter appoint* 

Then the Lords went from this Houfe together, 
in their Order, to keep the Faft in the Abbey- 

epdings of The 'Journals of the Houfe of Commons begin 

Houie of W 5th acquainting us, That, on the Day of their 

. Meeting, the Members of that Houfe firft went to 

Margaret's Church, Weftminfter, to hear a Sermon, 

and then repaired to their own Houfe ; where, on a 

Motion made by Mr. Pierepoint, \T HarbottleGrim- 

fan was chofen Speaker, and placed in the Chair by 


Of E N G L A N D. 233 

the Lord-General Monke, Mr. Holies, and the faid 
Mr. Pier f point. Next William Je/cp, Efq; James 
Northfolk, Efq; and Ralph Darnall^ Efq; were cho- 
fen Clerk, Serjeant at Arms, and Clerk-Affiftant, of 
the Commons Houfe of Parliament. 

The Clerk of the Crown attended with a Book, 
containing an Account of the Members chofen to 
ferve in this prefent Parliament, by which the Houfe 
was called over; and thofe Members who were pre- 
fent did, upon their Naming, withdraw into the 
Committee Chambers and Gallery above. After- 
wards, when the Book was gone through, they re- 
turned and took their Places in the Houfe. 

On a Meflage from the Lords, the Houfe agreed 
to hold a Faft on Monday the joth ; and that Mr. 
Calamy^ Dr. Gauden, and Mr. Baxter, be defired to 
aflift in carrying on the Work of Fafting and Hu- 
miliation, on that Day, at Margaret's Church, 
IVeJlminfter, in order to feek the Lord for a Blef- 
ilng on thefe diftra&ed Nations. So long did the 
canting Expreflions of the former Zealots continue 
in Ufe. 

A large Committee for Privileges and EleSions 
XVas appointed, with full Powers for that Purpofe. 

' Ordered, That all Perfons who will queftion 
Elections now returned, do it within fourteen Days, 
and fo on within the fame Time, after any new Re 

lurn. A Day of Thankfgiving to the Lord was 

appointed, for raifmg up his Excellency the Lord- 
General, and other eminent Perfons, who have been 
inftrumental in the Delivery of this Nation from 
Thraldom and Mifery. May the loth to be the 
Day, and that the Lords Concurrence be defired 
herein.' Ordered, alfo, ' That Mr. Price, the Lord- 
GeneraPs Chaplain, (Author of the Hiftory fo of- 
ten quoted) be defired to carry ort the Work of 
Thankfgiving, before this Houfe, at Margaret's 


fa The General was e'efted a Member, tinanirrtoufly. !iy the Uni- 
Verfity of Cambridge ; which Honour, Dr. Gamble fays, he ever re- 
membered with Thankfulnefs. But being at the fame Time re- 
turned one of the Knights of the Shiie for the County of Devon, he 
cnofe to feprefent the latter as his native Country. 

i>r, GtanJ/ir'e <LJfc ol General Mon'te, p. aS8 

234 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

jnter-regnnm. Church, Weftminfter ; and that Dr. Clargis do give 

1660. h^ >J tice thereof.' 

^p^p-' * Refolved, That his Excellency the Lord-General 
Monke have the Recognition, Acknowledgement, 
and hearty Thanks of this HoUfe, for his eminent 
and unparallel'd Services done to thefe Nations. 
Accordingly the Speaker gave the Thanks of the 
Houfe to the Lord -General, ftanding in his Place, 
to the Effect following: 

Solemn Thanks ' That he was commanded by this Houfe to take 
givm to General Notice of his eminent Services, his Wifdom being 
Mmke. fuch, and God having fo bleffed him in his great 

Affairs, that he hath made a Conqueft of thofe who 
are Enemies and difaffe&ed to the Government, 
Happinefs, and Welfare of this Church and State* 
without a bloody Nofe : That this hath much ad- 
vanced the Honour of his Services, having been ef- 
fected without the Expence of Blood or Treafure, 
of both which the Nation had been fo much ex- 
haufted, that nothing but a Neceflity could rationally 
have fatisfied any Man to draw out more : That his 
Lord(hip hath been our Phyfician, and hath cured 
us with his Lenitives : That Statues have heretofore 
been fet up for Perfons meriting much of their Coun- 
try ; but his Lordfhip hath a Statue fet up higher, 
and in another Place, as high as may be, in the 
Hearts of all Well- wi (hers to the Good of this Na- 
tion, and a Crown of Glory, he doubts not, laid up 
for him in Heaven : That God hath made him 
inftrumental, by his helping Hand, to keep the Na- 
tion from finking, when no Way was reprefented 
to our Underftanding, whence Deliverance fhould 
arife ; fo that God's raifing him up, accompanying, 
blefling, and aflifting him in his Counfels, in fuch 
fort as to accomplifn his Work to that Height, can- 
r.ot be otherwife owned by thofe that look upon him, 
and his Actions, than as a Miracle : And therefore, 
in the Name of the Houfe, he returns to his Lord- 
fhip the hearty Thanks of this Houfe ; adding, he 
was fure his Lord {hip would beiieve it if he had not 
laid fo.' 


Of N G L A N D. 235 

Then it was refolved, That Col. Ingoldfoy (hould in 
have the Thanks of the Houfe, for his former and ^1660. 
late great and eminent Services done for this Nation, T*T 
which the Speaker accordingly gave him to the Ef- 
fect following : 

That he is commanded by the Houfe to take 
Notice of his former Services, and of his late Action, 
wherein God hath made him inftrumental to do fo 
great and eminent a Service to the Nation, for which 
he returns him their hearty Thanks ; having made 
him as high in Favour as he is in his own Merit> 
for adventuring himfelf fo far in the public Caufe j 
and that the Houfe's good Acceptance thereof is the 
more valuable, being taken Notice of on the fame 
Day with the great Services performed for the Na- 1 
lion by his Excellency the Lord-General/ 

April 27. The Houfe of Commons did nothing 
material on this Day, but hear a Report from the 
Committee of Privileges and Elections, concerning 
feveral double Returns, &c. at the End of which it 
was ordered, That the great Bufinefs, touching the 
Settlement of thefe Nations, be taken into Confi- 
deration on Tuejday the firft of May next, at Eight 
o'Clock j to which Day the Houfe adjourned itfelf, 
referving Power to all Committees to fit and acfc in 
the mean Time, notwithstanding this Adjournment. 

During this fhort Interval of the Commons, for A fho 
the Lords did not adjourn at all, there happened an dote - 
Affair, which Dr. Price hath given us, and is a 
Piece of fecret Hiftory very neceflary to be known 
previous to their next Meeting. This Author tells 
us, ' That, in this (hort Recefs, the General and 
Sir John Grenville confulted together about the De- 
ivery of his Meflagc, Letters, faff, from his Majefty 
to both Houfes. That which was fuperfcribed to 
the General, to be by him communicated to the 
Army and Council of State, was, by his Appoint- 
ment, delivered to him at the Door of the Council- 
Chamber, where Grenvllle attended, and into which, 
as Col. Birch, one of the Members of it, was en- 
tering, GrtttvjBii requefted him (but unknown) that 


236 The Parliamentary His TOR V 

!nttr-regnum. he might fpeak with my Lord-General ; who, upon 
1660. Birch's Intimation, came to the Door, and there, in 

V ^V7"*' tne Sight of his Guards attending, received Gren- 
ville's Letters, but not with much Regard either to 
his Perfon or his Bufinefs ; of which the General 
ieemed to underftand fomewhat by the Seal, and 
afked him if he would ftay there till he had his An- 
fwer, otherwife his Guards fhould fecure him, com- 
manding them to look to him; So his Excellency 
produceth his Letters to the Council of State, Gren- 
vi/le is fent for in, and Birch protefted that he neither 
knew the Gentleman nor his Bufinefs. The Lord - 
Prefident of the Council examined Grenville from 
whence thofe Letters came, whofe they were, and 
how he came by them, (for as yet they were not- 
opened) he told the Prefident that the King, his 
Mafter, gave him them with his own Hands at Bre- 
da : So the opening of them was deferred till the 
Parliament fat. Grenville was to have been fent 
into Cuftody, but the General was his Bail, who 
faid he knew the Gentleman, (being his near Kinf- 
man) and would take his Parole to appear before 
the Parliament.' 

It is eafy to fee by this Quotation from the Re- 
verend Author, which we have given verbatim, that 
the General had thought it his Intereft to carry on 
the Delufion to the laft. But now, he adds, the 
Mankes Hood was to be taken off, and the General 
was to declare his Attachment to the King and 
Royal Family in full Parliament. How far this 
Chicanery was commendable we fhall not deter- 
mine ; 'tis plain he gained his Point quite thro' by 
the deeped Diffimulation, and waded thro' feme very 
dirty Ways to come at it. But, if we may believe 
our Reverend Writer, his Mafter defigned to have 
played a nobler Game, if this he was ading fhould 
be circumvented. t For, on Lambert's Efcape, and 
his taking the Field, he fent for Sir'Jobn Grenville , 
and told him, ' That if Col. Ingoldfby was beaten, 
and the Army went over to follow Lambert, he was 
rcfolved then to put off his Difguife, declare the 

Of E N G L A N D. 237 

King's Commiflion, own it for the Authority by inter-enu. 
which he adted, and commiffion the Royal Party l66 - 
into Arms in all Places throughout England, Scot- < *""T V "T*"^ 
land, and Ireland ; Wherefore he required Sir "John 
to attend him, and receive Orders from him for his 
Majefty's Service. 

'*A\ * * '* * i ' * * v 

But Providence directed the King's Return by 
milder Ways ; for, on the firft of May, when the 
two Houfes were met, after the Lords had done 
fome other Bufmefs, and ordered a Call of their 
Houfe to be on the ^d Jnftant, they were informed, 
That there was a Gentleman, Sir John Grenville, 
in the Lobby, who had a Letter to deliver to this 
Houfe from the King ; the Houfe thereupon was 
adjourned during Pleafure, and the Speaker was 
appointed to go to the lower End of this Houfe, and 
receive it at the Hands of the MefTenger. 

The Houfe being refumed, the Speaker reported, 
That Sir John Grenville delivered to him a Letter, 
which he faid he received from the King, his Mailer, 
to deliver to the Houfe of Peers. Hereupon the 
Houfe commanded the faid Letter, with a Declara- 
tion inclofed therein, to be read twice; which was 
done accordingly, and are as follow : 

To the SPEAKER of the Houfe of PEERS, and to 
the LORDS there affembled, 


Right Trufty and Right Well-beloved Coufms, and 
Right Trufty and Well-beloved, we Greet you 
.well : 

cannot have .a better Reafon to promife our- The King's I,?*, 
f elf an End of our common Sufferings and Ctf-ter to the HQ^;? 
/amities, and thai cur own jujl Power and Authority 01 Peers> 
will t with God's Elejjing, be reftored to us, than that 
we hear you are <?gain acknowledged to have that Au- 
thority and Jurifdifiion which bath always belonged 
to you by your: Birth, and the Fundamental Laws of 
the Land : And we have thought it very Jit and fafe 
for us to (all to you for your Jdelp in the cumpojjng the 

238 *Fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

later- rgnum. confounding Diftempers and Dijiraftions of the King* 
1660, d em ^ j n which your Sufferings are next to thofe wt 

^^~^~r ~~* have undergone oyrfelf; and therefore you cannot but 
1 * be the mo ft proper Counfellors for removing thofe Mif- 
(hiefs, and for preventing the like for the future* 
How great a Truft we repofe in you, for the procu- 
ring and ejlablijhing a blej/ed Peace and Security for 
the Kingdom , will appear to you by our inclofed De- 
claration ; which Truft, we are moft confident, you 
will discharge with that "Juftice and Wifdom that 
becomes ynu, and mujl always be expetled from you j 
and that, upon your Experience how one Violation 
Jucceeds another, when the known Relations and Rules 
efjujlice are once tranfgreffid, you will be as jealous 
for ike Rights of the Crown, and for the Honour of 
your King, as for yourfelves, and then you cannot but 
difcharge your Truft with good Succefs, end provide 
for and eJJailiJh the Peace, Happinefs, and Honour 
of King, Lords, and Commons, upon that Founda- 
tion which can only fupport it, and we jhall be all 
happy in each other : And as the whole Kingdom will 
blefs God for you all, fo we Jhall hold ourfelf ebliged t 
in an efpecial Manner, to thank you in particular, ac- 
cording to the dffettion you Jhall exprefs towards us. 
We need the lefs enlarge to you upon this SubjetJ, be- 
caufe we have likewife writ to the Houfe of Commons* 
which we fuppofe they iviil communicate to you ; and 
we pray Gad to blefs your joint Endeavours for the 
Good of us all : And fo we bid you very heartily 
Farewell, Given at our Court at Breda, this ^ Day 
of April, 1660, in the twelfth Year of our Reign. 

His Majefty's Declaration from Breda to all hif, 
loving Subje&s, inclofed in the foregoing. 


Hi. Majefty*, /CHARLES, by the Grace of God, 


| lvi ^ Scotlan(J} FrancCj ^ Infa*, Defender 
of the Faith, &c. To all cur loving Subjefts, of 
what Degree or Quality foever, Greeting. 

If the general Diflraffion and Ccnfufian which h 
resd over the whole Kingdom^ doth net awaken 


Of E N G L A N D. 239 

all Men to a Defire and Longing that thofe Wounds, Inter-regnum. 
which have fo many Tears together been kept bleeding, l66o 
may le bound up, all we can fay will be to no Pur- ** '""v"^- 1 ' 
pofe j however, after this long Silence, we have thought 
it our Duty to declare how much we dejire to contri- 
bute thereunto ; and that as ive can never give ever 
the Hope, in good Time, to obtain the PoJJeJfion of that 
Right which God and Nature hath made our Due ; 
fo we do make it our daily Suit to the Divine Provi- 
dence, that he will, in Compajffion to us and our Sub- 
jetls, after fo long Mifery and Bufferings, remit, and. 
put us into a quiet and peaceable PoJJejJion of that our 
Right, with as little Blood and Damage to our People 
as is pojjible ; nor do we dejire more to enjoy what is 
ours, than that all our Subjefts may enjoy what by 
Law is theirs, by a full and entire Adminiftration of 
"Juftice throughout the Land, and by extending our 
Mercy where it is wanted and deferved. 

And to the End that the Fear of Punijhment may 
not engage any confcious to themfelves of what is pa ft, 
to a P erf ever ance in Guilt for the future, by oppofmg 
the )uiet and Happinefs of their Country, in the Re- 
Jloration both of King, Peers, and People to their 
juft, antient, and Fundamental Rights, we do, by 
thefe Prefents, declare, That we do grant a free and 
general Pardon, which we are ready, upon Demand^ 
to pafs under our Great Seal of England, to all our 
Subjects, of what Degree cr Duality j a ever, who, 
within forty Days after the publi/bing hereof, Jhall lay 
hold upon this cur Grace and Favour, and Jhall, by 
any public Afl, declare their doing fo, and that they 
return to the Loyalty and Obedience of good Subjects -, 
excepting only fuch Per fens as foa'l hereafter be ex- 
cfpted by Parliament, thofe only to be exempted. Let all 
our Subjects, how faulty foevcr, rely upon the Word 
fif a King, j'olemnly given by this prefent Declaration, 
*Tbat no Crime whatfoevcr, committed againjl us or our 
Royal Fatter before the Publication of this, Jhall ever 
rife in judgment, cr be brought in ^uejlicn, againft 
any of them, to the hajl Endamagement of them, either 
in their Lives, Liberties, or E/tates, or (as far forth 
as lift in onr Power) fo much as to the Prejudice of 



240 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter- regnum. their Reputations, by any Reproach or Term of Di~ 

1660.. ftinftion from the reft of our bejl Subjects j we de- 

**"T v T~' lJ firing and ordaining, that henceforth all Notes of Dif- 

cord, Separation, and Difference of Parties be utterly 

abolijhed among all our Subjects, whom we invite and 

conjure to a per f eft Union among themf elves, under our 

ProteStion^ for the Re-fettlement of our jujl Rights 

and theirs, in a Free Parliament, by which, upon the 

Word of a King, we wilt be advifed. 

And becaufe the PaJJion and Uncharitablenefs of the 
Times have produced feveral Opinions in Religion, by 
which Men are engaged in Parties and, Animofities 
again/I each other, (which, when they Jhall hereafter 
unite in a Freedom of Converfation, will be compofed^ 
or better under/load) we do declare a Liberty to tender 
Consciences, and that no Man Jball be difquieied or 
called in ^uejlion, for Differences of Opinion in 
Matter of Religion, which do not dijlurb the Peace 
f the Kingdom ; and thai we Jhall be ready to con- 
ent to fuch an Aft of Parliament, cs, upon mature 
Deliberation, Jhall be offered to us, for the full grant- 
ing that Indulgence* 

And becaufe, in the continued Dijlrafiion: offo many 
Years, and fo many and great Revolutions, many 
Grants and Purchafes of Ejlates have been made to, 
and by, many Officers, Soldiers,- and others ; who are 
now pojfejfid of the fame, and who may be liable to 
Actions at Law upon feveral Titles, we are like- 
wife willing that all fuch Differences, and all Things 
relating to fuch Grants, Sales, and Purchafes, Jhall 
be determined in Parliament ; which can bejt provide 
for the juft Satisfaction of all Men who are concerned. 
And we do further declare, That we will be ready 
to confent to c.ny AcJ or Affs of Parliament to'' the 
Purpofes aforefaid, and for the full Satisfaction of 
all Arrears due to the Officers and Soldiers of the Ar- 
my under the Command of General Monks ; and that 
they Jhall be received into our Service upon as good 
Pay and Conditions as they now enjoy. 

Given under our Sign Manual and Privy-Signet, 
at our Court at Breda, this ^ Day of April, 
i(?6o, in tUc twelfth Year of our Reign. 


Of ENGLAND. 241 

May i, In the Houfe of Commons, Mr. Annejley Inter-regnam, 
reported from the Council of State, a Letter from l66o< 
the King, unopened, directed To our Trufty and Well- *~ J " r 7, v ~ 
beloved General Monlce, to be communicated to the Pre- 
fident and Council of State.) and to tbt Officers of the 
Armies under his Command* being received from the 
Hands of Sir John Grenville. 

The Houfe being informed that Sir John Gren- 
ville, a MefTenger from the King, was at the Door, 
it was refolved that he fhould be called in ; which 
being done, and he at the Bar, after QbejfancQ 
made, faid, 

' Mr. Speaker, I am commanded by the King, 
my Mafter, to deliver this Letter to you, and his 
Defires that you would communicate it to the 

The MefTenger being withdrawn, the Letter was 
read to the Jtipufe by Mr, Speaker, and was as fol- 
lows ; 

To our Right Trufty and Well-beloved the 
SPEAKER of the Houfe of COMMONS, 

Trufty and Well-beloved, we greet you well. 
TN thefe great and infupportable dffilttions and Ca~ A Letter to thg, 
* lamities under which the pocr Nation haih been fo Houfc of C 
long exercifed, and by which it is fo near exkaujled t ^ f ' 9IIi 
live cannot think of a more, natural and proper Reme- 
dy, than to refort to thofe for Council and Advice. , who 
have feen and obferved the firft Beginning of our Ml-* 
/fries, the Progrefs from bad to worfe, and the Ali- 
jlakes and Mifunderjlandings which have produced. 
and contributed to Inconveniences which were not in- 
tended \ and after fo many Revolutions , and the Ob~ 
fsrvation of what hath attended them, are now trufted. 
by our good Subjefls to repair the Breaches which are 
wade, and to provide proper Remedies for thofe Evils^ 
find for the lajiing Peace, Happinefs, and Sfcwify cf 
the Kingdom, 

We do ajjiire you, upon our Royal Word, that nonq 
cf cur PredeceJJors have had a greater Ejlecm of Par ^ 
liaments than we have ; in cur "Judgment > ffs well as 

VPL. XXII. ^ f, m 

242 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regmim. from cur Obligation, we do believe them to be fo vital 
1660. a p ar t O f the Conjiitution of the Kingdom, and fo ns- 

v \^ J cejjary for the Government of it, that -we well know 9 
^ ay * neither Prince nor People can be, in any tolerable De- 
gree, happy without them : And therefore you may be 
confident, that we Jha II always look upon their Counfels 
as the bejl we can receive ; and Jhall be as tender of 
their Privileges, and as careful to preferve and pro- 
tet them, as of that which is moft near to ourfelf, and 
mojl necejfary for our own Prejervation. 

And as this is our Opinion of Parliaments, that 
their Authority is mojl nccejfary for the Government 
of the Kingdom, fo we are mojl confident that you be- 
lieve and find, that the Preservation of the King's 
Authority is as necejfary for the Prefervation of Par- 
liaments ; and that it is not the Name, but the right 
Conjiitution of them, which can prepare and apply 
proper Remedies for thofe Evils which are grievous" 
to the People, and which can thereby eftablijb their 
Peace and Security : And therefore we have not the 
haft Doubt but that you will be as tender in, and as 
jealous of, any thing that may infringe our Honour, or 
impair cur Authority, as of your own Liberty and 
Property, which is bejl preferved by preferving the 

Haw far we have tru/led you in this great AJfair^ 
and how much it is in ycur Power to reftore the Na- 
tion to all that it hath lojl, and to redeem it from any 
Infamy it hath undergone, and to ?nake King and 
People as happy as they ought to be, you will find by 
our inch fed Declaration, a Copy of which we have 
iikewife fent to the Houfe of Peers k : And you will 
eaftly believe that ^v^ would not voluntarily, and of 
ourfelf, have repofed fo great a Trujl in you, but upon 
an entire Confidence that you will not abufe it, and that . 
you will proceed in fitch a Manner, and with fuch due 
Confederation of 'us who have trufled you, thatwejhall 
not he ajhamed of declining other Ajjiftance, (which 
we have AJJitrance of) and repairing to you for more 
natural and proper Re?ne dies for the Evils we would 
be freed from j nor ferry that we have bound up our 

k Given before at p, 238, 

Of E N G L A N D. 243 

t>wn Intereft fo intirely with that of our Subjects, as Inter-rcgnum 

that we refer it to the fame Perjons to take Care of J ^ 6 ' 

us, who are trufted to provide for them. We look **~~M~~* 

upon you as wife and difpaffionate Men, and good 

Patriots, . who will raife up thofe Banks and Fences 

which have been caft down, and whs will me ft reafon- 

ably hope, that the fame Profperity vjill again jpring 

from thofe Roots from which it hath heretofore and 

always grown. Nor can we apprehend that you will 

propofe any thing to us, or expett any thing from us y 

but that ive are as ready to give as you to receive. 

If you defire the Advancement and Propagation of 
the Protejiant Religion, ^ve have, by our con/iant 
Profejfion and Practice of it, given fujfi dent Tc/iimo- 
ny to the florid, that neither the \JnkindneJs cf thofe 
of the fame Faith towards us, nor the Civilities and 
Obligations from thofe of a contrary Profejfion, (of 
loth which we have had abundant Evidence) could in 
the leaji Degree Jlartle us, or make us fwerve from it. 
jind nothing can be propojed to manifeft our Zeal and 
jtffefiion for it, to which we will not readily confent. 
And we hope in due Time ourfelf to propafe j'omewhat 
to you for the Propagation of it, that will fatisfy the 
(1/orld that we have always made it both our Care and 
cur Study, and have enough obferved what is mo ft like 
to bring Disadvantage to it, 

If you defire Security for thofe, who, in thefe cala- 
mitous Times, either wilfully or weakly have tranf- 
grejjed thofe Bounds which were prejcribed, and have 
invaded each other's Rights, we have left to ycu to pro- 
vide for their Security and Indemnity, and in fuch a 
Way as you Jhall think ju/i and reafonabie ; and, l>y a 
jujl Computation of what Men have done andfuffered, 
as near as is pojfible, to take Care that all Men be fa- 
tisfied', which is the furejl Way to fupprefs and extir- 
pate all fuch Uncharitablenefs and Animofity, as might 
hereafter Jhake and threaten that Peace, which, for the 
prefent, might feem eftablljhed. If there be a crying 
Sin, for which the Nation may be involved in the In- 
famy that attends it, we cannot doubt but that yon 
will be as follicitous to redeem and vindicate the Na- 
tion frsm that Guilt and Infamy as i'je can l>e, 

244 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

If you defire that Reverence and Obedience may be 
paid to the Fundamental Laws of the Land, and that 
"Juftice may be equally and impartially adminijlered to 
ay ' all Men, it is that which we defers to be /worn to our- 
felf, and that all Perfons in Power, and Authority 
JJjould be fo too. 

In a Word; there is nothing that you can propofe? 
that may make the Kingdom happy , which we will not 
contend with you to compafs ; and, upon this Confidence 
and AJJurance, we have thought Jit to fend you this 
Declaration, that you may, as much as is pojjible, at 
this Dijlance, fee our Heart ; which when God Jhall 
bring us nearer together ', (as we hope he will do Jhort- 
ly} will appear to you very agreeable to what we have 
prcfejfid. And we hope that we have made that right 
Chrijlian Ufe of our Affliction, and that the Obferva- 
tion and Experience we have had in other Countries 
bath been fuch, as that we, and we hope all our Sub- 
jefls, Jhall be the better for what we have feen and 

We Jhall add no more but our Prayers to Almighty 
God) that he will fo blefs your Counfels, and direSl 
your Endeavours, that his Glory and fVorjhip may be 
provided for, and the Peace, Honour , and Happinefs 
of the Nation may be eftabltjhed upon thofe Founda- 
tions which can beji fupport it. (And fo we bid you 
farewell. Given at our Court at Breda this -^th Day 
of April, 1660, in the Twelfth Year of our Reign. 

After reading the foregoing, with the Declaration 
inclofed, the following Letter from his Majefty to 
General Monkevns allb read. 

To ourTrufly and Well-beloved General MONKE, 
to be by him communicated to the PRESIDENT 
and COUNCIL of STATE, and to the OFFICERS 
of the ARMIES under his Command. 

Trudy and Well-beloved, we greet you well. 
To Gsn. Rhr.Z: jT cannot be believed but that we have been, are* 
and the Council-' and ever mujl be, as follicitcus as we can, by all 
Uh;> EndeevmrS) to impnve the A/eft'ions of our good 


Q/* ENGLAND 245 

SubjecJs at home, and to procure the Ajfiftance of our inter-regnum, 
Friends and Allies abroad ', for the Recovery of that 1660. 
Right, which, by the Laws of God and Man, is un~ ^ v -^ 
questionable, and of which we have been fo long dif- ay< 

poffejfid by fuch Force, and with thofe Cir cum/lances^ 
os we do not defire to aggravate by any Jharp Expref- 
fions ; but rather wijh that the Memory of what is 
pajl may be buried to the World. That we have more 
endeavoured to prepare and to improve the Affections of 
our Subjects at home for our Rejl oration, than to pro~ 
cure AJJijlance from abroad to invade either of our 
Kingdoms, is as manifejl to the World : And we can- 
not give a better Evidence that we are ftill of the 
fume Mind than in this Conjuncture, when common 
Reafon muft fatisfy all Men that we cannot be without 
Affiftance from abroad, we chufe rather to fend to you, 
who have it in your own Povjer to prevent that Ruin 
and Defolation which a War would bring upon the 
Nation, and to make the whole Kingdom owe the Peace, 
Happinejs, Security, and Glory it /hall enjoy, to your 
Virtue ; and to acknowledge that your Armies have 
complied with their Obligations for which they were 
fir ft raifed, for the Preservation of the Protejlant 
Religion, the Honour and Dignity of the King, the 
Privileges of Parliament, the Liberty and Property of 
the Subject, and the Fundamental Laws of the Land; 
and that you have vindicated that Truft which others 
moft perfidioujly abufed and betrayed. How much we 
defire and refolve to contribute to thcfe good Ends, ivill 
appear to you by our inclofed Declaration, which we 
defire you to caufe to be publifhed for the Information 
and Satisfaction of all good Sltbje&s, who do not defire 
a further Effufion of precious Chrijlian Blood; but to 
have their Peace and Security founded upon that which 
can only fupport it, an Unity of Affettions amongft 
curfclves, an equal Adminijlration- of 'Jujlice to Men, 
rs/toring Parliaments to a full Capacity of providing 
for all that is amifs, and the Laws of the Land to 
their due Veneration. 

You have been your f elves Witness of fo many Re- 
volutions, and have had jo much Experience how far 
tiny P rue Sand Authority, that is only affumedby Paf- 
0.3 J^ 

246 The Parliamentary HISTORY* 

Inter-regnum. feon and Appetite ) and not fupparted by, It 
1660. from providing for tbe-Happinefs and Peace of the 
" J People, or from receiving any Obedience from them, 
without which no Government can provide for them > 
that you may very reajonably Relieve that God hath not 
been well pleafed with the Attempts that have been 
made,fmce he hath ufually increased the Confufton, by 
giving all the Succefs that hath been dejired, and 
brought that to pafs without Effett, which the De~ 
figners have prcpofed as the beji Means to fettle and 
compife the Nation; and therefore we cannot but hope 
and believe that you will concur with us in the Remedy 
we have applied; which, to human Understanding , it 
only proper for the Ills we all groan under ; and that 
you will make your/elves the blejfed Inftruments to bring 
this Bisffmg of Peace and Reconciliation upon King 
and People, it being the ufual Method in which Di- 
vine Providence dtlighieth itjdf to ufe and fanfJify 
thofe very Means which ill Men defign for the Satif- 
f a El ion of private and particular Ends and Ambition^ 
and other wicked Purposes, to wholefome and public 
Ends, and to eftablijh that Good which is mojl con- 
trary to the Defigners ; which is the greatejl Mani- 
feftation of God's peculiar Kindnejs to a Nation that 
can be given in this World. How far we refolve to 
preferve your Interefls and reward your Services, we 
refer to our Declaration ; and we hope God will in- 
fpire you to perform your Duty to us and to your native 
Country, whofe Happinefs cannot be feparated from 
each other. 

We have intruded our well-beloved Servant Sir 
John Grenville, one of the Gentlemen of cur Bed- 
Chamber, to deliver this unto you, and to give us an 
Account of ) our Reception of it^ and to defer e you, in 
cur Name, that it may be publijked ; and Jo we bid 
you farewell. 

Given at our Court at Br?da this 7 4 4 th of April, 
1660, in the twelfth Year of oar Reign. 
Received May I, 1660. 

Bcfides the foregoing, the following Letter from 
the King was fent to the Lord Mayor, Alder- 

Of E N G L A N D. 247 

men, and Common Council of the City of Lon- Inter-regnum. 
don: 166 - 

To our Trufty and Well-beloved the Lord Mayor, May. 

Aldermen, and Common Council of our City of 



Trufty and Well-beloved, we greet you well. 
TN thefe great Revolutions which of late have hap -To the Lord 
* pened in that our Kingdom, to the Wonder and M *y T and Cit . v 
Amazement of all the World, there is none that we f Lo " J< " t ' 
have looked upon with more Comfort than the Jo-fre- 
quent and public Manifejlations of their Affections to 
us in the City of London, which hath exceedingly 
raifed our Spirits, and which >, no doubt, hath proceeded 
from the Spirit of God, and his extraordinary Mercy 
to the Nation, which hath been encouraged by you, and 
your good Example to ajjert that Government, under 
which it hath fo many hundred Tears enjoyed as great 
Felicity as any Nation in Europe, and to difcounte- 
nance the Imaginations of thoje who would fubjeff our 
Subjects to a Government they have not yet devifed ; 
and, to fatisfy the Pride and Ambition of a few ill 
Men, would introduce the mo ft arbitrary and tyranni- 
cal Power that was ever yet heard of. How long we 
have all fuffered under thofe and the like Devices, all 
the World takes Notice, to the no-fmall Reproach of 
the Englim Nation, which we hope is now providing 
for its own Security and Redemption, and will be ny 
longer bewitched by thofe Inventions. How defer ous ive , 

are to contribute to the obtaining the Peace and Happi* 
nefs of cur Subjects without further Effufion of Blood, 
and hoiv far we are from defiring to recover what be- 
longs to us by a War, if it can be otherwije done, will 
appear to you by the inclofed Declaration ; tvhich, 
together with this our Letter, we have intruded our 
right trujiy and ivell-beloved Coufin the Lord Fifcount 
Mordaunt, and our trujly and well-beloved Servant 
Sir JohnGrenville, Knt. one of the Gentlemen of our 
Bed-Chamber, to deliver to you, to the end that you, 
and all the rejl of our good Subjects of that our City of 
London, (to whom we drfire it Jhould be fublifncd) 

248 ffie Parliamentary 

lAter-regnum. may know bow far we are from the Defire of Rt* 
li 6c ^' t venge, or that the Peace, Happinefs, and Security of 

May, ^ e Kingdom jbould be raifed upon any otbsr Founda>- 
tlon than the Ajfeflion and Hearts of our Subjects* 
and their oivn Confents. ffle have not the leaft Doubt 
of your jujl Senfe of thofe our Condefcenfions, or of 
your Zeal to advance 'fnd promote the fame good End^ 
by difpojing all Men to meet us with the fame Affec- 
tion and Tendernefsy in reftoring the Fundamental 
Laws to that Reverence that is due to them t and upav 
the Preservation whereof all our Happinefs depends : 
And you will have no Reafon to doubt of enjoying your 
full Share in that Happinefs t and of the improving it 
by our particular AffeSlion to you,. It is very natural 
for all Men to do all the Good they can for their native 
Country ) and to advance the Honour of it : And as we 
have that full AffeSlion for the Kingdom in general^ 
fo we would not be thought to be without fame extraor* 
dinary Kindnefs for our native City in particular^ 
which we (hall manifejl en all Occafeons^ net only by 
renewing their Charter^ and confirming all thofe Pri- 
vileges which they have received from eur Predecef*- 
Jors> but by adding and granting any new Favours; 
which may advance the Trade^ Wealth^ and Honour 
cf that our native City ; for which we will be fo Jol~ 
iicitoiiS) that vje doubt not but that it will, in due 
Time, receive fame Benefit and Advantage in all thofa 
RefpeffS) even from our oiun Obfervatien and Expe^ 
rience abroad : And we are moft confident voe jhall never 
be dif appointed in our Expectation of all pojjible Service 
from your Ajfeftions ; and fo we bid you farewell. 
Given at our Court at Breda the ^Vth Day of 
1660, in the twelfth Year of our Reign. 

After reading thefe Letters, with the Declara- 
tion, in the two Houfes, the Lords ordered Sir 
"John Grenville to be called in again, and the Speaker, 
by Direction of the Houfe, gave him Thanks, in their 
Name, for his Care in bringing this gracious Meflage 
from the King. They alfo ordered, That the King's 
Letter to them and the Declaration fhould be forth- 
with printed and publifhed, with this Tide, His Ma- 


Of E N G L A N D. 249 

] fifty' 5 graciduS Lettef and Declaration, fent to the Inter-regnuim 

Houfe of Peers by Sir John Grenville, Knt. Laftly, 

the Lords appointed a Committee to confider of A 

Letter of Thanks to the King for his gracious Mef- 

fage fent, this Day, to the Houfe, and to prefent it 

for their Lordfhips Confideration, 

And now, to do Juftice to the Houfe of Com* 
tnons, we fhall give the Proceedings of that Houffi 
on this Day, as they are entered in their Journals^ 
in which all the further Trarifaclions of the Lords 
are interwoven ; fo that there will be no Occafion 
for Repetitions on that Score. We think it need- 
lefs to make arty Apology for re- printing the King's 
Letters, &c. to both Houfes ; for, tho' they have 
been many Times publifhed, and are extant in al- 
jnoft every Englifn Hiftory of thefe Times, yet 
they are fo confonant to thefe Parliamentary In- 
quiries, as not to be omitted in this Work. They 
are entered, at large, in the Journals of both Houfes j 
and, in the late printed Edition of the Commons* 
the Editors of which have taken Care to give a Simi- 
litude of the King's Hand-writing, on the Top of 
each Letter, in Imitation of the Originals. 

Mr. Rich and Mr. Eltonhead^ Matters of the Chan- 
cery, being fent by the Lords, with a Meflage, defiring 
a Conference with the Commons this Day (May i) 
at Eleven o'Clock, in the Painted-Chamber^ in or- 
der to the Settlement of the great Affairs of the 
Kingdom, the Me/Fengers were called in, and the 
Speaker acquainted them, That the Houfe had con- 
fidered their Meflage, and would return an Anfwer 
by Meflengers of their own. 

Then it was refolved, nem. con. ' That an An- 
fwer be prepared to his Majefty's Letter, exprefling 
the great and joyful Senfe of this Houfe of his gra- 
cious Offers, and their humble and hearty Thanks 
to his Majefty for the fame, with Profeflions of their 
Loyalty and Duty to his Majefty ; and that this 
Houfe will give a fpeedy Anfwer to his Majefty's 
gracious Propofals.' 

Mr. Finch, Mr. Annefe^ Sir Anthony JJbley Coo- 


250 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

er-regnum. p er ^ the Lord-General, Sir William Lewis, Mr. 
Morris, and Mr. Holies, were ordered to prepare the 

It was alfo refolved, nem. con. * That the Sum of 
50,000 /. be prefented to the King's Majefty from 
this Houfe ; and the Committee appointed to draw 
up the Anfwer to the King's Letter were ordered to 
go to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons 
of the City of London, to confider with them how 
the faicl Sum of 50, coo/, may be raifed ; what Se- 
curity they will deiire for the Repayment thereof 
with Interefl after the Rate of 61. per Cent, and to 
offer fuch Security as they fhall think fit, for Re- 
payment thereof to the Perfons who fhall advance 
the fame.' 

* Refolved, That it be referred to the fame Com- 
mittee appointed to confider with the Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London, 
about a further Sum to be raifed and applied for the 
paying of the Army, and to confider how the Arrears 
of the Army may be fatisfied.' 

In our numerous Collection of Pamphlets of thefe 
Times, we meet with a Speech faid to be made by 
an Honourable Member of the Houfe of Commons; 
but neither Name nor Time it was fpoke in is men- 
tioned in the Title. It is only faid to be made on 
the Re-eftablifhment of Kingly Government in this 
Nation ; which, as it was the Topic both Houfes of 
Parliament were then upon, we fhall introduce here ; 
and we believe the Reader will judge with us, that, 
if it was not, it ought to have been fpoke on that 

jl pertinent SPEECH made ly an Honourable Mem- 
ber of the Houfe of Commons, tending to the Efia- 
blijbment of Kingly Government, as the only PFay to 
the fettling of thefe Three dijlrafted Nations in 
their due Rigbts t Privileges, and Immunities a . 
? fcch rein; in Mr. Speaker, 

Cjmmcn" le on ' A ^ wc w ^ were forcibly excluded by the Am- 
Kindy Go van- ,/jL bition of General Cromwell, and his rebel- 


a Lendw, printed, 1660, 

Of E N G L AN D. 251 

lious Army, from fitting in the Houfe, or perform- 
ing thofe Trufts impofed on us by the People, as l66o 
their Repiefentatives in Parliament, ought to acknow- """ 

ledge our Re- invefting as a high Providence of God, 
and look upon it as a gracious Difpenfation of his 
Mercy to us and thefe Three Nations ; fo I think 
it our Duty and Obligation, in anfwer to fuch a Mer- 
cy, to endeavour, to the utmoft of our Power, the 
re-eftablifhing of thefe Nations in Peace and Quiet- 
nefs, and the Settlement of fuch a Government as 
may beft quadrate with the Spirits and Temper of 
the People. 

4 That Viciflitudes and Changes of Government, 
fuch as hath lately been impofed upon us by a Parcel 
of the moft fanatic and mad-brain'd Spirits of the Na- 
tion, do clearly tend to the Ruin of any Kingdom, 
Commonwealth, or Society of Men whatfoever, we 
have lately feen by too fad Experience. Such Chan- 
ges being only the Scourges wherewith God chaftifes 
rebellious Kingdoms, and fuch Spirits only fent 
Into the World to be the Ruin and Diflra&ion of 
thofe Nations they live in. 

I need not at all infift upon our forcible Exclu- 
fion ; thofe Things we refolved on before it ; the So- 
lemn League and Covenant we took to eftablifh 
and defend the King and his Succeflbrs in their 
Eftate ; the many Fallacies and Cheats fince put up- 
on the Nation by thofe, who, under a Pretence of 
Right to eftablifh a Government over them, have 
only endeavoured to maintain their own, or introduce 
others to execute an unjuft, illegal, and arbitrary 
Power over thefe Kingdoms. 

c But, Mr. Speaker, let me fay a little to the pre- 
fent Senfe of the Nation j let us take the Generality 
of the People, even to the very Plowman, (who is 
not pofiefled with a fanatic Spirit) and we {hall 
find that they were now fo highly fenfible of the 
Oppreflions and Burthens laid upon them, that, like 
defperate Men, they are ready to catch at what they 
before difavowed, and gape after the Government 
by a King, which they formerly fo refolutely decla- 
and fought againft ; by fo fad Experience have 


252 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inier-regnum. they learned the Difference between the Governmen t 
1660. fry a Prince and by Peafants : And though they 
e -~v~-- - ' might (if thofe who then pretended themfelves a 
Parliament and the Supreme Authority of the Na- 
tion, had ilruck whilft the Iron was hot) have ac- 
cepted of aGovernment by a Commonwealth, which, 
was then fo highly pretended to be eftablifhed ; yet, 
having now found out the fraudulent Defigns of thofe 
Men, who, under fuch Pretences, endeavoured only 
to perpetuate themfelves in the Government, to en- 
flave the People, intrench upon their Liberties, and 
ingrofs their Eftates, they are wholly revived from 
that fanatic Slumber fo far, that, had God continued 
ilill his Scourge upon this Nation, the Name of a 
Parliament would, e'er 1660 had been paft, have 
grown as odious to the People, who were fufficiently 
gulled with Mock Reprefentatives, as that of a King 
\vas in 1648. And fufficiently odious indeed al- 
ready grown, the whole Nation groaning under their 
Exorbitances, having turned the Scale, and made 
the Name of a King grown fweet again in their 
Mouths, they finding by Experience, that the Go- 
vernment of a King, though tyrannical, is far better 
than the ufurping Tyranny of many Plebeans. 

* Nor, Sir, do the common People only undcrfiand 
their own particular Intereft, but begin to pry into 
a National ; the lawful Heir, who was formerly 
cried up for the common Enemy of England's Peace, 
is now (with as much Applaufe, as before with 
Difgrace) fainted, and now looked upon as the 
only Perfon whofe Re-admiflion to the Crown can 
make thefe Nations happy, and restore them to their 
due Rights, Liberties, and Privileges ; there being 
many, who are now liftened to as Oracles, living to 
recount the Halcyon Days they enjoyed under his 

4 'Tis, Sir, an old Proverb, and has proved as 
true as old, Vex PopuliVox Dei y The general Voice 
of the People is the Oracle by which God declares 
his A/lind ; they are his Prophet by whom he fpeaks : 
What have we then to do ? 'Tis the Voice of God, 
*tis the hearty Defires of the People, 'tis the Intereft 


Of ENGLAND. 253 

of the Nation, 'tis according to our own Oath in inter-regn 
the Solemn League and Covenant : And fhall we, 660. 
when prefs'd by all thefe, ftill refift the Re-admit- 
tance of the lawful Heir to the Crown ? Shall we 
ftill refift our own Intereft ? Shall we ftill deny the 
Cry of the People for Right? Or (hall we further 
provoke the Vengeance of God upon us for thofe 
crying Sins of his Father's Murder and his Expul- 
fion ? 

' But, Mr. Speaker, there are many People, fay 
fome, whofe Interefts are fo oppofite to that of the 
lawful Heir, that they cannot fubfift together: Thefo 
jVlen have bought his, the Bifhop*, Deans and 
Chapters Lands, and have ventured their Lives and 
Fortunes againft him : Nay, it maybe objected, That 
the whole Nation hath been engaged againft him to 
regain their Liberties, and free themfelves from the 
pretended Tyrannies of his Father. But, Sir, did 
the Parliament, when it was free and full, ever 
deem or vote the late King a Tyrant or Traitor ? 
Was his Imprifonment, much lefs his Death, ever 
voted in the Houfe when fo ? Was not the firft ta- 
king up of Arms, under Declaration, to maintain 
the Parliament's Privileges without infringing the 
King's Prerogative? Did we not all unanimoufly 
fwear to maintain the King in his due Rights, to 
bring him back to his Parliament, to fettle him in 
his Throne with Glory ? How comes it then to pafs 
that we, who, when we were excluded the Houfe, 
left a King alive, left a Houfe of Lords (the fecon j 
JEftate of the Kingdom, and which only can com- 
plete a Free Parliament) fitting without a Houfe 
of Commons, full and chofen by the free Votes of 
the People; now, at our Admiffion, find our King 
murdered, our Houfe of Peers excluded, the Houfe 
of Commons reduced to the fifth Part of their duq 
Number, and their numerous Fellow-Members im^ 
peded fitting for eleven Years ? 

' I think, Mr. Speaker, it would not be amifs to 
examine by what Authority thefe Things have been 
dpne. Is it thus that the whole Nation was en-. 


254 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

aged to regain their Liberties ? A fair Hazard : 
Jut what Power had thofe who continued fitting to 
execute this arbitrary Authority ? Which of the 
Fundamental Laws of the Land did inveft them with 
Authority to cut off their King's Head, to degrade 
the Biftiops, to difmherit his Pofterity, to abolifli 
Kingly Government, under which this Nation had 
fo long and happily flourifhed, and to fell the King's, 
Queen's, Princes, Bilhops, Deans and Chapters 
Lands, or rather to enflave themfelves in them, and 
to aci at their Will and Pleafure, tho' to the Ruin 
of the Nation ? 

* The Law allows any Man to take his own 
Goods where he finds them, though bought by the 
then Pofleffor : Why fhould not then thofe Men, 
who have bought thofe Lands which were, in Ef- 
fect, ftolen, (the others having no Power to fell 
them) be inforced to reftore them, and (if there 
could be any, their Woods and Rents having already 
more than made good the Purchafes) fit down with 
the Lofs for their furreptitious Bargains ? 

< But, Sir, 'tis objected that the violent Reftora- 
tion of thefe Lands will (together with that Bug- 
bear, Liberty of Confcience) breed a new Civil 
War : That the Land hath been fuiHciently water'd 
with its native Blood : That a new Difturbance 
will be the Ruin of the whole : And that we have 
found, by Experience, that it is better to fit flill and 
content ourfelves under the Oppreflion, than feek 
Help by Civil Difturbance, whofe Remedy proves 
often worfe than the Difeafe ; fo that, thefe Lands 
not being reftored, the Re-admiffion of the lawful 
Heir may be judged impoflible, there being no 
Eitate found to maintain a Kingly Court and Charge. 
' Could we, Mr. Speaker, find Ways to maintain 
our afpiring General Cromwell, and to keep his 
Court in more Splendour than ever did King of 
England? And cannot we as well find Means to 
maintain the true and lawful Heir, the Charge 
likewife likely to be abated by the Pay of the Army 
being clearly taken off; which, by his Re-admit- 
in tflt, will be found fuperfluous ? 

N 2 I 

Of E N G L A N D. 255 

* I need not at all enlarge myfelf in Reafons ; Inter-regnum. 
there are none fo dull but muft neceflarily yield to 

his Re-admitment, except their Intereft infatuates 
their Underftandings. Let us then, Mr. Speaker, 
who are yet looked upon by the People to have our 
Hands dipp'd, in fome Meafure, in the Nation's 
Miferies, by beginning that deplorable War, lay a 
Plafter to the Wounds, and Balfom to the Sores, of 
thefe diftreffed Nations, by reftoring them their 
Kings as at the firft, and their Princes as at the Be- 

4 Nor let us be aftiamed, after having fo long 
gone out of the Way, after all this Obftinacy of 
Spirit, after the Expence of fo much Blood and 
Treafure, to return again unto thofe Paths of Truth 
from which we have fo greatly deviated; but rather 
repent for the Wrongs we have done our Prince, for 
the Wrongs we have done our Country, and for the 
Wrongs we have done ourfelves, and recall our true 
and rightful Prince, who will, without Doubt, be fo 
gracious as to pardon all Offences. 

' But if, Sir, there be fome particular Crimes of 
fo high a Nature that they admit not Pardon, fhall 
the Nation ftill remain miferable for the Offences of 
thofe particular Men ? Shall England flill be un- 
happy for Want of an Axe or an Halter to be be- 
ftowed on fome who have fo juftly deferved it ? It 
muft not, cannot be. 

* Pardon, Sir, this Pafiion and Prolixity, and give 
me Leave to anfwer one more Obje&ion; /. e. That 
the People would be better fatisfied if this Parlia- 
ment would wholly omit the fettlirtg of any Govern- 
ment, and leave it to a Free Parliament. Though 
this be difputable, yet we will grant it : But then 
what a Parliament fhall they have, we have been 
long debating about their Qualifications ? Shall the 
People have a Free Parliament, or (hall they not ? 
If they fhall have a Free Parliament, then muft they 
have Free Liberty to chufe whom they pleafe ; if 
not, we do but follow former Steps, and ftill endea- 
vour to enflave them. 


256 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

< To conclude : Mr. Speaker, we may, in Rea- 
fon, judge, that the firft Thing done by a Free Par- 
liament, will be to invite the lawful Heir to Poflef- 
fion, there being no Likelihood that any other Go- 
vernment can be fettled ; and therefore I think we 
had as good do it now upon fuch Terms and Con- 
tlitions as may fecure the Peace and Quiet of thefe 
Nations, and be fafe to them who have engaged 
againft him.' 

A Conference having been defired by the Lords 
y.'ith the other Houfe, the Commons fent up Sir 
George Booth to let them know, that they were 
resdy for it as they defired. The Committee ap- 
pointed by the Commons to manage this Conference, 
were, Mr. Annejley^ Mr. Finch , Mr. Turner , Lord 
Falkland^ Mr, Pi.erepolnt^ Serjeant Hales, and Ser- 
jeant Brown. The Subject was the Settlement of 
the Government of thefe Nations ; the very Topig 
on which the Speech before given turns. 

In the Afternoon of this Day, for they fat both. 
Ends of it, Mr. Annejley reported the Effect of the 
Conference had with the Lords : That the Earl of 
Jlfanchefter had acquainted the Committee of this 
Houfe with the Lords' Receipt of a Letter from his 
Majefty, and of a Declaration inclofed : He told us, 
it was a Maxim, " Where the Word of a King is, 
there is Power ;" and where the Word of our King 
is, as it is now received, there is Truth ; and Power 
and Truth are the beft Supports of Government: 
fte wifhed us to confider the niiftaken Maxims of 
fome Politicians, \]\m Diftruft and Jealouiies are the 
Nerves and Sinews of Wifdom ; but he hopes that 
we will rather sonfider that Wifdom from above, 
which is firft pure, * * b eafy to be intreated ; and 
that all Diftruft and Jeajoufy might be laid afide : 
He took Notice of fome new 3tate-BuiJders that 
had been framing imaginary States of Qoveui' 
jne.U; which brought into Confideration our antient 
Government, the beft in the World : And there- 
upon took Notjce of a Vote in the Lords' Houfc, 


lr Sic fa Orif, 

Of E N G L A N D. 257 

concerning the Government of this Kingdom, to the Inter-regnum, 
Tenor following, viz. * 66 ^ 

" The Lords do own and declare, That, accord- 7, "~ 
ing to the Antient and Fundamental Laws of this 
Kingdom, the Government is, and ought to be, by 
King, Lords, and Commons." 

' Then he proceeded further, and took Notice of 
the great Revolutions and Changes that have been, 
and the Occafion of them to be, the Separation of 
the Head from the Members j and therefore he ac~ 
quainted the Committee with another Vote of the 
Lords, viz. 

" That the Lords, having a deep Senfe of the 
Miferies and Diffractions that this Kingdom hath 
been involved in, fmce the violent Attempts to dif- 
iblve the eftablimed Government; and conceiving 
that the feparating the Head from the Members hath 
been the chiefeft Occafion of all our Diforders and 
Confufions, they defire that fome Ways may be 
confidered how, to make up thefe Breaches, and to 
obtain the King's Return again to his People." 

' And that he alfo acquainted them with a third 
Vote of the Lords, in order to a further Proceeding 
on the former, viz. 

<e That a Committee of the Houfe of Commons 
may be appointed to meet with a Committee of the 
Lords, to prepare fuch Things as may be in order* 
to thefe good and necelTary End's j and to frame a 
Letter of Thanks and Acknowledgments to his Ma- 
jefty for his gracious Letter an4 Declaration." 

* And, laftly, his Majefty's faid Letter and Decla- 
ration, lent to the Lords, was read there ; and that 
they had intruded the Committee with them, that 
they might alfo be read here, and a Refolution gi- 
ven upon the whole.' 

After hearing this Report, the Commons ordered 
the King's Letter to the Lords, with his Majefty's 
Declaration there inclofed, to be read ; and then it 

Refolved, &c. That this Houfe doth agree with 

the Lords, and do own and declare, that, accord - 

in** to the Antient and Fundamental Laws of this 

VOL. XXII. R Kin^ 

258 We Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum, Kingdom, the Government is, and ought to be, by 
l66 - King, Lords, and Commons.' 

' Ordered, alfo, That the following Committee 
be appointed to perufe the Journals and Records, 
and to examine what pretended Acts or Orders 
have paired, which are inconfiftent with the Go- 
vernment, by King, Lords, and Commons, and 
report them, with their Opinion thereon, to this 
Houfe ; and alfo to offer fuch Expedients, as may 
carry on the Courts of Juftice of this Kingdom j and 
how Fines, Recoveries, AfTurances, Judgments, 
and Decrees, pafled, may be confirmed and made 
good. Mr. Prynne, Mr. Finch, Lord Falkland^ 
Mr. Turner, Sir William Lewis, Serjeant Hales, Sir 
Walter Erie, Sir Anthony JJhley Cooper, Lord Com- 

miflioner Tyrrel, Cope, Serjeant Glynne, Lord 

Commiflioner Widdrington, Sir 'John Court op, and 
all the Gentlemen of the Long Robe. 

May 2. The Lords did nothing material this 
Day, but what will be taken Notice of in the Pro- 
ceedings of the Commons, except reading, a firft 
and fecond Time, an Ordinance for making George 
Monke, Efq; Captain-General of all the Land- 
Forces, &c. and committing it. They alfo ordered, 
That the Committee for Privileges do take into 
their Confideration the great Violation that hath 
lately been made upon the Peers of this Kingdom. 

The Houfe of Commons were bufy, this Day, in 
altering and correcting the Form of an Anfwer to 
the King's Letter to them ; which, being all read, 
was agreed to, and ordered to be fuperfcribed, 
To the King's Moft Excellent Majejly. Ordered that 
Sir John Grenville be called to the Bar, and that 
the Speaker return him Thanks for his Care, more- 
over the Houfe voted him 500 /. to buy him a Jewel, 
as a Teftimony of their Refpecls to him, and as a 
Badge of Honour, for bringing fo gracious a Letter 
from the King's Majefty to this Houfe. Ordered that 
the Council of State do take Care to pay the faid 
500/. to Sir John, forth with, out of the Contingences 
of the Council. More of this hereafter. 


Of E N G L A N D. 259 

A Meflage came from the Lords to acquaint this 
Jloufe, That they had appointed a Committee of 
eight Lords to meet Another of the Commons, to 
confider of an Anfwer to his Majefty's gracious 
Letter and Declaration. To which the Commons 
returned this A l 'fwer, by Sir Henry Cbolmley, That 
they had already agreed upon an Anfwer to the King's 
Letter, directed to them, and intended to fend it to 
his Majefty by fome Members of their own EToufe ; 
and he was alfo to acquaint their Lprdfhips, That 
the Commons had concurred with them in their Vote 
touching the Fundamental Government of the King' 

Alderman Robinfon informed the Houfe, That be 
was commanded, by the Lord Mayor, AJdermen, 
and Common Council of the City of London, to ac- 
quaint them that they had received a Letter a an4 
Declaration from the King's Majefty, by the Hands 
of the Lord Vifcount Mordaunt and Sir 'John Gren- 
ville ; and that they defire the Leave of this Houfe 
to give an Anfwer to them; tp which the floufe 
i;eadily agreed. 

May 3. This Day, in the Houfe of Lords, the 
Earl of Manchefter reported the Draught of an An- 
fwer to the King's gracious Letter to their Houfe j 
which, being read, was approved of, and ordered to 
be fent to the King by the Earls of Oxford, lVar~ 
<ivick, Middlesex? VifcoumHergford, Lord Berkeley, 
and Lord Brooke; who were to confider what Time 
they defire to prepare themfelves to go. A Meflage 
was fent dowjn to the other Houfe, to acquaint them 
with this Vote. The Letter of the Peers to the 
King is entered in their Journals, and was in hi/ 

For the KIN G'S Mofl Excellent Maje/fy, 
Moft Gracious Sovereign, 

< X7"OUR loyal Subjects the Peers, now afiem-The Anfw*r of 
j[ bled, .do, with all Humility and Thankful- the Houfe of 
6 nefs, return their Acknowledgments to ypur Ma- U, t j3j 

a Before given at p. 247. 

260 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter- regnum. c jefty for your gracious Letter and Declaration 5 and 
^"L .* do efteem it their greateft Honour that your 'Ma- 
Ma^ *' i e fty i s pleafed to exprefs a Confidence oif their 
ay " < Counfels and Endeavours for the compofing the 
' fad and 'unhappy Diffractions of your Kingdoms ; 
' and they .own this as their great Advantage, that 

* they may now act in Difcharge of their own Duty 

* by your Majefty's Command. Your Majefty's 

* great and many Sufferings have long affec*t.ed their 
Hearts with deep Refentments of Trouble and 
' Sorrow; but the fame Power that uiurped and pro- 
' faned your Sceptre, diverted them of their Rights 

* and Privileges, 'and kept them under Mich PrefTures 
' and Difficulties, as they were rendered incapable 
' of ferving your Majefty in order to thofe Ends, to 
' which their Duty and Allegiance did engage them. 

* It hath been their conftant Defire that the Nation 

* had continued happy and innocent; but yourMa- 
' jefty's Piety and Wifdom hath {hewed you to what 

* Degree your Clemency is to be extended ; and we 

* hope all your Subjects will anfwer your Majefty's 
'Grace and Favour to the utmoft Point of Fide- 
' lity and Obedience. The Peers have a juft 

* Ground to own a more particular Dependence and 
c Subferviency to the Throne of Majefty, not only 

* by the Prefcriptions of Law, but by that AfFeclion 

* and Duty which is fixed in their Hearts upon the 
e Foundations of Loyalty, which gives them the 
' Privilege to ftile themfelves 

Tour Majefty 's mo ft loyal, 
Moft dutiful, 

Weflminfter, May 3,7- . . a ... 

I 66 0< ' ^ And moji obedient 

Subjels and Servants. 

Signed in the Name, and by the Command^ of the 
faid Houfe of- Peers \ by 

Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tern pore. 

And, as if the Lords intended to vie with theHoufe 
of Commons inTeftimonies of Loyalty to their Sove- 

Of ENGLAND, 261 

reign, an Order was made, That the Statues of the inter-regnum. 
late King's Majefty be fet up again in all the Places l66 - 
from whence they were pulled down : And that the ' luT*^ 
Arms of the Commonwealth be demolifhed and ta- 
ken away wherever they are, and the King's Arms 
be put up in their Stead : That the King's Majefty 
be publickly prayed for by all Minifters in their 
Churches : And, laftly, that fome Place be confi- 
d^ered of where General Monke's Statue may be fet 
up. All which Particulars were referred to thei 
Committee of Privileges to confider of and make 
Report to the Houfe. 

An Order was made by the Lords to put a Stop, 
or Stay, to the demolifhing, defacing, or commit- 
ting Wafte, in the Houfes or Lands, Park, Woods, 
&c. belonging to the King, the Duke of Bucking- 
ham, the Earl of Worce/far^ and fome other of the 
Peers, where fad Havock had been made for fome 

The Houfe of Commons heard feveral Reports, 
from their Committee of Privileges and Elections, 
concerning double Returns, which were regulated. 
Amongft thefe we find that Edmund Ludlow^ Efq; 
our Mem'orialifl:, was voted duly elected for the Bo- 
rough of tiindon, in Wilts \ but then he was order'J 
to attend the Service of the Houfe on that Day 

A Committee of this Houfe had been appointed 
to go to the City of Londcn t to borrow Money of 
them for the prefent Occafions ; who returning, 
Mr. Annejley reported from them, That they had 
treated with the Lord Mayor, fcr'c. for a Loan of 
IOO,OOO /. which the City was willing to advance 
on the Security of an Ordinance for three Months 
AiBfirnent ; the Money arifmg from it to be paid 
in to the Chamber of London; and that their Cham- 
berlain fhould be Receiver for the whole. The 
Houfe agreed to this Propofal ; and alfo voted 6 /. 
fur Cent. Inrereft, from the Time of receiving to 
the paying in the Sum. An Ordinance for three 
Months AiTefiment was ordered to be brought in the 
ncxi Morning. 

R 3 The 

262 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

The Committee who were ordered to prepare 
the aforefaid Ordinance, "were alfoto confider how 
the 50,000 /. which was voted to be prefented 
to his Majefty may be remitted to him, to his beft 
Advantage, and ib that there be no Lofs upon the 

The Houfe being informed that Sir John Gren~ 
'ville, who brought the King's Letter, was at the 
Door, he was called in to receive the Thanks of 
this Houfe, according to the Order of Yefterday ; 
who, ftanding at the Bar, the Speaker faid to him, 
in Effect, as followeth : 

$!? jtbti Grtn- t sj r J k n Grenvit/e, I need not tell you with 
Sfs eaker. dbXwhat g ratefu ' and thankful Hearts the Commons, 
now aflembled in Parliament, have received his 
Majefty r s gracious Letter : Res ipfe loquitur : You 
yourfelf have been ocularis & auricularis Teftis de 
J^ei Veritate : Our Bells and our Bonfires have 
already proclaimed his Majefty's Goodnefs, and 
our Joys. We have told the People that our 
King;, the Glory of England, is coming home again; 
and "they have refounded it back again in our Ears, 
that they are ready, and their Hearts are open, to 
receive him. Both Parliament and People have 
cried aloud to the King of Kings, in their Prayers, 
Long live King Charles the Second ! ! 

4 Sir, 1 am likevvife to tell you, that this Houfe 
doth not think it fit that you fhould return back to 
our Royal Sovereign, without fome Teftimony of 
Refpect to yourfelf: They have therefore ordered 
and appointed that 500 /. fhall be delivered to you 
to buy a Jewel, as a Badge of that Honour which 
is due to a Perfon whom the King hath honoured 
to be MelTenger of fo gracious a Meflage : And I 
am commanded, in the Name of the Houfe, to re- 
turn you their very hearty Thanks.' 

After this the Houfe lent a MefTage to the Lords 
by Sir William Lewis, to acquaint their Lordfhips, 
That they had prepared an Anfwer to his Majefty'a 
gracious Letter fent to their Houfe, and that they 

Of E N G L A N D. 263 

ntended to fend the fame by fome Members of their 

' Refolved, That, for determining what Members 
of this Houfe (hall carry the Letter to his Majefty, the 
feveral Members of it (hall put in Papers of Names ; 
and that it be referred to a Committee to view thofe 
Papers, and make Report to the Houfe who have 
the greateft Number of Voices. Sir Henry Yelver- 
ton, Major-General Brown, Sir Henry Cholmley^ 
and the Lord Howard, were nominated a Commit- 
tee accordingly/ 

' Ordered, alfo, That the Letter agreed to by this 
Houfe, in Anfwer to his Majefty's gracious Letter, 
fliall be kept by the Clerk, under fuch Privacy, that 
no Copy thereof may come to any Hand, till it hath 
been communicated to his Majefty.' 

This Letter is not entered in the Journals ; but 
we have a Copy of it in our Collection, printed, by 
Order of the Commons, by Edward Hit/bands and 
Thomas New(omb y from which Authority we give it. 

To the KING'S Moft Excellent Majejly, 

Mojl Royal Sovereign, 

your Majefty's moft loyal Subjects, the The Anfwer of 
Commons of England affembled in Par the Houfe of 
liament, do, with all Humblenefs, prefent u 

* your Majefty the unfeigned Thankfulnefs of our 
Hearts, for thofe gracious Expreflions of Piety and 
' Goodnefs, and Love to us and the Nations under 

* your Dominion, which your Majefty's Letter of 
' April ft* dated from Breda, together with the 

* Declaration inclofed in it, of the fame Date, do 

* fo evidently contain ; for which we do, in the firft 

* Place, look up to the great King of Kings* and 

* blefs his Name, who hath put thefe Thoughts in- 

* to the Heart of our King, to make him glorious in 
' the Eyes of his People, as thofe great Deliverances 
which that Divine Majefty hath afforded unto your 

* Royal Perfon from many Dangers, and the Sup- 
1 port which he hath given unto your heroic and 

* princely Mind, under various Trials, make it ap- 

4 pea* 

264 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. * pear to all the World, that you are precious in his 
1660. * Sight> 

^^j^"""^ * And give us Leave to fay, That as your Ma- 

* jefty is pleafed to declare your Confidence in Par- 

* Jiamcnts, your Efteem of them, and this your 
' Judgment and Character of them, That they arii 

* fo neccflary for the Government of the Kingdom, 

* that neither Prince nor People can be in any tole- 

* rable Degree happy without them ; and therefore 
6 fay, that you will hearken unto their Counfels, be 

* tender of their Privileges, and careful to preferve 

* and protect them : So we truft, and will with all 
4 Humility be bold to affirm, That your Majefty 

* will not be deceived in us, and that we will never 

* depart from that Fidelity which we owe unto your 

* Majefty, that Zeal which we bear unto your Ser- 
' vice, and a conftant Endeavour to advance your 
' Honour and Greatnefs. 

' And we befeech your Majefty we may add this 

* further, for the Vindication of Parliaments, and 

* even of the laft Parliament convened under your 

* Royai Father, of happy Memory ; when, as your 
e Majefty well obferves, through Miflakes and Mif- 
' undcrftanding>, many Inconveniences were pro- 

* d-uccd which were not intended : That thofe very 

* Inconveniences could not have been brought upon 

* us by thofe Perfons who had defigned them, with- 

* out firft violating the Parliament itfelf ; for they 

* well knew it was not poflible to do a Violence to 

* that facrcd Perfon, whilft the Parliament, which 

* had vowed and covenanted for the Defence and 
e Safety of that Perfon, remained entire. Surely, 

* Sir, as the Perfons of our Kings have ever been 

* dear unto Parliaments, fo we cannot think of that 

* horrid Act committed againft the precious Life of 
e our late Sovereign, but with fuch a Deteftation and 

* Abhorrency as we want Words to exprefs it. 

* And, next to wifhing it had never been, we wifh 
' it may never be remembered by your Majefty, to 
e be unto you an Occafion of Sorrow, as it will ne- 
8 ver be remembered by us, but with that Grief and 
c Trouble of Mind which it Jeferves, being the 

* greateit 

Of E N G L A N D. 265 

e greateft Reproach that ever was incurred by any inter- regnum. 
' of the Englljb Nation ; an Offence to all the Pro- 1660. 
* teftant Churches abroad, and a Scandal to the *- ""V 
' Profeffion of the Truth of Religion here at home ; 
c though both Profefiion and true Profeflbrs, and the 
' Nation itfelf, as well as the Parliament, were mofl 
< innocent of it, having been only the Contrivance 
* and A& of fome few ambitious and bloody Per- 
' fons, and fuch others as, by their Influence, were 

' And as we hope and pray that God vtfill not irri- 

* pute the Gailt of it, nor of all the evil Confe- 
' quences thereof unto the Land, whofe Divine Ju- 

< flice never involves the Guiltlefs with the Guilty, 
fo we cannot but give due Praife to your Majefty's 
' Goodnefs, who are pleafed to entertain fuch re- 

< conciled and reconciling Thoughts; and with them. 

< not only meet, but, as it were, prevent your Par- 
' liament and People; propofmg yourfelf, in a great 
4 Mealure, and inviting the Parliament to confider 

* further, and advife your Majefty what may be ne- 

* ccfiary to reftore the Nation to what it hath loir, 
raife up again the Banks and Fences of it, and 
' make the Kingdoms happy, by the Advancement 
' of Religion, the fecuring our Laws, Liberties, and 
' Eftates, and the removing of all Jealou'fies and 
Animofities which may render our Peace lefs cer- 
' tain and durable j wherein your Majefty gives a 
' large Evidence of your great Wifdom judging 
' aright; that, after fo high a Diftemper, and fuch 
c an univerfal fliakingof the very Foundations, grsat 
c Care muft be had to repair the Breaches, and 
4 much Circumfpe6tion and Induftry ufed to provide 
c Things neceffary for the ftrengthening of thole 
4 Repairs, and preventing whatever may difturb and 

* weaken them. 

4 We (hall immediately apply ourfelves to the pre* 

* paring of thefe Things ; and in a very fhort Time, 

* we hope, be able to prefent them unto your Maje- 

* fty : And, for the prefent, do, with all humble 
' Thankfulness, acknowledge your Grace and p'a- 

* vour, in afTurins; us of your Royal Concurrence 

* with 

266 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

' with us, and faying, That we (hall not expect any 
' thing from you, but what you will be as ready to 

* give as we to receive. And we cannot doubt of 
c your Majefty's effectual Performance, fmce your 

* own Princely Judgment hath prompted unto you 

* the Neceflity of doing fuch Things ; and your 

* Piety and Goodnefs hath carried you to a free 
' Tender of them to your faithful Parliament. 

' You fpeak as a gracious King, and we will do 

* what befits dutiful, loving, and loyal Subjects, 
' who are yet more engaged to honour, and highly 
' efteem your Majefty for your declining, as you are 

* pleafed to fay, all foreign Afiiftance, and rather 

* truft to your People; who> we do affure your Ma- 

* jelly, will, and do, open their Arms and Hearts to 

* receive you, and will fpare neither their Eftates 
4 nor their Lives, when your Service fliall require it 
' of them. 

* And we have yet more Caufe to enlarge our 
' Praifes and our Prayers to God for your Majefty, that 
' you have continued unfhaken in your Faith: That 
' neither theTemptation of Allurements, Perfuafions, 
' and Promifes from feducingPapifts on theoneHand, 

* nor the Perfecution and hardUfage from fome feduced 

* and mifguided Profeflbrs of the Proteftant Reli- 

* gion on the other Hand, could at all prevail up- 
* on your Majefty to make you forfake the Rock of 
' Ifrae!, the God of your Fathers, the true Proteftant 
' Religion, in which your Majefty hath been bred ; 
c but you have flill been as a Rock yourfeif, firm to 

* your Covenant with your and our God, even now 
' expreffing your Zeal and Affection for the Pro- 
' teftant Religion, and your Care and Study for the 

* Propagation thereof. This hath been a Rejoicing 

* of Heart to all the Faithful of the Land, and an 

* Afiii ranee to them that God would not forfake 

* you ; but after many Trials, which fhould but 
' make you more precious, as Gold out of the Fire, 

* reftore your Majefty unto your Patrimony and 
' People with more Splendour and Dignity, and 

* make you the Glory of Kings, and the Joy of 

4 your 

Of ENGLAND. 267 

< your Subjects ; which is, and ever (hall be, the later- regnum. 
Prayer of your Majefty's moft loyal Subjeds the ^J ^ 
Commons of England afiembled in Parlament.' M^yi" ' 

Signed by the Order, and in the Name, of your 
Majefty's Subjetfs the Commons of England af 
fembled in Parliament , 


Wtflmiujler, May a, 7 Speaker of the Commons Houfe of 
166 ' * Parliament. 

Refolved, fcfr. That a Committee of this Houfe 
be appointed to confider of the King's Majefty's 
Letter and Declaration, and for preparing of Bills 
accordingly, viz. Mr. Finch, Serjeant Maynard, 
Lord Howard, Mr. Recorder of London, Mr. Good- 
ricke, Col. Bowyer, Sir Walter Erie, Sir Gilbert 
Gerrard, Mr. Swaile, Mr. Holies, Sir Edward 
Deering, Mr. Morrice, Mr. Francis Gerrard, Lord - 
General, Mr. Charlton, Mr. Peirepont, Sir Richard 
Onflow, Mr. Bunckley, Sir Horatio Townfend, Col. 
Maffey, Mr. Clifford, Sir JM* Holland, Lord /&r- 
forJ, Sir William Waller, Sir George Booth, Lord 
Falkland, Mr. Cr*iw, Sir .fo^r/ />, Mr. T^tf, 
Mr. Brcdrick, Sir ZW/*y ,?vV/, Col. /VvA, Sir 
Trevor Williams, Mr. Clapham, Sir Henry Telvertcn % 
Mr. Williams, Mr. Swinfin, Mr. Annefley, Col. Afor- 
%, Mr. Knigbtley, Mr. Dunch, Sir Anthony Irby, 
Mr. Onjlow, Sir (William Le^vis, Col. Hurley^ Lord 
Bulkley, Mr. Henry Hungerford, Mr. Stanhope, Mr. 
Boderda, Sir '^^ Evelyn of Wilts, Sir y<^ Evelyn 
of Sitrry, Mr. Clobery, Mr. Turner, Lord Howard, 
Sir Thomas Spencer, Mr. Daivnay, and all the Gen- 
tlemen of this Houfe of the Long Robe. This Com- 
mittee have Power to prepare a Bill for taking away 
Tenures / Capite, and by Knights Service, and 
Socage i Capite, and alfo of the Court of Wards ; 
and to confider and propound to this Houfe, how 
one hundred thoufand Pounds a Year may be raifed 
and fettled on his Majefty, in Compenfation for 
Wardfhips and Liveries, and the Court of Wards : 
And this Committee are to meet in the Inner Court 


268 Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

ifa, of Wards, at Three of the Clock this Afternoon; 
1660. an d Mr. finch is to take Care of this jBuhnefs.' 

May 4. The Lords, after doing fome other Bu- 
finefs of lefs Confequence, heard a Report from the 
Earl of Dorfet, That the Committee had fent a 
Draught of an Order, concerning the Affair of the 
nine Lords, formerly impeached ; which was read 
and approved of by the Houfe as follows : 

* Whereas, upon Wednesday the 20th Day of 
Jttlyt 1642, it was, by the Lords, then aflembled 1 in 
this High Court of Parliament, awarded and ad- 
judged, in thefe Words following; that is to fay, 
That Spencer Earl of Northampton^ William Earl 
of Devon/hire, Henry Earl of Dover , Henry Earl 
of Monmouth^ Charles Lord Howard of Chnrlton^ 
Robert Lord Rich, Charies Lord Grey of Ruthen^ 
Thomas Lord Coventry^ Arthur Lord Capell, Ih all 
not fit or vote in the Lords Houfe, during this 
prefent Parliament,- nor enjoy the Privileges of 
Parliament j that they fhall Hand committed t6 
the Tower during the Pleaiure of this Houfe :* 
With other Matters therein contained, as by the 
faid Judgment, or Award, remaining on Record, 
may appear. Now, upon ierious Debate ant 1 Con- 
federation hao bv the Lords now r.flembled in Par- 
liament, of the faid fudgment, or Award, and of 
the Matters and Thirds therein contained, they do 
declare, ordain, and adjudge the faid Judgment, or 
Award, and every Matter therein, fhal! be repealed, 
annulled, and made void, and the fame is hereby 
repealed, annulled, and made void, to all Intents 
and Purpofes, as if no fuch Judgment had been 

The Committee, according to Order, had now 
began to prepare Dills, to be offered to the King on 
h;; lieturn, for the Security of the Parliament itfelf, 
and of 'their Properties who had purch?fed Lands, 
&c. under Titles, depending wholly on the late 
Revolutions. ArJ, firft, Mr. Finch did this Day 


Of E N G L A N D. 269 

exhibit a Bill to the Houfe, declaring the Continu- inter-regnum. 

ance of this prefent Parliament, which was read a l66 - 

rft and fecond Time, and committed. The faid ^"T^"""""* 

Gentleman alfo brought another Bill, concerning 

Lands purchafed from the Truftees of the late Par- 

Jiament, which was likewife read twice, and com- 


. A Declaration ordered to be prepared, to give 

Notice to the People, That there will be no Pro- 

ceedings in Wejlmin/ler- Hall next Rafter-Term^ up- 

on Caufes depending in any of the Courts, till the 

two laft Returns of the faid Term. Agreed to by 

the Lords. 

The Recorder of the City of London^ Alderman 
Vincent^ Alderman Robinfon, and Alderman Blud- 
worth^ had Leave given them by the Houfe to go to 
the King, with a Letter from the City, in Anfwer 
to another the City received from his Majefty; which 
Letter was as follows : 

May it pleafe your Moft Excellent 

* "V^OUR Majefty's moftleyaj, humble, and af-The City of 

feaionate Subjects, the Mayor, Aldermen, Lww ' c ' sAnfwef 

c j /~ c i_- /" c r i i to the King's 

* and Commons of this your City of London, being Letter. 

* this Day afTembled in Common Council, received 

* your Majefty 's gracious Letter and Declaration of 
' the -&th of April laft, by the Hands of the Rt. Hon. 
' the Lord Vifcount Mor daunt and Sir John Gren- 

* ville ; in which they find that God hath been 
' pleafed at laft to give a bountiful Return to their 
' conftant Prayers, patient Hopes, and loyal Endea- 
' vours, by yo.ur Majefty's Owning and Acceptance 
' thereof, and by inclining your Princely Heart to 

* defcend fo far, not only to impart to them your 
' Majefty's benign Declaration of Grace extended 

* to your Majefty's Subjects in general, but alfo to 
' convey it to them under a particular Afiurance of 
' ipecial Love, and Tendernefs to this City, to which 
' they prefume not to intitle themfelves on any other 
4 Account, than upon that of your Majefty's gracious 
' Inclinations ; for they confefs that all thofe Mani- 
' feftations of their AiFedlions, for which your Ma- 

r. . - jefty 

270 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Inter-regnum. ' jefty is pleafed to put thofe fignal Marks of Favour 
1660. < upon this City, were but a partial Payment of that 

* v-*' * Duty which they owe to your Majefty's Right as 
M * y * ' Subjects, and Virtues as Chriftians: And therefore, 

* as they defire to blefs God for inclining the Hearts 

< of both Houfes of Parliament this Day to exprefs 
their joyful Senfe of, and their humble and hearty 
6 Thanks for, your Majefty's gracious Offers, and 

* to profefs their Loyalty and Duty to your Majefty, 
fo they defire that their intire and unanimous Con- 

< currence therein may, in its Place, find your gra- 
cious Acceptance ; which they hope your Majefty 
will give them Leave, in all Humility, to claim, 
when your Majefty (hall have feen their inclofed 

< Declaration and Vindication, which their Inno- 

* cence and Affections warranted them to publifh to 
' the World, before they received the Honour and 
' Encouragement of your Majefty's Letter. And 
they cannot omit to acquaint your Majefty, that 
' the moft eminent and clear Characters of your 

* Princely Goodnefs, exprefted in this your Letter 

* and Declaration, hath, as by a Miracle, at once 

* bound them all up in one common Band of Loy- 
' alty to your Majefty, and Affection among them- 

* felves, and given them more than pregnant Hopes, 
' that God will fuddenly eftablifti your Majefty in an 

* honourable and peaceful Government of thefe your 

* Kingdoms, and fix you among them as the Center, 

* in which all the oppofite Lines of the diftrated In- 
' terefts of this Nation will meet and acquiefce, to 

* the Glory of God, and the perpetual Settlement, 

* Peace, and Welfare of your Subjects. They have 

* intrufted their Fellow-Members, Thomas Adams t 
' Abraham Reynardfon, Richard Brown, William 

* Thompfon, John Frederick, John Robinfon^ Anthony 
6 Bateman, and William Wale, Aldermen ; William 
' Wild) Efq; Recorder; John Langham, Sir James 

* Bunce^ Bart. Sir Nicholas Crifp, Knt. Theophilvg 
' Biddulpb) William Bateman, Thomas Chamberlain^ 

* William Vincent, Richard Ford, Laurence Brom- 
6 field, and John Lewes, Efquires, to preferft to your 

* Majefty's Royal Hand this their humble and hearty 


Of E N G L A N D. 271 

* Profeffion of Duty and Affection, and with it a Inter-regnom* 

* fmall Earneft of the Reality thereof; which tho' l66o> 

* it be extremely d if proportionable to your Royal U "TT^~^ 

* Dignity, and the Mealure of their Zeal to your 

* Service, yet they beg moft inftantly that it may 

* find your gracious Acceptance, as coming from 

* that City which have been the greateft Sharers in 

* the many and heavy Preflures and LoiTes that have 
' befallen your Subjects during the Want of your 

* Royal Protection : And afluring your Majefty of 
' their continued Prayers to God for your Majefty's 

* fpeedy and fafe Return into thefe your panting 
' Dominions, that your Majefty may enjoy your un- 
4 doubted legal Sovereignty, and we your Subjects, 

* the long'd-for Influence thereof, by your maintain- 
' ing them in the Exercife of the Proteftant Religion, 
c according to the Scriptures, and the Example of 

* the beft Reformed Churches, and Enjoyment of 

* our Civil Liberties and Properties, according to 

* the Antient Fundamental Laws of this Nation, and 
' thofe other Immunities and Favours exprefled in 
' your Majefty's Letter and Declaration, we do moft 
' humbly take Leave 4 and have hereunto fet the Seal 
' of this your Majefty's Royal Chamber, the City 

* of London, the i&ofMay, 1660,' 

May 5. The Commons having pafled the Bill 
this Morning, for continuing the prefent Parlia- 
ment, fent it up to the Lords with this Title, An 
Aft for removing and preventing all Questions and 
DijputeS) concerning the Affembling and Sitting of 
this prejent Parliament. Which Bill the Lords read 
twice, and committed it to a Committee of the 
whole Houfe ; and accordingly the Houfe adjourned 
itfelf into a Committee, and, when renamed, it was 
ordered, That the Matter of this Bill be referred to 
the Confideration of all the Judges and Afliftants 
of this Houfe, who were to report their Opinions 
on the Bill to the Houfe, on Monday Morning next, 
the yth of AJay. 

Ordered, That it be referred to the Committee 
for Privileges, to confider how the Peers of this 


272 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Interregnum. Kingdom may be affeffed by themfelves, for the 
1660. finding of Horfe and Arms, according to their an- 

V*-~\~'-~J t j ent Privileges, and not to he afleffed by the Com- 
tlay ' miflioners of the Militia, in the feveral Counties. 

The Commons, almoft this whole Day, were 
employed in regulating Elections of their Members ? 
on double Returns, &c. after which the Houfe 
came to a Refolution, That, in all Cafes where the 
Great Seal of England was to be ufed, all Proceed- 
ings fhould go in the King's Name j and referred 
it to a Committee to confider from what Time all 
Proceedings foould fo do, and what Seal fhould be 
for the prefent ufed. 

Mr. Annejley^ from the Council of State, informed 
the Houfe, That there were many Diftemperatures 
in feveral Parts of the Kingdom j and that unquiet 
Spirits might make an Advantage to foment new 
Troubles and Diftraclions, by Pretence and Colour 
that the Sheriffs, and other public Minifters of Ju- 
ftice, are not impowered, in this prefent Juncture 
of Affairs, with fufficient Authority, to difyenfe the 
ordinary Acls of Juftice, belonging to their refpec- 
tive Places, for preferving of the public Peace. The 
Council of State did delire, That a Declaration 
Jhould be fet forth, for requiring all Officers of Ju- 
ftice to attend their Places, and the Duties thereof, 
as by Cominiflion they are enjoyned ; that fo the 
public Peace may be fecured> and the Juftice of the 
Nation carried on -without any Interruption. The 
Commons appointed a Committee to draw up a 
Declaration accordingly, which was done and agreed 
to by the Lords,- and was as follows : 

A Declaration of r | ^H E Lords and Commons aflembled inPar- 
ke^TiT'th* 10r ' * l' arnent having received feveral Informa- 
Peace, ?c. * tlons tnat there hath been divers Tumults, Riots, 

* Outrages, and-Mifdemeanors, lately committed in 
< fundry Parts of this Realm, by unquiet and dif- 
4 contented Spirits, to the Difturbance of the public 

* Peace, and fomenting of new Troubles, do here-' 
4 by order and declare, That all Sheriffs, Juftices of 
t the Peace, Mayors, Conftables, and other Mini- 

Of ENGLAND. 273 

* fters of public Juftice, that were in Office the 25th 

( of April* 1660, fliall be continued in their refpec-? l66 - 
' tive Offices, and (hall exercife the fame in the 
King's Majefty's Name and Style, and (hall ufe 

* their beft Endeavours to fupprefs and prevent alj 
< Riots, Tumults, unlawful Afiemblies and Mifde- 
meanors whatfoever, againft the Laws and Peace 

* of the Realm ; and all treafonable and feditious 

* Words, Reports, and Rumours againft his Maje- 

* fty's Royal Perfon and Authority, and proceed 
e againft all Offenders therein according to Law ancj 

* Juftice : And all Military Officers and Soldiers, 

* and all others, are to be aiding and afTifting tQ 

* them therein.' 

The Houfe proceeded to the Election of twclv 
of their Members, who were to go to the King, 
with their Letter, which was done by Ballot in the 
fame Manner they ufed to elect their Council of 
State. The Number of the Members then in the 
Houfe were 408, of which four were appointed for 
Tellers, who received a Paper from each Member 
in a Glafs, with twelve Names wrote in it j all 
which were delivered to the Committee, who were 
lo examine and report the greateft Number of Voices 
fit their Meeting on Monday next, 

May 7. The Lord Hoiuard brought in the Num- 
bers, when it appeared that Sir George Booth, Lord, 
Falkland, Mr. Holies, Sir John Holland, Sir Anthony 
Ajhley Cooper, Lord Bruce, Sir Horatio Town/hend, 
Lord Herbert, Lord Cajileton, Lord Fairfax, Sir: 
Henry Cbolmley, and Lord Mandeville, were duly 
cledted by a Majority, to carry the Anfwer to the 
King's Letter from the Houfe, who were all fepa- 
rately put to the Vote, and approved on by them. 

This Day both Houfes agreed, that the King 
fhould be proclaimed on the next; but, previous 
to this Ceremony, a Committee of four Lords and 
eight of the Commons were agreed on to meet tQ 
Cpjifider of the Manner, Time, and other Circum- 

VOL. XXII. S ilancesj 

274 *H> e Parliamentary HISTORY 

ftances, to be obferved on that Occafion. The 
1660. Report of this to be made the fit ft Thing the next 
"7^~ ~~* Morning. 

Another Committee had been appointed to dnw 
up fonie Orders, relating to Minifters praying for the 
Kin"-, &c. and this Day Mr. Finch reported two 
Votes, which, upon the Queition, were agreed to, 
as followeth : 

' Refolved, That all and every the Minifters 
throughout the Kingdoms of England and Ireland^ 
the Dominion of Wales, and Town of Berwick up- 
on Tweed, do, and are heieby required and enjoined, 
in their public Prayers, to pray for the King's Moft 
Excellent Majefty, by the Name of our Sovereign 
Lord Charles, by the Grace of God, of England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of 
the Faith, &c. and for the Moft Illuftrious Prince 
James, Duke of York, and the reft of the Royal 

4 Refolved, That the Minifters who are appointed 
to officiate before this Houfe upon Thurfday next, 
being the Day appointed for a public Thanlcfgiving, 
and all other Minifters within the Cities of London 
and Weftminfter, and the late Lines of Communica- 
tion, who in their feveral Churches and Chapels are 
to carry on the Duties of that Day ; and alfo all 
other Minifters who are, on that Day Fortnight, to 
perform the like Duty throughout the Kingdom of 
England^ the Dominion of Wales, and Town of 
Berwick upon Tweed, {hall be, and are hereby en- 
joined, to return Thanks to Almighty God, for his 
Majefty's feveral gracious Letters to both Houfes of 
Parliament, and to the Commanders in Chief of the 
Forces both Sy Land and Sea, and to the Lord 
Mayor and Common Council of the City of Lon- 
don, tr-aethcr with the Declarations inclofed, and 
the juft and honourable Conceifions therein con- 
tained ; and for the hearty, loyal, and dutiful Con- 
junction of the Lords and Commons now aflembled 
in Parliament, and the univerfal Concurrence of all 
the Commanders and Forces both by Land and Sea, 


Of E N G L A N D. 275 

to receive his Majefty into his Dominions and Go- Jnter-regnujn. 

vernment, according to their bounden Duty and the * 66 t 

Laws of the Land ; and that the Minifters upon ^^7^ 

Thurfday Fortnight be enjoined to read his Maje- 

fty's Letters and Declarations to both Houfes, in 

their feveral Churches and Chapels at the fame 


Thefe Votes being communicated to the Lords, 
were agreed to by them. 

May 8. This Day a Form of a Proclamation, 
agreed on by a Committee of Lords and Commons, 
was read and approved of by both Houfes, and was 
as followeth : 

< A Lthough it can no way be doubted but that Fo "" of a Pro* 

* JTX. his Majefty's Right and Title to this Crown g^Jji** 
' and Kingdoms is, and was every way, compleated by both Houfes, 
c by the Death of his moft Royal Father, of glorious 

' Memory, without the Ceremony or Solemnity of 
c a Proclamation ; yet, fmce Proclamations in fuch 
c Cafes have been always ufed, to the End that all 
c good Subjects might, upon this Occafion, te- 

* ftiry their Duty and Refpecl: ; and ilnce the armed 

* Violence and other the Calamities of many Years 

* laft paft, have hitherto deprived us of any fuch 

* Opportunity, wherein we might exprefs our Loy- 
' alty and Allegiance to his Majefty : We, there- 

* fore, the Lords and Commons now aflembled in 

* Parliament, together v/ith the Lord Mayor, Al- 

* dermen, and Commons of the City of London^ and 
' other Freemen of this Kingdom, now prefent, do, 
' according to our Duty and Allegiance, heartily, 

* joyfully, and unanimoufly, acknowledge and pro- 

* claim, That, immediately upon the Deceafe of 

* our late Sovereign Lord King Charles^ the Impe- 
' rial Crown of the Realm of England^ and of all 
' the Kingdoms, Dominions, and Rights belonging 

* to the fame, did, by inherent Birth-right, and law- 
4 ful and undoubted Succeflion, defcend and come to 
' his Moft Excellent Majefty Charles the Second, as 

* being lineally, juftly, and lawfully, next Heir of 

S 2 tbf 

An. 12. Car.-II. 


Thi Kino 

276 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

the Blood-Royal of this Realm ; and that, by the 
Goodnefs and Providence of Almighty God, he is 
of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, the moft 
potent, mighty, and undoubted King; and there- 
unto we do moft humbly and faithfully fubmit and 
oblige ourfelves, our Heirs, and Pofterities for 

ever *' Dated the Stb Day of May, 1660. 

4 Ordered, That a Copy of this Proclamation, to 
be figned by the Speakers of both Houfes, be forth- 
xvith fent to the Lord Mayor of the City of London ; 
and that the Members of the Huufe of Commons, 
who ferve for the feveral Counties, Cities, and Bo- 
roughs, in England, ti^ales, and the Town of Ber- 
wick upon Tvuc>.d, do take Care, forthwith, to fend 
the SheiifFs, Mayors, Bailiffs, and other Head Offi- 
cers of thefe Counties, &c. for which they ferved, 
the Proclamation for proclaiming the King's Ma- 
iefty, that it might be done accordingly. At the 
fame Time was lent down a Declaration, touching 
Acts which were preparing to be paffed, to be read 
along with the Proclamation.' 

It WHS then ordered, ' That the Lords Commif- 
fioners of the Great Seal, in their Gowns, with the 
Purfe and Mace before them ; the Lord Prefident 
of the Council of State, with his Mace, fhould at- 
tend the I'-Voclsmuaon, next after the Speaker of the 
Iloufc of Common?.' And both Houfes, with their 
Speakers, went in their Coaches, in Proceffion, at 
the Solemnity; 
with gre.LL Porn} 

Demonflrations of Joy, firft at Whitehall^ then at 
Temple-Bar, where they met the Lord Mayor, 
SneriiTs, Aldermen, Common Council, and other 
Officers. &c. of the City ; as alfo at the Fleet^ Con- 
duit in Ci}eapjtde, and the Royal Exchange, The fame 
Proclamation was foon after made over all the three 

which was performed this Day, 
and Ceremony, and all imaginable 

May 9. Both Houfes had Letters from Admiral 
Montagu at Sea, intimating, That he had received 


Of E N G L A N D. 277 

his Majefty's Declaration, and a Letter directed 
General Monks and himfelf, to be communicated to J 66o 

the Fleet, which he had done accordingly : That v v ^~ J 

all the Commanders, Officers, and Seamen, were May ' 
defirous that they fhould exprefs to his Majefty 
their great Joyfulnefs of Heart for the Declara- 
tion, and Favours to them, in the faid Letter; as 
alfo their Loyalty and Duty to him. There- 
fore they humbly intreated the Houfes to know 
their Pleafure, whether fuch an Anfwer fhould be 
returned to his Majefty or not. Both the Speakers 
\vere ordered to write to the Admirals, to give them 
Thanks for their Refpe&s {hewn to them, and gave 
them Leave to fend fuch an Anfwer, either jointly 
or feverally, as they fliould think fit. 

Mr. Prynn-e^ from the Houfe of Commons, 
^brought up feveral Votes, which they had pafied, 
and defired their Lordfhips Coucurrence to them, 
viz. That the King's Majefty be defired to make a 
fpeedy Return to his Parliament, and to the Exer- 
cife of his Kingly Office. Votes enjoining al! Mi- 
nifters to pray for the King. A Bill, intituled, An 
Aft for removing and preventing all Qutjiions find 
Difputcs concerning the AJJembling and Sitting of this 
prejent Parliament. That the Arms of the Com- 
monwealth, wherever they are ftanding, be forth- 
with taken down, and that the King's Arms be fet 
up in their Stead : The Commons having lead the 
Way, by altering the Arms over their Speaker's 
Chair, in the fame Manner. All which Particulais- 
the Lords ratified and confirmed. 

The Lords appointed a Committee to confider 
and take Information where any of the Kind's 
Goods, Jewels, or Pictures, were placed ; and to 
advife of fome Courfe how the fame might be re- 

ftored to his Majefty. Upon Information to the 

Houfe, That Yefterday a Breach of Privilege was 
made, by the Prefidcnt of the Council of State, in 
going before the Peers with his Mace, at the Pro- 
claiming of the King, it was ordered to be referred 
8 to 

278 'The Parliamentary MISTORV 

i i?. Car. II. to the Committee of Privileges, who were to meet 
1660. tnat Afternoon upon it. But this Affair, we fup- 

""7 V ~ 1 "' < "^ pofe, was accommodated privately, for we find no 
a ' V * more in the Journals about it. 

The Houfe of Commons had refolved, That all 
Proceedings fhould go in the King's Name, from 
the firft of May inclufive ; and that in all Cafes 
where the Great Seal fhall be neceflary to be ufedj 
all Proceedings do pafs accordingly. Alfo, that for? 
carrying on and expediting the Juftice of the King- 
dom, the Great Seal, now remaining in the Cufto- 
cly of the Earl of Manche/ter, and the reft of the 
Commiffioners, be ufed till further Orders. In like 
Manner all the Seals belonging to any other Courts 
fhould be fo ufed 5 and all Procefs and Proceedings 
there run in the Kind's Name. The Lords agreed 
to the laft Part of this Vote ; but, as to the Seals, 
they ordered it to be laid afide. 

The Lords appointed a Committee to confidef 
how the King was to be received on his Return ; 
and when to be fent for, and by whom. Both 
Houfes alfo ordered, That Admiral Montagu do 
obferve fuch Commands as the King's Majefty fhall 
pleafe to give him, for the Difpofal of the Fleet, or 
any Part thereof, in order to his Return. A Com- 
mittee of twelve Lords and twenty four Common- 
ers was appointed to meet and prepare Inftru&ions 
for thofe who were to go with the Letters from both 
Houfes to his Majefty, and they were ordered to fet 
forward on Friday the nth Inftant. 

May io. This being the Day appointed for the 
Thr.nfgiving, both Houfes attended their Devotions 
in the Forenoon ; but, after Noon, they both met 
again to do Bufinefs. The Commons fent up a 
Copy of the Inftructions for the Commiflioners who 
were to go to the King; which being read, fome 
Alterations were made in them, concerning the 
Arms of the Commonwealth, and then they were 
agreed to by the Commons. They were in thefe 

Of E N G L A N D. 279 

INSTRUCTIONS for Auberry Earl of Oxford, An. 12. Car. II. 
Charles Earl of Warwick, Lionel Earl of Mid- l66 - 
<ilefex, Leicefter Vifcount Hereford, George Lord **~~Tf~~~* 
Berkeley, Robert Lord Brooke, Lord Herbert, 
Lord Mandeville, Lord Bruce, Lord Caftleton, 
Lord Falkland, Lord Fairfax, Denzil Holies, Efq\ 
Sir Horatio Townfhend, Sir John Holland, Sir 
Anthony Afhley Cooper, Sir George Booth, and 
Sir Henry Cholmley. 

'OU are to begin your Journey towards 


__ Majefty on Friday next, and make a fp ee dy theCommiffion - 
Repair to fuch Place where his Majefty (hall be, and Houfes that were 


' humbly to prefent the Letters wherewith you are to go to the 
' refpeclively intrufted by both Houfes of Parliament. K 

' You are to acquaint his Majefty with what great 
' Joy and Acclamation he was proclaimed in and 

* about the Cities of London and Wejlminfter, upon 
the 8th Day of May Inftant, and prefent the Pro- 
' clamation itfelf unto his Majefty; and to acquaint 

* him with the Orders of both Houfes to have the 
' fame proclaimed throughout the Kingdoms of 
4 England and Ireland, Dominion of Wales, and the 
' Town of Berwick upon Tweed. And that both 
c Houfes have ordered that all and every the Mini- 

* fters throughout the Kingdoms of England and 
' Ireland be injoined, in their public Prayers, to pray 

* for his Aloft Excellent Majefty, and for the Molt 

* Illuftrious Prince, James Duke of York, and the reft 

* of the Royal Progeny. And alfo that they have 
c ordered that the aflumed Arms of the late pre- 

* tended Commonwealth, wherever they are ftand- 

* ing, be taken down ; and. that his Majefty's Arms 

* be fet up inftead thereof. And you are to corn- 

* municate to his Majefty the Resolutions of both 
' Koufes relating to this lnftrution. 

4 You are to acquaint his Majefty with the earneft 

* Defire of both Houfes, that his Majefty will be 

* pleafed to make a fpeedy Return to his Pavlia- 

* ment, and to the Exercife of his Kingly Office : 
' And that, in order thereunto, both Houfes have 
' given Directions to General Montagu, one of the 

* Generals at Sea, and other Officers of the Fleet, 

The Parliamentary HISTOKV 

to obferve fuch Commands as his Majefty flialt 
pleafe to give him or them for Difpofal of the Fleet, 
in order to his Majefty 's Return. And you are" 
to communicate to his Majefty the Refolutions of* 
both Houfes relating to this Inftruftion. 
4 That the Committee from both Houfes do be- 
feech his Majefty that they may know where he 
propofeth to take Shipping, and to land at his 
coming over, that Preparation may be made for 
his Reception; and which of his Majefty's Houfes 
he intendeth to make ufe of at his firft coming to 
London; and whether he will come ail the Way by 
Land after he comes on Shore, or whether he will 
pleafe to come by Water from Grave fend to Lon- 
don ; and that his Majefty will declare in what 
Manner he is pleafed to be received*' 

The Commons had fent to defire a Conference 
\vith the Lords, on the Matter of laying afide their 
Vote, about ufmg the Great Seal > which being 
held, the Earl of Mancbefler made a Report of it to 
this Effect : 

' Th'at Mr. Annejley, who managed the Confe- 
J-ence, faid, there were many Inconveniences the 
Kingdom fufFered for want of the Ufe of the Great 
Seal ; and, to fortify this, he gave many Reafons to 
move their Lordfhips Concurrence herein. 

1. * There was fo great an Obftru<5tion in all the 
Courts of Juftice for want thereof, that all Writs, 
Fines, and AiTurances, were flopped, fo as there 
could be none now, whereby the Subject fufFered 
much ; that three Terms have been loft already, and 
there is Danger of having no Affizes j fo there will 
be Lofs of a whole Year's Juftice. 

2. ' There is an Obftru&ion in the Revenue. 
Orders are made for iffuing out of Monies which are 
not obeyed : No Provifion can be made for tha 
King's Reception : Bufinefs at the Committee for 
the Army is flackened, and they fear that if Mo- 
hies cannot be brought in for paying the Army, the 
Soldiers will be neceflltated to lie upon free Quar- 
tfer { The Committee for the Navy and Admiralty 

Of ENGLAND. 281 

tannot fet out the Fleet for want of the Great Seal : An. n. Car. II, 
The Officers are at a Stand, the Excife and Cuftoms l66o 
are at a Stand, becaule the Officers are tender to 
act without Ordeis under the Great Seal, whereby 
great LofTes come to the Kingdom : For whereas 
the Excife and Cuilom came lately to 1 0,000 /. per 
Week, now they are not above 5000 /. $er Week, 
by reafon of this Obftrudlion. 

' He further laid, In former Times Ufe was made 
of other Great Seals upon Occufion ; as, in King 
James's Time, upon the Death of Queen Elizabeth; 
*Fhat the Houfe of Commons could not lend forth 
XVrits, to fill up their Houfe with Members, for 
want of the Ufe of the Great Seal ; and they did not 
know what Inconveniences may be, if their Lord* 
ihips do not fpeedily concur with the Houfe of 
Commons, that there may be a prefent Ufe of the 

Great Seal.' But we are deficient whether it was 

agreed to or not. 

The Commons, --on their meeting this Day, firil 
ordered the Thanks of the Houfe to be returned to 
Mr. Price, for his great Pains-taking in his Thankf- 
giving Sermon, preached in the Forenoon before the 
Houfe ; and that he be defired to print his Sermon. 

They alfo voted the Sum of 5000 /. for the 
Duke of Ttork^ and the fame Sum to the Duke of 
Gloucejler, for their prefent Supply and Accommo- 
dation ; but afterwards, that of the Duke of Tork's 

Was made io,OOO/.- Ordered, * That the Scots 

Colours, taken at Dunbar and Worccfter, and now 
hanging up in WeftminJhr-ilaU, be forthwith taken 
down ; the Serjeant at Arms to lee it done accord- 
ingly : Ordered, alfo, * That While ball and \\\zMews 
be cleared of all Soldiers, Lodgers, &c. except thofc 
who are attendant on the Council of State ; and that 
all the Lodgings (hould be broke open belonging to 
thofe who were gone out of Town, and had taken 
the Keys with them.' 

Mr. Anncjley reports, from the Committee ap- 
pointed to confider of the Manner of the King's 
Return and Reception, and of Preparations requifite 


282 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Atvta. Car. II. to thofe Ends, three Lifts of Things necelTary to be 
1660. provided for his Majefty's Service, viz. * 

May. j^ Things necejfary to be provided for his Majejlfs 
Service^ and his Brothers, the Dukes of York, and 

Neceflaries to fre A rich Bed, to be of Velvet, either embroidered 

provided for the^,^ Q^ or i ace( ^ and lined with Cloth of Silver 

or Sattin, as (hall be beft approved of; with a high 

Chair of State, two high Stools, one Foot-ftool, and 

two Cufhions, all fuitable to the Bed. 

' Two great Quilts or Mattrefles of Sattin, fuit- 
able to the Lining of the Bed. 

4 Two thick Fuftian Quilts, to lie under the Sat- 
tin Quilts ; one Down Bolfler, one Pair of Fuftian 
Blankets, and one Pair of Spanijh Blankets. 

* One Clofe-ftool fuitable to the Bed. 

* Six Pair of Holland Sheets, having twenty-four 
Ells of Holland in a Pair, at ten Shillings, eleven 
Shillings, or twelve Shillings the Ell. 

1 Two Beds- more for the King's Majefty, to be 
removing Beds, either of Scarlet Cloth or of Velvet, 
all lined with Sattin ; and all Neceffaries to each 
Bed as to the former Bed, except Sheets. 

' And for the prefent, two Beds, of the like 
Goodneft, to be made for the Duke of York and the 
Duke otGloncefter, with all Particulars as the others, 
and fix Pair of Sheets for each of the Duke's Beds. 

4 For the prelent twenty large Pallet Beds, with 
Bolfters, twenty large Tapeftry Counterpains, 
twenty Pair of good large Blankets, forty Pair of 
good Holland Sheets, of eighteen Ells in each Pair, 
being of Holland of three Shillings and Sixpence per 
Ell for thofe Beds. 

' Twenty good double yellow Ground Carpets, 
of Turkey making, and fix Hides, fix Cart Canvaffes. 

* There muft be provided alfo Tenter-hooks, 
Hammers, Tacks, and fuch like Neceffaries for the 

* For Table Linen for his Majevty, twelve Da- 
rn afk Table-Cloths for his Majefty's own Table, as 

a From the Journals ef the Commons, Vol. VJII. p. 21. 

O/ E N G L A N D. 283 

many Towels, and fix Napkins for every Table- An. n. Car. If. 
Cloth. The like for each Duke, if they eat afunder i l66 - 
but if they eat together, half the Proportion. **~M~*~ J 

* For other Diets for the great Lords, tho' Table 
Linen was allowed them, yet they ufed their own 

' Inferior Diets had Holland or Flaxen Table- 
Cloths, but no Napkins. 

' A rich Coach alfo, the Infide Crimfon Velvet, 
richly laced and fringed ; Liveries for two Coach- 
men and two Poftiflions fuitable. The Footmen 
ihould have Liveries and Coats fuitable. 

II. A Particular of what is at prefect necej/ary to be 
provided for his Majefty's Service, humbly offered tl 
the Confederation of this Honourable Board. 
' Two Coaches, the one for travelling, the other 
to be a rich one. 

Two Sets of Coach Horfes. 
Liveries for two Coachmen, two Poftillions, fix 
Grooms, and ten Footmen. 

Two rich Saddles for the great Horfe. 
Six Pad -Saddles. 

Four Sumpter- Horfes and Cloaths to them. 
Two Horfes for the great Saddle. 
Provifions of all Sorts to be laid into the Mews 
againft his Majefty's coming. 

III. A Memorial of Flags., &c. for the Fleet. 
f A Standard, ~ 

A Jack, Uillc 

jAnEnfign, -. f 5Uk ' 

\r n J A Suit of Pendants, J 
Xfeh.< Wjfift C!otheS) Scarlet , 

| A rich Barge, of the fame Dimenfion as 
this we have, of thirty-three Feet, with 
(^ a Standard. 
Vice-Admiral. f Flags, } 

| Jacks, S-Silk. 

Rear- Admiral.^ Enfi^ns, 3 

J A Suit of good Kerfey Waift 
I Clothes. 


284 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. if. Car. ii. * In moft of the Frigates there will need the King's 
6 Arms, either carved or in painted Cloth. 

* Carvers, Painters, and a Glazier, for every Flag 
Ship, will be neceflary. 

4 The General's Cabbin to be new glazed with 
fquare Glafs. 

< Wardrobe Men and Upholfterers to be brought 

4 Mr. KennerJJey will be very ufeful to confer 
with about what is neceflary herein. 

4 Beale's Galley, and a Standard. 

4 Beale and Simpfan^ and a choice Noife of Trum- 

4 Singleton's Muflc. 

4 Refolved, That this Houfe doth agree with the 
Committee, that the Particulars, contained in the 
three Lifts now prefented, be forthwith provided 
and furnifhed for the Service and Accommodation 
of his Majefty. 

4 Ordered, That it be referred to the Council of 
State, to caufe the fame to be provided and furnifhed 
accordingly; and that they are impowered to charge 
any Part of the public Revenue, for raifing of Mo- 
nies to pay for the fame.' 

A Declaration was drawn up, for directing the 
Commiffioners of the Admiralty and Navy of the 
Cuftoms and the Excife, the Committee for the 
Army, and all other Officers relating to the Reve- 
nue, Army, and Navy, who were in Office on the 
25th of Jpril, 1660, to proceed forthwith in the 
Execution of their refpe6tive Commiffions, Offices, 
and Employments ; and fliall exercife the fame in the 
King's Majefty 's Name and Stile, according to their 
feveral Powers, Authorities, andlnftructions, to them 
given, on the 25th Day of y//>r/7aforefaid, till further 
Orders. Agreed to by both Houfes, and ordered to 
be printed and publifhed. 

May 12. This Day a Petition was prefented to 
the Houfe of Lords, and read, and was as fol- 
loweth : 

Of E N G L A N D. 285 

To the LORDS in Parliament ajfcmbled. An. 12. Car. II. 

The PETITION of Auberry de Vere Earl o/Oxford' l66 ' 
Shewing, May. 

' rr* H AT the Office and Place of High Cham- Petition of the 
J. berlain of England, with all the Rights and l"\ 
' Privileges thereunto appertaining, hath, ever fince 
< the Beginning of the Reign of King Henry the 

* Second, belonged unto your Petitioner's Anceftors, 
' and is the undoubted Right and Inheritance of your 

* Petitioner ; and hath, thro' many Ages and De- 

* fcents, been enjoyed by his Progenitors untill that, 
c in the firft Year of the Rein of the late King 

* Charles of Blefled Memory, Robert 

* of Erfbye^ afterwards Earl of Lindfay, did, with- 
< out any Right or Title, ufurp the fame, and in- 
' trude himfelf therein, getting into his Hands divers 
' antient Evidences concerning the fame. And 

* Montagu Earl of Lindfay, his Son, doth now claim 

* the faid Office, as belonging to him and his Heirs, 

' Humbly prayeth, That you would be pleafed 
' to fufpend the faid Montagu Earl of Lindfay'sE,x.e- 
' cution of the faid Office untill your Petitioner's 
' Right and Title may be heard and determined : 

* And that the faid Montagu Earl of Lindfay^ may 
' fhew what Right and Title he hath to the faid 
' Office and Chamberlainfliip, and make Anfwer 
unto the Premifes. OXFORD. 

This Petition was agreed to by both Houfes. 

Upon the humble Addrefs of the Commiffioners 
employed from the Kingdom of Ireland, mewing, 
That, in regard his Majefty's Letters and Declara- 
tions to both Houfes of Parliament do not at all 
mention Ireland^ or any the Concernments of that 
Kingdom ; which, by reafon of the fad Confequence 
of the late bloody Rebellion there, hath been cart 
into great Diforder and Confufion, and fo doth ne- 
ceflarily require fpeedy and healing Provifions and 
Remedies; and therefore defiring the Affiftance and 
Concurrence of the Houfes of Parliament to his Ma- 
jefty fur the calling and holding a Parliament there 


286 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. is. formerly, for Remedy of the unfettled Condition 
1660. O f t hj s Kingdom : It is ordered by the Lords 
**~~M~~~* and Commons in Parliament aflembled, ' That 
* y< it be offered and prefented, and it is hereby offered 
and prefented, as the Advice and Defire of the Par- 
liament, That his Majefty may be gracioufly plea- 
fed, upon the Repair of Commifftoners to him from 
that Kingdom, with all convenient Speed, to call 
a Parliament in Ireland to confift of Proteftant Peers 
and Commons, as being the moft vifible Means for 
the regulating and fettling of the refpe&ive Interefts 
in that unfettled Kingdom.' 

The Houfe of Commons proceeded in their 
70,000 /. a Month Afleflment Bill, and read over 
the Commiffioners Names, and then ordered it to be 
engroffed. Information being given to the Houfe, 
that there was an Offer made of discovering 200,000 /. 
due to, and concealed from, the Government, they 
immediately appointed a Committee to examine in- 
to the faid Diicovery. 

An Act of General Pardon, Indemnity, and Ob- 
livion, was this Day read a fecond Time in that 
Houfe ; and ibme Votes in the Journal of Dec. 12, 
1650, concerning the Trial of the late King, 
were alfo read, as alfo a Record, intituled, A Jour- 
nal of the Proceedings of the High Court of Juflice^ 
treRed by an Afi of the Commons of England, for the 
trying and judging of Charles Stuart, "king of Eng- 
land, was read. After which, divers Members of 
the Houfe, then prefent, who were named Commif- 
fioners in the faid Att, flood up in their Places, and 
did feverally exprefs how far they were concerned 
in the faid Proceedings, and their Senfe thereupon. 

One Mr. Lenthall^ a Member of the Houfe, hap- 
pening to fpcak in the Debate on the Bill of Indem- 
nity, (aid, He that drew bis Sword apahiji the King 9 
committed as high an Offence as he that cut off the 
Kings Head. Exception was taken ?t chefe Words, 
and Mr. Lenthall was ordered to the Bar ; when the 
Speaker, by Order of the Houfe, gave him the fol 
lowing Reprimand : 


Of ENGLAND. 287 

c Mr. Lenthall, The Houfe hath taken very great An. 12. Car. II. 

* Offence at fome Words you have let fall, upon l66 - 

' Debate of this Bufmefs, of the Bill of Indemnity j ' "IA~*~* 

* which, in the Judgment of this Houfe, hath as 

' high a Reflection on the Juftice and Proceedings A fevere Repri- 
' of the Lords and Commons, in the laft Parlia mand from the 
mem, in their Adings before 1648,' as could be 8 a 

* expreffed. They apprehend there is much of 
' Poiibn in the Words, and that they were fpoken 

* out of Defign to fet this Houfe on Fire; they tend- 
' ing to render them that drew the Sword, to bring 
' Delinquents to condign Punifhment, and to vindi- 
' cate their juft Liberties, into Balance with them 

* that cut off the King's Head ; of which Adi they 
' exprefs their Abhorrence and Deteftation, appeal- 

* ing to God, and their Confcience bearing them 
' Witnefs, that they had no Thoughts againft his 
' Perfon, much lefs againft his Life. Therefore I 

* am commanded to let you know, That had theie 
' Words fallen out at any other Time but in this 
' Parliament, or at any Time in this Parliament but 
when they had Coniiderations of Mercy, Pardon, 

* and Indemnity, you might have expected a fharper 

* and feverer Sentence than I am now to pronounce: 

* But the Difpofition of his Majefty is to Mercy ; 

* he hath invited his People to accept it, and it is 
' the Difpofition of the Body of this Houfe to be 
' Healers of Breaches, and to hold forth Mercy to 
' Men of all Conditions, fo far as may ftand with 

* Juftice, and the Juftification of themfelves before 
' God and Man. 1 am therefore commanded to let 
' you know, that Tha'i: being their Difpofition, and 

* the prefent Subject of this Day's Debate being 
' Mercy, you (hall therefore tafte of Mercy j yet I 
' am to give you a {harp Reprehenfion j and I do as 
' ftiarply and feverely as I can (for fo I am com- 
' manded) reprehend you for it.' b 

May 14. However, the Houfe of Commons be- 
gan at this Time to queftion the Regicides, and an 
Order was made this Day, That all thofe Perfon?, 

4 \vli 

* From t^e Cammvnt Journals, Vol. VIII. p. 34.. 

283 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. who fat in Judgment upon the late King's Majefty, 
1660. when the Sentence was pronounced for his Condem- 
^^"M^**** nation, fliould be forthwith fecured : Alfo that Mr. 
John Cooke,AndrewBrougbton, JohnPbelpes, and Ed~ 
ivard Dendy; thofe two Perfons who were employ- 
ed for the Execution of his late Majefty, and one 
Matthew i who boafted that he was an Inftrument in 
the faid Execution, and had a Reward of 300 /. for 
it : Likewife Cornet Joice, who feized upon the 
Perfon of his late Majefty at Holmby, fhould be all 

A Lift of the Names of thofe who fat in Judg- 
ment on the late King, was ordered to be delivered 
to the Serjeant at Arms attending this Houfe ; and 
all Officers, both Civil and Military, were required 
to be Affiftants to the Serjeant, or his Deputies, in 
fecuring thole Perfons, or fuch others as are named 
above. The Houfe being informed that Mr. John 
Cooke was in Cuftody in Ireland, they ordered him. 
to be fent over hither with all Speed. 

4 Refolved, on theQueftion, That the Number of 
feven, of thofe who fat in Judgment, when Sentence 
xvas given upon the late King, (hall be excepted, for 
Life and Eftate, out of the Act for General Pardon 
and Oblivion,' 

The Lords fent a Meffage to the Commons, 
That they had appointed a Committee of fixteen, to 
meet that Afternoon, to confer about the Manner of 
the King's Reception, and dehred a proportionable 
Number of the other Houfe would meet them at the 
fame Time. On which the Commons named the 
following Gentlemen to attend the Loids as a Com- 
mittee of their Houfe for that Purpofe : The Lord- 
General Monke, Mr, Pierepoint, Mr. Crewe, Col. 
Rojjiter, Mr. Knlgbtley, Col. Popham, Col, Morley t 
Lord Fairfax, Sir Anthony AJbley Cooper, Sir Gilbert 
Gerrard, Lord-Commiffioner Widdrington, Sir John 
Evelyn, of F/ilts, Sir William Waller, Sir Richard 
OtsJJow, Sir William Lewis, Col. Hurley, Col. Nor- 
ton, Mr. Annejley, Mr. Holies, SIT John Temple, Mr, 
Trevor, Sir jo bit Holland, Col. Birch, Mr, Sv>int 

Of E N G L A N D. 289 ' 

Serjeant Maynard, Sir Join Northcot, Sir Anthony An. iz. Car. II; 
/ry, Lord Howard, Mr. Turner, Mr. //'&, Mr. 1660. 

Morris^ and Sir Henry Telverton. 


jfc/rfy 15. This Day the Lords appointed a Com- 
mitteeof their ownHoufe, toconfider what Ordinan- 
ces have been made, fince the Peers in Parliament 
were voted ufelefs, and which now pafs as Acts of 
Parliament. And that they draw up and prepare a 
Bill to prefent to the Houfe, to repeal what they 
lhall think fit. 

The lame Day the Commons ordered Secretary 
Thurloe to be fecured by the Serjeant at Arms, on 
a Charge of High Treafon exhibited againft him ; 
and appointed a Committee to take his Examina- 
tion that Afternoon. Ordered, * That Sir Henry 
Mildmay, Mr. Cornelius Holland, and Mr. Nicholas 
Love, do attend the Committee, for the King's 
Reception; to give an Account what was become of 
the Crowns, Robes, Sceptres, and Jewels, belonging 
to his Majefty j and that fuch other Robes, or Scep- 
tres, as have been provided at the public Charge, be 
forthwith brought to the faid Committee, by fuch 
Perfons as have them in their Cuftody.' It is pro- 
bable thefe Regalia were not eafily found ; for we 
find that the Commons, this Day, appointed Tho- 
mas Langhorn, Citizen, and Skinner, of London ', to 
provide new Robes of Ermines for his Majefty; and 
Alderman Vyner to provide a Crown and Sceptre, 
the Eftimate of which amounted to about 900 /. To 
which the Lords alfo agreed. 

The Commons next refumed the Debate upon 
the Bill for a general Pardon, Indemnity, and Obli- 
vion : And, after fome Time fpent therein, it was 
refolved, * That John Brad/haw, deceafed, late Ser- 
jeant at Law, Oliver Cromwell, deceafed, Henry 
Ireton, deceafed, and Thomas Pride, deceafed, be 
fome of thofe who (hall be attainted, by A& of Par- 
liament, for the Murder of the late King's Majefty : 
And that their Attainders fhall take Place from the 
the ill Day of January, 1648;' after which the 
faid Bill was committed to Lord Commiflioner Tyr+ 

VOL. XXII. T rtl/ 9 

290 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. rell, Sir Anthony Irby, Mr. Prynne, Mr. John Ste- 

i_ - 66 ' . /^ J > Serjeant Glyn, Mr. Turner, Lord Prefident 

L ~""]^ ' Annejley, Serjeant Maynard, Sir Walter Erie, Mr. 

Swanton, Mr. Underdo, Mr. Foxwift, Mr. ^o^tf 

The Bill for a Hatcher ; Serjeant /fa/W, Mr. JFY<;A, Sir Gilbert 

general Pardon Qerrard, Mr. G0tt, Mr. Wejion, Sir //>A yfyte, 

committed. Colone j / r ,/^ Mr. /.%, Mr. /#/*, Colonel 

J5/Vr, Mr. Jolliffe, Mr. Charlton, Mr. Calmady, 

Colonel #/, Sir JobnNorfhc/rt, Mr. Mallet, Lord 

Commiffioner Widdrlngton, Sir y<?^ Lowther, Mr. 

Brodrick, Colonel Litton, Mr. Peckham, Mr. //^- 

ry Hungerford, Serjeant Brotvn, Mr. Lucy, Mr. 

Eamfield, Sir Trevor Williams, Colonel Jones, Sir 

P*f*r Temple, Mr. Crouch, Sir Wilfrid Lawfon, Mr. 

Ferrers, Mr. Earnley, Mr. Wendy, Sir William 

Lewis, Colonel Bevvy er, Lord If award, Mr. Young, 

Mr. Brooks, Colonel Harley, and all the Gentle- 

men of the Long Robe. 

The late King's ^^y 1 6. The Lords were this Day informed, that 
Statue, now at the Earl of Portland had lately difcovered where a 
Charing Crofs, |j ra f s Horfe, with his late Majefty's Figure upon it, 
was hid ; which, in Juftice, the Earl fuppofes be- 
Jongs to him ; and there being no Courts of Juftice 
now open, wherein he can fue for it, doth humbly 
defire the Lords to order it to be removed from the 
Place where it now is ; not defaced nor otherways 
difpofed of, till the Title be determined at Law to 
whom it belongs. The Lords ordered accordingly. 
This was the famous Statue fmce fet up at Charing- 

The Earl of Dorfet reported, from the Commit- 
tee for the King's Reception, that Yefterday they 
had before them feveral of the King's Servants, 
Sir Robert Fenn, Sir Henry Wood, Clerk of the 
Green Cloth, Mr. Kennerfley, of the Wardrobe, 
Mr. Armory, of the Stable, and Mr. Jackfon, Clerk 
of the Kitchen j and they gave in thefe Eftimates 
following, viz. 

For Neceflaries for the King's pre- 1 /. s. d, 
fent Reception, as Silver Plates of fe- > 220O o o 
veral Sorts and Sizes j 



Brought over 2200 
For Table Linen of all Sorts ' 300 
For a Week's Diet at 53 /. per Diem 350 
For Coaches and Stables 2950 
For furniming his Majefty's Bed- 1 g 

Chamber, CSfr. J 

For repairing the Mews IOOO 
Repair of Whitehall, St. James's \ 

and Somerfet-Hoitfe, eftimated at J $ 000 
The Crown and Sceptre, betides > . 

Robes y " 

o o 
o o 

o o 

14501 19 o 

This Report was confirmed by the Houfe. 

An Order was made by the Houfe of Commons, 
on this Day, that James Northfolk, Efq; Serjeant 
at Arms attending that Houfe, fhould forthwith feize 
upon, and fecure, all the Goods, sV. late belonging 
to John Brad/haw^ Serjeant at Law, wherever he 
can find them : And that, in Cafe of Refiftance, he 
be impowered to break open any Doors and Locks 
for the more effectual Execution of this Service. 
Alfo, that the Records, Books, Papers, and other 
Writings, relating to the Public, in the Hands of 
Mr. John Phelpes, be forthwith fecured by Mr, 
Prynne and Colonel Bowyer, Members of this Houfe, 
and fuch as have been removed and fecured, in whofe 
Hands foever they may be found. An Order was 
made likewife, That all the Books and Papers be- 
longing to the Library of the Archbifhop of Can- 
terbury, and now, or lately, in the Hands of Hugh 
Peters^ be forthwith fecured. 

Mr. Annefley^ Lord Prefident of the Council of 
State, reported, from them, a Particular of the Sums 
of Money charged, by Order and Warrants of the 
Council of State, upon the feveral Treafuries there- 
in named, from February 25th, 1659, to May 1 5th, 
1660, which was as follows : 

T * A 

292 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car.H.y/ PARTICULAR of the Sums of Money, charged ty 
56o< Orders and Warrants from the Council of State, 

the federal Treasuries after-named, from Fe- 
bruary 25, 1659, to May 15, 1660, viz. 

Charged on the Receipt of the public Exchequer. 
Charges on the For his Excellency the Lord- -j /. s. d. 
Revenue by the General Monke, on an Aft of the / 
Counc.1 of State. Jate p arliamentj cf whkh there is >2000C 

yet unpaid the Sum of 48567. J 

For Dunkirk Garrifon 19006 8 10 

For Savoy and -/y-//0&/^Hofpitals 2000 O 

For the Council's Contingencies 8400 o o 

For Mr. Martin Noell, to en-^ 

able him to ftrike a Tally, for fo 

much paid by him, on Orders of 

the former Council of State, to 

Gen. Montagu, and for the Com- 

miflioners Plenipotentiaries of this 

Commonwealth at the Sound 

For Alderman Thomas Vyner and" 
Aid. ChriJIopherPacke, Treafurers 
for the Collection-Money for Pied- 
mont and Poland, for fo much or- 
dered from them, by the late Par- 
liament, into the Exchequer, none 
of which is paid 

And for fo much depofited in the' 
Exchequer, of clipp'd Brafs Mo- 
ney, Part of the faid Collection- 

For the Earl and Countefs of 
Nottingham, on Penfions from his 
late A'lajefty, and confirmed by 
Parliament, viz. 

To the faid Earl, all unpaid 300 o O 
To the faid Countefs, all unpaid 200 o O 
For the Gentleman Porter, War- "1 
ders, and Gunners, at the Tower, [ , ? 

~for two Quarters, ended March 25, { J 

1660, no Part paid -^ 

Carried over 66773 7 n 

7252 6 2 

7978 8 9 

475 19 * 


/. s. d. An. 12. Car. H. 

Brought over 66773 j66o< 

For Chrtjlopher Piercehay^ Efq;") 
Receiver -General for York/hire, 
to enable him to ftrike a Tally for 
fo much paid by him out of his Re- v 
ceipt, on Order of the late Coun- f 
cil, to Col. Samuel Clarke, for Pay I 
of his Regiment on their March to I 

68273 7 

Of which Sum of - 68273 7 ill- 
There is paid but - : 34386 13 3 

So there is unpaid thereof 33886 14, 8-p 
'And of what was paid, there "I 
came into the Council's I 
Contingencies no more I J 
than J 

Charged on the Council's Contingencies. 
By Warrant on Mr, William -j 
^ on the iooo/. by him re- I 
ceivtd at the Receipt of Exche- 1 I00p 
quer J 

Charged on Mr. Thomas Parry, 

Treafurer of the Council's Con- 


For feveral public Services 1427 14 10 

For Salaries and Difburfements } 
to Officers in Arrear 5 IQ 

To feveral Perfons, on Account 7 
for Repairs J 7 10 

To the Officers of the late Par- ? ' " g - 
liament, on their Orders i J 43 I 5 

o 4 

For Dunkirk 1650 10 3 

For Biljs of Exchange from 1 
public Minifters abroad 5 I7 - 

Carried over 9960 17 8 
T 3 Brought 

294 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

/. s. 

An. I*. Car. II. 

Brought over 0060 17 


For Repair of Garrifons~ 800 o 


[T*jMigk| 20 Q 


For Relief, 

- not paid 5 * 


For the Ar- 

'ToCol.Stretter, J 
to pay off Gun- C 69 o 
nerSjdsV. not p d j 
To Lt. Col. />*/>-) 


par, for Fire and / 

Candle at Bury f 5 J 3 


St. Edmond's J 

To Sir John Gren- "| 

w7/^,byfomuch f 

By Order of 

borrow'dofMr. f S 


the prefent^ 
Parliament, 1 

Forth J 
To General Ed- J 
ward Montagu, > 500 O 
not paid 3 

So the To 

al charged on the ) 
sContingenciesis,r9 6 5 > 


ts charged on Mr. j IOQO Q 

on Mr. Parry 11865 o 


12865 o 

Whereof paid by Mr. Jeffop, J 

being the Whole received > 1000 o 


by him J 
By Mr. Parry, Part of 2000 /. "J 

by him received, with the ( , 
500 /. advanced by Mr. f 4 * 3 




Total paid 

is ' 3460 i? 


So refts unpaid 9404 6 


Charged on the Committee for the Army. 
For the Forces in England 8938 4 6 
Carried over 


Of E N G L A N D. 295 

/. s. d. An. 12. Car. II. 

Brought over 8938 4 6 l66 - 

For the Forces in Scotland 13329 8 o **~M~** 

For the Forces in, and belong- ? 77CO o 
ing to, Ireland } ^^ 

For tranfporting 70 Recruits to 7 40 o o 

Dunkirk 3 :: ~T 

45657 12 6 

Charged on the Almoner, Dr. Barnard. 

For Lady Inchequin, not paid - 100 O O 

For Inhabitants of Dover, for } 
quartering fick and wounded Sol- > 300 O O 
diers fent from Dunkirk, not paid J 

For Mr. Samuel Rartlib, in Part } 
of his Arrears of what was allow'd > 200 o o 
him by the State, not paid 3 5 OO ^ ^" 

Charged on the Treafury of the Navy. 

For General Af0;rtflH, advanced 7 Q 

on his going to Sea 3 

For General Penn, for a fpe- 7 I00 o o 
cial Service $ 

Charged on the Treafurers for ) /- 

the Piedmont Colleaion-Money 5 

Charged on the Prize-Office 45 o o 
Charged on Sherwood- Foreft - 20 o o 

5321 o o 

PENSIONS charged by Orders of tie Council sf State. 

On the Exchequer, per Week 17 5 o 

On the Cour 
cies, per Week 

On the Council's Contingen- 1 

to > 10 o o 

The Houfe approved of this Account, in all its 
Particulars; and ordered, That the Monies charged 
by the refpe6tive Warrants be paid accordingly : 
And the Thanks of the Houfe were ordered alfo to 
be returned by the Speaker to the Council, for their 
great and careful Service's. 


, 296 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An; . Car. II. A Lift of fuch of his Majefty's Ships of the Na- 
1660. vy-Royal, now in Pay, and not of the Summer's 
Guard ; with an Account of the Wages due to them, 
to the firft of May^ 1660, and the Charge they are 
at, was read as followeth : 


Rates. Skip* 

Men. Guns. Waget due to May i . 

/. s. d. 

A Lift of the 3. Lamport 
Navy of England Torrin gton 
at this Time, ^- >tP ' 
4. Kentiih 

210 50 
210 52 
150 40 

#854 i 9 
. .9^80 3 9 
3025 6 o 


140 40 

6386 14 3 


150 40 

4432 8 8 


140 40 

5206 ii 9 


13 3 8 

2163 14 3 

Namptwich - 

140 40 

4430 H 3 


140 40 

3785 H 3 


156 40 

657811 9 

Ta union 

140 40 

5220 o 3 


i'3 38 

437 6 o 


no 36 

5175 4 8 


ioo 34 

3310 10 3 


J3 3 8 

3167 3 o 

Conft. Warwick 

115 32 

2619 10 3 


130 38 

5H7 7 6 

Marmaduke - 

no 32 

2629 18 6 

5. Soilings 

IOO 22 

5811 18 o 


ICO 22 

2787 7 2 


90 2O 

3579 8 10 


QO 26 

4604 19 o 


85 20 

2480 12 o 

Greyhound - 

85 20 

3512 3 9 


60 16 

1619 o o 

6. Weymouth - 

60 14 

1415 10 o 


60 1 6 

3452 15 Q 


45 Jo 

1007 ~ 6 4 


35 6 
35 6 

840 14 o 
833 2 6 


35 8 

1545 19 6 


30 6 

88 1. 7 6 

Carried over 3441 120162 4 8 


Of E N G L A N D. 297 

P.atet. Sbips. 

Men. Guns. Wages due to May i. 




Brought over 









l6 93 







T 4 

















1 7 


TrueWe ? 
Henrietta 3 




J 7 








Ships 40 Men 3681 128992 4 o 

Memorandum, The Charge of thefe forty Ships, 
which are unneceflUi ily kept abroad, will, for every 
Month they continue unpaid, amount to the Sum of 
11,085 /. 

May 17. The Lords heard a Report, from their 
Committee of Privileges, by the Lord Roberts, that 
it was their Opinion, that when a MeiTiige is brought 
from the Houfe of Commons, the Speaker of this 
Houfe is to go to the Bar alorfe, and receive the Mef- 
iage ; the reft of the Lords fitting in their Places ; 
which the Houfe approved of, and ordered it to be 
added to the Roll of the Orders of this Houfe. 

The Commons ordered, That alt the Titles of 
Honour received from the late Protectors, Other 
and Richard, or' from Henry Cromwell, Son of the 
faid Oliver, by any Perfon named a Commiflianer, 
in the Ordinance for three Months Afleflment, be 
omitted and ftruck out of the faid Ordinance. 

The Bill for laying an AffeiTment of 7O,000/. a 
Month, for three Months, was this Day read a third 
Time ; and, after allowing the following additional 
Amendment, fent from the Lords, the Commons 
palled the Bill ; and fent it back to the Lords for 
their Concurrence. 

4 Whereas the Pay of his Majefty's Armies depends 
upon due Satisfaction of the Arrears of former AfTefT- 
ments and of the AiTeflment of 100,000 /. by the 
Month, now collecting by virtue of an Act, for fix 



298 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ia. Car. II. Months, beginning the 25th of December laft pafi, 
1660. an j en< jj n g t he 24th of "June next, and other Reve- 
C ""T^""" <1 ~' nues due by Recufants and others; whereof, if punc- 
tual and timely Payment be not made (tho' not origi- 
nally impofed by fuch an Authority as was legal) the 
Soldiers will be neceffitated to live upon free Quar- 
ter, to the great Oppreifion of the feveral Counties : 
Out of a tender Care, therefore, to prevent fo great 
an Inconvenience to the Country, and Difcourage- 
ment to the Soldiery, and to promote his Majefty's 
prefent Service, the Lords and Commons in Parlia- 
ment aflembled do hereby order and declare, (in re- 
f'pect of the inftant Necefiky, there being no other 
"Way to avoid the Inconveniency herein mentioned) 
That the Commiflioners for the AfTelTment, in the 
feveral Counties, Cities, and Places, by virtue hereof, 
do proceed effectually for the getting in of all Arrears 
of Affeffments, and of the Monies unpaid upon the 
faid Act, or any other Act, according to the Pro- 
portions and Powers therein contained : And all 
Collectors and other Perfons whatfoever, charged 
with ths Gathering or Payment of any Part thereof, 
are forthwith (all Pretences and Excufes to the con- 
trary fet aiide) to fatisfy and pay their feveral and re- 
fpective Proportions, according to the Directions of 
the faid Acts, as they will avoid fuch Penalties as will 
necelTarily fall upon them, in cafe of their Refufal, 
and the further Difpleafure of the Parliament. And 
it is further ordered and declared, That all Receivers, 
and other Officers and Perfons, as well Tenants, as 
others whatfoever, concerned in the Receipt or Pay- 
ment of any Part of the Revenue, do make due Ac- 
compts and Payments of what they, and every of 
them, are charged with, or liable to ; as they will 
be anfwerablc for their Contempt and Neglect, in a 
Time when his Majefty's and the Kingdom's Ser- 
vice and Occafions require the moft punctual Satif- 
faction of what is refpectively due from them : And 
the Receipt of the feveral Treafurers appointed for the 
AfTeffinents, and the Officers of the Exchequer there- 
unto appointed refpectively, fhall be a fufficientDif- 
charge to all Perfon and Perfons, that fhall make 


Of E N G L A N D. 299 

Payment of any Sura of Sums of Money, by virtue An. it. Car. n. 

May 1 8. A MeflTage was brought from the Houfe 
of Commons, by Mr. Prynne and others, with feveral 
Votes, whereunto he defired their Lordfhips Con- 

' Refolved upon the Queftion by the and 

Commons afiembled in Parliament, That all the 
Perfons who fat in Judgment upon the late King's 
Majefty, when Sentence of Death was pronounced 
againft him and the Eftates, both Real and Perfonal, 
of all and every the faid Perfons (whether in their 
own Hands, or any other in Truft for their or any 
of their Ufes) who are fled, be forthwith feized and 
fecured, and the refpe&ive Sheriffs and other Officers 
whom this may concern are to take effectual Order 

' Refolved by the and Commons in Par- 

liament aflembled, That nothing in the Orders 
touching the feizing of the Perfons or Eftates of 
thofe who fat in Judgment upon the late King, do 
in any wife extend to Col. Matthew Tojniinfon or his 

' Refolved by the and Commons in Par- 

liament aflembled, That the Council of State do 
forthwith take Order for flopping of all the Ports, 
to the End that none of thofe who are ordered to 
be apprehended, as having fat in Judgment upon the 
late King's Majefty, may make his Efcape beyond 
the Seas. 

' Refolved, That thefe Votes, with a Lift of the 
Names of thofe who are to be fecured, be fent up 
to the Lords and their Concurrence defired. 

John Bradjhaw, Serjeant Col. Henry Ireton. 

at Law, Prefident of the Sir Hardrefs Waller. 

pretended High Court Valentine Wanton, Efq; 

of Juftice. Thomas Harrifon, Efq; 

John Z,;/^Efq; Edward Whaley, Efq; 

William %, Efq; Thomas Pride, Efq; 

Oliver Cromwell, Efq; Ifaac Ewer t Efq; 


3 oo 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. la. Car. II. Lord Grey, of Grooby. 

1660. Sir John Danvers, Knt. 
* -v ^ Sir Thomas Maleverer, 
May< Knt. and Bart. 

ourchier, Knt. 
. Hevcningbam, Efq; 
Alderman Pennington of 

London. , 
William Pursfoy, Efq; 
Henry Mart 'en , Efq; 
7o/; Bark/had, Efq; 
Matthew Tomlinfon, Efq; 
5M Blakijhn, Efq; 
Gilbert Millington, Efq; 
Sir William Conjlable, 


Edmund Ludlow, Efq; 
_7^ Hutchinfon, Efq; 
Sir Michael Livefay^ 


Robert Ticlborne^ Efq; 
Owen Rowe^ Efq; 
Robert Li/burtie, Efq; 
Adrian Scrape^ Efq; 
Richard Deane, Efq; 
, Efq; 
n^ Efq; 
, Efq; 

Cornelius Holland^ Efq; 
, Efq; 

John "Jones, Efq; 
Miles Corbet, Efq; 
Francis Allen, Efq; 
Peregrine Pelham, Efq; 
John Moore, Efq; 
John Alured, Efq; 
Henry Smyth, Efq; 
Humphrey Edwards, Efq; 
Greogry Clements, Efq; 
Thomas Wogan^ Efq; 
Sir Gregory Norton, Knt. 
Edmund Harvey, Efq; 
^o^ Penne, Efq; 
Thomas Scott, Efq; 
Thomas Andrews, 
William Cawley, 
Anthony Stapley, 
John DowneSy 
Thomas Horton, 
Thomas Hammond, 
Augujlin Garland, Efq; 
George Fleetwood, Efq; 
James Temple, Efq; 
Daniel Blagravt, Efq; 
Thomas ffrayte, Efq; 
Nicholas Love, Efq; 
Vincent Potter, Efq; 
^tf/Jtt Dixwell, Efq; 

Mayne, Efq; 

Temple, Efq; 

The Earl of Lincoln, Vifc. &2y and 6W^, and.Lord 
Roberts being appointed by the Houfe to confider of 
the faid Votes with the Lift of the Names, they went 
out of the Houfe prefently to confider of fhe fame. 

The Meflengers of the Houfe of Commons being 
called in, they were told by the Speaker, That the 
Lords would return an Anfwer concerning the faid 
Votes and Lift by Meflengers of their own. 

Lord Roberts reported, That the Committee 
thought fit, inftead of the firft Vote, to have this 
Order following to be made, viz. 


Of ENGLAND. 301 

c Upon Complaint made this Day, by the Com- An. 12. Car. II. 
mons in Parliament afTembled, That all thefe Per- l66o 
fons, viz. John Brad/haw , John Lijle> and the reft, ^"^M^*^ 
(except Matthew Tomllnfon) who fat in Judgment 
upon the late King's Majefty when Sentence of 
Death was pronounced againft him; and the Eflates, 
both Real and Perfonal, of all and every the faid 
Perfons (whether in their own Hands, or in the Hands 
of any in Truft for their or any of their Ufes) who 
are fled, be forthwith feized and fecured ; and the 
refpective Sheriffs and other Officers whom this may 
concern, are to take effectual Order accordingly.' 

The Houfe, after fome Confideration of the faid 
Report, agreed unto the Alteration, and confented 
unto the Order accordingly ; and ordered, that the 
fame, with the Lift aforei'aid, fhall be printed and 

And touching the reft of the faid Matters in the 
Votes, the Lords fent a MefTage to the Houfe of 
Commons by Mr. Rich and Mr. Eltonhead, for a 
Conference to be had with them the next Morning, 
by Eleven o'Clock, in the Painted-Chamber. 

May 19. This Day the Conference was held be- 
tween the two Houfes, on the Subject of the Votes 
aforefaid ; when the Earl of Manchejler^ deputed 
by the Lords, offered the following Reafons : He 
was to let the Houfe of Commons know, ' That 
their Lordmips do not agree to thefe Votes as they 
were brought up, in refpecl: they do intrench upon 
the antient Privileges of this Houfe; Judicature in 
Parliament being folely in the Lords Houfe, and the 
Votes brought up were fuch. 

' That notwithftanding their Lordmips were fo 
careful of the Matter as they would not lofe Time 
for the Manner, and therefore have iflued out an 
Order of their own for doing that which was defir'd ; 
in which Order Col. Tomlinfon is omitted, accord - 
ing to the Defire of the Houfe of Commons. 

' That the third Vote relates to a Council of 
State, which the Lords conceive not in Being, and 
therefore have refolved that fuch Emergencies as fhall 

302 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ia. Car.n.neceflarily arife during his Majefly's Abfence, and 
1660. unt jjj h j s pi ea f ur e be further known, for his Maje- 

^""'Uf" 1 " 1 '"' fty's Service and the Peace of the Kingdom, fhall be 
tranfacted henceforth by the Committee of Lords 
and Commons appointed for the Reception of his 
Majefty, wherein their Lordfliips defire the Concur- 
rence of the Houfe of Commons.' 

The Commons, in a Grand Committee, went 
upon Ways and Means for the fpeedy raifing of a 
confiderable Sum of Money, for the Satisfaction of 
the Arrears due to the Army and Navy ; and came 
to a Refolution, That a Poll-Bill fhould be brought 
in for raifing 400,000 /. for that Purpofe. 

Mayi\. The Commons heard the Report of the 
late Conference with the Lords, concerning their 
Votes for fecuring the Perfons and Eftates of the 
King's Judges ; and appointed a Committee to pe- 
rufe their own Journal-Books, ftate the Matter of 
Fact upon the whole, and prepare Heads for a free 
Conference with the Lords about it. They alfo 
ordered that all the Ports fhould be ftopp'd, to the 
End that none of thofe Perfons fhould make their 
Efcape beyond the Seas : And that no Money or 
Bullion be exported without the Approbation of 

May 22. This Day another Conference was held 
between the two Houfes, on the Subject of the laft, 
and of which we find this Entry in the Lords "Jour- 
nals : 

The Earl of Manche/ter reported the Effect of 
the free Conference this Morning, which hisLord- 
fhip faid was managed by Mr. Annefley ; who faid, 
The Houfe of Commons had an earneft Defire to 
continue a fair Correfpondency between both the 
Houfes i and they were fenfible what Diftempers 
have been for many Years paft ; and they defired 
that all Breaches might be healed ; that this Confe- 
rence was to preferve a good Underftanding. 

' The Commons faid, That they had feen a 
printed Paper, which was printed and publifh'd from 


Of E N G L A N D. 303 

their Lordfttips, without their Concurrence or aCon- An. a. Car. If. 
Terence, or taking Notice of it : The Paper is dated l66 - 
the 1 8th of May Inftant, which mentions, That, ^^^"^ 
upon Complaint made by the Commons in Parlia- 
ment, it is ordered, by the Lords in Parliament, 
That divers Peribns (hould be fecured, who fat in 
Judgment upon the late King's Majefty, when Sen- 
tence of Death was pronounced ; which Order leaves 
them out, contrary to their Refolution, as they pre- 
fented it to this Houfe for Concurrence. 

' The Houfe of Commons take Notice that there 
was no Complaint in this Cafe made by the Com- 
mon*, nor is there any Entry thereof in their Jour- 
ma Is. 

4 If there had been a Complaint preceding, the 
Lords could not have proceeded as they have, in a 
judicial \Vay, without Confent of the Commons. 

' As this Cafe is, the Point of Judicature is not 
in Queftion. 

1. ' The Order fent by the Commons to the 
Lords for their Concurrence, is not in a judicial, 
but in an extraordinary Way, and for a notorious 
and tran fcendent Crime. 

2. ' The Law allowed no fuch Proceedings re- 
gularly before Conviction. 

3. * This was in order only to bring them to a 
judicial Proceeding. 

4. The Lords fent feveral Orders to the Com- 
mons in the Cafes of Sales, fecuring Rents, and 
hindering of cutting or felling of \Vood or Timber; 
wherein the Commons concurred, and this before 
the Parties heard : And this is a Cafe of Members 
of the Lords Houfe, all being afiented unto as Cafes 
of Extremity. 

* The Houfe of Commons fay they cannot admit 
the Lords Judicature fo largely as they aflert it; but 
Judicature, as aforefaid, not being in Queftion, they 
decline this Difpute. 

' They conceive the Lords intrench upon the 
Commons Privileges ; for Colonel Hutchinjon, u 
Member of the Houfe of Commons, could not 
be under fuch an Order of the Lords, upon any 

304 The Parliamentary HISTORY' 
An. 12 Car.ll.Account, unlefs the Commons Order had been con- 

166 - fented to. 

< ~~y^~* ' By this Way, if allowed, the Lords may vary 
from any Orders fent up by the Commons, without 
a Conference, and ground their Variation upon 
pretended Complaint of the Commons when there 
is none. 

' The printing of the Lords Order before the 
Conference with the Commons, or their Aflent, is> 
a further intrenching upon the Privilege of the 

4 Hereupon the Houfe appointed a Committee to 
confider what Anfwer is fit to be returned to the 
Houfe of Commons, upon the Matter of this free 
Conference, whereby a good Correfpondency may 
be kept between the Houfes, and the Privileges of 
this Houfe prcferved.' 

However, for the prefent, the Lords ordered 
their Speaker to let the Members of the Houfe of 
Commons know, that their Lordihips will be care- 
ful to preferve the Privileges and good Correfpond- 
ency between both Houfes ; and that they will take 
the Matter of this free Conference into fpeedy Con- 

> Several Peers had Leave given them to attend the 

King on his Landing ; the fame Leave was given 
to General Monke by the Houfe of Commons, and 
to fuch other Members of that Houfe as he fliould 
deure to accompany him. 

May 23. The following Letter from the Lords, 
who were fent by their Houfe to his Majefty, was 
read : 

For tie Rt. Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS, 

My Lord, 

A Letter from c "1 1C 7*E have delivered the Letters and Meflage 
the Committee c y y intruded to us by the Houfe of Peers, and 
the King, 6 *" t0 * found a moft gracious Reception from his Majefty, 

' who 

Of E N G L A N D. 305 

* who is pleafed to declare (wl.ich we defire 

' Lordfliips to communicate to the Houfe) that he 

* intends to depart from hence on Monday next, be- M 
c ing theaift of this Month, to land at Dover \ and, 

' after a fhort Stay at Canterbury^ to continue his 
' Journey to London^ and there to refide with his 
' Court at Whitehall. This we are commanded to 
' impart to your LordQiips from his Majefty, and 
remain Tgur Lor ^^' s m y humb i e Servants, 




* Ordered, That the Committee for the King's 
Reception do meet this Afternoon, and confider 
what is fit for the prefent to be done to receive his 
Majefty:' And 

A MefTage was fent to the Houfe of Commons to 
let them know that the Lords have appointed their 
Committee for the King's Reception to meet this 
Afternoon, and to defire the Committee of that 
Houfe may likewife meet; which was agreed to. 

Another Letter was fent, of the fame Date, to the 
Houfe of Commons, from their Members fent to 
the King, but it is not entered in their Journals. 

To (hew the Frugality of thofe Times, in Re- 
gard of the Furniture thought neccflary to be pro- 
vided for the King's and Royal Family's Reception, 
the following Lift, as it was read and approved on 
by the Houfe of Commons, may not be unaccept- 
able to the Reader. 

An Eftimate of the Charge of") /. s. d. 
making up of a rich Cloth of State, 
with a Chair, three Stools, and two 
Cufhions, out of an old Canopy of )> 200 o O 
State, and Tome imperfect Furniture 
of a Crimfon Velvet Bed fuitable, 
will amount to about the Sum of 

For repairing of an old Chair of , 

State, with three Stools fuitable to it \ - ~ 

Carried over 22 o o 

VOL. XXII. U Brought 

306 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car, II. Brought over 22O O . Q> 

For repairing, with fpme Addi--\ 
tions, of the rich incarnate Velvet I 
Bed, being for the Reception of his > IO O O 
Majefty, before the other can be I 
made J 

For a Counterpoint to it, which 1 
will contain 30 Yards of Cloth of (. g rt n 
Silver, lined with Bays and Taffaty f 
Sarfenet J 

Three Pair of fine Fuftian Blankets 16 IO O 

For 12 new Fuftian and Holland 1 
Quilts for his Majefty's incarnate C 48 O O 
VelvetBed, and the two Dukes Beds J 

For three Pair of the beft Spanijh . 
Blankets for thofe Beds 

For three large fine round Down 

For three neceffary Stools of Vel- 
vet for thofe Beds } 3 

For three French Tables for thofe 

For 30 Pallet-Beds, of the largeft "J 
Size, for the two Dukes ; 30 Tape- ( , 
itry Counterpoints, and 30 Pair of \ 3 
Blankets J 

Twelve Pair of fine Ho/land Sheets 1 
for the Dukes of York and Glou- r 172 16 O 
cefter's own Beds 

For making and wafhing thefe 12 ? , 
Pair of Sheet! } 6 12 O 

For 60 Pair of Sheets for 30 Pallet 1 , 
Beds aforefaid will coft \ 20 7 IO 

For making and wafhing thefe 60 ? , 
Pair of Sheets 6 O O 

For I2 lb . of fweet Powder to put \ 
to the whole Provifion of Sheets \ 3 ( 

For 10 Damafk Curtains, con-S 
taining 240 Yards of Damafk, and \ 
lined with Fuftian, and Making, | 2 4 

them J 

with Rings and Tape to them 

Total 1721 

Of E N G L A N D. 307 

May 2.4.. Nothing was done this Day in either An, 12. Car. II. 
Houfe, but reading Tome Bills, an Account of which l66 - 
will fall better in the Sequel. But, ^M*~ 

May 25. Both Houfes agreed to fend congratu- 
latory Letters to their Committees with the King, 
to deliver to his Majefty on his landing in England \ 
which he was now very near doing, as the Reader will 
find by a fubfequent Letter from Admiral Montagu 
to the Lords. The Letter from the Houfe of Com- 
mons to the King is only mentioned in their Jour- 
rials, as reported and approved on by that Houfe, 
but not entered : Thofe from the Lords are, and 
ran in thefe Words : 

To the KING'J Mojl Excellent Majefty > 

May it plea fe your Majefty ^ 

THE Senfe your faithful Subjects the Peers, Another Letter 
now affe-mbled, have of your Majefty's fafe flom the Speak. 
.... ,. r> i 7 r r / j r eroi the Houfe 

Arrival into this your Realm of hngland is fo ci - Lorch to the 
great, as obligeth them, by all dutiful Acknow-King. 
lodgments, to exprefs the fame by thefe Lines, 
before they have the Honour and Hnppinefs to do 
it perfonally to your Majefty ; which they intend 
to perform fo foon as they {hall receive Significa-' 
tion of your Majefty's Pleafure when, where, and 
in what Manner they (hall wait upon you. And, 
as your faithful Council, do humbly offer to your 
Majefty's Deliberation fo to confult the Safety of 
your Royal Perfon, wherein they are highly con- 
cerned, that, in your Return to London, the Se- 
curity thereof be preferred to all external Confi- 
derations ; which, out of our Zeal to your Maje- 
fty, is humbly offered by 

Tour Majefty's moft humble t faithful y 

And obedient Suljefls and Servants. 
Signed in the Names, and by the Command, of 

the faid Houfe of Peers-, by 
Weftminfter, 7 . MANCHESTER, 

May z 5 , 1660. $ Speaker pro. Tempore. 

U 2 Th? 

308 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. The Letter to the Commiflioners was as follows : 

^"T? To the Rt. Hon. the Earl of OXFORD, and the reft 

of the Lords CommiJJioners with his Majefty > 

My Lords, Weftminfter^ May 25, 1660. 

' T Am commanded by the Houfe of Peers, now 
4 J[ aflembled, to inclofe this Letter in your Lord- 
' fhips to his Majefty from them, which they defire 
' your Lordfhips would prefent to his Majefty fo 
4 foon as with Conveniency you may. This is all 
' I am commanded, who am 

Your Lordjhips moft humble Servant, 


Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 
pro Tempore. 

General Montagu's Letter. 
Te the Rt. Hon. the SPEAKER of the Houfe of PEERS. 

About ten Leagues from Scheveling, 
My Lord, May 23, 1660. 

Notice from Ad- 1 TJTAving appointed a Rendezvous of as many 
SujcSg? ' -ML Shi P s as could be g ot together in the Bay of 
mbarJcing, ' Scheveling, that I might the better receive his Ma- 

* jefty's Commands, in order to his happy Return to 
4 England, it pleafed his moft gracious Majefty, this 

* Day about Noon, to embark himfelf in the Naze- 
' by, riding before Scheveling. Their Royal High- 

* nefles the Dukes of York and Gloucejler, the Prin- 
' cefs Royal, Queen of Bohemia, and the Prince of 

* Orange, accompanied his Majefty on board ; and, 

* about three Hours after, the Duke of York em- 
4 barking in the London, the Duke of Gloucejler 

* in the Swiftfure, the Princefs Royal, the Queen 

* of Bohemia, and Prince of Orange, returned to 

* Scheveling; and the Fleet fet Sail, by his Majefty's 
4 Command, bound for-the Port of Dover, whither 
4 I truft God will give us a fpeedy and profperous 
e Paffage, I apprehend it my Duty to give your 

4 Lord- 

uj n n G L A N D. 309 

* Lord /hips the fooneft Advertifement thereof I An. 12. <_*. . 
c could, and fo remain 

Tour Lordfoip's mojl humble May. 

And faithful Servant, 


The Commons read a fecond Time, and com- 
mitted to a Comittee of the whole Houfe, a Bill for 
taking away the Court of Wards and Liveries, and 
all Tenures in Capite, or by Knights Service; and, 
on the Queftion, refolved, ' That the Sum of 
1 00,ooo /. a-year be fettled on the King's Majefty, 
in lieu of the faid Court and Tenures.' 

May 28. Nothing material was done in cither 
Houfe, Sunday intervening, till this Day; when the 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords acquainted their 
Lordmips with a Letter he had received by the 
Hands of Mr. Berkeley, which, being opened, ap- 
peared to be a Letter from the King, and was read 
in his Verbis : 

To our Trufty and right Well-beloved the SPEAKER 
of our Houfe of PEERS, to be communicated to 
the Lords there afTembled ; 


Right Trufty and Intirely-beloved Coufins, Right 
Trufty and Right Well-beloved Coufins, and 
Right Trufty and Well-beloved, we Greet you 

/fFter we had received your Invitation, we made The King's Let. 
-^ all pojjible Expedition to embark, and return /<? ter to the Lords 
cur native Kingdom. It hath pleafed God to bring us** 1 ' 
fafe to Land, and we hope that Peace and Happinefs 
'jhall be brought to our Kingdoms with us. We know 
vur own Heart to have nothing but Affection to the 
Good of all our People ; and we cannot doubt of God's 
Bleffing on our Councils and Endeavours, for the ad- 
vancing the Honour and Happinefs of our Kingdoms. 
Wt cannot diftruft but that you will anj'wer the Pro- 
U 3 fejjions 

310 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car.ll.ffjjions you have made of your Loyalty and Affeftion 

1660. tit cur Service , and, you may be Jure, that we will 

V.. ' v "-J le deficient in nothing that becomes a gracious Prince 

Ma >'* to bis faithful Subjefts. We hope Jkortly to fee you, 

and da intend to fet forward from hence on Monday 

next, and we bole to arrive at London on Tuefday in 

the Afternoon, and will then give you timely Notice 

where, and when, to attend us ; and, in the mtan 

Time, W bid you heartily farewell. 

Given at oui Court at Canterbury, this 26th Day 
of May , 1660, in the I2th Year of our Reign. 

After the foregoing Letter was read, the Lord 
Berkley, one of the Commiffioners fent over to the 
King, acquainted the Houfe, That he was com- 
manded by his Majefty to let their Lordmips know, 
the King intended to be the next Day at Whitehall^ 
at Twelve o'Clock, where he expected their Lord- 
ihips to attend him in a full Aflembly. 

Another Letter, to the fame Purport as the laft 
to the Lords, from the King, was prefented to the 
Houfe of Commons by Lord Falkland^ and was read 
to that Houfe by their Speaker, {landing up in his 

The late Lords Commiflioners of the Great Seal, 
according to the Order of the Houfe, did this Day 
bring the Great. Seal, in their Cuflcdy, to the 
Cleric's Table, and delivered the fame to i:he Speaker : 
And a Smith being lent for forthwith, he was or- 
dered to deface and break in Pieces the laid Seal at 
the Bar, the Houfe then fitting j which was done 
accordingly, and the Pieces thereof were delivered 
to the late Commiflioners as their Fees. 

May 29. The Commons had been bufy fome 
Time in preparing Orders. ;md Ordinances on ieve- 
ral Occafions, which the Lords thought fit to alter 
the Nature and Titles of, and throw them into the 
Prei(/;ative Royal by Proclamations, as was an- 
ticnily the Praclice in this Realm. The firft In- 
fbnce of this Kind, fmce the late Usurpations, 
which both Houfes agreed to, was an Ordinance 


Of E N G L A N D. 3 u 

changed into a Royal Proclamation, concerning the An. 12. Car. II. 
Rebels in Ireland, thought neceilary at this Time to l66 - 
be offered to the King, with others, to damp all the V " J 
Hopes the Papifts might cherifh on this extraordi- May * 
nary Revolution. The Form of thefe Acts of State 
are only preferved in the 'Journals of the Lords, and 
two of them being entered there, as this Day, it is 
thought proper to give them as they run in the an- 
tient Form of Proclamations; the reft, as they occur, 
in the Sequel. 

CHARLES, by the Grace of God, King of Eng- 
land, Scotland, France, and Ireland, Defender of 
of the Faith, &c. 

To all our loving Subjefls of England and Ireland, 

* *\1C7'E taking Notice, by the Information of A Proclamation 
e VV the Lords and Commons now afrembled for7r ^"^ n the 
in Parliament, that, after the vaftExpence of Blood Kmss * ' me> 

' and Treafure for the fuppreffing of the late horrid 
c Rebellion in Ireland, begun in October, 1641, 
' there are yet many of the Natives of that our 
' Kingdom, deeply guilty of that Rebellion, who 
6 have lately broke out into new Acts of Force and 
' Violence, fome robbing, murdering, and defpoil- 
' ing feveral of our Englijh Proteftant Subjects there 
f planted ; others of them, by Force, entering upon 
' and difquieting the Poffeflion of feveral Adven- 

* turers and Soldiers there, to the great and manifeft 

* Difturbance and Hinderance of our Englijh Plan- 

* tation : And being very fenfible of the innocent 
c Blood of fo many Thousands of our Englijh Pro- 
6 teftant Subjects formerly flain by the Hands of 

* thofe barbarous Rebels, and of new Mifchiefs of 

* the fame Kind likely to fall out, as the fad Iffue 
e and Confequence of fo unhappy Beginnings, do 
' therefore, by the Advice of the faid Lords and 

* Commons now aiTembled, as well to teftify our 

* utter abhorring the faid late Rebellion, as to pre- 

* vent the like for the future, and for the prefent 

* Eftablifhment of Peace of that our Kingdom, hold 

* it 

An. it. Car. II. 


312 The Parliamentary HIST ORY 

it our Duty to God and the whole Proteftant In- 
tereft, to command, publifh, and declare; and do, 
by this our Proclamation, command, publifh, and 
declare, That all Irijh Rebels, other than fuch as 
by Articles have Liberty to refide in their own 
Dominions, and have not fmce forfeited the Bene- 
fit thereof, now remaining in, or which hereafter 
(hall refort to England or Ireland, be forthwith 
apprehended, and proceeded again/I as Rebels and 
Traitors, according to Law. And that the Ad- 
venturers and Soldiers, and other our Subjects in 
Ireland,, their Heirs, Executors, Adminiftrators, 
and Affigns, who, on the ift Day of January laft 
paft, were in the Pofieirion of any the Manors, 
Caftles, Houfes, Lands, Tenements, or Heredita- 
ments of any the faid Irijh Rebels, (hall not be di- 
fturbed in any fuch their Poffeffions, till we, by 
Advice of the Lords and Commons now aiTembled 
as aforeiaid, or fuch Parliament as we fhall call 
in England or Ireland, fhall take further Order ; 
or that they be legally evicted by due Courfe of 
Law. And all our Juftices of the Peace, May- 
ors, Sheriffs, and other Officers, both Civil and 
Military, both in England and Ireland, are hereby 
required to be aiding and aUifting in the Execution 
of this our Proclamation, as often as Occafion fhall 

Another for 
keeping the 
Peace, Vr, 

CHARLES, by the Grace of God, of England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of 
the Faith, &c. 

To all our loving Subjects of our ReaJjn of England 
and Dominion of Wales, Greeting, 

4 "\y^/ > ^ to '"' n S Notice of the Information of the 
c V V Lords and Commons now affembled in 
4 Parliament, that feveral Riots have been commit- 
4 ted, and forcible Entries made upon the PofTeffions 

* of divers of r-ur Subjects, as well Ecclefiaftical as 
' Tempcial, who have been fettled in the laid Pof- 
' fefilons by any unlawful or pretended Authority, 

* and that without any Order of Parliament or legal 


Of E N G L A N D. 313 

Eviction, to the Difturbance of the Public Peace, An. ^^. Cai 
whilft thefe Matters are under the Confideration 1660. 
of our Parliament : We therefore, by the Advice v ~ v 
of our Lords and Commons aforefaid, for the Pre- May< 
vention of the like Riots, forcible Entries, and 
Prefervation of the Public Peace of this our Realm, 
do, by this our Proclamation, command, pubiifh, 
and declare, That no Perfon or Perfons, Ecclefi- 
aftical or Temporal, (hall prefume forcibly to en- 
ter upon, or difturb, the faid Poflefiions, or any of 
them, till our Parliament fhall take Order therein, 
or an Eviction be had by due Courfe of Law. And 
all our Juftices of the Peace, Mayors, Sheriffs, and 
other Minifters of Juftice, and all other our loving 
Subjects, ar'e hereby required to be aiding and af- 
fifting in the Execution of this our Proclamation, 
as often as Occafion ihall require, as they will 
avoid our Royal Difpleafure.' 

After the reading and agreeing to thefe two Pro- 
clamations, in the Forenoon of this Day the Lords 
adjourned to after Dinner, which was only to go 
from their own Houfe, in Proceffion, to wait upon 
the King at Whitehall. The Earl of Manchejier 
was appointed to fpeak what his Lordfhip thought 
fit, to exprefs the Joy of that Houfe for his Majcfty's 
fafe Return to his Throne. 

The Houfe of Commons did nothing material in 
the Forenoon of this Day, but reiblve, nem. con. 
c That the Kinc;'s Majefty be pleafed to give Order, 
that the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance be ad- 
miniftered according to the Laws and Statutes of 
this Realm now in Force.' 

In the Afternoon they met again, read and com- 
mitted a Bill for Confirmation of the Privileges of 
Parliament, Magna Chart a ^ Stattttum de Talagio 
non concedendo, the Petition of Rights, and other 
Acts : After which we find the following Entry in 
their Journals : 

' The King's Majefty having, by Letter to this 
Houfe, fignified his Pleafure to be at Whitehall this 
Day, and the Lord Herbert having communicated 


314 c ft> e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. Il.his Majefty's Intentions to give a Meeting to this 
1660. Houfe there, the Houfe did, after their Adjourn- 
U- Mf"*"' nient, walk on Foot from Wejlminfter to Whitehall^ 
y * divers Gentlemen going bifore Mr. Speaker j and, 
after them, the Clerk, and Clerk-Afiiftant of this 
Houfe ; and next, before Mr. Speaker, the Serjeant 
at Arms attending this Houfe bearing his Mace, 
(being all uncovered) the Members of this Houfe 
following Mr. Speaker three in a Rank : And, be- 
ing come to Whitehall^ they went up into the Ban- 
quetting- Houfe > and there attended his Majefty's 
coming to Whitehall ; which being about Seven of 
the Clock, his Majefty, about Half an Hour after, 
came into the Banquetting-Houfe, and there placed 
himfelf in his Chair of State : Whereupon Mr. 
Speaker, being before retired to the lower Part of 
the Room, and the Way being clear to the Chair of 
State, did, after his humble Obeifance, walk up to- 
wards his Majefty; two Members of the Houfe go- 
ing, one on one Hand, and another on the other 
Hand of him, and divers other Members following 
him, the Serjeant going immediately before him, 
with the Mace turned downwards ; and, in his Way, 
made two other Obeifances to his Majefty ; and, 
coming up to his Majefty, he did addrefs himfelf 
to him, in the Name of this Houfe, by an elo- 
quent Oration, to which his Majefty gave a gracious 
Anfvver : Which being performed, the Members of 
this Houfe, then attending, kitted his Majefty's 
Hand : And, after that, his Majefty retired out of 
the Banquetting- Houfe ; and Mr. Speaker, and the 
reft, thereupon departed.' 

May 30. The two Houfes having congratulated 
his Majefty on his Return to his Dominions, and the 
Exercife of his Kingly Office, by the Mouths of 
their diftincr. Speakers, they met again this Day to 
proceed in National Affairs, which were now to be 
carried on according to the antient Government of 
tiiis Realm, by King, Lords, and Commons. The 
Speech the Earl of Manchefter, Speaker of the Houfe 
of Lords, till a Lord Chancellor, or Lord Keeper of 


Of ENGLAND. 315 

the Great Seal could be created, made to the King, An, n. Car. II. 
is entered in the Proceedings of this Day, in their 
"Journals. But that which Sir Harb'jttle Grim/ion^ 
Bart, delivered on the fame Occafion, has 1,0 farther 
Notice taken of it in their Journals^ than what is 
mentioned above. The King's feparate Anfwers to 
them are entered in both "Journals ; and fince our 
large Collection of old Pamphlets, Speeches, bV. 
\vhich ftill holds out, furnifhes us alfo with Sir Har- 
bottle Grimjion's learned Oration on this folemn 
Occafion, we {hall here give them all together, and 
leave them to the Reader's own Comment. 

The Earl <?/ MANCHESTER'* Speech to his Majefly. 

rTlHAT this Day may prove happy to your T h e Speaker of 

J_ Majefty, is the Hope, the Expectation, and the Houfe of 
the earneft Defire of my Lords the Peers, whofe Lords Addrefs ta 
Commands are upon me to make this humble Ten- J^,/, J^ at 
der to your Majefty, of their loyal Joy for your 
Majefty's fafe Return to your native Kingdom, and 
for this happy Reftoration of your Majefty to your 
Crown and Dignity, after fo long, and fo fevere, a 
Suppreflion of your juft Right and Title. 

4 I Ihall not reflect upon your Majefty's Suffer- 
ings, which have been your People's Miferies ; yet 
I cannot omit to fay, That as the Nation in gene- 
ral, fo the Peers, with a more perfonal and particu- 
lar Senfe, have felt the Stroke that cut the Gordian 
Knot, which fattened your Majefty to your King- 
dom, and your Kingdom to your Majefty. 

4 For fince thole itrange and various Fluctuations 
and Difcompofures in Government, fince thofe 
horrid and unparallel'd Violations of all Order and 
Juftice, Strangers have ruled over us, even with a 
Rod of Iron : But now, with Satisfaction of Heart, 
we own and fee your Majefty our native King, a 
Son of the Wife, a Son of the Antient Kings, whofe 
Hand holds forth a golden Scepter. 

c Great King ! Give me Leave to fpeak the 
Confidence, as well as the Defires, of the Peers of 
England, Be you the powerful Defender of the 
true PrQteftant Faith j the juft Afierter and Main- 


316 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car. Il.tainer of the Laws and Liberties of your Subjects ; 

1660. f o fh a ll Judgment run down like a River, and Ju- 

**-~-v~> ftice like a mighty Stream ; and God, the God of 

^' your Mercy, who hath fo miraculoufly preferved 

you, will eftablifh your Throne in Righteoulhefs 

and in Peace. 

* Dread Sovereign ! I offer no flattering Titles, 
but fpeak the Words of Truth. You are the De- 
fire of Three Kingdoms, the Strength and the Stay 
of the Tribes of the People, for the moderating of 
Extremities, the reconciling of Differences, the 
fatisfying of all Interefts, and for the reftoring of the 
collapfed Honour of thefe Nations. Their Eyes are 
toward your Majefty, their Tongues, with loud 
Acclamations of Joy, fpealc the Thoughts and loyal 
Intentions of their Hearts ; their Hands are lift up 
to Heaven with Prayers and Praifes : And what 
oral Triumph can equal this your Pomp and Glory. 
' Long may your Majefty live and reign ; a Sup- 
port to your Friends, a Terror to your Enemies, an 
Honour to your Nation, and an Example to Kings 
of Piety, Juftice, Prudence, and Power ; that this 
prophetic Expreflion may be verified in your Ma- 
jeily, King Charles the Second (ball be greater than 
ever was the greateft of that Name.' 

To which his Majefty made the following An- 
fwer : 

My Lord, 

His Malay's 7 Am fo disordered by my "Journey, and with the 
Anfwerl J- tf ;f e ft HI founding in my Ears, (which I canfefs 

was pleafmg to me, becaufe it expreffed the AJfettions 
tf my People) as I am unfit at the prefent to make fuch 
a Reply as I defire \ yet thus much I jhall jay unto 
you, That I take no greater Satisfaction to myfelf in 
this my Change, than that I find my Heart really fet 
to endeavour, by all Means, for the reftoring of this 
Nation to their Freedom and Happinefs : And 1 hope y 
by the Advice of my Parliament, to effect it. Of this 
a Ifo you may be confident, that, next to the Honour of 
God, from whom principally I Jhall ever own this Re- 

Of E N G L A N D. 317 

/I oration to my Crown, I /ball ftudy the Welfare of my An. 12. Car. II, 
People j and Jball not only be a true Defender of the 1660. 
Faith, but a in ft A fierier of the Laws and Liberties ~~ 

Speaker of the Honourable Houfe of Commons^ to 
the King's Mojl Excellent Majejly, delivered in 
the Banquetting-Houfe, at Whitehall, May 29, 
1660, the Members of that Houfe being then pre- 

Moji gracious and dread Sovereign, 

' TF all the Reafon and Eloquence that is difper-TheSpsaker of 
JL fed in fo many feveral Heads and Tongues as' he Houfe ^ 

, , , ./ j , , . . Commons Ad- 

are in the whole World, were conveyed into my drel - s to t ^ 
Brain, and united in my Tongue, yet J mould want King. 
Sufficiency to difcharge that great Tafk I am now 

* The Reftitution of your Majefty to the Exer- 
cife of your juft and moft indubitable native Right 
of Sovereignty, and the Deliverance of your People 
from Bondage and Slavery, hath been wrought out 
and brought to pafs, by a miraculous Way of Di- 
vine Providence, beyond and above the Reach and 
Comprehenfton of our Underftandings, and there- 
fore to be admired ; impoflible to be exprefled. 

' God hath been pleafed to train your Majefty 
up in the School of Affliction, where you have learn'd 
that excellent Leflbn of Patience fo well, and im- 
proved it fo much for the Good of your People, that 
we have all juft Caufe for ever to blefs God for it, 
and we doubt not but your Name is regiftered in 
the Records of Heaven, to have a Place in the 
higheft Form amongft thofe glorious Martyrs of 
whom it is reported, that, thro' Faith in Chriji and 
Patience in their Sufferings, they converted their 
very Tormenters, and conquered thofe barbarous 
bloody Tyrants, under whom they then differed, 
infomuch as they themfelves were many Times in- 
forced to confefs and cry out, Sat eft vicijh Galliltsus^ 
they had their wV//?/, and that defervedly ; but your 


3 1 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. tz. Car. II. Majefty muft have a treble vi.ctfti^ for with the fame 
1660. Weapons, Faith and Patience, you have overcome 
* -V"-' and conquered the Hearts and Affections of all your 
y * People in Three great Nations, the Hearts and Af- 
fections of all that are worthy the Name of good 
Chiiftians, or reafonable Men. 

' 'Tis God, and God alone, to whom be the Glo- 
ry, that hath made your Majefty fo great a Con- 
queror ; indeed your Conqueft is incomparable, no 
Story can inftance the like, or furnifh us with an 
Example to paralel it withal. 'Twas a Ufe and 
Cudom amongft the Romans, when any of their 
Commanders had done eminent Services abroad, at 
their Returns, to honour them with Triumphs, and 
riding through their Streets ; there they received the 
Praifes and Apphufes of the People, with this In- 
fcription upon their laurel Crowns, Vincenti dabitur, 
But your Majefty's Victory is of another Nature ; 
and as it differs much from theirs in the Quality of 
it, fo your Triumph muft differ as much from theirs 
in the Manner of it. They conquered Bodies, but 
your Majefty hath conquered Souls ; they conquered 
for the Honour and Good of themfelves, but your 
Majefty hath conquered for the Honour and Good 
of your People; they conquered with Force, but 
your Majefty hath conquered with Faith ; they con- 
quered with Power, but your Majefty hath con- 
quered with Patience ; and therefore God himfelf 
hath written your Motto, and infcribed it upon your 
Royal Crown, Patienti dabitur. Their Triumphs 
were in narrow Streets, but your Majefty's Triumph 
muft be in iarc;e Hearts ; their Triumphs lafted but 
for a Day, but your Majefty's Triumph muft laft 
for all your Days, and after that to triumph in 
Heaven to all Eternity. 

c I have read of a Duke of Burgundy, who was 
called Carclus dudax, the Hiftorian tellb us that his 
Father was called Caroius Bonus : An Obfervator 
hath this Note upon it, That Goodnefs doth ever 
produce Boldnefs. Sir, you are the true Son of 
fuch a good Father ; and fo long as you ferve our 
good God, he, who is Goodnefs itfelf, will give 


Of E N G L A N D. 319 

you Boldnefs, a princely Virtue, and the beft Foil An. 12 Car.ll, 
your Majefty can ufe, to fet out the true Luftre of all l66 - 
your other moft eminent and lovely Graces. V "" - M'~~ '' 

' Moft Royal Sovereign, I have yet a few Words 
more, and to doubt your Patience, who is the Mir- 
ror of Patience, were to commit a Crime unpardon- 
able and fit to be excepted out of that A6t of Obli- 
vion, which your Majefty hath fo gracioufly tendered 
unto your People ; therefore, with an humble Con- 
fidence, I fhall prefume to acquaint your Majefty, 
that I have it further in Command to prefent you, 
at this Time, with a Petition of Right, and humbly, 
upon my bended Knees, to beg your Royal Afient 
thereunto. ; Sir, it hath already parTed two great 
Houfes, Heaven and Earth, and I have Vox Populi^ 
and Vox Dei, to warrant this bold Demand. It is, 
That your Majefty would be pleafed to remove your 
Throne of State, and to fet it up in the Hearts of 
your People ; and as you are defervedly the King of 
Hearts, there to receive from your People a Crown 
of Hearts. Sir, this Crown hath three excellent 
and rare Properties, 'tis a fweet Crown, 'tis a faft 
Crown, and 'tis a lafting Crown ; 'tis a fweet Crown, 
for 'tis perfumed with nothing but the Incenfe of 
Prayers and Praifes ; 'tis a faft Crown, for 'tis let upon 
your Royal Head, by him who only hath the Power 
of Hearts, the King of Kings ; and 'tis a lafting 
Crown, your Majefty can never wear it out, for the 
longer you wear this Crown, it will be the better for 
the wearing; and it is the hearty Defires, and moft 
earneft Prayers of all your loyal, loving, and faithful 
Subjects, that you may never change that Crown till 
you change it for a better, a Crown of eternal Glory 
in the higheft Heavens; and the Lord fay Amen? 

To this laft Harangue the King returned the fol- 
lowing Anfwer : 

/ Shall not trouble you with many IVords^ for really The King's An- 
^ I am fo weary that I am fcarce able to /peak : fwsr> 
But I defire you may know thus much^ That whatfo- 
ever may concern the Good of this People, the Defence 


320 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 12. Cu.Il.and Confirmation of your Laws > and the Ejlablifi* 
1660. ment O f y OUr Religion, I Jhall be as ready to grant as 
^"*^~ r you Jhall be to ajk : And I Jhall Jludy nothing more 
than to make them as happy as myfelf. 

But, before we go on with the Proceedings of 
both Houfes of Parliament, we mall revert a little, 
to give fome Account of the King's Landing at 
Dover, and the public Entry he afterwards made 
into his City of London, and to that Palace to which 
he was then fo great a Stranger. We are confcious 
this Affair has been amply related by moft or all of 
our general Hiftorians ; but as we fhall copy none 
of them, and give one quite different, from an Eye 
and an Ear-Witnefs of all thele glorious Works, 
\ve may more readily be excufed for the Recital. 
The Author we fhall quote from is Dr. Gumble^ 
who wrote the Li'e of General Monke, as has been 
mentioned, and who accompanied his Mafter down 
to Dover, to meet and receive the King on his 

Dr. Gamble's ' That on Saturday, May 26, his Majefty landed 
Account of the at the Beach on Dover Pier, with the Dukes of 
iLl! ry Tork and Gloucefter, and many other Noblemen and 
Gentlemen : That the General received him with 
becoming Duty, but his Majefty embraced him with 
an Affedtion fo absolutely entire and vehement, as. 
higher could not be expreffed from a Prince to a 
Subject ; he embraced and killed him. Our Author 
lays he had the Honour to be at the General's Back, 
when this happened, and was the third Per ion that 
kifled the Hem of hisMajefty's Garments after he fet 
Foot in England: That he let himfelf to obferve his 
Majefty's Countenance on his firft Landing, where 
he did lee a Mixture of other Paffions beiidesjoy in 
his Face. Certainly, adds this Author, he had the 
Remembrance of the cruel Perfections of both his. 
Father and himlelf, befides the Numbers of People 
fhouting. the Great Guns from the Ships in the 
Road, and from the Caftle, thundering with all the 
Expreffions of Glory that were poflible : Thefe, 
with a Reflection of Things paft not many Years. 


Of E N G L A N D. 321 

before, might as well amaze as rejoice his Royal An - "-Car. II. 
Heart. U^TX^I 

We fhall not trace this Author any further in the M 
King's Journey from Dover to London^ where he fays 
the King prefled to be, that he might enter his Capital 
on the 29th of Moy^ the Day of his Birth ; on which 
Day, being got as near as alackheath^ he found the 
Army drawn up, and there exprefled their dutiful 
Allegiance in an humble Addrefs, offering to facri- 
fice their Lives, or whatfoever could be more dear 
to them, for his Service, againft whatfoever Oppo- 
fers; and would (hew their Obedience better in their 
Actions than in Words. This Sight did pleafe his 
Majefty very much, and he took a full View of 
them. They were as brave Troops as the World 
could {hew, appearing to be Soldiers well difci- 
plined, and feemed to be Men of one Age and one 
Mind. His Majefty did like rather to have them 
loyal Subjects, as they now protefted, than (what 
fome of them had been formerly) violent Enemies. 
Thefe Men had bought Wit at the Hazard of their 
Souls, as well as by the Lofs of fome Blood, and 
now refolved Loyalty into their Nature and Princi-' 
pies, and, I hope, (fays our Author) keep this Re- 
iblution to this Day. 

' At St. George's Fields the Lord Mayor and Al- 
dermen had pitched a glorious Tent, and provided a 
fumptuous Collation, and there, upon their Knees, 
did their Duties ; and the Lord Mayor delivered his 
Sword, and received it again. After a {hort Stay 
his Majefty haftened to fee Whitehall^ being glutted 
with the Ceremonies of the Day. Princes need 
their Solitudes and Retirements, and certainly he 
muft be wife to a Miracle, that is never alone and 
always himfelf. 

' All the Streets were richly adorned with Tape - 
ftry, the Conduits flowing with the richeft Wines, 
every Window filled with Numbers of Spectators, 
and upon Scaffolds built for that Purpofe, and all 
other Places of Conveniency. There were rank'd, 
in good Order, the Trained Band Forces on the 0110 

VOL. XXII, X Sids 

322 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. Side of the Streets, and the feveral Companies in 
l66 ' their Liveries on the other. From Temple-Bar to 
**""^~~ > "*' Whitehall the Trained Bands of Wefiminjler and 
the Parts adjacent on one Side, and fome Companies 
of the Ai my on the other, to whom was joined a 
Company of the late King's Officers, commanded 
by Sir 'John StoweL This was one of the pleafanteft 
Sights that ever England beheld, to fee a good Prince 
and an obedient People driving who fhould exceed 
in Love and Affection. May there never be other 
Contention between them. 

' The Procefiion was led by Major -General 
Brown, who had a Troop of 300, all in Cloth of 
Silver Doublets; then followed 1200 in Velvet 
Coats, with Footmen in Purple Liveries attend- 
ing them ; then another Troop, in Buff Coats, 
led by Sir John Robinfon, with Sleeves of Cloth 
of Silver, and very rich green Scarfs : After thefe 
a Troop of 150, with blue Liveries, laced with 
Silver Lace, with fix Trumpeters and feven Foot- 
men in Sea-green and Silver. Then a Troop 
of 220, with 30 Footmen in grey and Silver Live- 
ries, and four Trumpeters richly cloathed; then an- 
other Troop of 105, with grey Liveries, and fix 
Trumpets; and another of 70, with five Trumpets. 
Then three Troops more, two of 300, and one of 
100, all richly habited and bravely mounted ; after 
thefe came two Trumpets with his Majefty's Arms; 
the Sheriffs Men in red Cloaks, richly laced with 
Silver Lace, to the Number of 80, with Pikes in 
their Hands. Then followed 600 of the feveral 
Companies of London, on Horfeback, in black Vel- 
vet Coats with Gold Chains, each Company having 
Footmen in rich Liveries attending. 

' After thefe came a Kettle-Drum, five Trum- 
pets, three Streamers, and many rich red Liveries 
with Silver Lace : After thefe 12 Minifters, and 
then another Kettle-Drum and four Trumpets, with 
his Majefty's Life-Guard of Horfe, commanded by 
the Lord Gerrard. Then three Trumpets in rich 
Coats and Sattin Doublets, and the City Marfhal 


Of E N G L A N D. 323 

with eight Footmen in Fren.b Green, trimm'd with An i. Car. II. 
Crimfon and White, the City Waits, and all the l66o< 

City Officers in Order; then the two Sheriffs, and ' "^ 

all the Aldermen in their Scarlet Gowns and rich 
Trappings, with Footmen in Liveries, red Coats 
Jaced with Silver and Cloth of Gold and Silver, the 
Heralds and Maces in rich Coats ; then the Lord 
Mayor carrying the Sword bare, and next to him 
the Duke of Buckingham and the General, and then 
the King's Majefty betwixt the Dukes of York and 
Gloucefter ; after which followed a great Troop of his 
Majefty's Servants; then followed a Troop of Horfe 
with white Colours; then the General's Life-Guard, 
commanded by Sir Philip Howard; wherein, befide 
the eftablifhed Number, rode feveral Noble Perfons; 
in the firft Rank were fuch as had 1 00,000 /. per Ann. 
of Inheritance among them ; after them five Regi- 
ments of the Army Horfe, led by Col. Knight ; and 
then two Troops of Noblemen and Gentlemen to 
clofe the Procelfion.' 

Having now brought our Parliamentary Inqui- A final! Digref- 
ries to this happy Crifis of Time, when King, fion concerning 
T , , f ^ ' 11 ii /i j & this Revolution. 

Lords, and Commons, were all equally reirored to 

their antient and juft Rights of Government in 
this Nation : The King to his hereditary Throne, 
the Peers alfo to their hereditary Seats in Parliament, 
and the Houfe of Commons, confifting of the true 
Reprefentatives of the People, to their Freedom of 
Speaking and Voting, without Danger of being 
turned out, gutted, or garbled, by the Power of a 
Standing Army, we fhall here leave them for a 
Time, in order to make a fhort Digreffion from the 
Courfe of this Hiftory, to trace out the dark and in- 
tricate Steps which led to this furprizing Revolu- 

We think it unneceflary to trouble the Readers 
with recapitulating any Matters we have already 
given, or harrafling ourfelves, after fo long and 
tirefome a Journey, with needlefs Repetitions or 
Comments, on Fads which we rather chufe to 
X 2 leave 

324 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ia. Car. H. leave to their own Judgment. Yet, fince this won- 

1660. derful Revolution was feemingly brought about by 

^-"v" 1 "*' the unen ing Hand of Providence alone, Man being 

May * only the Agent, whofe Ways were made fmooth and 

eafy to him, by many unforefeen and unthought-of 

Accidents, and at laft even compelled, as it were, to 

act what he did ; we (hall juft touch upon fome of 

thefe Matters, in order to fhew, that neither the 

bammed King, nor his fmall Court abroad, nor his 

moft fanguine Friends and Well-wifhers at home, 

could forefee this Change, till within a very few 

Weeks before it alually happened. 

It has been the Opinion of fome, and Dr. Price 
has endeavoured to inculcate it throughout his {hort 
Hiftory of the Restoration, that General Monke 
had a real Defi^n in his Head, to reftore the King 
and Royal Family, even before he fet out with his 
Army from Scotland. In the Collection of Monke's 
Letters, &c. before quoted, there is yet one we have 
not mentioned from the General to the King, and 
is dated from Edinburgh , December 30, 1659. In 
this'he gives his Majefty all imaginable Afturances 
of his fteady Attachment to his Intereft, and urges 
fome Stipulations neceffary to ground his Reftora- 
tion upon. We make no Doubt but this Letter is 
fpurious, and put at the Head of the reft, in order to 
fnew what a double, deceitful Part the General had 
acted in the whole Affair. For, firft, the General 
was not ?.t Edinburgh, but with his Army at Cold" 
Jlrcam, on the Day this Letter is dated ; and he paf- 
fed the Tweed two Days after, in his March for 
England : And no Author, that we know of, men- 
tions any fuch Letter being fent. But the ftrongeft 
Reafons of all are the great Uncertainty of Monkeys 
Deiigns, which the King and his Court had much 
nearer to his open Declaration for his Majefty's Inte- 
reft, and the Support of the Royal Caufe. To prove 
this, we {hall give fome {hort Abftradts from fome 
Letters, printed in the Appendix to the Life of Dr. 
John Barwick, once Dean of St. Paul's, London ; 
which Letters were all wrote by the King himfelf, 


Of E N G L A N D. 325 

or the Lord Chancellor Hyde^ not many Months, An. 12. Car. IF. 
or even Weeks, before the Reiteration. a 

In one of thefe Letters from the latter, dated *""" "^""""""'^ 
Brujftls, January 12, 1660, N. S. and indorfed, 
Received the fame Date, O. S. b are thefe Expref- 
fions : ' I fend you herewith two Letters from the 
' King, to your two Friends, which is all that his 
4 Majefty can think of, in order to Monke. Since 
' he knows there is a Letter for him from the King, 
' and hath no Mind to receive it, he would have the 
' fame Shynefs or Perverfenefs, if another was fent, 
' or any Meflenger employed to him. The Intereft 

* for which he declares, feems not worth fuch an 
' Ensagement; and if his Conjunction with the Scots 
< be real, that Intereft cannot be fupported by him. 

* Yet it is ftrange, he nor any of his Friends (hould 

* let the King know of their Purpofes, if, in Truth, 

* he hath any good Purpofes towards his Service. 
' The whole Dependence the King hath of any 

* Good from him, is from your Negotiation ; and 

* therefore the Service cannot be enough valued.' In 
another Letter from the Chancellor, dated alfo from 
Brujfeh, March 8, N. S. and indorfed, Received 
March 6, he exprefles himfelf thus c : ' As Monkeys 

* Proceeding hath been very myfterious throughout, 

* fo nothing is more wonderful than the Secrefy of 

* all that hath been tranfacled in Scotland ; of all 

* which Intrigues the King knows no more, than 

* he doth of his [Monke's] prefent Intentions ; nor 

* hath any Exprefs been difpatched from Scotland . 
1 to the King, to give him any Account of what 

' they demanded, or the other prornifed. Thcre- 

* fore the King defues you would ufe the beft 

* Means you can, to inform yourfelf of all the Par- 
4 ticulars.' Again, in the fame Letter, as a Poft- 
fcript : 4 This hath been written thefe two Days, 

* and I meant not to have made any Additions, but 

* the Exprefs is juft now arrived with the great 

X 3 News, 

a Vita Johannes Barwick, 5. T. P. &c. Cut adjlcitur Affendix 
Epiftolarum, tarn ab Rege Carolo fecando, qitam a fuo CanccUario exu- 
lt) afibus ; aliarumque Cbartarum ad candcm Hificriam perunentium. 

fimnia ab ipfis Autographis nunc Edita, Gft, Lord, 1721. 
* Lit, N, 12. c Lit, NO. 29. 



326 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 14. Car. II. News, who likewife brings your Letter of the 
2 1 ft, which gives the King great Hope that Monke 
is better difpofed and refolved than he yet avows : 
However, the Bufmefs is in a good Way, and he 
will, by Degrees, be brought to it, it he had not 
rather others mould have the Glory of fuch an 
Action than himfelf. But, methinks, this calling 
another Parliament is the fartheft Way about, 
and I believe not eafy to be pra&ifed.' 
To come ftill nearer to the Time, the King and 
his fmall Council had very certain Intelligence of his 
being recalled, we meet with another Letter d , in 
the fame Appendix, dated from Breda, April 1 6, 
1660, N. S. indorfed, Received on tbejameDatc, 0. S. 
we have thefe Words : ' The Proipect of your Af- 
' fairs looks very well towards us ; and lam per- 
4 funded that Monke will in the End appear to have 

* proceeded like a fober Man ; and aflure yourfelf 
' your Friend cannot be without a very good Ac- 

* knowled;ement, for contributing much towards 
' bringing him to that Temper; and whatever Jea- 

* loufies there be among themfelves, between the 

* Civil and Martial Counfellors, I do not find there 
4 is any of the laft Claffis, by whom Monke is like 

* to be advifed, or who are like to be of fo much 
' Service in the Army, as your two Friends are : 

* And therefore I pray continue your Interpofition 
' with them, with all the Encouragements that can 

* be defireil from the King, of which they may be 

* mod confident. And here I muft not omit to 

* tell you, that fome Perfons, of unqueftionable Af- 
' fections, and of great Quality, have fent lately to 

* the King, to make Propofitions to him, of enga- 

* ging Col, Clobery, as a Perfon moft able to do him 

* Service with the General. They not imagining 
4 that we have any Knowledge of, or Communica- 

* tion with, him; nor do we pretend to it, but feem 
4 to decline writing fuch Letters as they define, out 
4 of an Apprehenfion that he is of the Republican 
' P^rty, and not to be wrought upon. This we 

* think very necefiary that you fliould know, and it 

4 may 

d Lit, NO, 3 j, 

Of E N G L A N D. 327 

6 may be he [Monke] himfelf, left it fhould be inti- An. 12. Car. n. 

* mated to him, that there is an ill Opinion of him 
here, which fometimes falls out by the Weaknefs 
6 of our Friends ; when, to avoid fome unfeafonable 
' Overtures, or a more unfeafonable Difcovery, we 

* feem to have Prejudice towards thofe, in whom we 
' have moft Confidence/ 

This laft Letter from Chancellor Hyde muft 
have been wrote after the General's Meflage, by Sir 
John Grenville^ had been delivered to the King ; 
and yet the Beginning of it implies rather a Diffi- 
dence than an abfolute Confidence in him. The 
Parliament was not yet met, and what the General 
and they might do on the opening it, was (till un- 
certain ; for the Chancellor, in a former Quota- 
tion, plainly intimated, that he did not like fuch 
round-about Proceedings, the Name of Parliament 
not yet founding well in the Ears of the King, or 
any of his Party. And, if the General had not 
found, by many AddreiTes made to him from differ- 
ent Counties, in his March up to London, that the 
Hearts of the People were changed as one Man, to 
recall their injured Monarch, 'tis probable he might 
have played a different Game, and fet up himfelf 
inftead of the Lord's Anointed. But Vox Populi 
was certainly, at this Time, Vox Dei ; though 
others will have it, that this wonderful Change was 
brought about by common Means ; that thofe very 
People who had murdered the Father and baniihed 
his Progeny, fhould join fo unanimoufly to recall 
them again, and place them upon the Throne ; that 
this Revolution mould be rather afcribed to the late 
bad Government of the Republic ; to the known 
Mutability and wavering Temper of the Englijh 
Nation, who are never long pleafed with their Ru- 
lers, be they ever fo juft and righteous j and lailly, 
to Monkis Fears, that the letting up himfelf as ano- 
ther Cromwell^ would not hold ; and becaufe he 
durft not be the firft, make fure of being the fecond 
Man in the Kingdom ; fome of thefe Opinions, we 


328 Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. fay, maybe right; but we {hall not trouble our- 
1660. felves to contradict any of them. But 

There is yet another Opinion to be treated of, 
which prevails amongft our Hiftorians, and many 
others, That the Nation was fo far infatuated with 
the Return of their King, that they would have made 
him abfolute, had not his natural Indolence prevented 
him from either pufliing for it, or even defiring of 
it b . Indeed, the many and various Kinds of Miferies 
which the Nation had fuffered, under their differ- 
ent Governors, for the lafl twelve Years, might 
make them rather chufe to put an abfolute Power 
into the Hands of one of the Royal Line, than be 
ruled, as they had been, with a Rod of Iron, by 
their own Fellow Subjects. The Government of 
thefe Nations had been tried, in various Shapes, 
ever fince the Death of the late King, and all found 
unftable. It was firft thrown into a Commonwealth ; 
under Oliver > a defpotic Tyranny ; under Richard, 
nothing at all ; and under the Council of State, a 
Heap of Changes and Confufions. So that the 
People, being weary of thefe Diftra&ions, readily 
agreed to recall their lawful Sovereign, and fubmit to 
their antient Form of Government. Notwithftand- 
ing all thefe Sufferings, to mew there was no fuch 
Intention in the People, (if we may allow this Con- 
vention to be the true Reprefentative of them) to 
give up their Liberties, we need do no more 
than refer to the Titles of the Bills, which they 
had prepared for the King to pafs on his Arrival, 
and which were all made Laws foon after ; except 
one, For taking away the Courts of Wards and Li- 
veries, which the Commons dropp'd of themfelves, 
as bearing too hard on the Royal Prerogative. So 
the King was reftored to the Exercife of his Regal 
Power, butted and bounded in the fame Manner as 
his Father found it, at his Acceflion to the Crown. 

To conclude this Deviation from the general 
Hiftory. In all the Kingdoms and Governments 


* Bifliop Barntt fays the whole Nation was drunk and mad for 
three Years toother after it, His wn Timer. 

Of E N G L A N D. 329 

upon Earth there have been Revolutions, though we An. 12. Car. II. 

believe none brought about without fome Bloodfhed, l66o> 

as this before us was. The natural Confequences ^""TJ"'""" 11 ^ 

of Things, when once they deviate from the Right, 

will, at laft, revolve into their priftine State again : 

And, as a Spanijh Author, tho' a Jefuit, juftly ob- 

ferves, who, fpeaking of Herefies in the Church, 

fays, Omnis Herefis cum ad Adtheifmum dciapfa eft^ 

per Sapientem Prophetam in Veritatis Vianf reduci- 

iur : Habent enim Hterefes Periodos fuos, ad Mo- 

dum Rerum publicarum ; ques a Regibus in Tyran- 

nidem, a Tyrannide in Statum Optirnatium, et inde 

in Oligarcbiam, atque, tandem, in Demotratiam ; et t 

in Fine t rur/us, in Statum REGIUM revolvuntur.* 

But now to return to our Hiftory. 

After all the formal Greetings and Congratula- 
tions on this happy Occafion were over, both Houfes 
went upon the Bufmefs of the Nation, and princi- 
pally to regulate all th ;fe Matters that had gone 
wrong during fo long an Ufurpation. 


a Thomas Campar.ella dc Monarcbla Hifp. C. 30. quoted by W~. 

in a Copper-Plate Print 4/9. of this Time, in our Collection, in- 
tituled, An Account of the many Revolutions in the eleven Years from 
the Murder of the Royal Martyr to the Re/ioraticn of the Right Heir, 
is the Representation of a Snake with its Tail in its Mouth, on which 
is engraved, The Old Serpent, or Spirit of Rejtftance j within the Circle 
of which is, 

1. Rump. 

2. Oliver and bis Officers, April 20, 1653. 

3. Council of State. 30. 

4. Barebone'j Parliament, July 4. 

5. Oliver and his Officers, fccond Time, December 12. 

6. Oliver Protestor, - 16. 

7. Richard Protetfor, September 3, 1658. 

8. Rump, fecond Time, May 6, 1659. 

9. Walhngford-Hotife Junto initbi OAnW 
Lambert and Fieetwocd. 5 

10. Council of Ten Men, . 19. 

n. Commit eee of Safety a 6. 

14. Rump, tbirdTime, December 26. 

13. Secluded Members and Rump, February 21, 1659-60, 

14. Council of State, March 1 6. 

15. Tbe Devil leaves the Roundheads /'/>' Lurcb, 

Without the Circle. 
36. Tbe Re/lor in f Parliament. 

330 Tfie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. May 30. The Earl of Manchejier acquainted the 
1660. Houfe of Lords, that the Dukes of York and Glou- 
v """" v " < """^ cefter commanded him to returnThanks to the Houfe, 
ay> for their Lordfliips Civility Yefterday to them ; and 
Parliamentary to % n 'fy their Defire to come and fit in that Houfe, 
Proceedings"." as Members, and that Places might be provided for 
them. Hereupon a Committee of Lords was ap- 
pointed to attend his Majefty, and to acquaint him, 
That there being no Precedent which fhews where 
their proper Places are in the Houfe, they defire his 
Majefty will pleafe to confult with <uch Perfons as he 
thinks fit, and then determine on the Places himfelf. 
Soon after the Earl of Northumberland reported, 
That the Lords Committees had waited on his 
Majeft , concerning the Seats where the Dukes of 
York and Gloucejhr were to fit in Parliament, and 
that his Majefty faid, He conceived that the Seat on 
the Right Hand of the State, where the King of Scots 
antiently ufed to fit, will be of no more Ufe, now 
that the Title is included in his Majefty ; and faid 
he himfelf, at the Parliament at Oxford, fat in that 
Seat. Therefore he defired that Place might be re- 
ferved for a Prince of Wales ; and that the Seats of 
the Left Hand the State might be fitted up for his 
Brothers die Dukes of York and Gloucejhr ; which 
the Houfe gave Direction for accordingly. 

The Commons {hewed or! their Loyalty this 
Day, by oidering a Bill to be prepared and brought 
in, For keeping a perpetual Anniverfary, as a Day 
of Thankfgiving to God, for the great Bleffing and 
Mercy he had been gracioufly pleafed to vouchfafe 
to the People of r.>efe Kingdoms, after their manifold 
and grievous Sufferings, in the Reftoration of his 
Majefty, with Safety, to his People and Kingdoms. 
And '.hat the Twenty-ninth of May, in every Year, 
being the Birth Day of his Sacred Majefty, and the 
Day of his Majefty's Return to his Parliament, 
fhould le yearly let apart for that Purpofe. 

' Refolved alfo, That the Lords be defired to join 
with this Houfe, in beleeching the King's Majefty 
to appoint a Day, to be fet apart for public Thankf- 
giving to God, throughout this Realm, for the great 


Of E N G L A N D, 331 

Bleffing and Mercy God hath vouchfafed to theieAn. 12 Car. II. 
Kingdoms, in the happy Reiteration of his Majefty.' 

The Commons next refolved themfelves into a U "O r """""' 
grand Committee, to confider of Ways to raife Mo- 
ney; and, after fome Time fpent therein, they agreed 
to appoint a Sub -Committee, and that no Perfon 
fhould have a Vote in it that had received any public 
Money, or was liable to be brought to Account. 

The Houfe of Lords read a third Time an AcT: for 
Continuance of Procefs in all judicial Proceedings, 
pafled, and fent it down to the Commons. The next 
Day that Houfe fent a MeiTage to the Lords, defiring 
their Concurrence in a Petition to his Majefty, to 
give Leave that a folemn Day of Thankfgiving 
ftiould be appointed, to give Thanks for God's great 
Mercy, in the laft great Revolution of Affairs, for 
bringing his Majefty fafe to his own Dominions ; 
which was read, and agreed to unanimoufly. The 
Lords alfo ordered, l That his Majefty be moved 
that he would be pleafed that an A& may be pafled 
for the keeping the agth of May as an Holy-Day 
and Thanfgiving, in Commemoration of his Maje- 
fty 's happy Return into this Kingdom, and the Day 
of his Majefty's Nativity.' Their Speaker, the Earl 
of Manchefter* to prefent it. 

The Earl of Btrk/hire acquainted the Houfe, 
That he was commanded by his Majefty to fignify 
his Defire to this Houfe, that thofe who were cre- 
ated Peers by Patent, by his late Majefty at Oxford, 
fhould fit in the Houfe. On which the Lords or- 
dered the fame Lord to attend the King, and ac- 
quaint him, That Matters of Honour did belong to 
his Majefty, and this Houfe did acquiefce in his 
Pleafure. And agreed, That the Order formerly 
pafled, for excluding any Lords made at Oxford, 
from fitting in the Houfe, fhould be cancelled, nul- 
led, and made void; and that the Lords Sub-Com- 
mittees for Privileges, &c. fhould fee this done and^ 
executed accordingly. Alfo, that the faid Lords 
fhould meet to confider of placing the Seats and 
P'orms of the Houfe, for making more Room for 
the Peers. And now, at this Period, we think it 


332 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. I*. Car. II. proper to introduce a Lift, or Catalogue, of the 
^J^^^ Peers of England, as they fat in this Convention 
Ma Parliament, according to their Precedence and Su- 
periority, from a printed Lift of that Time. 
Of the Blood Royal. The firft three take Place 
James Duke of York and l n ref Pe& of their Of- 
Albany^ Lord High 
Admiral of England. 
Rupert Duke of Cumber- 

A Lift of the 
Peers of Parlia 

Thefe two take Place in 

refpect of their Offices. 

Edward Earl of Claren- 
don^ Lord Chancellor 
of England. 

Thomas Earl of South- 
ampton, Lord Treafu- 
rer of England. 


Thomas Howard, Duke 

of Norfolk. 
William Seymour, Duke 

of Somerset. 
George Vi iliers, Duke of 

Charles Stuart, Duke of 

George Monke, Duke of 




Montagu Bertie, Earl of 
Lindfay, Lord High 
Chamberlain of Eng- 

James Butler, Earl of 
Brecknock, Lord Stew- 
ard of his Majefty's 

Edward Montagu, Earl 
of Manchejler, Lord 
Chamberlain of his 
Majefty's Houfhold. 

Auberry Fere, Earl of Ox- 

Algernon Percy, Earl of 

Francis Talbot, Earl of 

Grey, Earl of Kent. 

Infra Mtat. . 

Charles Stanley, Earl of 

John Manners, Earl of 

Ha/iings, Earl of 

Huntingdon. Inf. Mt. 

John Paulet, Marquis of Thomas Wriothjlcy, Earl 


Edward Somerfet, Mar- 
quis of Worcejler. 

jyilliam Cavendijh, Mar- 
quis of Newcajlle. 

Henry Pierepoint, Mar- 
quis of Dorchejhr. 

of Sottthfi?nptcn. 
William Ru/el, Earl of 

Philip Herbert, Earl of 

Pembroke and Mont- 

' Cm/, Earl of Exeter. 

Of E N G 

Theophilus Clinton, Earl 

of Lincoln. 
Charles Howard, Earl of 

James Howard, Earl of 

Richard Sackville, Earl 

of Dorfet. 
William Cecil, Earl of 

John Egerton, Earl of 

Robert Sydney, Earl of 

James Compton, Earl of 

Charles Rich, Earl of 

William Cavendi/h, Earl 

of Devon. 
Eafil Fielding, Earl of 

George Digby, Earl of 

Lionel Cranfield, Earl of 


Henry Rich, Ezrl of Hol- 

JohnHolIis 9 Ezr\ of Clare. 
Oliver St. John, Earl of 

Mildmay Fane, Earl of 

Edward Montagu, Earl 

of Manchejler. 
Thomas Howard, Earl of 

Thomas Wentworth, Earl 

of Cleveland. 
Edward Sheffield, Earl of 



LAND. 333 

Henry Carey, Earl of An, iz. Car. H. 

Monmouth. l66 ' 

James Leigh, Earl of 

Tho. Savage, Earl Rivers. 
Nicholas Knollis, Earl of 


Henry Carey, Earl of Do- 
Henry Mordaunt, Earl of 

Henry Gray, Earl of 

Heneage Finch, Earl of 

Charles Dormer, Earl of 

Mountjoy Blunt, Earl of 

Philip Stanhope, Earl of 

John Tufton, Earl of 

Jerome Wejlon, Earl of 

William Wentworth, Earl 

of Stratford. 
Robert Spencer, Earl of 

James Savile, Earl of 

George Goring, Earl of 

Nicholas Leak, Earl of 

Scarf dale. 
Wtlmot, Earl of 

RochrJIer. Inf. Mtat. 
Henry Germain, Earl of 

St. Albans. 
Edward Montagu, Earl 

of Sandwich. 

334 *&* Parliamentary His TOR r 



An. 12. Car. II. "James Butler ; Earl of 

Edward Hyde, Earl of 

Arthur Capel, Earl of 

Thomas Brudenell, Earl 

of Cardigan. 
Arthur Annejley, Earl of 

John Grenvllle, Earl of 

Charles Howard, Earl of 



Leicejler Devereux^ Vif- 

count Hereford. 
Francis Brown, Vifcount 

William Fiennes, Vifcount 

Say and Sele. 
Edw. Conway, Vifcount 

IZaptijl Noel, Vifcount 

William Howard, Vif- 

count Stafford. 
Thomas Bellajis, Vifcount 


Mor daunt. 

John Nevil> Lord Aber- 

James Toucbet, Lord 

Charles Wejl^ Lord De- 

George Berkley, Lord 


Thomas Parker, Lord 

Mor ley and Mount- 

Francis Leonard, Lord 

D acres. 
Conyers D'Arcy, Lord 

William Stourton, Lord 

William Lord Sandys de 

la Vine. 

Edw. Vaux, Lord Vaux. 
Thomas Windjor, Lord 

Thomas (f^entworth^ Lord 

Wingfield Cromwell, Lord 


George Eure, Lord Eure. 
Philip Wharton, Lord 

Francis Willoughby, Lord 

Willougkby of Par bam. 
Will. Paget, Lord Paget. 
Dudley North, Lord 

William Bruges, Lord 

John Carey, Lord Hunf- 

William Peters, 

Dutton Gerrard, 

Charles Stanhope, 

Henry Arundel, 

Arundel, o 
Chrijlopher Roper, Lord 

Foulke Grevil, Lord 




Of E N G L A N D. 335 

Edward Montagu, Lord Richard Vaughan, 

Montagu, of Bough- Vaughan. 

ton. Charles Smith, Lord 
Charles Lord Howard, of rington. 

Charleton. William Widdrington, 
William Grey, Lord GVvy, Lord Widdrington. 

oiWerk. Humble Ward, Lord 
y<?/; Roberts, Lord 22 0- /Ffln/. 

^r/j. Thomas Lord Colepeper. 

William Craven, Lord ^w<: ^/?/^y, Lord y^?- 

Craven. ley. 

John Lovelace p ,Lord Love- Richard Boyle, Lord 

lace. Clifford. 

John Paulet, Lord Paulet John Lucas, Lord Lu- 
fFilliam Maynard, Lord cas. 

Maynard. 'John Bellafis, Lord Bel- 
Thomas Coventry, Lord lafis. 

Coventry. Lewis Watfon, Lord 
Edward Lord Howard, Rockingham. 

of EJkricke. Charles Gerrard, Lord 
Warwick Mohun, Lord Gerrard, of Brandon. 

Mohun. Robert Lord Sutton, of 
William Botelar, Lord Lexington. 

Botelar. Charles Kirkhoven, Lord 
P^Tvy Herbert, Lord Wooton* 

Powis. Marmaduke Langdale, 
Ed. Herbert, Lord /&r- Lord Langdale. 

bert, of Cher bury. William Crofts, Lord 
Francis Seymour, Lord Crofts. 

Seymour. Jhn Berkley, Lord 
Thomas Bruce, Lord Berkley. 

Bruce. Denzil Holies, Lord 
Francis Newport, Lord Holies, of Eyfield. 

Newport. Frederick Cornwallis, 
Tho. Leigh, Lord Leigh, Lord Cornwallis. 

of Stone-Leigh. George Booth, Lord Z)^- 
ChriJlopherHatton, Lord lamer e. 

Hatton. Horatio Townjhend, Lord 
Henry Hajlings, Lord Townjhend. 

Loughborough. Anthony AJhley Cooper, 
Richard Byron, Lord Lord AJhley. 

Byrtn. John Crewe, Lord Crewe. 


336 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i*. Car. 1 1. The Addrefs to the King from the Commons, 
1660. and afterwards agreed to by the Lords, for a Day 
v -v ' of Thankfgiving, is entered at the End of this 
June. J)ay's Proceedings in thefe Words : 

To the King's Mojl Excellent Majejty t &c. 

Humbly fiewetb, 

A Petition of ' rT^ HAT fuch is the ineftimable Bleffing of 
Parliament for a c your Majefty's Reftoration to your Royal 

Thank&iving, < Throne, w hich at once hath put a Period to the 

* Calamities of Three Kingdoms, and to all the Sor- 
' rows and Sufferings of your Royal Perfon and Fa- 
' mily, that we cannot but account it as an Inftance 
' into that State of Joy and Happinefs, which obli- 

* geth all your Subjects to render an everlafting 
' Tribute of Praife and Thankfgiving to Almighty 
' God, for thofe glorious Mercies which he hath 
' vouchfaied to his afflicted People. 

4 And to the end that fome folemn Time may be 

* fet apart, for the public Performance of this Duty, 
' and that all your Majefty's Subjects, in England 

* and in f^ales^ and the Town of Berwick upon 

* Tweed, who equally fhare in the Joy of this Deli- 
' verance, may be united in thefe Devotions which 

* are offered for it, we therefore humbly befeech 

* your Majefty, that you. will be pleafed, by your 
' Royal Proclamation, to fet apart fome fuch Day, 

* for a public Thankfgiving, throughout all thefe 

* your Majefty's Dominions, as to your Majefty's 
' great Wifdom (hall feem meet.' 

June i. This Day the King came to the Houfe 
of Lords for the firft Time, and, fending for the 
3;heKing comes Commons, his Majefty made a fhort Speech to both 
t the Houfe. Houfes, and then commanded the Lord Chancellor 
to deliver his Mind further to them, which he ac- 
cordingly did, lay the Juutnals, in a very large one; 
but neither of them are entered in thofe Authorities. 
Nor have we met with them, at Length, elfewhere; 
there is only a fhort Abftracl: of the Chancellor's 
Speech piefervtu in iiiftory, which he made after 


Of E N G L A N D. 337 

the King had given his Royal Aflent to thefe threeAn. n. Car. If, 
Bills, 5. 

An Ad for preventing and removing all Queftions 
and Difputes, concerning the AfTembling and Sit- 
ting of this prefent Parliament. 

An Act for putting in Execution an Ordinance 
mentioned in the faid A&. 

An AcT: for Continuance of Procefs, and all judi- 
cial Proceedings. 

After which the Lord Chancellor told both Houfes, 
* With how much Readinefs his Majefty had patted 
thefe important A&s, and how willing they fhould 
at all Times hereafter find him, to pafs any other 
that might tend to the Advantage and Benefit of the. 
People; in a particular Manner defiring, in his Ma- 
jefty's Behalf, That the Bill of Oblivion, in which 
they had made fo good a Progrefs, might be expe- 
dited : That the People might lee and know his Ma- 
jefty's extraordinary gracious Care to eafe and free 
them from their Doubts and Fears ; and that he 
had not forgotten his gracious Declaration made at 
Breda, but that he would in all Points make goocj 
the fame.' 

June 2. The Houfe of Commons, after preparing 
and paffing the aforefaid Bills, fell upon debating art 
A61 for a general Pardon, Oblivion, and Indemnity, 
in which were many Claufes and Exceptions : And 
the Queftion being put, That all Receivers, Col- 
lectors, &c. of the public Revenues of the King- 
dom, be only accountable from the Year 1648, it 
pafl*ed in the Negative, 165 to 1505 fo they were 
accountable from the Year 16451. The Tellers in, 
this Divifion were Mr. Holies and Sir John Hol- 
land for the Yeas ; and Lord Falkland and Sir Ri- 
chard Temple againft it. A Majority fo fmall {hews 
that this Affair muft have been warmly debated, and 
that there were many in the Houfe who had been, 
concerned in thefe public Accounts, who were 
afraid of fuch a Scrutiny. 

The fame Day the Houfe refolved, That the 
Gentlemen, the Members of this Houfe, who wera 

Voj:, XXII, V tat 

338 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

m. la Car.ll.fent to his. Majefty with a Letter from this Houfe, 

1660. have the Thanks of this Houfe, for their eminent 

^ v ' Service performed in that Employment. Accord- 

June ' ingly the Speaker faid, 

Thanks retum'd ' -Gentlemen ', I fhall not need to tell you what 
by the Speaker Notice the Houfe hath taken of the eminent Service 
ftnuo thT Kin" y u have P errormed in your.late Employment to his 
ng ' Majefty ; you have brought Home the Ark, the 
Glory of England^ his Majefty's Perfon, in Safety ; 
and truly, if ever a Service deferved to be called a 
Service of ever-blefled Memory, this is fuch a Ser- 
vice : Therefore the Houfe hath commanded this 
Service to be finglcd out from all your former emi- 
nent and worthy Services, and to do it per Excel- 
lentiam, as much exceeding all that ever hath been 
done before for this Nation. And fince the Merit 
thereof is fuch, that no Thanks can be proportiona- 
ble thereunto, but the Thanks of this Houfe, I am 
therefore commanded, in the Name of this Houfe, 
and of all thofe they reprefent, the Commons of 
England^ to return you their very hearty Thanks.' 

At the fame Time Mr. Holies inforrri'd the Houfe, 
That he having been fent, with the other worthy 
Members, to the King, fome Afperfions had been 
caft upon him, as if he had, in his Speech to the 
King, tranfgrelTed the Inftructions given him by the 
Houfe : On which the Houfe ordered, * That he 
fhould have Leave to print the Speech he made to 
his Majefty, as aJfo the King's Anfwer to it, for 
which he had the King's Leave, as well as the In- 
ftruclions of the Houfe, for his own Vindication. 

The Lords were bufy in fending out their Or- 
ders to ftcp the felling of. Timber, and other De- 
predations in the King's Parks, Forefts, &c. in 
which, and feveral other Eftates belonging to fe- 
veral Peers and other Loyahfts, great Havock had 
been made, and was ftill carrying on. 

June 4. This Day the Commons fent up Mr. 
Prynne, and others, to the Lords, to defire their 
Concurrence in fending to his Majefty, to defire 
hjm to iffue out his Proclamation, againft thofe that 


Of E N G L A N D. 339 

had a Hand in the horrid Murder of his late Majefty. An. 12. Car. II, 
The Lords agreed to this, and the King confentir.g, ^J ' 
the Proclamation was publiftied, the Form of which ^^~" J 
was in thefe Words : 

CHARLES, by the Grace of God, cf England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender 
of the Faith, &c. 
To all our loving Subjeffs of England, Scotland, and 

Ireland, Greeting, 

' T T TE take Notice, by the Information of our A Proclamation 
' V V Lords and Commons, now affembled inagainft the late 
Parliament, of the moft horrid and execrable Mur- I Jj n j 
' der and Treafcn committed upon the Perfon, and ' 
' againft the Life, Crown, and Dignity, ot our late 
Royal Father Charles the Firft, of blefied Me- 
' mory ; and that John Lijle, William Say, Efq; 
' Sir Hardrefs Waller, Valentine Wanton, Edward 
Whaley, Efq; Sir John Bourchier, Knt. William 
' Haveningham, Efq; Ifaac Pennington, Alderman 
4 of London, Henry Marten, John Barkftead, Gilbert 

* Millington, Edmund Ludlow, John Hutchinfon, 
( Efq; Sir Michael Livefay, Bart, Robert Tichborne, 
' Owen Roe, Robert Lilburne, Adrian Scrope, John 
' Okey, John Heivfon, William Goffe, Cornelius 

* Holland, John Carew, Miles Corbett, Henry Smith, 
' Thomas frogan, Edmund Harvey, Thomas Scott, 
' William Cawley, John Downe, Nicholas Love, 

* Vincent Potter, Auguftin Garland, John Dixwell, 
c George Fleetwood, Simon Mayne, James Temple, 

* PeterTemple, Daniel Blagrave, and Thomas Wayte, 

* Efqrs. being deeply guilty of that moft deteftable 
' and bloody Treafon, in fitting upon, and giving 
' Judgment againft, the Life of our Royal Father ; 

* and alfo John Cooke, who was employed therein as 
6 a Sollicitor, Andrew Broughton and John Phelpes, 
' who were employed under the faid Perfons as 

* Clerks, and Edward Dendy, who attended them 

* as Serjeant at Arms, have, out of the Senfe of their 
6 own Guilt, lately fled and obfcured themfelves, 
4 whereby they cannot be apprehended and brought 

* to a perfonal and legal Trial, for their faid Trea- 

Y ?. fon, 

34-O The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An.iz.Car.Il. fon, according to Law: We do therefore, by 
1660. t h e Advice of our faid Lords and Commons, 

command, pubiifli, and declare, by this our Pro- 
clamation, That all and every the Perfons before 
named, (hall, within fourteen Days next after the 
publifhing of this our Royal Proclamation, per- 
fonally appear and render themfelves to the Speaker 
or Speakers of our Houfe of Peers and Commons, 
or unto the Lord Mayor of our City of London^ or 
to the Sheriffs of our refpective Counties of Eng- 
land and IJfales^ under the Pain of being excepted 
from any Pardon or Indemnity, both for their re- 
fpe&ive Lives and Eftates : And that no Perfon or 
Perfons (hall prefume to harbour or conceal any of 
the Perfons aforeiaid, under Pain of Mifprifion of 
High Treafon' 

The Lords alfo ordered, That the Chancellors of 
both the Univerfities fliould take Care, that the fe- 
veral Colleges in the fame fhould be governed ac- 
cording to their refpedive Statutes j and that fuch 
Perfons, who have been unjuftly put out of their 
Headships, Fellowfhips, and other Offices, relating 
to the feveral Colleges, or Univerfities, may be re- 
itored according to the faid Statutes of Univerfities, 
ana Founders of Colleges therein. 

The Commons were bufy moft of this Day in 
taking the Oaths to the new Government, or ra- 
ther to the old one re-eftablifhed. The Right Ho- 
nourable jfamesi Marquis and Earl ofOrmond, Lord- 
Lieutenant of Ireland, and Lord Steward of his Ma- 
jefly's Houfhold, came into the Lobby at the Door of 
the Houfe of Commons, where a Table being fet, 
and a Chair prepared, being attended by the Clerk 
of the Crown, and the Clerk of the Commons 
Houfe, with the Rolls of fuch Members as were re- 
turned to ferve in this Parliament, his LordfJhip gave 
the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance to ieveral 
Members, who he had by his Commiffion deputed 
to adminifter the fame to other Members in his 
Abfence ; and accordingly the following Members 
were called out of the Houfe and fworn, and ap- 

Of E N G L A N D. 341 

pointed for that Office : Arthur AnneJJey, Efq; Den- An. 12. Cr.ll. 

zil Holies, Efq; Sir Anthony AJhley Cooper, Bart. 

Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Bart. Sir William Waller, Knt. 

Sir Anthony Irby, Knt. Sir Richard Brown, Knt. 

Sir William Morris, Knt. Principal Secretary of 

State, Sir y<?/6;z Holland, Bart. Sir William Lewis,, 

Knt. Sir /SH/ter r/?, Knt. Sir WA? AW;, 

Knight of the jBtfM, Heneage Finch, Efq; William 

Prynne, Efq; Richard Knightley, Efq; Thomas 

Hatcher, Efq; 7^' Charhton, Efq; Edward Turner , 

Efq; Edward King, Efq; and Sa?nuel Jones, Efq; 


/A. B. </0 utterly teftify and declare in my Cqnfci- Form of the 
*, Tftrf/ r Sovereign Lord King Charles ffo Oaths to hew- 
Second is the only Supreme Governor of this Realm, M* 
ffW (?/" // e/^?r 7;:V Majejlfs Dominions and Coun- 
tries^ as well in all Spiritual or Ecclefiaftical Things, 
or CaufeS) as Temporal ; and that no foreign Prince, 
Perfon, Prelate, State, or Potentate, hath, or ought 
to have, any Jurifdiftiw, Po^ver, Superiority, Pre- 
heminence, or Authority, Ecclefiajlical or Spiritual, 
within this Realm : And therefore I do utterly re- 
nounce and forjake all foreign "Jurifdittions^ Powers, 
Superiorities, and Authorities ; and do promife, that 
from henceforth I /hall bear Faith and true Allegiance 
to the King's Majefty, his Heirs and lawful Succef- 
fors ; and, to my Power, Jhall ajjijl and defend all 
Jurifdiffions, Privileges, Pre-eminences, and Au- 
thorities, granted or belonging to the King's Majejly, 
his Heirs and SucceJJors ; or united and annexed to 
the Imperial Crown of this Realm : So help me God t 
and by the Contents of this Book* 

T A. B. do truly and fencerely acknowledge, profefs* 
* tcftify, and declare, in my Cvnfcience, before God 
and the World, That our Sovereign Lord King Charles 
the Second is lawful and rightful King of this Realm, 
and i/fall other his Majefty s Dominions and Countries ; 
and that the Pope, neither of himfelf, nor by any Au- 
thority of the Church or See of Rome, or by any other 
Y 3 Me 

If a n s. 

34* ffl f Parliamentary HISTORY 

An* is. Car. II. Means, with any other, hath any Power or Authtri- 
1660. t y to depofe the King, or to difpofe of any of bis Maje- 
ti_< \t~- _J fly's Kingdoms or Dominions* or to authorize any foreign 
Prince to invade or annoy him, or his Countries ; or 
to discharge any of his Maje fly's Subjects of their Al*- 
legiance and Obedience to his Majejly \ or to give Li- 
cence or Leave to any of them to bear Arms, raife Tu- 
mults, or to offer any Violence or Hurt to bis Majejlfs 
Royal Perfon, State, cr Government, or to any of his 
Majeftys Subjects, within his Majejlys Dominions. 

Alfo 1 do jwear from my Heart, That, nctwith- 
ftanding any Declaration, or Sentence of Excommuni- 
cation or Deprivation, made or granted, or to be 
)nade or granted, by the Pope, or his Succejjbrs, or by 
any Authority derived, or pretended to be derived, 
from him, or his See, againjl the faid King, hi* Heirs 
or Succejfors, or any Abjolution of the jaid Subjects 
from their Obedience, 1 will bear Faith and true Al- 
legiance to his Majefty, his Heirs and Succejjbrs ; 
and him and them will defend, to the uttermo/t of my 
Power^ againjl all Conspiracies and Attempts what- 
fee-ver, which Jhall be made again/} his or their Per- 
fonsi their Crown and Dignity, by Reafon or Colour 
of any fuch Sentence or Declaration, or . other-wife ; 
and will do my befi Endeavour to difclofe and make 
known unto his Majejly, his Heirs and Succejfors^ all 
Treafons, and traiterous Conspiracies^ which I Jhall 
know, or hear of, to be againjl him, or any of them. 

And 1 do further fwear, That I do, from my Heart, 
abhor, deteji, end abjure, as impious and heretical, 
this damnable Doftrine and Pofttion, That Princes^ 
which be excommunicated or deprived by the Pope, may 
le depofed or murdered by their Sub/efts, or any other 
whatfoever. And I do believe, and in Confcience am 
refolved, that neither the Pope, nor any Perfon what- 
foever, hath Power to a'ofolve me of this Oath, or any 
Part thereof-, which 1 acknowledge, by good and full 
Authority, to le lawfully minijlered unto me ; and do 
renounce all Pardons and Dijpenfations to the contrary: 
And all thefe Things I do plainly andfincerely acknow- 
ledge and fwear, according to thefe exprefs Words by 
ine fpoken^ and according to the plain and common 


Of E N G L A N D. 343 

Senfe and Under/landing of the fame Words, without An. ^^. Car. II. 
any Equivocation, or mental Eva/ion, or fecret Re- l66 ' 
fervation whatfoever : And 1 do make this Recogni- *"" "V -^ 
tion and dcknoivledgment heartily , willingly , fl/z J /rfy, 
<? ?r#? jFtf/Y/& <?/ Cbriftian : So help me God. 

June 5. The Houfe of Commons were ftill bufy 
in carrying on the Act of Indemnity and general 
Pardon, and this Day it was propofed to except feven 
Perfons for Life and Eftate. being likewife 
propofed, That they ihould be then named, Thomas 
Harrifon, William Say, "John "Jones, Thomas Scott, 
Cornelius Holland, John Lijle, and "John Bark/lead, ' 
were feverally named, and agreed to for that Purpofe. 

June 6. The Commons had voted a Prefent of 
10,000 /. to be made to the Duke of York, and this 
Day they received a Letter of Thanks from his 
Highnefs for it,"with which that Houfe was fo plea- 
fed, that they ordered the Lord-General to ftgnify 
to his Highnefs the grateful Senfe they had of his af- 
fectionate Letter to them, and the' Letter to be en- 

tered in their JeurvalL viz, ' 

f : . . -:.3 rr? . 1'rj :-c no"? ^T- M i ,'y; j 

Mr. Speaker, ' ' FPbttfhall, June 5, 1660. 

IDefire you to aflure the Houfe of Cpmmons>Duke of fork'* 
that 1 have a great Senfe of the many Demon- Letter of Thanks 

... r i A/T o- i 11 to the Commons. 

ftrations of their Aixecrion towards me ; and that, 

tho' the Neceflities of many Years had prepared 
me to give a welcome Reception to the I'refent I 
lately received from them, yet nothing did fo 
much recommend it to m'e, as that it was an Ar- 
gument of the Affeclion of that Houfe, to which I 
{hall always ftudy to make fuch Returns as be- 

Tour mvjl ajfe&ionate Friend, 


The King had published a Declaration under his 
Sign Manual and Privy Signet, dated Breda, dprit'^ 
O. S. of a fiee and general Pardon, with Refer- 
vatjon to except fuch Perfons as {hal! be exceptpij 


344 e ^ }e Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aft, ii. Car. II. by this prefent Parliament, in an Act of general 
Pardon and Oblivion. Both Houfes thought pro- 
per, at this Time, to claim it for themfelves ; and 
thereupon they prepared Votes and Refolutions to 
be feverally laid before his Majefty for that Purpofe. 

June 8. The King having appointed this Day to 
be waited on, the feveral Speakers, attended by their 
whole Houfe, went up to lay Claim to this Pardon ; 
and humbly to defire his Majefty, That it might be 
as effectual to all his Subjects in particular, (except 
as before excep:ed) as if every of them had at any 
Time, fince the firft of May laft, perfonally laid 
hold of his Majefty 's Grace and Pardon, and by 
public Act declared their fo doing. And that his 
Majefty Would be gracioufly pleafed to declare his 
Acceptance thereof, and, by his Royal Proclama- 
tion, to aflure the Hearts of his Subjects of the 
fame.^The King exprefTed his Readinefs and Wil- 
lingnefs to fatisfy all the Particulars, offered in his 
Declaration, both concerning the two Houfes and 
all other Perfons. 

The Commons proceeded the fame Day to ex- 
cept more Perfons out of their Adi: of Pardon, when 
yohn Cooke, Andrew Brougbton, and Edward Dendy^ 
Sollickers and Agents at the late King's Trial, were 
excepted both as to Life and Eftates. And having 
examined fome Witnefles, touching the Perfon who 
executed the late King, they refolved, That thofe 
two Perfons, who were upon the Scaffold in Dif- 
guife, when the deteftable and traiterous Sentence 
upon the late King was executed, be excepted out 
of the general Act of Pardon for Life and Eftate. 

A Letter from Prince Henry, returning Thanks to 
the Houfe of Commons for the Prefent of Money 
they made him d , on his coming over, was received 
and read ; the Contents of which were as follow : 

Mr. Speaker, June 5, i66cn 

wj, to ' TAm fo fenfible of the good Affections exprefied 
the fame. ' J^ to me by the Houfe of Commons, in the late 

' Supply 

" Five Thouftnd Pounds. 

Of E N G L A N D. 345 

* Supply of Money, which they fent me into Hal- An. n. Car. II, 

* land, that I think myfelf obliged to intreat you to l66 - 

* give them Thanks for it in my Name ; and to allure '- 7^""* 
' them, that tho' my Condition abroad was fuch as 

' made that Afliftance very feafonable, yet it was 
' not fo welcome to me, out of that Confideration 

* as becaufe it was a Teftimony of their Efteem, 

* which I value at a much higher Rate ; and whereof 

* my Actions {hall evidence how much I defire a 

* Continuance. I am, Mr. Speaker, 

Tour very affeftionale Friend^ 


The Houfe was fo pleafed with this Letter alfo, 
that they ordered it to be entered in their Journals^ 
as a Teftimony of his Highnefs's Affe&ion and high 
Efteem to their Houfe, and of their humble and 
hearty Acknowledgment thereof. 

The Houfe of Commons, in carrying on the Act 
of Oblivion, were ftill feeking out for fuch as were 
to be excepted out of it, and had appointed a Com- 
mittee to inform themfelves, by perufing the Jour- 
nal of the pretended High Court of Juftice, for Trial 
of the late King, what Perfons not fitting at the 
faid Trial, on the 27th of January , 1648, did fit at 
the faid Trial, in IVeJiminfter-Hall^ any of the Days 
preceding, and to report their Names to the Houfe* 

June 9. Accordingly Mr. Prynne, from this Com- 
mittee, brought in feveral Names of fuch Peribns, 
with the Times of their Sitting at the Trial ; on 
which the Houfe refolved, That William Lord Mun- 
fon, Thomas Challoner, James Challoner, John Fry 9 
Francis Lafcelles, Sir Henry Mildmay, Robert ff^al' 
/op, Sir Gilbert Pickering, Sir James Harrington^ 
Thomas Lifter, and John Phelpes, one" of the Clerks 
under the pretended High Court of Juftice, fhould 
all be excepted out of the Act of general Pardon and 
Oblivion, for and in refpecl: only of fuch Pains, 
Penalties, and Forfeitures, (not extending to Life) 
as fhall be thought fit to be inflicted on them by 


346 The Parliamentary HISTORY 
An. i. Car. II. another Act, intended to be hereafter pafled for that 

1660. Purpofe. 
^ -v*-' At the fame Time the following Perfons were 

* une " voted to be fpared for Life, tho' all fat in Judgment 
on the late King ; the Lord Grey of Grooby,. Sir 
Hardrefs Waller , Valentine Wanton, Edward Whal- 
ley, Ifaac Ewer, Sir John Danvers, Sir Thomas 
Maleverer, Sir John Bourchier, William Hevening- 
bam, Ifaac Penning ton, Henry Marten, William 
Purefoy, John Blakijlon^ Gilbert Millington, Sir 
William- Confl able, Bart. Edmund Ludlow, Sir Mi- 
chael Live/ay, Bart. Robert Tichborne, Owen Rowe, 
Robert Lilburne, Richard Deane, John Okey, John 
Hughfon, William Gaffe, John Carew, Miles Cor- 
bett, Francis Allen , Peregrine Pelham, John Moore, 
John Allured^ Henry Smyth, Humphry Edwards, 
Gregory Clement, Thomas Wogan^ Sir Gregory Nor- 
ton, Bart. Edmund Harvey^ John Venn, Thomas 
Andrews, Alderman of London, William Cawley, 
Anthony Stapely, John Downes, Thomas Horton, 
Thomas Hammond, Nicholas Love, Vincent Potter, 
Auguftin Garland, John Dixwell, George Fleetwood, 
Symon Mayne, James Temple, Peter Temple, Daniel 
Slagrave, and Thomas Wayte. 

June u. The Houfe were informed by Mr. 
Prynue, one of the Committee for fwearing the 
Members, that, in comparing the Returns of Mem- 
bers to ferve in that Houfe, with the Lifts of thofe 
who had taken the Oaths of Allegiance and Supre- 
macy, he finds their Number to be 455 ; and that 
he knows not any fitting Member that has refufed 
to take them. The Lord General Monke, and the 
Lord High Admiral of England, were defired to take 
effectual Care that the faid Oaths fhould be admi- 
niftered to all the Officers and Soldiers of the Army, 
and all the Commanders, Officers, and Marines of 
the Navy : And that his Majefty be defired to iflue 
out a Proclamation, requiring all and every Perfon 
and Perfons in this Realm, who by Law ought to 
take the faid Oaths, to take them accordingly. 

The Houfe next refumed the Debate on the Acl 

Of ENGLAND. 347 

of general Pardon and Oblivion, when a Letter from An. 12. Car,;it 

William Lenthall, Efq; the late Speaker, was read, 

and the Queftion being put that he be one of the 

twenty Perfons to be excep ed out of the general A6t 

of Pardon, to {utter fuch Pains and Penalties, Life 

only cxcepted, as ftiould be thought proper to infii& 

upon him ? The Houfe divided, and it was carried 

againft him by 215 to 126. Sir Henry Vane was 

alfo voted to lie under the fame Dilemma, without 

any Divifion. 

The Lords had had an Affair of their own Privilege 
before them for fome Time, relating to the Choice 
of their own Speaker in fome Cafes : And a Com- 
mittee being appointed to examine into this Bufi- 
nefs, the Lord Roberts reported their Refuit to the 
Houfe. * That it is the Duty of the Lord-Chan- 
cellor, or Lord-Keeper of the Great Seal, of Eng- 
land, ordinarily to attend the Lords Houfe of Parliiv^ 
ment ; a*nd that in cafe thofe great Officers be ab- 
fent from the Houfe, and that there be none autho- 
rized, under the Great Seal, by the King, to fupply 
that Place in the Houfe of Peers, the Lords may 
then chufe their own Speaker during that Vacancy.' 
The Houfe confirmed this Report, and ordered it to 
be entered in the Roll amongll the {landing Orders 
of the Houfe : And, foon after, the King thought 
proper to grant aCommiinon, under his Great Seal, 
to Sir Orlando Bridgeman, Lord Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer, to execute that Place in the Houfe, 
whenever the Lord Chancellor fhould have Occa- 
fion to be abfent. 

The Lords alfo appointed a Committee to confi- 
der of the great Violation that hath been committed 
upon the Peers of this Realm, by retraining their 
Perfons, burning them in the Hand, refufmg their 
Privileges when they have been claimed, and many 
other Breaches : And that the f.iid Committee have 
Power to fend for all Offenders in thole Kinds, and, 
after Examination thereof, to report it to the Houfe. 

June 13. This Day the Commons agreed that 
the following Perfons ihould be of the Twenty who 

348 The Parliamentary HISTORY- 

An. 2. Car. II. were to be excepted out of the Ac~t of Pardon, for 
1660. Pains and Penalties not extending to Life, viz. 
C "T V ^*' J William Burton, Serjeant Richard Keeble, Oliver 
St. John, John Ireton, Sir Arthur Hafilrigge, Col. 
William Sydenham, John Dejborough, and Daniel 
Axtell : On Sydenham there was a Divifion, but it 
was carried againft him, 147 to 106. The Trial 
of Buljlrode Wkitlocke, a Perfon well known in thefe 
and former Times, came alfo on ; and the Queftion 
being put, Whether the main Queftion be now put, 
it pafled in the Negative, 175 againft 134 ; fo Mr. 
Whitlocke was refpited for that Time. 

The Commons continued to except Perfons out 
of their Act of Pardon, but though it had been vo- 
ted to except no more than twenty, yet they went on 
with their Exceptions for of Pains and Penalties, and 
Colonel John Lambert, ChriJiopherPacke, Alderman 
of London, and John Blackwell^ of Mortdack, were 
named for that Purpofe. 

The famous John Milton comes next to be que- 
fHoned for writing two Books, one intituled, Jo- 
Lannis Miltoni Angli pro Populo Anglicano Defenfio^ 
contra Claudii Anonimi, alias Salmajii Defenfionem 
Regiam ; the other, an Anfwer to a Book called, 
The Portraiture of his late Majefty in his Solitude and 
Sufferings. At the fame Time one John Goodwin 
was mentioned for writing another Book, intituled, 
The Objlruttors of Juftice, in Defence of the traite- 
rous Sentence againft the late King's Majefty. Thefe 
two Perfons were ordered to be taken into Cuftody 
by the Serjeant at Arms, to be profecuted by the 
Attorney-General ; and, laftly, the King defired to 
iflue out his Proclamation to recall their Books, along 
with fuch other Books as (hould be prefented to his 
Majefty, in a Schedule from the Houfe, in order to 
their being burnt by the Hands of the common 

This Day Mr. Secretary Morrice acquainted the 
Commons that he had a Meflage from his Majefty in 
Writing ; which he was commanded to deliver to 
that Houfe, and defired it might be read, which was 
as follows : 


Of ENGLAND. 349 

C H A R L E S R. An. i. Car.II. 

^ have had too ample a Manifejlation of your l66 * 

Affection and Duty toward us, the good Effett V """r" v """*'' 
^vbcreof is notorious to the World, to make the leajl ' un( 
Doubt of the Continuance and Improvement thereof \ 
or in the lea ft Degree to diflike -what you have done, or^^fj* 
to complain of what you have left undone. We know wW/Houfe of Com- 
the Height of thofe Affairs, which depend upon your mon ** 
Counfels, and the Time that muft unavoidably be fpent 
in Delates, where there muft naturally be Difference 
of Opinion and 'Judgment, amongft thoje whofe Dejires 
of the public Peace and Safety are the fame ; and, 
neither we nor you muft be overmuch troubled, if we 
find our good Intentions, and the unwearied Pains we 
take to reduce thofe good Intentions into real Afts, for 
the Ijhtiet and Security of the Nation, mif~reprefented 
and mi f- interpreted by thofe who are, in Truth, af- 
flitted to fee the public Diftrattions, by God's Blejfing % 
jo near an End ; and, by others, upon whofe Weak- 
nefs, Fears, and 'Jealoufies, the Activity and Cunning 
of thofe ill Men have too great an Influence. 

How wonderful and miraculous foever the great 
Harmony of Affeflions between us and our good Sub- 
jecls is, (and that is fo vifible and manifeft to the 
World, that there fcarce appears the View of any 
Cloud to overfhadow or difturb it) yet, we muft not 
think that God Almighty hath wrought the Miracle 
to that Degree, that a Nation fo miferably divided 
for fo many Years, is Jo foon and entirely united in 
their Affections and Endeavours, as were to be wifftd ; 
but that the evil Consciences of many Men continue 
fo aiuake for Mifchief, that they are not willing ty 
take Reft themf elves, or to fuffer others to take it : 
And we have all had too fad Experience of the un- 
happy Effefts of Fears and 'Jealoufies, hoiv groundlej} 
and unreasonable foever, not to think it very nfcsjfary 
to apply all timely and proper Remedies to thofe Dif~ 
tempers, and to prevent the Inconveniences and Mif- 
chief s which too naturally flow from thence : H^e well 
forefaw, that the great violation, which the Laws of 
the Land had for fo many Years fujlained, had fill* <i 
the Hearts of the People with a terrible dpprehtrifan 


350 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. of Infecurity to tbem&foes. if all they had faid and 
1660. d one fault} ^ liable to be examined and puni/hed by 
V- v .^ tbofe Laws which had been fo violated ; and that no- 
> ' Une ' thing could eftablijh the Security of King and People, 
but a full Provision, that the returning to the Reve- 
rence and Obedience of the Law, which is good for 
us oil, Jhould not turn to the Ruin of any y who are 
Willing and fit to receive that Proteflion hereafter from 
the Law, and to iyay that Subjection to it that is jujl 
and necejfary ; and, therefore, we made that free Of- 
fer of a general Pardon in fuch a Manner, as i; 
exprejjed in our Declaration ; and how ready and deji- 
rous ^ue are to make good the fame, appears by our 
Proclamation^ which we have ijjjued out upon, and ac- 
cording to, your Defere. 

However, it is evident, that all we have, or do 
offer, doth not enough tompofe the Minds of our People , 
nor, in their Opinions, can their Security be provided 
for, till the Afl of Indemnity and Oblivion be paffed ; 
and we find great Induftry is ufed by thofe, who do 
not wife that Peace to the Kingdom they ought to do, 
to perfuade our good Subjects, that we have no Mind 
to n ake good our Promises, which, in Truth, we de- 
fire to perform for our own Sake as well as theirs : 
And ive do therefore very earneflly recommend it to you, 
that fill pojfihle Expedition be ufed in the pfjftng that 
mo ft necejjary Act, whereby our good Subjects generally 
will be fatisfied, that their Security is in their own 
Hands, and depends upon their future Aflions, and 
that they are free for all that is pa ft, and fo all the 
Endeavours of ill Men will be dijappointed, which 
would perfuade them not to do well now, becaufe they 
have heretofore done amifs. And we are the more en- 
gaged to this our Recommendation, becaufe, upon the 
Reflection of your eminent 'Leal and Affection for our 
Service, and hearty Concurrence with us in all we have 
dejired from you, Men are apt to perjuade others^ 
though they do not believe it themfelves, that the paj- 
Jing the Att is therefore deferred, becaufe we do 
not enough prefs the Dijpatch of it, which we do de- 
fire from our Heart, and are confident you will the 
fooner do, upon this sur earneft Recommendation. 


Of ENGLAND. 351 

After the reading of the above Remonftrance from An. iz. Car. II. 
the King, 'the Commons defired the Secretary to re- l66 ^* 
turn their humble Thanks to his Majefty for his T*~ 
gracious MefTage ; and to acquaint him, That the 
Houfe would make it their Endeavour to give* a 
fpeedyDifpatch to what is mentioned in theMeflage ; 
and to all other Matters relating to the Public. 

Accordingly the Houfe refumed the Ac~t of Indem- 
nity; when, after Debate, it was refolvedjThatC/W/^ 
Fleet-wood^ John Pyne, Richard Dean, Major Rich- 
ard Creed, Philip Nye, 'John Goodwin, Clerk, Co- 
lonel Ralph Cobbet, William He-wet ', and Hugh Pe- 
ters, fliould be excepted out of the At of general 
Pardon and Oblivion ; the two laft for Life. 

A curious Manufcript, a which has certainly been 
the Note- Book to fome Member of this Parliament, 
and fent in to the Editors of this Work fince their 
laft Advertifement to the Public, informs us, That 
when this Debate was entered into, at this Time, 
Sir Henry Cholmley moved, That all fuch Members 
as had fat in any High Court of Juftice fhould with- 
draw, but refufed to name any. This Motion was 
feconded by Sir William Vincent ; to which Mr. 
Charlton and Mr. Prynne . added, all thofe that ab- 
jured, or figned the Inftrument of Government. Mr. 
Goodrich fpoke to lay that Bufmefs afide; and Sir 
George Booth, not to queftion them now, but to go 
to the Bufmefs of the Day. Lord Falkland moved 
to exclude them ; as did alfo Sir George Ryves, and 
Col. King. 

Some other Speakers are named in the Manufcript 
for and againft the Motion; but we do not find that 
the Houfe divided upon it, but went to the Bufmefs 
of the Day, which was to name the twenty Perfons 
who were to be excepted out of the general Pardon. 
Mr. Prynne, the Manufcript fays, moved firft againft 


a This Manufcript is by Way of Diary, and begins with June 18, 
1660 j but is broke into fometirries by Lacerations, &c. It is wrote in 
the Hand of the Times, coincides exaftly with the Journals of ths 
Commons, but is much more particular in the Names of the Speakers in 
each Debate. It was communicated to the Editors of this Work, by 
the Rev. Charles Lyttclton, LL. D. Dean of Exeter, to whom thry 
are alfo obliged for many other Favours of this Kind, in the CouiT? 
*f this Hiftorv. 

352 7& Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. . Car. II. Col. Fleetwood, which was anfwered by Sir Ralph 
6 ' Knight, for him ; but Mr. Palmer and Col. King, 
**jJS^ fpeaking alfo againft him, he was voted to be ex- 
cepted ; making, as the Note- Book fays, the I4th 
Man. Lord Falkland named Col. Pyne; which 
Mr. Swanton and Mr. Chafe feconding, faying, He 
was called the King of the Weft^ and was a great 
Tyrant, upon the Queftion, he was voted to be ex- 
cepted, being the 1 5th Man. Mr. Philip Jones was 
named next ; but, on reading a Petition from him, 
juftifying himfelf that he was not guilty of the King's 
Death, and Mr. Annejley and Mr. Finch fpeaking 
for him, his Affair was dropt. Mr. Prynne moved 
againft Richard Cromwell ; but, no one feconding, 
the Houie proceeded no farther againft him at that 
Time. The fame Member named Major Sa/way 9 
feconded by Mr. Goodrick ; but Mr. Dolt/well deli- 
vering a Petition from the Major, and he and Mr. 
Knightley fpeaking for him, he was alfo pafled by. 
Sir 'Thomas Clarges moved againft Richard Dean ; 
faying. There was a Sufpicion that he had lately 
difperfed dangerous Papers in Scotland, and was an 
Anabaptilt; upon which he was voted amongft the 
Excepted, and made the j6th Man. 

The Caufe of Mr. Wbitlocke* the Memorialift, 
who had ated in high Stations in every Revolution 
ilnce the lare King's Death, came on once again 
this Day. The Manufcript informs us, That Mr. 
Prynne firft moved the Houfe againft him, which 
was feconded by Sir Ralph Ajhton and Sir Henry 
Finch, who faid, JVhitlocke was as much an Ambaf- 
fador as St. John was ; was for fining him, but not 
to exceed the Value of two Years Income of his 

Mr. Annejley was for not quitting him, but to fet 
feme jVlark of Disfavour upon him only, by reafon of 
hisnumerous Family. Mr.Charlton alfo fpoke againft 
him, but moderately ; and Mr. Palmer moved to fpare 
his Eftate for his Children's Sake. For IVbitlocka 
fpoke Mr. WJoughby^ Sir Henry Cbo/m/ey, Mr. Tur- 
'2j-J~,ordHcward } Sir George Booth) ^\vJohnRobinfon y 


Of E N G L A N D. 353 

and Sir Richard Brown, who faid, Mr. Wbitlocke^ 
preferved him from being taken; and Six John Hot- 
land, who urged his fending the Kin : over 500 /. 
and his fecuring Lyme for him, of which his Son 
was Governor. On the whole, Mr. IVhitlocke was 
again acquitted. 

The next Perfon who was named was Major 
Creed, and only Major Archer fpoke for him; how- 
ever the Houfe divided twice on this Affair ; flrft, 
Whether the QueiHon fhould be then put; which 
was carried, 147 againft 101 ; and the Main Que- 
ftion being put, Creed was caft by 133 to 103 : So 
he made the lyth Man. 

Sir William IVyldc moved the Houfe againft Philip 
Nye, a Minifter, which was feconded by Sir Henry 
Finch ; who faid, Nye had enriched himfelf very 
much in thofe Times of Plunder and Rapine; and 
that there needed no particular Charge, fince the 
Hue-and-Cry was general againft him. Mr. Tur- 
ner alfo urged it home againft Nye, and faid, That 
he being the Grandee at the Committee for beftow- 
ing Benefices, a young Man oi Learning and Merit 
would not pafs with him, when a worthlefs good- 
for-nothing Fellow was always preferred. Sir Ri- 
chard Temple moved to charge Nye with fome capi- 
tal Crime ; but the Houfe was more moderate, and 
one Mr. Folie fpeaking for him, he was only ex- 
cepted as above, and made the i8th Man. 

John Goodwin, the Author before-mentioned, was 
next named by Mr. Prynne, and voted to be the 
1 9th Man. 

Col. Csbbet was moved againft by Mr. Hopkins', 
Sir Henry Finch feconded ; but not to put him on the 
Lift of the Twenty, but except him by himfelf as 
capital : But this not being agreed to, it was refol- 
ved, on the Queftion, That Cobbet fliould only ftand 
for Pains and Penalties, and he made the 2Oth Man. 
Judge Thorpe was named at the fame Time with 
Cobbet, by Col. King, feconded by Mr. Winfield and 
Mr. Prynne; who mentioned one Thorpe, that was 
a Judge in Edward the Second's Time, who, for 
taking Bribes and other Mifdemeanors, was punifti- 
VOL. XXII. Z ed ; 

354 ffl> e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. ed ; and therefore defired that this Judge Thorpe 
1660. might alfo fuffer the fame : But feveral Members 
^~ v -> fpeaking in Behalf of" Thorpe, he was acquitted, and 
June, Cobbet, as above, taken in his Place. 

The Cafe of Hugh Peters, that Pulpit Incendiary, 
came next to be confidered by the Houfe; Serjeant 
Tyrrell produced an Information againft him, from, 
one Dr. Young, a Phyfician in Wales : That Peters^ 
being very fick and like to die, told him, that it was 
he and Cromwell who confulted together how to dif- 
pofe of the late King. Hewlet, the Man fufpected 
to have cut off the King's Head, was alfo named 
with Peters, there being two WitnefTes ready to 
fwear againft him : On which the Houfe thought 
proper to except them out of the Act for Life, and 
leave them to the Law. 

But it is now Time to return back to fee what the 
Houfe of Lords were doing all this while 3 and they 
were not without their Trials of fome of thofe 
Wretches, who had done fo much Mifchief in the 

One Major Rolph was informed againft by two 
Witneffes, for having had a Defign to make away 
with the late King, when he was Prifoner in Carlf- 
Irook-Ca/lle: On which the Lords ordered the Gen- 
tlcman-Ufher of the Black Rod to take Rolph into 
Cuftody, as a dangerous Perfon, and bring him, 
along with the Witnefles, before them the next 

Accordingly this Day, June 14, the Major was 
brought to the Bar, as a Delinquent, when Richard 
OJbourne, on his Oath, produced a printed Paper, for- 
merly printed, in which were Letters he had wrote; 
and fwore that the Matter in that printed Paper was 
true. Doivcett, the other Witnefs, was alfo fworn, 
and afked what he had to charge againft the Pri- 
foner; who alfo delivered in a Paper of Informa- 
tion, which he had before given as Evidence, and 
fwore the fame to be true. The Houfe then ordered 
both thefe Papers to be read ; the Contents of 
which, as entered in the Journals, were as follow: 


Of E N G L A N D. 355 

./f LETTER to the LordWHAR.Tox y fent /y Richard An. 12. Car. n, 

Ofbourne. l66 - 

My Lord, June 1,1648. V "T^"'" J 

* fT^HOUGH I cannot but imagine I ftand fo 

* X highly condemned in your Lordmip's and A Letter to the 

* many Perfons Thoughts, that any thing of Vindi- Lord Wbartm 

' cation from me muft come with all the Difadvan- on ^ 5/ /^ >s An - 

* tage and Prejudice that may be: Yet, my Lord, cr * 

* being confcious of my own Integrity, and confi- 

* dent that I mall be judged by your Lordfhips by 
1 no other Rules but thofe of Juftice and Reafon, I 

* cannot doubt but, when I have difcovered the 

* Grounds and Reafons of my Actions, that it will 
' appear to your Lordlhips, that what I have done 
e hath been agreeable to the feveral Duties I ftand 

* engaged in, as I am fuppofed to have acted con- 

* trary before I am heard. 

* Not to detain your Lordfhip in Circumftances, 

* I fhall make this Proteftation, That as no other 

* Thing but the Danger of the King's Life could, in 

* Reafon, excufe fuch an Attempt, fo I proteft that 

* no inferior Confiderations did or could have moved 
c to fuch an Aftion : But, my Lord, having had fuch 
particular and well-grounded Information that fo 

* horrid a Defign was intended and moved, from 
' thofe that could, when they pleafed, have had the 
< Power to put it in Execution, I hope I fhall not be 
' cenfured for having poftponed all other Confidera- 
' tions to that Loyalty which cannot be queftioned 

* but I owe to the King. 

' But not to leave your Lordfhip unfatisfied with 
e the general Account : The Intelligence I fpeak of 

* concerning this Defign I received from Captain 
' Rolpb) a Perfon very intimate with the Governor, 

* privy to all Councils, and one that is very high 
4 in the Efteem of the Army ; he, my Lord, in- 

* formed me that, to his Knowledge, the Governor 
e received feveral Letters from the Army, inti- 

* mating, they defired the King might, by any 
8 Means, be removed out of the Way, either by 

* Poifon or otherwife : And that another Time the 

* fame Perfon perfuaded me to join with him in a 

Z 2 Defign 

An. ia. Car. II. 


To the Lord 
Mar.cbfjlcr o 
yie fame. 

356 ffie Parliamentary Hi s T OR Y - 

Defign to remove the King out of that Caftle to a 
Place of more Secrecy, proffering to take an Oath 
with me, and to do it without the Governor's Pri- 
vity ; who, he faid, would not confent for lofing 
the Allowance of the Houfe. His Pretence to this 
Attempt was, That the King was in too public a 
Place, from whence he might be refcued ; but if he 
might be conveyed to fome Place of Secrecy, he 
faid we might difpofe of his Perfon upon all Occa- 
fions as we thought fit : And this he was confident 
he could effect without the Governor's Privity. 

* My Lord, confidering all thefe pregnant Cir- 
cumftances, I think it will appear that there were, 
if there are not, fuch Intentions concerning his Ma- 
jefty's Perfon, as may well juftify my Endeavours 
that have been made for his Remove from fo much 
Danger ; and, for my own Part, my Lord, I muft 
be fo plain as to declare concerning my own Act- 
ings in relation to this Bufmefs, that had I not 
done this, having fuch Grounds, I muft believe I 
had then verified all thofe Afperfions of Difloyalty, 
and Breach of Truft, which I am contented to fufrer 
from thofe, whofe Intereft is, perchance, oppofed to 
my Endeavours to prevent fuch damnable Defigns. 

' My Lord, I have fpoken nothing here but what 
I fLall be ready to teftify upon Oath, whenever I 
fhall be called to it, with Promife of Freedom and 
Security ; 'till then I muft be contented to fupport 
all Cenfures, and fatisfied with the Vindication I 
receive from my own Confcience. 1 am 
Tour Lordfmp's bumble Servant , 


fo the Rt. Hon. tie Earl o/"MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore, 

Right Honourable, June 1 6, 1648. 

Did, by a Letter of the firft of June, acquaint 
my Lord Wharton with what I fend here in- 
lofed, expecting it would, before this, have been 
communicated to both Houfes. What ftould 
* be the Rcafon of concealing a Bufmefs of this Na- 

* ture 


Of ENGLAND. 357 

ture I know not, except it be to give thofe Time An. 12. Car. II. 
' that are concerned in it, better to think of fome l66 - 

* Stratagem to evade this Diicovery. W"V w 

' I humbly delire your Lordfhip, upon Sight of ' 

* this Relation, to communicate it to the Houfe of 

* Peers, which I fhal! be ready to atleft upon Oath 

* in every Particular, whenever your Lordihip fhall 
4 pleafe to allow me that Freedom and Security, 
' which ought to be afforded to any Gentleman and 
' Chriftian in witnefling a Truth. I am, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhlp's 

Mojl humble Servant, 


e Abraham Dcwcett, of IVmdfor, in the County of w r . Z>CWH'S 
Berks? Efq; aged forty-eight Years, or thereabouts, Evidence againil 
fworn and examined before the Lords in Parliament, Rol t h * 
aflembled the i8th Day of July, in the 24th Year 
of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King Charles, 
and in the Year of our Lord God 1648, informetli 
and fayeth, upon his Oath, as followeth, viz. 

' That the Examinant being placed by the Conv- 

* miffioners of both Routes of Parliament, to attend 

* upon his Majefty as Clerk of hisMajefty'sJCitchen, 
c at Newcaftle, about the End of January, 1646, and 
c continued in that Service always afterwards in fe- 
' veral Places, to which his Majefty, from Time to 
e Time, removed, until the 28th Day of Maylzft paff. 

He depofeth, and fayeth, ' That, about a Fort- 
4 night before the faid 28th of May, Mr. Richard 
' Oflourtie, who attended upon the King as Gentle- 

* man-U(her to his Majefty, at CariJbrook-Caftle? in 

* the Ifle oflFigbt, came unto this Examinant, into 
4 his Chamber, in the faid Caftle, and then and there 

* told him, That the King was weary of his being in 
' the faid Caftle, and had a great Defire to be gone 
' from thence : To which the Examinant made An- 

* fwer, That he could not blame his Majefty for it, 

* being in the Condition he there was ; but this 
' Examinant conceived that it would be 




358 lie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, i*. Car. II.' difficult for his Majefty, and hazardous to his Per- 

1660. f or)) to attempt any Efcape from thence, or ufed 

^- v*' Words to that Effect : Whereupon the faid Mr. 

Juue, f OJbourne, at that Time, left this Examinant, but 

' repaired to him again about three or four Days af- 

* terwards, in his Chamber, and then and there told 

* this Examinant, That Capt. Edmund Ralph, now 
' Major Ralph, had a Defign on foot for conveying 

* his Majefty's Perfon away from Car ijbrook- Co/lie, 

* to fome Place of Secrecy, where but three fliould go 
' with him, and where they might difpofe of his 

* Perfon as they fhould think fit. 

' This Examinant, fearing that the faid Mr. Of- 
' bourne came but to entrap him, made Anfwer, That 

* if he might fee fomething under his Majefty's 

* Hand, teitifying his Majefty's Defire that this Ex- 

* aminant fhould affift the faid Mr. O/bourne con- 

* cerning his Majefty's Efcape, that then he would 

* be ready to aflift him therein : Whereupon the faid 
1 Mr. OJbourne again left the Examinant; and 'the 

* fame Day, after Supper, came to this Examinant's 

* faid Chamber, bringing with him a Note of his 

* Majefty's Hand-writing to this Effect, viz. Dow- 

* cett, / defire you to ajjijl the Bearer hereof \ Of- 

* bourne, for my Efcape : Upon Sight whereof this 

* Examinant afked the faid Mr. OJbourne, If his 
' Majefty fhould efcape, whither he would then go? 

* To which the faid Mr. OJbourne made Anfwer, 
' That his Majefty would go to his Parliament: 
' And thereupon this Examinant yielded, and pra- 

* mifed to join with the faid Mr. OJbourne, as was 

* by him propounded, and by his Majefty defired : 
' But this Examinant, not daring to keep the faid 

* Note, did prefently burn the fame. And after- 
' wards this Examinant, upon Conference, from 

* Time to Time, with the faid Mr. OJbourne, and 

* in purfuance of their faid Agreement in that Be- 
half, dealt with one Tillius, one Wenfcall* and 
Lloyd, and alfo with one Feather/lone, Soldiers at 
6 Cart/brook^ for Rewards to them given, and pro- 

* mifed to be given, that they (hould be afiiftant to 

* the faid Mr. OJbourne and the faid Examinant, to- 

' wards 

Of E N G L A N D. 359 

6 wards his Majefty's intended Efcape ; which they An. iz. Ca 

* promifed to be, and Sunday Night, the 28th of l66 - 

* May Jaft, was agreed for the Accompliftiment ^ ~*^ 
f L c June. 

* thereof. 

* The Manner thereof fhould have been thus : 

* The King was to be furnifhed with a Cord by the 

* faid Mr. Ofbourne, and with the fame his Majefty, 

* by himfelf alone, was to come down out of his 

* Chamber-Window within the faid Caftle, in the 
c Dark of the Night, and was then forthwith to 
4 walk on to the new Platform in the faid Caftle j 
c from thence he was to get down by another Cord, 

* which this Examinant had provided, to be deli- 

* vered to the faid Lloyd, who was therewith to help 
' the King in his getting down from the faid Platform; 

* from which Place his Alajefty being once gotten 
'down, he might, without farther Help of Cords, 

* pafs well enough to a Place where Mr. Edward 

* IVorfley, an Inhabitant of the faid Ifland, privy and 

* confenting to the faid intended Efcape, was to at- 
' tend with Horfes for his Majefty, and that his 
' Majefty, being got on Horfeback, fhould, from 

* that Place, ride about three Miles and an half from 
c the faid Caftle, to the Sea, where the faid Mr. 
c OJbournc was to attend with a Boat, ready to re- 

* ceive and carry off his Majefty. 

* This Examinant further fayeth, That about three 

* Hours before the Time that his Majefty was to 

* efcape, it did plainly appear to this Examinant, 

* that the faid Plot for his Majefty's Efcape was dif- 

* covered ; whereupon this Examinant, without de- 
' livering any Cord to the faid Lloyd, went to Bed in 
' his Chamber in the Caftle, and about an Hour and 

* a half after the faid Col. Hammond, the Governor, 
' and the faid Capt. Ralph, with others, came into 
' this Examinant's Chamber, where they found him 

* then in his Bed, and the faid Governor ufed then 
' forthwith to this Examinant Words to this Eftccl, 
' viz. Oh ! Sir, you are in Bed, you are he that 

* Jhould have helped to convey away the King To-night l , 
' with many other Speeches, And this Examinant 

4 was 

An. 12. Car. II. 


360 ^he Parliamentary HISTORY 

was forthwith commanded to rile and make him- 
felf ready ; which he did, and from thenceforth 
was confined to his faid Chamber, and a Guard 
of Mufkeceers let upon him by Command of the 
faid Governor. 

' This Examinant alfo fayeth, That, about three 
Days after, the faid Ralph came again to his 
Chamber, and then and there, in a tearing Man- 
ner, afked this Examinant, Why the King came 
not do'.vn according to his Appointment? To 
which this Examinant anfwered, Becaufe you pre- 
vented him. Whereupon the faid Ralph, with 
great Indignation and Fury, faid, He waited almoft 
three Hours under the new Platfoim with a good 
Piftol, ready charged, to receive him if he had 

After the Reading of thofe Letters, Major Ralph 
was afked, What he could fay to quit himfelf of this 
horrid Offence of confpiring the late King's Death, 
at Cart/brook Gajtte ? He denied himfelf to be guilty 
of any fuch Deiign a^ to make away with the King 
at the faid Caftle ; that he was for that Bufmefs tried 
at Wincbefter Affixes, by Order of both Houfes of 
Parliament, and was there acquitted by the Grand- 
Jury ; and that he had laid hold upon the King's 
gracious Offer of Pardon in his Declaration. 

The Lords on this ordered, That the Bufmefs 
concerning Ralph be recommended to the Judges, 
to confider and "date this Affair, and report it to the 
Houfe, that their Lordmips may fee whether there 
be Ground furficient to except the faid Ralph from 
his Majefty's gracious Offer of Pardon: In the mean 
Time, that he be committed to Newgate ^ till the 
further Pleafuie of the Houfe be known. 

'June 15. This Day the Lords had another Cafe 
before them, fomewhatof the likeKind as the former, 
but whu h concerned a Member of their own Houfe; 
The Earl oi Pembroke^ from theCommittee for Privi- 
leges, reported, That it was their Opinion the Lord 


Of E N G L A N D. 361 

Vifc. Purbeck fhouid be fecured by Order of the An. 12. Car. H. 
Houfe, fortreafonahle Words alledged and offered to l66 * "* 
be proved againft him ; for that the Earl of Monmouth y * 7^""""^ 
upon his Honour, averred, That he heard the laid ' un< 
Lord Purbeck fay, * That rather than the late King 
fhouid want one to cut off his Head, he would do it The Lord v; j. 
himfelf." The faid Earl alfo delivered in a Paper to Purkck Kcuki 
the Houfe, containing blafphemcus Words. Upon for ueafonable 
this Information, the Lords ordered the Gentleman- Words > ^ 
Ufher, attending the Houfe, forthwith to take the 
faid Lord Vifcount Purbeck into Cuftody, and then 
bring him to the Houfe, to anfwer an Information 
of High-Treafon, and other high Mifdemeanors 
againft him. 

The very next Day the Gentleman-Ufher ac- 
quainting the Houfe, That he had attached the Lord 
Vifc. Purbeck^ according to the Order of Yefterday, 
the Houfe took into Conlideration how he fhouid be 
called in, and the Houfe ordered that he {hould come 
into his Place as a Peer, and hear the Information 
read againft him ; but the Gentleman-Ufher inform- 
ing the Houfe, That the faid Vifcount Purbeck told 
him, That he had neither Writ nor Patent to be a 
Peer ; and therefore knew no Place he had here in 
this Houfe, but was now a Member of the Houfe 
of Commons ; and therefore he would not come : 
Hereupon this Houfe, conceiving this Anfwer and Re- 
fufal to be a Contempt to this Houfe, ordered, That 
he fhouid be brought to the Bar as a Delinquent ; 
and accordingly he was brought in, and kneel'd at 
the Bar as a Delinquent, untill, by Order of the 
Houfe, he was commanded to ftand up ; then the 
Information was read to him, viz. 

1. The Information of the Earl of Monmoutb, 
who heard the faid Vifcount Purbeck fay, Thatra- 
ther than the late King {hould want one to cut oft 
his Head, he, the faid Vifcount Purbeck , would do 
it himfelf.' 

2. The Information of the Lord Petre, who, at 
the pretended High Court of Juftice upon the late 
King, did hear the Lord Vifcount Purbeck fay to 


362 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 12. Effet, * That Bradjbaw was a gallant Man, the 
1660. Preferver of our Liberties ; and that the faid Lord 
*~~?~^ Vifcount Purged hoped that Bradjbaw would do 
Juftice upon the Tyrant, fpeaking of the late King. 

3. An Information that the faid Vifcount Pur- 
leck mould fay, in the Houfe of Commons, in 
Richard's Convention, ftanding near the Speaker's 
Right Hand, ' Mr. Speaker, I wonder that I fhould 
be accufed of being a Cavalier, or bearing Arms for 
Charles Stuart , which I never did ; for I proteft I 
fo much hated him, and his Caufe, that, becaufe 
thofe of the Name of Villars did fide with him, and 
aflift him, therefore I hated tha't Name alfo, and 
changed it for Danvers. 

4. The Information of John Harris, That, on 
Monday, December 17, 1649, young Robert Pillars, 
Son to Vifcount Purbeck, came in the Afternoon to 
the Earl of Monmoutb's Houfe, being then in Quecn- 

Jlreet, London, and, among other atheiftical Speeches, 
wherein he denied the Immortality of the Soul, and 
fcoffed at Judgment to come, he afk'd the Lady Phi- 
ladelphia Wharton what fhe fear'd ? That fhe had read 
of the Three-headed Dog Cerberus, and was afraid 
he would bite her. He alfo, with blafphemousWords, 
dared God to maintain his own Quarrel; afking her, 
fuppofing fhe were fhut up in a Sheet of Lead, only 
a little Hole left againft her Mouth to breathe at, if 
that Hole was fuddenly foldcred up, whither her 
Soul would go \ LaJlly, He fcoffingly faid, That 
God was a good old Man, and troubled himfelf with 
little, &c. but he had a Son that was a dapper 
young Man, that was likely to beftir himfelf, sV.' 
Thefe being read, the Lord Vifcount Purbeck de- 
fired to know whether he might have Liberty to 
fpeak, which the Houfe granted, and then he faid, 
He valued the Honour of this Houfe very much, but 
he hath no Right himfelf to this Honour of a Peer, 
becaufe he can find no Patent for any fuch Honour, 
in the Petty-Bag Office, nor any Writ : He faid 
further, He petitioned the King to give him Leave 
to levy a Fine to clear him of any Title to that 


Of E N G L A N D. 363 

Honour, and his Majefty hath made an Order 
the Attorney-General for that Purpofe, and the l66 - 
Reafons, he faid, to induce him to this, were, -v -^. 

1. This Honour was but a Shadow without a Jun ' 

2. His fmall Eftate was unfit to maintain any 
fuch Honour. 

3. That Noble Family he came of never owned 
him, neither hath he any Eftate from them. 

As touching the Information now againft him, he 
faid, He is chofen a Member of the Houfe of Com- 
mons, to ferve there this Parliament, and being fo, 
he did not know whether he {hould anfwer or no ; 
but appealed to their Lordftiips, whether he is to be 
tried here by their Lordftiips or no. 

Hereupon the Houfe commanded him to with- 
draw; and the Lords, upon Confideration what 
the Lord Vifcount Purbeck had faid, the Speaker of 
their Houfe was directed to tell him, That the Lords 
were not fatisfied with his Plea, but expected he 
{hould make further Anfwer ; and he beinsr called in 
again as before, the Speaker told him the Refolution 
of the Houfe as aforefaid ; and then he defired he 
might have a Copy of his Charge. 

Then the Houfe commanded his Lordfhip to with- 
draw again, and their Lordftiips, advifmg upon the 
Anfwer, ordered, That he fhould be called in again, 
and told by the Speaker, That what was now read 
unto him was but an Information, and no Charge ; 
and the Houfe does not think fit to give him a Copy ; 
but expects he (hould anfwer the Information. 

Unto which his Lordfhip replied, That he defired 
Leave to advife with his Counfel whether he fhould 
anfwer, and he did not know, in regard he is a Mem- 
ber of the Houfe of Commons, whether he mi^ht 
anfwer. After this he was commanded again to 
withdraw; and then the Houfe ordered, That the 
faid Vifcount Purbeck fhould remain in theCuftody 
of the Gentleman- Ufher of the Black Rod, untill 
the Pleafureof this Houfe be further fignified. 

A few Days after the Lords made another Order 
on this Bufinefs, That the feveral Informations, and 


364 ^fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12, Car. II. Kkewife thePaper of Precedents read, concerning the 

1660. Lord Vifcount Purbeck^ be delivered to the King's 

C-'-V" 1 *^ Attorney -General, and the King's other learned 

J une * Counfel, to make a State of this Cafe to the Houfe, 

that fo their Lordfhips might give further Directions 

concerning this Bulinefs. 

The Lords for feveral Days after this had nothing 
remarkable before them fit for our Purpofe ; Orders 
to prevent cutting down Woods and other Waftes in 
the King's Parks, Manors, Chaces, &c. as well as 
in the Eftates of the Nobility j taking off Sequeftra- 
tions, receiving and reading a great Number of Pe- 
titions from private Perfons, and others, forRedrefs 
of the Grievances they had fuffered during the Ufur- 
pation, being all their chief Bufmefs : We fhall 
leave them therefore, and return to the Commons ; 

Who this Day, June 19, thought it highly proper 
that the Thanks of the Houfe fhould be given to the 
Lord-Admiral, Edward Montagu, in the Name of 
themfelves, and of all the Commons of England, for 
his great and eminent Services to his Majefty and the 
Kingdom. The Admiral ftanding up in his Place, 
the Speaker addrefTed himfelf to him in thele Words : 

f My Lord, If you pleafe tocaft your Eyes about 
you, you may read in our chearful Faces, our thank- 
ful Hearts ; which do indeed exprefs your Praifes, 
more than ten thoufand Tongues can poffibly do. 
God hath done you the Honour to be the Convey- 
ancer of the greateft Bleflings that ever this Nation 
received : You have landed our Sovereign upon the 
fafeft Shore that ever Englijh King fet his Foot on, 
the Hearts of his People. 

' The Houfe have therefore ordered this eminent 
and tranfcendent Service to be recorded in their 
'Journal, there to remain for your Honour as long as 
the World endures. Indeed, no Meafure of Thanks 
is proportionable to the Meafure of your Merit, but 
the Thanks of this Houfe ; and therefore I am com- 
manded, and I do, in the Name of this Houfe, and 
in the Name of all thofe whom they reprefent, the 


Of E N G L A N D. 365 

Commons of England, give you 
Thanks/ 66 - 

A Day or two after this, the Lord -General Monke ^ - "~ vr "*"^ 
flood up in his Place, and acquainted the Houfe, ^ u y * 
That the King, by Patent, had called him up to the 
Houfe of Peers ; and gave the Houfe of Commons 
Thanks for the many ieveral Favours he had recei- 
ved from them. 

After this the Commons went on for fome Days 
with regulating Elections ; perfecting the Bill of 
general Pardon ; raifmg Money ; and putting the 
Queen Dowager into Pofleffion of her Jointure and 
Ertate, and fending her 20,000 /. for her prefent Oc- 
cafions, with other Matters ; but none remarkable 
enough for the Courfe of this Hiftory. 

July 2. The Bufmefs of raifmg Money for the 
prefent Exigencies of the State came nrft on the 
Carpet, in the Houfe of Commons, the Beginning 
of this Month ; which our Manufcript Diary tells 
us was firft moved for by Mr. Secretary Morrice^ 
in an excellent Speech for that Purpofe. This Mo- 
tion was feconded by Mr. Stevens and Mr. Annef- 
ley, who were for doing of it fpeedily. But Sir Wil- 
liam Lewis argued, That it was beft to proceed with 
the A6t of Indemnity firft, that People might be 
more ready to pay. Sir John Northcot fpoke on 
the fame Side, as did alfo Mr. Prynne and Mr. 
Knightley. However, Lord Falkland, fpeaking in 
Behalf of the firft Motion, which was to raife Mo- 
ney fpeedily to pay the Debts of the Nation ; and Mr. 
Piere point faying, That the Charge of the Army and 
Navy, and the Intereft, came to 6000 /. a Day ; 
that it was inconfiftent for an Army and Parliament 
to fubfift together, and that the Trained-Bands were 
fufficient: To all which, Col. Birch adding, That 
the People's Liberties were not fafe with fuch an 
Army ; that, though he was a Member of it him- 
felf, yet he moved it might be paid off; and laid, 
that 260,000 /. would difband ten Regiments of 
Foot ; the Houfe agreed to fet afide every Tuffday, 
Thttrfday, and Saturday, to go upon Means to raife 
Money ifor that Purpofe. j 

366 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ia. Car. II. The fame Day the Houfe went upon the A& of 
Indemnity ; in which a ftrong Debate and a Divi- 
fion upon it enfued, fcarce mentioned in thejourna!s 9 
but which we give from the Authority of our Manu- 
Pebate on the ^'P 1 Diary. There had been many Provifoes offered 
Bill of indem- totheHoufe, in the Courfe of this Bill, fome of which 
Bi -y- were taken, and others rejected. But, this Day, a 

Provifo was put into the Houfe by fome unknown 
Member, to be added to the Bill ; which was, to dif- 
able all the Perfons of the High Court of Juftice ; 
all Decimators, Major-Generals, Abjurors, and all 
thofe that petitioned againft the King. Hereupon a 
hot Debate began ; Mr. Annejley moved to have it 
thrown out, which was feconded by Sir John Northed; 
Mr. Goodrick to throw it out, faying, It was as dan- 
gerous as a Hand-Granado in a Barrel of Gunpow- 
der. Sir Henry Finch for throwing it out j faying, 
It did include all Men. Sir Thomas Clarges for the 
fame, adding, That it was a moft dangerous Thing, 
and an Indulgence not to inquire who brought it in, 
for he deferved to be called to the Bar. 

On the other Side, there were feveral Members 
who fpoke for the whole Provifo, and others to mi- 
tigate and take Part. Mr. Prynne was for the whole, 
feconded by Mr. Charlton, who added, That he 
who faid the Perfon who brought it in deferved to 
be called to the Bar, deferved it himfelf ; and moved 
againft thofe that petitioned againft the King, or fat 
in Parliament in the Years 1647 anc ^ 4^> an( ^ in trie 
High Court of Juftice : Alfo againft all thofe who 
were the Contrivers of the Inftrument of Govern- 
ment, thofe that were Impofers of Taxes under Oli- 
ver, Major-Generals, and Decimators ; adding, 
That though he never preffed the Death of any Man, 
yet, to fecure the future Peace of the Nation, he 
could net be filent. Col. King was likcwife for re- 
ceiving the Provifo ; faying, It was not Prudence to 
fet up thofe in Power that now lay under their Feet ; 
nor that any in the Houfe, who were guilty of fuch 
Crimes, fhould plead their own Caufes. 

The Mitigators were, firft, Sir Henry Cholmley^ 
who moved to take in the Provifo in Part. Mr. Tre- 


Of E N G L A N D. 367 

lany was only againft Major-Generals and Decima- An. 12. Car. II. 
tors. Mr. Palmer againft all Abjurors, Major-Ge- l66 * 
nerals, and High Court of Juftice Men. Sir William *" - "r\~^' 
D'OHey was for referring the Provifo to a Committee. Ju y 
Mr. Knight urged, That the Provifo was too large 
and not to be mended. Sir Thomas Meeres to amend 
it, if poflible ; but he feared it was impoffible. But 
Serjeant Hales, being for reje&ing the whole Provifo, 
argued, That it was contrary to the King's Defire, 
and even the A& itfelf, which excepted but twenty 
Perfons for Pains and Penalties ; and therefore mo- 
ved, in order to cement all Differences, to reject it. 
And Mr. Young faying, That though he was not 
concerned in the Provifo, yet he was againft it, be- 
caufe it was againft the King's Defire. Mr. Thomas 
concluding, That this ought to be laid afide, and to 
take another fomething like it. At laft, upon the 
Queftion, the Provifo was ordered to be laid afide. 

But this Debate begot another, though a much 
fhorter one ; for Col. White immediately moved the 
Houfe, That any Provifo brought in, read, and no- 
body owning it, might be laid afide. This was fe- 
conded by Col. Shapcot and Sir George Booth. Mr. 
Knightley was for owning of it the firft Time of 
reading it ; Mr. Stevens, to fubfcribe their Names ; 
Mr. Trelany, to caft it out the firft Reading, if none 
fpoke to it ; and though Mr. Char/ton argued, That 
if the Gentleman that brought in the Provifo be out 
of the Houfe, and no one fpeak to it, then to reje6t 
it, yet no Order was made on this Motion, fays our 
Diary, nor is any fuch Thing in the Journals. 

July 3. This Day the Commons read a third 
Time, and paffed, a Bill, intituled, An A SI for the 
Confirmation and future Prefervation of the Privi- 
leges of Parliament, and of the Fundamental Laws 
made for Confervation of the Lives and Liberties of 
the Subjett ; and ordered Mr. Prynne to carry it up 
to the Lords. 

The Commons had been fome Time on a Poll 
Bill, in which they this Day made fome Progrefs ; 
and a Claufe being offered for Jnfertion in this Bill, 


3 68 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. J2. Car. II. Whether to impofe this Tax in Proportion to Titles 
l66 * and Eftates, on a Divifion, it patted by a Majority of 

^"""T^ ^ 129 to 104, and the Members for the leveral Coun- 
ties, Cities, Borousris, &c. were ordered to bring in 
Names for being Commiffioners to this Bill ; but 
that no Decimators, High Court of Juftice Men, 
Abjurors, &c. fhould be of the Number. 

July 4. A Debate happened in the Houfe of 
Commons this Day, not at all mentioned in their 
'Journals^ but which is in our Diary. It feems fome 
Orders of the Lords bein^:. read, and one which was 
to ftay all Profits for the ejecled Minifters, in the 
Hands of the Churchwardens, Mr. Eamfield flood 
up and produced feveral Orders ot the Lords like- 
wife againft Laymen ; wherein, he faid, the Lords 
took upon them to order their Clerk to receive Pe- 
titions himfelf, and grant Oiders upon them; which 
was contrary to their Privilege. He particularly 
mentioned Mr. Pitt's Cafe, a Member of this 
Houfe, in which the Lords made an Order to ftay 
him from cutting Wood upon Ludlow-CaJlle Lands, 
which now belongs to his Lady. Col. Shapcot 
moved for a Committee to confider of this Cafe, 
which was feconded by Sir Anthony Irby and Mr. 
Knightley ; which laft Gentleman faid, That the 
Minifters came into their Livings without any Or- 
der. Mr. Annejley was alfo for a Committee, fay- 
ing, That Mr. Pitt's Cafe was a e;reat Breach of 
Privilege ; and their Order to their Clerk the great- 
eft Reflection that could be on their own ilonours 
and Judgments : On which a Committee of Inquiry 
into this Cafe was appointed. 

The fame Day the Houfe of Commons refuming 
the Affair of the Bill of Indemnity, another Provifo 
was offered; the Debate on which, tho' but flightly 
Debate conti- mentioned in the Journals, was ftronger than any 
we have yet met with ; lafting, as our Manufcript 
fays, above two Hours. Col. Jones fpoke firft, very 
ftrongly, to it, in every Particular. This Provifo 
was to caufe all Officers, during the Protectorate, to 
refund their Salaries. Particularly aimed againft 


Of E N G L A N D. 369 

Mr. Prideaux for the Poft-Office j likewife againftAn.iz. Car. II. 
the High Court of Juftice Men, the Council and l66o> 
Committee of Safety, Commiffioners for Excife and ^^7 V ^"^ 
Cuftoms, the Truftees for King and Queen's Lands, Ju y 
Dean and Chapter's Commiffioners, with all thofe 
that were Commiffioners of Sequeftrations, or con- 
cerned in the Prize-Office. 

This Motion was fcconded by Mr. Prynne, in all 
its Articles; who faid alfo, That he knew thofe 
Perfons had received above 250,0007. for their 
iniquitous Doings, and therefore moved that they 
might be made to refund it. Col. King (poke on 
the fame Side very warmly, faying, amongft other 
Things, It was fit fuch Spunges fliould be fqueezed. 

But this Motion for refunding met with a very 
warm Repulfe, as might be well expected, fmce 
there were too many Members of that Houfe con- 
cerned in this Inquiry, to fuffer fuch a Provifo to 
pafs. Sir Thomas Widdrington, our Manufcript fays, 
was the firft who pleaded ftrongly againft it; a Man 
whofe Hiftory thefe Memoirs are full of; and he 
ended his Arguments by faying, That if he was in- 
cluded in the Provifo, he had much better have been 
wholly excluded the Act. Sir Heneage Finch faid, 
That moft of thefe Complaints were already named 
in the Act, and particularly Accountants excepted, 
but not their Heirs, which this Provifo would in- 
clude. Mr. Stevens, That thofe were not Ac- 
countants, but might be included in the Provifo, 
notwithftanding the Act, if fome little Amendments 
were made in it. Mr. Char/ton faid, The Provifo 
might be amended, and moved that it might ftand. 
Sir William D'Oiley was alfo for receiving the Pro- 
vifo, but to refer it to two or three Perfons to word 
it better, and to leave out the Judges. Some other 
Members, Sir Thomas Meeres^ Mr. Palmer^ &c. 
fpoke for the Provifo ; but all ineffectual : 

For feveral Members fpeaking on the other Side 
of the Queftion, as Sir Thomas Clarges, Mr. Toung 9 
Serjeant Littleton^ Mr. Bodardo, and Mr. Brifcoe^ 
who faid, Such Rigour would confound Men, where- 
as Mercy would convert them. To which Mr. 
VOL. XXII. A a Good-, 

3/o The "Parliamentary HISTORY 

An.**. Car. II. Goodrick, on the fame, argued, That the Refunding 
1660. would be to fome a greater Punifliment, than to be 
I"*-""*"" 1 "^ one of the twenty excepted Perfons ; and that all the 
Soldiers were included : And, laftly, Sir Anthony 
AJhley Cooper clofed the Debate, with 'faying, He 
might freely fpeak, becaufe he never received any 
Salary ; but he looked upon the Provifo as danger- 
ous to the Peace of the Nation ; adding, That it 
reached General Monke and Admiral Montagu, 
after the Houfe had given them Thanks, and Thou- 
fands befides. On all which the Queftion being 
called and put, Whether the Provifo mould ftand or 
be laid afide, the Houfe divided, when the Num- 
bers were, for (landing, 151, for the latter, 181. 
A very large Houfe, and fliews of what Importance 
the Subjet in Debate was to many at that Time. 

The fume Day another Provifo was offered to the 
Bill ; which was to enable Perfons to bring Actions 
for Recovery of Damages againft Perfons that im- 
prifoned the Members in December , 1648; except 
iuch Perfons as were, the agth of May laft, Mem- 
bers of the Army ; but, on the Queftion, this was 
foon rejected. 

The laft Provifo offered this Day, was againft 
fuch as (hall not take the Oaths of Allegiance and 
Supremacy; to which Mr. Turner added, or fhall 
refufe them. A great Debate followed on this alfo, 
many Members fpeaking for and againft this Pro- 
vifo. The moft remarkable on each Side were 
thefe : Mr. Trevor, in Behalf of the Papifts, faid 
'Twas not fit to make an Oath the Price of a Par- 
don. Mr. Bamfield was for not impofing the Oaths 
ib rigoroufly ; for then, he faid, they would force 
Perfons, for faving their Lives and Eftates, to damn 
their Souls. Mr. Knight moved to leave out the 
Oath of Supremacy, and then none would ftick at 
the other. Mr. Holies moved to confider more of 
this Motion, and to be very tender in impofing 
Oaths ; afking, Whether this was intended to deftroy 
all Catholics, which it would infallibly do; that he 
was as much againft Papifts as any Man, but thought 
this Provifo was better laid afide. There were 


Of E N G L A N D. 371 

hiany Advocates for the Motion; on which Side An. 12. Car. it*- 
Sir William Morrice fpeaking, faid, There feemed l66 - 
to be fomething lay hid in the Oppofition to it: ' 'fV"""'' 
Which Words Mr. Holies took Exception at, be- Ju y * 
caufe he had fpoken againft' it. On the whole, this 
Provifo was laid afide, or rather rejected, without 
calling for the Queftion ; which probably is the 
Reafon that theie is no Entry made of it in the 

July 6. A Bill for the Settlement and Mainte- Debate on Reli- 
nance of the true Reformed Proteftant Religion, ands ion > 
for the Suppreflion of Popery, Superftition, Profane- 
iiefs, and other Diforders and Innovations, in Wor- 
ihip and Ceremonies, was this Day read a fecond 
Time. Several Members fpoke to have the Bill 
committed ; others went further, which was to call a 
National Synod at the fame Time; but this was the 
Prefbyterian Religion that was to be eftabliftied, not 
one Member fpeaking for the Epifcopal, excepting 
Mr. Throgmorton, who faid, He would not be for a 
Prefbyterian Government, becauie he had taken the 
Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy. He urged, 
That Buchanan and Knox had both wrote againft 
Kings, if they govern 'd not well, and faid, NoBifoop 9 
no King. But the Conclufion was, That the Bill 
fhould be referred to a Grand Committee of the 
whole Houfe, who were to fit every Monday on this 
fpecial Affair. 

The fame Day another warm Debate happened On the Bill of 
on a Provifo offered to the Bill of Indemnity, which indemnity again, 
was, To queftion any Attorney, or Sollicitor, that 
a6led for the Protector, or in any High Court of 
Juftice. This was fuft fpoken to by Mr. Prynne 9 
who was for queftioning them, and then to leave 
them to the Law for Recovery of Damages. This 
Motion was feconded by Sir Robert Brook ; but 
after him feveral Members fpoke againft this Pro- 
vifo to have it laid afule ; till Mr. Char/ton moved 
not to reject it, but to amend it ; and particularly 
moved againft one Mr. Ellis, who was Sollicitor at 
Dr. Hewitt's Trial. Col. Sbapcot fpoke againft 
A a 2 the 

372 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. the Provifo, and in Favour of the Sollicitor, and 
1660. faft^ j} r f ew jtt did not refer himfelf in Time to 

W * - Tj~ l ^ tlie Court ; for Sentence being once given, the 
Sollicitor told the Doctor the Court could not hear 
him then : To which Mr. Raynesford anfwered, 
in Behalf of the Sollicitor, That he never fat in 
Court but one Day, and never faid any fuch Word 
as was laid to his Charge. To which Mr. Grey ad- 
ded, That he heard Dr. Hewitt fay, If any Judge or 
Counfel would fay he ought to plead, he would 
have done it. At laft, the Queftion being put, 
Whether the Provifo fhould be laid afide, the 
Speaker gave it for the Ayes; but Sir Robert Brook 
ftood up and faid the Noes had it ; upon which the 
Houfe dividing, Sir Thomas Widdrington faid, There 
were two Gentlemen gone out. Several Motions, 
pro and con, enfued on this, to divide the Houfe not- 
withftanding ; and after that it took up half an 
Hour's Debate, Whether the Ayes or Noes fhould 
go out ; but the Speaker faying the Ayes fhould, 
although feveral old Members in the Houfe faid the 
contrary, their Numbers were 138 for the Provifo, 
and 163 againft it ; fo this alfo was laid afide. The 
Houfe or Commons were very merciful in all their 
Proceedings relating to the Bill of Indemnity, re- 
jeding feveral Provifoes the Day after this; and in- 
deed the culpable and inculpable were fo intermixed 
and woven with the Members themfelves, that it 
was hard to diftinguifh them. But now return we 
to the Lords a little. 

July 7. That Houfe feemstobe making Inquifi- 
tion for Blood, drawn from fome of their own Mem- 
bers, during the late Troubles ; for Alderman Finer 
was called before them, and ordered to produce the 
Warrants for the Execution of the Lord Capel, 
when he was Sheriff of London, under the Hands 
and Seals of the High Court of Juftice that con- 
demned him. It appearing to their Committtee of 
Privileges, that the Lord Capel was put to Death 
contrary to the Articles of War, for the Surrender 
cf Colchefler^ without any Authority from any legal 


Of E N G L A N D. 373 

Power. The faid Alderman delivered in two other Ar 
Warrants, under the Hands and Seals of thofe that 
fat in the High Court of Juftice, for the Execution 
of the Marquis of Hamilton and the Earl of Hol- 
land. On which the Lords made the following Or- 
der : 

6 Ordered, That all fuch Perfons as had appeared 
before the Committee of Privileges, and have con- 
fefled to have fet their Hands and Seals to thofe three 
Warrants for Execution, (hall be fent for to appear 
before this Houfe as Delinquents. 

The Lords heard a Caufe this Day, concerning 
two Officers of their own Houfe, Humphrey Leigh, 
Efq; Serjeant at Arms, attending the Lord-Chan- 
cellor, and Alexander Thayne, Gentleman-Uiher of 
the Black- Rod, attending the Houfeof Peers; where- 
in the Serjeant affirmed, That all Warrants of that 
Houfe ought to be directed to him for apprehending 
and bringing of Delinquents before the Lords in Par- 
liament, and for carrying them into fafe Cuftody. 
The Lords, after hearing Precedents, and a ferious 
Debate of this Matter, ordered and declared, That 
they would referve the Power to themfelves, to em- 
ploy fuch Perfons as they ihould think fit for fending 
for Delinquents, and keeping them in Cuftody as 
they fhould fee Caufe. A Place thought well worth 
ftruggling for, at that Time, by the two Opponents 

On an Information given to the Houfe, That Eli- 
zabeth Cromwell, Widow, and Richard Cromivell, 
Efq; ffc. had many Deeds, Evidences, and Writings 
in their Cuftody, belonging to the Lord Marquis of 
Worcefler-, an Order was made for their Refump- 
tion. But we only mention this to fhew how thofe 
Stars were fallen ; who, not a Twelvemonth before, 
Ihone the brighteft in the Englijb Hemifphere. 

'July 9. The Commons went on with their Bill of 

Indemnity, and the Bill for Confirmation of Judicial 

Proceedings ; the latter of which this Day pafled that 

Houfe, after a Debate of two Hours \ though the Di- 

A a 3 aty 

374 Tb* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13. Car. Il.arv does not give us the Particulars of it. The othef 
^'^ was now a '^ Cawing near a Conciufion; and, 
after all, the Mercy of the Commons was ihewn 
in it much greater than their Power, for there were 
only the following Perfons, thav were the lare King's 
Judges, and who did not furrender themfelves ac- 
cording to the Pioclamation, excepted for Life and 
iiftate in the B ; li, viz. Valentine It'auton, Edward 
Wholly Sir Michael Livefay, John Hugbfon, Wil- 
liam Gaffe, Mi Us Corbet, William Cawley, Nicholas 
Love, John Dixwell^ and Daniel Blagrave. 

In the Afternoon of this Day the Grand Com- 
mittee for Religion fat according to Order; the 
Debate on which, no where mentioned but in our 
Diary, we fhali give at large ; obferving, That now 
was the Cornell whether the Prefbytenan Church- 
Government, or the Church of England formerly 
eftabliihed, mould reign. A tender Point to treat of 
at that Time; and the Reader may find, that, in the 
Courfe of this Day's Debate, the Name of Bimop 
was fcarce ever mentioned by any of the Speakers 
in it. 

Sir Trevor l^i/Iiams firft opened the Debate, by 

y?DJte en Keli- ,- u n. ui n. j n r j - u 

si on r-fumed moving tor the eitabliined Keligion, according to the 
Thirty- nine Articles; which he faid was not only ac- 
cording to the Old and New Tefhment, but was as 
much ab all that own Chriftianity profefs. Several 
Members after him fpoke for and againft this Mo- 
tion ; as, Mr. Gower, Dr. Clayton, Col. King, Mr, 
Broderick, Mr. Stevens, and Mr. Tbrogmorton ; who 
faid, All Proteftant Churches did profefs according to 
the Scripture, and mov'd that theThirty-nine Articles 
ihould be inferted in the Bill. Lord Richardfon and 
Sir John Northcot, for the fame; Serjeant Hales faid 
he was for the Thirty-nine Articles; but thought it 
not fitting to join them with the Old and New Te- 
ftament, in the fame Paragraph, but in fome other. 
Mr. Broderlck again for the Articles ; faying, He had 
cftenconverfed withthofe of feveral Churches abroad, 
and that all prorelTeJ their Religions were according 
to the Scriptures ; and moved for a National Synod. 


Of E N G L A N D. 375 

Lord Falkland fyoke on the fame Side, and faid, It An. it. Car. II. 

was not fit to debate the whole Bill in that Houfe, l66o 

but to leave the Doctrinal Part to a Synod. And ^ -v- ^ 

Mr. Peckham was not for altering our Religion with- * y * 

out proper Judges of it, as by a Synod; and urged a 

Cafe in aTrial in Wcftminfter- Hall, where the Judges 

fent for a Falconer about a Hawk ; faying, Quilibet 

in Arte fua ; and therefore moved for a Synod in 

this Cafe, left, going further, they fhouid be like 

little Boys, who, learning to fwim, go out of their 

Reach and are drowned. 

Sir Heneage Finch, our Diary fays, fpoke moft ex- 
cellently concerning this SubjecT:, and faid, That not 
one Letter of the Bill made good the Title of it; 
that the Religion of our Church was not to feek, 
but we have enjoyed it long ; and therefore fhouid 
not now be inquiring for it. 

However, he moved this {hould be referred to 
an Aflembly of Divines, for which they ought to 
petition the King j for he knew no Law for altering 
the Government of the Church by Bifhops. And, 
laftly, as for Liberty for tender Confciences, he faid 
no Man knew what it was. 

Mr. Prynne fpoke very honeftly and paffionately, 
fays the Diary, in this Debate for the Paragraph in 
the Bill ; and concluded with faying, The Deter- 
mination of the Synod muft be confirmed by the 
King and Parliament. To whom Sir Heneage Finch 
again faid, That the Original of the Paragraph was 
from Cromwell, and he did hope they would not cant 
after him ; but that, if the Faith grounded upon 
Scripture, and the Difcipline according to the Laws, 
were put in the Paragraph, he then would give his 
Confent to it. 

Several more Members fpoke, pro and coil, in this 
Debate, till at laft it was moved to adjourn it to ano- 
ther Time, which was oppofed by others ; and the 
Committee fat an Hour in the Dark, before Candles 
were fuffered to be brought in, and then they were 
twice blown out ; but the third Time they were 
preferved, though with great Diforder ; till at lair, 
jadds our Authority, about Ten at Night it was 


376 The Parliamentary H i STORY 

An. ia. Car. II. voted, That the King fhould be defired to convene 
a felel Number of Divines to treat concerning that 
Affair, and the Committee not to fit again till the 
23d of Oftober next. 

The Poll Bill July 10. The next Day the Houfe of Commons 
debated. refumed the Affair of the Poll Bill, on which our 

Manufcript gives us the Subftance of another great 
Debate, and in which Religion, or Confcience, were 
again concerned. An Amendment was offered to 
the Bill, That all thofe Recufants that fliall refufe 
to take the Oath of Supremacy (hall pay double. To 
which Mr. Holies moved, that not only Catholics, 
but other Recufants alfo, as Fanatics. This Motion 
was oppofed by Mr. Anneftey, Mr. Knigbtley, Mr. 
Bacon, and fome others, who were for laying it on 
Papifts only ; but Air. Holles's, Motion being followed 
by Mr. Chafe, Sir Roger Brad/haw, Sir Walter 
Erie, and Mr. Knight* who faid it was the beft 
Way to know the King's Friends from his Enemies ; 
and Sir John Northcot, alfo on the fame Side, faying, 
It was beft to lay it on both Papifts and Fanatics 
together ; for he did think he could prove, That 
one of thofe Perfons, who fat upon the King's Death, 
was a Papiftin Orders, having made fome Progrefs 
in that Difcovery already. The Claufe was taken and 
ordered to be Part of the Bill ; and all from eighteen 
Years were to take the Oaths, or pay double. 

The Bill of In- J u fy * r - This Day the long-expe&ed Bill of In- 
demnity pafs'd demnity paffed the Houfe of Commons ; it was in- 
the Home of t j tu ] e d An Att of free and general Pardon, Indem- 
Commons, _/-!'* j i i i /- 

nity, and Oblivion ; and was ordered to be fent 

up to the Lords by Mr. Annejley and Sir William 

There had been another Bill of great Confe- 
quence brought into that Houfe, and read once, 
called, A Bill of Sales. This was to confider the 
Cafes of thofe who had been Purchafers of the 
King's, Queen's, and Church's Lands, during the 
late Times of Plunder and Devaftation. And this 
Day the faid Bill coming to be read a fecond Time, 


Of E N G L A N D. 377 

a Debate arofe, of which our Diary gives us this An. i*. Car. II, 
Abftrad : 1660. 

It was opened by Col. Jones, who moved the v -v * 
Houfe againft thofe who had bought the King's J uly * 
Lands and Woods, as alfo of Deans and Chapters ; n , , 

i\/r i 11 u / L j ., Debate on the 

to examine what Money the Puichafers had pa!d } Bai ot Sa les. 
0<2 jp/dfe, for them ; but to coniider the Soldiers 
under General Monke at the fame Time. A Peti- 
tion from the Purchafers of St. James's, and St. 
Martin's in the Fields, being offered to the Houfe 
by Sir Anthony Irby, Col. Shapcot oppofed the Read- 
ing of it there j but moved for a Committee to re- 
ceive Petitions. Mr. Palmer fpoke very high and 
excellently, fays our Authority, againft the whole 
Bill ; and moved that the King's Lands, as well as 
thofe of others, fhould be reitored to them impli- 
citly. Sir Thomas Wroth feconded this laft Motion, 
and faid, That, as to his own Cafe, whatever he had 
bought he did freely give back again, though he had 
paid eighteen Years Purchafe for them. Sir Heneage 
Finch and Mr. Knightley fpoke to have the Bill com- 
mitted. Mr. Prynne, very warmly, That no Com- 
penfation mould be made to thofe who had bought 
the King's Lands ; that it was againft their Oaths 
to fuffer it, except to thofe who were antient Te- 
nants, who had bought the fame in order to pre- 
ferve themfelves and Titles ; and, in that Cafe, to 
petition the King : Alfo to confider thofe who had 
purchafed Land in and about Weftminfter, which' 
then was worth nought j but, having now buiit fair 
Houfes upon them, the Rents amount to a con- 
fiderable Value, and will be ib for the future. Mr. 
Goodrich fpoke alfo for the old Tenants that were 
forced to buy or be turned out, and to commit the 
Bill. Mr. Barton and Mr. Gewen for a Commit- 
ment alfo ; but the former was not for confirming 
any Sale to thofe who fat after 1648, or High Court 
of Juftice Men : The latter urged, That it was the 
King's Intereft to have the Bill committed. Whe- 
ther it was that tins laft Aflertion ftirr'd up the Zeal 
of another Member, one Mr. Calmady, or from fome 
other Caufe, but he moved to have the Bill caft out; 


378 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. H. or elfe, if they would commit it, to commit it to the 
Neceffary-Houfe above. Which Motion, as it 
might properly enough be called, Mr. Annejley re- 
buked, as unbefitting fuch an Aflembly. 

The Debate ftill continuing, Mr. Stevens argued 
againft the Bill, faying, That they ought not to 
encourage Evil-doers ; but, inftead of confirming 
Eftates, to punifti the Purchafers : He moved alfo 
for an Act of Refumption, wherein they were to be 
left to the King's Mercy ; but was for committing 
the Bill. After him Col. Weft fpoke for the Bill ; 
but to allow the Purchafers very indifferent Terms. 
Mr. Knight againft it; faying, He could not in Con- 
fcience confent to it, as he fhould anfwer at the Day 
of Judgment. Sir Anthony Cope would have all 
Perfons in the Houfe to imitate Sir Thomas Wroth ^ 
and reftore their purchafed Lands ; which, he faid, 
would be a good Example to others without. Mr. 
Lowther againft the Bill ; faying, The old Proverb 
was, That he that eats the King's Goofe Jhould be 
choaked with the Feathers ; and that he was againft 
the Bill by reafon of his Oath. Sir Thomas Meeres 
clefired the Houfe not to have a greater Care of the 
King than they had of the Church ; and faid, The 
Purchafers had already paid themfelves; and moved 
for Refumption and a Grand Committee. Mr. 
Thomas againft much of the Bill ; and added Deci- 
mators and High Court of Juftice Men to be ex- 
cepted out of it ; but to commit the Bill. Several 
more Members, as, Col. King^ Sir Richard Temple y 
and Mr. Street^ were alfo for committing of it ; the 
laft to have all Major-Generals and Rumpers ex- 
cepted out of the Bill : Not one Member fpeaking 
directly in Defence of it, except Sir Thomas Wid- 
drington, who might be a Perfon deeply interefted in 
its Confequences. 

The Debate drawing near a Conclufion, Lord 
Falkland moved the Houfe in Behalf of the Queen, 
and to refer her Cafe to a Committee. This was 
feconded by Mr. Montagu and the Lord Bruce. 
Sir George Ryves fpoke alfo in Behalf of the Queen, 
and againft the Purchafers ; and faid, It was not fit 

Of E N G L A N D. 379 

the French, who all this while durft not demand the An. i. Car. II, 
Queen's Jointure, ihould now be differed to do it j l6f ' - 
but that they ihould prevent them, and give her it ^ ^~ 
themfelves. Upon the whole it was o;dered, That 
all the King's and Queen's Lands, Rents and Pro- 
fits, be left out of the BiJI ; and to be referred to a 
Grand Committee of the whole Houfe, which was 
to fit the next Day in the Afternoon, upon the Cafes 
of the feveral Purchafeis concerned in this Bill. Our 
Diary mentions the next Sitting ; and that, after 
another long Debate, the Queilion was carried, 
That Petitions fhould be read before the Body 
of the Bill was ; but mentions no more Particulars 
about it at this Time. 

The Commons had now no very material Bufi- 
refs before them for fome Time : On the i4th In- 
ftant the Poll Bill was pafled, and lent up to the 
Lords by Sir Heneage Finch. There had been feveral 
Motions made, pro and con, on this Bill, Whether 
the Irijh and Scots Peers fhould pay, upon their 
Honours, equal with the Englljb : But it was voted 
to pafs as it was. 

Another Bill, For granting theKingTonnageand 
Poundage, had been before them fome Time ; and 
the feveral old Rates, on which this Tax had been 
formerly raifed, carefully examined. Several falfe 
Returns for Elections regulated. A Breach of Pri- 
vilege from the Houfe of Lords complained of, in 
the Cafe of Alderman Tichborne, who had been 
committed by the Commons, and after fent for to 
the Lords, and committed by them ; and when he 
was demanded back by the Serjeant, the Ufher of 
the Black Rod refufed to deliver him. On Sir John 
Northcot's faying, That the Privileges of the Houfe 
were too much invaded by the Lords, it was order- 
ed that he be fent for again by the Serjeant of that 
Houfe. Laftly, another Order was made to take 
off the Guards of Soldiers, who had for fome Years 
attended the Houfe, and that the Lord-General be 
delired to withdraw them accordingly. 

380 <T/Je Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ii. Car. II. But now return we back to the Proceedings of 
1660. t he other Houfe. On the nth Inftant the Lords 
*" - "T^ ~* received from the Commons two Bills, viz. For a 
* y * general Pardon, Oblivion, and Indemnity, and For 
Confirmation of all judicial Proceedings. On the 
former the Lords made an Order, That the daily 
Proceedings of the Trial of the late King, by the 
High Court of Juftice, in what Court foever inrol- 
Jed, (hould be brought into that Houfe. And the 
Lords being informed, the fame Day, that thofe 
Proceedings were inrolled in every Court, the Houfe 
made another Order for the Officers of the King's 
Bench, That, after Sight thereof, they do fpeedily 
fend a Copy of thofe Proceedings to the Clerk of 
that Houfe. The next Day the Bill of Indemnity 
was read a firft Time by the Lords. 

A Letter from Ireland, concerning the Behaviour 
of Col. Axtell) at the Execution of the late King, 
was this Day read in the Houfe of Lords, in bcec 

May it pleafe your Lordjbips, 

Letter from Ire- T Have thought it fit to communicate unto your 

land, concerning c J^ Lordfhips, in order to a due Execution of Ju- 

c. xtt . < ftice, in a Matter concerning Col. Axtell; who 

' would (as I humbly conceive) have been brought 

* under a more fevere Condemnation, than what the 

* News out of England report, had his Deportment 

* been as well known unto others as unto me, con- 

* cerning his late Majefty, when he was brought be- 

* fore the pretended High Court of Juftice ; for I 
' (then having the Honour to attend his Majefty, 

* as being one of his menial Servants) heard thefaid 

* Col. Axtell advife and earneftly incite the Soldiers 

* then in Wejlminfter-Hail, in a barbarous Manner, 
to cry out for Juftice (as he termed it) againft his 
c faid Majefty. And on the Day when that pre- 

* tended Court pronounced Sentence againft his then 
' Majefty, I heard him then fay to his Soldiers, 

* Cry out for Execution j which they did accord- 

<in ^ 'What 

Of E N G L A,N D, 381 

e What I have now written I am ready to aver An. iz. Car. ir. 
c upon Oath, whenfoever I (hall be brpught to teftify l66o< 
againft him ; which I fhould have fooner made ^'Tp*^ 

* known unto your Lordmips, had I not been kept ^ u y 

* m this Place by my bodily Infirmities, and had I 

* not been perfuaded that the fame had been more 
publickly taken Notice of than now it feems to be. 

* Having nothing at prefent tooccafion or juftify the 
' longer Continuance of thefe Lines, I fhall take 

* Leave to conclude myfelf, 

Right Honourable^ 
Kilkenny, ? Yeur Lordlbips mo ft bumble Servant, 

June 30, 1660. 5 


An Order was made to fecure the Perfon of the 
faid Daniel Axtell, and to bring him to the Bar of 
that Houfe. 

July 13. This Day the Lord-Chancellor inform'^ General Mmke 
the Houfe, That his Majefty had conferred the Ho- c ke ' 
nourand Title of Duke of Albemarle on the Lord- 
General Monks ; whereupon the Houfe ordered, 
That he (hould be introduced between the Duke 
of Buckingham and the Marquis of IVincbefter, the 
Lord Great-Chamberlain, without Robes, Garter 
King at Arms going before him. Being thus 
brought in, he delivered his Patent, on his Knees, 
to the Lord -Chancellor, who delivering the fame 
to the Clerk of Parliament, it was publickly read ; 
after which Garter King at Arms delivered back the 
Patent to the Lord-General Monke; who, by this 
Grant from his Majefty, was created Baro de Po- 
theridggy Beauchamp et Teys, Comes Torrington^ 
ft Dux Albemarlix. The Ceremony aforefaid be- 
ing ended, the Duke was placed, by Garter, between 
the Duke of Buckingham and the Marquis of Win- 
cbefter. The Lords ordered alfo, That the Lord 
Great-Chamberlain and the Lord Berkley fhould 
wait upon his Majefty to give him Thanks, from 
thzit Houfe, for the Honour he had been plcafed to 


382 We Parliamentary HI 

An, 12. Car. II. confer on the Duke of Afremarlc j and that he be 
1660. ndcted to the Committee of Privileges. 

July> July 16. The Cafe of the Lord ; Vifcount Purltck, 

mentioned before in the Tranfa&ions of this Houfe, 
iord PurleciCs came to be confidered of; when the Attorney-Ge- 
. nejalj on an Q r j er made for that p urpo f ej delivered 

: in to the Houfe the following Paper : 

' Tlie Attorney- General reports, in purfuance of 
the Order of your Lordfhips, dated the 26th Day 
of June, 1660, whereby we are required to ftate the 
Cafe of the Lord Vifcount Purbeck, concerning 
Precedents of the Surrender .of Dignities to the 
Crowns We find that the faid Vifcount Purbeck hath 
petitioned his Majefty to accept of a Surrender of 
the Honour of Baron of Stoke and Vifcount Purbeck, 
and of the pretended Title to him in Remainder of 
the Honour of Baron Whaddon of IVhaddon, Vi(- 
count Villars, and Earl of Buckingham; which his 
Majefty was gracioufly pleafed. to accept of, and 
referred it to one of us, and his Attorney-General, 
to take Care that a Fine or fome other Conveyance 
be made thereof. 

* And we find the Precedents for furrendering of 
Honours to the King to be as followeth : 

1. Roger Bigot, the laft Earl of Norfolk, and 
Marfhal of England of that Family, refigned his 
Office, Honour, and Eftate unto King Edward I. 
conditionally, to be reftored to him if h had Iflue. 

2. * William Herbert, Ez\\ of Ptmbroke, 19. Ed* 
ward IV. refigned that Earldom, 

?. ' Charles Brandon, Vifcount Lijle, furrender'd 
that Honour to Henry VIII. 

4. Roger Stafford, Efq; 15. Car. levied a Fine 
to the King of the Honour, State, Degree, Dignity, 
and Name of the Barony of Stafford > which the 
King accepted of. 

5. ' Sir Edward Tyrrell, Bart. 14.. Car. levied a 
Fine unto the King, of the State, Degree, Tide, 
and Name of a Baronet j which the King accepted 


Of E N G L A N D. 383 

c Befides we are informed there are many moreAn.ia.Car.n. 
Precedents of the like Nature. l66o 

And the faid Vifcount Purbeck hath produced ^ ~vp- / 
unto us the Opinion of the feveral learned Counfel, J u y * 
that he may legally furrender his faid pretended Dig- 
nities to his Majefty ; and we are alfo of the fame 
Opinion, that he may legally do it with his Maje- 
fty's Confent, without the Confent of any other 
Perfon whatfoever. 




* We find alfo thefe Informations to be in thefe 
Words : Informed by the Earl of Monmouth, That 
' rather than the late King mould want oae to cut 
' off his Head, the Lord Vifcount Purbeck would do 
it himfelf.' 

The Earl of Oxford: That the Lord Vif- 

* count Purbeck faid he had rather warn his Hands 

* in the King's Blood, than in the Blood of any Dog 

* in England.' 

' That, at the pretended High Court of Juftice, 
the Lord Purbeck faid to this Effeft : That Brad' 
' Jbaw was a gallant Man, the Preferver of our Li- 
' berties ; and that he, the Lord Purbeck^ hoped 
' that Bradjhaw would do Juftice upon that Tyrant, 
' fpeaking of the King.' 

' Mr. Danvers, in Richard 's Convention, the 
I2th of February , 1658, fpoke thus, ftandtng near 
the Speaker's Right Hand : 

' Mr. Speaker, I wonder that I mould be accufed 
of being a Cavalier, or bearing Arms for Charles 
Stuart , which I never did ; for I proteft I fo much 
hated him and his Caufe, that, becaufe thofe of the 
Name of Pillars did all fide with him and affift 
him, therefore I hated that Name alfo, and 
changed it for Danvers' 

Monday , Dec. 17, 1649. Memorandum. * That, 
the Day and Year above-written, young Robert 
Pillars^ Son to Vifcount Purbeck^ came in the Af- 
ternoon to the Earl of Monmoutb's Houfe, being 


384 *Tbe Parliamentary His TOR v 

An. 12. Car. II. then in ghteen-ftreet^ London ; and, amongft many 
1660. t ot h er atheiftical Speeches, wherein he denied the 
^**7)l ^ * Immortality of the Soul, &c. as given at p. 362 ; 
but is too profane for Repetition. 

* This is the Information of John Harris : All 
which Words, Matters, and Things the faid Vif- 
count Purbeck utterly denies. 


Before the Lords had begun to debate the Aft of 
Indemnity, in which the Commons had made fuch 
a Work, in relation to the Sale of the King's and 
Queen's Lands, &c. their Lordfhips thought fit, 
this Day, to make the following Orders, which, 
for Brevity's Sake, we put in one : 

* Ordered, by the Lords in Parliament aflembled, 
That the King's and Queen's Majefties fhould be, 
and was thereby, reftored to the PofTeflion of all his 
and her Honours, Jointure, Manors, Lands, Rents, 
and Hereditaments, notwithftanding any Sales, Alie- 
nations, or Difpofnions made by any pretended 
Authorities whatfoever. 

July ij. The AS: of Indemnity was read a fecond 
Time in the Houfe of Lords, and ordered to be re- 
ferred to a Committee of the whole Houfe, to be 
proceeded in on the 2Oth, the firft Bufmefs ; and 
that no new private Bufmefs, or Petitions, (hall be 
brought into this Houfe untill the public Bufmefs, 
now depending, {hall be difpatched, except fuch 
Bufmefs as fhali concern the public Bills, to be pro- 
moted by any private Perfons, by Way of Provisoes, 
or otb^: vvife. 

The Lords alfo made a general Order, in rela- 
tion to the Earl of Derby, whofe Father's Murderers, 
at a Court- Martial, were all in Cuftody, That his 
and feveral other Lords Lands which have been 
fold, without their Ccnfent, (hall be repoffeffed by 
them without anv Moleftation. 


Of. E N G L A N D. 385 

July 2O. This was the Day appointed for the An. 12. Car. II. 
Lords to take into Confideration the Bill of Indem- j66 f 
nity; and, accordingly, the fame was begun by a ' r{~"~"' 
Committee of the whole Houfe ; but before we give * y 
the Refult of thofe Confultations, it will be necei- 
fary to look into the Proceedings of the Commons, 
in order to carry on a better Connection between 
the two Houfes. 

We have already given, from our Manufcript Dia- 
ry, the Subftance of a Debate on Religion, by a Com- 
mittee of the Commons appointed for that Purpofe. 
The fame Authority gives us another, which hap- 
pened on the i6th Inftant, in the Afternoon; where- 
in the Reader will find a nearer and clofer Combat 
between Martin the Bifhop and "Jack Prejbyter, 
as Dr. Swift humoroufly ftiles our nrft Reformers, 
than in what has before been recited. 

Sir John Northcot began the Debate, by fpeaking A long Debate 
very highly againft Deans and Chapters; but fpared on Reii s'" jn - 
the Bifhops, faying, The former did nothing but 
eat and drink and rife up to play^ or fomething worfe : 
Upon which Mr. flood up and reproved 

him ; but he was juftified by Sir Walter Erie, Mr. 
Prynne fpoke next, and faid, He could not be for 
Bifhops, unlefs they would derive their Power from 
the King, and not vaunt themfelves to be 'Jure Di- 
i)ino. Mr. Ifalpole was for putting the Queffion, 
Which was the Proteftant Faith, according to the 
Scriptures and the Government of the Church, and 
according to Law. Mr. Knightley was for the Clergy, 
in general, faying, The Faults of private Perfons 
ought not to make the Function criminal. Sir Tho- 
mas Widdrington faid, The Queftion, as it was, 
was not tor a Committee, or even a Parliament; but 
moved to make two Queftions of it. Mr. Grove^ 
on the fame Side alfo, faid, The Queftion was 
complicated, and defired that the firft Part of the 
Queftion might be put; adding, That the King 
was then confulting with Divines about the Difci- 
pline of the Church. To which Dr. Clayton laid, 
That Difcipline was as neceflary with Dodtrine, as 

VOL. XXII. B b Life 

386 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. n. Car. II. Lif e in a natural Body. Mr. Stevens faid, The firft 
1660. p art Q f the Qu e fti on they fhould all agree in ; but, 
for the fecond, not to anticipate the King, who was, 
at that Time, confulting about it. Several Mem- 
bers, as Lord Falkland^ Mr. Thomas , Sjr Thomas 
Meeres, Sir John Ma/ham, Mr. Winfield^ Mr. P*/- 
aier, Mr. Broderick, and Mr. Howard^ argued for 
the whole Queftion ; which laft Gentleman, par- 
ticularly, faid, That as Monarchy had been fo 
long interrupted by Rebellion and Faction, fo had 
Epifcopacy by Schifm and Herefy ; and that no one 
that fpoke againft Epifcopacy offered any Thing- 

Other Members were for dividing the Queftion ; 
as, Sir Thomas Widdrington and Sir John Northcot 
again, who faid, He was for Bifhops, but not their 
Appendants. Mr. Toung was for dividing, and not 
to mix the Doctrine and Difcipline together ; yet, 
he faid, he was for Epifcopacy, though he did not 
think it an Article of Faith : And urged the King's 
Declaration for tender Confciences formerly, and 
his prefent Endeavours for fettling of Peace amongft 
all People, Sir John Temple argued for a Divifion 
of the Queflion, faying, The former Difcipline was 
the Occafion of their former Troubles ; and moved 
for a Synod. Col. King faid, That no Man could 
tell what the Difcipline according to Law was ; and 
therefore moved to divide the Queftion. Mr. Throg- 
morton fpoke highly for Bifhops, faying, That, ex- 
cept Scotland, there was fcarce any Reformed Church 
but what had Bifhops. Mr. Bunckley faid, He 
thought a moderate Epifcopacy might take in the 
Good of both Parties ; and urged the King's prefent 
Inclinations and Endeavours for it : That Epifco- 
pacy, in its Extent, was more boundlefs than Mo- 
narchy ; adding, That fome of the Bifhops gloried 
. in putting down all Lectures in a Country, and it 
was a Fault to preach twice a Day ; but concluded, 
That Government by Epifcopacy, if circumfcribed, 
was to be wiflied ; and moved to divide the Que- 
ftion. Some other Members, as Mr. Swmfen, Mr. 

Of E N G L A N D. 387 

Gott, and Mr. Prynne, fpoke on the fame Side j but An, i. Car. II. 
no further Remarks were made on them. 

On the other Hand, the Debate ftill continuing, 
fome Members more argued for putting the whole 
Queftion, as Sir Heneage Finch, who faid, The firft 
Fart was not to be put fmgly, after one hundred and 
forty Years Practice. Mr. Thurland and Mr. 
Knight were for the fame. Sir John Talbot faid 
Thofe that formerly defired to haften the Settlement 
of Religion, now ftrove to obftrucl the Queftion. 
Sir Heneage Finch, again, to put the Queftion, Whe- 
ther the main Queftion fhould be put or not. 

Various Opinions now ftarted in this Debate : Sir 
Gilbert Gerrard faid, He could not give his Vote 
for the Queftion, untill he knew whether it was 
againft the Covenant. This was feconded by Colo- 
nel Shapcot, who argued, That many Things in the 
Liturgy might be amended ; and hoped that Men 
would not be impoiing on other's Confciences : That 
he was not againft Bifhops, but their Power ; and 
moved to divide the Queftion. Sir Thomas Wbar- 
ton faid, He was in his Judgment Epifcopal ; bat 
moved the Queftion might not be put at prefent, 
becaufe the King was in Confultation about it. Mr. 
Bunckley, again, was now for laying the whole Que- 
ftion alide ; becaufe, he faid, If it was put amj 
carried, all Minifters made fmce 1648 would be 
abolifhed. Sir John Northcot again moved in 
Behalf of the Miniftry, and faid, Many of thofe 
who were ordained by Prefbyters, were aclive io 
bringing in the King. S'u.Anthony djhley Cooper faid, 
Our Religion was too much mix'd with Intereft j 
neither was it ripe enough now to handle that Sub- 
ject ; and moved that this Debate be now laid afide, 
and the whole Committee adjourned for three 
Months. This laft Motion was followed by Sir 
John Evelyn, Sir Anthony Irby, ^Ar.Broderick, Sir Ed- 
mund Jennings, Sir Trevor Williams, Mr. Chafe, 
Mr. Bofcawen, Mr. Holies, and Sir Heneage Finch ; 
and, after feven Hours Debate, about Ten at Night, 
it was at laft agreed to refer the Matter to the King, 
and to fuch Divines as he ihould pleafe to chufe , 
B b a and, 

388 'The Parliamentary Hi STORY 

An. la. Car.ll. an d { O adjourn this Committee to the 23d of Oc- 

*1^1 ] , tober next : Which Refolution of the Committee 

j u]Vt being reported by their Chairman, Mr. Charltan, 

to the whole Houfe, it was confirmed by a general 

Vote thereof. 

The fame Day, July 20, the Lords, according 
to Order, adjourned themfelves into a Committee, 
to confider of the Bill of Indemnity j and, after fome 
Time, the Houfe was refumed, but no Report made 
of their Proceedings therein as yet. 

At the fame Time the Lords received a quick- 
ening Meflage from the Commons, to haften the 
Difpatch of that Bill ; and another for Confirmation 
of Judicial Proceedings : Alledging thefe two Rea- 
fons for it, That, unlefs the latter Bill be patted, 
there can be no Aflizes kept, though they are ap- 
pointed ; and, unlefs the former be the fame, the 
Animofities of the People will be increafed, and 
thereby the Peace of the Kingdom greatly difturbed. 

On the Receipt of this Meffage the Lords went 
again into a Committee on the Bill of Indemnity ; 
and the Houfe being refumed, the Lord Roberts re- 
ported the Opinion of the Committee was, That 
all thofe Perfons who gave Sentence of Death upon 
the late King, or figned the Warrant for his Mur- 
der, fhall be excepted out of the Bill of Indemnity : 
And, that to know who thofe Perfons are, the ori- 
ginal Evidences fhall be defired from the Houfe of 
Commons for their Lordfhips Information : Which 
Opinion the Houfe confirmed, and ordered a Mef- 
fage to be fent accordingly. 

In the Debate, this Day, on the Bill before- 
mentioned, we meet with a Speech in our Collec- 
tion, faid, in the Title Page, to be made by the Earl 
of Brifto'I) on the Occafion, which we here infert 
without any Comment. * 

My Lords^ 
TheEarlof-e T)Eing to fpeak; unto your Lordfhips fomewhat 

fhe BUlTnS O more jextenctedly .than what is my Ufe, and 
if-nsiity. upon a Subject, wherein there may be, perhaps, not 


* Lina'in, printed in the Year 1660, 

Of ENGLAND. 389 

only Difference, but even Fervour of Opinions, I An. iz. cr. if. 

find myfelf obliged, by fomewhat that happened to 1660. 

me here the other Day, to beg a Favour of your V- ""Tf"""' 

Lordfhips, that, if I fliould chance to err in Forms Ju y 

and Orders of the Houfe, or that there mould flip 

from me, unawares, any Expreffion that may be dif- 

fonant to the Ears of thofe who underftand better 

than I the Force and Propriety of Words, you will 

not be fevere unto me ; but be pleafed to confider, 

That I have been fixteen Years out of my Country, 

and in a Profeffion far different from what I am 

now a-doing : In Confidence of this Indulgence I 

fhall proceed. 

' My Lords, You have here before you, in this 
Bill of Indemnity, the moft important Bufmefs that, 
perhaps, the Houfe of Peers hath at any Time had 
in Deliberation ; it is that upon which the Ho- 
nour or eternal Reproach of the Nation abroad, 
and its Happinefs or Confufion at home, feems (next 
under God's infcrutable Providence) moft princi- 
pally to depend : For, on the one Side, how abhorred 
a Nation muft we be to all others, if the Infamy of 
our Sovereign's Murder mould not be thoroughly 
warned away, by Juftice, in the Blood of the Guilty? 
And, on the other, what Happinefs or Quiet can 
we hope for at home ; nay, what new Combu- 
ftions ought we not to apprehend, if the Criminal 
and the Milled, (between whom the Eye of the Law 
can make little Diftin6tion) making up fo nume- 
rous a Part of the Nation, their Fears, which might 
urge them to new Crimes, mould not be fecured, 
by the firmeft AfTurances of Impunity? Punifhing 
and Securing are, certainly, the two principal Ends 
of this Bill ; and wherein, as certainly, every one 
of your Lordfhip doth concur ; but whether the 
Means of attaining thofe Ends have been fufHciently 
lighted upon by the Houfe of Commons, in this 
Bill, That, I fuppofe, is the prefent QuefHon ; and 
wherein I think myfelf in Duty obliged to exprefs 
unto your Lordfhips, with Freedom and Sincerity, 
my Judgment, in all humble Submiffion unto yours, 
B b 3 l As 

390 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. * As for that Part of the Bill which relates to our 
Sovereign's Murder, I find it fo fhort, and fo much 
out of the Way of what we owe, both to the Se- 
verity and Solemnity of that Revenge, that I can- 
not but think it, in fome Sort, (pardon the Expref- 
fion) a Profanation of the due Rights of thatfacred 
Expiation, to handle it in the fame Bill, promifcu- 
oufly, with other more vulgar Things. 

' My Motion therefore (hall be, That there be 
forthwith a Committee appointed, to confider of all 
Things fit to be done, for the wafhing away of that 
Stain from the Nation, and from the Age wherein 
we live ; and to draw up an Act purpofely and folely 
for that End. In Confidence that this Motion will 
either be embraced by your Lordfhips, or that, if it 
be oppofed, I {hall have the Liberty to fortify it by 
my Reafons, I fhall fet that Bufinefs apart, and ap- 
ply my Difcourfe to what concerns this Bill, in all 
other Relations } in which I fhall not make nice to 
tell your Lordfhips, that I think it defective in many 
Things reafonable, and redundant in fome Things 
unreasonable ; and yet, notwithftanding, not only 
jny humble Motion, but my moft earneft Preflure, 
as far as with Humility I may, fhall be, That we 
may proceed immediately to the paffing of this Bill, 
with little or no Alteration. 

' This, my Lords, may appear a furprizing Mo- 
tion from a Perfon thought to be, as indeed I am, 
as much inflamed as any Man living with Indigna- 
tion at the deteftable Proceedings of the late ufurped 
Power, fo pernicious to the Public, and fo inju- 
rious to my own Particular ; in whom the Motion 
may feem yet more furprizing, when I fhall have 
told you, with Truth, that I am irreparably ruined 
in my Fortune for my Loyalty, if this Bill of In- 
demnity, to others for their Diflo^alty, fhould pafs 
as it is here offered unto your Lordfhips : But the 
Ground I go upon is this received Maxim, as to 
all public Sanctions, Better a Mifchief than an In- 
convenience ; yea, Better innumerable Mifchiefs 
to particular Perfons and Families, than one heavy 
Inconvenience to the Public. 


Of E N G L A N D. 391 

* My Lords, I profefs unto you I find myfelf fet on An - 12 - Car - ** 
Fire, when I think that the Blood of fo many virtuous 

and meritorious Peers, and Perfons, and others of all """"X~ 
Ranks, To cruelly and impioufly fhed, {hould cry fo 
Joud for Vengeance, and not find it from us. 

' That many of the wickedeft and meaneft of the 
People fliould remain, as it were, rewarded for their 
Treafons, rich and triumphant in the Spoils of the 
moft eminent in Virtue and Loyalty, of all the 
Nobility and Gentry of the Kingdom. 

' What generous Spirit can make Reflection on 
thefe Things, and not find his Heart burn into Rage 
within him ? 

* Here it is, my Lords, that we Sufferers have 
Need of all our Philofophy. 

' But when I confider that thefe are Mifchiefs 
only to the Sufferers, and that, to infift upon a Re- 
medy, might perhaps expofe the Public to an irrepa- 
fable Inconvenience, I thank God I find, in an In- 
ftant, all my Refentments calmed and fubmitted 
to my primary Duty. 

4 My Lords, We have here in our View a King- 
dom tofled, and rolling ftill with the Effects of 
paft Tempefts ; and though, God be thanked, the 
Storm be miraculoufly ceafed, we cannot fay that 
the Danger is, untill we get into ftill Water : That 
ftill, that fmooth Water is only to be found in the 
Generality's Security from their guilty Fears, and in 
the two Houfes' Union between themfelves, and with 
their Sovereign. 

Whether the latter may not be endangered, if we 
fhould enter into Controverfy upon the Particulars 
of this Bill, I leave unto your Lordfhips to judge. 

But, certainly, as to the former, there can be 
110 Hopes of railing Monies, or difbanding Armies, 
or of fettling that Happinefs and Tranquility which 
we all figh for, of being governed under our graci- 
ous Sovereign by the antient and known Laws of 
the Land, whilft univerfal Fears lhall fubfift by the 
Delay in pafling this Bill. 

' My Lords, I lhall fum up unto your Lordfliips 
my whole Drift in a few Words. 

392 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car. II. * I think that, in this Bill, there are many Things 
wanting, which folid and important Reafons would 

^"""T)J~ ^ J requireto be added, and many Things inferted into 
it, which Juftice to his Majefty's Intereft, and to 
particular Perlbns, would require to be omitted, or 
rectified : But, I conceive, at the fame Time, that 
the Mifchiefs of the Delay in paffing it, do far out- 
weigh all the Advantages of improving it. 

' My Lords, I (hall conclude my Difcourfe, and 
your Loidfhips Trouble, with the Application, to 
this Purpofe, of a memorable Saying of that illuftri- 
ous Minifter, the Cardinal Mazarine, at a Council in 
the Wars of France^ whereunto I had the Honour 
to be called. It was, That in the great Affairs of 
the World, he had not known any Thing do more 
Hurt than thefe two Words, Faifons Mieux, let us 
do better : For, faid he, whilft good Wits endea- 
vour, by Debates, to bring good Councils to a greater 
Perfection, they do, for the moft Part, lofe the 
Opportunity of timing Things rightly ; which, in 
great Actions, ik of far more Importance than the 
Preference, according to refined Reafon, betwixt 
Good and Better. 

' Upon this Ground, my Conclufion is, That 
that Part which concerns the King's Death, being 
put in the Way propofed, we fhould proceed to the 
fpeedy palling of this Bill, without lofing any Time 
in Emendations ; but, if we be deftined to fo fatal a 
Lois, by raveling into Particulars, I {hall, in that 
Cafe, defire Leave to offer unto your Lordfhips 
therein my Reflections alfo.' 

'July 21. The Commons fent up Mr. Holies to 
the Lords, with the Instrument for proclaiming the 
High Court of Judice for judging the late King, 
together with a Journal of their Proceedings ; but 
that the Houfe of Commons defire that, when 
their Lordihips have made Ufe of them, they may 
be returned to them ar^ain, havingOccafion for them. 
That as to the Warrant for Execution, it was fent 
to Col. Hacker, who is now a Prifoner in the Tower. 

The fame Day the Lords read and patted the 


Of E N G L A N D. 393 

Poll Bill, intituled, An Att fir the fpcedy 
of Money, fsr dijlanding and paying off the Forces l66 * 
of this Kingdom, both by Sea and Land ; with this v """ *j^~*"^ 
Alteration, to leave out the Claufe for Recufants y * 

being double taxed. 

July 23. The Lords made an Order, That the 
Lieutenant of the Tower fhould examine Colonel 
Hacker^ touching the original Warrant for Execu- 
tion of the late King, who foon after came down to 
the Houfe, and acquainted their Lordfhips, That he 
had examined the Colonel, and that he confeffed he 
had the Warrant at his Houfe in the Country, and 
that he believes it agrees with what was printed. 
But his Wife and Family being in Town, he could 
not get it, without fending her down to fetch it. 
Hereupon the Lords ordered, That the Wife fhould 
go into the Country to fetch the Warrant, and that 
the Gentleman-Ufher of that Houfe .fhould fend a 
Man with her for that Purpofe. 

The Lieutenant of the Tower alfo acquainted the 
Lords, That he had afked Col. Hacker if he knew 
the Perfon that executed the late King, and he told 
him he heard it was a Major, but did not know his 
Name ; but he would endeavour to find it out. 

The Lords ordered Lifts to be made out from 
the Journal that came from the Houfe of Com- 
mons, of all thofe Perfons concerned in the Murder 
of the late King, which were read as follows : 

The Names of thofe Perfons who fat when the 
pretended Court of Juftice gave Sentence of Death 
upon the late King. 

JohnBradfoawe, Serjeant Thomas Pride. A Lift of the 

at Law, Prefulent. Ifaac Ewer. Jate King's 

John Lljle. Gilbert Millington. J ud S es 

William Say. Sir mil Conjlable, Bart. 

Oliver Cromwell. Edmund Ludlowe. 

Henry Ireton. Thomas Lord Grey of 
Sir Hardrefs IValler. Grooby. 

Valentine Wanton. Sir John Danvers. 

Thomas Harrifon. Sir Thomas Maleverer. 

fLdwqrd Whalley. Sir John Bourchier, Knt. 




394 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. "William Heveningham. Francis Allen. 

Jfaac Penington. Peregrine Pelbam. 

Henry Marten. Jf e pb Moore. 

William Purefoy. John Allured. 

John Barkftead. Henry Smyth. 

John Blakifton. Humphry Edwards. 

Gregory Clement. J^ n Venn. 

Thomas Wogan. Thomas Scott. 

Sir Gregory Norton. Thomas Andrews. 

Edmund Harvey. William Cawley. 

Sir Michael Livefay. Anthony Stapley. 

Robert Tichborne. 7 s ^ n Downes. 

Owen Rowe. Thomas Horton. 

Thomas Challoner. Thomas Hammond. 

Robert Lilburne. Nicholas Love. 

Adrian Scrape. Vincent Potter. 

Richard Deane. Augujtin Garland*. 

John Okey. John Dixwell. 

JohnHewfon. George Fleetwsod. 

William Goff. Symon Mayne. 

Cornelius Holland. James Temple. 

John Carevu. Peter Temple. 

John Jones. Daniel Blagravc. 

Miles Corbet. Thomas Wavte. 

And of thofe 

The Names of thofe who figned the Warrant for 

the Execution of the late King. 
Iradjbawe. Robert Tichborne. 

John Okey. 
John Danvers. 
John Bourchier. 
Henry Ireton. 
Thomas Maleverer. 
John Blakifton. 
'William Goff. 
John Jones. 
J. Hammond. 
Richard Ingold/by. 
Hardrefs Waller. 
Gilbert Millington. 
George Fleetwood. 
John Allured. 



Utiver Lromwell. 
Edward Whalley. 
John Dixwell. 
Valentine Wanton. 
Symon Mayne. 
Thomas Horton. 
Michael Livefay, 
Peter Temple. 
John Harrifon. 
John Hewfon. 
Henry Smyth. 
Peregrine Pelham, 
Richard Deane. 

Of E N G L A N D. 395 

Robert Lilburne. William Cawley. 

fVilliam Say. John Barkftead. 

Anthony Stanley. Gregory Norton. 

Humphry Edwards. Thomas Challoner. 

Daniel Blagrave. Thomas Wogan. 

Owen Rowe. John Venn. 

William Purefey. Gregory Clement. 

Adrian Scrape. J^ n Downes. 

James Temple. Thomas Wayte. 

Augujlin Garland. Thomas Scott. 

Edmund Ludlowe. John Carew. 

Henry Marten. Miles Corbet. 

Vincent Potter. Ifaac Ewer. 

William Conjialle. j. Hutchinfon. 
John Penne. 

After the reading of thefe Lifts, the Lords made 
an Order, That all thofe in the beforefaid Lifts 
fhould be abfolutely excepted out of the At of In- 
demnity and Oblivion ; and that all their Perfons 
xhould be forthwith fecured. 

July 24. In the further Proceedings of the Lords 
this Day, on the Bill of Indemnity, the Lord Roberts 
reported it as the Senfe of the Committee, That the 
Houfe of Commons fhould be defired to give Leave 
that Mr. Rujbworth, a Member of their Houfe b , may Mr. 
attend them, to give their Lordmips an Account of^ 
fomewhat relating to the King's Death ; which be- 
ing agreed to, and Mr. Rujhworth appearing before 
the Lords, the Speaker afked him, What he knew 
of the Meeting of twelve Perfons at the Bear at\he 
Bridge-Foot, concerning the Contrivance of the 
King's Death . ? He anfwered, That this was the 
firftTime he had ever heard of it. After which he 
was ordered to withdraw, and the Speaker was di- 
rected to afk him this Queftion, What he knows of 
a Meeting at the Bear at the Bridge-Foot at JJ^ind- 
for, or any other Place ? Mr. Rujhworth being cal- 
led in again, and the laft Queftion put to him, he 
anfwered, That Scout-Mafter Watfon told him, 


fc Rujhivorth was chofen a Member in this Convention for the 
Town of Berwick upon fiuted. See the Lift, 

396 *fhe Parliamentary His TOR r 
An. 12. Car. II, That fome Officers of the Army at IVindfor did 
1660. fpeak about trying of the King, and they were of 
*"" "T^p""' Opinion, that if the Army did defire it of the Parlia- 
ment, they would not deny it : That Mr. Watfon 
did name to him Col. Dean and Col. Ireton ; but 
further he knows not. Upon which their Lordfliips 
difmifled Mr. Rujhwortb from any further Attend- 
ance concerning that Bufmefs. 

The Commons had been bufy for fome Time in 
carrying on an A61 for a Subfidy of Tonnage and 
Poundage, and other Sums of Money payable to the 
King, upon Merchandize imported and exported. 
In debating on which, each particular Article in 
Trade was nominated, by a Book of Rates, in which 
theReuder may fee, in their Journals, what Branches 
of Merchandize were then dealt in, and what Cu- 
ftoms they then paid. The Lords read this Bill, 
when it was fent up, three Times in one Day, paf- 
fed, and returned it along with another Bill, for 
continuing theExciie a Month longer, to the Com- 
mons. They then made an Order, That no private 
Bufmefs mould intervene, untill the Biil of Indemni- 
ty, and other public Affairs, mould be difpatched. 

After this the Lords went on, deDie inDiem^.whh 
the Bill aforefaid, without any other material Bufi- 
nefs interfering, except the Introduction of Admiral 
Montagu into their Houfe. On his taking Leave 
of the Commons, the Speaker was ordered to give 
him the Thanks of that Houfe, for his many emi- 
nent Services to his Country; which he did in thefe 
Words : 
The Thanks of ' My Lord, Full Hearts have no Need of the 

ven Hel P f a Toil g ue ' You fee > U P" the leaft J7 
l^n- they break out in Thanks for your many eminent 

Services, which is our Happinefs and the Crown of 
your Merits. This Houfe is like a Ship, and you 
like a Steerfman : As you have one Eye on your 
Compafs, fo you have your other Eye upon God, 
who will freer all your Courfes aright. You have 
acled in this lower Sphere thefe many Years ; now 
his Majefty is pleafed to draw you up into an higher 
Orb, and that, on your Part/defervedly. We re- 

Of E N G L A N D. 397 

joice much at your Preferment to that Honour, and An. 12. Car. II. 
bid you heartily farewell. l66 - 

' I am commanded to give you the moft hearty 
Thanks of this Houfe, for your many eminent Ser 
vices, and I do it accordingly.' 

After which the Admiral went out, many Mem- 
bers of the Houfe following him; and when he came 
to the Lords, he was introduced there between the 
Earl of Northampton and the Earl of Litchfield, with 
the other ufual Ceremonies. His Patent, bearing, 
Date July 12, 1660, creating him Baron of St. 
Neots, Vifcount Hinchenbrook, and Earl of Sand- 

July 27. The Marquis of Ormond was alfo intro- 
duced into the Houfe of Lords, by the Stile and 
Title of Baron of Lanthony, and Earl of Brecknock. 

The fame Day the Houfe of Commons fent up a 
MeiTage to the Lords by Mr. Prynne, to put their 
Lordfliips in Mind of fome Bufmefs of great Con- 
cernment that then lay undifpatch'd before them, 
viz. the Bill for fundamental Liberties ; the Bill for 
continuing all Judicial Proceedings ; the Bill for a 
general Pardon and Indemnity ; and the Procla- 
mation for putting the Laws in Execution againft 
Priefts and Jefuits. On the fame Day, and on the 
fame Occafion, partly, the King came down to the 
Houfe of Lords, and made the following Speech to 

My Lords, 

'Tf/'HE N I came fir/1 hither to you, which 
** within two or three Days after I ca 
Whitehall, / did, with as much Earneftnejs as 1 
could, both by myfelf and the Chancellor , recommend to 
you and the Houfe a/Commons, the fpeedy Difpfitch cf 
the Aft of Indemnity, as a necejfary Foundation of that 
Security we all pray for. 1 did fence , by a particular 
MeJJage to the Houfe of Commons, again $refs them 
to hajlen that importaut Work ; and did likewife, by 
* Proclamation, publijb to all the Kingdom, Thatji 


398 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ?a. Car. II. did with Impatience expeff, that that Ad Jhould be 
1 660. presented to me for my Ajjent, as the mo ft reafonable 

1 ~'~" ' and folid Foundation of that Peace, Happinefs, and 
u y ' Security, I hope and pray for, to myfelf and all my 
Dominions. 1 will not deny it to you, I thought the 
Houfe of Commons too long about that Work, and 
there fore i now it is come up to you, I would not have 
you guilty of the jame Delay. I thank God, / have 
the fame Intentions and Rcfolutions now I am here 
with you, which I bad at Breda ; and I believe that I 
owe my being here to God's Eleffir.g upon the Intentions 
and Refolutions I then exprejjed to have. I ^vilI read 
to you what 1 then faid. 

And to the End that the Fear of Punifiiment may 
not engage any, confcious to themfelves of what is 
paffed, to a Perfeverance in Guilt for the future, by 
oppofing the Quiet and Happinefs of their Country, 
in the Reftoration both of King, Peers, and People, 
to their juft, antient, and fundamental Rights, we 
do, by thefe Prelents, declare, That we do grant 
a free and general Pardon, which we are ready, up- 
on Demand, to pafs under our Great Seal of Eng- 
land, to all our Subjects, of what Degree or Quality 
foever, who, within forty Days after the publrfhing 
hereof, {hall lay hold upon this our Grace and Fa- 
vour, and (hall, by any public Act, declare their do- 
ing fo : And that they return to the Loyalty and 
Obedience of good Subjects, excepting only fuch 
Perfons as {hall hereafter be excepted by Parliament. 
Thofe only excepted, let all our loving Subjects, 
how faulty foever, rely upon the \Vord of a King, 
iblemnly given by this prefent Declaration, That 
no Crime whatfoever committed againft us or our 
Royal Father, before the Publication of this, fhall 
ever rife in Judgment, or be brought in Queftion, 
againft any of them, to the leaft Endamagement of 
them, either in their Lives, Liberties, orEftates, or 
(as far forth as lays in our Power) fo much as to the 
Prejudice of their Reputations, by any Reproach, or 
Term of Diftinction from the reft of our beft Sub- 
jects. We defmng and ordaining, that henceforward 
all Notes of Difcord, Separation, and Difference of 


Of ENGLAND. 399 

Parties be utterly aboliftied among all our Subjects, An. iz. Car. 11. 
whom we invite and conjure to a perfect Union 1660. 

among themfelves under our Protection, for the Re- * v 

fettlement of our juft Rights and theirs, in a free J y ' 
Parliament; by which, upon the Word of a King, 
we will be advifed. 

My Lords, if you do not join with me in extinguijb- 
ing this Fear, which keeps the Hearts of Men awake , 
and apprehenftve of Safety and Security, you keep me 
from performing my Promiff, which if I had not 
made, I am perfuaded neither 1 nor you had been now 
here. I pray let us not deceive thofe who brought, or 
permitted, us to come together. I knew well there were 
fame Men who could neither forgive themfelves, or be 
forgiven by us ; and I thank you for your Jujlice to- 
wards- thofe, the immediate Murderers of my Father : 
And 1 will deal truly with you, I never thought of ex- 
cepting any other. I pray tbink well upon what I 
have offered, and the Benefit you and I have received 
from that Offer, and encourage and oblige all ether 
Perfons, by not excluding them from the Benejit of this 
Afi. This Mercy and Indulgence is the beji Way to 
bring them to a true Repentance, and to make them 
more fevere to themfelves, when they find we are not 
fo to them. It will make them good Subjects to me, 
and good Friends and Neighbours to you; and then zve 
have all our Ends, and you Jhall find this the fecureft 
Expedient to prevent future Mifchief. Therefore I 
do earnejlly defire and conjure you to depart from alt 
particular Animofitles and Revenge, or Memory ofpaji 
Provocations, and that you willpafs this AcJ, without 
other Exceptions, than of thofe who wtre immediately 
guilty of that Murder of my Father. 

My Lords, I have told you my Opinion, and I hope 
you will be of the fame. If any Perfons appear offuch 
dangerous and obftinate Principles, that the Peace of 
the Kingdom cannot be preferved whilft they have Li- 
berty in it, feme other Courfe may be taken, that they 
foall not be able to do Hurt ; and I ajjure you, there 
is nothing can enable them to do fa much Harm, as t!:e 
lief erring the pajfing this Aft* 

400 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. la. Car. If. / hope I need fay nothing of Ireland, and that they 
1660. a i one jbaii m t fa without the Benefit of my Mercy. 

' Tj~" ~ They have Jhewed much dffeftion to me abroad, and 
you -will have a Care of my Honour, and of what I 
have promifed to them. 1 do again conjure you, that you 
will ufe all Expedition in the Difpatch of this Bill. 

After the King was departed, the Lords made an 
Order for a Call of their Houfe, to be on the 3d of 
Augujl following. 

The King comes July 28. This Day, when the Lords had thrown 
again to the themfelves into a Committee on the Bill of Indem- 

e 3 n ' y anc ^ were again refumed, the King came again 
Bills. to that Houfe, in order to pafs fome Bills that then 

lay ready for the Royal Aflent. The Commons be- 
ing fent for as ufual, and come up, their Speaker 
prefented his Majefty with two Bills ; one, For a 
Grant of Tonnage and Poundage ; the other. For 
a Continuance of Excife. After which he made a 
fhort Speech to the King, to this Effect : 

Abftraft of the ' That it never was the Cuftom of Parliaments to 

Speaker of the charge the People with Payments, untill their Li- 

monsVeeclTto ^ >ert ' es anc * Grievances were firft confirmed and 

hlmor/theOc- redrefTed ; yet, out of the greateft Truft and Confi- 

eafion. dence that ever Subjects had in a Prince, the Houfe 

of Commons did now go out of their old Way, and 

had now fupplied his Majefty 's Neceflities with the 

greateft Gift that ever Prince of this Kingdom had 

ever given him by his People.' 

The Bills were then read by the Clerk of Parlia- 
ment, and pafled the Royal Aflent with thefe Bills 
following : 

An Aft for the prefent nominating of CommiJJioners 
of Sewers. 

An Acl for reftorlng unto James Marquis of Or- 
mond, all his Honours, Manors, Lands, and Tene- 
ments in Ireland, which he was in PoJJeJJion of the 
23^ of Odober, 1641, and at any Time fmce. 

July 30. The Lords continuing to go into a 
Committee every Day, on the Bill of Indemnity, it 

Of E N G L A N D. 401 

was ordered, That the Lord-ChamberJain mould go An, 12. Car. II. 
and acquaint his Majefty with the great Sums of ^660. 
Money in Arrears in the Court of Wards, which ^"T^~ 
are mentioned in the At of Indemnity ; and to 
know his Majefty's Pleafure therein. The next 
Day the faid Lord brought back from the King the 
following Anfwer in Writing : 


T TlS Majefty is very well informed of the Value*?^ King's An- 
- r7 of theft ConceJJions, which are to pafs in the Atl { ! a ^ ef ' 

f T / I -I I i I * n > ' a e " om t " 8 

of Indemnity, which relate intirely to his Majejty $ Lords. 
Profit^ and which have little or no Relation to the 
War : He knows well that the Arrears of the Wars, 
the Licences of Alienation, and Alienations without 
Licence, Purveyance, Refpite of Homage, the Arrears 
of Rent Jlill in the Hands of the Tenants, and the 
other Particulars, amount to a great and vaji Sum ; 
all which are releafed and discharged by this Aft. 
But his Majefly is Jo well fatis fie d of the good Affec- 
tion of his Houfe of Commons, and of their Intentions 
and Resolutions to fettle fuch a Revenue upon his 
Majejty as may preferve the Crown from Want, and 
from being undervalued by his Neighbours ; that he 
is refolved not to infijl upon any Particulars which 
the Houfe of Commons dejired his Majefly Jhould re- 
leafe : And therefore, as his Majefty thanks the Houfe 
of Peers for the Information they have given him, 
and for the Care they have exprejfed of his Majefty 1 s 
Profit, fo he is well contented that that Claufe Jhall 
pafs in fuch Manner as the Houfe of Commons hath 
Jet down : And continues his earnejl De/ire, that all 
Expedition be ufed in pajjing the faid Att in the 
Manner he hath formerly exprej/ed. 

Given at our Court at Whitehall, this 30th Day 
of July, in the twelfth Year of our Reign. 

By his Majefty's Command, 


This Anfwer the Lords thought proper to com" 

municate to the Commons at a Conference ; who 

VOL, XXII. C c were 

4O2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

A. 12. Car. II. were fo pleafed with it, that they immediately ap- 

1660. pointed a large Committee to fit and confider of fet- 

W-"-\' 1 -J t jj n g f uc h a Revenue on his Majefty, as fhould 

Auguft. maintain the Splendour and Grandeur of his Kingly 

Office, and preferve the Crown from Want, and 

from being undervalued by his Neighbours. They 

ordered alfo the Members of the Houfe, who were 

The Commons o f his Privy Council, to wait upon his Majefty, and 

thr the ive him thcir humble and neart 7 Thanks for his 
. * gracious Meflage, and to acquaint him in what Way 
the Houfe had put the fettling a Revenue on his 
Majefty : And at the fame Time ordered, That 
this Meflage from the King fhould be entered in 
their Journals, as a Memorial of his Majefty's 
Grace and Goodnefs. 

The Lieutenant of the Tower brought in the ori- 
ginal Warrant for the Execution of the late King, 
which he had received of Col. Hacker^ and prefented 
it to the Lords. 

Auguft i. The Lords continued to fcrutinize very 
clofely into the principal Actors of the late King's 
Death ; and this Day Col. Tomlinfon, who com- 
manded the Guard at St. James's, and conducted 
the King to Whitehall^ was examined ; but by the 
Evidence of Mr. Seymour, a Member of the other 
Houfe, who faid that the late King told him, That 
the Colonel did carry himfelf civilly towards his 
Majefty in allRefpedts: Therefore their Lordlhips, 
becaufe it did not appear that the faid Col. Tomlin- 
fon figned the bloody Warrant, on the Queftion, 
acquitted him, and ordered him to be left out of the 
Lift of excepted Names in the Act of Indemnity. 

T he Lord Roberts reported, from the Committee 
on the faid Act, That it was their Opinion that 
Col. Francis Hacker, Sir Henry Vane^ Sir Arthur 
Hafilrigge, Col. John Lambert, and Col. Daniel 
Axtell, ihould be wholly exempted out of the Bill 
of Indemnity. Then was read the reft of the 
Claufe, wherein the aforefaid Perfons were named 
in the Bill ; and the Queftion being put, Whether 


Of E N G L A N D. 403 

this Claufe fhould be left out of the Bill, it was car- An. 12. Car. II 
ried in the Affirmative ; the Earl of Lincoln only 
diflenting, by fubfcribing his Name, T. Lincoln. 

Augujl 2. The Lords reported this Day, from the 
Committee on the Bill of Indemnity, that their further 
Opinion was That if any of the Perfons following, 
viz. William Lenthall, Efq; William Burton, Oliver FurtherProceed 
St.John, Col. William Sydenham, Col. John Dejbo- 1 ^^^ 
rough, John Blackwell of Mortclack, Chrijhpher Indemnity. 
Packe, Alderman, Richard Keeble, Charles Fleet- 
wood, John Pyne, Richard Deane, Major Richard 
Creed, Philip Nye, Clerk, "John Goodwin, Clerk, 
Col. Ralph Corbet, and John Ireton, Alderman, 
fhall hereafter accept, or exercife, any Office, Ec- 
clefiaftical, Civil, or Military, or any other public 
Employment, within this Kingdom, Dominion of 
Wales, or Town of Berwick upon Tweed, or in Ire- 
land, that then fuch Perfon or Perfons that do fo ac- 
cept or execute as aforefaid, fhall, to all Intents and 
Purpofes in Law, ftand as if he or they had been to- 
tally excepted by Name in this Houfe. All which 
the Lords agreed to accordingly. 

Thomas Lifter, Efq; and Sir Gilbert Pickering, 
put into the Bill by the Commons, were voted to be 
left out by the Lords. They alfo ordered that four 
Perfons, viz. John Blackwell, Col. Croxton, William 
Wyberd, and Edmund Waring, who fat upon the 
Trial at a pretended Court of the late Earl of Derby, 
the Earls of Holland and Cambridge, and the Lord 
Capely fhould be totally exempted out of the faid 
Bill, and left to the Law; their Perfons alfo to be 
forthwith fecured. 

Auguft 9. This Day, and every Day, the Lords 
puttied on this Affair ; when the Lord Roberts re- 
ported from their Committee, That it was their 
Opinion all thofe who fat in any High Court of Ju- 
ftice fhall be made incapable of bearing any Office, 
Ecclefiaftical, Civil, or Military, within this King- 
dom, &c. And that all fuch Perfons fhall be liable 
to fuch further Penalties as by any future Adi of Par- 
C c 2 liamcnt 

404 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. il.liament may be inflicted upon them, not extending 
1660. t o Life ; which the Houfe confirmed. 

^**~" v """' Notwithftanding the Diligence the Lords ufed to 
Auguft. fin|fti this g u f ine( - Si yet the ing and the Houfe O c 

Commons thought them very flow in the Matter. 
The King had, in his laft Speech, recommended 
Expedition to them very ftrongly ; and this Day the 
Commons fent up a Mefiage to the Lords to defire 
a Conference with them on Matters of Importance: 
Which being granted, and che Lords returned, the 
Lord Chancellor made the following Report of it, 

4 That the Houfe of Commons defired earneftly 
the keeping of a good Correfpondency between the 
The Commons two Houfes, and to acquaint their Lordfhips, That 
urge th-rn again t ^ey had fent up feveral Bills to charge the People 
of this Kingdom with Payments, contrary to former 
Precedents of Pailiaments before Acls of Grace; for, 
as yet, there had been no fuch Act of Grace and 
Pardon to fatisfy their Reprefentatives : And as we 
had a King, exceeding his Predeceflbrs in Goodnefs 
and Grace towards his People, fo, the Houfe of 
Commons fay, they have exceeded in their Duty 
and Proceedings beyond all former Parliaments : 
That they had brought up divers Bills of great and 
public Concernment to the King and the whole 
Kingdom ; as, the Bill of Indemnity, the Bill of 
Judicial Proceedings, one for Confirmation ofMagna 
Cbarta ; and the Subjects cannot go on in chear- 
fully paying their Taxes, untill the pafling thefe 
Bills, efpecially that of Indemnity, which the 
Houfes have been fo prefied for ; firft, by his Maje- 
fty's Letter from Breda, and his Speech and Mei- 
fage, to give Expedition to. 

* And the Koufe of Commons further fay, That 
they have fuch great and urgent Occafions for pre- 
ient Monies, that they muft be forced to defire a 
Loan of ico,ooo/. of the City of London y wherein 
they defire their Lordihips Concurrence ; but they 
had little Hopes to obtain it, in regard of their 
Fears, by the not pafling the aforefaid Bill : That 
they had that Day received a MefTage from the King 


Of E N G L A N D. 405 

concerning providing of Money fpeedily, for 
Army and the Navy, who are in great Neceflity for 
Money ; there being twenty-four Ships lately come V "~ A "^ / ^""^ 
into Harbour for Want of Provifions, which can- 
not be got without Money ; alfo, for Want of paf- 
fing the Bill of Judicial Proceedings, the Judges can- 
not go their Circuits, whereby the Subjects fuffer in 
their Properties, Fftates, and Lives; therefore the 
Houfe of Commons defired their Lordfhips to give 
all poflible Expedition to the aforefaicl Bills.' 

After the Hearing of this long and ftrong Remon- 
ftrance from the Commons, the Lords went into a 
Committee on the Pardon Bill ; and, being refu- 
med, the Lord Roberts reported from them, That 
the Opinion of the Committee was, That, for the 
more fpeedy Difpatch of this Bill, no further Ad- 
dition or Exception (hall be made to it, unlefs in 
the Bufmefs of Ireland; which Opinion was con- 
firmed by the Houfe. 

The Committee for the Bill for Judicial Proceed- 
ings were alfo ordered to meet that Afternoon. 

Augujl 10. The Lords concluded the tedious Af- The Lords pafs 
fair of the Bill of Indemnity, with divers Amend the Bil ]' with 

... '. , , . \ r many Amend- 

ments and Alterations ; and ordered it to be fent men [ S & Ct 

down to the Commons for their Concurrence ; as 
were, a very few Days after, the Bills for Poll Mo- 
ney and for Confirmation of all Judicial Proceedings. 

Before we go on with any more Bufinefs in the 
Houfe of Lords, it is neceffary to look back a little 
into the Proceedings of the Commons, after they had 
lent up the Bill of Indemnity. 

And, firft, we find in our Diary, That, -on the 
2yth ult. when the Commons had prepared the Mo- 
ney Bill, and it only waited for the Royal AfTent, a 
Morion was made, by Mr. Annefley, for carrying 
it up; on which Sir John Norihcot faid, That his 
Duty to his King, and his Love for his Country, 
made a Conflict within him ; and defired the Bill for 
Money might not be carried up before the Act of 
Indemnity was pafied : To which Mr. Pie repaint 
C c 3 anfwered, 

406 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. \i. Car. ll.anfwered, That, notwithstanding the Lords Delay, 
yet they ought not to flop the Money Bill ; confider- 
ing the great Occafion the State had for Money ; 
and moved, rather to defire the King to quicken the 
Lords. Mr. Stevens feconded the laft Motion. Sir 
George Downing, on the fame Side, faid, That it 
mons, whether was not proper to diftruft the King, but to pafs the 
the Money Bill gjjj f or Money, without making Conditions with 
the AflTof 6 n ' m j ant * l eave it to ms Majefty to haften on the 
Grace. Bill of indemnity. Col. King and Col. Jones fpoke 

for fending up the Money Bill, and to truft the King. 
Mr. Secretary Morrice faid, That they were afraid 
of their own Feais ; for Fear did take Things as 
they might happen : That they fhould have Cha- 
rity ; and Charity with Reverence to Princes ; that, 
after having the King home without Conditions, they 
fhould not then diftruft him : Adding, That Con- 
fidence was the greateft Obligation ; that he had 
Commands from the King to fpeed the Bill of In- 
demnity ; but that they fhould fhew their Duty, and 
truft their King. Sir Henry Hungerford faid, He 
could not be jealous of his Majefty, but the Lords 
gave gre^t Caufe for Jealoufy, in retarding the Bill 
fo long ; and defned the King might be moved to 
quicken them. Mr. Holies next faid, If he thought 
the flopping the Bill of Indemnity, at prefent, was 
meant to injure the Subject, he would not open his 
Mouth for the Money Bill ; but, as he was aflured 
the King would do, and had done, all he could to 
haften the bill of Indemnity, if, after this, it flop only 
at the Houfe of Lords, the Commons had acquitted 
themfelves. Mr. Prynne moved againft the Delay 
of the Lords in other Bills, as well as the laft; efpe- 
cially ir. rhat asainft Priefts and Jefuits : And, after 
all, it was voted, That the Bill for Money fhould 
pafs ; and the King be defired to appoint a Time 
when the Houfe fhould wait upon him with this and 
other Bills for the Royal Aflent. At the fame Time 
the Members of the Privy Council and others, who 
were appointed to carry up this Meflage, were alfo 
to reprefent to his Majefty, That although Ads of 
Grace ever preceded Acts for Money, yet the Houfe 


Of E N G L A N D. 407 

of Commons had fuch Confidence and Aflurance in An. 12. Car. H 
his Majefty's Grace and Goodnefs, that they do l66 ' 
prefent the Bill for Money firft, and ftiall wait his ^^f^* 
Majefty's Pleafure for fpeeding the A61 of Grace. 

This MefTage was carried to the King by Mr. A Men - age to thc 
Holies, Sir Anthony AJhley Cooper , Sir William Mor- King, from 
rice, Sir William Lewis, and Mr. Piertpoint ; a n l>^^ cr and his 
at their Return, Mr. Holies reported the King's An- 
fwer to the Meflage, which was in thefe Words : 

That, if be knew his own Heart ', he took this Kind- 
nefs of the Houfe fo kindly, that he knew not how to 
be revenged of them for it ; and, for the Confidence 
they had in him, he only dejired this, that they would 
retain it untill he deceived them: And then he ap- 
pointed the next Day at Eleven o'Clock. What 
was then done, at the King's coming to the Houfe 
of Lords, is already given from their Journals. 

On the 3<Dth ult. Col. Birch brought in a Bill in- Sir George 
to the Houfe of Commons, to enable Sir George Bcoth ^ Affair 
Booth to fell fome Lands for the Payment of his deb 
Debts, and provide Fortunes for his younger Chil- 
dren. Upon which Sir Ralph Knight moved to 
throw out the Bill ; becaufe he thought it was not 
fit fo worthy a Perfon as Sir George, who had done 
fuch Service, fhould be forced to fell his Lands to 
pay thofe Debts which he had contracted for the 
Good of the Nation. Sir John Northed moved for 
to give him 1 0,000 /. and fave his Lands. On which 
Sir George himfelf flood up, and defired the Houfe to 
pafs the Bill fpeedily ; which, he faid, was the 
greateft Teftimony of his Country's Affe&ion to him 
that he did defire. Mr. Palmer was for the Houfe 
to think of fome Recompence for him : And was fe- 
conded by Col. Birch, who faid, That Sir George 
Booth's Engagement was the Beginning of their pre- 
fent Happinefs. Sir Ralph AJhton, Sir Trevor Wil- 
liams, Mr. Knight ley, and Sir Thomas Wharton, 
fpoke for the Gift of 10,000 /. and to lay the Bill 
aftde. Sir George Booth rofe up again and begg'd the 
to lay the Queftion for 1 0,000 /. afide, and to 


408 Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. n.fpeed the Bill. But feveral other Members, as Sir 

j66 - Dudley North, Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Sir William 

'""JJTdT"' D'Oiley, and Mr. Trevor, fpeaking on the fame 

Side ; and the laft-named Gentleman moving for 

the Gift and to read the Bill alfo, it was voted, 

That he ihould have the 1 0,000 /. as a Gift, and 

the Bill was read a fecond Time, with the Addition 

of Five per Cent. Interefl, till the whole Sum charged 

on the Excife was paid. 

The fame Day a Bill for fettling and reftoring Mi- 
nifters in their Ecclefiaftical Livings and Promotions, 
was read a fecond Time ; and on which a notable 
Debate enfued, for which we are folely indebted, as 
well as for the former, to our Manufcript Diary. 
The Minifters Serjeant Littleton moved againft this Bill, becaufe, 
Bill debated, he faid, it was to continue all fcandalous Minifters 
out, and not remove all fcandalous ones that were 
in. Sir William Wheeler was for committing the Bill, 
and to refer the Confideration of their Characters to 
the Juftices of the Peace in their refpe&ive Coun- 
ties. Mr. Palmer was for flopping all extravagant 
Preaching. On which Sir Thomas Clarges moved 
againft one Bond, a Preacher, that writ a Book to 
juftify the King's Murder, and produced the Book. 
Mr. Prynne, to fend for Bond; which was ordered. 
Several Members, after this, fpoke for committing 
the Bill; as, Sir Anthony Irby, Mr. Gewen, Mr. 
Crouch, and Sir George Ryves, who was for commit- 
ting it, provided there was Care taken againft fac- 
tious Minifters. Mr. Thurland moved, that all thofe 
who were to be continued, fhould read the Thirty- 
nine Articles. Sir Thomas Meeres feeonded this laft 
Motion ; and fpoke againft the Triers at Whitehall, 
who put in Perfons of anabaptiftical Principles into 
good Livings ; faying, They would put in any Bo- 
dy into mean Livings ; but none but thofe of their 
own Humour into a great one. Mr. Raynesford mo- 
ved, That they fhould alfo take the Oaths of Alle- 
giance and Supremacy. Mr. Swinfen fpoke for the 
Bill ; and that thofe who have now two Livings 
may have but one j the prefent Pofleflbr to enjoy 


Of E N G L A N D. 409 

till Michaelmas ; and not to impofe all the Articles An. ia. Car.H. 
upon them; but only fuch as concern Doctrine and l66 - 
not Discipline ; laying, it was too grating to the Con- * '~^~I ~~* 
icience. He moved alfo to bring the Bill in again by a 
Committee fpcedily. Sir Hentage Finch laid, The 
Bill was not brought in according to the Votes of the 
Committee ; and moved againft all fuch Minifters 
as will not conform to the Laws of the Land ; fay- 
ing, They could not punifh the Papifts with any 
Juftice, if they did not punifli their own Minifters 
for refufing to be regulated according to Law. He 
added, That there was not a Line in the Bill which 
provided againft the Scandalous, who were then In- 
cumbents j but that there was one agaiuft the Eject- 
ed, and againft thofe alfo who had two Benefices. 
Laftly, He moved againft all thofe Minifters who 
were prefented againft the Confent of the Patron, 
and were allowed to have Grace but no Allegiance : 
Not to confirm any fuch ; nor abate one of the 
Thirty- nine Articles, or the Oaths, to thofe that 
fhould ftay in, but to leave them to their feveral 
Patrons to be profecuted according to Law. Mr. 
Prynne was for all Minifters to take the Oaths ; but 
their Prefentations to be good throughout, though 
not by the right Patrons, in Times of Trouble. Sir 
John Ma/ham was for fetting afide the whole Bill, 
or bringing in another ; faying, That it was need- 
lefs, or unjuft, to confirm thofe Perfons in their Li- 
vings againft the Patrons ; and, having voted the 
King all his Lands and Appurtenances, this Confir- 
mation would contradict that Acl. Mr. Allen was 
not for taking Care of the Patron if he neglected 
to prefent within fix Months ; but, if he did, he 
faid it was fitting there {hould be Care taken to name 
very choice Men, in the refpeclive Counties, to exa- 
mine the Matter, what Sort of Men they prefented. 
Sir John Bowyer faid, There was before the Houfe 
what was fit and what was juft to be done ; that he 
was for the juft ; and moved for the Oaths and the 
Thirty- nine Articles to be taken and fubfcribed by 
all Priefts; but moved, more efpecially, againft thofe 
who were inftrumental againft the King. Mr. Trevor 


410 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ac. ii. Car. II. fpoke next, for mixing Prudence with Juftice, and 
1660. reftoring all thofe who were truly deferving to their 
* -v ~~* Benefices : But yet to confider thofe who are in, that 
Augufl. were as deferving too. He moved alfo againft Pa- 
trons, pro hoc vice^ and faid, There was no Proviflon 
in the Bill againft thofe who are fcandalous, and were 
then in. Mr. Charlton fpoke againft the referring 
the Bill to a Committee, but to refer it to the Law ; 
fo as to let every Man then in Poffeffion continue fo, 
if he can prove the right Owner fcandalous ; but, if 
he do not, then to be liable to Arrears. He hoped 
the Houfe would not be more cruel than Harry VIII. 
who allowed his turn'd-out Priefts Maintenance for 
their Lives ; and therefore moved for all Arrears of 
Fifths only to be reftored ; but that no one Man 
that was a Trier, and had a Living then given him, 
fhould enjoy it. Mr. Hungerford was for Prudence 
and Moderation, and committing the Bill. Mr. 
Thomas, not for any to have the Benefit of their Li- 
vings that would not conform to the Law ; nor that 
Juftices or Commiffioners fhould be any Judges of 
this Bufinefs, but refer all to the Law. Mr. Stevens, 
to reftore the Orthodox, and againft the Scanda- 
lous; faying, He knew one that faid, The Devil 
take the Flock fo he had the Fleece ; and was for 
having fix orthodox Divines to join with the Corn- 
miffioners. Mr. Barton was for having all to take 
the Oaths and read the Articles ; but none to ftay in 
that would not conform to the Law ; alfo to have 
fome Divines joined to the Commiffioners. Sir John 
Temple fpoke for committing the Bill ; Sir Richard 
Temple for referring it to a Grand Committee ; Col. 
Jones, for the prefent Poffeffors to ftay till Michael- 
mas, and then to divide the Profits ; Col. Birch, not 
to impofe the fubfcribing the Articles, but to com- 
mit the Bill without it. Mr. Chafe argued for their 
taking the Oaths and fubfcribing the Articles, and 
the Patrons not to lofe their Prefentations, notwith- 
{landing they did not prefent in Time. 

This long Debate ftill continuing, may prove too 
tedious for the Reader, we fhall therefore only give 
the Names of the reft of the Speakers in it 3 for, in 


Of E N G L A N D* 411 

general, they fpoke nothing more than what had An 12. Car. II. 
been urged by others. Their Names were, Mr. j66o. 
Knirht, Sir Henry North, Mr, Bram/lon, Col. /T/W, Ausru 
Mr. Broderick, Sir #W*r r/*, Mr. Bunckley, 
Mr.Bamfield, Mr.Knightley, and SulVilliam Lewis. 
The two laft Members moved to take Care of Pa- 
trons againft fcandalous Minifters ; to commit the 
Bill ; to let the Discipline alone to the Confideration 
of the King and Divines, for it was impoffibletocome 
at the old Government, per Sdltum, but by Degrees. 
On the whole, the Bill was voted to be com- 
mitted to a very large Committee at firft ; but after- 
wards, on the Queftion, it was carried for all that 
came to have Voices. 

On the 3ift of July a Bill For fettling a fuitable 
Revenue on the King, for abolifhing the Court of 
Wards, ftated at 100,000 /. a-year, was debated in 
the Houfe of Commons. Sir John Holland fpoke 
againft it, faying, That the County of Norfolk, for 
which he ferved, was aflefled at a higher Rate tha& 
Yorkjhire, Lanca/hire, Durham, Cumberland, Weft- 
snoreland, Northumberland, Northampton/hire, and 
Derbyjhire. Several Motions were made to raife it 
by a Pound-Rate ; others, to lay it on the Excife 
of Beer and Ale. Mr. Thomas moved, That thofe 
who were eafed by fuch a Bill fhould pay it ; or at 
leaft none to be taxed to it but fuch as have ioo/. 
a-year. But this was referred to another Day. 

In the Afternoon of this Day the Committee on 
the Minifters Bill fat for the firft Time, when di- 
vers Motions were made, fays our Authority, 
againft thofe who were inftrumental in the King's 
Death : And the Queftion being put, That all thofe 
who were ignorant and infufficient for the Work of 
the Miniftry, or that have been any way inftru- 
mental in the King's Death, (hould not enjoy anjr 
Benefice, the Ayes had it nemine contradicente. 
Which was all the Bufmefs they did at this Meeting. 

The next Day came on in the Houfe, the Affair 
of Money furniihed to the Plenipotentiaries, by Or- 

412 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. is.. Car. II. for of the late Council of State : When, after a Ion** 

56 ' Debate, Whether the Ad fhould be allowed, be- 

^'QC^ caufe they were employed by the faid Council, the 

Houfe divided, and the Ayes that went out loft it by 

three. The "Journal tells us, the Numbers were 

91 to 88, and that Sir Solomon Swale and Sir John 

Temple were Tellers for the Yeas, and Sir John 

Bowyer, Teller for the Noes. 

The fame Day a Bill was brought in, For im- 
powering Commiflioners to inquire after Goods and 
Eftates which have been embezzled, to the defraud- 
ing of the Public : And the Queftion being put, 
That this Bill be read a fecond Time, a long and 
warm Debate enfued ; which we give from our Ma- 
nufcript Diary as follows : 

Debate on the Sir Heneage Finch moved to throw it out, as con- 
Bill for inquiry tradi&ory to the At of Indemnity. Serjeant May- 
after embezzled nard went further, and faid, It included the Star- 
tes ' Chamber, Exchequer Court, Court of Wards, Ha- 
berdafhers-Hall, all together. . On the fame Side 
fpoke Sir Thomas Wtddrington, Col. Shapcot^ and 
Serjeant Littleton. Sir John Ma/ham was alfo againft 
the Bill ; but faid, Some other Way fhould be found 
to call Accountants to Queftion. Mr. Stevens fpoke 
againft it too, but was willing to queftion Account- 
ants by Way of the Exchequer. 

On the other Side, Mr. Prynne^ Sir John Bow- 
yer y Sir Richard Temple^ Mr. Knight^ Col. King 9 
and Sir Thomas Meeres^ fpoke for the Bill. Mr. An- 
nejley was againft it ; but was not for fpeaking too 
feverely againft the Bill, nor for difcouraging the 
Pains of thofe that drew it ; but moved that fome 
Courfe fhould be taken to queftion Accountants, as 
referring them to the Exchequer, and to draw a 
fhort Bill for that Purpofe. Sir Anthony Irby, 
Mr. Allerii Mr. Shaw, Col. Jones, Mr. Goodrich^ 
Mr. Knightley^ and Mr. Trevor^ fpoke, pro and con* 
either to mend the Bill or to make a new one ; till 
at laft, on the Queftion, Whether to read the Bill 
a fecond Time, it was carried in the Negative, 131 
againft 113: And, on another Motion of Mr. An- 
ne/ley, To draw a new Bill, after a long Debate, it 

Of E N G L A N D. 413 

was carried, and referred to a Committee named for An. 12. Car. II. 
that Purpofe. 1660. 

The Committee on the Minifters Bill fat in the ^ "v - J 
Afternoon of this Day; when, according to our Di- ugu " 
ary, another long Debate enfued, and the Queftion 
put, Whether fuch Minifters as, by Preaching, 
Printing, Writing, or conftant Refufal to baptize, 
have declared their Judgments againft Infant-Bap- 
tifm, ftiall be incapable to hold any Living, the 
Committee divided, and the Numbers were, on 
both Sides, 82 ; when Col. King, the Chairman, 
gave it for the Yeas. 

The next Day, /lug. 2, the Bill For appointing 
an Anniverfary for the perpetual Obfervation of the 
29th of May (being the Day on which the King 
entered into London, and his Birth-Day) to be kept 
as a Day of Thanfgiving for ever, was read a fecond 
Time, and committed. 

One Sir Robert Byron petitioned the Houfe for 
400 /. promifed by the Long Parliament to any one 
who fhould bring the Head of Arthur Roe, an IriJJ) 
Rebel, which this Sir Robert did. This was read, 
but laid ailde. 

Next, the Amendments in the Poll Bill, fent 
down by the Lords, were read ; and one of them 
being, That all Papifts or others, that will not take 
the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, fhall not pay 
double, the Bill being to the contrary, Sir Anthony 
Irby moved, todefire the King to exclude all Popifh 
Lords from the Houfe of Lords; which Motion was 
feconded by Sir John Northcot. On the fame Side 
alfo fpoke Mr. Stevens, Sir Walter Erie, Sir Thomas 
Bludworth, and Mr. Prynne. For an Agreement 
with the Lords in their Amendments, were only 
Sir John Majham and Mr. Clifford; and, on the 
Queftion, it was refolved, That this Houfe doth 
adhere to the Claufe as it ftands in the Bill. 

The Committee on the Minifters Bill fitting 
again this Afternoon, our Diary has preferved fome 
more Debates on this important Aftair. Col. Sbap- 

414 The Parliamentary HI STORY 

An. ia. Car. II. cot was for not impofmg any Thing on them. 
1660. Mr. Giles Eyre moved to Jay aiide the Debate on 
* v -' the Thirty-nine Articles. Mr. Prynne fpoke very 
Auguft. paffionately againft the Articles. Mr. Stevens at- 
tacked the Book of Common Prayer ; unlefs 5m- 
pofed by A<5t of Parliament, and not by the Bi- 
fhops. Only one Member, Mr. Tburiand, fpoke 
The Minifters for impoiing the Thirty nine Articles: And the 
tefumed. Queftion bting put, as the former, That fuch as, 

by Preaching, Printing, Writing, or a conftant Re- 
fufal to adminifter the Sacraments, {hall not be ad- 
mitted to a Living, the Houfe divided on the Words 
conjlant Refufal, whether they mould be left out, and 
the Noes carried it. Mr. Crouch was for leaving 
out fcandalous or ignorant in the Minifters Refufal 
to the Sacrament; faying, It was their Duty to give 
to all, but fuch as were very notorious ; afking onjy 
who mould be the Judge of Scandal. Mr. Charlton 
and Mr. Giles Eyre were for putting the Queftion in 
the fame Words as the former about Baptifm. 
Mr. Walpole was for having thofe Minifters ex- 
cluded who had refufed for fome Years ; Mr. Allen 
named two Years ; in which he was feconded by 
Sir Thomas Metres ; but Mr. Annejley faying, That 
would exclude ail Minifters out of the A61 of Obli- 
vion, and Sir Heneage Finch moving to lay the De- 
bate afide, it was dropt for that Time. 

Auguft 4. A Bill was brought in by the Lord 
Falkland, and once read, For Continuance of Mo- 
ney at Six Pounds Intereft by the Hundred ; and no 
greater Brokerage for it than Five Shillings, or for 
the Continuance. 

This Day alfo the Buflnefs of the Court of Wards 
was afTumed ; when Sir Dudley North fpoke againft 
the Proportion fet upon CambridgeflAre^ and defired 
it might be raifed by a Pound-Rate. Sir William 
D'Oiley fpoke in the Behalf of Norfolk, which was 
extremely over-rated, and was for a Pound-Rate. 
Sir William Morrice was againft any Perfon's pay- 
ing to this Tax, but fuch as fhould receive Benefit 

thereby ; 

Of ENGLAND. 415 

thereby j faying, That a Pound -Rate was a very An. i*. dr.Ii, 

injurious and a partial Way. Mr. Holies, on the l66 - 

contrary, was for a Pound -Rate ; but to laft only. **~^^* 

for three Years, by way of Probation. Mr. Piere- 

point fpoke alfo, as well as feveral others, for the 

Pound-Rate. Sir Anthony AJhley Cooper againft it, 

becaufe it excluded all Eftates, in Money or Stock, 

which ought to pay. On the whole, after four 

Hours Debate, fays the Diary, it was refolved to 

refer it to the Members of the Houfe that were of 

the King's Council. 

The Committee on the Minifters Bill fat again 
in the Afternoon of this Day, when only two Que- 
ftions were agreed to be put : The firft was, That 
all fuch as have been ordained by Bifhops, or Bi- 
ihops and Preibyters, or Prefbyters alone, before 
the 25th of December laft, {hall continue in their 
Livings, it was ordered accordingly. The next 
Queftion, Whether voluntary Refignation fliould be 
inierted, was agreed to, as well as the former, with- 
out any Divifion. 

On the 6th of Auguft^ Serjeant Maynard moved 
in the Houfe, That, out of the Impropriations of 
Bifhops, Deans and Chapters, there might be an 
Augmentation allowed to the Minifters that ferved 
the Cure ; many of which, he faid, wanted Shoes 
and Stockings. This was feconded by Sir Allen 
Broderick, who fpoke in Behalf of the poor Clergy. 
Whereupon it was voted, That a Stop fhould be 
put to all Biftiops, &c, from granting any Eftates 
whilft the Bill was under Confideration. Voted 
alfo, That Confideration mould be had of poor Mi- 
nifters, who ferved in Parifhes where great Impro- 
priations were belonging to other Eccleiiaftical Per- 

The Committee of Sales fat in the Afternoon ofSeveral Votes OB 
this Day, when feveral important Votes were car- ths 
ried on this nice Affair. The firft Vote was, That 
no Perfon that fat on the King's Life or Death 
fhould enjoy any Lands belonging to the Church, 
which they had bought. Voted alfo, That none 


416 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car. II. of the Committee of Safety, who fat in the Year 
1660. 1659, fhould have the Benefit of the Bill in the 
< v*- ' Sale. Voted alfo, That none who had abjured the 
Auguft. King, or the Line of King 'James. Voted again, 
That none who joined with Lambert fince the 2 1 ft 
of February laft, nor he himfelf, fhould have any 
Benefit by the Sale of the Clergy's Lands. Voted, 
That none of the twenty Perfons exempted in the 
Adi of Indemnity fhall have Benefit of their Pur- 
chafes ; nor any claiming from, by, or under them. 
Voted likewife, That no Perfon that fat in the Par- 
liament from the i8th of January y 1648, to the 
2Oth of ApriL 1653, fhould have their Eftates con- 
firmed. Alfo, That no Perfon that fat in any High 
Court of Juftice, or executed any Warrant under 
them, fhould have any Benefit of the Bill. Nor no 
Major-General nor Decimator acting under them. 
No Perfon that was of Oliver Cromwell's Council, 
or exercifed a Legiflative Power under him. All 
thofe who fat in that Convention which was fum- 
moned by Cromwell in 1653, without Election of the 
People. None who had been Commiflioners for the 
Sale of Church Lands, or the Officers under them 
who purchafed any fuch Lands ; nor any one of the 
Committee ot Obftruclions, or their Officers. Laftly, 
That no one who was of the Convention, called a 
Parliament, in 1656, when the A6t of Renunciation 
was made. Thefe, and all thefe, were voted to be 
excepted to have any Benefit by the A& in regard 
to their feveral Purchafes. 

The fame Day the foregoing Votes were com- 
municated to the Houfe by Mr. Raynesford, along 
with thefe Rei< lutions : That the Direction of the 
Houfe be defired, what Satisfaction fhould be given 
to the Purchafers of the King's Lands and Queen's 
Jointure : That divers Leafes were made by Ec- 
clefiaftical Perfons ; and now, that they had the 
Bill under Confideration, they defired the Direction 
of the Houfe, what (hould be done in that Affair ; 
on which the Houfe made the following Refolu- 
tions, viz. 

* Refolved, That it is the Opinion of this Houfe, 


Of E N G L A N D. 417 

that all Archbifhops, Bifhops, Deans, Deans andAn. 12. Car. II. 
Chapters, Prebends, and other Ecclefiaftical Per- l66o> 
fons, be reftrained from making any Leafes or ^T V T^* - ' 
Grants of any the Lands, Rectories, or Tythes, or. 
other Profits belonging to any their Offices or 
Churches, untill the Bill for Sales, now depending 
before this Houfe, receive Determination.' 

' Ordered, That a Committee be appointed to 
prepare and bring in a Bill for that Purpofe : And 
that Serjeant Maynard, Mr. Prynne, Mr. Allen, 
Sir Thomas Widdringtcn, Sir Heneage Finch, Mr. 
Charlton, Serjeant Hales, Sir Edward Turner, Mr. 
Goodrick, Serjeant Glyn, Mr. Bamfield, Mr. Raynes- 
ford, or any three of them, be of the faid Commit- 
tee : And they are to meet To-morrow Morning in 
the Speaker's Chamber.' 

* Refolved, That it be referred to the Grand 
Committee, to whom the Bill for Sales is commit- 
ted, to receive Propofals from any the Purchafers of 
the Eftates of Bimops, and others, Ecclefiaftical 
Perfons, and from any the Ecclefiaftical Perfons 
themfelves, or from any others, touching Satisfac : 
tion to be given to the Purchafers of any public 
Lands; and, on Consideration thereof, to report 
their Opinion to the Houfe. 

c Refolved, That it be referred to the faid Grand 
Committee, to confider of fettling a competent 
Maintenance and Encouragement out of any im- 
propriate or appropriate Reclories whatfoever, be- 
longing to Ecclefiaftical Perfons, for thofe who (hall 
officiate in the Cures of fuch Rectories.' 

But the King, hearing of thefe Ecclefiaftical Or- 
ders from the Houfe of Commons, thought fit to 
take the Matter into his own Hands, and accord- 
ingly fent a Meflage the next Day, Auguft the yth, 
by Sir Alien Broderick, to acquaint the Houfe, That 
his Majefty had wrote to the fcveral Bifhops, Deans 
and Chapters, not to lett Leafes of any impro- 
priate Tythes, 'till Maintenance was fettled on the 
feveral Vicarages or Curacies, where no Vicarage 
was endowed to the Value of 80 /. per Ann, or more. 
Then the King's Letters to the Purport aforefaid 
VOL. XXII. D d was 

4i 8 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. n. Car. II. was read. The Houfe afterwards ordered, That the 
1660. Members who were of his Majefty's Privy Council, 

* "-v~ "J and S\r Allen Broderick, fhould prefent to his Majefty 
Augulh the humble Thanks of the Houfe for his gracious 
MefTage, communicated by Sir Allen Broderick, and 
the great Joy they take in the Goodnefs and Favour 
therein exprefled to his People. And ordered alfo, 
That both the Meffage and Letter (hould be enter'd 
in the Journals of the Houfe. 

The fame Day the Committee for Minifters fat 
again, and made fome further Progrefs in that Bill ; 
as, that it was voted, That no Minifter was to hold 
two Livings : No fcandalous Perfon to be confirmed 
or reftored : None to be allowed any Fifths, but 
fuch as had Orders and Ordinances for them : And 
none to be allowed Delapidations, or to be conii- 
dered for them. 

Auguft 9. Mr. Annejley acquainted the Houfe, 
That he was commanded by his Majefty to let them 
know in what a fad Condition the Army and Navy 
were thro' Want of Money ; the Army, for \Vant 
of Pay, near neceffitatcd to Free-Quarter, and the 
Seamen ready to be in a Flame. On which Mef- 
fage the Commons refolved to fend another to the 
Lords to defire a Conference; but, before this Refo- 
lution was agreed on, a notable Debate arofe, which 
we find thus entered in our Diary : 

Mr. Anncj'ey, in communicating the King's laft 
Meflage, u.ped the great Neceffity there was for 
Money, and defired that a Committee of Members 
might he fent into the City for the Loan of 1 00,000 /. 
to be paid out of the firft Money raifed by the Poll 
Bill : This Motion was feconded by Sir Anthony 
AJhley Cooper. Sir William Wylde faid, He thought 
the City would not lend it untill the Bill of Indem- 
nity was pafs'd. Sir Heneage Finch moved to try 
the City, however, on the Poll Bill ; and faid, Ha 
thought the City would lend it rather than venture 
new Broils, which might be feared. Sir John 
Northed was for pafling the Bill of Indemnity "firft, 
and to petition the King that he would pafs a Par- 

Of E N G L A N D. 419 

don alfo to the Commons, and leave out the Lords An, 12. Car. II. 

if they would not fpeed the Bill. Sir William Lewis , l66o> 

To acquaint the Lords with the King's Meflage ; < ""^ v ^""^ 

which, he faid, would occafion them to haiten it. 

Sir Edward Turner moved for defiring the Lords to 

join fome of the Members of this Houfe to go up 

into the City. Sir Thomas Bludworth was not for 

fending into the City, for Fear of a Refufal. Mr. 

Stevens fpoke for fpeeding the Pardon Bill, and to 

fend the Lords a fmart Meflage about it. Mr. 

Prynne, for fending up the Mellage, and moved 

againft any more lifting of Soldiers. At laft Sir 

Anthony Irby moving for a Conference with the 

Lords, it was ordered accordingly, and Heads to be 

drawn up for that Purpofe. The Heads here fpoken 

of in the Diary are all entered in the Journals ; but 

as they are given before in the Report made in the 

Houfe of Lords, of what pafled at this Conference, 

the Repetition is avoided. 

On Saturday, Augujl u, the long-look'd-for Bill The Pardon Bill 
of Indemnity was brought down from the Lords byj ent , down jy the 

TI ff 'fj ITJ en- 7> i /- i Lords to the 

judge Twijden and Judge Tyrrell, with feveral Commons, and 
Amendments and Alterations. their Debate up- 

The Commons went immediately upon it ; and, onit 
firft, voted to agree with the Lords for pardoning 
the Arrears of Papifts on Sequeftration, and Mr. 
Tburloe. Upon the Lords excepting all the King's 
Judges, Sir George Booth flood up in Behalf of thofe 
who came in upon the Proclamation : He produced 
two Papers in Favour of the Lord Grey of Grooby, to 
teftify his Penitence for his being againft the King, 
and moved to have his Name left out of the Bill. 
Col. King moved to agree with the Lords in ex- 
cepting all ; which was followed by Mr. Thomas. 
Sir William Lewis, Mr. Harris, Mr. Knight ley, and 
Sir 'John Bowyer, were for adhering to their former 
Vote. Sir Heneage Finch was not for adhering wholly, 
nor for agreeing ; but, to falve all, he was for ba- 
nifhing thofe who were not executed. Sir Anthony 
Irby moved for a Conference with the Lords, con- 
cerning thofe that furrendered. Mr. Annejley was 
D d 2 for 

420 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. for adhering to thofe that came in, and a Confe- 
1660. rence for the reft. In the End, it was voted to ad- 
here to thofe that furrendered. 


On the next Meeting, dugujl 13, the Debate 
was re-affumed, on the Lords Amendments to the 
Bill of Indemnity ; in which the Lords had ex- 
cepted divers for Life, which this Houfe referred 
only to further Pains and Penalties, not extending 
to Life. The Houfe agreed with the Lords in par- 
doning Sir Gilbert Pickering and Thomas Lifter, Efq; 
And for the other twenty-four in that Ciaffis, it was 
carried to adhere to their former Vote about them, 
as to Pains, C3Y. Voted alfo, To agree \vith the 
Lords to except Col. Hacker for Life; which they 
had added to the Bill. A Queftion was put, Whe- 
ther to acree with the Lords in pardoning Mr. Len- 
ihjIL and the other fifteen In that Claims, the Houfe 
divided upon it; when, according to the Journals, 
the Yeas carried it by 197 againft 102. Mr. Hslles 
and Mr. Secretary Man-ice, Tellers for the Yeas; 
Sir Daniel Harvey and Col. King for the Noes. 

A MeiTage from theLords interrupted, for a while, 
the lusher Proceeding on this Bill; which was to 
defire a free and prefent Conference concerning the 
k-fr, about borrowing iOO,oco/. of the City, and 
ievcral ctiier Things. Ordered, That a Committee 
be iKin~:f'd to join with the Lords to go into the City 
about the Money, and to ajiree to the Conference. 

This Matter being over, the Commons fell again 
on the former Bill; and our Diary tells us that an- 
other Quf:.lion was ilarted, Whether to agree with 
the I-ords about the excepting of Lambert, Vane, 
J-faJilrigge, and Axtcll, or to adhere to their former 
Vote, as to Pains and Penalties not extending to 
Life ; voted to adhere. Col. Scraps, whom the 
Lords had alfo excepted, was voted to come off for 
a "Year's Value of his Eitate. Col. JVauton, with 
the others of that ClaiTis, whom the Lords had con- 
demned for Life, the Commons reprieved for Pains 
and Penalties : But then they voted, That all the 
foregoin-j Peifons, as well as thofe who fat in any 


Of E N G L A N D. 421 

High Court of Jullice, fhould never .bear any Office, An. 12. Car. n. 
Civil or Military, in the Kingdom. In this Debate j66ci - 
the Diary informs us, That Col. Shapcot^ fpeaktng v - v '. 
in Favour of the High Court of Juftice Men, was 
charged by Qo\. Jones with being one himfelf. To 
which Shapcot replied, That if Col. Jones was nof 
careful of other Men's Credit, he denred he would 
be fo of his own; and denied that he ever fat in any. 


Auguft 14. The Bill for Confirmation of Judicial Debate on Rel 
Proceedings was brought down to the Commons. S' on rer 
The fame Day Sir Heneage Finch moved the Houfe 
to rc-cornmit the Bill for Minifters, and a Provifo 
to be added, That no Ordination by Prefbyters 
Ihould be a Precedent for the future; and moved alib 
in Behalf of Pluralities ; to moderate Ceremonies ; 
and that no Man fliould have Benefit of that ACT, 
who did not conform to the Government of the 
Church after Chrifttnas next. Sir Roger Palmer and 
Mr. Harris feconded the Motion of Sir Heneage 
Finch. Mr. S win fen and Sir "John Northcot were for 
pafling the Bill as it was. Mr. Prynne faid, It was 
a Scandal to our Religion to have theMiniftcrs that 
were ordained by Prefbyters to be re-ordained by Bi- 
fhops. Sir "John Mafliam deiired to take the fir ft Pa- 
ragraph of the Bill into Confideration ; which was, 
That the confirming of Miniiters in their Cures was 
for the Peace of the Nation, which he thought not. 
Mr. Charlton moved for a Conformity. Mr. Bainfield^ 
Not to admit the Scandalous and Ignorant to the 
Sacrament; and moved to agree with the Com- 
:nittee. Sir Richard Temple > To re-commit the Bill. 
This Debate was interrupted by a Meflage from the 
Lords to defire a prefent Conference ; which was 
agreed to, and this to be poilponed 'till the next 

Augufl 15. The Conference began upon the 
Subjecl-Matter ot the Poll Bill ; and, after its 
being ended, Mr. Holies reported the Subftance 
of the Conference deiired by the Lords Yeficr- 
dav ; being, in Efrect, as followed! : fc That it w-s 
D d 3 only 

422 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i2. Car.ll.only concerning the Poll Bill; wherein the Lords 
1660. offered fome Confiderations of theirs, to which we 
^ \r~ * thought we had no Power to make a Reply. The 
Auguft. L or d-Chancellor began, and told us, The Lords 
defired this Conference, in order to the paffingof the 
Poll Bill ; and that fome Lords were appointed to 
acquaint us with the Particulars their Lord{hips had 
under Confederation, which he left to them to com- 

Report of aCon- The Lord Mohun began, and faid, c He was to 
ference on Popiih offer fomethino; concerning the Claufe about double 
Rscufants, &c. p a y me nts by Popifh Recufants, and fuch as refufe 
the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance ; which 
Oaths, he faid, were fettled by Parliament, both as 
to the Perfons to whom they are to be administered, 
and the Perfons .to adminifter them : And to alter 
the Lr.w on a fudden, efpecially fince the fame 
trenches on the Privileges of the Peers, their Lord- 
fhips could not agree to it. He added, That the 
Perfons who are, by that Claufe, to take the faid 
Oaths were of two Sorts ; one, thofe who were of 
the fame Religion with us, and differ only in Cir- 
cumftances, as, particularly, fcrupling Oaths ; and 
to make that Diftintion now, their Lordfhips 
thought it might occafion Trouble, and thwart the 
Bill of Indemnity, when it is the Care and Endea- 
vour of both Houfes to unite all. For the Popifh 
Recufants, he faid, They were by Law liable to pay 
two Thirds of their Eftates ; and now, to charge 
the remaining one Third with a double Payment, it 
might amount to a fixth Part of that; which is more 
than the Laws require j and fo is not reafonable to 
be impofed.' 

Then my Lord Finch told us, * He was to move 
fomething concerning a Claufe, in which a former 
Alteration was offered by their Lordfhips, about the 
naming of Conamiflioners for the Cinque Ports ; 
which, he faid, were Towns in two Counties, 
Kent and Su/Jex, and have a peculiar Jurifdiclion 
among themfelves, the Counties not having to do 
with them, nor they with the Counties at large ; 
and that the Alteration defired by their Lordfhips 

Of E N G L A N D. 423 

was more in Circumftance than in Subftance, be- An. 12. Car. II. 
ing only to authorize Commiflioners within the faid 1660. 
Ports, for that they had appropriate Jurifdidions of ^^*T 
their own j and therefore their Lordfhips hoped this 
Houfe would agree to the Alterations, being now 
fent in Paper, as they were before in Parchment.' 

After him the Lord Roberts told us, ' That, 
what he was to offer, he was aflured this Houfe 
would agree : For that, as to the Lords to name 
Commiflioners in this Bill, they had done it in the 
late Bill of Afleflments for 70,000 /. by the Month, 
and in the former Poll, and then there was noQue- 
ftion made, and therefore the Lords hope it will not 
be queftioned now : Which Names they have fent 
down in Paper, as they were formerly fent in Parch- 
ment ; the fame relating to the County of Corn- 

Then my Lord Wbarton faid, < The lafl Provifo 
annexed by the Lords to the Bill, was for the aflef- 
fmg of the Peers; and, if that i'hould be omitted, the 
Peers might be aflefled by the Commoners, which is 
againft the Liberty and Privilege of the Peers; and 
therefore they had fent down the Names of fome 
Peers, in Paper, to be inferted in that Provifo.' 

And, when that was done, the Lord Finch flood 
up as;ain, and faid, * He had omitted one Thing for 
the adding, to one Claufe, thefe Words, ' Except 
' they be Peers of the Realm ;' which were mif- 
placed in the Amendments formerly fent down, but 
are now put in their proper Places.' 

On this Report, a Debate enfued in the Com-^ ebate on thc 
mons, Whether to agree with the Lords or not. aine * 
Sir Thomas Wroth was for having no Papift to be a 
CommilTioner of the Poll Bill. Sir Thomas Clarges 
feconded him. Mr. Allen faid, If Religion was in 
Queftion he knew how to act ; but when it was only 
a Matter of Jufcice, he knew no Reafon why they 
fhould be excluded, or why pay double. Mr. Tre- 
vor faid, He knew no Reafon why Money fliould be 
the Penalty of not taking the Oaths ; and moved to 
agree with the Lords, that the Papifts {hould not pay 
double. Sir Anthony Irby? Sir John Northcot, and 


424 ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. Col. King, were for adhering to their former Vote, 
1660. unlefs the Papifts would take the Oaths ; and the 
v V ' fccond Man moved to have the Laws put in Execu- 
Auguft> tion againft them. On the other Side, Mr. Clifford 
faid, That it was like the Egyptians to lay a double 
Tafk and take av/ay the Straw; and moved to agree. 
Mr. Howard, for the Papifts, urged their conftant 
Allegiance to the King ; and faid, their {ingle Oath 
of Allegiance to the King was a Cord that tied them 
fafter to him than any others who were bound by 
both the Oaths, which was a double Cord. Lord 
Bruce and Mr. Knight ley were for agreeing. Mr. 
Charlton was not for impofmg the Oaths upon the 
Peers, but for all others to pay double. Serjeant 
IWaynardwas for agreeing with the Lords, and neither 
to impofe the Oaths nor pay double. There was 
only Sir ff/illiam Temple againft this ; and Sir Wil- 
liam A'lorrice, fpeaking as to the Sufficiency of the 
Oath of Allegiance, the Queftion was put, Whether 
to agree with the Lords ; and it was carried, with- 
out any Divifion, to agree. 

Augnji 1 6. The Bill, intituled, An Att for a 
perpetual Anniverfary Thankfgiving on the Twenty- 
ninth of May, paffed the Koufe of Commons, and 
was carried t:p to the Lords by Air. Prynne. 

The Bill of Indemnity, with fuch Alterations as 
the Commons thought fit to make in the Amend- 
ments of the Lords, had been return'd to that Houfe; 
and this Day their Lordfhips fent to defire a free 
and fpeedy Conference about it: Which being agreed 
to and ended, the Commons ordered, That the Re- 
port of this Conference fhould be made to them the 
next Day. Accordingly, 

Auguft 17. Sir Heneage Finch reported, That, 
A R- r>t f accor ^ in g to l ^ e Commands of this Houfe, the Com- 
Conference be- mM e ~ attended the Lords at a Conference Yefter- 
tw-ren the two day ; and that the Subftance of the faid Conference 

Ho.,fes about the was as foUoweth : 

4 That the Hatter thereof was about the Bill of 
Indemnity : To {hew wherein they did adhere to 


Of E N G L A N D. 425 

their former Amendments; and wherein they 
a^ree with the Alterations made by this Houfe. 1660. 

c That the Lord Finch did manage the Conference V~ v ~, 
for the Houfe of Peers : And was pleafed to tell us, 
in the firft Place, That, in the Claufe concerning 
Ireland, they were willing to agree with this Houfe, 
with fome Amendments ;' (which the Reporter did 
particularly open ; and are fpecified in a Paper, then 
delivered, to be communicated to this Houfe ;)--' and 
thefe being agreed, it will comprehend their agree- 
ing to fome other Words in the Bill, touching his 
Majefty's Dominions. 

4 His Lordfhip told us, That, to that Claufe, in 
the ninth Skin, the firft Line, which concerns feve- 
ral Perfons that were Judges of his late Majefty, 
they adhered, as they formerly fent it down ; that 
is, to the blotting out of that Claufe, whereby 
they were referved to future Penalties ; and to the 
excepting of them for Life, for which he offered 
fome Reafons, That though it be true we are now 
upon an A& of Indemnity and Oblivion, yet, they 
hoped, we would not make it an A6t of Oblivion 
of our Duty to God, the King, and the Safety and 
Honour of the Kingdom. 

4 He took Notice, That this Kingdom having; now 
arrived to a Miracle of Prefervation when the Pit of 
Deftruction was open, and the Privileges thereof, 
in all the Parts of them, invaded ; when the Mur- 
der of the King; had been committed, againft all 
the Laws of God and Man : This ought to ftir up 
in us a Senfe more than ordinary ; and, therefore, 
he thought it fit for us to confider our Duty to the 
King, a* gracious Prince, and a Prince endeared to 
us by the miraculous Prefervation of his Perfon by 
the Hand of Heaven ; a Prince that had fuffered 
great" Afflictions, like Jofepb in Egypt^ lying long 
in Fetters ; and that fuch as entered into his Soul, 
j'ke Davi'l^ when he was hunted as a Partridge in 
the Wildcrnefs ; and that had received Deliverance 
like to that of David's and Joffph's, being both in 
the thirtieth Year of their Age : And the Afflictions 


426 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i*. Car. II. that befell this good King, were the Effects of the 

1660. Counfels of thefe Men that are now in Queftion. 
*--"V- *> < He faid, We are next to confider the Safety of 
Auguft. t ^ e Kingdom : Their Lordfhips did not think it fit 
nor fafe for this Kingdom, that they fliould live : 
Here they cannot live, nor abroad with Safety j for 
Danger to a Kingdom is not always within Doors : 
Their Life may give them Opportunity of tampering 
to the working of Mifchief abroad. Then for the 
Honour of the Kingdom ; firft, in Point of Juftice, 
Blood requires Blood ; and he inftanced in the Gi- 
beonites^ the Shedding of their Blood could not be 
expiated but by the Shedding of Blood. 

' He took Notice, That his Majefty's Honour was 
concerned in the Infamy, which the Shedding of 
that Royal Blood hath brought upon this Nation, in 
the Eyes of foreign Nations ; and that this is the 
only Opportunity to take it off. 

' He took Notice of an Objection, from the Pro- 
clamation, iffued by his Majefty, on the Defire of 
both Houfes ; and, before he gave Anfwer to that, 
he obferved the wonderful Moderation the King and 
Houfe of Peers had fhewed in their Proceeding to- 
wards the Punimment of Offenders at this Time. 
His Lordfhip obferved, That to petition to bring a 
King to Juftice ; to fummon him to Juftice ; to fit 
upon him, when he was fummoned to Juftice ; and 
to abufe the People by Suggeftions that might lead 
them to approve this Action, made them fo crimi- 
nal, as none could excufe them : Thefe Proceedings 
were all High Treafon in themfelves ; and yet all 
thefe are pretermitted in the At of Oblivion : Thefe 
are thofe who murdered his Roya! Father; thofe that 
fcntenced him, and figned the Warrant : Which 
Moderation he made Ufeof tofhew, that they mis;ht 
have been more ft rich in this Cafe. And to the Ob- 
jeftion from the Proclamation, he faid, Something 
fure was intended by it : But, firft. The Proclama- 
tion was but negative in the Words of it ; and that 
which can be gathered from it, is only Implications 
out of a Negative. He took Notice how the Pro- 

Of E N G L A N D. 427 

clamation runs ; firft, * That becaufe divers Perfons An. it. Car. II. 
are fled from Juftice, that they cannot be brought 1660. 
to a legal Trial, therefore they are fummoned to L -~~ v- ^ 
render themfelves :' Whence it was argued, That Au s uft 
the Meaning thereof was fuitable to the Recital, 
* To bring them to Juftice.' 

' He obferved, That this Proclamation calls in, 
among the reft, Lijle and Say : It might have added 
Baxter and Scott ; and yet none will fay it intended 
to pardon them : Therefore, he gathered, there could 
not be fuppofed an abfolute Intention in that Procla- 
mation to pardon all that came in upon it : For the 
very Perfons inftanced in, had they come in, had 
yet not been pardoned. He obferved, That the Pro- 
clamation fays, they muft come in, under Pain of 
being excepted from Pardon and Indemnity, for 
Life and Eftate ; and that we ourfelves had refol- 
ved to confifcate their Eftates, not with ft and ing the 
rendering of themfelves : And thence his Lordfhip 
argued thus : If it be juft to take away their Eftates, 
it is as juft to take away their Lives : If it be not juft 
to take away their Lives, then it is not juft to take 
away their Eftates. His Lordfliip faid further, If 
thefe Perfons, thus excepted for Life and Eftate, 
fhould, by us, be not excepted for Life, but fub- 
jected only to future Penalties, then theConfequence 
would be, that we fhall adhere to the Pardon of 
fome to Life, who are more guilty a great deal 
than fome of the Perfons whom we have excepted 
for Life ; fome of them having been at all the Sit- 
tings on the King, diligent Attendants thereon all 
the while ; fome of them defigning the Place of 
Slaughter before his own Houfe. It is true, he faid, 
the Thrones of Kings are eftablifhed by Judgment 
and Mercy ; but Mercy had been ihewed already, 
and nothing remains now for Support of his Throne 
but Juftice : And therefore his Lordfhip concluded 
this Point with Advice, Let the Wickednefs of thefe 
Men fall on their own Heads j but let the Throne of 
cur King be eftablifocd for ever. 

* To the Exception of the four Perfons that fol- 
low in the Claufe concerning Vane^ Lambert, &c. 


428 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. they alfo adhere, that they fliould fiand excepted for 
Life : His Lordfhip faid, indeed, they were not ex- 
cepted as Murderers ; but he took Notice, that the 
King, of whofe Wifdom none can or doth doubt, and 
of whofe Wifdom, he knows, this Houfe hath as 
great a Veneration as any, his Majefty himfelf, 
fitting the Parliament, (who could not but take No- 
tice of it) thought fit to commit thefe Perfons to the 
Tower of London * * * * a intimated, by fome Let- 
ters of his Majefty's in Print, ' If there be Perfons 
dangerous to the Safety of the Nation ;' and, as 
fuch, he looked on thefe : But he faid withall, if they 
were capable of Mercy, no Queftion but the King, 
the Fountain of Mercy, would extend it to them. 
In the mean Time, their Lordfhips thought it fit to 
leave them to the Mercy of the King, and fo he 
hoped this Houfe will too. 

' To the Exception of thofe other four Perfons, 
that fat in the feveral High Courts of Juftice, their 
Lordfhips alfo adhere. He obferved, It was fome 
Moderation in the Houfe of Peers, that they take no 
more than one a-piece. He faid this was done among 
them fuddenly, and at the Table, without Confe- 
rence with any other Perfons, or meditating a Re- 
venge, to fhew the Candour and Plainnefs of their 
Proceedings : He confefTed, it was equal and juft, 
there fhould be a like Expiation for the Breach 
made on the Privilege of the Commons, and that 
fome Perfons fhould be excepted on their Account : 
But their Lordfhips were as careful of the Privileges 
of this Houfe as of their own, and having more 
Reafon to expect it from us, than to fend it to us, 
therefore they omitted that. 

' To the Provifo, whereby the Sixteen are fent 
down under an Incapacity of all public Employment, 
their Lordfhips do agree, being content to acquiefce 
in their incapacitating only ; and to omit the ad- 
journing of them to future Pains and Penalties.' 

After the hearing of this long Report, the Corn- 
mono read over the Amendments the Lords had a 


Of E N G L A N D. 429 

fecond Time made in the Bill, and a long Debate An. 12. Car. IT. 
enfued upon them, which we give from the Diary. l66 - 

Sir William IVylde* Recorder of London^ faid, U ^ / ^T J 
That he was not convinced by what had been read, 
nor could he concur with the Lords, fo as to except A j Debate 
all the King's Judges for Life, becaufe of the Pro- on the fame, 
clamation. Mr. Stevens, Col. Shapcot, Mr. Trevor, 
and Sir 'John Boiuyer, moved to adhere to their for- 
mer Vote. Sir John Northcot, to petition the King. 
On the other Side, Sir Allen Broderick was for agree- 
ing with the Lords. Mr. Charlton faid, He did not 
underftand how a Vote of the Houfe {hould be a 
Contract, becaufe they broke it as to Vane and Lam- 
bert ; , Haftlrigge and Axtell\ and was for agreeing 
with the Lords. Sir Edivard Turner faid, They 
were between two Rocks, the Honour of that Houfe, 
and the Defire of the Lords ; that they were Ma- 
ilers of their own Votes, and had pardoned Thurloe^ 
whom before we condemned, and added Hacker^ 
who they never thought on : He alfo was for agree- 
ing. Mr. Annefley faid, He would willingly do Ju- 
ftice for the King's Blood, and yet preferve the Ho- 
nour of the Houfe, and moved for a Committee to 
recollect and itate all that had been done in it before. 
Sir Heneage Finch put a Queftion to the Houfe, Whe- 
ther it was better to venture the Shipwreck of the 
whole Veffel, or throw a few over-board ? And 
faid, That if they fpared their Lives they could not 
take one Acre of their Eftates by the Proclamation. 
He added, That if any one of them (hould fly to a 
foreign Prince, the War would be juft if that Prince 
v/ould not render him up : That it was for the Safety 
of the Nation to throw Shcba's Head over the Wall : 
And, laftly, That the fparing of thefe People was the 
way to lofe the Acl of Oblivion to all ; for who would 
think themfelves obliged, when every one was par- 
doned ; therefore he was for agreeing with the Lords. 
Mr. Prynne argued, That he was for excepting all 
:>.t firft, and was fo ftill ; and if they were not all 
fo, they themfelves muft be guilty of the King's 
Blood, thofe being fuch horrid Traitors as never yet 
were known: That our Oaths bound us much more 


43 tt* Parliamentary HISTORV 

Aa.i2. Car. II. than our Votes, which we alter daily: What would 
1*-' . the World fay of us, adds he, but call us Regicides ? 

'""'.Au'uft ^"^ k^ They were bound, in Confcience and Ho- 
nour, to agree with the Lords. Sir Richard Temple 
intimated a Defire to agree with the Lords; but did 
not conclude pofitivcly, but left it to the Judgment 
of the Houfe. Sir George Ryves and Col. Jones 
fpoke alfo for agreeing ; but Mr. Swinftn and Mr. 
Allen were for referring it to a Committee to ftate 
the Matter of Fact, and confider the former De- 
bates of the Houfe about it. Col. King faid, Tho' 
they.pafied a Vote for feven, the Lords did not; and 
moved to have a greater Regard for their own Safeties 
than for fuch Men, and therefore to agree with the 
Lords. Sir Dudley North fpoke for the fame ; left, as 
he faid, it fhould retard the whole Bill ; but then to 
enter the Vote in the Journal^ that it was only done 
for that End; and to petition the King to extend 
Mercy to thole that came in upon the Proclamation. 
Serjeant Hales was the laft Speaker in this Debate ; 
who faid, That there never was fo high a Ciime 
committed : That, if there was a Caufe {hewn by the 
Lords, they muft alter their Vote; but theQueftion 
was, Whether the Lords had ihewn that Caufe ? 
liut the Cafe, he faid, wa^ here, That now they were 
in their Power they could not let them go; and 
moved to hnve a true Reprefentation of the Matter 
of Fact, and then to judge : Upon which a Com- 
mittee was oideied accordingly. 

The next Day this long and tedious Debate in 
the Houfe of Commons was again re-aflumed ; 
when Sir IViUiain Wylde, Recorder, from the Com- 
mittee, made a Report concerning the Bill of In- 
demnity, and the Examination of the Paflages 
therein. To which Mr. Alien faid, That he was 
not in the Houfe when the firft Vote was made ; 
bnt that the Fact of taking off the King; was moft 
barbarous, and the not blinking thofe Men to Ju- 
ftice would retard the Adi: But then, on the other 
Side, the Honour of the Houie was to be prefer- 
ved by re a Con of the Proclamation; and yet nei- 

Of E N G L A N D. 431 

ther the Vote nor Proclamation were fo binding, An. 12. Car. II. 
but the Houfe might agree with the Lords ; for j66 - 
the Proclamation did not exprefs Mercy to thofe v v ^-* 
that came in : Yet, he added, they did come in upon Au i uft ' 
that Proclamation, and therefore he moved to have 
thofe pardoned ; fo was for adhering. Sir Harry 
North replied and faid, That had he a Brother, or 
an only Son, he would not fpare him in fuch a Cafe: 
That the Vote was not binding, becaufe it was re- 
lative as to the Lords ; and, for the Proclamation, 
he faid, they fhould be favoured in their Eftates for 
their Wives and Children, but not for their Lives ; 
and concluded for agreeing with the Lords. Mr. 
Knight fpoke for an Agreement alfo, faying, That 
thefe People's Lives were but as a Bucket of Water 
to the Ocean, in regard of fo many more as were to 
receive Benefit by the Act of Pardon. Mr. Young 
fuid, It would be a miferable Thing if the Act fliould 
be hindered by not agreeing with the Lords ; but 
yet, the Vote of the Houfe being pafs'd, he thought 
it was obligatory, efpecially as the General himfelf 
had moved fo earnestly in their Behalfs : That he 
could not recede from his Vote; but defired to have 
another Conference with the Lords. Sir Allen Bro- 
derick was for putting it to a Queftion. Mr. Thur- 
land faid, The Votes of the Houfe were alterable, 
without Breach of Honour or Truft : And, for the 
Proclamation, it was no Law nor a Contract, and 
their coming in was but ex debito Jitftitits ; and 
moved for taking their Lives, but to be favourable 
to their Eftates. Col. King faid, Their coming in 
upon the Proclamation was, that God had infatu- 
ated them to bring them tojuftice; qul Jupiter vult 
perdere prius elemental ; and that they were not in- 
jured by the Houfe. 

Here the Debate was interrupted by the Bill for 
continuing the Excife, which was to end that Day; 
after which it was re-aflumed in the Manner fol- 
lowing : 

Sir Edmund 'Jer.n:-^ fpoke for adhering to their 
former Vote. Mr. Swinfen faid, That he defired 
to be rightly underitood, that no one who fpoke in 


432 7#* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car.n Behalf of th^fe Men, fhould be thought to allow of 
1660. tne j r jr a . Du t; w hat he foke was for the Honour 

O f the Houfe : That the Proclamation was obiiga- 
tory, though there was no pofitive Promife in it; 
yet it was as much Security as that Houfe could 
give; and that it would difcourage all for the future 
Jrom tiufting to any fuch Thing: He therefore 
moved for another Conference with the Lords, and 
to put the Queftion, To agree with them or not. 
Sir Richard Temple was alfo for the Queftion. On 
the contrary, Col. Jones faying, What will the 
World th'ink of 'thofe that fpcak for the King's 
Murdcrets ? Sir John Nortbcot got up, and defired 
he might be called to the Bar, or explain himfelf : 
Upon which the Colonel flood up again and faid, 
lie did not reflect upon any Perfon. 

A Meffage from the Lords interrupted again this 
long Debate ; which was fending down the Bill of 
Excife ; to which they did agree, and defired the 
Houfe to fit a-while, that it might have the King's 
. Confent. - The Debate again. 

Sir Richard Brown, the younger, faid, He was for 
Mercy ; but it was for all the People in the Land, 
r,nd not for fuch horrid Murderers as thefe were; and 
moved to agree with the Lords. Sir George Booth and 
Mr. Prynne were for putting the Queftion. Sirjohn 
jS'ortkcct moved to have a free Conference ; and if 
the Lords would not agree with them, then to agree 
with the Lords as to their Exceptions. Serjeant 
Hales faid, That the Proclamation did not imply 
that thofe who .came in fliould be pardoned, though 
they did prefume upon it ; nor would he plead for 
fuch Offenders, but for the Honour of the King and 
the lioufcs. Adding, That if they had not been in- 
vited by the Proclamation they had been fafe, which 
row they were not ; and to refer them to the King 
was but to take a Thorn out of their own Foot, and 
put it into his : However, he moved for a free Con- 
ference. Sir Heneage Finch faid, It was only Ho- 
nour to obferve the Vote, which pleaded againft Ju- 
ftice. But vvhilft this laft Gentleman was fpeaking, 
fays the Diary, the Gentleman- U{her of the Bhck 


Of ENGLAND. 433 

Rod came to the Door to give Notice that the King An. 12. Car. II. 
was in the Houfe of Lords and expected them ; upon l6 . 6 - 
which the Commons went up with the Bill of Ex- ^'~ *~ ~~* 
cife; to which his Majefty having given his Confent, 
they returned to their Houfe ; where Sir Heneage 
proceeded in his Speech, and concluded for agreeing 
with the Lords. 

The Debate ftill continuing, Col. Birch argued 
for flicking to the Proclamation ; faying, That if he 
ihould give Articles to a Garrifon, he mould think 
himfelf very unworthy to break them. Sir Edward 
Turner anfwered the Colonel, and faid, The King 
might fummons any Perfon that went beyond the 
Sea to come over, and he was not bound to pardon 
him if he did : And, as to Articles, how well thofe 
at Colcbefter were obferved, the Houfe well knew. 
To this, the Diary fays, the Lord Fairfax feemed 
to make a Reply as to excufing that Bufinefs ; but 
it was a Digreffion. At laft Sir John Potts, Mr. 
Holies, and Mr. Harris, moving for another free 
Conference, before any Vote was paffed, it was 
agreed to; and the Managers of it named, who were 
principally thofe who were Speakers in the laft De- 
bate; and the Houfe ordered them to bring in Heads 
for a Conference the next Morning. 

To purfue this Bufinefs to an End, which the 
Reader, by this Time, may well think will never 
be done : We are told, by the Journals, that this 
Day, Auguft 20, Sir William Wylde reported, from 
the Committee, the Heads of a free Conference with 
the Lords; wherein was an Expedient touching a 
Claufe relating to the King's Judges, in the Lords 
Amendment. The Houfe approved of the Heads, 
&c. and a Conference being defired, the fame was 
granted ; and Mr. Annejlcy reported from it, That 
the Committee had offered the Expedient, and ufed 
the Arguments which they were direcled to offer, 
and had left them to their Lordfhips Confidera- 

In the Lords Journals only we find the Subftance 
of what thefe Managers of the Commons had left 

VOL. XXII. E e for 

434 y^e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car. li.for the Lords to confider of, drawn up in the Report 
l66 - made to that Houfe of this Conference, in thefe 

Report of ano- Jugujl 21. The Report was made of the Effect 
ther Conference of the free Conference Yefterday had with the Houfe 
between the two o f Commons, concerning the Bill of Indemnity. 
Bdi'S Pardon The Houfe of Commons fay, That they abhor and 
deleft the horrid Murder of the late King; but they 
hold themfelves bound to infift upon the Number of 
feven to be excepted for Life and Eftate, becaufe 
they conceive that many came in uport the King's 
Proclamation, and they are obliged to confider thofe 
Perfons that came in upon the public Faith, and the 
King's Honour is concerned in it. They faid further, 
That the King's MeiTage from Breda was intended 
to pardon all, excepting fuch Perfons as fliould be 
excepted by Parliament : That the Houfe of Com- 
mons do propound an Expedient, that thofe that 
came in upon the Proclamation fliould ftand in the 
Bill as they are brought up from the Houfe of Com- 
mons, and a Bill to be brought in hereafter to pro- 
ceed againft them as the Parliament fhall think fit, 
both for Life and Eftate. Concerning their Lord- 
fhips excepting Sir Henry Fane, S\r Arthur Hafilrigge, 
Col. Lambert^ and Daniel Axtell, for Life and Eftate, 
the Hcufe of Commons fay there is nothing appears 
to them to give that Sentence upon them; therefore 
they defire that thofe four Perfons may ftand in the 
Claiiis as they came up in the Bill. 

Concerning the four Perfons their Lordfhips had 
excepted for Life and Eftate, upon Account of fenten- 
cing to Death the four Peers, the Houfe of Commons 
iay . One of thofe four is dead, and another is as good 
i;s dead ; and they do not infift upon the {bedding of 
Blood upon the Account of the Death of Com- 
moners, and they hope their Lordfhips would not 
have the Sacrifice of the King's Blood to be mingled 
with any other Blood. 

Concerning the Bufmefs touching Ireland; the 
Houfe of Commons do agree to their Lordfhips Al- 
terations, and they defire that their Lordihjps would 


Of E N G L A N D. 435 

concur with them in the aforefaid Particulars, as they An. 12. Car. II, 
are brought from the Houfe of Commons. 

And, after a long and ferious Debate of this Bufi- L '^*^ J 
nefs, it was ordered, That the Lords who managed 
this free Conference with the Houfe of Commons, 
with the Addition of his Highnefs the Duke of Glou- 
cefter") Earl of Southampton* and the Lord Seymour^ 
fhall meet and confider of Reafons, according to the 
Senfe of this Debate, to be offered at a Conference 
with the Houfe of Commons To-morrow Morning, 
to fortify their Lordfhips Refolutions herein, and to 
offer fuch Expedients as they conceive may tend to 
a good Conclufion of this Bulinefs between the two 
Houfes ; and to report the fame to this Houfe To- 
morrow Morning. 

The next Day, Augujl 22, the Lords fent a Mef- 
fage to the Commons, to defire a prefent free Con- 
ference with them, on the Matter of the laft, rela- 
ting to the Bill of general Pardon and Indemnity ; 
which being paffed, the Day after, Augujl 23, Sir/fe- 
neagc Finch reported the Subftance of the laid Con- 
ference as follows : 

The Conference, he faid, was managed by the Another long 
Lord-Chancellor, who applied his Reafons to thefe one > ftillonlhe 
Heads: fallie ' 

1. ' To the Perfons involved in the Exception for 
Life and Eftate, as Murderers of his late Majefty : 

2. ' To the four that are excepted for Life and 
Eftate, viz. Sir Henry Vane^ Sir Arthur Hafilrigge^ 
Col. Lambert ', and Col. Axtell: 

3. < To thofe who fat in High Courts of Juftice 
upon the Peers. 

' He told us the Lords had weighed the Reafons 
offered from this Houfe, with a great Defire of Con- 
currence, and Willingnefs to retract from their own 
Reafon, if they had found Caufe. His Lordmip 
obferved, the Reafons urged were taken partly from 
his Majefty's Declaration, and partly from the 
Proclamation iffued by Advice of both Houfes. 
He took Notice, that his Majefty had frequently in- 
terpofed, and been follicitous, for the Difpatch of 
E e 2 this 

436 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car. II. this Bill ; yea fo far that (as he exprefled himfelf) 
1660. no guilty Perfon in the Kingdom did more defire 

*~^' 1 " V "r" W the paffing of it than himfelf: And, for the Decla- 
A s ' ration at Breda, he faid it was not to be doubted but 
his Majefty would moft religioufly obferve it. But 
whereas it had been offered that his Majefty ten- 
dered an abfolute Pardon to all Perfons, and that 
the Exception mentioned was in the Nature of a 
Defeasance thereunto; and that, if a Bill had been 
tendered, without an Exception, his Majefty had 
been obliged to pafs it. To that his Lordftiip an- 
fwered, True, it was fo ; and had a Bill been ten- 
dered to the King, without any Exception at all, he 
had been much abfolved by concurring with the 
Houfes, though much againft his Judgment : But 
his Majefty was confident, when he fent that Mef- 
fanje, that we would be as forward to do him and the 
Nation Juftice, as he to defire it: And, withall, he 
defired us to take Notice, that Declaration came in- 
clofed in a Letter, which repofed an intire Confi- 
dence in the Houfes of Parliament j and in which 
there is this Claufe : c If there be a crying Sin for 
e which the Nation may be involved in the Infamy 
' that attended it, we cannot doubt but that you will 
4 be as follicitous to redeem and vindicate the Nation 
* from that Guilt and Infamy, as we can be:' And 
his Lordfhip faid, His Majefty could never doubt 
but the Parliament would have as great Refentment 
of that Parricide, as the Honour and Juftice of the 
Nation is greatly concerned in it. He told us, His 
Majefty (who was duly fenfible of the great Wound 
he received in that fatal Day, when the News of it 
came to the Hague) bore but one Part of the Tra- 
gedy, for the whole World was fenfible of it ; nd 
particularly inftanced, that a Woman at the Hague y 
hearing of it, fell down dead with Aftoniftiment. 
His Lordfhip told us, by the Way, He had the Ho- 
nour to be then employed as the Minifter of his pub- 
lic Affairs, in the Court of Spain; and that the 
King's Majefty, that now is, gave him in fpecial 
Command, and as Part of his inftruclions in that 
Negotiation, that, when he treated with the King 

Of E N G L A N D. 437 

of Spain^ he fhould avow and declare, that the Mur- An, 12. Car. II. 
cler of his Father was not looked upon, by him, as l66 - 
the A6t of the Parliament or the People cf England^ ^^^ 
but of a very wretched and very little Company of 
Mifcreants in this Kingdom: And that his Majefty 
hath the fame Opinion ilill ; not doubting but, if no 
Letter had been fent with the faid Declaration, to 
intimate, by way of Restriction, what Ufe fhould be 
made of his Declaration, yet the Parliament of Eng- 
land would be as foiward to except his Father's 
Murderers from Pardon, as the Thing merits: And 
he defired us to confider, if God had wrought this 
Miracle of Reftitution within a Month, or Year, 
or another ftort Time after the Fa6l committed, 
how full of Zeal, how full of Vengeance, had the 
Spirit of the Nation likely to have been. His Lord- 
Ihip took Notice, That his Majefty's Proclamation 
was prefled, by us, out of a Tendernefs we had to 
the Honour of the Nation, the King, and both 
Houfes of Parliament, which are involved in it; and 
out of a Defire that public Invitations might not 
prove Snares : To which his Lordfhip faid, That 
the Lords themfelves, being involved in the fame 
Honour with us, (aye, and the King too) hope the 
Reafons which did fatisfy their Lordfhips, and had 
fatisfied his Majefty, would fatisfy this Houfe. He 
did profels, that the Peers never had any other Senfe 
of this Proclamation, than as a Procefs or Summons, 
under Pain of being excepted from any Pardon of 
Life or Eftate, if they came not in. He faid, It was 
the Senfe of the King too ; and it was not credible 
any Man could imagine that the King would ever 
have joined with the Houfes in fuch a Proclamation, 
unlefs he had been confident the Houfes would have 
meant fo likewife. His Lordfhip prefled further, 
That, let the World judge of this Proclamation, they 
cannot but believe it was the Senfe of this Houfe 
too ; for it could not be imagined, that if Lijle^ Say, 
Bark/lead^ and Scott^ who were all inserted into the 
Proclamation, had come in, they fhould have had 
the Benefit of their Lives. It is true (his Lordfliip 
pbferved) the Exception of thcfe Men, by our Votes, 
E e 3 was 

43 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. II. was before the publifliing of the Proclamation ; but 
l66o> he defires Pardon, if That feems not, to the Peers, 
~~ * of any great Weight; for, whatfoever our Votes 
were, the Snare was the fame upon fuch of the 
Perfons concerned, who took Notice of our Votes, 
not of the Proclamation ; as Scott pleads, he heard 
of the Proclamation, not of the Votes. He prefled 
us duly to confider the Honour and Juftice of the 
Nation ; and what a Reproach it would be if fuch 
Offenders fhould efcape Juftice, after fuch a Crime. 
He put us in Mind of fome Circumftances of Ag- 
gravation : Firji) A Libel is lately fpread abroad, 
that juftifies the Murder of the King with a bare 
Face; yea, juftifies it, as necefiary ; and that on 
fuch wicked Grounds and Arguments, as, in the 
Logic of it, extends to the Perfon of our Sacred 
King that now is, fliould he fall into their Hands. 
He told us, One of the Perfons we contend for lurks 
Itill ; and that a Serjeant at Arms being fent to ap- 
prehend him, he refcued himfelf ; yea, the Sheriff 
of that County being required to give Affiftance 
therein, he refufed. For the Expedient offered ; 
the Lords look upon it as that which tends to the 
making of thefe Men's Conditions better than now 
they are ; an Expedient to put off the Difcourfe, and 
to make the Reafons, their Lordfhips had given, of 
lefs Weight hereafter than now. 

' To the other Part, wherein they do adhere, as 
to the excepting for Life Vane^ Lambert^ Hafilrigge, 
and Axtell, his Lordfhip faid, He did not believe 
that we of this Houfe looked on thefe Perfons as 
innocent Men ; or as Men fo happy as not to have 
any Crime laid to their Charge. He thinks that, 
had we that good Opinion of them, we fhould not 
ourfelves have excepted them for future Pains and 
Penalties. He took Notice to us, That the King's 
Speech to the Houfe of Lords, when they had pafled 
this A<3 of Indemnity as far as they could, and in- 
cluded all thefe Men, his Father's Murderers, in that 
fatal Exception, gave them Thanks for their Juftice 
on the immediate Murderers of his Father; and 
that, in that Speech, there was a fubfequent Claufe, 


Of E N G L A N D. 439 

which, if any Perfons be dangerous to the State, re- An. iz. Car. II. 
commended it to the Lords to have a Care of them l66 ' 
alfo. Now, for one of them, that is dxtell; the ^ ^"T^ 
the Ground of excepting him was this : They had 
received Information from Ireland^ (where he is beft 
known) which was firft prefented to the Council, 
and by them to their Lordfhips, that in the Year 
1648, while the Murder was acting and carrying 
on, he prefTed the Soldiers, with Violence, to cry 
and clamour for Juftice j and when the Violence 
had gone fo far that the bloody Sentence was pro- 
nounced, he urged them to cry out, Execution^ 
Execution. For Lambert^ his Lordihip intimated, 
That we could not but take Notice how near he was 
to give a Turn to all the prefent Settlement we en- 
joy. For Hafilrigge and Vane, his Lordfhip ob- 
ferved, That they were Perfons whom the fecluded 
Members, after their Refutution, and when they 
were preparing the Way for the great and good 
Work, which is now effected, looked upon as fit to 
be fecured and confined : That, after the King was 
come in, thefe Gentlemen, notwithftandingthe Cen- 
fure on them by the fecluded Members, and the 
blefled End of the Long Parliament, returned to 
Town; never applying themfelves to the King, but 
lurk'd up and down, without giving any Account of 
themfelves: And hisLordfhip added, That they look 
on them as Perfons of a mifchievous Activity ; and 
therefore their Lordfhips defire to leave them to the 
Mercy of the King ; with this further Intimation, 
That they would be ready to join with this Houfe in 
a Petition to the King, that Mercy might be fcew'd 
them ; and that his Severity might not extend to 
their Lives ; and he did not doubt but the Intercef- 
fion of the Houfes would be effectual for that. 
For the Jaft four, who fat in the High Courts of 
Juftice ; his. Lordfhip obferved, That we, of the 
Houfe of Commons, had departed very much from 
our own Paffion and Provocation, in urging it as a 
Reafon why we could not agree, becaufe we could 
not mingle the Expiation of the Blood of Peers with 
the Expiation of the Blood of the King : But That, 


44-O The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car. II. he faid, was not the Motive, but Juftice itfelf upon 

1660. f high a Breach of the Law: And offered to Con- 

*-*"'" v " ' fideration, whether it would not amount to juftify 

Augu ' thofe Courts, if fome Severity was not ufed : But 

This was not much prefled, nor long infilled on. 

* When his Lordmip had made an End, fome 
worthy Gentlemen, that attended the Conference, 
offered fomething of Reply ; and I may do them 
fome Wrong in repeating it : But they are here, 
and can do Right to themfelves. It was obferved, 
That this Proclamation was but in the Nature of a 
Procefs : To which it was faid, Then at leaft they 
fhould have been heard before they were exceptedj 
which they were not. 

' Secondly, In the fummoning Part of the Procla- 
mation, there is not one Word relating to a Trial ; 
but the Parliament were bufy in proceeding upon 
the Acl of Oblivion, and iffued the Proclamation, 
that they might know in what Rank to place thefe 
Men : And admitting that this Proclamation, as to 
the holding forth of Benefit to thofe that came in, 
amounts a: higheft to an Implication ; yet, being 
an Implication, on which Men have put their Lives, 
it was difhonourable (as a worthy Member enforced 
it) to retract the Benefit held forth by the Procla- 
mation. It was likewife obferved, by the fame 
worthyMember, That to except them as to a Trial 
flgnifies nothing ; for they that do not come in are, 
however, excepted as to a Trial. To which his 
Lordfhip anfwer'd, It is true, that in theConfequence 
of it, and as Things now ftand, it is fo : Thofe that 
come not in will have the Benefit of a Trial if they 
be taken, as well as thofe that do come in : But, at 
the Time of the Proclamation, it might have been 
expected to be otherwife; and that thofe who did 
not render themfelves mould have been, ipfo Fafto, 
attainted, and executed vvhenfoever found. 

' His Lordmip inftanced the Example of Scott^ 
who profefled, for himfelf, that he rendered on the 
Account of the Proclamation, though his Render 
will not ferve his Turn : For that Render, which 
will fave his Life, muft be a Render to the Speaker 


Of E N G L A N D. 441 

or Sheriff"; to which he cannot pretend. But hisAn.iz.Car.ll. 
Lot dfhip added, That if That be the Meaning of the l66 - 
Proclamation, to extend Benefit of Life to all that ^ ~ M ~, -* 
rendered themfelves, the Equity is the fame, as to 
him : For if a Man hear of the Proclamation, and 
that he fhould have the Benefit of it if he rendered 
himfelf to the Speaker or Sheriff, and haftens to do 
it, but, being not able to do it within the Time, ren- 
ders himfelf to a public Minifter, it would be hard 
to make him incapable of the Benefit intended by 
the Proclamation. Therefore his Lordftiip obfer- 
ved, thofe that rendered themfelves muft not necef- 
farily have the Benefit of their Lives. It was then 
urged, that their Lordfliips had excepted Perfons 
that are dead ; Conjiable^ Mauleverer^ Danvers^ and 
others ; and that the excepting of them out of the 
A6t of Oblivion fignifies nothing : But the Place 
where the Commons had put them, was, that their 
Eftates fhould be fubje6t to future Penalties : A 
bare Exception fubjecls not their Eftates to future 
Penalties ; but, when the A6t pafles, the Heir and 
Executor is difcharged, though the Anceftor be ex- 
cepted. To which his Lordfhip replied, They 
knew the Exception of itfelf operated nothing; but 
they fuppofed and believed the Perfons excepted by 
this A 61 would (as well as Bradjhaive and Crom- 
well) be attainted, for their Guilt was equal, and 
they might deferve alike. For the four Perfons; it 
was obferved, That, to except Vane and the reft, fo 
as to involve them in the Danger of Life and Eftate, 
and in the mean Time to petition for their Pardon, 
was repugnant in itfelf. To which his Lordfhip 
made no Reply, other than that ftill they were at the 
King's Mercy, which Way foever the Proceedings 

After this long Report was ended, The Commons Debate upon it. 
fell again into a Debate on the old Topic, to agree 
or not agree with the Lords in this Matter. Mr. 
Prynne moved firft for agreeing, and was fecondcd 
by Sir Roger Palmer. Mr. Howard faid, That the 
late King cloathed them in Scarlet, and had turned 


44 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, i*. Car. II. their Iron into Brafs, their Brafs into Silver, and 
1660. themfelves into Gold : That this Prince fhould be 
U**-\"* -J murdered at his own Door, would make them feek 
Auuft * out fuch a Punifliment for it, as the Exquifitenefs 
of a Woman could invent : But the Honour of the 
Houfe being engaged, he moved to adhere; and to 
banifli or immure them, that they fhould never fee 
the Sun more, which would be worfe than Death. 
Sir Heneage Finch could not agree with the Lords as 
to thofe who were dead; nor with them, as to thofe 
who fat upon the Lords ; and was willing to leave 
Vane, Hafilrigge, Lambert, and Axtell^ to the King. 
Sir George Booth moved for another Conference with 
the Lords, in Hopes there might be fome other Ex- 
pedient offered. Mr. Baynton was for reading all 
Petitions that came from thefe Men. Mr. Trevor y 
for adhering, and not to violate the public Faith 
which had been given. Mr. Gott, for adhering alfo, 
becaufe he did advife fome Friends to come in. Sir 
Gilbert Gerrard faid, That he invited feveral to come 
in on the Proclamation ; and therefore could never 
give his Vote to agree. Both thefe laft Gentlemen 
moving aifo for another free Conference with the 
Lords, it was voted ; the fame Managers as at the 
laft, were deputed for this alfo ; and that the Lord 
Falkland mould go to the Lords and defire a free 
Conference with them on the Subject-Matter of the 

But before this laft Conference was defired, the 
Heads of it, as drawn up by the Committee, were 
read in the Houfe and approved of by them. Thefe 
Heads are entered in the Journals of the Commons ; 
but fince they will be better underftood by the Re- 
port of them made afterwards in the Upper Houfe, 
and from our Diary, we poftpone them. Obferving, 
that the Commons, in order to bend fomewhat to 
the Lords, and that this laft Conference might be 
made final and conclude this Affair, entered previ- 
oufly into the following Debate about it : 

Mr. Trevor, who reported fome Things to be of- 
fered at the next Conference to the Lords, faid, That 
fuch of the King's Judges as were excepted againft 


Of E N G L A N D. 443 

might be baniflied, never to return. If that was An. iz. 
not yielded to, then to refer them to another Act for 1660. 
I/ife, but to fpare them in this. Sir Heneage Finch * - v ' 
told the Houfe, That if they fpared Fane, Hafilrigge, Au s uft 
Lambert* and Axtell, they did it not out of Favour, 
but to leave them as living Monuments of their Vil- 
lany, and the Houfes Diflike : Urging that Saying 
of David, Slay them not left my People forget it. 
Here a Letter, figned "J. Heovar, dire&ed to the 
Lords, concerning Col. Axtell, and given before in 
this Work, at p. 380, I, was read, as well as a Peti- 
tion delivered by Mr. Annejley, from the faid AxtelL^U 
Notwithftanding this, the Houfe voted to agree Wltbp^ 
the Lords, as to except Axtell for Life. 

Mr. Thomas moved to have Somebody die for the 
Kingdom as well as for the King, and named Sir 
Henry Vane. Sir Ralph Afoton faid, That Sir Henry 
Vane told him, after the Battle of Worcejler, whea 
the King efcaped, and Sir Ralph AJhton afked him, 
Where is your Providence now, which you have fa 
oft fpoke of, fence the King is efcaped? To which 
he replied, If the Man was above Ground they would 
have him. Mr. Annejley moved to hear him firft. Sir 
Anthony Irby faid, That fince they had taken all he 
had, they might well fpare his Life. Mr. Holies faid, 
It was his Majefty's Pleafure to except only thofe 
who were his Father's Judges, which Vane was not. 
But one Mr. Lowther fpeaking againft Vane, it was 
voted, To agree with the Lords, as to except him^m alfo; 
for Life. 

Next came on the Trial of Gen. Lambert, who 
was alfo excepted by the Lords ; when it was mo- 
ved by Sir Alien Broderick to put him to a fhort 
Queftion ; and this was feconded by Sir Roger Pal- 
mer. Mr, Annejley moved, To read his Petition 
firft. Sir George Booth fpoke in Lambert's Behalf. 
Mr. Sivinfen moved to agree with the Lords ; but to 
petition the King to be merciful to them. Mr. An- 
nejley, again, was for fufpencling the Queftion, till 
the Conference was paft ; but the Queftion being 
called for, and put, it was voted, That Lambert And Lambert* 
ihould alfo be excepted. 


444 ^ e Parliamentary HISTORY- 

An. 12. Car. II. Laftly, A Motion was made againft Sir Arthur 
* 66 g- t Haftlrigge, on whom a longer Debate enfued than 

^""T^T""*^ on all the others. Mr. Tonkins begun it, by faying, 
That Sir Arthur told him, when the firft ihort Par- 
liament was diflblved, That the King mould repent 
that Day's Work with every Vein in his Body. On 
the other Hand, the Knight had many Speakers in 
his Behalf, as, Sir John Northcot, Major Tolhurji, 
Sir Ralph Knight, Lord Falkland, Mr. Prynne, Sir 
George Booth, and Sir Thomas Clarges. Mr. Petty 
moved for him, becaufe the General engaged for 
him. Mr. Annejley fpoke alfo in Behalf of him, and 
to hear his Petition before the Queftion was put. 
Mr. Young for him, alledging his Rafhnefs, which 
made him not a dangerous Perfon. 

The Speakers againft Sir Arthur, were, firft, Dr. 
Clayton ; next, Mr. Thomas, who urged his taking 
the Oath of Abjuration. Lord Ancram faid, He was 
the main Man that ftirred up the Vote of no more 
Addrefles to the late King; faying to the Speaker, 
Shall we believe that Man of no Faith ? and moved 
to put him to the Queftion. Sir Roger Palmer faid, 
That Sir Arthur told him, If Charles Stuart do 
come in, it was but three wry Mouths and a Swing ; 
and therefore moved againft him. 

Some Mediators, as Sir William Wylde, moved to 
remember the Lord-General's Engagement in his 
Behalf; and not put him to the Queftion. But Sir 
Edward Turner laid, He never heard the General 
name Hajilrigge ; and therefore moved for the Que- 
ftion. Sir Anthony AJhley Cooper was for executing 
Nobody but thofe who were guilty of the King's 
Blood, and faid, He thought this Man not confide- 
rable enough ; but moved to put him with the reft. 
Col. Birch^ by Defire of the General, fpoke for him. 
^ir John Bozvyer was for having him walk to the 
Gallows with the reft, and then come back again. 
However, at laft, the Queftion being put, the Houfe 
divided upon it, Whether Sir Arthur Haf.lrigge 
fhould be included with the reft ? And, as the Di- 
ary fpeaks, the Ayes, that went out, loft it by almoft 
20, The Journals fay the Numbers on the Divifion, 

Of E N G L A N D. 445 

were 11610141. Mr. Titus and Lord St. John, An, 12. Car.IL 
Tellers for the Yeas ; Sir Anthony Irby, and Mr. l66 ' 
Gilbert Gerrard, Tellers for the Noes. v ^"T" 1 

After this laft Vote was pafled, and Sir Arthur 
fpared, Mr. Pierepoint moved, That the King might 
be petitioned, that Lambert and Fane mould not be 
tried for their Lives by Law ; which was agreed to. 
Ordered alfo, That the Lords be acquainted, by the 
Committee at the Conference, That the Ground of 
their concurring with their Lordftiips as to Col. Ax- 
tell, was the Evidence given by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Heovar's Letter, communicated by them at the laft 

The next Debate was on the four who fat in 
Judgment upon the four Lords ; when the Speaker 
defired this might be left to the Succefs of the next 
Conference : But Sir George Booth and Sir Anthony 
AJhley Cooper moved for Col. Croxton ; as alfo Sir 
John Bowyer. Sir Thomas Clarges againft him, fay- 
ing, He broke the Neck of Sir George Booth's Bufi- 
nefs ; and added, That his Deferts mould not be 
commended ; but he would not hinder the Mercy of 
the Houfe. However, on the fhort Queftion, it was 
voted, Not to agree with the Lords, as to thofe who 
fat on the Death of the four Lords. 

All thefe Debates happened in the Houfe, previ- 
ous to the fending up the Lord Falkland^ to deilre 
another Conference with the Lords, as is before 
mentioned ; and, of all which, there are little or 
no Traces in the Journals. However, the Confe- 
rence being defired, and granted, the Committees 
of both Houfes met in the Afternoon of this Day 
for that Purpofe. 

But, before we proceed, we think proper here to 
infert a curious Anecdote, preferved in the Commons 
Journals, which is in thefe Words : 

The Houfe taking Notice by the Expreffions of 
the Lord-Chancellor, at a Conference with the 
Lords Yefterday, that when his Lordfhip was em- 
ployed as a public Minifter from the King's Maje- 
fly that now is, to the Court of Spain, he did receive 
from his Majefty a fpecial Command, (as Part of his 


446 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An.ia. Car. II. Inftru&ions) upon his Treaty with the King of 

1660. Spain, in that Negotiation to avow and declare, That 

*- v -' the horrid Murder of his Royal Father was not the 

Auguft. A of the p ar ii amen t O r People of England; but the 

A61 of a very wretched and very little Company of 

Mifcreants in this Kingdom : 

Ordered, That the Members of this Houfe, 
who are of his Majefty's Privy Council, as alfo 
Mr. Pierepoint) Sir Edward Turner, and Sir Heneage 
Finch, do prefent to his Majefty the humble and 
thankful Senfe this Houfe hath of his Majefty's Ju- 
ftice and Favour, in making this juft Defence for 

the Parliament and People of England.' But now 

to go on. 

Our Manufcript Diary being very explicit in the 
Account of this next Conference, makes it reafonable 
to fufpeft that the Author of it was one of the Com- 
mittee of the Houfe of Commons who managed this 
Bufmefs. We {hall therefore give his Account of 
the Matter, rather than thofe in the Reports of it, 
made to each Houfe afterwards, and entered in their 
Journals, becaufe the Reader may be better pleafed 
to have it from the Notes of an Ear and Eye-Wit- 
nefs, than what is only delivered at fecond-hand. 
Befides, the Names of the particular Speakers, on 
both Sides, are mentioned, with the Arguments 
they made ufe of, in the Manufcript, which are 
omitted in the Reports. 

An Account of Auguft 24.. Mr. Trevor began the Conference, 
another Confe- by obfervine; to their Lordfhips, That the Com- 

rence on the Par- ' j-j JL r 7 J T7 c 

don Bill. mons did not adhere to Lambert and yane, out of 

any Refpeft to their Perfons, but for the Honour of 
the Houfe and of the King, to whom they mould 
be left to Pardon. And as for the Proclamation, 
the Occafion of it was, for the public Peace of the 
Nation; and for na other Reafon they did agree to 
it ; and therefore they could not now agree with 
their Lordfiiips. That feveral Petitions were of- 
fered, in the Behalf of many of thofe Perfons, and 
the Aflizes drawing fo near, it was necefiary the 
Bill mould not be retarded, 


Of E N G L A N D. 447 

Mr. Holies fpoke next, and faid, The Com- An. i a. Car. II. 
jnons did agree as to Axtell* to be totally excepted ; 6fc> 
and as to Lambert and Vane* they had given them * v-*-^ 
up too; but defired their Lordfhips to join with Au 8 uft 
them in petitioning the King to fpare them : And 
added, That the Commons infifted that none but the 
King's Judges fhould fuffer. 

Sir Thomas Clarges^ who was appointed to fpeak 
as to Hafdrigge's Cafe, faid, The General was 
engaged by his Promife, upon Capitulation, to pre- 
ferve him ; and as the Houfe of Commons had con- 
fidered it, he hoped their Lordfhips would agree 
with them alfo. 

Sir Heneage Finch moved in theBehalf of the Heirs 
of thofe that are dead, and inftanced the Lord Grey 
and Sir Thomas Mauleverer. And for thofe of the 
High Court of Juftice, who were not the King's 
Judges, he faid, One was dead, another dying, and 
for the other two he left them to the Consideration 
of their Lordfhips. 

Sir George Booth moved for the Lords Concur- 
rence in thefe Matters, in regard the Commons 
agreed with them in pardoning the fixteen for Life. 

The Lord-Chancellor replied, That thofe fix- 
teen were remitted, only becaufe of the Quiet of the 
Nation, and the like for the Heirs of others. But, 
for the Judges, the Lords could not recede, and ho- 
ped yet the Commons would agree with them in it ; 
for the Statute of the 2ift of Edward III. did not 
provide againft it. And to diftinguifh between thofe 
that are dead, he faid, They were equally guilty with 
the living ; and they expected a Bill fhordy againft 
Cromwell, Bradjhawe, Ireton, and Pryde. As to the 
Cafe of Sir Arthur Hafilrigge^ the Chancellor ad- 
ded, That it was new to them; but fince it has 
been owned by the Duke of Albermarle^ they found 
his Cafe diftinguifhed from the other two ; and 
therefore agreed with them in it. 

Mr. Swinfen anfwered his Lordfhip, and faid, 
That it was not the Meaning of the Commons the 
King or Lords fhould interpret the Proclamation as 


448 tte "Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ia. Car. II. tne y did : But why fhould thofe Perfons come in, 
1660. if there was not an Implication of Mercy ? Who 
C--^v~ ^ elfe would have fled from Juftice ? And that it was 
Auguft. not p ara il e l w j t h aPremunire; and added, That 
thofe Perfons would certainly plead the Proclama- 
tion, when they came to their Trials. 

To which the Lord-Chancellor anfwered, That 
the King did not think himfelf bound by the Pro- 
clamauon, nor the Lords neither; but he believed 
the Guilty would objecT: it. And why can you 
doubt (lays his Lordfhip) that the King will not be 
more tender than you? and thought the Commons 
might do well to leave it fo ; for certainly the Re- 
queits of the Prifoners would be more prevalent 
than any Arguments then ufed. 

Mr. Gott replied to this, and faid, That the 
Houfe of Commons could not come off with Ju- 
ftice and Honour from the Proclamation : That the 
milder Senfe, in all Laws, fliould always be inter- 
preted. And moved for Banifhment or Imprifon- 
ment, that they might be living Monuments of their 
own Wretched nefs j to which he hoped their Lord- 
{hips would agree. 

The Lord-Chancellor faid, The Proclamation 
coming firft from the Commons, they had the more 
Reafon to concur with the Lords than the Lords 
with them. Mr. Sivlnfen obferved to the Chan- 
cellor, That it was hard to reconcile the Procla- 
mation, and urged Skemey's Cafe in the Affair ; but 
faid, no Senfe was yet offered why they fhould not 
be pardoned. To whom the Lord-Chancellor re- 
plied, He thought that Point had been already fa- 

The Conference being about to break off, the 
Lord Northampton faid, That thefe Regicides came 
in upon the Proclamation, becaufe Nobody durft 
harbour them, and no way elfe : That the Procla- 
mation itfelf was but like a Subpoena in Chancery, 
puniftiable if they did not come. And added, with 
telling; the Commons, That the flopping this At 
was fparing the King's Murderers. 


Of E N G L A N D. 449 

However, the very next Day, Auguft 25, this An. 14. Car. II. 
heavy Affair was brought to a Conclufion between l66 - 
the two Houfes ; for the Lords fending to defire ^^~ ' 
another Conference with the Commons, they met 
accordingly, and the Report of it was made in that 
Houfe afterwards, by Sir Heneage Finch, in thefe 
Words : 

* The Lord-Chancellor told us, how unhappy Report of the laft 
foever former Conferences have been, This, he Conf < ;rence be - 
doubted not, would be happy to the King and ^ ^ ? 
Kingdom, and beget a chearful Submiflion of all BUI of Pardon. 
People to the Determination of the Parliament: 
He faid he would repeat nothing of what he had 
formerly faid ; for though the Lords might have in- 
fifted, in the Reafons they formerly offered, yet they 
have now complied with this Houfe in Effect, tho' 
not in Form. The Expedient for a final Conclu- 
fion of the Difference was this ; That thofe Gentle- 
men that rendered themfelves on his M ajeftv's Pro- 
clamation, fliould ftand in the fame Clafles as in 
the Lords Amendments formerly fent down ; that 
is, as Perforis generally excepted for Life and Eftate : 
But, to qualify that, they offered a Claufe, to be 
added by way of Amendment, wherein the Names 
of thofe Perfons who rendered themfelves ( their 
Lordfhips know them not, and fo have left the Pa- 
per with a Blank for that ) upon an Opinion, that 
they might fafely do fo, and have not fled to avoid 
the Juftice of the Parliament, (who, he conceived, 
will be looked upon otherwife, as Perfons that have 
k>ft the Benefit of the Proclamation) may be inferted 
by this Houfe ; and, he fuppofed, a fpecial Care 
Would be had of fecuring their Perfons.' 

And then the Reporter read the faid Claufe, being 
as folio weth : 

4 But in regard the faid have perfonally 

appeared, and rendered themfelves according to the 
Proclamation, bearing Date the 6th Day of Juw t 
1660, to fummon the Perfons therein named, who 
gave Judgment, and affifted in the faid horrid and 
deteftable Murder of our faid late Sovereign, to ap- 
pear and render themfelves; and do pretend thereby 

VOL. XXII. F f to 

450 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. la. Car. II. to fome Favour, upon fome conceived doubtful 
1660. Words in the faid Proclamation: Be it enacted by 
< v ' this prefent Parliament, and the Authority of the 
Auguft. f ame? (upon the humble Defires of the Lords and 
Commons aflembled in Parliament) That if the faid 
, or any of them, {ball be legally attainted 
for the horrid Treafon and Murder aforefaid, that 
then, neverthelefs, the Execution of the faid Peribn 
and Perfons, fo attainted, fhall be fufpended untill 
his Majefty, by the Advice and Aflent of the Lords 
and Commons in Parliament, (hall order the Execu- 
tion, by A6t of Parliament to be pafled for that Pur- 

' The Reporter proceeded : For That, relating to 
the Perfons dead, (whom their Lordfhips had put in 
that fatal Claufe, with an Expectation that we would 
pafs an Act for the future Attainder) their Lordfliips 
have departed from their Refolution in that Point, 
and permit them to continue in the ClaiTes wherein 
we placed them ; whereby they are adjourned to the 
Penalties which {hall be inflicted on them by a future 
A& ; expecting only a Bill of Attainder of Crom- 
ivell, Bradfliawe^ Ireton, and Pryde. 

* For the other Part, wherein we have agreed for 
excepting dxtell without further Expectation, and 
Vane and Lambert with Expectation of a further Ad- 
cirefs on their Behalf, their Lordfliips agree in That. 
For that wherein we differed about Sir Arthur Ha- 
illrigyC) upon what was offered by a Member of our 
Houfe, and fince, by the Duke of Albemarle^ they 
found his Cafe difHnguifned from the other two, and 
agree with us as to him. 

' And for the laft four; though their Lordfhips 
f.i \v very great Reafon to adhere to That for Juftice 
and Example Sake ; yet, having taken our Reafons 
into Confideration, and believing the good Report 
we gave of fome of them, their Lordfhips departed 
fiom that Reafon in that Point, and leave them to 
Difability only, as we propounded.' 

4 Refclved, That this Houfe doth agree with the 
Lords in the Matters communicated by the Lords at 
(he fiu Conference.' 

Of ENGLAND. 451 

< Ordered, That it be referred to a Committee to An. 12. Car.H* 
difpofe the Alterations, made by the Lords this Day, * 66 . 
into their proper Places in the A6t of Indemnity j ^ p *"'"" v ~. 
and to inform themfelves by Perufal of the Journal, 
and Examination of the Serjeant at Arms attending 
this Houfe, which of the Judges of the late King's 
Majefty rendered themfelves upon his Majefty's 
Proclamation ; and which of them are now in the 
Serjeant's Cuftody ; or how they are otherwife dif- 
pofed : And the Serjeant at Arms is to attend the] 
Committee, to give them an Account accordingly : 
And the Committee are to enter, into the Claufe fent 
from the Lords^ the Names of fuch as fo rendere4 
themfelves, and have not fmce withdrawn.' 

Then the Queftion being put, That the Petition 
of William Heveningbam, Efq; a High Court of Ju* 
ftice Man, be read,' it pafled in the Negative. 

The fame Day the Lord-Chancellor made a (hort 
Report, in the Houfe of Lords, of the foregoing Con- 
ference with the Commons; who faid, They told his 
Majefty that both Houfes were obliged, in Honour, 
that fuch a Diftin&ion {hould be made to th'ofe that 
came in upon the Proclamation, as to be favoured for 
Life. That the Commons do concur with th'ejr 
Lordfhips to except-abfblutely for Life Col. y/*-/^// 1 ,' Sir 
Henry Vane^ and Col. Lambert ' t and then tojdin in 
Petition to his -Majefty, that the Severity of the Jydgr 
ment of Life may be fpared to them. As concern- 
ing Sir Arthur Hafilrigge ; they offer to- their Lqrd- 
Ihips Coniideration that he may be fpared for Life, 
and be put into another Clafs, in regard of a'Capi'- 
tulation which they underftand hath been made be- 
tween the Lord-General Monke and him, in the 
Time of the late Troubles. 

As Concerning the four Perfons named to be ex- 
cepted for Life, in fetting up the High Court of Ju- 
ftice upon the four Lords, the HouTe of Commons 
fay that one of them is dead, and another almoil 
dead, fo as, by Courfe of Nature and Infirmities, 
he cannot live long: And Major Waring is a Per- 
Con that never fat but once, and has fuice done good 
F f 2 Of- 

452 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

An. is. Car.IhOffices for honeft Men ; and they being not willing 

1660. t , n ix any Blood with thofe that are to fuffer for 

v*-*-' the Murder of his Majefty, therefore they defire 

Augum their Lordfljips W ould depart from their Refolutions 

concerning thefe four Perfons. 

The Houfe taking this Bufmefs into Confidera- 
tion, ordered That the Lord-Chamberlain, Earl of 
Southampton, Lorcl Finch, Lord Seymour, Earl of 
Northumberland, Lord Vifcount Say and Sele, Lord 
Roberts, and Lord IVharton, fhould confider of a 
Provifo to accommodate the Matter in Difference 
between both Houfes, concerning the Perfons of 
thofe that fentenced and figned the Warrant for the 
Execution of his late Majefty, and were concerned 
by their coming in upon the Proclamation, and to 
report the fame. 

The Lord Roberts reported the Draught of the 
Expedient to be offered to the Houfe of Commons, 
concerning the Perfons that fentenced and figned the 
Warrant for Execution of his late Majefty ; which, 
faid Paper was read in heec Verba, [as given before 
at p. 449.] 

And the Queftion being put, Whether this fhall 
be offered at a Conference with the Houfe of Com- 
mons, and thereupon to concur with the Houfe of 
Commons in what they propofe, it was refolved in 
the Affirmative. 

But the Lord Seymour defired Leave to enter his 
Diffent if the Queftion was carried in the Affirma- 
tive ; which was granted 

Next the Houfe concurred with the Houfe of 
Commons, concerning Sir Arthur Hafilrigge ; and 
afterwards took into Confideration the four Perfons 
that fat and gave Sentence on the four Lords : And 
the Queftion being put, Whether to concur with 
the Houfe of Commons concerning thefe four Per- 
ibns, it was alfo refolved in the Affirmative. 

But, before the putting of this Queftion, the Lords 
Derby and Carnarvon defired Leave to enter their 
Diflents, if the Queftion was carried in the Affirma- 


Of E N G L A N D. 453 

Then a Meflage was fent to the Houfe of Com- An. 12. Car. II. 
mons by Sir Ed?nund Peirfe and Mr. Hobart, to l66 - 
defire a prefent free Conference in the Painted- V * - "" v "r* 1 * 
Chamber, concerning the laft free Conference touch- 
ing the Act of Indemnity ; and the Meflengers re- 
turned with this Anfwer, That the Houfe of Com- 
mons will give a free Conference as is defired. 

' Ordered, That it is referred to the Lord Chief 
Baron to furvey and take Care when the Act of In- 
demnity is paffed both Houfes, that the feveral Al- 
terations and Provifoes are put in their due and pro- 
per Places.' 

Auguft 28. Mr. Serjeant Glyn, from the above 
Committee, reported, That they had examined and 
put in Order all the Amendments, and made them 
to cohere. In which the Names of fuch as are in 
Cuftody, thofe that are fled, and others that are 
dead, are included. After this the Name of Col. 
Adrian Scrape came in Queftion, Whether he mould 
ftand excepted for Life ; and the Houfe feeming to 
favour him, as the Diary fays, Capt. Titus flood up 
and faid, He deferved no Favour, as would appear, if 
Sir Richard Brown would be pleafed to relate the 
Difcourfe he lately had with him. Upon which 
Sir Richard faid, That afking Col. Scrope what he 
thought of the King's Murder ; he replied, Some 
call it Murder, but he was of another Opinion. On 
this the Houfe immediately excepted him, by Vote, 
for Life. Voted alfo, That Sir John Bourchier, 
who died lately in Prifon, be inferted in the Clafs 
amongft the dead Perfons. Voted, That the Name 
of the Lord Grey be omitted in this Bill. 

' Refolved, That thefe be the Names, viz. Owen 
Rowe, Augujlin Garland, Edmund Harvey, Henry 
Smith, Henry Marten, Sir Hardrefs Waller, Robert 
Tichborne, George Fleetwood, James Temple, Thomas 
IFayte, Symon Mayne, IVilliam Heveningham, Ifaac 
Pennington, Peter Temple, Robert Lilburne, Gilbert 
Millington, Vincent Potter, Thomas IVogan, and John 
Doivnes, to be inferted in the Claufe fent down from 
$he Lords for fufpending Kxecution 3 in Cafe of At- 
F f 3 tainder^ 

454 V& e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, iz. Car. II. tainder, till a future Act (hall pafs for that Pur- 

166 - pofe. 

^T^dT"' Mr. //*// offered a Provifo to be added to the 
Bill, That none of the King's judges fhould be 
tried for any other Treafon, or Crime, but only for 
the Murder of the King. Upon which the Queftion 
was put, Whether to read this Provifo a fecond 
Time ? The Houfe divided, and it was carried in the 
Negative, 134 againft 102: Mr. Holies and Mr. 
Annejley^ Tellers for the Yeas ; Lord Herbert and 
Sir Daniel Harvey for the Noes. After which the 
Bill of Indemnity, with the laft Amendments, was 
once more carried back to the Lords by Sir John 

' Ordered alfo, That Mr. Serjeant Glyn do put 
the Lords in Mind to difpatch the Bills for Confir- 
mation of the Fundamental Laws ; the Bill for pre- 
venting the taking of exceffive Ufury j the Bill for 
a perpetual Anniverfary ; one for indemnifying cer- 
tain Officers of the Courts of Juftice : And to fig- 
nify to the Lords, that, upon his Majefty's coming 
to the Houfe to pafs the Bill of Indemnity, C5V. this 
Houfe would be ready to bring up the Poll Bill.' 

Our Diary tells us, That Sir John Northcot mo-> 
ved for carrying up the Bill of Indemnity firft, that 
it might be pafled before the Poll Bill was fent up. 
But, no one feconding him, this fcrupulous Motion 
was dropped. 

The Serjeant returning from the Lords, to whom 
he had delivered the Bill, &c. a Meflage foon after 
followed from that Houfe, to defire another free 
Conference on the Bill of Indemnity. At which, 
the Lord-Chancellor faid, That this was meant not 
to hinder but to expedite the Bill. That the Lords 
objected againft the Name of Mr. Carew ; for that 
he did not furrender himfelf, but was taken before 
the Proclamation came out ; and fo could not be 
prefumed to be placed in the Clafs of thofe that ren- 
dered. To which Mr. Holies, Serjeant Glyn^ and 
Mr. Annejley replied, That Mr. Carew did not de- 
ny himfelf, but found his Name miftaken, being put 
Cary for Carezv, and flayed where he was till he 


Of E N G L A N D. 455 

was taken, which they conceived might render him A 
capable of Favour. But on the Committee's re- 
turning to the Houfe, and making a Report of this 
Matter, a Debate arofe, in which the Speaker faid, 
That Carew was certainly taken before the Procla- 
mation came out, elfe, in Charity, it might be pre- 
fumed that he would have come in upon it, becaufe 
he did not abfent himfelf. Mr. Prynne and Mr. 
Annejley both faying, That, in Stric~r.nefs, he was 
not within the Benefit of the Proclamation, the 
Queftion was put, Whether to agree with the Lords 
as to Mr. Carew, the Houfe divided upon it, into 
80 Yeas and 70 Noes ; fo that Carew came into the 
Clafs of thofe who were wholly excepted for Life. 

All Obftacles being now removed, and Matters 
entirely fettled between the two Houfes, about this 
Bill of Indemnity, Mr. Holies was ordered to return T ^ e gm O f In _ 
it to the Lords, with the laft particular Amendmentdemnity concla- 
made to it. At the fame Time to defire the Lords ded - 
humbly to intreat his Majefty, that he would pleafe 
to come to the Houfe the next Morning, to pafs this 
Bill of General Pardon, and the other Bills which 
were ready for the Royal Aflent. To which Mr. 
Holies brought Anfwer, That the Lords would do 
as defired. 

Accordingly the next Day, Auguft 29, the King The King comes 
came to the Houfe of Peers ; and his Majefty, fit- to the Hufe_of 
ting in his Chair of State, commanded the Gentle- aj^othe/B?!!^ 
man-Ufher of the Black Rod to give Notice to the 
Houfe of Commons, That it is his Majefty's Plea- 
iure they come up ; who being come up, their 
Speaker addrefs'd his Majefty in the following 
Terms : 

Moft Gracious Sovereign, 
' TVTOT many Months fmce England was but a The Speaker's 

jLAl g reat Prifon, where the worft of Men were;*P cech to the 
our Governors, and their vileft Lufts the Laws by f c n"f n "jjn?~ 
which they governed. 

4 The great and moft wife God conveyed Divine 
Intelligence into your patient and pious Soul, and 


456 Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. is. Car. ii. taught you how, by differing for us, to deliver us 
from our Sufferings ; to knock off our Shackles, and 
fet your People at Liberty, when neither Power nor 
Policy could effect it. So foon as your Majefty fet 
your Foot upon your Englijh Shore, our Prifon was 
turned into a Paradife of Pleafure, and the whole 
JSation filled with Joy, and Love, and Peace. 

* Sir, This great Blefiing is already regiftered in 
your People's thankful Hearts, and they defire that 
the Memory thereof may be perpetuated ; and there- 
fore they have laid it up amongft their choiceft Jewels, 
and annexed it to their Magna Charta ; which they 
are willing to pawn unto your Majefty, upon Con- 
dition, when they forget this, to forfeit that and 

' Sir, Am on gft your many illuftrious Titles, 
which, like fair and beautiful Flowers, do adorn and 
bedeck your Royal Crown, there is one exceeds and 
excells all the reft, as well in Virtue as in Beauty, 
and that is your Title of Defender of the Faith. 
Sir, as that Title is your Honour, fo the Truth of 
it is our Happinefs. Neither the higheft Provoca- 
tions, nor the ftrongeft Temptations, that ever 
Prince met withall, have been able to fliake your 
victorious Faith, nor abate your holy Zeal ; witnef? 
your firft Aft, after your Return to the Exercife of 
your Regal Power, in your early and timely fuppref- 
fing Profanenefs, and difcountenancing debauched 
Perfons, who know not how to exprefs their Thank- 
fulnefs unto God for Mercies, but by a finful drink- 
ing them away ; a Practice your Soul abhors. 

' And as it is your higheft Honour to be the De- 
fender of that Faith which we profefs ; fo it is the 
greateft Intereft, Prerogative, and Privilege your 
Majefty can be endowed and inverted withall in this 
World, and will be your moft lafting Comfort in the 
World to come, that God, who hath hitherto been 
a Sun to direct you, will be a Shield to protect you; 
and that Faith which you defend will defend you 
ngainft all your Enemies, maugre the Malice of the 
Devil and all his wicked Inftruments. 

4 Royal 

Of ENGLAND. 457 

'Royal Sir, Your eminent Virtues, and 
excellent Qualifications that God hath beftowed j 66 ^* 
upon you, to make you every way worthy and fit 
for Government, invites us at this Time, with joy- 
ful Hearts, to make our humble Addrefles unto 
your Majefty, and to give you a chearful Account 
of our Proceedings this Parliament, wherein we have 
fpent our whole Time upon public Bills ; fome we 
muft confefs, of very great Cocernment to your Ma- 
jefty and all your People, are not yet ripe, nor 
brought to Perfection : But though, like an After- 
Crop, yet, with the fair Weather of your Majefty's 
wonted Patience, we hope likewife to inn them well 
at laft, to your Majefty's full Satisfad-tion, and the 
great Contentment of all your loyal and faithful Sub- 

* Some Bills are patted both Houfes, and already 
lodged here, which attend and wait for your Maje- 
fty's Royal Aflent, and I fhall humbly beg the Fa- 
vour only but to touch upon fome of thofe of moft 
public Concernment by the Way, and in tranjitu^ 
to that Bill here in my Hand. 

4 Sir, There is one Bill now before you, intituled, 
An Att for the Confirmation of "Judicial Proceedings. 
The Scope and Intendment of that Bill is to fettle 
Men's Eftates, which is the Way to quiet their 
Minds ; and, when their Minds are at reft, there 
will be no Fear of their breaking the Peace, or for- 
feiting their good Behaviour any more in Time to 

There is another Bill, intituled, An Aft to pre- 
vent the taking of excejfive Ufury. The reftraining 
Men of avaritious Minds, whofe Confciences are 
as large as their Bags, will be a great Eafe to your 
People, and an Enablement to your Merchants the 
better to go on with their Trades. They are the 
laborious Bees that bring in Honey into your Ma- 
jpfty's Hive ; and Ufurers are the lazy idle Drones 
that rob your Hive of the Honey. 

' There is another I^ill, intituled, An Att for a 
perpetual Anniverjary Thqnkfgi'ving to be obferved and 
kept upon the 2<)tb of May : A day that God him-? 


45? 3%e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ia. C. H. felf was pleafed to honour and adorn with a new 
1660. additional Star, never feen before nor fmce; a Star of 

^""'pv. ~ rare Afpecl, which declared, to all the World at once, 
the happy News of your Majefty's blefled Nativity : 
And as it was your Majefty's Birth-Day, fo it was the 
Day of your Reftoration to your Kingdoms, Parlia- 
ment, and People ; and likewife the Day of your Peo- 
ple's Re-Creation out of a Chaos of Confufion and Mi- 
fery : And therefore they humbly pray, That not on- 
ly we (for there would need no Aft for that fo long as we 
live) butthatourPofterity, and the Ages that {hall fuc- 
ceed us, might for ever be obliged to fet apart that 
Day as a Holiday, to dedicate their Praifes and 
Thankfgivings up unto Almighty God for his mira- 
culous Deliverance of this poor Nation, when it lay 
in Duft and Afhes, in a moft miferable, defperate, 
forlorn, and deplorable Condition. 

e There is another Bill, intituled, An ASl of free 
and general Pardon^ Indemnity^ and Oblivion* It 
may well be called a free Pardon; for yourMajefty 
was pleafed to offer it before we had Confidence 
enough to alk it, and at a Time when your People 
had moft need of it: And it may as truly be called 
a general Pardon, in reipecl of the Extenfwenefs of 
it. But looking over a long, black, prodigious, 
difmal Roll and Catalogue of Malefactors, we 
there meet not with Men but Monfters, guilty of 
Blood, precious Blood, precious Royal Blood, never 
to be remembered without Tears ; incomparable 
in all the Kinds of Villany that ever was acled 
by the worft of Mifcreants; Perverters of Religion; 
Subverters of Government ; falfe to God ; difloyal 
to the beft of Kings ; and perfidious to their Coun- 
try : And therefore we found an abfolute and in- 
clifpenfible Neceflity incumbent upon us, to except 
and fet fome apart for Treacle, to expell the Poifon 
of Sin and Rebellion out of others, and that they 
might be made Sacrifices to appeafe God's Wrath, 
and fatisfy Divine Jufticc. 

* And now I am come to that Bill here in my 
Hand, which I am commanded humbly to prefent 
your Majefty withall. 

< Rova! 

Of E N G LAND. 459 

' Royal Sir, Your Commons, the Knights, Ci- An. 12 
tizens, and Burgefles, now affembled in Parliament, 
taking into Confideration the great and infupport- 
able. Burden of the Army and Navy, that your 
People do now groan under; and knowing, as Mo- 
ney is the Sinews of War, fo, as the State of Affairs 
now ftand, that it is likewife the beft Medium that 
can be ufed, in order to the attaining that End we 
have all fo much defired and fo long prayed for, The 
Settlement of a happy Peace ; and therefore they 
have pafled this Bill, intituled, An Aft for a jpeedy 
Provlfion of Money to pay off and di/band all the 
Forces of this Kingdom both by Sea and Land^ upon 
which they hope fuch a Sum will be advanced and 
brought in, as may be fufficient fully to difcharge 
and difpatch that Work : And they humbly pray 
your Majefty's gracious Acceptance thereof, and 
your Royal Aflent thereunto. 

4 1 am further to inform and aflure your Majefty, 
that your People have pafled another Supply and 
Revenue unto your Majefty, which far furmounteth 
all they have already done in Value, and that is, 
their Hearts and Affections ; having their Hearts, 
your Majefty may command their Purfes. 

' Moft Royal Sovereign, We have nothing more 
to offer, or to afk, at this Time, but your Majefty's 
gracious Favour, fo foon as your Service and the pub- 
lic Affairs will permit, that we might have Leave to 
go into our Countries, where we fhall make your 
People fenfible of their Happinefs, in having fuch a 
King to govern and rule over them ; and as we 
praife your Majefty, fo likewife to pray for your Ma- 
that you may live long, and profper- 

After the Speaker had ended, he prefented his Ma- 
jefty with a Bill, intituled, An Aft for the fpeedy 
Provision of Money for difbandlng and paying off thf 
Forces of this Kingdom both by Land and Sea ; which 
was received by the Clerk of the Parliament. 

Then his Mujefty was gracioufly pleafed to give his 
Royal Aflent to thefe Bills following j the Titles 


460 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. iz. Car. II. whereof were read by the Clerk of the Crown, and 
l66 - the Royal Aflent was pronounced by the Clerk of 
*~7rr J the Parliament. 

The Titles of the faid Bills were as follow : 
An Aft for the Confirmation of Judicial Proceed- 

An Aft for the retraining the excejjive taking of 

An Aft for a perpetual Anniverfary Thankfgiving 
on the 2()tb Day of May. 

An Aft for a free and general Par don > Indemnity + 
and Oblivion. 

To all thefe Bills the Royal Affcnt was pro- 
nounced in thefe Words, Le Roy le Veult. 

An Aft for naturalizing Peter de la Peire, alias 
Peters, and John de la Peire, alias Peters. 

Soit faift come il eft Defire. 
An Aft for the fpeedy Provifeon of Money for dif- 
landing and paying off" the Forces of the Kingdom both 
by Land and Sea. 

Le Roy Remerciant les bon Subjects. 
Accepte leur Benevolence et ainn le Veult. 

Then his Majefty made the following very gra- 
cious Speech : 

My Lords and Gentlemen of the Houfe of 


The King's 7 Have been here fame Times before with you, but 
Speech to both -* never w ; t fj more Willingnefs than I am at this 

s" 89r '^' and there be f ew Men in the Kin S dom ^0 
have longed more impatiently to have thefe Bills pajjed^ 
than I have done to pafs them ; and^ I hope^ they will 
be the Foundation of much Security and Happinefs to 
us all. 

I do very willingly pardon all that is pardoned by 
this Aft of Indemnity , to that Time which is mention- 
ed in the Bill ; nay> I will tell you, that, from that 
Time to this Day, I will not ufe great Severity > ex- 
cept in fuch Cafes where the Malice is notorious^ and 
the public Peace exceedingly concerned. But, for the 
Timt ta come t the fame Difcretion and Conscience which 

Of E N G L A N D. 461 

difpofed me to the Clemency I have exprejjed, 

is moft agreeable to my Nature, will oblige me to all 

Rigour and Severity, how contrary foever it be to my 

Nature, towards thofe who Jhall not now acquiefce, 

but continue to manifejl their Sedition and Dijlike of 

the Government, either in Aftion or Words. And Imuft 

conjure you all, my Lords and Gentlemen, to concur 

with me in this jujl and necef/ary Severity ; and that 

you will^ in your feveral Stations, be fo jealous of the 

public Peace, and of my particular Honour, that you 

will caufe exemplary Juftice to be done upon thofe who 

are guilty of feditious Speeches or Writings, as well 

as thofe who break out into feditious Aftions : And 

that you will believe thofe, who delight in reproaching 

and traducing my Per Jon, not to be well-affecled to 

you and the public Peace. Never King valued himfelf 

more upon the Affettions of his People, than I 

do ; nor do 1 know a better Way to make myfelf fure 

of your Affeilions than by being jufl and kind to you 

all; andwhiljl I am fo, I pray let the World fee 

that I am pojfijfed of your Affeftions. 

For your Poll Bill, I do thank you as much as if 
the Money were to come into my own Cojffers ; and wijh, 
with all my Heart, that it may amount to as great 
a Sum as you reckon upon. If the Work be well and 
orderly done to which it is dejigned, I am fure I {hall 
be the richer by it in the End ; and, upon my Wordy 
if I -had wherewithal!, I would myfelf help you, fo 
much 1 defer e the Bujinefs done. 1 pray very earneftly, 
as fajl as Money comes in, difcharge that great Bur- 
den of the Navy, and difband the Army as f aft as you 
can ; and, till you can difband the reft, make a Pro- 
vifion for their Support. 

I do conjure you, as you love me, let me not hear the 
Noife of Free- Quarter, which will be imputed to my 
Want of Care and Government, how innocent foever 
I am ; and therefore be fure you prevent it. 

I am fo confident of your Affections, that I will not 
move you in any Thing that immediately relates to my- 
felf', and yet I mujl tell you I am not richer-, that is, 
I have not fo much Money in my Purfe as when I 
came to you. The Truth is, I have lived principally, 

462 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, iz. Car. II. ev?r fmce, upon what I brought with me ; which was 

1660. indeed your Money* for y.oufent it to me, and I thank 

*" ' / ~?** y u f ar it* Tb( weekly Expence of the Navy eats up 

UU ' all you have given me by the Biil of Tonnage and 

Poundage. N$r have I been able to give my Brothers, 

one Ski/ting fince 1 came into England, nor ta keep 

any Table in my Houfe but what I eat myfelf: And 

that which troubles me moft is, to 'fee many of you 

come to me at . Whitehall >. and to think that you mujl 

go fomewhere elfe to feek your Dinner. 

I do not mention this to you as any Thing that 
troubles me j do but take Care of the Public, and for 
what is necej/ary for the Peace and Quiet ef the 
Kingdom, and take your own Time for my own Par- 
ticular ; which / am fure you will provide for witk 
t(s much Affeffivn and Franknejs as I can dejire* 
\ < -..', '. : -. <y . . 

At the Return of the Commons to their Houfe, 
the Diary fays, there were fe'/eral Speeches made 
on Ways and Means to raife more Money ; but, Sic 
Anthony Irby faying, That it was not proper to have 
the A6t of Indemnity pafled, and raife Money at 
one Breath, this Affair was poftponed to another 
Time : And it was moved that the Speaker be de- 
fired to print his Speech. 

We are now at Liberty to be fornewhat more dif- 
fufive in our Inquiries into the Conduct of the two 
Houfes than we have been whiift purfuing the laft 
important A& through them both : But indeed, 
upon a Re-furvey of the Journals and the Diary Back- 
wards, we cannot find any Thing elfe that was ma- 
terial omitted, fo entirely had this Bill engrafted the 
Attention of both Houfes. We. now go on to fhevv 
in what Manner his Subjects recompenled this mer- 
ciful Prince for this Acl: of Clemency ; the greateft 
that ever was (hewn from a King to a rebellious 
Crew ; when he had them in his Power, and could 
have cruflied them down fo low as never to rife again. 
It has been a Difpute amongft our Hiftorians, whe- 
ther this Acl: of general Pardon did not more expofe 
the King's Weaknefs, than his merciful Difpofmon. 


Of E N G L A N D. 463 

Could any Prince, fay they,fo far forget himfelf, as to An. iz. Car. If. 
pardon more than one Half of his Father's abfolute i 66 
Murderers ? His own and Brothers long Banifhment, * ""V" ^ 
to feek Relief, and even Bread, from foreign Princes, Aug * 
where they were flighted and bandied about, frora 
Court to Court, feeking Reft and finding none: And 
where they infallibly muft have ftarved, but that the 
wretched Remains of the Loyal Party in England fpa- 
red them fomewhat, by way of Contribution, to fupport 
them, out of their own fhattered Incomes. All 
thefe Circumftances render it fcarce poflible they 
could be forgot fo foon as they were j and, on the 
King's Side, we may fay, buried in eternal Oblivion. 
How this Sectarian Spirit rewarded this extraordi- 
nary Mercy to them, the Annals of this Prince's 
Reign do fufficiently {hew; but are npt within the 
Limits of this Work to treat of; fo we fhall go on 
with our own Hiftory of this Convention Parliament 
to its DifTqlution. 1vli ^ 

Augujl 30. A Bill had been before the Commons 
fome Time, for, naturalizing forty Aliens together, 
and came now to a third Reading.; but it did not 
pafs into a Law without fome Oppofition. Our 
Diary, fays, Mr. Pryntte moved againft this Bill, 
without their paying public Fine for it, as the q!4 
Romans did. But two other Members, Sir Edward 
Turner and Mr. Knight ^ fpeaking in Favour of it, 
it came to a Queftion, Whether this Bill fhould 
pafs into a Law ? The Houfe divided into 68 Noes, 
and 88 Yeas, and fo the Bill was parted. 

The Army, which had before done fo much Mif- 
chief, and lately fo much Good to the Nation, was 
yet a heavy Burden to fupport ; and did, no Doubt, 
create fome Fears alfo to thofe who knew their 
Ficklenefs, and had felt their Power ; but how to 
get quietly rid of their quondam Matters, was 
then the Queftion, and required great Art to ma- 
nage. This Day Sir William D'Uiley made a Re- 
port from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, 
and delivered in a Paper, fent to them by the Lord.- 
General, as a Plan for disbanding the Army j which 


464 'The "Parliamentary HISTORV 
_ tl was read in the Houfe, and is entered in the 'Jour- 

An. I2t Can Hi , c ,, * 

1660. tools i as follows ; 

. ^ - v ii ij i. That the Officers and Soldiers who were in 

Auguft. Pay, in Army or Garrifon, the 25th of April^ 

1660, fhall have their juft Arrear, paying or defalk- 

Wayto d S iftand m g for tneir Quarters, in Piofecution of his Maje- 

the Army with-fty's Declaration, and my Engagement to the Army, 

ut Mutiny. upon the Addrefs by them made, to acquiefce in 

the Judgment of Parliament. 

2. That for the prefent Subfiftence of the Army, 
the Month's Pay, appointed by Ordinance of Par- 
liament, in part of the fix Weeks Pay now due upori 
the new Account, may be forthwith iflued ; that fo 
the Army and Garrifons may be put into a Condition 
of Subfiftence, untill fo many of them (hall be dif- 
banded, as {hall be thought fit by his Majefty and 
the Parliament. 

3. That the Forces, that of Neceffity for the 
prefent muft be continued for Defence of the Gar- 
rifons in Scotland, are three Regiments of Foot, 
and one Troop of Horfe : The Refidue now there, 
are, three Regiments of Foot, and eleven Troops 
of Horfe ; which may be difpofed of as fhall be 
thought fit. 

4. As to the Forces in Field and Garrifon within 
this Kingdom, appearing upon the Lift annexed, fo 
many of them may forthwith be difbanded as fhall 
be thought fit. 

5. And, for the Manner of difbanding, the Mo- 
ney being prepared, I fhall, upon Notice from the 
Commifiioners appointed for that Purpofe, draw the 
Regiments to the moft convenient Places, and near- 
eft to their Quarters, where the Arms may be fecured 
for hisMajefty's Service, (that is to fay) the Foot Arms, 
except S words, which are their own ; and for the Horfe 
to deliver up what defenfive Arms they have; their 
Horfes, Swords, and Piftols, being their own likewife. 

This being done, the Field Officers of every Re-* 
giment, to give PafTes under their Hands and Seals, 
to all under their Command, to go into their refpec- 
tive Countries. 

As to the laft Part of the Order, I have already 


Of E N G L A N D. 465 

given Direction, that no Soldiers be 
lifted in any Troops or Companies ; and I {hall l66 - 
take Care that no Officers be from henceforth com- Au'uft ^ 
rruffioned into the Room of any that fliall die, or be 

After the reading of this Paper, the Houfe fell A Debate up.ojj 
into a Debate on this important Point, in which"? 
there were many Difficulties to get over. Mr. 
Prynne moved to pay no Arrears to thofe that were 
with Lambert and others, and did not fubmit. Sir 
John Northcot argued, That Scotland ftiould pay to- 
wards the difbanding of the Army. Sir William 
Morrice was for having the Army difbanded on all 
Accounts ; and faid, That Gunpowder was made of 
the fame Ingredients that caufed an Earthquake ; and 
that, as long as the Soldiery continued, there would 
be a perpetual Trembling in the Nation: That they 
were inconfiftent with the Happinefs of any King- 
dom ; and compared the keeping of an Army on, 
Foot to a Sheep's Skin and a Wolf's Skin ; which, 
if they lie together, the former would lofe its Wool. 
And again ; if a Sheep and a Wolf be put into two 
feveral Grates, by one another, the Sheep would 
pine and .die at the Sight of the other. Neither, 
ifaid he, could the Nation appear like itfelf, whilft 
the Sword was over them ; and moved to pay off 
and difband the Army. On which the Houfe came 
to the following Refolutions : 

4 Refolved, That all the Forces now of the Eng-AnA Re(bi#- 
lijh Eftabliftiment, whether in England, Scotland, or tions - 
elfewhere, be difoanded with all convenient Speed. 

Refolved, That fuch of the Officers and Soldiers 
in Army or Garrifon, who were in actual Service 
pn the 25th of April, 1660, and not difcharged 
fmce for not taking the Oaths of Allegiance and 
Supremacy, fliall have their juft Arrear; paying or 
jdefalking for their Quarters, in Profecution of his 
Majefty's Declaration, and the Lord-General's En- 
gagement to the Army, upon the Addrefs by them, 
made to acquiefce in the Judgment of the Parlia- 

VOL. XXIT. G g f Or- 

466 ^The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 12. Car. il. e Ordered, That it be referred to the Committee 

i66ov o f the Army to prepare a Bill for difbanding of the 

^*-"v""' "' Army, and bring it in To-morrow Morning: And 

Auguft, that g er j eant Glyn, Sir Heneage Finch, Sir Edward 

lurner, Mr. Charlton, and Mr. Annejley^ be added 

to that Committee, as to this Bufmefs : And they 

are to meet at Two of the Clock this Afternoon, in 

the Chamber where the Committee of the Army do 


Auguft 31. The Minifters Bill was another greafe 
Obftacle in the Proceedings of a Parliament, who 
were half of them Prefbyterians, or inclin'd to other 
SeSs, how to turn out or fettle thofe People in their 
refpetive Livings. It had taken much Time before 
this, the Debates on fome Parts of the Bill being 
given already, and now it was refumed ; when the 
Commifiioners for the Eftablifhment of Minifters, 
and who were to be Judges of Scandal or Igno- 
rance in them, were put under this Regulation : 

* Ordered, That all the Juftices of the Peace in 
each County, and all the Members of Parliament that 
are not Juftices, fhall be Commiffioners, whereof 
ve to be of the Quorum ; and to call to their Af- 
fiftance fuch Minifters as they {hall think fit.- The 
whole to be concluded before the 28th of December 

The fame Day a Meflage from the Lords came 
down to the Houle of Commons, to defire a Confe- 
rence; which being agreed to, the Lords commu- 
nicated the following Mefiage to them, which they 
had received from the King ; 


A Menage from J-T^ Majefty being frequently dejired, l>y feveral 
re Kin-. fj- Members of the Houfe of Peers, io difpenfe 
with their Ab fence from the Service of the Houfe, and 
to give them Leave to go. into the Country for their 
Healths find their Affairs : And finding that the Cir- 
cuits will carry many of the Members of the Houfe of 
Commons into their feveral Countries - t where ^ he 


Of ENGLAND. 467 

'doubts not, they will much advance his Majejlfs Ser-An. 12. Car. II, 
vice, and the Peace cf the Kingdom; and the Houfe 1660. 
cf Commons having, by their Speaker, defired his Ma- ^^~, ~~ ' 
jejly's Leave to go into the Country, his Majejly is eptenr 
gracloujly pleafed that both Houfes Jhall have a Recefs 
upon Saturday the Sth of the next Month : In which 
*I"ime he doubts not Care will be taken for the raijing 
fuch Money as Jhall be necejfary for the Payment of 
the Debts of the Navy, dijbandlng the Army, and, 
fupporting it till it Jhall be dljbanded\ which his 
Majejly de fires as much as any Man. And his Majejly 
intends that both Houfes Jhall meet again upon Tuei- 
day the bth of November next. 

On the reading of this MefTage the Commons A (hort Debate 
ordered, That no private Bufinefs, depending in their u P n *' 
Houfe, be proceeded in till the Day of Adjourn- 
ment. But, at the fame Time, feveral Debates 
rofe concerning the Word Recefs in the King's 
Meflage ; whether to adjourn or no ; or what the 
Word meant; to adjourn, or to determine; and 
ordered another Conference with the Lords about 
it. But that Houfe being rifen before the Meflage 
was fent, this Matter was drbpp'd for that Time. 
However, two Days after, (September 3) a Confe- 
rence was held ; when the Lord-Chancellor declared 
it was his Majefty's Pleafure that the Parliament 
Ihould be adjourned according to former Ufage ; 
and not that he meant, by the Word Recefs^ a Dif- 

The fame Day a Meflage was fent down by the 
Lords, with a Petition which they had received from 
the maimed Soldiers in the King's Party, begging 
Relief in their diftrefled Circumftances; which they 
recommended to the Commons to take Care of. 
Serjeant Glyn moved againft the Petition's being 
read, becaufe it came to the Lords firft, who ought 
riot to meddle with Matters of Money, That folely 
belonging to the Commons. Sir John Majham 
Ipoke for the Petition ; and happening to fay That 
he found the Petition was flighted, becaufe they 
\were the King's Soldiers, Sir Anthony Irby moved to 
G g 2 have 

468 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An.i2.Car.Il.have him called to the Bar for it. This Motion 

' 1*660. ' W as oppofed by feveral j urging, It was better to lay 

- v -^ it afide, and let the Petitioners begin again in the 

September. r j a ht Way. But others arguing that he ought to 

explain himfelf, or be called to the Bar, Sir John 

flood up again, and faid, It was not his Meaning to 

,refle& upon